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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 694-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985549

ABSTRACT

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) has three public health systems under different systems, which plays an important role in the construction of the public health system in China. Further strengthening the construction of the public health system in the GBA will play an important reference role in the optimization and upgrade of China's public health system in the future. Based on the key consulting project of "research on the strategy of the modern public health system and capacity building in China" by Chinese Academy of Engineering, this paper deeply analyzes the current status and existing problems of public health system construction in GBA and suggests to improve and innovate the mechanisms of collaborative prevention and control of public health risks, resource coordination and joint research and result sharing, information sharing and exchange, personnel training and team building in order to comprehensively improve the capacity of public health system in GBA, and promote the construction of Healthy China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Hong Kong , Macau , Public Health
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 289-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Delta variant infection in different ages groups.@*METHODS@#A total of 45 children with COVID-19 caused by Delta variant infection who were hospitalized in the designated hospital in Henan Province, China, from November 17 to December 17, 2021, were included. They were divided into three groups: <6 years group (n=16), 6-13 years group (n=16), and >13 years group (n=13). The three groups were compared in clinical features and laboratory examination data.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 in all age groups was mainly mild. Main manifestations included cough and expectoration in the three groups, and fever was only observed in the 6-13 years group. The <6 years group had significantly higher serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine kinase isoenzymes than the other two groups (P<0.05). The 6-13 years group had the highest proportion of children with elevated serum creatinine levels (50%). Among the three groups, only 4 children in the >13 years group had an increase in serum C-reactive protein levels. The 6-13 years group had the lowest counts of CD3+CD4+ lymphocytes, CD3+CD8+ lymphocytes, and natural killer cells in the peripheral blood among the three groups. The >13 years group had a significantly higher positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 IgG on admission than the other two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the imaging findings on chest CT among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical features of COVID-19 caused by Delta variant infection in children of different age groups may be different: children aged <6 years tend to develop myocardial injury, and those aged 6-13 years have fever except cough and expectoration and tend to develop renal and immune dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Cough/etiology , Killer Cells, Natural , China/epidemiology , Fever , Retrospective Studies
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 116-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of allogeneic femoral head as strut allograft combined with proximal humeral internal locking system (PHILOS) in the treatment of proximal humeral Neer grade Ⅳ fracture with humeral head collapse.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to November 2020, 18 patients with Neer grade Ⅳ fracture with humeral head collapse were treated with strut allograft with PHILOS, including 4 males and 14 females, aged from 55 to 78 years old, with an average of (68.11±7.20) years old. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage volume, fracture healing time, neck-shaft angle and the height of the humeral head, failure of internal fixation the shoulder function at the last follow-up was assessed using Neer's scoring system.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 10 to 12 months, with an average of (11.08±0.65) months. The operation time was (66.44±5.06) min, the intraoperative bleeding volume was (206.67±36.14) ml, the postoperative drainage volume was (76.11±9.63) ml, and the fracture healing time was (17.28±3.92) weeks. At the last follow-up, the degree of loss of neck-shaft angle was (5.44±0.86) ° and the loss of the height of humeral head was (1.43±0.27) mm. All 18 patients had healing without complications such as fracture, withdrawal, penetration of internal fixation and necrosis of humeral head. According to Neer's evaluation standard, the total score was (89.61±5.60), 10 cases got an excellent result, 6 good, 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Allogeneic femoral head combined with PHILOS is an appropriate treatment for the four-part proximal humerus fractures with humeral head collapse, exhibiting good clinic outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Humeral Head , Shoulder , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies , Humerus , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Humeral Fractures , Allografts
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 352-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on intestinal microbiome and organism in patients with severe pneumonia during the convalescence period.@*METHODS@#A prospective non-randomized controlled study was conducted. From December 2021 to May 2022, patients with severe pneumonia during the convalescence period who received FMT (FMT group) and patients with severe pneumonia during the convalescence period who did not receive FMT (non-FMT group) admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were enrolled. The differences of clinical indicators, gastrointestinal function and fecal traits between the two groups were compared 1 day before and 10 days after enrollment. The 16S rDNA gene sequencing technology was used to analyze the changes of intestinal flora diversity and different species in patients with FMT before and after enrollment, and metabolic pathways were analyzed and predicted by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database (KEGG). Pearson correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between intestinal flora and clinical indicators in FMT group.@*RESULTS@#The level of triacylglycerol (TG) in FMT group was significantly decreased at 10 days after enrollment compared with before enrollment [mmol/L: 0.94 (0.71, 1.40) vs. 1.47 (0.78, 1.86), P < 0.05]. The level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in non-FMT group was significantly decreased at 10 days after enrollment compared with before enrollment (mmol/L: 0.68±0.27 vs. 0.80±0.31, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in other clinical indexes, gastrointestinal function or fecal character scores between the two groups. Diversity analysis showed that the α diversity indexes of intestinal flora in FMT group at 10 days after enrollment were significantly higher than those in non-FMT group, and β diversity was also significantly different from that in non-FMT group. Differential species analysis showed that the relative abundance of Proteobacteria at the level of intestinal flora in FMT group at 10 days after enrollment was significantly lower than that in non-FMT group [8.554% (5.977%, 12.159%) vs. 19.285% (8.054%, 33.207%), P < 0.05], while the relative abundance of Fusobacteria was significantly higher than that in non-FMT group [6.801% (1.373%, 20.586%) vs. 0.003% (0%, 9.324%), P < 0.05], and the relative abundance of Butyricimonas, Fusobacterium and Bifidobacterium at the genus level of the intestinal flora was significantly higher than that in non-FMT group [Butyricimonas: 1.634% (0.813%, 2.387%) vs. 0% (0%, 0.061%), Fusobacterium: 6.801% (1.373%, 20.586%) vs. 0.002% (0%, 9.324%), Bifidobacterium: 0.037% (0%, 0.153%) vs. 0% (0%, 0%), all P < 0.05]. KEGG metabolic pathway analysis showed that the intestinal flora of FMT group was changed in bisphenol degradation, mineral absorption, phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism, cardiac muscle contraction, Parkinson disease and other metabolic pathways and diseases. Correlation analysis showed that Actinobacteria and prealbumin (PA) in intestinal flora of FMT group were significantly positively correlated (r = 0.53, P = 0.043), Bacteroidetes was positively correlated with blood urea nitrogen (BUN; r = 0.56, P = 0.029) and complement C3 (r = 0.57, P = 0.027), Firmicutes was positively correlated with BUN (r = 0.56, P = 0.029) and complement C3 (r = 0.57, P = 0.027), Fusobacteria was significantly positively correlated with immunoglobulin M (IgM; r = 0.71, P = 0.003), Proteobacteria was significantly positively correlated with procalcitonin (PCT; r = 0.63, P = 0.012) and complement C4 (r = 0.56, P = 0.030).@*CONCLUSIONS@#FMT can reduce TG level, reconstruct intestinal microecological structure, change body metabolism and function, and alleviate inflammatory response by reducing the relative abundance of harmful bacteria in patients with severe pneumonia during the convalescence period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation , Complement C3 , Convalescence , Prospective Studies , Feces
5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 508-515, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982317

