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1.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 97-107, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966407

ABSTRACT

Aristolochic acid (AA), extracted from Aristolochiaceae plants, plays an essential role in traditional herbal medicines and is used for different diseases. However, AA has been found to be nephrotoxic and is known to cause aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN).AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome in AAN with a high morbidity that manifests mitochondrial damage as a key part of its pathological progression. Melatonin primarily serves as a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. However, its mitochondrial protective role in AA-induced AKI is barely reported. In this study, mice were administrated 2.5 mg/kg AA to induce AKI. Melatonin reduced the increase in Upro and Scr and attenuated the necrosis and atrophy of renal proximal tubules in mice exposed to AA. Melatonin suppressed ROS generation, MDA levels and iNOS expression and increased SOD activities in vivo and in vitro. Intriguingly, the in vivo study revealed that melatonin decreased mitochondrial fragmentation in renal proximal tubular cells and increased ATP levels in kidney tissues in response to AA. In vitro, melatonin restored the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in NRK-52E and HK-2 cells and led to an elevation in ATP levels. Confocal immunofluorescence data showed that puncta containing Mito-tracker and GFP-LC3A/B were reduced, thereby impeding the mitophagy of tubular epithelial cells. Furthermore, melatonin decreased LC3A/B-II expression and increased p62 expression. The apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells induced by AA was decreased. Therefore, our findings revealed that melatonin could prevent AA-induced AKI by attenuating mitochondrial damage, which may provide a potential therapeutic method for renal AA toxicity.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1034-1038, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TRIZ theory in clinical teaching in orthopedic operating room.Methods:A total of 43 interns in the orthopedic operating room of our hospital from October 2019 to July 2020 were selected as control group, and 46 interns in the orthopedic operating room of our hospital from August 2020 to May 2021 were selected as observation group. The interns in the control group received traditional teaching, and those in the observation group received teaching based on TRIZ theory. The two groups were compared in terms of professional assessment results, self-evaluation, satisfaction score, and qualification of aseptic operation in orthopedic operating room. SPSS 22.0 was used to perform the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher theoretical knowledge score, practical skill score, and weighted total score ( t=14.90, 11.82, and 13.23, all P?0.001). Compared with the control group, the observation group also had significantly higher scores of analysis and problem-solving ability, clinical thinking, doctor-patient communication, psychological quality, clinical case analysis, self-study ability, and teaching satisfaction ( t=7.88, 11.78, 15.26, 7.94, 12.93, 9.83, and 13.22, all P?0.001). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher qualified rates of surgical hand-washing, wearing sterile surgical gowns, non-contact glove wearing; and bacteriological testing ( χ 2=4.22, 6.02, 4.92, and 7.59, P=0.040, 0.014, 0.027, and 0.006). Conclusion:TRIZ theory has a certain value in clinical teaching in orthopedic operating room and can significantly improve the scores of theoretical knowledge and practical skills, strengthen aseptic operation abilities in orthopedic operating room, and enhance the satisfaction with teaching among interns.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 558-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986890

