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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron supplementation in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Methods: This retrospective analysis of 90 patients with recurrent IDA from May 2012 to December 2021 was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of the intravenous iron therapy group and the oral iron therapy group. Results: Among the 90 patients with recurrent IDA, 20 were males and 70 were females, with a median age of 40 (range: 14-85) years. A total of 60 patients received intravenous iron supplementation and 30 received oral iron supplementation. The hematologic response rates in the intravenous iron group were significantly higher than those in the oral iron group at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment [80.0% (48/60) vs 3.3% (1/30) and 96.7% (58/60) vs 46.7% (14/30), all P<0.001, respectively]. The median increase in hemoglobin levels was also significantly higher in the intravenous iron group than in the oral iron group [38 (4, 66) g/L vs 7 (1, 22) g/L at week 4 and 44.5 (18, 80) g/L vs 19 (3, 53) g/L at week 8, all P<0.001]. The intravenous iron group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved normal hemoglobin levels than the oral iron group (55.0% vs 0 and 90% vs 43.3%, all P<0.001, respectively). Iron metabolism indicators were tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment in 26 and 7 patients in the intravenous and oral iron groups, respectively. The median increase in serum ferritin (SF) levels in the intravenous iron group 8 weeks after treatment was 113.7 (49.7, 413.5) μg/L, and 54% (14/26) of these patients had SF levels of ≥100 μg/L, which was significantly higher than the median increase in SF levels in the oral iron group [14.0 (5.8, 84.2) μg/L, t=4.760, P<0.001] and the proportion of patients with SF levels of ≥100 μg/L (P=0.013). The incidence of adverse reactions was 3.3% (2/60) in the intravenous iron group, which was significantly lower than that in the oral iron group [20.0% (6/30), P=0.015]. Conclusion: Intravenous iron supplementation is more effective for hematologic response, faster hemoglobin increase, and higher iron storage replenishment rates compared with oral iron supplementation in patients with recurrent IDA, and it is well tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Sucrose/therapeutic use , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Iron/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report gene mutations in nine patients with hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) and analyze the characteristics of pathogenic gene mutations in HE. Methods: The clinical and gene mutations of nine patients clinically diagnosed with HE at Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital from June 2018 to February 2022 were reported and verified by next-generation sequencing to analyze the relationship between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes. Results: Erythrocyte membrane protein gene mutations were detected among nine patients with HE, including six with SPTA1 mutation, one with SPTB mutation, one with EPB41 mutation, and one with chromosome 20 copy deletion. A total of 11 gene mutation sites were involved, including 6 known mutations and 5 novel mutations. The five novel mutations included SPTA1: c.1247A>C (p. K416T) in exon 9, c.1891delG (p. A631fs*17) in exon 15, E6-E12 Del; SPTB: c.154C>T (p. R52W) ; and EPB41: c.1636A>G (p. I546V) . Three of the six patients with the SPTA1 mutation were SPTA1 exon 9 mutation. Conclusion: SPTA1 is the most common mutant gene in patients with HE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Elliptocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism , Erythrocyte Membrane/metabolism , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 300-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the metabolic characteristics of anti-human T-cell porcine immunoglobulin (p-ATG) in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) . Methods: For patients with SAA treated with p-ATG combined cyclosporine A (CsA) immunosuppressants between February 2017 and December 2017, the p-ATG dose was 20 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) over 12 h of intravenous administration for 5 consecutive days. The blood concentration of p-ATG was detected by the three-antibody sandwich ELISA method, the pharmacokinetic analysis software was fitted, and the second-chamber model method was used to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters and plot the pharmacokinetic curve. Adverse events were recorded and the hematologic reactions were determined at 6 months after treatment. Results: Sixteen patients with