ABSTRACT

New drug clinical trials have been considered as a positive way for treating cancer by cancer patients and doctors, and the extended dosing is a special way for patients' withdrawal from antitumor clinical trials to obtain investigational new drugs. However, neither the regulations of expanded dosing nor the detail documents for expanded dosing have been officially published in China. At present, expanded dosing of investigational drugs is still at the exploratory stage in various medical institutions, and a complete management system has not been established to meet patients' urgent needs for drug use. Based on the practical experience of extended dosing in Hunan Cancer Hospital, this paper preliminarily explored the application procedures and ethical review requirements of extended dosing for subjects in antitumor clinical trials. It is necessary to clarify the responsibilities of all patients in the procedure and establish a patient-medical institution-sponsor joint application system. In the process of ethical review, it is recommended that all parties fully consider the risks and benefits of extended dosing for patients, and then the ethics committee makes a comprehensive assessment to decide whether to approve extended dosing.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Physicians , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 178-182, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981926

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Static progressive stretch (SPS) can be applied to treat chronic joint stiffness. However, the impacts of subacute application of SPS to the distal lower limbs, where deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is common, on venous thromboembolism remain unclear. This study aims to explore the risk of venous thromboembolism events following subacute application of SPS.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients diagnosed with DVT following a lower extremity orthopedic surgery before being transferred to the rehabilitation ward from May 2017 to May 2022. Patients with unilateral lower limb comminuted para-articular fractures, transferred to rehabilitation ward for further treatment within 3 weeks after operation, followed up more than 12 weeks since initial manual physiotherapy, and diagnosed DVT by ultrasound before rehabilitation course were included in the study. Patients with polytrauma, without evidence of previous peripheral vascular disease or incompetence, had medication for thrombosis treatment or prophylaxis before the operation, detected with paralysis due to nervous system impairment, infected after operation during the regime, or with acute progression of DVT were excluded. The included patients were randomized to the standard physiotherapy and the SPS integrated groups for observation. Associated DVT and pulmonary embolism data were collected during the physiotherapy course to compare the groups. SSPS 28.0 and GraphPad Prism 9 were used for data processing. A p < 0.05 was set significant difference.@*RESULTS@#In total of 154 patients with DVT participating in this study, 75 of them were treated with additional SPS for postoperative rehabilitation. The participants in the SPS group showed improved range of motion (12.3° ± 6.7°). However, in the SPS group, there was no difference in thrombosis volume between the start and termination (p = 0.106, p = 0.787, respectively), although difference was seen intra-therapy (p < 0.001). Contingency analysis revealed the pulmonary embolism incidence (OR = 0.703) in the SPS group compared to the mean physiotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The SPS technique is a safe and reliable option to prevent potential joint stiffness without aggravating the risk of distal DVT for postoperative patients suffering from relevant trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Pulmonary Embolism/complications , Lower Extremity , Risk Factors
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2639-2645, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981368

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of multi-glycosides of Tripterygium wilfordii(GTW) on renal injury in diabetic kidney disease(DKD) rats through Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3)/cysteine-aspartic acid protease-1(caspase-1)/gsdermin D(GSDMD) pyroptosis pathway and the mechanism. To be specific, a total of 40 male SD rats were randomized into the normal group(n=8) and modeling group(n=34). In the modeling group, a high-sugar and high-fat diet and one-time intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin(STZ) were used to induce DKD in rats. After successful modeling, they were randomly classified into model group, valsartan(Diovan) group, and GTW group. Normal group and model group were given normal saline, and the valsartan group and GTW group received(ig) valsartan and GTW, respectively, for 6 weeks. Blood urea nitrogen(BUN), serum creatinine(Scr), alanine ami-notransferase(ALT), albumin(ALB), and 24 hours urinary total protein(24 h-UTP) were determined by biochemical tests. The pathological changes of renal tissue were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining. Serum levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and interleukin-18(IL-18) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression of pyroptosis pathway-related proteins in renal tissue, and RT-PCR to determine the expression of pyroptosis pathway-related genes in renal tissue. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed high levels of BUN, Scr, ALT, and 24 h-UTP and serum levels of IL-1β and IL-18(P<0.01), low level of ALB(P<0.01), severe pathological damage to kidney, and high protein and mRNA levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and GSDMD in renal tissue(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, valsartan group and GTW group had low levels of BUN, Scr, ALT, and 24 h-UTP and serum levels of IL-1β and IL-18(P<0.01), high level of ALB(P<0.01), alleviation of the pathological damage to the kidney, and low protein and mRNA levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and GSDMD in renal tissue(P<0.01 or P<0.05). GTW may inhibit pyroptosis by decreasing the expression of NLRP3/caspase-1/GSDMD in renal tissue, thereby relieving the inflammatory response of DKD rats and the pathological injury of kidney.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Glycosides/pharmacology , Tripterygium , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Caspase 1/metabolism , Pyroptosis , Uridine Triphosphate/pharmacology , Kidney , Valsartan/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus
8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 56-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993051

