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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920750

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of nitroquine on the development of different stages of Plasmodium yoelii in Anopheles stephensi. Methods An. stephensi mosquitoes were fed with conventional sucrose water or sucrose water containing 100 μmol/L nitroquine one day prior to P. yoelii infection. Following starvation for 24 hours, mosquitoes were fed with the blood of Kunming mice infected with P. yoelii, and the number of oocysts was observed in the stomach of An. stephensi. After 6 days and 14 days of infection, the mosquitoes were starved for 24 hours, and then fed with conventional sucrose water or nitroquine treated sucrose water. The An. stephensi mosquitoes were starved for 24 hours 6 and 14 days post-infection with P. yoelii, and then fed with conventional sucrose water or nitroquine-containing sucrose water, the numbers of P. yoelii sporozoites were examined in the hemolymph and salivary glands of An. stephensi. Results Following exposure to nitroquine-containing sucrose water one day prior to P. yoelii infections, the number of P. yoelii oocysts was significantly lower in the An. stephensi stomach on day 7 (119.2 ± 16.1 vs. 207.3 ± 21.8; t = 3.207, P < 0.05). After conventional sucrose water was ceased for 24 hours on day 6, and An. stephensi was fed with nitroquine-containing sucrose water, the number of P. yoelii sporozoites peaked in the hemolymph on day 14 in the nitroquine treatment group (952.3 ± 22.7) and on day 12 in the sucrose water treatment group (1 287.0 ± 39.0), and there was a significant difference in the number of sporozoites in the salivary glands between the nitroquine treatment group and the sucrose water treatment group (9 467.0 ± 1 304.0 vs. 10 533.0 ± 758.7; t = 0.707, P = 0.506) on day 17. After conventional sucrose water was ceased for 24 hours on day 14, and An. stephensi was fed with nitroquine-containing sucrose water, the number of sporozoites in the salivary glands was significantly greater in the nitroquine treatment group than in the sucrose water treatment group (21 900.0 ± 2 613.0 vs. 10 533.0 ± 732.3; t = 4.188, P < 0.05). Conclusions Nitroquine treatment exhibits diverse effects the development of different stages of P. yoelii, and nitroquine treatment may reduce the transmission of P. yoelii in uninfected An. stephensi.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:Data of 61 hilar cholangiocarcinom patients operated at Affiliated Tongji Hospital from Jan 2014 to Jul 2019 were analyzed. Ninteen patients underwent laparoscopic surgery (LS) and 42 underwent open surgery (OS). Perioperative complications, pathological characteristics and follow-up results were compared between LS group and OS group.Results:Operation time in LS group was significantly longer than OS group. While, the time of taking food orally was earlier, hospital and ICU stay were shorter than in OA group ( P<0.05). The higher R 0 resection rate, the more harvested lymph nodes and the positive lymph nodes were also observed in LS group than those in OS group ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of postoperative complications and 90-day mortality between the two groups ( P>0.05). Though, the incidence of pulmonary infection in LS group was higher than that in OS group ( P=0.015). Conclusions:Laparoscopic surgery is safe and feasible for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetric parameters and plan complexity between newly-delicated HyperArc (HA) and conventional volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in the treatment of brain metastases.Methods:For 26 patients with brain metastases, HA, conventional coplanar (Cop) and non-coplanar (Non-cop) VMAT plans with a prescription dose of 9 Gy 3fx or 6 Gy 5fx were generated. The dosimetric parameters for planning target volume (PTV), RTOG conformity index (RTOG CI), Paddick CI, homogeneity index (HI), gradient index (GI), maximum dose (D max) of brainstem and dose-volume parameters of brain-PTV(V 2Gy-V 26Gy) were statisticaly compared among these three approaches. In addition, the monitor unit (MU) and the plan complexity parameters (including MCSv and AlPO) were statistically compared. Results:To prevent missed targets during treatment, all plans were established with RTOG CI of greater than 1.1. For Paddick CI, HA provided significantly higher conformity (0.89±0.019) than Non-cop (0.87±0.036, P=0.001) and Cop (0.88±0.017, P=0.003) VMAT. For GI, the fastest dose fall-off was noted in HA (3.35±0.64), followed by conventional Non-cop VMAT of (3.70±0.80), and conventional Cop VMAT of (4.90±1.85)(all P<0.05). For the brainstem sparing, HA plan performed better than Non-cop plan[(604.14±531.61) cGy vs.(682.75±558.22) cGy, P<0.05)]. For normal brain tissue sparing, HA approach showed significant reduction than conventional Cop and Non-cop VMAT (both P<0.05). For MU, HA approach (2 872.60 ± 566.93) was significantly lower than those of Non-cop VMAT (3 771.28 ± 1 022.38, P<0.05) and Cop VMAT (4 494.08 ± 1 323.09, P<0.05). In terms of plan complexity, the MCSv of Cop plan was the lowest, indicating that the complexity was the highest ( P<0.05). The AlPO of HA was significantly higher than that of Non-cop VMAT ( P<0.05), suggesting that the complexity of HA plan was lower ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For the treatment of brain metastases, HA provides better conformity, more rapid dose fall-off, better sparing of brainstem and normal brain tissues and less plan complexity compared with conventional VMAT.