SAA treated with p-ATG were enrolled, including 8 females and 8 males, with a median age of 22 years (range, 12 to 49 years) and a median weight of 62.5 kg (range, 37.5 to 82.0 kg) . The pharmacokinetics of p-ATG could be evaluated in 14 cases. p-ATG is distributed in vivo as a two-chamber model, with an average drug concentration peak (T(max)) of (5.786±2.486) days, a peak concentration (C(max)) of (616±452) mg/L, and a half-life of (10.479±8.242) days. The area under the drug time curve (AUC) was (5.807±3.236) mg/L·d. Six months after treatment, 8 of 14 patients received a hematologic response; the AUC (0-t) of the effective group and ineffective groups was (7.50±3.26) mg/L·d vs (4.50±2.18) mg/L·d, and the C(max) was (627±476) mg/L vs (584±382) mg/L, respectively. Conclusion: The plasma concentration of p-ATG reached a peak after 5 days of continuous infusion, and then decreased slowly, with a half-life of 10.479 days, and the residual drug concentration was detected in the body 60 days after administration. A relationship between drug metabolism and efficacy and adverse reactions could not be determined.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Swine , T-Lymphocytes , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 393-399, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reassess the predictors for response at 6 months in patients with severe or very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA) who failed to respond to immunosuppressive therapy (IST) at 3 months. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 173 patients with SAA/VSAA from 2017 to 2018 who received IST and were classified as nonresponders at 3 months. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate factors that could predict the response at 6 months. Results: Univariate analysis showed that the 3-month hemoglobin (HGB) level (P=0.017) , platelet (PLT) level (P=0.005) , absolute reticulocyte count (ARC) (P<0.001) , trough cyclosporine concentration (CsA-C0) (P=0.042) , soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) level (P=0.003) , improved value of reticulocyte count (ARC(△)) (P<0.001) , and improved value of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR(△)) level (P<0.001) were related to the 6-month response. The results of the multivariate analysis showed that the PLT level (P=0.020) and ARC(△) (P<0.001) were independent prognostic factors for response at 6 months. If the ARC(△) was less than 6.9×10(9)/L, the 6-month hematological response rate was low, regardless of the patient's PLT count. Survival analysis showed that both the 3-year overall survival (OS) [ (80.1±3.9) % vs (97.6±2.6) %, P=0.002] and 3-year event-free survival (EFS) [ (31.4±4.5) % vs (86.5±5.3) %, P<0.001] of the nonresponders at 6 months were significantly lower than those of the response group. Conclusion: Residual hematopoietic indicators at 3 months after IST are prognostic parameters. The improved value of the reticulocyte count could reflect whether the bone marrow hematopoiesis is recovering and the degree of recovery. A second treatment could be performed sooner for patients with a very low ARC(△).


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Receptors, Transferrin/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 115-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929542

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal the compensatory features of bone marrow (BM) erythropoiesis in hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and to explore the effect of diferent hemoglobin levels on this compensation. Methods: Clinical and laboratory data of patients with HS were collected, and the peripheral blood absolute reticulocytes counts value was taken as the surrogate parameter to evaluate the ability of erythropoiesis compensation. BM erythropoiesis compensation in HS with diferent degrees of anemia were evaluated. Results: ①Three hundred and two patients were enrolled, including 115 with compensated hemolytic disease, 74 with mild anemia, 90 with moderate anemia, and 23 with severe anemia. ②Hemoglobin (HGB) was negatively correlated with serum erythropoietin in the decompensated hemolytic anemia group (EPO; rs=-0.585, P<0.001) . ③The median absolute reticulocyte count (ARC) of HS patients was 0.34 (0.27, 0.44) ×10(12)/L, up to 4.25 times that of normal people. The maximum ARC was 0.81×10(12)/L, about 10 times that of normal people. The median ARC of patients with compensated hemolytic disease was 0.29 (0.22, 0.38) ×10(12)/L, up to 3.63 times that of normal people. The median ARC of patients with hemolytic anemia was 0.38 (0.30, 0.46) ×10(12)/L, which was significantly higher than the patients with compensated hemolytic disease, up to 4.75 times