ABSTRACT

The patient was a 55-year-old man who was admitted to hospital with "progressive myalgia and weakness for 4 months, and exacerbated for 1 month". Four months ago, he presented with persistent shoulder girdle myalgia and elevated creatine kinase (CK) at routine physical examination, which fluctuated from 1 271 to 2 963 U/L after discontinuation of statin treatment. Progressive myalgia and weakness worsened seriously to breath-holding and profuse sweating 1 month ago. The patient was post-operative for renal cancer, had previous diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease medical history, had a stent implanted by percutaneous coronary intervention and was on long-term medication with aspirin, atorvastatin and metoprolol. Neurological examination showed pressure pain in the scapularis and pelvic girdle muscles, and V- grade muscle strength in the proximal extremities. Strongly positive of anti-HMGCR antibody was detected. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted image and short time inversion recovery sequences (STIR) showed high signals in the right vastus lateralis and semimembranosus muscles. There was a small amount of myofibrillar degeneration and necrosis, CD4 positive inflammatory cells around the vessels and among myofibrils, MHC-Ⅰ infiltration, and multifocal lamellar deposition of C5b9 in non-necrotic myofibrils of the right quadriceps muscle pathological manifestation. According to the clinical manifestation, imageological change, increased CK, blood specific anti-HMGCR antibody and biopsy pathological immune-mediated evidence, the diagnosis of anti-HMGCR immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy was unequivocal. Methylprednisolone was administrated as 48 mg daily orally, and was reduced to medication discontinuation gradually. The patient's complaint of myalgia and breathlessness completely disappeared after 2 weeks, the weakness relief with no residual clinical symptoms 2 months later. Follow-up to date, there was no myalgia or weakness with slightly increasing CK rechecked. The case was a classical anti-HMGCR-IMNM without swallowing difficulties, joint symptoms, rash, lung symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, heart failure and Raynaud's phenomenon. The other clinical characters of the disease included CK as mean levels >10 times of upper limit of normal, active myogenic damage in electromyography, predominant edema and steatosis of gluteus and external rotator groups in T2WI and/or STIR at advanced disease phase except axial muscles. The symptoms may occasionally improve with discontinuation of statins, but glucocorticoids are usually required, and other treatments include a variety of immunosuppressive therapies such as methotrexate, rituximab and intravenous gammaglobulin.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies , Myositis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Necrosis/pathology , Muscular Diseases/drug therapy
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 283-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To characterize the paraspinal muscles of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, and to further explore its etiology.@*METHODS@#Clinical records and paraspinal muscle biopsies at the apex vertebra region during posterior scoliosis correction surgery of 18 AIS were collected from November 2018 to August 2019. Following standardized processing of fresh muscle tissue biopsy, serial sections with conventional hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and histochemical and immunohistochemical (IHC) with antibody Dystrophin-1 (R-domain), Dystrophin-2 (C-terminal), Dystrophin-3 (N-terminal), Dystrophin-total, Myosin (fast), major histocompatibility complex 1 (MHC-1), CD4, CD8, CD20, and CD68 staining were obtained. Biopsy samples were grouped according to the subjects' median Cobb angle (Cobb angle ≥ 55° as severe AIS group and Cobb angle < 55° as mild AIS group) and Nash-Moe's classification respectively, and the corresponding pathological changes were compared between the groups statistically.@*RESULTS@#Among the 18 AIS patients, 8 were in the severe AIS group (Cobb angle ≥55°) and 10 in the mild AIS group (Cobb angle < 55°). Both severe and mild AIS groups presented various of atrophy and degeneration of paraspinal muscles, varying degrees and staining patterns of immune-expression of Dystrophin-3 loss, especially Dystrophin-2 loss in severe AIS group with significant differences, as well as among the Nash-Moe classification subgroups. Besides, infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in the paraspinal muscles and tendons was observed in all the patients while CD20+ cells were null. The expression of MHC-1 on myolemma was present in some muscle fibers.@*CONCLUSION@#The histologic of paraspinal muscle biopsy in AIS had similar characteristic changes, the expression of Dystrophin protein was significantly reduced and correlated with the severity of scoliosis, suggesting that Dystrophin protein dysfunctions might contribute to the development of scoliosis. Meanwhile, the inflammatory changes of AIS were mainly manifested by T cell infiltration, and there seemed to be a certain correlation between inflammatory cell infiltration, MHC-1 expression and abnormal expression of Dystrophin. Further research along the lines of this result may open up new ideas for the diagnosis of scoliosis and the treatment of paraspinal myopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Paraspinal Muscles/pathology , Dystrophin , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Kyphosis/pathology , Biopsy
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 396-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986805

