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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 344-351, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013589

ABSTRACT

Aim To predict and validate the mechanism of wenshen xuanbi tang(WSXBT) in treatment of osteoporosis (OP) based on network pharmacology, molecular docking techniques and in vivo experimental techniques. Methods Network pharmacology was used to screen the key ingredients and core targets of WSXBT for the treatment of osteoporosis. Metascape database was used for gene ontology (GO) biological process enrichment analysis and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analysis of core targets. AutoDockTools 1. 5. 7 software was applied in molecular docking to simulate the binding activity of key active ingredients to core targets. To study the efficacy of WSXBT on rats with osteoporosis and to verify the related targets and pathways, rat models of osteoporosis were established by excising the bilateral ovaries of rats. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum OPG, PINP and RANKL content. Biomechanical tester was applied to test the biomechanics of rat femurs. Micro-CT was applied to detect the femoral bone density. Then, Western blot was employed to measure the protein expression levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt). Results A total of 156 active ingredients of WSXBT were screened, involving 229 potential targets, 23 core targets and 145 signaling pathways. The molecular docking results showed that five key ingredients, including quercetin, kaempferol, naringenin, isobavachin and licochalcone a, possessed good binding ability to the core targets of PIK3R1 and AKT1. The results of in vivo experiments showed that WSXBT could significantly increase bone density, improve bone tissue microstructure, enhance femur biomechanics and increase PINP expression and OPG/RANKL ratio in rats with osteoporosis. Results of WB showed that WSXBT significantly increased p-PI3K/PI3K and p-Akt/Akt ratios. Conclusions WSXBT could improve bone mineral density in postmenopausal osteoporotic rats through PI3K/ Akt signaling pathway and increasing OPG/RANKL ratio.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3118-3123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981442

ABSTRACT

Poria(Fu Ling) is a bulk traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)with a long history and complex varieties. The royal medical records of the Qing Dynasty include multiple medicinal materials of Fu Ling, such as Bai Fu Ling(white Poria), Chi Fu Ling(rubra Poria), and Zhu Fu Ling(Poria processed with cinnabaris). The Palace Museum preserves 6 kinds of specimens including Fu Ling Ge(dried Poria), Bai Fu Ling, Chi Fu Ling, Zhu Fu Ling, Bai Fu Shen(white Poria cum Radix Pini), and Fu Shen Mu(Poria cum Radix Pini). After trait identification and textual research, we found that Fu Ling Ge was an intact sclerotium, which was processed into Fu Ling Pi(Poriae Cutis), Bai Fu Ling and other medicinal materials in the Palace. The Fu Ling in the Qing Dynasty Pa-lace was mainly from the tribute paid of the officials in Yunnan-Guizhou region. The tribute situation was stable in the whole Qing Dynasty, and changed in the late Qing Dynasty. The cultural relics of Fu Ling in the Qing Dynasty Palace confirm with the archival documents such as the royal medical records and herbal medicine books, providing precious historical materials for understanding Fu Ling in the Qing Dynasty and a basis for the restoration of the processing of the Fu Ling in the Qing Dynasty Palace.


Subject(s)
Animals , Poria , China , Books , Coleoptera , Medical Records , Wolfiporia
3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 51-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969294

