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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 616-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the drug resistance factors in postoperative gemci-tabine chemotherapy after radical resection of pancreatic cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was constructed. The clinicopathological data of 255 patients with pancreatic cancer who were firstly admitted to the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi ′an Jiaotong University from January 2018 to June 2021 were collected. There were 140 males and 115 females, aged (59±10)years. All patients underwent radical resection of pancreatic cancer and received postoperative gemcitabine-based adjuvant chemotherapy. Observation indicators: (1) follow-up; (2) postoperative chemotherapy; (3) drug resistance and changing of regimen; (4) factors influencing postoperative chemotherapy resistance. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and compari-son between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the Pearson chi-square test. Univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model with forward method. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve, and Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Follow-up. All 255 patients were followed up for 18.6(16.7,21.4)months. The median survival time of 255 patients was 18.2[95% confidence interval ( CI) as 15.8-20.6]months. (2) Postoperative chemotherapy. Of the 255 patients, there were 5 cases receiving postoperative chemotherapy as gemcitabine monotherapy, 167 cases receiving postoperative chemotherapy as the AG combination (gemcitabine plus albumin-bound paclitaxel), 74 cases receiving postoperative chemotherapy as the GS combination (gemcitabine plus S-1) and 9 cases receiving postoperative chemotherapy as the GP combination (gemcitabine plus platinum). (3) Drug resistance and changing of regimen. Of the 255 patients, 81 cases completed the course of postoperative chemotherapy and evaluation. Of the 81 patients, there were 18 cases with no recurrence or metastasis of tumor, 10 cases with tumor local recurrence, 40 cases with tumor lymph node metastasis or distant metas-tasis, 3 cases with tumor local recurrence combined with distant metastasis, 10 cases with elevation of CA19-9. Of the 81 patients, 18 cases responded to chemotherapy, 63 cases underwent resistant to chemotherapy, including 11 cases with primary resistance and 52 cases with acquired resistance. The 63 patients with chemotherapy resistance underwent changing of regimen. (4) Factors influencing postoperative chemotherapy resistance. Results of multivariate analysis showed that chemotherapy cycle<6 is an independent risk factor for postoperative chemotherapy resistance in patients ( hazard ratio=17.18, 95% CI as 2.07-142.28, P<0.05). Conclusion:Adjuvant chemotherapy cycle <6 is an independent risk factor for postoperative chemotherapy resistance for gemcitabine based chemo-therapy in pancreatic cancer patients receiving radical resection.

2.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 314-322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987647