ABSTRACT

Esophageal carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, with incidence and mortality rankings of 7th and 6th, respectively. In recent years, immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors of programmed death-1 and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been introduced into clinical practice and has changed the treatment status of esophageal cancer. Although immunotherapy has provided long-term survival benefits for patients with advanced esophageal cancer and high pathological response rates in the neoadjuvant therapy, only a few of the patients have satisfactory therapeutic outcomes. Therefore, effective biomarkers for predicting immunotherapeutic effects are urgently needed to identify those patients who could benefit from immunotherapy. In this paper, we mainly discuss recent research advances of biomarkers related to the immunotherapy of esophageal cancer and the clinical application prospects of these biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Immunotherapy , B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor
6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 222-225, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of propofol on neuronal activity in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during social behavior in sleep-deprived rats.Methods:Sixty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, weighing 200-250 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (group Con), chronic sleep deprivation plus natural sleep group (group CSD+ NS), and chronic sleep deprivation plus propofol group (CSD+ Pro). Sleep deprivation model was developed by the modified multiple platform method, and the rats were placed in the sleep-deprivation tank for 20 h a day (14: 00-10: 00) and allowed to sleep naturally for 4 h (10: 00-14: 00) a day for 28 consecutive days.Propofol 40 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected after sleep deprivation for 28 consecutive days in group CSD+ Pro, while the equal volume of 10% fat emulsion was given instead in group C and group CSD+ NS.Electroencephalographic recordings in cerebral cortical regions were performed on the days 1st, 14th and 28th after sleep deprivation.The apoptotic neurons in mPFC were detected using TUNEL method after the end of sleep deprivation, and the apoptosis index was calculated.A three chamber sociability test was used to detect the social behavior of rats, and local field potential signals in mPFC were collected. Results:Compared with group Con, the percentage of rapid eye movement sleep was significantly increased, the sniffing time preference coefficients in the 2 stages were reduced, the percentage of the β waves and θ waves-band power in mPFC during the social sniffing process was decreased, and the apoptosis index of neurons in mPFC was increased in group CSD+ NS ( P<0.05). Compared with group CSD+ NS, the percentage of rapid eye movement sleep was significantly increased, the sniffing time preference coefficient in the 2 stages was increased, and the percentage of β waves and θ waves-band power in mPFC during the social sniffing process was increased, and the apoptosis index of neurons in mPFC was decreased in group CSD+ Pro ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Propofol inhibits the apoptosis in neurons in mPFC and increases β and θ waves in the mPFC during social interaction after sleep deprivation in sleep-deprived rats, which is helpful in improving sleep deprivation-induced social disorder.