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the efficacy between the Mycob.T scanner system and manual microscopy for detecting acid-fast bacilli in sputum specimens. MethodsBetween January and November 2020, a total of 1 519 sputum samples from suspected primary tuberculosis patients from 5 designated tuberculosis hospitals in Shanghai were examined by Smear and BACTEC MGIT 960 liquid culture (liquid culture) methods. Each specimen was subiected to 2 direct smear slides. One slide was stained by Z-N method and examined with manual microscopic method. Another slide was stained and scanned by the Mycob.T system. The efficacy of manual microscopy and the Mycob.T scanner system for detecting acid-fast bacilli in sputum specimens was compared based on the result of liquid culture. Results of the repetitive scanning by the Mycob.T scanner system and the recheck of the manual microscopy were analyzed. ResultsThe average positive rate by the Mycob.T scanner system was 14.4% (219/1 519) while the average positive rate by manual microscopy was 16.3% (248/1 519). No significant difference was observed (χ2=2.13, P=0.145). Based on liquid culture confirmation results, the sensitivity of manual microscopy (60.36%) was higher than that of the Mycob.T scanner system (52.94%), and the difference is statistically significant (χ2=4.38, P=0.036). Both methods had high specificity (98.94%). The concordance of the Mycob.T scanner system and manual microscopy was 95.46%, with the kappa value of 0.826. The results of repeatability test of the Mycob.T scanner system and the recheck results of the manual microscopy showed that the coincidence rate of scanning by the Mycob.T scanner system was 99.5% (436/438), and the recheck coincidence rate by the manual microscopy was 98.6% (432/438). ConclusionThe Mycob.T scanner system have high specificity for detecting acid-fast bacilli in sputum samples and good consistency with the results of manual microscopy. Compared with manual microscopic examination, the Mycob.T scanner system can greatly alleviate the work intensity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 649-656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical outcomes between anatomical locking plate, proximal humerus internal locking system (PHILOS) and anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchors in the treatment of comminuted fractures of humeral greater tuberosity.Methods:A total of 33 comminuted fractures of humeral greater tuberosity were surgically treated from October 2016 to October 2021 at Department of Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University. There were 20 males and 13 females, with an age of (53.5±13.6) years. They were assigned into 3 groups according to different internal fixation techniques. Group A of 12 cases was subjected to fixation with anatomical locking plate via the deltoid approach, group B of 10 cases subjected to fixation with PHILOS via the pectoralis major and the deltoid approaches and group C of 11 cases subjected to fixation with anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchors via the deltoid approach. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, range of shoulder motion, Constant-Murley shoulder score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and postoperative complications were compared between the 3 groups.Results:The 3 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the general clinical data ( P>0.05). The follow-up duration for all patients was (14.5±4.1) months. All fractures got united at the last follow-up. In groups A, B and C, respectively, the operation time was (57.9±7.8), (73.0±7.1) and (63.6±9.5) min, and the intraoperative blood loss (41.7±18.9), (82.0±22.9) and (46.4±13.6) mL, showing significant differences between the 3 groups ( P<0.05). The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in groups A and C were significantly less than those in group B ( P< 0.05). At the last follow-up, in groups A, B and C, respectively, the shoulder abduction was 144.0°±7.7°, 138.7°±10.7° and 148.5°±6.2°, showing significant differences between the 3 groups ( P<0.05). Group C was significantly better than group B ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the forward flexion, external rotation, or internal rotation of the shoulder joint between the 3 groups ( P>0.05). The Constant-Murley scores in groups A, B and C, respectively, were (90.4±5.7), (86.1±6.6) and (93.1±3.4) points, showing significant differences between the 3 groups ( P<0.05). Group C was significantly better than group B ( P<0.05). The VAS scores in groups A, B and C, respectively, were 1 (0, 2), 1 (0, 2), and 1 (0, 1) point, showing insignificant differences between the 3 groups ( P>0.05). Group A had 1 case of shoulder joint stiffness and 1 case of fracture re-displacement complicated with acromial impingement syndrome, group B 1 case of shoulder joint stiffness and 3 cases of fracture re-displacement, but group C no post-operative complication. Conclusions:In the treatment of comminuted fracture of humeral greater tuberosity, all the 3 internal fixation techniques can lead to fine clinical outcomes. Conventional PHILOS may lead to relatively large trauma and a high incidence of postoperative complications. The anatomical locking plate may result in fine functional recovery of the shoulder due to advantages of less invasion, shorter operation time and fewer postoperative complications than PHILOS. The anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchors may lead to the best shoulder functional recovery and the least complications.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 697-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976106