ABSTRACT

@#Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a class of small molecule peptides with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity.Their unique antimicrobial mechanism can effectively treat infectious diseases, with rare drug resistance.However, though AMPs with antimicrobial activity can be screened by traditional methods, the whole process is complicated.The artificial intelligence (AI) screening method is faster and more convenient, with great potential in exploring new natural antimicrobial peptides.In this paper, strategies related to AMPs screening by AI were summarized and compared, including data sources applied to model training, artificial intelligence machine model and omics data applied to model screening of novel antimicrobial peptides.The application prospects and advantages were reviewed, in hope of providing new ideas for identification, research and development of antimicrobial peptides.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 489-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen better promoters and provide more powerful tools for basic research and gene therapy of hemophilia.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics methods were used to analyze the promoters expressing housekeeping genes with high abundance, so as to select potential candidate promoters. The GFP reporter gene vector was constructed, and the packaging efficiency of the novel promoter was investigated with EF1 α promoter as control, and the transcription and activities of the reporter gene were investigated too. The activity of the candidate promoter was investigated by loading F9 gene.@*RESULTS@#The most potential RPS6 promoter was obtained by screening. There was no difference in lentiviral packaging between EF1 α-LV and RPS6-LV, and their virus titer were consistent. In 293T cells, the transduction efficiency and mean fluorescence intensity of RPS6pro-LV and EF1 αpro-LV were proportional to the lentiviral dose. The transfection efficiency of both promoters in different types of cells was in the following order: 293T>HEL>MSC; Compared with EF1 αpro-LV, RPS6pro-LV could obtain a higher fluorescence intensity in MSC cells, and RPS6pro-LV was more stable in long-term cultured HEL cells infected with two lentiviruses respectively. The results of RT-qPCR, Western blot and FIX activity (FIX∶C) detection of K562 cell culture supernatant showed that FIX expression in the EF1 α-F9 and RPS6-F9 groups was higher than that in the unloaded control group, and there was no significant difference in FIX expression between the EF1 α-F9 and RPS6-F9 groups.@*CONCLUSION@#After screening and optimization, a promoter was obtained, which can be widely used for exogenous gene expression. The high stability and viability of the promoter were confirmed by long-term culture and active gene expression, which providing a powerful tool for basic research and clinical gene therapy of hemophilia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transduction, Genetic , Genetic Vectors , Hemophilia A/genetics , Transfection , Blood Coagulation Factors/genetics , Lentivirus/genetics
4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 8-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis of primary hemophagocytic syndrome with UNC13D and MYO5A gene mutations.Methods:A case of adult hemophagocytic syndrome with gene mutation of UNC13D and MYO5A admitted to The 940th Hospital of the Joint Logistic Support Force of the PLA on January 28, 2022 was retrospectively analyzed in terms of laboratory examination, gene atlas of its close relatives and prognosis, and related literature was reviewed.Results:The patient was finally diagnosed with primary hemophagocytic syndrome, and chemotherapy was performed twice with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis(HLH)-2004 regimen. The HLA matching of his cytoplasm was semi-compatible. Considering that his cytoplasm carried blood-macrophage related genes, it was not suitable to be selected as a donor, and there were no other suitable relatives. He was transferred to another hospital for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, but failed to receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation during telephone follow-up, and died.Conclusion:The gene mutation of primary hemophagocytic syndrome is the gold standard for the diagnosis of primary HLH. There may be dual gene inheritance pattern in primary HLH, and the combination of immune disorder caused by viral infection and genetic factors may lead to the pathogenesis of primary HLH.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1680-1689, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Textbook outcome (TO) can guide decision-making among patients and clinicians during preoperative patient selection and postoperative quality improvement. We explored the factors associated with achieving a TO for gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) after curative-intent resection and analyzed the effect of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) on TO and non-TO patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 540 patients who underwent curative-intent resection for GBC at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the factors associated with TO.@*RESULTS@#Among 540 patients with GBC who underwent curative-intent resection, 223 patients (41.3%) achieved a TO. The incidence of TO ranged from 19.0% to 51.0% across the study period, with a slightly increasing trend over the study period. The multivariate analysis showed that non-TO was an independent risk factor for prognosis among GBC patients after resection ( P = 0.003). Age ≤60 years ( P = 0.016), total bilirubin (TBIL) level ≤34.1 μmol/L ( P <0.001), well-differentiated tumor ( P = 0.008), no liver involvement ( P <0.001), and T1-2 stage disease ( P = 0.006) were independently associated with achieving a TO for GBC after resection. Before and after propensity score matching (PSM), the overall survival outcomes of non-TO GBC patients who received ACT and those who did not were statistically significant; ACT improved the prognosis of patients in the non-TO group ( P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Achieving a TO is associated with a better long-term prognosis among GBC patients after curative-intent resection, and ACT can improve the prognosis of those with non-TO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Hepatectomy , Cholecystectomy
6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 288-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923572