ABSTRACT

Objective:To calculate the typical values of diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for CT examinations of head, chest and abdomen-pelvis in children using the volumetric CT dose index (CTDI vol), the size-specific dose estimation value (SSDE WD) based on the water equivalent diameter (WD) and the dose length product (DLP) as indicators to measure the radiation dose level of CT examinations in Department of Radiology, Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Methods:The CT examination images of patients admitted to the Hospital from January 2021 to December 2021 were retrospectively collected, encompassing 1 391 for head, 1 386 for chest and 1 035 for abdomen-pelvis. Their age, CTDI vol and DLP were recorded and the anterior-posterior diameter (AP), lateral diameter (LAT), area (A ROI) and CT value within area (CT ROI) of the middlemost scanned image were measured manually. The effective diameter ( d), WD, conversion factor ( f16/32X SIZE) and SSDE WD were calculated in accordance with the American Academy of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) reported method . Patients were divided into 5 groups in terms of their examined site. age and body size: <1, 1-, 5-, 10-, and 15- years old. The number of patients in each group was 252, 320, 400, 380 and 39 for the head, 188, 320, 399, 398 and 81 for the chest, and 75, 310, 310, 300 and 40 for the abdomen-pelvis region. The patients for head examination was divided into five groups of <12.5, 12.5-, 14-, 15-, 16-cm based on LAT, with 151, 222, 319, 399 and 300 cases in each group, respectively. The chest and abdomen-pelvis were divided into five groups of <15, 15-, 20-, 25-, 30- cm based on d, with 275, 527, 400, 165 and 19 cases in each chest group, respectively; the abdomen-pelvis 403, 410, 184, 34 and 4 cases. The 75th percentile of CTDI vol, SSDE WDand DLP were counted in each group as typical DRL values, and the differences between CTDI vol and SSDE WD in measuring radiation dose were compared. Results:The typical values of DRL in the head, chest and abdomen-pelvis areas as measured by CTDI vol were 14.9-24.1, 1.8-4.5, and 2.0-7.5 mGy, respectively, by age grouping; the typical values of DRL as measured by SSDE WD were 14.7-18.9, 4.2-6.9, and 4.7-11.8 mGy, respectively; the typical values of DRL as measured by DLP were 260-505, 40-185 and 64-435 mGy·cm. The typical values of DRL measured by CTDI vol were 1.8-6.8 and 2.2-9.2 mGy for the chest and abdomen-pelvis region, respectively, by d grouping; the typical values of DRL measured by SSDE WD were 4.2-9.1 and 4.9-13.0 mGy; typical values of DRL as measured by DLP were 40-255 mGy·cm and 85-545 mGy·cm, respectively. The typical values of DRL measured by CTDI vol were 14.1-23.1 mGy for head grouping by LAT; the typical values of DRL measured by SSDE WD were 14.3-18.5 mGy. The typical values of DRL measured by DLP were 240-475 mGy·cm. The CTDI vol was larger than SSDE WD in the head except for the (<1 year and <12.5 cm) subgroup, and the CTDI vol in head was (18.63±3.24) mGy and SSDE WD was (16.38±1.81) mGy, the difference was statistically significant ( t= 48.78, P < 0.001). The CTDI vol was smaller than SSDE WD within each subgroup in chest and abdomen-pelvis, the CTDI vol of chest was (2.77±1.02) mGy, and SSDE WD was (5.22±1.26) mGy with a statistically significant difference ( t=-210.89, P < 0.001); the CTDI vol of abdomen-pelvis was ( 3.36 ± 1.82) mGy and SSDE WD was (6.27 ± 2.44) mGy. The difference was also statistically significant ( t = -115.16, P < 0.001). Conclusions:The typical values of DRLs in the hospital are at a reasonable and low level compared with those in other countries, and SSDE WD reflects radiation dose more accurately than CTDI vol.Therefore there is an urgent need to establish DRLs based on SSDE WD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 349-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in evaluating collateral circulation in ischemic stroke (IS) and its correlation with prognosis.Methods:The 350 IS patients admitted to Shaoxing People′s Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020 were selected as the research objects. According to the