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - - To prepare the GDH 5 air sampling tube for simultaneous collection of eight kinds of chloro nitrobenzene ( ) , compounds CNBs in the air of workplace and establish a matching determination method using gas chromatography. Methods - - , Eight kinds of CNBs in vapor and aerosol state were collected by self developed GDH 5 air sampling tube desorbed , , , by toluene separated by polysiloxane gas chromatography column detected by microcell electron capture detector and Results - ( - quantified by external standard method. It was determined that the air sampling tube was assembled by XAD 2 ion ) - , exchange resin and glass fiber filter membrane. The linear range of CNBs was 0.80 240.00 mg/L and the linear correlation - - coefficients were greater than 0.999 9. The detection limit was 7.87 13.03 μg/L. The minimum detectable concentration was 0.60 3, - 3( ) 1.33 μg/m and the minimum quantitative concentration was 2.00 4.22 μg/m sample 45.00 L . The average desorption - - (RSD) - , - RSD efficiency was 101.2% 110.0%. The within run relative standard deviation was 0.8% 4.1% and the between run - Conclusion - was 0.3% 5.8%. The samples could be stored for more than 30 days at room temperature. GDH 5 air sampling tube and its associated determination method can be used for the collection and determination of eight kinds of CNBs in workplace air.

6.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1101-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974099

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To collect the cases of laboratory-acquired infections (LAI) reported in literatures in China, summarize the infection routes and causes of LAI in China, in order to improve laboratory staff's understanding of its occupational health and safety risks. Methods The cases of laboratory-acquired infection reported in domestic literatures were collected from PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang Database, CBM China Biomedical Literature Database up to April 11, 2022, retrospectively analyze the number and causes of LAI reports, the main risk factors of LAI and its harm to society, the consequences of LAI or the leakage of pathogenic microorganisms, and put forward the relevant countermeasures of biological safety. Results A total of 22 LAI reports were collected, reviewed and integrated into 21 reports. There were 7 kinds of pathogenic microorganisms. The main pathogenic microorganisms were hantavirus (42.86%, n=9) and Brucella (33.33%, n=7). There were 122 cases and 3 deaths in the laboratory. Most of the reports came from research laboratories (66.67%, n=14). The main route of infection was inhalation of aerosol (42.86%, n=9), followed by transdermal route (38.09%, n=8). Conclusions Failure to report LAI events will increase the risk of pathogenic microorganisms spreading to people outside the laboratory and the environment through infected laboratory staff. Local health institutions and laboratories should be encouraged to report LAI cases as a powerful tool for monitoring accidental leakage of pathogenic microorganisms and further improving laboratory biosafety. The laboratory needs strong biosafety measures to protect staff's health and prevent environmental pollution caused by accidental leakage of pathogenic microorganisms.

7.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 866-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980032

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective  To investigate the population densities composition and seasonal change of mosquitoes, and resistance of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus and Aedes albopictus several commonly used insecticides in Zigong, so as to provide a theoretical basis for guiding the scientific rational selection and use of chemical insecticides, as well as the prevention and control of mosquito-borne diseases. Methods The surveillance data on mosquitoes by traps were collected from 2018 to 2020 in Zigong. The wild Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus and Aedes albopictus were collected throughout the city and reared to F1 generation in lab. The resistance of adult Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus and Aedes albopictus to these commonly insecticides was detected by contact tube method recommended. The statistical analysis on the monitoring results was used by Excel 2010. Results The annual average mosquito densities of monitoring sites were 1.11, 10.71, and 4.81 mosquitoes/(lamp·h), respectively from 2018 to 2020. The seasonal density of mosquitoes showed a single peak curve distribution throughout the year from 2018 to 2020 in Zigong, with the highest in July. There were obvious differences in mosquito density between different habitats, with the highest density of mosquitoes in barn. The 24 h mortality of Aedes albopictus and Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus to beta-cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, deltamethrin, permethrin, malathion, fenitrothion, chlorpyrifos, propoxur, and bendiocarb were 70.71% and 3.85%, 26.53% and 1.68%, 19.79% and 1.94%, 40.80% and 0.81%, 97.98% and 3.85%, 100.00% and 7.52%, 100.00% and 66.34%, 96.15% and 33.60%, 100.00% and 71.43%, respectively. The adult Aedes albopictus larvae in Zigong was sensitive to fenitrothion, chlorpyrifos, bendiocarb, showed resistance to beta-cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, deltamethrin, permethrin, and showed resistance dubiously to malathion and propoxur. The adult Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus larvae in Zigong have developed certain resistance to these commonly insecticides. Conclusion Both Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus and Aedes albopictus had high resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, which suggested that we should strengthen the patriotic hygiene campaigns, reduce pyrethroid insecticides, use alternately different types of insecticides for delay the development of resistance and better mosquito prevention and control.