ABSTRACT

Immune tolerance after liver transplantation refers to discontinuing use of immunosuppressants in varying patterns and maintaining the long-term stability of liver function of the recipients. At present, immune tolerance may be achieved by passive immune tolerance, active operational immune tolerance and induced immune tolerance. Multiple clinical trials have confirmed the safety and feasibility of these approaches. Compared with adults, pediatric recipients undergoing liver transplantation have better potential of immune tolerance, especially the living donor liver transplant recipients. Nevertheless, it remains a challenge to predict whether a certain individual may achieve immune tolerance. In this article, research progresses on the characteristics of immune tolerance in pediatric recipients, induction of immune tolerance, operational immune tolerance, induced immune tolerance, screening of recipients and tolerance markers were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the formulation of postoperative immunosuppressant regimens, reduce the overall exposure to immunosuppressants and lower the risk of adverse reactions induced by immunosuppressants in children undergoing liver transplantation.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 238-242, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical skills and clinical curative results of arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2020, 13 patients with ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement were retrospectively analyzed. There were 10 males and 3 females with age of (40.0±15.1) years old. The course of disease was(44.1±33.2) months. All patients had history of ankle sprain. MRI showed the injury of anterior talofibular ligament. All patients had anteromedial pain and pressing pain when ankle dorsiflexion. All patients were treated with ankle debridement and Brostr?m-Gould surgery under ankle arthroscopic. Postoperative results were evaluated by VAS(visual analogue scale) and AOFAS-AH(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale, AOFAS-AH).@*RESULTS@#All 13 patients completed the surgery successfully with an operative time of 60 to 90 minutes. All the surgical incisions healed by first intention, and no complications such as incision infection, skin necrosis and neurovascular injury. Follow-up time was (18.1±4.7) months. At the latest follow-up, the VAS score was 1.2±1.1, which was significantly lower than the preoperative score 4.8±1.5 (P<0.05);the AOFAS-AH score 94.2±5.1 was significantly higher than the preoperative score 65.5±11.5 (P<0.05). The AOFAS-AH score at the final follow-up ranged from 84 to 100. All patients walked with normal gait without ankle instability or impingement recurrence.@*CONCLUSION@#Ankle anteromedial impingement syndrome combined with ankle instability is easy to be ignored clinically. Such kind of anteromedial impingement syndrome is mostly related to osteophyte at dorsal medial talar neck. Arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome has satisfactory curative effect with safety and minimal injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ankle , Arthroscopy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 48-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations and molecular pathogenesis of 18 patients with inherited protein S (PS) deficiency. Methods: Eighteen patients with inherited PS deficiency who were admitted to the Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital from June 2016 to February 2019 were analyzed: activity of protein C (PC) and antithrombin (AT) , PS activity were measured for phenotype diagnosis; high throughput sequencing (HTS) was used for screening of coagulation disease-related genes; Sanger sequencing was used to confirm candidate variants; Swiss-model was used for three-dimensional structure analysis. Results: The PS:C of 18 patients ranged from 12.5 to 48.2 U/dL. Among them, 16 cases developed deep vein thrombosis, including 2 cases each with mesenteric vein thrombosis and cerebral infarction, and 1 case each with pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis during pregnancy. A total of 16 PROS1 gene mutations were detected, and 5 nonsense mutations (c.134_162del/p.Leu45*, c.847G>T/p.Glu283*, c.995_996delAT/p.Tyr332*, c.1359G> A/p.Trp453*, c.1474C>T/p.Gln492*) , 2 frameshift mutations (c.1460delG/p.Gla487Valfs*9 and c.1747_1750delAATC/p.Asn583Wfs*9) and 1 large fragment deletion (exon9 deletion) were reported for the first time. In addition, the PS:C of the deep vein thrombosis during pregnancy case was 55.2 U/dL carrying PROC gene c.565C>T/p.Arg189Trp mutation. Conclusion: The newly discovered gene mutations enriched the PROS1 gene mutation spectrum which associated with inherited PS deficiency.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Antithrombin III/genetics , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Protein C/genetics , Protein S/genetics , Protein S Deficiency/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 26-30, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929525