results of DSA, they were divided into collateral circulation group and non-collateral circulation group. According to the prognosis, they were divided into good prognosis group and poor prognosis group. The consistency between the evaluation results of collateral circulation on IS of TCD and DSA was analyzed, and its correlation with prognosis was analyzed.Results:The DSA results showed that among 350 patients, 118 had no collateral circulation and 232 had collateral circulation, including 130 cases of grade 1 collateral circulation and 102 cases of grade 2 collateral circulation. TCD results showed that there were 117 cases without collateral circulation and 233 cases with collateral circulation, including 131 cases with grade 1 collateral circulation and 102 cases with grade 2 collateral circulation. The consistency test showed that the evaluation results of TCD on collateral circulation was highly consistent with the gold standard DSA ( Kappa>0.9, P<0.05). Repeated measures analysis of variance showed that time-point effects, inter-group effects, time-point and inter-group interaction effects can significantly affect the changes in modified Rankin scale(mRS) scores ( P<0.05); and the mRS scores in the collateral circulation group were less than those in the non-collateral circulation group at admission the hospital, discharge of the hospital and 3 months after discharge the hospital: (1.89 ± 0.82) scores vs. (2.98 ± 0.98) scores, (1.13 ± 0.53) scores vs. (2.45 ± 0.80) scores, (0.50 ± 0.45) scores vs. (1.86 ± 0.80) scores, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The collateral circulation rate in the good prognosis group was higher than that in the poor prognosis group: 78.95%(150/190) vs. 47.50%(76/160), there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The evaluation value of TCD for IS collateral circulation is high, and collateral circulation is closely related to prognosis.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 17-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a semi-supervised epileptic seizure prediction model (ST-WGAN-GP-Bi-LSTM) to enhance the prediction performance by improving time-frequency analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, enhancing the stability of the unsupervised feature learning model and improving the design of back-end classifier.@*METHODS@#Stockwell transform (ST) of the epileptic EEG signals was performed to locate the time-frequency information by adaptive adjustment of the resolution and retaining the absolute phase to obtain the time-frequency inputs. When there was no overlap between the generated data distribution and the real EEG data distribution, to avoid failure of feature learning due to a constant JS divergence, Wasserstein GAN was used as a feature learning model, and the cost function based on EM distance and gradient penalty strategy was adopted to constrain the unsupervised training process to allow the generation of a high-order feature extractor. A temporal prediction model was finally constructed based on a bi-directional long short term memory network (Bi-LSTM), and the classification performance was improved by obtaining the temporal correlation between high-order time-frequency features. The CHB-MIT scalp EEG dataset was used to validate the proposed patient-specific seizure prediction method.@*RESULTS@#The AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of the proposed method reached 90.40%, 83.62%, and 86.69%, respectively. Compared with the existing semi-supervised methods, the propose method improved the original performance by 17.77%, 15.41%, and 53.66%. The performance of this method was comparable to that of a supervised prediction model based on CNN.@*CONCLUSION@#The utilization of ST, WGAN-GP, and Bi-LSTM effectively improves the prediction performance of the semi-supervised deep learning model, which can be used for optimization of unsupervised feature extraction in epileptic seizure prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Memory, Short-Term , Seizures/diagnosis , Electroencephalography
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 829-834, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980803

