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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923032

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of CYP3A5 and MDR1 gene polymorphisms on blood concentration of tacrolimus and creatinine level in uremic patients during the early phase after kidney transplantation in real clinical practice. Methods 131 patients who underwent kidney transplantation for the first time with triple immunotherapy based on tacrolimus in single-center from 2013 to 2017 were enrolled for retrospective study. Tacrolimus daily dose, blood concentration, blood concentration-to-dose ratio, and serum level were compared according to the various genotypes of CYP3A5 and MDR1 polymorphisms in renal transplantation recipients, respectively. Results The dosage of tacrolimus in CYP3A5*3/*3 (GG) kidney transplantation recipients within 4 weeks after kidney transplantation was lower than those of CYP3A5*1/*1 (AA) and CYP3A5*1/*3 (AG). The serum creatinine levels of patients whose tacrolimus concentration in the range of 10-13 ng/ml were close to the normal value. Conclusion CYP3A5 gene polymorphism affects the blood concentrations of tacrolimus in renal transplant recipients. No association has been found between the blood concentrations of tacrolimus and MDR1 gene polymorphism. Tacrolimus concentration in the range of 10-13 ng/ml might contribute to restore the early kidney graft function.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 775-782, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922890

ABSTRACT

To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) for the determination of Aster souliei Franch., the relative correction factors (fx) of neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, rutin, isoquercitrin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, quercetin, apigenin and kaempferol were established by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with chlorogenic acid as internal reference. Meanwhile, the content of each component was determined by the external standard method (ESM) and QAMS, and a linear regression model was established to verify the feasibility and accuracy of the QAMS. Hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) and orthogonal partial least square discriminate analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to evaluate the quality of 23 batches of A. souliei. The results showed that the repeatability of each fx was good. The average content of neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, rutin, isoquercitrin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, quercetin, apigenin and kaempferol in 23 batches of A. souliei by QAMS was 0.165, 0.234, 6.115, 0.478, 0.484, 3.359, 1.382, 0.210, 0.172, and 0.057 mg·g-1, respectively. The mean content determined by the ESM method was 0.163, 0.235, 6.172, 0.479, 0.483, 3.343, 1.413, 0.207, 0.171, and 0.056 mg·g-1. The results of HCA and OPLS-DA analysis show that 23 batches of A. souliei can be divided into two groups based on caffeic acid content. The content of the first group was between 0.873 to 5.647 mg·g-1, while the second was between 8.524 to 16.705 mg·g-1. This QAMS method can be used to simply and quickly evaluate the quality A. souliei.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 251-255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920609

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of major family structure changes on depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of college students, and to provide theoretical basis for mental health promotion and prevention.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 9 779 college students from 6 universities, including Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Shangrao Normal University, Gannan Normal University, Fujian Polytechnic Normal University, and Changjiang University, by using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 Items (DASS 21).@*Results@#The prevalence rates of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among college students were 27.4%, 42.0% and 17.4%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that family structure was associated with anxiety and stress symptoms ( χ 2=8.40,13.08, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that specific family structure other than single or two parent family was positively correlated with anxiety( OR =1.89,95% CI =1.05- 3.42 ) and stress symptoms ( OR =2.48, 95% CI =1.36-4.50), family structure changes due to parental divorce was positively correlated with stress symptoms ( OR =1.53,95% CI =1.05-2.20)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The occurrence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of college students is related to the type of family structure and the changing factors. Colleges should pay more attention to the mental condition of college students with family structure changes, and deliver various mental health promotion services including psychological counseling and health education.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876856

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the protective effect of Shengxian decoction and the single herb decoction against myocardial injury induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation. Methods The H9c2 cells were cultured to establish hypoxia/reoxygenation model. Rats were divided into 8 groups: normal control group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group (model group) and treated groups (Shengxian decoction and the single herb decoction). The apoptotic rate of cardiomyocytes, the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and intracellular calcium concentration (Ca2+) were measured. Results Compared with hypoxia/reoxygenation group, the apoptosis rate, ROS activity and intracellular Ca2+ concentration were significantly lower in all treated groups (P<0.05). The ROS activity and intracellular Ca2+ concentration was decreased by 41.37% and 15.20% in Shengxian decoction group compared to the model group. Conclusion Shengxian decoction and the single herb decoction had protective effect on myocardial injury induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876713