8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 258-262, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984118

ABSTRACT

Exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are miRNAs that are mediated by exosomes to achieve cell-to-cell communication, and they are widespread in organisms. In recent years, the key role of the multiple biological functions of exosomal miRNAs in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases has been confirmed by a large number of studies, which has become a hot spot in clinical and basic research. Sudden cardiac death caused by cardiovascular disease is one of the important contents in forensic medical identification. This article introduces the research progress of cardiovascular disease prediction, treatment and prognosis on exosomal miRNA. The prospects of the application in forensic medical identification are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Exosomes/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1057-1066, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992551

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly will seriously reduce their quality of life and life expectancy. For osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, spinal reconstruction is necessary, which should comprehensively consider factors such as the physical condition, fracture type, clinical characteristics and osteoporosis degree. While there lacks relevant clinical norms or guidelines on selection of spinal reconstruction strategies. In order to standardize the concept of spinal reconstruction for osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, based on the principles of scientificity, practicality and progressiveness, the authors formulated the Clinical guideline for spinal reconstruction of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in elderly patients ( version 2022), in which suggestions based on evidence of evidence-based medicine were put forward upon 10 important issues related to the fracture classification, non-operative treatment strategies and surgical treatment strategies in spinal reconstruction after osteoporosis thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, hoping to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 345-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors that may affect the stabilization of dorsal intra-articular fragment in distal radius fracture after volar internal fixation.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the patients with distal radius fracture who had been treated by volar internal fixation at Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from July 2016 to July 2020. After 3D reconstruction of their preoperative CT scans by software Mimics 20.0, 66 patients with a dorsal intra-articular fragment were screened out. They were 31 males and 35 females, aged from 23 to 78 years (average, 53.4 years). By the AO classification, there were 17 case of type C1, 22 cases of type C2, and 27 cases of type C3. The displacement of dorsal intra-articular fragment was judged by X-ray observation on postoperative day 2 and X-ray follow-up at the outpatient department. The 13 patients with displacement of dorsal intra-articular fragment>2 mm were assigned into a displacement group while the other 53 ones into a displacement-free group. The 2 groups were compared in terms of preoperative general data and anatomical data of the dorsal intra-articular fragment (total preoperative displacement, radius-ulnar length, dorsal-volar length, aspect ratio, proximal-distal length and volume) to analyze the correlations between them and displacement.Results:There was no significant difference in preoperative general data (age, gender, affected side, cause of injury or AO classification) between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months (mean, 14 months) after surgery. There were no postoperative complications like neurovascular lesion or infection. None of the patients in the displacement group underwent revision surgery, and the fractures healed successfully during the postoperative follow-up. The total preoperative displacement in the displacement group was(10.0±1.3) mm, significantly larger than that in the displacement-free group [(7.8±1.5) mm]; the radius-ulnar length in the displacement group was (8.2±1.3) mm, significantly shorter than that in the displacement-free group [(10.8±2.3) mm]; the aspect ratio of the fragment in the displacement group was 1.2±0.2, significantly lower than that in the displacement-free group (1.4±0.2); the fragment volume in the displacement group was (690.5± 201.4) mm 3, significantly smaller than that in the displacement-free group [(995.8±295.0) mm 3]. There were significant differences in the above items between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The total preoperative displacement, radius-ulnar length, aspect ratio and volume of a dorsal intra-articular fragment are important factors which may affect the displacement of the dorsal fragment after volar internal fixation.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 460-466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922922