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the prosthesis locations and postoperative hip functions between supercapsular percutaneously-assisted total hip (SuperPATH) approach and traditional posterolateral approach (PLA) in total hip arthroplasty.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 107 patients who had undergone unilateral total hip arthroplasty at Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital to Soochow University from August 2016 to February 2019. They were divided into 2 groups according to their surgical approaches. In the SuperPATH group of 54 cases, there were 20 males and 34 females with an age of (64.3±9.1) years; in the PLA group of 53 cases, there were 20 males and 33 females with an age of (62.2±10.6) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of abduction angle, ratio of abduction angle to safety zone, anteversion angle, ratio of anteversion angle to safety zone, retroversion angle, incidence of retroversion, and differences in eccentricity and lower limb length on the first day after operation, and Harris hip scores at 1 week, 3 months and the last follow-up postoperatively. Their complications were also recorded as well.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The postoperative imaging data were complete for the 107 patients who had been followed up satisfactorily for 14 to 36 months (average, 25 months). The SuperPATH group had significantly larger retroversion angle (13.6°±9.6°) and incidence of retroversion (18.5%, 10/54), significantly smaller difference in eccentricity [0.26 (0.13,0.49) cm], and significantly higher Harris hip score [(74.8±7.8) points] at one week after surgery than those in the PLA group [3.0°±1.0°; 5.7%, 3/53; 0.38 (0.13,0.70) cm; (72.0±6.7) points] ( P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups in abduction angle, ratio of abduction angle to safety zone, anteversion angle, ratio of anteversion angle to safety zone, difference in lower limb length, or Harris hip scores at 3 months or the last follow-up postoperatively (all P>0.05). Follow-ups in both groups observed no more than one case of dislocation which responded to manual reduction. Conclusion:The minimally invasive SuperPATH approach may obtain better femoral eccentricity and higher early hip function scores than the traditional posterolateral approach, but may lead to a higher incidence of retroversion after prosthesis placement.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma in the isthmus (PTMCI) and the independent risk factors of central lymph node metastasis.Methods:58 consecutive patients with PTMCI admitted from Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2018 (isthmus group) were retrospectively analyzed, including 15 males and 43 females,age (42.93±12.69) years old; According to the specific location of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) in isthmus, PTMCI were subdivided into the right PTMCI and the left PT-MCI 67 patients with a single PTMC located in the unilateral lobe were randomly selected as a control (lobe group) , including 13 cases of male and 54 cases of female, age (47.18±11.34) years old. Index included the patient’s age, gender, tumor diameter, TPOAb, aspect ratio, microcalcification, capsular invasion, lymph node metastasis, surgical methods, operation method, and scope of lymph node dissection. SPSS 21.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The quantitative data of normal distribution was expressed as ± s,and the difference between the two groups was compared by chi-square test.The risk factors of CLNM of the isthmus group were analyzed with univariate chi-square test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.The difference was statistically significant if P<0.05. Results:Compared with PTMC, PTMCI showed a higher rate of capsule invasion ( P=0.003) ,lymph node metastasis ( P=0.049) ,lymph node metastasis in central region ( P=0.033) ,and surgical methods between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05) ;But PTMCI was significantly lower than PTMC in aspect ratio>1 ( P<0.05) . Univariate analysis showed that capsule invasion ( P=0.001) and microcalcification ( P=0.012) were risk factors for PTMCI lymph node metastasis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that capsule invasion ( P=0.016) and microcalcification ( P=0.046) were independent risk factors for central lymph node metastasis in PTMCI. Conclusions:Compared with PTMC,PTMCI indicates a higher rate of capsular invasion,lymph node metastasis in prelaryngeal and central lymph node;Compared with PTMC, PTMCI indicates a lower rate of aspect ratio>1; Capsule invasion and microcalcification are independent risk factors for central lymph node metastasis in PTMCI. For patients with the right PTMCI or the left PTMCI and also without capsular invasion and calcification,ipsilateral central lymph node dissection should be considered.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907581