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of hereditary factor Ⅹ (FⅩ) deficiency. Methods: Clinical data of 11 patients with congenital FⅩ deficiency were retrospectively analyzed from July 2009 to February 2021. Results: There were 3 males and 8 females. Median age was 39 (5-55) years. The media duration of follow-up was 81.67 (1.87-142.73) months. Of the 11 patients, 10 had bleeding symptoms, 7 had ecchymosis or hemorrhage after skin bump, 7 had nosebleed, 6 had gingival hemorrhage, and 1 had muscle hematoma. Among the female patients, 6 had menorrhagia and 1 experienced bleeding after vaginal delivery. Family history of FⅩ deficiency was found in one case. Eight patients had a history of surgery, and four had postoperative bleeding. Laboratory findings were characterized by significantly prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, and decreased FⅩ activity (FⅩ∶C) . Four cases underwent gene mutation analysis and five new mutations were found. Four cases were treated with prothrombin complex concentrates (PCC) and seven cases with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) . One female patient had significantly reduced menstrual volume after PCC prophylactic therapy. One patient received FFP for prophylactic infusion with no bleeding during and after the operation. Conclusion: Most patients with congenital FⅩ deficiency had bleeding symptoms and there was no significant correlation between severity of bleeding symptoms and FⅩ∶C. Prophylaxis should be applied in patients with severe bleeding tendencies. Gene mutation test is significant for screening, diagnosis, and prognosis prediction of congenital FX deficiency.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Coagulation Factors/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation Tests , Factor X Deficiency/genetics , Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Plasma , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 552-556, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between early lymphocyte responses and the prognosis in severely injured patients.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with severe trauma who were treated in Peking University People's Hospital Trauma Medical Center between June 2017 and June 2020 were enrolled in this restropective chart-review study. According to the responses of lymphocyte after severe injury, the patients were divided into three groups, group 1: lymphopenia-returned to normal; group 2: persistent lymphopenia; group 3: never lymphopenic, and the outcome of 28 d were recorded. Clinical data such as gender, age, base excess, mechanism of injury, Glasgow coma scale (GCS), injury severity score (ISS) and massive blood transfusion were collected. Perform statistical analysis on the collected clinical data to understand the trend of lymphocyte changes in early trauma and the relationship with prognosis. In order to eliminate the interference of age, stratification was carried out according to whether the age was ≥ 65 years old, in different age groups, they were grouped according to whether the length of stay was ≥ 28 d, and the relationship between lymphocyte trend and length of stay was discussed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 83 patients were included, 66 males and 17 females. The main injury mechanisms were traffic accident injuries and high-altitude fall injuries. The average ISS was (30±11) points. 65 patients had lymphopenia on the day of injury, 32 of them returned to normal on the 5th day, and the rest did not recover; the other 18 patients had normal lymphocyte levels after injury. Patients which are failure to normalize lymphopenia within the first 5 days following admission was related with the long hospitalization time and higher 28 d mortality rate. After further stratification by age, failure to normalize lymphopenia within the first 5 days following admission in the elderly group (age ≥65 years) was a risk factor for prolonged hospital stay (≥28 d), P=0.04. While in younger group, a high level of neutrophils within the first 5 d following admission was a risk factor for bad outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#A failure to normalize lymphopenia in severely injured patients is associated with significantly higher mortality and longer hospital stay. This study reveals lymphocytes can be used as a reliable indicator for the prognostic evaluation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Injury Severity Score , Length of Stay , Lymphopenia/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2003-2011, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936585

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, the coronary artery stenosis or occlusion caused by atherosclerosis leads to myocardial ischemia, hypoxia, or necrosis, that is main histopathological features of coronary artery disease. Atherosclerosis relates closely to abnormal lipid regulation, chronic inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. Cardiac enzymes and high, low-density lipoprotein are currently used to diagnose a variety of coronary artery diseases, but the evidence is inadequate. Thus, new cardioprotective therapies are required to explore sensitive molecular markers for the prediction of cardiovascular events. Lipids have an important role in maintaining the myocardial cell structure as well as cardiac function. Lipidomics is a newly emerged discipline that studies lipids on a large scale. Recent advancements in lipidomics on coronary artery disease have shown that certain lipids, such as ceramide, sphingosine, lysophosphatidic acid, oxidized lipids, and so on, are associated with the clinical classification and characteristics of coronary artery disease. In addition, recent studies of lipid profiles of the cardiac, fat, liver, and other tissue samples in animal models also have provided a novel viewpoint. Given the increasing application of lipidomics techniques for coronary artery disease, we provide a review of lipidomics technology, sensitive lipid markers, recent studies of therapeutic targets, and drug discovery for coronary artery disease.

12.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 456-460, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005044

ABSTRACT

Hemophilia B is a genetic disorder caused by coagulation factor Ⅸ(FⅨ) deficiency, mainly manifesting as joint, muscle and deep tissue bleeding. Hemophilia pseudotumor is a mass formed by soft tissue liquefaction and necrosis caused by repeated bleeding. Most pseudotumors occur in the bone and muscle. We report a case of hemophilia B with pseudotumor formation in the pelvis and abdomen, where lesion location is relatively rare. After active and effective hemostasis, the patient's hematuria symptom gradually improved. This case suggests that early and timely hemostatic treatment is crucial for patients with hemophilia.

13.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 370-374, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005030

ABSTRACT

Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder and a type of rare disease that is hereditary, lifelong and disabling. The establishment of a National Hemophilia Registry is foundational to treating hemophilia. The initial registry of hemophilia in China was first established using the paper form in 1996 and upgraded to online system in 2007. Following the China's Ministry of Health's decision to establish a national hemophilia case information management system in 2009, China has officially established a National Hemophilia Registry based on previous work. More than 200 hospitals have been involved in this work. The National Hemophilia Registry also provides the basis for the study of hemophilia epidemiology, disease characteristics and related policy formulation.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 574-580, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880115