7.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 185-190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between cannabinoid 2 receptor (CB2R) and pyroptosis-related indicators in mice with septic lung injury.Methods:Mice were randomly (ramdon number) divided into four groups ( n=6 per group): sham operation group (sham), mild sepsis group (ALIMi), moderate sepsis group (ALIMo) and severe sepsis group (ALIS). The model of septic lung injury was established by cecal ligation and puncture. The wet-dry weight ratio of lung tissues and lung injury scores were measured 12 hours after operation. The expression of CB2R protein was measured by western blot, and the expression of mRNA of CB2R, NLRP3, caspase-1/11, GSDMD were detected by RT-PCR. Meanwhile ELISA was used to measure the level of inflammatory factor IL-6 and TNF-α. SPSS 22.0 software was used for data analysis. Multiple comparison was analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) and comparison between two groups was performed by LSD test or Games-Howell test. Then, the correlation between the expression of CB2R mRNA and the level of inflammatory cytokines as well as the expression of the pyroptosis-related indicators mRNA was analyzed by pearson correlation analysis, respectively. Results:The statistical value F was obtained by one-way ANOVA and comparison between two groups was performed. Compared to sham group, all above indicators increased with the aggravation of inflammation in the sepsis groups ( P<0.05). Compared to ALIMi group, the concentrations of IL-6 [(277.31±41.07) vs.(140.09±27.56), P<0.05] and TNF-α [(501.09±73.91) vs. (261.36±40.73), P<0.05] in lung tissue homogenate increased in ALIMo group. And the level of CB2mRNA [(2.99±0.28) vs. (2.02±0.19), P<0.05], the expression of CB2 protein [(0.44±0.08) vs.(0.23±0.05), P<0.05] and the level of NLRP3 [(2.53±0.26) vs.(1.61±0.15), P<0.05], caspase-1 [(6.02±0.35) vs.(3.60±0.38), P<0.05], caspase-11 [(11.43±0.83) vs.(6.30±0.65), P<0.05] and GSDMD [(10.46±0.62) vs. (5.67±0.54), P<0.05] mRNA also increased. Compared to ALIMo group, the concentrations of IL-6 [(475.90±67.65) vs. (277.31±41.07), P<0.05] and TNF-α [(713.93±58.85) vs. (501.09±73.91), P<0.05] in lung tissue homogenate increased in ALIS group. And the level of CB2mRNA [(4.00±0.19) vs.(2.99±0.28), P<0.05], the expression of CB2 protein [(0.61±0.05) vs.(0.44±0.08), P<0.05] and the level of NLRP3 [(4.75±0.40) vs.(2.53±0.26), P<0.05], caspase-1 [(8.76±0.72) vs.(6.02±0.35), P<0.05], caspase-11 [(16.31±1.13) vs.(11.43±0.83), P<0.05] and GSDMD [(16.46±1.22) vs. (10.46±0.62), P<0.05] mRNA also increased. Furthermore, correlation analysis showed that there was a highly positive correlation between the expression of CB2R mRNA and the expression of mRNA of NLRP3, caspase-1/11, and GSDMD respectively ( r>0.9, P<0.01). Conclusion:The correlation between the aggravation of inflammation, the indicators of pyroptosis and CB2R mRNA was highly positive in different degrees of septic lung injury. Consequently, CB2R may play a role in the regulatory process of inflammation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 916-920, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of sonic hedgehog (Shh)/glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) signaling pathway in sleep deprivation-induced cognitive impairment in young mice.Methods:Forty-eight SPF healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 4 weeks, weighing 14-16 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=16 each) by the random number table method: control group (C group), sleep deprivation group (SD group) and Shh agonist SAG group (SD+ SAG group). Multi-platform water environment method was used to prepare the sleep deprivation model in mice, and the sleep deprivation was 20 h a day for 10 consecutive days.In SD+ SAG group, SAG 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 5 min before each sleep deprivation, while the equal volume of normal saline was intraperitoneally injected in group C and group SD.The mice underwent novel object recognition and Y-maze tests at 24 h after development of the model.Mice were sacrificed after the behavioral testing, and the hippocampi were isolated for determination of the density of dendritic spines in hippocampal CA1 region (by Golgi staining), expression of Gli1 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in hippocampal tissues (by Western blot), and expression of Gli1 and BDNF mRNA in hippocampal tissues (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, the preference index in novel object recognition and Y-maze tests and density of dendritic spines in CA1 region were significantly decreased, and the expression of Gli1 and BDNF protein and mRNA in hippocampus was down-regulated in group SD ( P<0.05). Compared with group SD, the preference index in novel object recognition and Y-maze tests and density of dendritic spines in CA1 region were significantly increased, and the expression of Gli1 and BDNF protein and mRNA in hippocampus was up-regulated in group SD+ SAG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Inhibition of Shh/Gli1 signaling pathway and reduction of plasticity of dendritic spines of hippocampal neurons are involved in sleep deprivation-induced cognitive impairment in young mice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 122-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935589