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of academic history, the paper reviews systematically the background and evolution of the understanding of "Fengshi (GB 31) for treating wind disorders". In the ancient literature, there are no direct relevant statement for the indication of Fengshi (GB 31) associated with "wind", and the consensus on "Fengshi for treating wind disorders" has not been made yet. Under the influence of acupoint theory in recent era and the syndrome differentiation for acupuncture treatment in modern time, this statement becomes a conventional understanding and acceptable gradually. Meanwhile, the understanding for Fengshi (GB 31) treating wind disorders tends to be generalized. Practically, Fengshi (GB 31) is applicable for the various disorders in the local and adjacent areas. It is necessary for modern acupuncture researchers to systematically collate, investigate and identify the knowledge content with a sense of familiarity so that the contemporary inheritance, development and application of traditional theoretical knowledge of acupuncture can be enhanced.


Subject(s)
Wind , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Consensus , Knowledge
12.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 536-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973644

ABSTRACT

Background Long working hours are a common occupational health risk factor. The problem of long working hours and its impact on health of medical staff cannot be ignored. Objective To investigate long working hours in medical staff of tertiary grade A hospitals in Shanghai, and evaluate the relationships of long working hours with occupational stress and fatigue accumulation. Methods A total of 1531 medical staff in departments of emergency, internal medicine, surgery, intensive care unit (ICU), anesthesiology, and obstetrics and gynecology from 6 hospitals in 6 districts of Shanghai were selected using stratified random sampling. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on social demographics, occupational characteristics, andbehavior and lifestyle. The Core Occupational Stress Scale (COSS) and the Self-diagnostic Questionnaire on the Accumulation of Fatigue of Laborers were used to assess occupational stress and fatigue accumulation condition. Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to analyze the distributions of long working hours, occupational stress, and fatigue accumulation, log-binomial models were used to analyze the relationships of long working hours with occupational stress and fatigue accumulation, and job title stratified models were also constructed. Results The average weekly working hours of the study subjects was (47.84±11.40) h, 65.90% of the medical staff worked more than 40 h every week. The percentages of the weekly working hours categories of 41-48 h, 49-54 h, and ≥55 h were 31.42%, 13.46%, and 21.03%, respectively. The positive rates of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation were 25.87% and 65.64% respectively, and the differences among different age, gender, job title, education, length of service, and shift system groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of log-binomial regression showed that after adjusting for gender, age, monthly income, marital status, education, physical exercise, smoking, job position, length of service, and shift system, weekly working hours were an influencing factor of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation (P<0.05). Compared with weekly working hours≤40 h, the risk, PR(95%CI), of reporting occupational stress and fatigue accumulation increased to 2.595 (1.989, 3.385) and 1.578 (1.349, 1.845) times respectively for weekly working hours≥55 h (P<0.001). The results of job title stratification analysis showed that the risk of occupational stress among physicians, nurses, and medical technicians increased when weekly working hours≥55 h versus ≤40 h, and the PR (95%CI) values were 2.003 (1.383, 2.902), 1.971 (1.068, 3.636), and 2.770 (1.220, 6.288), respectively (P<0.05). The risk of fatigue accumulation was increased in physicians when weekly working hour≥55 h versus ≤40 h, with a PR (95%CI) value of 1.594 (1.208, 2.103) (P<0.001). Conclusion Long working hours are common among medical personnel and related to the occurrence of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 212-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972314