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors affecting the chronicity of childhood primary immune thrombo-cytopenia (ITP) and compare the efficiency of different first-line treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#Children with ITP hospitalized in our hospital from September 2013 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Three hundred and one children (150 males and 151 females) were included in this study, with a median age of 8 (0.17-17) years old, and 110 (36.5%), 92 (30.6%), and 99 (32.9%) cases were grouped into newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic ITP, respectively. The median of follow-up was 41.92 (1.07-74.03) months. At the end of the follow-up (October 2019), among the 202 newly diagnosed/persistent ITP children, 79 cases (59 newly diagnosed and 20 persistent ITP) achieved remission within 1 year after initial diagnosis, with a remission rate of 39.3%; 122 cases (50 newly diagnosed and 72 persistent ITP) developed chronic disease, with a chronicity rate of 60.7%; one case underwent splenectomy. In 99 cases with chronic ITP, 5 cases underwent splenectomy. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that, the insidious onset of symptoms (OR=3.754, 95%CI: 1.882-7.488, P=0.000) increased the risk of chronicity, while the positive antibody to anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (OR=0.446, 95%CI: 0.224-0.888, P=0.021) might reduce the risk of chronicity. And no difference was found by the analysis of subtype of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (P=0.305). The efficacy of the first-line treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) alone or combined with steroid was better than that of steroid alone (P=0.028, 0.028), however, the efficiency was not significantly different between IVIG alone and combined with steroid (P=0.086).@*CONCLUSION@#Insidious onset of symptoms in pediatric ITP increases the risk of chronicity, while the positive titer of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein may reduce the risk. In the first-line treatment for the newly diagnosed/persistent children. The efficacy of IVIG alone or combined with steroid is better than that of steroid alone.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Child, Hospitalized , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy
15.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 332-341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953650

ABSTRACT

Objective: In Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) history, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were used clinically as one drug, but now they are admitted as two herbal medicines in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 edition). This study used network pharmacology to investigate whether the two can be used interchangeably for the treatment of inflammatory diseases in TCM clinical practice. Methods: Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were compared in the inflammation mechanism including core targets, Gene Ontology (GO), pathway and principle chemical components by the method of network pharmacology. Results: Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos shared in six targets accounting for 66.7% of the entire core targets and more than half of the GO terms and pathways are similar. Organic acids are dominent compounds responsible for anti-inflammatory effects. Three of the compounds that bind to core targets including luteolin, quercetin and kaempferol, are shared in both herbs. Conclusion: Due to high similarity between Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos, we believe that they can be used interchangeably for the inflammation in clinical treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 801-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the sonographic features of clinical lymph node negative (cN 0) stage papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and non-PTMC, and improve the early diagnosis of cN 0 stage PTMC. Methods:The clinical data of 223 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma from January 2015 to December 2017 in Dalian Municipal Center Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative ultrasonography of all patients showed lymph node negative, and all patients received radical thyroidectomy. Among them, PTMC was in 143 cases (tumor diameter ≤1 cm, PTMC group), and non-PTMC in 80 cases (tumor diameter >1 cm, non-PTMC group). The sonographic features, including echogenicity, boundary, morphology, calcification, posterior echo attenuation, blood flow and ratio of length and width were compared between 2 groups.Results:There were no significant differences in the incidences of unclear boundary, irregular shape and posterior echo attenuation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidences of extremely low or low echo and ratio of length and width ≥1 in PTMC group were significantly higher than those in non-PTMC group: 88.1% (126/143) vs. 67.5% (54/80) and 37.8% (54/143) vs. 7.5% (6/80), the incidences rate of calcification and peripheral or internal blood flow were significantly lower than those in the non-PTMC group: 55.9% (80/143) vs. 72.5% (58/80) and 49.0% (70/143) vs. 77.5% (62/80), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). Conclusions:The ultrasonographic features of cN 0 stage PTMC and non-PTMC are different.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1184-1190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for abdominal infection after liver transplantation (LT).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinical data of 356 patients who underwent LT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected. There were 273 males and 83 females, aged from 21 to 67 years, with the median age of 46 years. Observation indications: (1) abdominal infec-tion after LT and distribution of pathogens; (2) analysis of risk factors for abdominal infection after LT; (3) follow-up and survival. Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination and tele-phone interview to detect postoperative 1-year survival rate and cases of death up to June 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M(range). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate analysis was conducted using the chi-square test, t test, Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher exact probability. Multivariate analysis was done using the Logistic regression model. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate sruvival time and survival rates. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Abdominal infection after LT and distribution of pathogens: 63 of 356 recipients had abdominal infection after LT, with the overall incidence of 17.70%(63/356). Of the 63 recipients, 41 cases had abdominal infection within postoperative 2 weeks, 17 cases had multi-drug resistant organism infection. A total of 116 strains of bacteria were isolated from 63 recipients with abdominal infection, 52 of which were gram-negative bacteria, 48 were gram-positive bacteria, 16 were fungi. (2) Analysis of risk factors for abdominal infection after LT: results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, preoperative serum albumin, preoperative leukocytes, preoperative prothrombin time, preoperative alanine aminotransferase, preoperative aspartate aminotransferase, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, days of postoperative antibiotic use, postoperative renal failure, postoperative delayed graft function,duration of postoperative intensive care unit stay were related factors for abdominal infection after LT ( Z=-2.456, t=-1.982, Z=-3.193, -2.802, -2.336, -2.276, -2.116, -3.217, χ2=15.807, 10.395, 6.750, Z=-4.468, P<0.05). Liver retransplantaiton and postoperative bile leakage were related factors for abdominal infection after LT ( P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative MELD score>20 and liver retransplantation were independent risk factors for abdominal infection after LT ( odds ratio=2.871, 12.875, 95% confidence interval as 1.106-7.448, 1.290-128.521, P<0.05). (3) Follow-up and survival: 356 recipients were followed up for 1-66 months, with a median follow-up time of 32 months. The postoperative 1-year overall survival rate of 63 recipients with abdominal infection and 293 recipients without abdominal infection were 84.60% and 97.03%, respectively, showing a significant difference ( χ2=11.660, P<0.05). During the follow-up, 58 recipients died. Conclusion:Preoperative MELD score>20 and liver retransplantation are independent risk factors for abdominal infection after LT.