ABSTRACT

The oligometastatic and oligoprogressive state has been a hot issue in cancer research. Its indolent tumor behavior, representing a novel therapeutic opportunity, has been identified as a clinical subtype in several malignancies. However, the clinical implications of the oligometastatic and oligoprogressive state in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been thoroughly elucidated. There are still controversies regarding the existence of the oligometastatic state in ESCC, if the solitary regional lymph node metastasis should be viewed as oligoprogressive disease after esophagectomy, and the role of surgery and radiotherapy in ESCC oligometastatic disease. Despite many exciting contributions to the literature on these, further exploration is warranted. Thus, fostering the advance of research and scientific knowledge on the biological and prognostic characteristics scrupulously would facilitate personalizing treatment strategy for better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Esophagectomy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 490-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemic status and characteristics of human brucellosis in Ordos City, and to provide basis for formulating perfect prevention and control countermeasures of brucellosis.Methods:The data of reported human brucellosis cases in Ordos City from 2016 to 2020 were collected through the Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System. Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the distributions of time, region and population.Results:Totally 2 861 cases of human brucellosis were reported in Ordos City from 2016 to 2020. The average annual incidence rate was 27.68/100 000 and no deaths. The incidence rate of human brucellosis decreased year by year from 2016 to 2018 (24.11/100 000, 20.82/100 000, 20.11/100 000). But the incidence rate began to pick up in 2019 (24.59/100 000) and rose to 48.53/100 000 in 2020. The incidence peak was from March to August (1 882 cases). The cases had been reported in all over 9 banners (districts) of the city. The cumulative number of reported cases from more to less was Hangjin Banner, Dalat Banner, Otog Front Banner, Jungar Banner, Otog Banner, Dongsheng District, Wushen County, Ejin Horo Banner and Kangbashi District. The cases were predominantly male, and the sex ratio of male to female was 2.23∶1.00 (1 974 ∶ 887). The onset was mainly young and middle-aged adults, and the age was mainly 30-69 years old (2 541 cases). Farmers accounted for 65.26% (1 867 cases) in all reported cases, followed by herdsmen, accounting for 18.98% (543 cases).Conclusions:There is an obvious upward trend of human brucellosis in Ordos City in recent years, mainly among young and middle-aged male farmers. Health education for key populations should be strengthened, as well as personal protection during high-risk operations.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-295, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872625

ABSTRACT

Ten triterpenoid saponins were isolated and purified from the water extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra by polyamide resin combined with macroporous resin column chromatography, ODS medium pressure column chromatography and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties, NMR and MS spectra, and determined as 3β-O-[β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl]-30β-O-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-oleanane-11-oxo-12(13)-ene (1), 3β-O-[β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl]-30β-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-oleanane-11-oxo-12(13)-en-22β,30-diol (2), uralsaponin C (3), licorice-saponin A3 (4), licorice-saponin P2 (5), 22β-acetoxyl-glycyrrhizin (6), macedonoside A (7), 29-hydroxyl-glycyrrhizin (8), licorice-saponin G2 (9), glycyrrhizin (10). Compounds 1 and 2 are two new compounds and named as licorice-saponin R3 and licorice-saponin S3.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 591-598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878883

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-hide gelatin(DHG) samples, hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on lysine sites of DHG were comprehensive identified by using PEAKS Studio software. The sites, sorts and amounts of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on Type Ⅰ collagen α1 chain(COL1 A1) and α2 chain(COL1 A2) of DHG were revealed. As a result, 5 284 peptides were identified from DHG samples, which were mainly from COL1 A1 and COL1 A2. Among these peptides, there were 449 peptides with hydroxylysine, 442 with galactosyl-hydroxylysine, 449 with glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine. The major modified sites of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation in DHG were shown as follow: α1-9 N and α2-5 N in N-telopeptides, α1-87, α1-174, α1-930, α2-87, α2-174, α2-933 in triple helix domain, and α1-16 C in C-telopeptides. These hydroxylation and O-glycosylation were correlated with the formation and stability of collagen molecules and collagen fibrils. It is feasible for the collagens and peptides dissolving from deer skin collagen fibrils under high temperature and pressure decocting, high temperature and pressure also might destroy inter-molecular covalent cross-linking and help those glycol-peptides formations. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on DHG chemical constituents, and showed good theoretical significance and application value.