ABSTRACT

Iontophoresis is a non-invasive physical permeation technology, which has been widely applied in transdermal and transmucosal administration. Compared with other permeation technologies, iontophoresis have the advantages of high efficacy, high patient compliance and controllable delivery dose. With the development of microneedles and nano-carrier technology, the combination of iontophoresis and other penetration promotion technologies has gradually become a research hotspot. The penetration mechanism and influencing factors of iontophoresis, and the study on the combination of iontophoresis with hydrogel, microneedles or nano-carrier were reviewed in this paper.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1120-1125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928032

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of drug registration in China, the classification of Chinese medicine has greatly met the needs of public health and effectively guided the transformation, inheritance, and innovation of research achievements on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). In the past 30 years, the development of new Chinese medicine has followed the registration transformation model of " one prescription for single drug". This model refers to the R&D and registration system of modern drugs, and approximates to the " law-abiding" medication method in TCM clinic, while it rarely reflects the sequential therapy of syndrome differentiation and comprehensive treatment with multiple measures. In 2017, Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Review and Approval System and Encouraging the Innovation of Drugs and Medical Devices released by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to " establish and improve the registration and technical evaluation system in line with the characteristics of Chinese medicine, and handle the relationship between the traditional advantages of Chinese medicine and the requirements of modern drug research". Therefore, based on the development law and characteristics of TCM, clinical thinking should be highlighted in the current technical requirements and registration system of research and development of Chinese medicine. Based on the current situation of registration supervision of Chinese medicine and the modern drug research in China, the present study analyzed limitations and deficiency of " one prescription for single drug" in the research and development of Chinese medicine. Additionally, a new type of " series prescriptions" was proposed, which was consistent with clinical thinking and clinical reality. This study is expected to contribute to the independent innovation and high-quality development of the TCM industry.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Public Health
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 451-456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927406

ABSTRACT

This study sorted out the records of blood-pricking therapy in ancient and modern medical literature, and clarified the origin and development of blood-pricking school. The main stages of the school development included origin and germination stage, the theoretical development stage, the experience accumulation stage, the theoretical innovation and characteristic formation stage, the continuous improvement and maturity stage and the unprecedented development stage. The main academic thoughts included the idea of resolutely eliminating the blood-excess, the idea of completely expelling evil, the idea of simultaneous application of acupuncture-moxibustion and medication and the idea of focusing the use of jing-well point. This school has a far-reaching impact on modern clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Schools
16.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 12-17, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of asiaticoside for fibrosis in lung tissues of rats exposed to silica and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods: 144 SD male rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive drug control group, asiaticoside high-dose group, medium-dose group and low-dose group, each group included 24 rats. Rats in the control group were perfused with 1.0 ml of normal saline, and the other groups were given 1.0 ml 50 mg/ml SiO(2) suspension. Gavage of herbal was given from the next day after model establishment, once a day. Rats in the positive drug control group were administration with 30 mg/kg tetrandrine and rats in the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group were given 20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg and 60 mg/kg asiaticoside for fibrosis respectively. Rats in the control group and the model group were given 0.9% normal saline. The rats were sacrificed in on the 14th, 28th and 56th day after intragastric administration and collect the lung tissues to detect the content of hydroxyproline, TGF-β(1) and IL-18, observe the pathological changes of the lung tissues by HE and Masson staining and determine the expressions of Col-I, a-SMA, TGF-β in lung tissues by Western Blot. Results: On the 14th day, 28th day and 56th day after model establishment, the lung tissues of rats in the model group showed obvious inflammatory response and accumulation of collagen fibers, and the degree of inflammation and fibrosis increased with time. The intervention of asiaticoside could effectively inhibit the pathological changes of lung tissues. The contents of hydroxyproline, IL-18 and TGF-β1 in lung tissues of model group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) , while the level of hydroxyproline, IL-18 and TGF-β1 in asiaticoside groups were significantly decreased, and the difference was statistically signicant (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Col-I, TGF-β1and α-SMA in lung tissue of model group were increased (P<0.05) , while the expression level of Col-I, TGF-β1 and α-SMA were decreased after the intervention of asiaticoside, and the difference was statistically signicant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Asiaticoside can inhibit the increase of Col-I, TGF-β1 and α-SMA content in the SiO(2)-induced lung tissues of rats, reduce the release of TGF-β1 and IL-18 inflammatory factors in lung tissue, and then inhibit the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix in rat lung tissue, and improve silicosis fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dust , Lung , Pulmonary Fibrosis/metabolism , Silicon Dioxide/adverse effects , Silicosis/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 696-701, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935446