ABSTRACT

Based on the similar structure of adrenaline shared by higenamine (HI), salsolinol (SA) and coryneine (CO), a photochemical colorimetric sensor based on the displacement reaction of o-diphenol hydroxyl group and alizarin red S-phenylboric acid system was constructed to quickly distinguish and identify the cardiac strength of Shengfupian. The results show that the optimal condition of the sensor is: the molar ratio of alizarin red S (ARS) to phenylboric acid (PA) is 1∶3, reaction temperature is 0 ℃; The preparation method of the sample solution is optimized as follows: 2.5 g of Shengfupian powder was taken, 10 times the amount of methanol was added, and 300 W, 40 kHz ultrasound was carried out for 15 min; methodological studies showed that the method had good precision, repeatability and stability. The |△G| value (G is green, |△G| = |G after - G before|) of each sample was obtained by response values determination of 14 batches of Shengfupian. LC-MS/MS was used to determine the contents of three cardiac components in Shengfupian. It was found that the order of the total contents of cardiotonic components was basically consistent with |△G|. Then the correlation was analyzed, and the correlation coefficient R2 was as high as 0.87, which proved the scientificity and accuracy of this method. This study fills the methodological gap of rapid evaluation of the quality of Shengfupian, and provides the key technical support for the high quality and good price of Shengfupian in the market circulation and clinical application.

12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 416-430, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The high morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) have posed great threats to human health. Circular RNA (circRNA) and microRNA (miRNA), acting as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), have been found to play vital roles in carcinogenesis. This paper aims to construct a circRNA/miRNA/mRNA regulatory network so as to explore the molecular mechanism of CRC.@*METHODS@#The sequencing data of circRNA from CRC were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The differential circRNA was screened and its structure was identified by Cancer-specific CircRNA Database (CSCD); the sequencing data of miRNA and messenger RNA (mRNAs) were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the differentially expressed genes were screened; the corresponding miRNA of differential circRNAs were predicted by CircInteractome database; DIANA, Miranda, PicTar, and TargetScan databases were used to predict the target genes of different miRNAs; the target genes from Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were enriched by R language; String database combined with Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and hub genes were screened; the expressions of mRNAs in the Top10 hub genes were verified in CRC. The network diagrams of circRNAs/miRNAs/mRNAs and circRNAs/miRNAs/Top10 hub mRNAs were constructed by Cytoscape3.7.2. Real-time PCR was used to examine the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_0065173, hsa-mir-450b, hsa-mir-582, adenylate cyclase 5 (ADCY5), muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2 (CHRM2), cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1), and lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 (LPAR1) in the CRC tissues and the adjacent normal tissues.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 differential circRNAs were identified, and 8 were found in CSCD; 34 miRNAs targeted by circRNAs were obtained. The PPI network was constructed, and the Top10 hub genes were identified, which were CHRM2, melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 (MCHR2), G-protein gamma 3 subunit (GNG3), neuropeptide Y receptor Y1 (NPY1R), CNR1, LPAR1, ADCY5, adenylate cyclase 2 (ADCY2), gamma 7 (GNG7) and chemokine 12 (CXCL12), respectively. The expressions of Top 10 hub genes were also verified, and the results showed that the Top 10 hub genes were down-regulated in CRC; the constructed network diagram showed that hsa_circRNA_0065173 may regulate ADCY5, CHRM2, and Hsa-mir-450b by modulating hsa-mir-450b and hsa-mir-582. CNR1 and LPAR1 genes might serve as potentially relevant targets for the treatment of CRC. Real-time PCR results showed that the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_0065173, ADCY5, CHRM2, CNR1 and LPAR1 in the CRC tissues were significantly reduced compared with the adjacent normal tissues (all P<0.05); the expression levels of hsa-mir-450b and hsa-miR-582 were significantly increased (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, a potential circRNAs/miRNAs/mRNAs network is successfully constructed, which provides a new insight for CRC development mechanism through ceRNA mediated by circRNAs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 834-839, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore safety and accuracy of novel C@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2018, 40 patients who underwent three-dimensional CT of cervical spine were selected, including 21 males and 19 females, heighted from 165 to 180 cm with an average of (172.9±9.5) cm, aged from 38 to 55 years old (51.1±12.8) years old, excluding patients with axis lamina defect and hypoplasia. Two sets of 3D printed specimens were made from the three-dimensional CT data of cervical spine of each patient, and both of than were used for the in vitro nailing experiment. According to different nail placement methods, in vitro experimental part of this experiment was divided into guide nail placement group and hand nail placement group, 40 pieces in each group. At the same time, the three-dimensionalmodel of cervical spine of 40 patients was reconstructed on computer, and the ideal needle point data and inclination angle were obtained by computer simulation of the nail placement. This is 3D simulation nail placement group, 40 pieces. With vitro experiment, the risk level of screw placement, the position of needle exit point and inclination angle were measured in guide nail group and hand nail group. Based on the accuracy of needle point and inclination angle of nail path, the data of guide nail group, the hand nail group and 3D simulation nail group were compared, and the data of each group were statistically analyzed to determine the accuracy.@*RESULTS@#In guide nail group, 75 screws were acceptable and 5 were dangerous. The acceptable rate was 94%, and the double cortical rate was 93%. There were 62 position-acceptable screws in hand nail group, and 18 positions were dangerous, with an acceptable rate of 78% and a double cortical rate of 33%. The difference between two groups was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The guide is universal, with stable structure, accurate guidance, and easy operation. It could be placed with bilateral lamina screws at the same time, shortening the time of nail placement, avoiding collision of two way cross screws, increase the rate of double cortex. Ultimately, efficiency and security can be improved.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae , Computer Simulation , Spinal Fusion , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 970-973, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988480