18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 738-742, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To eludicate the risk factors of mechanical ventilation and prolonged mechanical ventilation in patients with severe multiple injuries.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with severe multiple injures who were treated in Peking University People's Hospital Trauma Medical Center between December 2016 and December 2019 were enrolled in this restropective chart-review study. According to mechanical ventilation and ventilatory time, the patients were divided into mechanical ventilation (MV) group and non-mechanical ventilation (NMV) groups, prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) group and shortened mechanical ventilation (SMV) groups. Clinical data such as gender, age, base excess, mechanism of injury, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), abbreviated injury scale (AIS) and injury severity score (ISS) were collected. To indentify the risk factors of mechanical ventilation and prolonged mecha-nical ventilation, univariate and multivariate Logistic analyses were carried out.@*RESULTS@#In the present study, 112 patients (82 male, 30 female) with severe multiple injuries having a median age of 52 (range: 16-89 years) and a median ISS of 34 (range: 16-66) were enrolled. The primary mechanism of injury was traffic accident injury and falling injury. In the study, 62 and 50 patients were assigned to MV and NMV groups, respectively. Logistic analysis showed that GCS (OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.53-0.92, P=0.03), base excess (OR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.37-0.88, P=0.002) and multiple rib fracture (OR=1.72, 95%CI: 1.60-2.80, P=0.012) were independent significant risk factors for mechanical ventilation after severe multiple injuries. Within the mechanical ventilation group, 38 and 24 patients were assigned to PMV and SMVgroups, respectively. Compared with the SMV group, the PMV group had a higher ISS and higher rate of severe head trauma. The length of hospital stay of PMV group was longer than that of SMV groups. Meanwhile, the incidence of tracheotomy in PMV group was high.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GCS, base excess and rib fracture might be independent risk factors for mechanical ventilation. Higher ISS and lower GCS might prolong the ventilatory time and the length of hospital stay. Meanwhile, the incidence of tracheotomy was high in PMV group because of the longer ventilatory time and poor consciousness.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Injury Severity Score , Multiple Trauma , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 298-301, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of multi-disciplinary team (MDT) in general hospitals on severe trauma patients.@*METHODS@#This study reviewed the treatment of patients with severe trauma in trauma center of Peking University People's Hospital from March 2017 to April 2019. The baseline information: the patients' gender, age, injury mechanism, etc.; the start indicators: the Glasgow coma scale (GCS), trauma index (TI), injury severity score (ISS); the start related indicators: time for activation, time for MDT to arrive, time for CT scan, time for damage control surgery; patient treatment and prognosis: ICU (intensive care unit) length of stay, number of cured and discharged patients, number of dead cases, number of patients transferred to rehabilitation hospital, were all analyzed. It discussed the composition of MDT, the initiation scheme, the indicators of initiation of MDT for severe trauma, and analyzed the correlation between the application of MDT and the prognosis of patients.@*RESULTS@#From March 2017 to April 2019, 112 trauma patients were treated by MDT in Peking University People's Hospital. There were 69 males and 43 females. The minimum age was 15 years, the maximum age was 89 years, most of them were 36-55 years old. The main injury mechanism was traffic accident injury. The GCS, TI, ISS were 13.0±2.9, 13.0±2.8, and 21.5±11.9, respectively. It took 3.7±0.8 minutes to start the call, 6.1±0.9 minutes for MDT personnel to arrive at the emergency rescue area, 23.8±3.0 minutes for fast CT and 92.6±15.4 minutes for injury control operation. All the hospitalized patients were treated effectively. ICU (Intensive care unit) hospitalization time was 12.6±6.7 days. 55 discharged patients were cured, 5 died (1 died of hemorrhagic shock, 4 died of severe brain injury) and 52 transferred to rehabilitation hospital.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of severe trauma patients by MDT in trauma center of general hospitals can greatly improve the ability and level of treatment of severe trauma patients, make up for the lack of treatment of severe trauma especially multiple trauma patients in large general hospitals, and improve the treatment effect of severe trauma patients. It provides a reference model for large general hospitals to treat patients with severe trauma and multiple trauma and for the construction of trauma centers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Emergency Service, Hospital , Injury Severity Score , Intensive Care Units , Patient Care Team , Retrospective Studies , Trauma Centers
20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1074-1079, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866976