ABSTRACT

Neddylation is overactivated in lung cancer, which promotes the development of lung cancer by activating its downstream CRL ubiquitin ligase and promoting the CRL tumor-suppressor protein substrate degradation. MLN4924, a small molecule inhibitor of Neddylation, plays an anti-lung cancer role by inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and senescence. Furthermore, targeting the key enzymes of Neddylation and their substrates, Cullin family proteins, can inhibit the development of lung cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) vascular hyperintensities (FVHs) in patients with chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion.Methods:From July 2016 to November 2020, patients admitted to the Department of Neurology, Jiangdu People's Hospital of Yangzhou and first found chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion were enrolled. The demographic, clinical and MRI imaging data were collected. According to the presence or absence of acute cerebral infarction, they were divided into the non-acute cerebral infarction group and the acute cerebral infarction group. According to the modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months after the onset, patients with acute cerebral infarction were further divided into the good outcome group (≤2) and the poor outcome group (>2). A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the independent correlation between FVHs and the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion and the outcome in patients with cerebral infarction. Results:A total of 94 patients with chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion were enrolled, including 38 with non-acute cerebral infarction (40.4%) and 56 with acute cerebral infarction (59.6%). In patients with acute cerebral infarction, 13 (23.2%) had a poor outcome, and 43 (76.8%) had a good outcome. The fibrinogen level, the proportion of patients with FVHs and the FVHs score in the cerebral infarction group were significantly higher than those in the non-cerebral infarction group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the FVHs score was significantly, independently, and positively correlated with the risk of acute cerebral infarction (odds ratio 2.524, 95% confidence interval 1.400-4.552; P=0.002). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at admission, the modified Rankin Scale score at admission, and FVHs score in the poor outcome group were significantly higher than those in the good outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a significant independent negative correlation between the FVHs score and the outcome of patients with cerebral infarction (odds ratio 0.144, 95% confidence interval 0.045-0.459; P=0.001). Conclusions:FVHs suggest that the blood supply is in a state of decompensation. When FVHs are present, the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with chronic middle cerebral artery occlusion is significantly increased; the wider the range of FVHs, the higher the risk of poor outcome after cerebral infarction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906474