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of PKCι, YAP1 and high-risk HPV infection in the local immune microenvironment of cervical cancer. Methods We chose 80 cases of normal tissue of the cervix (NCT), cervical low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and early cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) each. Four groups were collected.The infection rate of high-risk HPV in four groups was determined by real-time fluorescence PCR method. The expression levels of PKCι, YAP1, CD4 and CD8 in four groups were measured and correlated by IHC and clinicopathologic features were also analyzed. Results The differences of high-risk HPV infection rate and PKCι, YAP1, CD4, CD8 positive rate among groups of NCT, LSIL, HSIL and SCC had statistical significance (P < 0.05). The level of cervical lesions was positively associated with high-risk HPV infection and positive PKCι, YAP1, CD8 expression (P < 0.05), while negatively associated with positive CD4 expression (P < 0.05). HPV infection and positive PKCι, YAP1, CD8 expression were positively correlated with each other in SCC, while were all negatively correlated with positive CD4 expression(P < 0.05). The differences of HPV infection, PKCι, YAP1 and CD8 positive expression were significant in different levels of differentiation and vascular invasion of SCC (P < 0.05). Conclusion The patients with cervical lesions are often accompanied by high-risk HPV infection and abnormal expression of PKCι, YAP1, CD4 and CD8, which may have synergistic effects on each other, causing the local immunosuppression microenvironment of SCC. It provides a possible strategy for the study of pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 475-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015955

ABSTRACT

Lysine acetylation has emerged as one of the most important post-translational modifications that participates in various biological and pathological processes. Histone acetyltransferase 1 (HAT1) as the first identified protein ε-amino lysine acetyltransferase is able to regulate the acetylation of histones and non-histone proteins. However‚ the acetylation substrates and sites mediated by HAT1 in liver cancer are poorly understood. In this study‚ we demonstrated that HAT1 was highly expressed in the liver cancer tissues‚ which was negatively associated with the prognosis of patients. Based on the establishment of the HAT1-knockout HepG2 cell line‚ we employed a quantitative proteomics approach to study the profiling of acetylation mediated by HAT1 in HepG2 cells. Interestingly‚ we identified a total of 858 Kac sites on 547 proteins in the HepG2 cell line‚ in which HAT1 mediated the levels of Kac of 74 sites on 68 proteins. The pathways and metabolic processes that were affected by HAT1-dependent acetylation modification were analyzed by bioinformatics. The results show that Kac regulates disease development‚ RNA biology‚ spliceosome and nucleosome assembly‚ oxidative stress‚ various signaling pathways and metabolic pathways‚ etc.. Moreover‚ we verified that the HAT1-mediated acetylation modification could promote abnormal lipid metabolism. CCK8 assays‚ clone formation and Edu assays revealed that HAT1 could remarkably enhance the cell proliferation of liver cancer in vitro. Thus‚ our finding explored the profiling of HAT1-mediated protein acetylation in HepG2 cells‚ which provides new insights into the underlying mechanism by which HAT1 mediates the development of liver cancer. Clinically‚ the HAT1-mediated acetylation sites could be used for the precise targets of drug development.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1197-1204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015876