that of normal people (z=4.999, P=0.003) . ④ ARC was negatively correlated with HGB in the compensated hemolytic disease group (rs=-0.177, P=0.002) and positively correlated with HGB in the decompensated hemolytic anemia group (rs=0.191, P=0.009) . There was no significant difference in the ARC among patients with mild, moderate, and severe anemia (χ(2)=4.588, P=0.101) . ⑤The median immature reticulocyte production index of the mild, moderate, and severe anemia groups was 13.1% (9.1%, 18.4%) , 17.0% (13.4%, 20.8%) , and 17.8% (14.6%, 21.8%) , respectively; the mild anemia group had lower index values than the moderate and severe anemia groups (P(adj) values were both<0.05) , but there was no significant difference between the latter groups (P(adj)=1.000) . The median immature reticulocyte count of patients in the mild, moderate, and severe groups was 5.09 (2.60, 7.74) ×10(10)/L, 6.24 (4.34, 8.83) ×10(10)/L, and 7.00 (3.07, 8.22) ×10(10)/L, respectively; there was no significant difference among the groups (χ(2)=3.081, P=0.214) . Conclusion: HGB can be maintained at a normal level through bone marrow erythropoiesis, while red blood cells are reduced in HS. However, once anemia develops, the bone marrow exerts its maximum erythropoiesis capacity and does not increase, regardless of anemia aggravation or serum EPO increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Erythropoiesis , Reticulocyte Count , Reticulocytes , Spherocytosis, Hereditary
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 207-212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between the change of lymphocyte subsets before and after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with disease severity of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and hematologic response to IST.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 94 patients with SAA/VSAA treated by r-ATG and CsA in our hospital from December 2009 to October 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 26 patients who had sequential data of lymphocyte subsets and cytokines before and after treatment were enrolled. The relationship between lymphocyte subsets, cytokine level before IST and disease severity, as well as the relationship between changes if lymphocyte subsets, changes of cytokine and the HR after IST for 6 months was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistical differences in the ratio and absolute count of lymphocyte, the ratio and absolute count of each lymphocyte subsets, including CD3@*CONCLUSION@#The hematopoietic recovery and early hematologic remission may be affected by the intensity of immune suppression reflected from the changes of lymphocyte subsets and the immune reconstruction reflected from the recovery of lymphocyte subsets. The immune reconstruction is most significant within 3 months after IST.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lymphocyte Subsets , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 234-238, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012175

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prognostic factors of transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia (TD-NSAA) patients treated with cyclosporine A (CsA) and androgen. Methods: Clinical data of 77 consecutive TD-NSAA patients treated with CsA and androgen were retrospectively analyzed between 2010 and 2013. We obtained clinical manifestations and baseline parameters of routine blood test from responders, and compared those with non-responders. All data were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate analysis. Results: In 77 patients, there were 43 (55.8%) patients achieved hematological response after 6 months'treatment, and 53 (68.8%) patients got response after 12 months. Univariate analysis showed that platelets baseline was the only factor related to hematological response [19 (6-61) ×10(9)/L vs 13.5 (5-45) ×10(9)/L, P=0.001] after 6 months therapy. After 12 months, the statistical differences were maintained, which were platelets baseline [18 (6-61) ×10(9)/L vs 10.5 (5-45) ×10(9)/L, P<0.001], absolute reticulocytes [0.03 (0.01-0.06) ×10(12)/L vs 0.029 (0.02-0.06) ×10(12)/L, P=0.043], transfusion-dependent of platelet (P=0.007) , transfusion-dependent of platelet and erythrocyte (P=0.012) . Multivariate analysis showed that platelets baseline could be an independent prognostic factor of hematological response (P=0.010 or 0.009) . Cutoff value of platelets by receiver operating characteristic curve was 15.5×10(9)/L. Conclusion: Baseline of higher platelets, higher reticulocyte, and no transfusion dependence of platelet are favorable prognostic factors. When platelets baseline is higher than 15.5×10(9)/L, CsA and androgen regimen is rational.