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the new schistosomiasis surveillance program and consolidating schistosomiasis elimination achievements. Methods A total of 54 to 55 national surveillance sites and 6 risk monitoring sites were assigned in historical endemic regions of Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, where the Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans, livestock, snails and wild feces were monitored. All data pertaining to the surveillance results were descriptively analyzed. Results There were 34 530 person-time local residents receiving serological screening for S. japonicum infections in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections were 0.29% to 0.68%; however, no egg-positives were detected. During the period from 2015 to 2019, there were 62 086 person-time mobile populations receiving serological screening for S. japonicum infections in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections were 0.32% to 0.56%; additionally, there were 27 egg-positives identified, including 3 imported cases with schistosomiasis haematobia and one case with acute schistosomiasis japonica, indicating that the adjusted prevalence of Schistosoma infections were 0.01% to 0.07% among mobile populations. A total of 829 livestock were examined for S. japonicum infections, with no positives detected. There were 10.55 hm2 and 2.89 hm2 snail habitats found in national surveillance sites and risk monitoring sites of Zhejiang Province during the 5-year period, respectively; however, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails. Moreover, a total of 305 wild feces were tested for S. japonicum infections, and no egg-positives were identified. Conclusions The schistosomiasis elimination achievement have been consolidated in Zhejiang Province; however, the risk factors of re-emerging schistosomiasis have not been completely eliminated, such as residual snails and imported schistosomiasis cases. Further surveillance and control activities of snails and the source of S. japonicum infections should be reinforced.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876711

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency of a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay for the detection of Schistosoma japonicum infections in Oncomelania hupensis snails. Methods A group test was employed. Fifty Oncomelania snails were collected as a detection sample. The detection samples without infected snails were designated as negative specimens, while the detection samples that contained different numbers of infected snails were designated as positive specimens. A total of 10 negative specimens, 10 positive specimens containing 1 infected snail, 20 positive specimens containing 2 infected snails and 10 positive specimens containing 3 infected snails were assigned. Following random grouping, 40 specimens were subject to the florescent RAA assay using a blind method. The miradium shedding method served as a gold standard, and the sensitivity, specificity, Youden’s index and coincidence rate of the florescent RAA assay were estimated. In addition, 20 samples consisted of 5 negative specimens and 15 positive specimens with 1, 2 and 3 infected snails respectively were grouped randomly. The same specimens were detected using the crushing method and fluorescent RAA assay with the blind method in a paired-design manner. Then, the test results were compared and analyzed. Results Florescent RAA assay detected 29 positives in the 30 specimens containing different numbers of infected snails, with a sensitivity of 96.67%, and 8 negatives in the 10 detection specimens without infected snails, with a specificity of 80.00%, showing a Youden’s index of 0.77. The coincidence rate was 100% among 10 repeated assays for a detection specimen. In addition, there was no significant difference in the detection of infected snails between the florescent RAA assay and the crushing method (χ2 = 0, P > 0.05), and the actual coincidence rates of the florescent RAA assay and crushing method were 95.00% (19/20) and 90.00% (18/20) with the real results, respectively. Conclusion Fluorescent RAA assay has a favorable efficiency for the detection of S. japonicum infections in Oncomelania snails, which shows a potential in screening of S. japonicum-infected Oncomelania snails.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913072