ABSTRACT

Oral nanoparticles (NPs) has gradually become a approach to improve oral bioavailability of biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ drugs, and the transmembrane transport mechanism in the gastrointestinal tract largely depends on physicochemical characteristics of NPs. It would be beneficial to design the NPs with high transport efficiency and effectively improve the oral bioavailability of drugs by adopting a reasonable research model to analyze the transmembrane mechanism of the oral NPs and exactly reveal the relationship between the physicochemical properties and the transport mechanism of NPs. This review focused on summarizing the transmembrane approaches of oral NPs, comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the common cell models, concluding the potential interaction between the physicochemical properties and transmembrane process of NPs, and proposing the research strategy of transport mechanism based on in situ intestinal perfusion, with the purpose of discovering a suitable research model for studying the transport mechanism of different NPs, providing a basis for regulating the transport performance of the NPs to improve the oral bioavailability, and expanding the application of oral NPs in the development of new drugs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906225

ABSTRACT

With advanced brewing technology and contemporary table culture, alcohol drinking, which can be traced back to Dukang wine in the Xia dynasty, is very common in China. However, excessive alcohol intake can easily cause alcohol liver damage, ranging from abdominal pain and venous thrombosis to severe hypoglycemia and fat embolism, coma shock and even life-threatening cases. Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a cool property and sweet taste, with functions of antipyretic, promoting the secretion of saliva or body fluid, rash and hangover alleviation, and so on. It was first recorded in Shen Nong's Materia Medica and has been listed as a special anti-alcoholic medicine in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times. For example, the ancient medical book Compendium of Materia Medica and other records claim that Puerariae Lobatae Radix has the effect of relieving alcohol and protecting the liver. At the same time, Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a long history in both medicine and food. It was listed in the List of Articles That Both Serve as Food and Medicine published by the National Health Commission. Therefore, there are many products containing pueraria for hangover and liver protection. Prior to this, many scholars have carried out relevant researches on the anti-alcoholism efficacy of Puerariae Lobatae Radix, but there is a lack of systematic summaries. The author has consulted relevant domestic and foreign literatures in recent years. The related products were summarized and it was found that the anti-alcoholic effect of pueraria root mainly came from puerarin, pueraria flavonoids and pueraria polysaccharide, puerarin polypeptide, pueraria daidzein and its derivatives, including the main mechanisms such as inhibiting alcohol absorption, accelerating metabolism, anti-oxidation, protection of liver and cardiomyocytes, and neuroprotection. Related products are abundant and well evaluated, but research on related genes needs to be deepened. This article reviews the main anti-alcoholic components, mechanism of action and related products of pueraria, and puts forward suggestions for future research directions, hoping to provide reference for further related research.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906008

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil is widely distributed in Chinese medicinal materials with complex chemical components. The main components are terpenes, aromatics, aliphatics, and nitrogen and sulfur containing. It has a variety of pharmacological activities. Such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-aging and so on. It is widely used in medical and health care, agricultural efficiency enhancement, and daily products. In recent years, there have been a large number of studies on the pain relief of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) essential oils, but there is no systematic generalization. The author found that the mechanism of TCM essential oils to exert analgesic effects mainly includes regulation of the central nervous system, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antispasmodic and analgesic effects by consulting Chinese and foreign literatures in recent years, but the exact mechanism needs to be further verified. This article reviews the research progress of TCM essential oil pain relief from the aspects of pain classification, generation, analgesic mechanism and combination of other technologies, in order to provide reference for related research in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921554

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of B-type natriuretic peptide(BNP)level with hemodynamic parameters and inflammatory cytokines in patients with Gram-negative sepsis,and further determine the main factors for the significant increase of BNP level. Methods The prospective study method was applied,and septic patients infected with Gram-negative bacteria from May 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled.The patients were divided into the BNP<2400 ng/L group and the BNP≥2400 ng/L group by taking the average value of BNP as the dividing point.The independent predictors of BNP≥2400 ng/L were analyzed by Logistic regression.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between BNP and various indicators. Results A total of 106 patients with Gram-negative sepsis were included,among which 60 cases present with higher serum BNP levels than the average of(2398.45 ± 421.45)ng/L.Thus BNP≥2400 ng/L was considered as a significantly increased BNP level.Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that cardiac index(CI)[odds ratio (