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients with infective endocarditis (IE), construct prediction model, and discuss its predictive value.Methods:The clinical data of 402 adult inpatients diagnosed with IE admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the AKI group and the non-AKI group. The clinical data, such as gender, age, presence of diabetes, basic estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), laboratory indexes at admission, involvement of valves, presence of sepsis, medication during hospitalization, surgery and outcome of the two groups were compared. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors of AKI in IE inpatients. A predictive model was constructed, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of the model.Results:A total of 290 patients with IE were enrolled, including 198 non-AKI patients and 92 AKI patients. The incidence of AKI was 31.7%. Among the 92 AKI patients, 46 patients were at AKI stage 1 (50.0%), while 46 patients were at AKI stage 2 and stage 3 (50.0%). Compared with the non-AKI group, patients in the AKI group were older [years old: 64 (55, 71) vs. 55 (46, 63)], and had lower basic eGFR (mL·min -1·1.73 m -2: 64.6±13.6 vs. 82.9±19.5), higher proportion of diabetic and incidence of sepsis (16.3% vs. 8.6%, 38.0% vs. 13.1%), more frequent use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin Ⅱ receptor antagonists (ACEI/ARB), diuretics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; 25.0% vs. 15.2%, 82.6% vs. 63.1%, 58.7% vs. 24.2%), more abnormal urine test results (hematuria or proteinuria, 35.9% vs. 22.7%), higher pathogen culture negative rate (73.9% vs. 51.5%), lower Gram positive (G +) cocci infection rate and surgery rate (22.8% vs. 40.4%, 60.9% vs. 81.8 %), with significant differences (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the gender, number and location of involved valves, and laboratory indexes at admission between the two groups. Compared with the non-AKI group, the inpatient mortality rate of the AKI group was higher (30.4% vs. 8.6%, P < 0.01), and the inpatient mortality rate of patients with AKI stage 2 and stage 3 was significantly higher than that of patients with AKI stage 1 (43.5% vs. 17.4%, P < 0.01). In multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the lower basic eGFR [hazard ratio ( HR) = 0.136, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.066-0.280], sepsis ( HR = 6.100, 95% CI was 2.394-15.543), demand for NSAIDs ( HR = 2.990, 95% CI was 1.184-7.546) and radiocontrast agent ( HR = 3.153, 95% CI was 1.207-8.238) were independent risk factors for AKI in hospitalized patients with IE (all P < 0.05). A prediction model was constructed based on the above risk factors, and ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of prediction model for AKI was 0.888 (95% CI was 0.833-0.943, P < 0.01) with sensitivity of 86.4% and specificity of 80.9%. Conclusions:In the IE-susceptible population, low basic eGFR, sepsis, the need for NSAIDs and contrast agent are independent risk factors to AKI. The predictive model constructed by the above risk factors has certain predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in the IE inpatients.

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