Subject(s)
Humans , Androgens/therapeutic use , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Immunosuppressive Agents , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 112-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012153

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the difference of the clinical and laboratory characteristics between γδ T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia (γδT-LGLL) and αβ T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia (αβT-LGLL) . Methods: The clinical and laboratory characteristics of 17 patients with γδT-LGLL and 91 patients with αβT-LGLL in the department of therapeutic center of anemia of enrolled in our hospital from January 2009 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The median age of the 17 patients with γδT-LGLL was 54 years (range, 25-73 years) , the most common presenting symptom was anemia. In comparison with αβT-LGLL patients, splenomegaly was common (41% and 44%, respectively) , whereas hepatomegaly (12% and 5%, respectively) and lymphadenopathy (6% and 8%, respectively) were rare. The positive rates of antinuclear antibody (59% and 45%, respectively) were high, whereas the positive rates of rheumatoid factor (6% and 10%, respectively) were rare for both groups. There were no differences on peripheral blood counts between the two groups. However, γδT-LGLL patients were found to be predominantly expressed a CD4(-)/CD8(-) phenotype. Steroid therapy with prednisone was used alone as first-line therapy for 1 patient. Cyclosporin A (CsA) was used alone as first-line therapy for 3 patients. CsA in combination with steroids were administered in 13 patients. After 4 months treatment, 2 patients acquired complete response, 4 patients acquired partial response, the overall response was 35%. Conclusion: γδT-LGLL is a rare mature T-lymphocyte proliferative disease. Clinical and laboratory characteristics were quite similar for γδT-LGLL in compare with αβT-LGLL. γδT-LGLL predominantly expressed a CD4(-)/CD8(-) phenotype. The data presented here indicate the CsA is an effective option for the first-line treatment of γδT-LGLL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 818-821, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012075

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the serum expression and influencing factors of hepcidinin patients with classical paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) . Methods: Retrospective analysis of 36 classical PNH patients from 2016.3 to 2017.3. Serum hepcidin concentration was measured by ELISA method. The relationship between serum hepcidin concentration and erythropoiesis and iron homeostasis parameters was evaluated. Results: The median serum hepcidin level of 36 classical PNH patients was 32.03 (23.11, 118.48) μg/L, it was significantly lower than of 181.42 (106.80, 250.53) μg/L in 292 normal control subjects (z=-5.107, P<0.001) . The median serum hepcidin of 56.41 (44.60, 95.06) μg/L in PNH patients with normal ferritin was significantly lower than that in normal controls. The median serum hepcidin concentration 23.75 (21.77, 30.35) μg/L in iron deficiency PNH patients was lower than that in the normal ferritin PNH patients. However, the median serum hepcidin level of classical PNH with elevated ferritin patients 336.19 (304.19, 375.08) μg/L was significantly higher not only than that of normal ferritin and iron deficiency PNH ones, but also than that of normal control subjects. Regression analysis showed that serum ferritin, transferrin saturation and serum albumin level were independent influencing factors of serum hepcidin level in patients with classical PNH. Conclusion: The decreased serum hepcidin level in patients with classical PNH was mainly influenced by iron metabolism factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ferritins , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal , Hepcidins , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 898-903, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011884

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal the genetic characteristics of erythrocyte membrane protein in hereditary spherocytosis (HS) in China. Methods: Next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect mutations in genes of erythrocyte membrane proteins in 51 clinically diagnosed HS patients. The relationship between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes was analyzed. Results: Mutations in erythrocyte membrane protein genes were detected in 37 patients, including 17 with ANK1 mutations (17/37, 45.9%), 14 with SPTB mutations (14/37, 37.8%), and 5 with SLC4A1 mutations (5/37, 13.5%). One patient carried both heterozygous ANK1 mutation and SPTB mutation (1/37, 2.7%). SPTA1 and EPB42 mutation was not fou nd in any patient. Nonsense mutations (36.8%) and missense mutations (31.6%) were most common. Of the 38 mutations detected, 34 were novel mutations and have not been reported elsewhere (89.5%). Sixteen HS patients underwent parental genetic validation, 6 patients (37.5%) inherited gene mutation from parents and 10 (62.5%) were de novo. The peripheral blood cell parameters of HS patients were not related to the mutant genes and gene mutation types. However, it seems that HS patients with mild clinical status are prone to carry SPTB mutations while more patients with severe clinical status have ANK1 mutations. Conclusions: ANK1 and SPTB are the most common mutant genes in Chinese HS patients, mainly with missense mutations and nonsense mutations. There was no significant correlation between the mutation of HS related genes and the severity of HS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankyrins , Asian People , China , Mutation , Spherocytosis, Hereditary