ABSTRACT

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a primary cause for liver cancer. And the main challenge of curing hepatitis B is the elimination of the stable covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) of the viral genome. The formation of HBV cccDNA requires the filling of single-stranded region and the ligation of nicks in relaxed circular DNA (rcDNA) strands. Previously, our group reported that proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was involved in the formation of HBV cccDNA. However, the underlying mechanism of the conversion of HBV rcDNA to cccDNA is poorly understood. In the present study, we aim to explore the mechanism by which PCNA contributes to the conversion of HBV rcDNA to cccDNA. Our data showed that PCNA was involved in the process of HBV rcDNA repair. The knockout of PCNA by the CRISPR/Cas9 system remarkably blocked the conversion of HBV rcDNA to cccDNA, while the ectopic expression of PCNA could effectively rescue the event (P<0. 001). Knockout of PCNA significantly slowed down the conversion kinetics of HBV rcDNA to cccDNA (P<0. 01). Mechanically, the DNA binding domain of PCNA was required for the process of HBV rcDNA repair to cccDNA (P<0. 01). Thus, we conclude that PCNA confers the conversion of HBV rcDNA to cccDNA by its DNA binding domain. Clinically, PCNA might serve as a novel target for antiviral therapy.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 364-367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of systemic inflammatory score (SIS) in prognostic assessment of patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).Methods:The clinical data of 130 patients with unresectable mCRC in Affiliated Haikou Hospital of Xiangya Medical College of Central South University from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between SIS and clinicopathological characteristics of unresectable mCRC patients was also analyzed. The survival analysis was made by using Kaplan-Meier. The risk factors affecting the prognosis of unresectable mCRC patients were analyzed by using Cox regression model to make univariate and multivariate analysis.Results:According to SIS results, patients were divided into 0-score group (40 cases), 1-score group (58 cases), and 2-score group (32 cases). There were no significant differences in different SIS constitution patients stratified by age, gender, primary tumor location, functional status score, tissue type, RAS gene status, number of metastatic organs, peritoneal spread and molecular targeted therapy (all P > 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 5-year overall survival rates of SIS 0-score, 1-score and 2-score group were 37.5%, 19.0%, 6.3%, respectively; and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.152, P<0.01). Cox regression survival analysis showed that female, primary tumor location in right side and SIS (scores of 1-2) were independent risk factors for overall survival in patients with unresectable mCRC (all P<0.05). Conclusion:SIS may be an important indicator for prognostic assessment of patients with unresectable mCRC, and patients with high SIS have poor prognosis.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 179-183, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of classification and grading of ovarian serous tumors (OST) and the correlation of classification and grading with expressions of p53 and Ki-67 proteins, so as to provide a basis for accurate diagnosis and reasonable treatment of OST.Methods:A total of 100 paraffin-embedded ovarian tissues were collected from Haikou Affiliated Hospital of Central South University Xiangya School of Medicine from January 2012 to November 2017. The classification and grading of OST was based on the World Health Organization (WHO) ovarian tumor tissue classification, the work conference on borderline ovarian tumors which was held in August 2013 in Maryland, United States, and the two-level tissue classification system of the United States MD Anderson Cancer Center. The 100 cases of ovarian tissues included 10 cases of normal ovarian tissues (NOT), 12 cases of ovarian serous cystadenoma (OSA), 18 cases of ovarian serous borderline tumor (OSBT), 22 cases of low-grade serous carcinoma (LGSC), and 38 cases of high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC). The expressions of p53 and Ki-67 proteins in paraffin-embedded tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. The clinical characteristics of patients with different types of OST and their relationships with the expression of p53 protein and Ki-67 positive index were analyzed.Results:Among OSBT, LGSC and HGSC groups, the proportion of patients with onset age > 50 years old [38.9% (7/18), 45.5% (10/22), 73.7% (28/38)], poor differentiation [0 (0/18), 0 (0/22), 100.0% (38/38)], stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ [5.6% (1/18), 27.3% (6/22), 39.5% (15/38)] increased sequentially, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Among NOT, OSA, OSBT, LGSC and HGSC groups, there were significant differences in the positive rate of p53 protein [20.0% (2/10), 25.0% (3/12), 27.8% (5/18), 31.8% (7/22), 57.9% (22/38)] and Ki-67 positive index [(10.40±0.00)%, (31.49±6.53)%, (42.81±6.84)%, (74.29±6.54)%, (77.04±8.88)%] (all P < 0.05). In the patients with ovarian serous carcinoma (LGSC + HGSC), there