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections , Hemodynamics , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Sepsis , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1371-1378, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on proteins related with apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in rats with vascular dementia (VD), and to explore the possible mechanism of moxibustion on improving VD.@*METHODS@#Thirty SD rats were selected from 100 rats (3 rats were excluded) and randomly divided into a normal group and a sham operation group, 15 rats in each group. The remaining 67 rats were treated with ischemia-reperfusion method at bilateral common carotid artery to establish VD model. The 45 rats with successful VD model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group and a medication group, 15 rats in each group. On the 7th day after successful modeling, the rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspended moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4), "Mingmen" (GV 4) and "Dazhui" (GV 14), 15 min per acupoint, once a day; there was 1 d of rest after 6 d of moxibustion, and the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The rats in the medication group was treated with nimodipine tablets by gavage, 2 mg/kg per day, 3 times a day for 4 weeks. Before and after intervention, the Morris water maze test was used to detect the escape latency of rats in each group; after the intervention, the TUNEL method was used to detect the apoptosis rate of neurons in hippocampal CA1 area; the immunofluorescence double labeling method was used to detect the number of co-expression positive cells of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax)/NeuN in hippocampal CA1 area; the immunofluorescence single labeling method was used to detect cytochrome C (cytC) and outer mitochondrial membrane receptor Tom20 (Tom20) in hippocampal CA1 area; the Western blot method was used to detect the p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) in hippocampus.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, compared with the normal group and the sham operation group, the escape latency in the model group, the moxibustion group and the medication group was prolonged (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could improve the cognitive function of VD rats, which may be related to reducing the expression of Bax, cytC, Tom20 and PUMA protein in hippocampal CA1 area, promoting the release of Bcl-2 and inhibiting the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cognition , Dementia, Vascular/therapy , Hippocampus , Moxibustion , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888506

ABSTRACT

SIRT3, SIRT4 and SIRT5 are located in mitochondria and also known as mitochondrial sirtuins. They play important roles in regulating many cellular functions including cell survival, cell cycle or apoptosis, DNA repair and metabolism. Mitochondrial sirtuins are involved in the protection of mitochondrial integrity and energy metabolism under stress regulating the expression of neurotransmitter receptors, neurotrophins, extracellular matrix proteins and various transcription factors, thus involved in epileptogenesis triggered by both genetic or acquired factors. Here we review research progress on the actions of mitochondrial sirtuin in epilepsy; and discuss the challenges and perspectives of mitochondrial sirtuin as a potential therapeutic target for epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Epilepsy/genetics , Humans , Mitochondria/genetics , Sirtuin 3 , Sirtuins
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888139

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the pharmacodynamic differences of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR), Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR) and their different processed products and the influences of these medical materials on the diversity of intestinal flora. The Sennae Folium-induced diarrhea model, streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes model and L-nitro-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME)-induced hypertension model were used to compare the pharmacodynamic differences in anti-diarrhea, blood glucose reduction and blood pressure lowering among raw, roasted and vinegar-processed PLR and PTR. The effects of raw and processed PLR and PTR on intestinal flora diversity of rats were evaluated by 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. The roasted PLR and PTR performed better in anti-diarrhea, especially the former. PLR and its processed products all presented the efficacy of reducing blood glucose, and the vinegar-processed PLR was the most outstanding. The raw PTR was not that effective in reducing blood glucose, whereas its efficacy was improved after roasting and vinegar processing. Both PLR and PTR were capable of lowering blood pressure to a certain extent, and PLR is superior to PTR in this aspect. Further, the vinegar-processed PLR showed the best effect. The diversity of intestinal flora was different among rats to which different products of PLR and PTR were administered. The roasted PLR led to the highest abundance of Lactobacillus, which was closely related to its best antidiarrheal effect. The highest abilities of vinegar-processed PLR to lower blood glucose and blood pressure were associated with the high abundance of Blautia and Prevotella_9. This study lays a foundation for elucidating the processing mechanisms of PLR and PTR and provides a basis for their further development and application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Rats
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2070-2085, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887062