Subject(s)
Animals , Deer/metabolism , Gelatin , Glycosylation , Hydroxylation , Lysine/metabolism , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1334-1337, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) on neurogenesis decline in sleep-deprived infancy rats.Methods:Seventy-eight clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, weighing 10-15 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=26 each) using a random number table method: control group (group Con), sleep deprivation group (group SD) and sleep deprivation plus NMN group (group SD+ NMN). Sleep deprivation model was established by gentle stimulation method with a brush (10 h per day) for 14 consecutive days.NMN 500 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in group SD+ NMN, while the equal volume of aqua pura was given instead in Con and SD groups.5′-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU) 100 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after the end of sleep deprivation to label the new-born cells.At 24 h after completion of sleep deprivation, the stem cell pluripotency transcription factor (SOX2) and doublecortin (DCX) positive cells in the hippocampal DG region were counted using immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical methods, and positron emission tomography-computed tomography was used to observe the metabolism of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose in the hippocampus.At 4 weeks after completion of sleep deprivation, the number of neuronal nuclei antigen (NeuN)/BrdU and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP)/BrdU positive cells in hippocampal DG region was recorded using immunofluorescence, and novel object recognition test was performed to evaluate the cognitive function. Results:Compared with group Con, the number of SOX2 and DCX positive cells was significantly reduced, the standard uptake value of glucose in the hippocampus was decreased, the number of NeuN/BrdU and GFAP/BrdU positive cells was reduced, and discrimination index in novel object recognition test was decreased in group SD ( P<0.05). Compared with group SD, the number of SOX2, DCX NeuN/BrdU and GFAP/BrdU positive cells was increased, the standard uptake value of glucose in the hippocampus was increased, and discrimination index in novel object recognition test was increased in group SD+ NMN ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Nicotinamide mononucleotide can promote neurogenesis, thus improving cognitive function, and the mechanism is related to increasing the metabolism of hippocampal glucose in sleep-deprived infancy rats.

14.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 261-266, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953655

ABSTRACT

Objective: As an important food therapy product with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) applications, donkey-hide gelatin (Asini Corii Colla, ACC) has been used for thousands of years. However, till now few effective strategy had been proposed to distinguish ACC from other animal hide gelatins, especially closely related horse- and mule-hide gelatins, which was an embarrassment of ACC quality control. Methods: Combined mass spectrometry and bioinformatic methods have been applied to identify and verify two ACC-specific peptides (Pep-1 and Pep-2) capable of distinguishing ACC from other closely related animal gelatins with high selectivity. Results: It confirmed that these two peptides could be not only used for distinguishing ACC from highly homologous horse-hide and mule-hide gelatins as well as other animal hide gelatins. Conclusion: The present study provides a simple method for species-specific peptides discovery, which can be used for assessing the quality of animal gelatin products, and ensure they are authenticable and traceable.

15.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 702-710, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843049

ABSTRACT

@#In this study,thermosensitive and repairable molecularly imprinted solid-phase microextraction fibers were synthesized using spiramycin as template molecule,methacrylic acid and N-isopropylacrylamide as functional monomers,ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as crosslinking agent,and silanized quartz capillary as carrier. The prepared molecularly imprinted solid-phase microextraction fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscope and nitrogen adsorption/desorption,and various parameters affecting the extraction efficiency were optimized. Due to high selectivity and sensitivity of the fibers for macrolide antibiotics,the quantitative analysis of four macrolide antibiotics in food matrix,spiramycin,tilmicosin,tylosin,and josamycin,was peroformed in combination with high performance liquid chromatography. In the range of 0.5 to 50 μg/mL,the chromatographic peak area showed a good linear relationship with the concentration. The spike recoveries of the samples at three different addition levels were between 81.8% and 119.1%;the inter-day precisions were less than 13.8% (n=6),and the intra-day precisions were less than 15.5% (n=3).

16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 716-720, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828219

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and compare the effect of indwelling drainage tube and extubation time on occult hemorrhage and functional recovery after total hip arthroplasty(THA).@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to June 2018, 123 patients who underwent THA in our hospital for the first time were selected as the subjects of study. According to whether the drainage tube was retained or not and the time of extubation, they were divided into three groups:in group A, 41 patients (24 males, 17 females, age 53 to 77 years) did not put drainage tube after THA;in group B, 41 patients were removed 24 hours after THA, 26 males and 15 females, aged 55 to 74 years;in group C, 41 patients were removed 48 hours after THA, 25 males and 16 females, aged 52 to 75 years. The VAS score of pain 72 hours after THA, the total and recessive blood loss, the time of starting functional exercise, and the incidence of postoperative limb swelling were recorded. All the patients were followed up for one year after discharge. Harris hip score was used to evaluate the degree of hip function recovery one year after operation.@*RESULTS@#The occult blood loss of group A, B and C were(513.6±25.3), (521.7±33.4), (519.3±29.8) ml, respectively, with no significant difference(>0.05). There was no significant difference in blood loss in operation among the three groups(>0.05). In group B and C, the postoperative apparent blood loss was more than that in group A (0.05). The time of getting out of bed in group A was shorter than that in group B and C (0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications among three groups (>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Whether the drainage tube is left or not and the time of extubation have no significant effect on the latent blood loss and functional recovery after THA, but without drainage tube after THA can reduce the apparent blood loss, patients can get out of bed at 6 hours after THA, which is more conducive to the recovery and nursing of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Airway Extubation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Drainage , Recovery of Function , Treatment Outcome
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3183-3190, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827999