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 414-419, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011775

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of the targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) assay for difficult congenital anemias. Methods: Blood Disease Hospital Anemia Panel 2014 (BDHAP-2014) including 217 known genes of congenital anemias was developed. NGS and parental verification were performed for patients who were suspected diagnosed with congenital anaemia from August 2014 to July 2017. Results: A total of 46 patients were enrolled in this study, the clinical suspection were 11 cases Fanconi anemia (FA), 8 cases congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA), 6 cases congenital sideroblast anemia (CSA), 12 cases congenital hemolytic anemia (CHA), 1 case dyskeratosis congenital (DC), 4 cases iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia and 4 cases unexplained cytopenia (Uc), respectively. 28 (60.9%) of 46 patients became confirmed cases after targeted NGS, corresponding to 44 mutations of which 33 were new. 26(56.5%) patients with results of the assay matching to clinical suspection, including FA (5/11, 45.5%), CSA (6/6, 100.0%), CDA (3/8, 37.5%) and CHA (12/12, 100.0%). 2 (4.3%) cases not matching to clinical suspection, including dyskeratosis congenital (DC) was made in 1(2.2%) patients with suspected FA and familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) was made in 1(2.2%) patients with suspected unexplained cytopenia (Uc). In 12 CHA patients, the hemolytic type was further clarified by the NGS. The remaining 18 cases were not clearly diagnosed. Conclusion: Targeted NGS assay is of major impact on congenital anemias. The assay should be used routinely in congenital anemias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 320-324, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011754

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the tolerance and safety of a human-mouse chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody IBI301 in Chinese patients achieved objective response with CD20(+) B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Methods: Nine patients with CD20(+) B-cell NHL received dose-escalating IBI301 infusions (250 mg/m(2), n=3; 375 mg/m(2), n=3; 500 mg/m(2), n=3, respectively). The data of all patients were collected for safety analyses. The median exposures of 125 mg/m(2), 375 mg/m(2), 500 mg/m(2) dose groups were 243, 690 and 980 mg, respectively. Safety and tolerability were evaluated by monitoring adverse events (AE). The ratios of CD19(+), CD20(+) B cells and the levels IgG and IgM were detected to evaluate the pharmacodynamics. Results: Totally 52 events of AE were observed, including 18 events of AE in 125 mg/m(2) group, 14 events of AE in 375 mg/m(2) group and 20 events of AE in 500 mg/m(2) group, respectively. There were 26 adverse reactions of 52 cases of AE, 22 reactions were judged to be probably related to IBI301, and 4 reactions were not probably related to IBI301, all disappeared or returned to baseline levels. Common AE in this study included decreased WBC, upper respiratory infection, decreased neutrophil count, dyspepsia, hyperuricemia, paresthesia, oral mucositis and dizziness. No patients quitted or trial discontinued. No severe AE (SAE) were reported. No dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) events were observed in the study. The ratio of CD20(+) and CD19(+) B cells decreased in all subjects. There was no significant changes of the levels of IgG and IgM. Conclusions: The single dose of IBI301 injection was well tolerated, and the AE occurred in the patients recovered. No SAE were reported, No DLT events were observed in the study. The IBI301 caused an elimination of the peripheral CD20-expressing B cells in all patients. Clinical trial registration: Chinadrugtrials, CTR20140762.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Child , Humans , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antigens, CD20 , Antineoplastic Agents , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Rituximab
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 137-142, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011711