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge among people going to Africa in Taizhou City, to provide insights into the development of control measures for imported schistosomiasis. Methods During the period from July to October, 2019, a face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among people that had gone to African countries between 2015 and 2018 and return to China now, including awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge, type of living and drinking water and contact with river and lake water. Results A total of 573 peoples going to Africa were investigated, and 572 eligible questionnaires were recovered. Among the 572 people interviewed, senior high school and above was the predominant education level (509 people, 89.0%), labor was the predominant aim (543 people, 94.9%), and Angola (52.3%) and Algeria (15.9%) were predominant destiny countries. There were 7.2% of the interviewees hearing about African schistosomiasis, 19.8% knowing infections by contact with infested water, and 36 people with a history of contact with river and lake water. In addition, 270 interviewees used running water as drinking water and 276 used running water as living water. Conclusions The awareness rate of schistosomiasis control knowledge is low among people going to Africa in Taizhou City. Health education pertaining to schistosomiasis control is required to be improved among those going to Africa in Taizhou City to increase the awareness of schistosomiasis prevention and avoid parasitic infections.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 685-691, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the treatment of esophago-gastric variceal bleeding (EGVB) complicated with cavernous transformation of portal vein (CTPV).Methods:From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018, the clinical data of liver cirrhosis patients with EGVB and complicated with (CTPV group) or without (non-CTPV group) CTPV receiving TIPS at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School were retrospectively analyzed. The success rate of operation, stent patency rate, recurrent bleeding rate, incidence and survival rate of hepatic encephalopathy of CTPV group and non-CTPV group were analyzed. Independent samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results:A total of 37 liver cirrhosis patients with EGVB and CTPV receiving TIPS treatment were screened out, among which 10 patients (27.0%) failed the portal vein puncture during the TIPS and switched to endoscopic treatment, the success rate was 73.0%. A total of 460 liver cirrhosis patients with EGVB and non-CTPV received TIPS treatment, among which TIPS in 18 patients (3.9%) was failed, and the success rate was 96.1%. With 1∶2 ratio propensity matching, 54 patients were enrolled in non-CTPV group. In the CTPV group, after TIPS treatment, the average portal vein pressure decreased from (28.9±5.1) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (18.8±4.5) mmHg, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.122, P<0.01). The median follow-up time was 33 months(1 to 66 months). There were no significant differences between the CTPV group and the non-CTPV group in one-year of cumulative stent patency rate (75.0% vs. 86.8%), recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding rate of hepatic encephalopathy (21.0% vs. 10.0%), the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy (34.8% vs. 22.2%) and the survival rate (80.7% vs. 88.9%)(all P >0.05). Conclusion:TIPS is safe and effective in the treatment of liver cirrhosis patients with EGVB and CTPV, and does not increase the incidence of postoperative complications and long-term mortality.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909566