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the non/hypo-response to hepatitis B vaccination in HIV-infected patients, identify the influencing factors and provide evidence for the development of hepatitis B prevention and control strategies and measures for special population. Methods: On the basis of the randomized controlled trial of 20 µg hepatitis B vaccine immunization at 0-1-6 month, 0-1-2-6 month and 60 µg hepatitis B vaccine immunization at 0-1-2-6 month, the HIV-infected patients who completed one-month follow-up after the full course vaccination were selected as study subjects. Quantification of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) in serum samples was performed by using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) and demographic characteristics, disease history, HIV infection and treatment status of the study subjects were collected. Statistical analysis was conducted by χ2 test, t test, unconditional logistic regression and interaction analyses. Results: The non/hypo-response rates to hepatitis B vaccination were 34.65% (35/101), 24.49% (24/98) and 10.99% (10/91) in 20 µg group at 0-1-6 month or 0-1-2-6 month and 60 µg group at 0-1-2-6 month (P<0.001), respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that after controlling for confounding factors, the risk for non/hypo-response was 0.22 times higher in HIV-infected patients receiving 60 µg hepatitis B vaccine at 0-1-2-6 month than in patients receiving 20 µg hepatitis B vaccine at 0-1-6 month (95%CI: 0.10-0.50), the risk for non/hypo-response was higher in men than in women (OR=3.65, 95%CI: 1.88-7.07), and the risk for non/hypo-response was 2.64 times higher in those without hepatitis B vaccination history than in those with hepatitis B vaccination history (95%CI: 1.10-6.32). Moreover, there were multiplicative interactions between immunization schedule and gender (OR=2.49, 95%CI: 1.24-5.00). Conclusion: The non/hypo-response rate to hepatitis B vaccination was significantly lower in HIV-infected patients receiving 60 µg hepatitis B vaccine at 0-1-2-6 month than in those receiving 20 µg hepatitis B vaccine at 0-1-6 month and 0-1-2-6 month. Gender, vaccination schedule and history of hepatitis B vaccination were the influencing factors of the non/hypo-response to hepatitis B vaccination. There was a multiplicative interaction between vaccination schedule and gender, and men receiving 20 µg hepatitis B vaccines had a higher risk for non/hypo-response to hepatitis B vaccination.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Follow-Up Studies , HIV Infections/immunology , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B Vaccines/administration & dosage , Immunization Schedule
18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 367-375, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of texture analysis of MRI diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) for neonatal hypoglycemic encephalopathy (HE).Methods:The clinical data and MRI data of 119 patients with neonatal HE admitted to Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from July 2013 to September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The children were followed up to 7—8 months and scored by Bayley scales of infant and toddler development. According to the overall development index, the children were divided into three groups: normal group (≥85, group A, n=42), mild developmental retardation group (70-84, group B, n=46) and developmental retardation group (≤69, group C, n= 31). The whole brain region (except sulcus and cisterna) was delineated as region of interest (ROI) by LIFEx 3.4 software in MRI apparent diffusion coefficient images. A total of 37 parameters were calculated automatically by the software, The clinical data, including gender, gestational age, age at MRI scan, birth weight, mode of delivery, history of asphyxia at birth, maternal preeclampsia or diabetes, minimum blood glucose, duration of hypoglycemia, neonatal behavioral neurological assessment (NBNA), presence or absence of polycythemia); the texture parameters, including histogram, volume, gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), gray level run length matrix (GLRLM), neighborhood gray tone difference matrix (NGTDM), gray level size zone matrix (GLSZM), in the three groups were analyzed; and the diagnostic efficacy of clinical parameters and texture parameters was analyzed. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze statistically significant clinical parameters and texture parameters, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the prognostic efficacy of these parameter for neonatal HE. Results:There were no significant differences in gender, gestational age, age at MRI scan, delivery mode and blood glucose minimum among the three groups ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in birth weight [(3 150±130)g, (3 020±220)g, (2 880±140)g, F=-0.31, P=0.015], history of suffocation (10 cases, 18 cases, 20 cases, P=0.001), history of maternal diabetes or preeclampsia (14 cases, 29 cases, 21 cases, P=0.002), blood glucose duration [(5.0±0.2)d, (8.0±0.4)d, (14.0±1.7)d, F=-3.09, P=0.030] and NBNA scores (32.0±3.2, 28.0±2.6, 22.0±1.9, F=-4.21, P=0.010) among three groups. There were significant differences in kurtosis and entropy of histogram (2.57±1.12, 3.66±0.98, 4.23±0.37, F=3.54, P=0.010;5.89±1.09, 7.67±2.12, 8.92±1.62, F=-4.42, P=0.020); energy, contrast and dissimilarity of GLCM (0.48±0.01, 0.36±0.02, 0.23±0.01, F=-3.12, P=0.001;2 419±21, 3 354±31, 4 313±26, F=-4.16, P=0.020;126±14, 153±23, 344±43, F=-3.50, P<0.001); long run emphasis of GLRLM (0.78±0.15, 1.12±0.12, 1.76±0.31, F=-4.13, P=0.006), run length non-uniformity and run percentage (71.7±13.9, 96.6±10.7, 104.1±13.5, F=-0.98, P=0.001;0.91±0.05, 0.84±0.21, 0.72±0.17, F=2.97, P=0.010); coarseness and busyness of NGTDM [0.09±0.01, 0.13±0.03, 0.26±0.07, F=-1.95, P=0.003;0.16(0.04, 4.14), 0.32(0.05, 9.84), 0.45(0.15, 10.14), H=-3.24, P=0.030], short-zone emphasis and short-zone high gray length emphasis of GLSZM (4.74±0.45, 3.44±1.03, 1.88±0.67, F=-3.14, P=0.040; 278 963±239, 164 607±544, 111 653±618, F=-3.84, P=0.001) among three groups. Multivariate Logistic regression showed that duration of hypoglycemia, NBNA score, energy, kurtosis, run percentage and short zone effect were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of neonatal HE ( OR=7.43, 4.09, 1.10, 2.11, 1.36, 1.68, P=0.002, 0.027, 0.001, 0.006, 0.007, 0.010, respectively). ROC curve showed that for combined hypoglycemic duration, NBNA and texture parameters, the area under the curve (AUC) was the highest (AUC=0.94, P<0.001). Conclusion:Texture analysis of the MRI diffusion weighted imaging can predict the prognosis of neonatal hypoglycemic encephalopathy at an early stage, which has better prediction efficiency when combined with clinical features.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 589-593, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932711