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the life span of red blood cells (RBC) in patients with severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA). Methods: Clinical data of 128 SAA/VSAA patients from November 2016 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and 13 healthy volunteers in the same period was used as normal control. The endogenous Breath Carbon Monoxide (CO) test was used to detect the life span of RBC in SAA/VSAA patients, and the effect of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) on the life span of RBC in these patients was explored. Results: The mean life span of RBC in 51 untreated SAA/VSAA patients was (50.69±21.43) d, which was significantly shorter than that in normal controls[(111.85±31.55) d](t=-6.611, P<0.001). The mean life span of RBC in 77 patients treated with IST was (87.14±39.28) d. The mean life span of RBC in complete responses (CR), hematologic response (HR) and non-response (NR) patients were (106.15±32.12) d, (92.00±38.60) d and (50.44±21.56) d, respectively. The life span of RBC in patients with HR was significantly longer than that in newly diagnosed and NR patients (t=7.430, P<0.001; t=4.846, P=0.002), which was similar to that in the normal controls (t=-1.743,P=0.085). There was no statistical significance between CR patients and the normal controls in the mean life span of RBC (t=-0.558, P=0.579). No factor affecting the RBC life span was found in univariate logistical regression analyses in the newly diagnosed SAA/VSAA patients. The serum levels of IL-2R and IL-6 were much lower in HR patients than NR patients[IL-2R: 4.3×105 U/L vs 6.5×105 U/L, z=-2.733, P=0.006; IL-6: 2.6 (2.0-17.7) ng/L vs 6.1 (2.0-14.4) ng/L, z=-2.968, P=0.003]. Of the 51 newly diagnosed patients, 38 received IST and their 3-month curative effect was evaluated. Receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive effect of RBC life span of untreated patients on the efficacy of IST before treatment. The cut-off point was 60 days with sensitivity of 37.5% and specificity of 86.4%. In 9 cases with life span of RBC>60 d before IST, 6 cases acquired HR, while in 29 cases with life span of RBC ≤ 60 d before IST, 10 cases acquired HR, the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.128). Conclusion: The life span of RBC in SAA/VSAA patients was shortened, which can be improved even recovered to the normal after IST. Elevated cytokines might play a role in the pathophysiology of the shortened RBC life span in SAA/VSAA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Erythrocytes , Immunosuppressive Agents , Longevity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 612-616, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349661

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the role and mechanism of IFN-γ in the regulation of hemopoiesis in mice. Murine IFN-γ fragment was amplified from murine splenic cells with RT-PCR and plasmid pCDH1-mIFN-γ-EF1-copGFP (pCDH-mIFN-γ-GFP) was constructed. Plasmids pCDH-mIFN-γ-GFP and pCDH1-EF1-copGFP (pCDH-GFP) together with packaging plasmids pPACK-A, pPACK-B and pPACK-C were respectively transfected into 293T cells by using a method of calcium phosphate precipitation to produce lentivirus. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) from male C57BL/6J mice were transfected with the lentiviral vector pCDH expressing mIFN-γ and green fluorescent protein (GFP). The cells were cultured in M3434 semi-solid medium for colony formation assay and transplanted into lethally-irradiated mice through caudal vein injection, and the peripheral blood cell counts and GFP were monitored regularly after transplantation. The results showed that lentiviral vector pCDH-mIFN-γ-GFP was constructed successfully and 293T cells transfected with mIFN-γ secreted mIFN-γ. Transfection of mIFN-γ into BMMNC decreased colony formation, colony number of the mIFN-γ group was significantly less than that of the control group. The recovering of circulating blood cell parameters in mIFN-γ transplantation group was significantly later than control group. GFP positive cells could be detected in the peripheral blood at 8 weeks after transplantation. It is concluded that mIFN-γ may inhibit the colony-forming capacity of transduced BMMNC and delay the hematopoietic reconstitution.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Line , Genetic Vectors , Hematopoiesis , Genetics , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Pharmacology , Lentivirus , Genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Plasmids , Transfection