ABSTRACT

Bi-specific T-cell engagers (BiTEs) show great clinical outcomes for anti-cancer purposes. However, potential cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is notorious to all BiTEs. The mechanism underlying CRS is still not fully known, even though such toxicities are considered to be cytokine release related. Assessment of CRS is a key to non-clinical de-risk programs for BiTEs therapeutic development. In the present review, possible mechanisms are discussed, especially factors contributing to CRS develop?ment. T cell activation may be just an initiation of the CRS cascade, and other cell types can greatly contribute to CRS, such as a chain reaction triggered by downstream B-cells, monocytes, and endothe?lium cells. A non-clinical de-risk program can be designed based on these components in the CRS cascade. Combination of in vitro cytokine release assay, and in vivo mouse and non-human primates studies should be reliable enough to predict and mitigate CRS risk in the clinics. Further more, a good de-risk program should be able to provide ranking for candidates for further development and provide enough confidence to select a first-in-human dose.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of postpartum fatigue(PPF) on maternal behavior in rats and its mechanisms.Methods:Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats on the first day after delivery were randomized into the control group and the PPF group using the random number table method, with eight rats in each group.The rat model of PPF was established by forcing rats to stand in a cage with water and last for seven days.To maintain galactosis and lactation, rats and pups were caged for 90 min after every 3 h of separation.The control group was separated routinely without any stimulus.The length and body mass of the pups were recorded at birth and postnatal day 7.On the seven days after modeling, the following maternal behaviors were observed via video recordings: suckling, nesting, clicking and retrieval.The morphology of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus (PVH) was observed by HE staining.The expression of oxytocin in the paraventricular hypothalamus (OxtPVH) was determined by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry.Western blot and qRT-PCR were performed to detect mRNA and protein expression of prolactin (PRL) in pituitary gland, respectively.Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS version 22.0, normally distributed continuous variables were compared between the two groups using an independent-sample t test, and nonnormally distributed continuous variables were compared between the two groups by Mann-Whitney U test. Results:On the seventh day after modeling, the length and weight gain of pups in the PPF group ((5.82±0.17) cm, (5.33±2.54) g)were significantly lower than those of the control group ((6.24±0.36) cm, (7.92±2.54) g, t=3.199, 2.227, both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the rats in PPF group exhibited abnormal maternal behaviors, such as gnawing cage, biting tails, turning circles, repeatedly nesting and refusal to suckling.The results from the maternal behavioral test revealed that the latency of first pup retrieval and last pup retrieval ((39.25±3.50) s, (280.75±59.16) s) in the PPF group were significantly prolonged compared with those in the control group((19.25±7.68) s, (146.00±49.62) s, t=-4.742, -3.490, both P<0.05), the duration of nesting building ((19.50±12.69) s)and clicking ((95.50±70.55)s) in the PPF group were significantly shorter than those in the control group((68.00±37.59) s, (243.00±62.07) s; t=2.445, 3.139, both P<0.05). Compared with control group, the neurons cells of PVH in the PPF group were in disordered manner and the OxtPVH content in the PPF group decreased significantly.The mRNA (0.33(0.29, 0.38) vs 0.85(0.76, 1.76), Z=-3.576, P<0.05) and protein ((1.00±0.65) vs (4.17±0.49), t=-7.726, P<0.05) levels of PRL in PPF group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group. Conclusion:The behaviors of holding back, nesting and licking offspring are decreased in postnatal fatigued rats.This may be related to the decreased expression of OxtPVH and PRL in hypothalamus of female rats.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 832-837, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the main postoperative complications, causes of death and the risk factors for survival in patient with benign end-stage lung diseases within 1 year after lung transplantation.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted to collect the clinical data of 200 patients with benign end-stage lung disease who underwent lung transplantation admitted to Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from May 2017 to October 2018. The main postoperative complications, survival and causes of death within 1 year after operation were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the Log-Rank test was used to compare the influence of factors, including recipient's gender, use of marginal donor lung, primary disease, preoperative combination of moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension (PAH), intraoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, surgical methods, intraoperative massive blood loss, postoperative complications [infection, primary graft dysfunction (PGD), acute rejection], on 1-year survival in patients who underwent lung transplantation. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to evaluate the risk factors of death within 1 year after lung transplantation.Results:Two hundred patients underwent successful lung transplantation. The major postoperative complications within 1 year after transplantation included infection in 131 patients, PGD in 20 patients, acute rejection in 57 patients, anastomotic complication in 26 patients and others (new onset diabetes, osteoporosis, etc.) in 53 patients. The 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year postoperative cumulative survival rates were 81.5%, 80.0% and 77.5%, respectively. Forty-five patients died during 1 year after operation, among whom 14 died of infection, 7 died of PGD, 8 died of acute rejection, 4 died of anastomotic complication, 3 died of cardio-cerebrovascular accident, 3 died of multiple organ failure, 2 died of respiratory failure and 4 died of other causes (traffic accident, etc.). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that recipient's gender, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) as the primary disease, preoperative combination of moderate and severe PAH, intraoperative ECMO support, intraoperative massive blood loss, postoperative complications (infection, PGD, acute rejection) were influencing factors for postoperative 1-year survival rate. The multivariate Cox regression model showed that male was the protective factor [hazard ratio ( HR) = 0.481, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.244-0.947, P = 0.034], IPF as the primary disease ( HR = 2.667, 95% CI was 1.222-5.848, P = 0.014), intraoperative use of ECMO support ( HR = 1.538, 95% CI was 0.787-3.012, P = 0.028), massive blood loss during surgery ( HR = 2.026, 95% CI was 0.976-4.205, P = 0.045) and postoperative infection ( HR = 3.138, 95% CI was 1.294-7.608, P = 0.011), PGD ( HR = 1.604, 95% CI was 0.464-5.539, P = 0.004), and acute rejection ( HR = 1.897, 95% CI was 0.791-4.552, P = 0.015) were the independent risk factors for death within 1 year after transplantation. Conclusions:One-year survival rates after lung transplantation are affected by recipient's gender, primary disease, preoperative combination of moderate and severe PAH, intraoperative ECMO support, intraoperative massive blood loss, and postoperative complications (infection, PGD, acute rejection). The male is the protective factor, while IPF as the primary disease, intraoperative ECMO support, massive blood loss during surgery and postoperative complications (infection, PGD, acute rejection) are independent risk factors for death within 1 year after lung transplantation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of compound Xianzhuliye combined with compound ipratropium bromide in the treatment of patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods:160 patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who received treatment in Zhejiang Putuo Hospital from December 2019 to December 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either routine treatment combined with compound ipratropium bromide (control group, n = 80) or routine treatment, compound ipratropium bromide and compound Xianzhuliye in combination (observation group, n = 80) for 14 successive days. Curative effects, blood gas analysis indexes (arterial partial pressure of oxygen, oxygenation index and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide), respiratory mechanics indexes (peak airway pressure, airway resistance and mean airway pressure), changes in lung function [percentage of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1%), FEV 1/forced vital capacity], inflammatory factors (C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and procalcitonin) before and after treatment were compared between the control and observation groups. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [90.00% vs. 76.25%, χ2 = 5.391, P < 0.05]. After treatment, arterial partial pressure of oxygen and oxygenation index in the observation group were (62.17 ± 6.19) mmHg and (258.83 ± 25.45) mmHg, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(53.86 ± 5.46) mmHg, (210.93 ± 23.12) mmHg, t = 9.005, 12.460, both P < 0.05]. After treatment, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(46.89 ± 5.25) mmHg vs. (57.12 ± 4.12) mmHg, t = 13.711, P < 0.05]. After treatment, peak airway pressure in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(37.87 ± 3.25) cmH 2O vs. (30.82 ± 4.26) cmH 2O, t = 11.768, P < 0.05]. After treatment, airway resistance and mean airway pressure in the observation group were (6.75 ± 1.82) cm H 2O/L/s and (7.34 ± 1.30) cm H 2O, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(9.82 ± 2.10) cm H 2O/L/s and (9.12 ± 1.23) cm H 2O, t = 9.881, 8.896, both P < 0.05). After treatment, FEV 1%, FEV 1/ forced vital capacity in the observation group were (67.31 ± 4.56)% and (61.23 ± 3.67)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(58.98 ± 3.67)%, (52.18 ± 4.68)%, t = 12.729, 13.610, both P < 0.05). After treatment, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and procalcitonin in the observation group were (8.86 ± 1.53) mg/L, (65.87 ± 12.90) ng/L and (0.15 ± 0.04) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(19.90 ± 3.56) mg/L, (109.32 ± 19.76) ng/L and (0.34 ± 0.07) μg/L, t = 25.484, 16.469, 21.079, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compound Xianzhuliye combined with compound ipratropium bromide in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can acquire good clinical curative effects through improving blood gas analysis indexes, respiratory mechanics indexes and lung function, and reduce inflammatory reactions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907129