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations have made tremendous progresses in modernization, whereas there exist relatively few researches pertaining to preparation structures. As demonstrated by the theory and practice of structure pharmaceutics, the structure properties of dosage forms have significant influences on the quality and efficacy of drugs, which might offer reference for the research and development of TCM dosage forms. With the application of synchrotron radiation X-ray micro-computed tomography (SR-μCT) and other novel technologies in recent years, researches in structure pharmaceutics have made huge advancement, which provide reference and methodology basis for the study of TCM preparations. The article generalized and summarized the recent progresses and methods in the structure researches of pharmaceutics and TCM preparations, and further explored the significance of the researches of structure of TCM preparations. It is expected to provide the basis for the dosage form design, production process improvement, and quality evaluation of TCM and promote the modernization of TCM preparations.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the clinical experience of surgical resection of synchronous multiple ground-glass nodules (SMGN), and explore the individualized diagnosis and treatment strategy of SMGN. Methods    Clinical data of 84 patients with SMGN who underwent thoracic surgery in Anhui Chest Hospital from July 2016 to August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, including 18 males (21.4%) and 66 females (78.6%), aged 32-80 (55.6±10.3) years. The results of operation and the information of GGNs were analyzed. Results    Except for 1 patient who was converted to thoracotomy due to extensive dense adhesion of thoracic, other patients underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery successfully. All patients recuperated successfully after operation, without severe perioperative complications or death. Finally, 79 patients were diagnosed as malignant tumors (94.0%), and 5 patients of benign lesions (6.0%). A total of 240 GGNs were removed, among which there were 168 pGGNs, including 68 benign lesions (40.5%) and 100 malignant tumors (59.5%), and 72 mGGNs, including 2 benign nodules (2.8%) and 70 malignant tumors (97.2%). Nodules diameter (P<0.001), consolidation/maximum diameter of nodule ratio (P<0.001), vacuole sign (P<0.001), air bronchograms sign (P=0.001), spine-like process (P=0.001), pleural indentation sign (P<0.001), lobulation sign (P<0.001), and vascular convergence (P=0.002) were correlated with malignant tumor. Conclusion    Analysis of the imaging features of GGNs by thin-section CT scan and three-dimensional reconstruction is of great value in predicting the benign and malignant nodules, which can guide the surgical decision-making and preoperative planning. Through reasonable preoperative planning and following certain principles, simultaneous surgical treatment for SMGN is safe and feasible.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 487-495, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873772

ABSTRACT

Nanoparticles have better applicability in the detection, treatment of cancer and various difficult diseases, but mononuclear phagocytosis system can seriously shorten the time of nanoparticles in vivo circulation, reduce the drug efficacy. The protein crown formed on the surface of the nanoparticle after entering the body can change its surface properties, interfere with the recognition of phagocytes, and thus affect its circulation time in vivo. This article outlines the general composition and formation process of protein crowns. It also summarizes the influence of the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles, such as particle size, surface charge, hydrophilicity and surface materials on the formation of protein crowns. The protein crown affects the circulation of nanoparticles in vivo, mainly because the adsorbed opsonic protein promotes cell phagocytosis. Therefore, we also introduce the method of using protein crowns to promote the long circulation of nanoparticles in vivo. By designing appropriate physical and chemical properties, surface modification, and directed design of protein crowns, the adsorption of proteins on the surface of nanoparticles can be reduced. Therefore, it can reduce the clearance of nanoparticles in the mononuclear phagocytic system (mainly the phagocytes of the liver and spleen), and achieve the goal of long circulation of nanoparticles in the body.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879172

ABSTRACT

Molecular pharmacognosy is a science of classification and identification, cultivation and protection, and production of active ingredients of graduated drugs at the molecular level. The proposal of molecular pharmacognosy allows the research of crude drugs to advance from the microscopic level to the genetic level. Pueraria lobata root, as a medicinal and edible plant, has high application value and economic value. There are many varieties that are easy to cause confusion, and it is not easy to distinguish and identify according to traditional identification methods. Moreover, the research of P. lobate root at the genetic level is still relatively shallow. the study received extensive attention of scholars. This article reviews recent research on molecular identification of P. lobate, transcriptome sequencing, cloning and synthesis of functional genes of P. lobate root in recent years in order to provide references for further promoting the development and utilization of P. lobate root and its active ingredients.