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced brain injury (RBI) is one of the complications after radiotherapy for head and neck malignant tumors, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. The pathophysiological mechanism of RBI is not completely clear. Current studies suggest that it is involved in a variety of cells in the central nervous system (CNS), whereas astrocyte, as the largest number of glial cells in the CNS, plays an important role in maintaining the CNS homeostasis and responding to CNS injury. In this article, the role of astrocytes in RBI was reviewed.

20.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1201-1206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964215

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the epidemiological characteristics of deaths due to pneumoconiosis and its complications in order to improve the prevention and management of pneumoconiosis. MethodsThe pneumoconiosis deaths who died during 1959‒2019 in Chongming District of Shanghai were investigated and analyzed retrospectively by the descriptive epidemiological methods. The correlation of the age of onset and the course of disease was analyzed by Spearman rank correlation,as well as the duration of dust exposure and the course of disease in pneumoconiosis patients. ResultsFrom 1959 to 2019, there were 226 pneumoconiosis deaths, 223 males (98.67%). The mortality of silicosis was the highest (82.07%). The age of onset of pneumoconiosis was negatively correlated with the course of disease (rs=-0.596,P<0.001).There was no correlation between the duration of dust exposure and the course of disease in pneumoconiosis patients (rs=-0.107,P=0.109).There were statistically significant differences in mortality among groups in different types and stages of pneumoconiosis(χ2=59.250,27.666,both P<0.05). The mortality increased with the increase of stage of pneumoconiosis. The mortality of pneumoconiosis was significantly different in 1959‒1979, 1980‒1989, 1990‒1999, 2000‒2009 and 2010‒2019 (χ2=29.750, P<0.05). The top three causes of death in pneumoconiosis cases were respiratory diseases, malignant tumor and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.ConclusionIt is suggested to further strengthen the health monitoring and management of pneumoconiosis patients,control lung and chronic respiratory diseases to delay the life expectancy and improve quality of life of pneumoconiosis patients.

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