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the epidemiological characteristics of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in Yiyuan County, and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control strategies. MethodsDescriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the incidence of SFTS in Yiyuan County during 2014—2019. ResultsA total of 130 SFTS cases were documented in Yiyuan County during 2014—2019, of which four were death cases. The annual incidence was determined to be 3.79/105 and the mortality was 3.08%, showing an upward trend in the incidence ( χ T r e n d 2 =9.06, P=0.003). Majority of the cases occurred between May and August (88.46%), were more than 50 years old (81.54%), and farmers (94.62%). The median duration of time from onset to diagnosis was five days. ConclusionSFTS was widely distributed in Yiyuan County with seasonal pattern. Middle aged and elderly farmers were mainly susceptible. It warrants strengthening prevention and control of SFTS and health education in elderly.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907106

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the epidemiological characteristics of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in Yiyuan County, and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control strategies. MethodsDescriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the incidence of SFTS in Yiyuan County during 2014—2019. ResultsA total of 130 SFTS cases were documented in Yiyuan County during 2014—2019, of which four were death cases. The annual incidence was determined to be 3.79/105 and the mortality was 3.08%, showing an upward trend in the incidence ( χ T r e n d 2 =9.06, P=0.003). Majority of the cases occurred between May and August (88.46%), were more than 50 years old (81.54%), and farmers (94.62%). The median duration of time from onset to diagnosis was five days. ConclusionSFTS was widely distributed in Yiyuan County with seasonal pattern. Middle aged and elderly farmers were mainly susceptible. It warrants strengthening prevention and control of SFTS and health education in elderly.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906614