ABSTRACT

This work is to establish the fingerprint of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus by HPLC-ELSD method, and to analyze the simulated wildness degree of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu. Compared with wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, the quality differences of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region were analyzed by identification of chromatographic peaks and similarity evaluation, cluster analysis(CA), principal components analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). HPLC fingerprints of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in different genuine regions are established. The qualitative analysis of mass spectrometry identified 18 components. The similarity evaluation shows that the similarity of 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples was 0.688-0.993. Among them, the similarity of samples in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia is 0.688-0.993, 0.835-0.989, 0.934-0.988, respectively and the similarity of samples in Gansu is 0.729-0.876 except No. 25 sample. The results of CA show that the samples of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus can be grouped into four categories according to the production area except the No. 11 and No. 25 samples. The results of PCA indicate that 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples can be clustered according to quality and origin, and the quality of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in Inner Mongolia is the closest to the wild breed. The results of OPLS-DA indicate that there are six components that can distinguish the wild and domestic A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, which are malonylastragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅰ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside, formononetin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, and astrapterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate. The established method can be used to analyze differences between A. membranaceus var. mongholicus origin and planting environment, and can provide references for the protection and replacement of wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus resources, and the cultivation, processing and production of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , China
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1349-1356, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of PDGFRα stromal cells derived SCF on hematopoiesis of adult mice.@*METHODS@#Pdgfrα-CreER; R26-tdTomato mice model was constructed, and the proportion and distribution of PDGFRα cells in the liver, spleen, lung, kidney and bone marrow were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Then the Pdgfrα-CreER; Scf mice model was further constructed, the Scf in PDGFRα was knocked out specifically, the effect of Scf-knocked out in PDGFRα stromal cells in the propitiation of HSPCs in the bone marrow was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effect of SCF on the proportion on number of peripheral blood cells in mice was analyzed by whole blood analyzer.@*RESULTS@#After Scf was knocked out in PDGFRα stromal cells, the propitiation and number of LKS- cell, LKS+ cell, HSC, MPP1, MKP, PreGM, PreMegE, and CFU-E in the bone marrow of mice was decreased, as well as in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood. However, Scf knocked out from PDGFRα cells showed no effect on the hematopoiesis in spleen.@*CONCLUSION@#specific knocked out of Scf in PDGFRα stromal cells in adult mice can decrease the proportion of HSPCs in the bone marrow and the number of red blood cells in peripheral blood, and finally lead to anemia in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Hematopoiesis , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Stem Cell Factor
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1882-1888, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825165

ABSTRACT

Collagen is the main constituent of gelatinous Chinese medicine, with deer hide gelatin (Cervi Corii Colla, DHG) made from deer hide (DH) through a complex thermal and high-pressure processing procedure. During this procedure some amino acids in collagen undergo hydroxylation and deamidation. In the present study, comparative analysis of proteins and peptides in DH and DHG was carried out using "peptidomics-modifications" methods. Nano-LC-MS/MS was used to analyze proteins and peptides in DH and DHG, and the number and sites of modification were determined as well. The amount of hydroxylation and deamidation that occurred in DHG was significantly greater than that in DH, suggesting that under thermal and high-pressure processing these modifications occurred more frequently on certain amino acids in collagen, and might be correlated with hydrophobicity. The occurrence and mechanism of hydroxylation and deamidation in DH processing procedures should be explored in further research. The present study provides important evidence of the chemical constituents and the correlation of processing procedures with these modifications, and also suggests some investigative ideas for DHG processing optimization and improvement of quality standards.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap.@*METHODS@#A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR).@*RESULTS@#Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
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