Subject(s)
Pharmacognosy , Plant Roots/genetics , Pueraria
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879034

ABSTRACT

Kudzu plants in the subfamily sphenoideae of Leguminosae are commonly used herbs in China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand, with a long history of medicinal use. They are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Japanese Pharmacopeia, Korea Pharmacopeia, Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia of India and Flora of Thailand. There are 15-20 species of Pueraria in the world, including 7 species and 2 varieties in China. At present, there are 6 species with medicinal value, such as Pueraria lobata and P. thomsonii. The main chemical components of the genus are isoflavones, flavonoids, terpenes, steroids, coumarins, puerarin glycosides and benzopyrans. A total of 240 compounds have been isolated and identified from this genus, and their pharmacological effects mainly include improvement of the cardiovascular system, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-alcoholic and estrogen-like effects. In this study, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Pueraria at home and abroad were systematically summarized, in order to provide references for the material basis, quality control and further development of Pueraria genus.


Subject(s)
China , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Japan , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Republic of Korea , Thailand
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878987

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of Gegen Qinlian Decoction(GQD) on enzyme activity, gene expression and methylation level of fatty acid synthase(FASN) in adipose tissue from rats with insulin resistance induced by high-fat diet. The 60% fat-powered high-fat diet was continuously given to male SD rats to induce the insulin resistance model. Then, they were divided into five groups randomly and administrated by gavage every day for 16 weeks with following drugs respectively: 10 mL·kg~(-1)water for control group(C) and insulin resistance model control group(IR), 1.65 g·kg~(-1)GQD per day for low-dose group(GQDL), 4.95 g·kg~(-1)GQD per day for medium-dose group(GQDM), 14.85 g·kg~(-1)GQD per day for high-dose group(GQDH), and 5 mg·kg~(-1) rosiglitazone per day for rosiglitazone group(RGN). Epididymal adipose tissue was taken to determine enzyme activity of FASN by colorimetric method, mRNA expression level of Fasn by quantitative Real-time PCR(Q-PCR) and CpGs methylation level between +313 and +582 by bisulfite sequencing PCR(BSP). These results showed that Fasn expression was significantly lowered in IR model rats compared with the control rats(P<0.01). Enzymatic activity and CpGs methylation level of Fasn in IR group showed downward trends. Low and medium-dose GQD can increase enzyme activity of FASN(P<0.05). Moreover, low-dose GQD increased the total CpGs methylation level of Fasn fragment between +313 and +582 in insulin resistance rats(P<0.05). For GQDM group, the methylation frequency of CpGs at positions +506 and +508(P<0.01) as well as the methylation frequency of CpGs on the binding sites of transcription factorzinc finger protein 161(P<0.05) were significantly increased. The methylation frequency of CpG at +442 position was positively correlated with Fasn expression(P<0.01, r=0.735), and methylation frequencies of CpGs at +345 and +366 positions were positively associated to enzyme activity of FASN respectively(P<0.05, r=0.479; P<0.01, r=0.640). In conclusion, GQD can reverse enzyme activity of FASN and methylation level of Fasn in adipose tissue of insulin resistant rats, and CpG sites at positions +506 and +508 may be the targets of GQD. The methylation level of CpGs at + 345 and + 366 sites were possibly related to FASN activity, while methylation of CpG at + 442 site may be closely correlated with mRNA level of Fasn. In addition, GQD did not significantly change mRNA expression level of Fasn, but effectively reversed enzymatic activity, suggesting that GQD may regulate the post transcriptional expression of Fasn.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fatty Acid Synthases/genetics , Gene Expression , Insulin Resistance/genetics , Male , Methylation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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