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in the cases of foodborne diseases under active surveillance in Xi'an, and to provide references for prevention and control of foodborne diseases. Methods Information on surveillance cases of foodborne diseases reported by two sentinel hospitals in Xi'an from 2017 to 2019 was collected. Data was statistically analyzed. Results From 2017 to 2019, a total of 904 cases of active surveillance of foodborne diseases were reported by two active surveillance sentinel hospitals in Xi'an. There were more cases in the age groups of 1-5 and 5-8, accounting for 35.18% and 20.02%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the number of cases reported in four quarters(χ2=545.38,P2=321.92,P2= 26.49,P2=92.17,P<0.05) in different seasons, and the detection rate was higher in the first and fourth quarters. Conclusion The main pathogens of food-borne diseases are Norovirus and Salmonella in Xi'an. It is suggested that active surveillance should be strengthened. The prevention and control knowledge of foodborne diseases should be carried out according to the epidemiological characteristics.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of gentiopicroside (GPS) in preventing acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl<sub>4</sub>) in mice and its effect on the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)/nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) signaling pathway. Method:Sixty mice were randomly divided into a normal control group, a model group, a silymarin group (150 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high- (200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (100 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (50 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) GPS groups, with 10 in each group. The mice in the groups with drug intervention were administered correspondingly by gavage at 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>, and those in the normal control group and the model group receive an equal volume of distilled water, once per day. Ten days after administration, mice in the normal control group were subjected to the intraperitoneal injection of peanut oil (10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and those in other groups were injected with peanut oil (10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>) containing 0.12% CCl<sub>4 </sub>for the induction of acute liver injury model. After fasting for 16 hours, blood was collected from eyeballs and liver tissues were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of liver tissues. The content or activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), and <italic>γ</italic>-glutamyl transpeptidase (<italic>γ</italic>-GT) in the serum, malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in liver tissues were determined by biochemistry techniques. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in liver tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in liver tissues. The expression of phosphorylated NF-<italic>κ</italic>B (p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed increased levels of ALT, AST, ALP, TBIL, <italic>γ</italic>-GT, and MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and blunted activities of T-SOD and GSH-Px (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the high- and medium-dose GPS groups exhibited declining levels of ALT, AST, ALP, TBIL, <italic>γ</italic>-GT, and MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) and potentiated T-SOD and GSH-Px activities (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the normal control group, the model group displayed elevated levels of TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, and IL-6 in liver tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased protein expression of TLR4, MyD88, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the high- and medium-dose GPS groups showed decreased TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, and IL-6 content in liver tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) and dwindled TLR4, MyD88, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:GPS possesses a protective effect on mice with acute liver injury induced by CCl<sub>4</sub>, and its mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of TLR4/MyD88/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway and inhibition of oxidative stress.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Longmu Zhuanggu granule for the treatment of children recurrent respiratory infection due to lung-spleen Qi deficiency. Method:This multicenter stratified, block-randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, positive drug (pidotimod granule) parallel controlled, and non-inferiority trail intended to included 240 children patients and divided them into the experimental group (<italic>n</italic>=120) and the control group (<italic>n</italic>=120) at the ratio of 1∶1. Patients in both groups were treated for eight successive weeks and followed up for 12 months. The cure rates, numbers of respiratory infections, average courses of disease, curative effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, curative effects of individual symptoms, curative effects of immune indexes, and safety indexes between the two groups were observed and compared. Result:A total of 237 subjects were collected from 10 research centers, including 119 cases in the control group and 118 in the experimental group. There were 236 cases enrolled into the full analysis set (FAS), 210 into the per-protocol set (PPS), and 236 into the safety set (SS). The baseline data of the two groups were not significantly different from each other, indicating that they were comparable. The cure rates of the experimental group and control group were 75.21% (88/117) and 73.95%(88/119), respectively, with the 95% confidence interval (CI) of difference between the two groups being 1.26% (-9.85%,12.37%) for FAS and 3.81% (-6.28%,13.90%) for PPS. The 95% CI fell within the 10% non-inferiority margin, implying that non-infertility test of the cure rate in the treatment of endpoint disease was valid, and the conclusions of FAS and PPS analysis were consistent. There was no significant difference in the number or course of upper respiratory infection, bronchitis, and pneumonia. The difference in curative effects of TCM syndrome between the two groups after four weeks of treatment was not remarkable. After eight weeks of treatment, the total effective rate of the experimental group was 84.62%(99/117), statistically higher than 78.15%(93/119) of the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=-3.26,<italic>P</italic><0.05). There were no significant differences in the disappearance rates of individual symptoms between the two groups after four weeks of treatment. After eight weeks of treatment, the experimental group and control group exhibited the disappearance rates of 67.50%(54/80) and 47.37%(36/76) for shortness of breath and laziness to speak, 75.00%(54/72) and 53.33%(40/75) for poor appetite, 54.55%(60/110) and 37.84%(42/111) for hyperhidrosis, respectively, with obviously better outcomes observed in the experimental group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The inter-group comparison revealed significant differences in immune indexes after eight weeks of treatment. As demonstrated by comparison with the situations before treatment, IgA, IgG, IgM, and CD4 did not change significantly after treatment. Except for CD8 in the experimental group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), there was no significant difference in other immune indexes before and after treatment There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions. Conclusion:Longmu Zhuanggu granule is not inferior to pidomod granule in the treatment of children recurrent respiratory infection due to lung-spleen Qi deficiency, and it exhibits good safety, implying its promising clinical application value.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905848