was no significant difference in the positive rate of p53 protein and Ki-67 positive index between the onset age ≤ 50 years old and > 50 years old groups (both P > 0.05), but there were significant differences between the patients with different tissue differentiation grade, clinical stage and metastasis (all P < 0.05). There was significant difference in Ki-67 positive index among NOT, OSA, OSBT, LGSC and HGSC patients with positive expression of p53 protein ( P < 0.01). Conclusions:The classification and grading of OST is related to onset age, tissue differentiation and clinical stage, which can be used to guide treatment and judge prognosis. The positive rate of p53 protein and Ki-67 positive index increase with advancing grade of breast lesions, which may be related to the occurrence and development of OST.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 368-375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the coronal bone structure matching of distal radius in normal population and some patients with postoperative distal radius fracture, and to explore the clinical significance of coronal bone structure reduction of distal radius fracture.Methods:CT scans of 80 asymptomatic wrists were performed. Mimics 20.0 and 3-Matic research software were used to measure the matching data of coronal bone structure of the distal radius. Total of 44 patients with distal radius fractures treated with open reduction and volar plate fixation were collected. According to the data coronal bone structure of the distal radius, the matching group was in the normal range, and the mismatching group was less than the normal range. X-ray films were used to evaluate fracture healing, humeral height, ulnar angle and palm tilt angle at 3 months and 12 months after operation. The clinical indexes of wrist pain, wrist function, grip strength and activity were recorded in 2 groups. The DASH score was used for evaluation, and statistical comparisons was made between the two groups of related indicators.Results:The coronal bone structure matching value of the distal radius in 80 normal adults was 45.0%±16.2%. All the 44 patients with distal radius fracture were followed up for an average of 16 months. The postoperative wound healing was good, and the bone healing standard was reached 3 months after the operation. 3 months after surgery, radius height, ulnar deviation angle and palmar inclination angle of the mismatched group were all smaller than those of the matched group, but the differences had no statistical significance. The pronation angle in the mismatched group (68.82°±11.62°) was lower than that in the matched group (76.91°±9.14°), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.567, P=0.014). The DASH score in the mismatched group (15.53±2.36) was higher than that in the matched group (13.62±2.52), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.591, P=0.013). 12 months after surgery, the VAS score of the matched group (2.08±2.95) was less than that of the mismatched group (2.95±1.24), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.348, P=0.024). There was no significant difference in wrist range of motion, grip strength and DASH score between the two groups. Conclusion:The coronal bone structure matching of distal radius is about 45.0% in normal population. Early wrist dysfunction, limited pronation, and wrist pain may occur when the postoperative matching degree of the distal radius fracture is not within the normal range.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2306-2315, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921140

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Existing clinical prediction models for in vitro fertilization are based on the fresh oocyte cycle, and there is no prediction model to evaluate the probability of successful thawing of cryopreserved mature oocytes. This research aims to identify and study the characteristics of pre-oocyte-retrieval patients that can affect the pregnancy outcomes of emergency oocyte freeze-thaw cycles.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from the Reproductive Center, Peking University Third Hospital of China. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to derive the nomogram. Nomogram model performance was assessed by examining the discrimination and calibration in the development and validation cohorts. Discriminatory ability was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), and calibration was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test and calibration plots.@*RESULTS@#The predictors in the model of "no transferable embryo cycles" are female age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.099, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.003-1.205, P = 0.0440), duration of infertility (OR = 1.140, 95% CI = 1.018-1.276, P = 0.0240), basal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level (OR = 1.205, 95% CI = 1.051-1.382, P = 0.0084), basal estradiol (E2) level (OR = 1.006, 95% CI = 1.001-1.010, P = 0.0120), and sperm from microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MESA) (OR = 7.741, 95% CI = 2.905-20.632, P 10 mm on the day of hCG administration.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Nomograms , Oocytes , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
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