ABSTRACT

Tumors are new organisms formed by uncontrollable cell proliferation of local tissues driven by various oncogenic factors. The cause of tumors is unknown with life-threating outcome. Tumors can be classified into benign tumors, borderline tumors, and malignant tumors according to their pathological properties. Among them, malignant tumor is commonly known as cancer, with no specific medicines or reliable cure means, so this is a hot spot and difficult point in current medical research. In ancient literatures, there are many records about the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine in treating tumor, and modern pharmacological researches have shown that more and more active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) have gradually highlighted their inhibitory effect on various types of tumor. Caulis sinomenii has been used for treatment of rheumatic diseases in TCM for a long history. Sinomenine is a major bioactive alkaloid presented in C. sinomenii, which has demonstrated a wide range of pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammation, immunosuppression, analgesia and sedation, and due to its slightly soluble in water, it is commonly used in clinic in the form of hydrochloride, with its commercial name of Zhengqing Fengtongning. Recent studies show that sinomenine alone or combined with chemoradiotherapy can inhibit growth of several tumors significantly or in a synergistic way, so it is termed as an inhibitor of tumors. Anti-tumor effect of sinomenine involve inhibition of tumor cell proliferation, induction of tumor cell apoptosis, blockade of tumor cell cycle, suppression of tumor invasion and metastasis, induction of autophagy of tumor cells, and reversal of multidrug resistance of tumor cells. Upon combination with nanomaterials, it can enhance efficiency and reduce toxicity. Here we summarized and reviewed recent advances on basic anti-tumor research of sinomenine, and then made a classification and description according to its in vivo and in vitro pharmacological action and mechanism of action, so as to elucidate the great potential of sinomenine as a promising anti-tumor drug, and provide reference for further research on its anti-tumor mechanism.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904631

ABSTRACT

As a successful example of global public health, Chinese schistosomiasis control technology and experiences have been included in global public health governance. Chinese schistosomiasis control program progresses with China’s international discourse power. During the period from the initial stage of the founding of the People’s Republic of China to China’s Reform and opening-up, the national schistosomiasis control program of China achieved great successes through mobilizing multi-sectorial resources under the policy of Independence and Self-reliance. Following China’s Reform and opening-up, all advantageous opportunities were captured to solve problems pertaining to schistosomiasis control in the context of complex international situations. As a consequence, transmission control of schistosomiasis was achieved across China in 2015. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has contributed the discourse system with distinct Chinese characteristics to the world, and has actively participated in health cooperation projects between China and other “Belt and Road” countries, which has contributed China’s wisdom to global schistosomiasis control program and conveyed China’s voice to the world.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904619

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a deep learning-based visual model for intelligent recognition of Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, and evaluate the effects of different training strategies for O. hupensis image recognition. Methods A total of 2 614 datasets of O. hupensis snails and 4 similar snails were generated through field sampling and internet capture, and were divided into training sets and test sets. An intelligent recognition model was created based on deep learning, and was trained and tested. The precision, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, F1 score and Youden index were calculated. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the model for snail recognition was plotted to evaluate the effects of “new learning”, “transfer learning” and “transfer learning + data enhancement” training strategies on the accuracy of the model for snail recognition. Results Under the “transfer learning + data enhancement” strategy, the precision, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, Youden index and F1 score of the model were 90.10%, 91.00%, 97.50%, 96.20%, 88.50% and 90.51% for snail recognition, which were all higher than those under both “new learning” and “transfer learning” strategies. There were significant differences in the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the model for snail recognition under “new learning”, “transfer learning” and “transfer learning + data enhancement” training strategies (all P values < 0.001). In addition, the area under the ROC curve of the model was highest (0.94) under the “transfer learning + dataenhancement” training strategy. Conclusions This is the first visual model for intelligent recognition of O. hupensis based on deep learning, which shows a high accuracy for snail image recognition. The “transfer learning + data enhancement” training strategy is helpful to improve the accuracy of the model for snail recognition.

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