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 532-535, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical features and therapeutic method for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) associated with β-thalassemia, and to improve the recognition of the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One patient hospitalized for pancytopenia was reported and the related literatures were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A 14-years old girl who presented with anemia from her childhood was hospitalized for acute onset of pancytopenia. Routine blood test showed that WBC count was 1.28×10⁹/L, hemoglobin 65 g/L, platelet count 18×10⁹/L, reticulocyte count 2×10⁹/L, neutrophil count 0.03×10⁹/L and mean corpuscular volume 59.6 fl, respectively. Both bone marrow aspiration and biopsy showed hypoplasia. Her red blood cells presented as microcytic hypochromic and target erythrocytes were common on peripheral blood smear. DNA analysis of the patient and her mother showed exon 17 heterozygous β-thalassemia (c.52 A>T). A diagnosis of SAA associated with β-thalassemia was clarified and high-dose cyclophosphamide (HD-CTX, 1.2 g/d×4 d) plus cyclosporine were offeved, which eventually led to a complete hematologic remission 12 months later.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This was the first report of SAA associated with β-thalassemia, and the regimen of HD-CTX led to a complete hematologic remission.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , beta-Thalassemia , Drug Therapy
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 536-539, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and laboratory features of 2 cases of pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) with thymoma/T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia (T-LGLL), and to improve the recognition of the disease and the role of lymphocyte in its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two cases of PRCA with thymoma/T-LGLL were reported and the related literatures were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Case 1 was a 63-years old male with hemoglobin level of 54 g/L at admission. Case 2 was a 52-years old female with hemoglobin level of 79 g/L at admission. They were both diagnosed as PRCA with thymoma before admission to our hospital and had no benefit from their thymectomy. Further examinations in our hospital showed that CD3⁺CD4⁻CD8⁺CD57⁺ large granular lymphocytes amplified with clonal TCR rearrangement in their peripheral blood. The diagnosis of PRCA with thymoma/T-LGLL was clarified. Case 1 did not respond to any of the frontline therapies while case 2 responded completely to cyclosporine.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both thymoma and T-LGLL could be the cause of secondary PRCA, lymphocyte proliferation may play critical role in the pathogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure , Thymoma
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 709-713, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of serum soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) concentration in predicting early response to immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in severe aplastic anemia (SAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data and hematologic responses of 140 SAA patients treated with rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) combination with cyclosporine in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Correlation of pre-IST baseline of sTfR and IST responses was statistically analyzed and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of sTfR in prediction of early responses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum concentration of sTfR in very SAA (VSAA) patients were significantly lower than SAA and transfusion dependent non-SAA cases (P=0.001). The responders, especially at 3 months, had significantly higher pre- IST baseline of sTfR [median, 0.89 (range, 0.21-2.42) mg/L] than that [median, 0.58 (range, 0.13-1.88) mg/L] of non-responders (P=0.005). The cutoff level of 0.91 mg/L and 0.88 mg/L for predicting responses at 3 and 6 months were established based on the ROC curve, with the degree of accuracy of 65.0% and 60.7% respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-IST baseline of sTfR was the independent factor of predicting response at 3 months (P=0.007) and at 6 months (P=0.021).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As a indicator of bone marrow failure severity, sTfR could predict early response to IST therapy in aplastic anemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Therapeutics , Antilymphocyte Serum , Therapeutic Uses , Cyclosporine , Therapeutic Uses , Immunosuppression Therapy , Receptors, Transferrin , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 270-273, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359509

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and laboratory features of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II (CDA-II) in order to improve the recognition of the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case of CDA-II was reported and the related literatures were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 32-years old female presented with moderate anemia, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly from her childhood and was misdiagnosed as hereditary spherocytosis for a long time. There were no increased reticulocytes in the peripheral blood and her bone marrow showed erythroid hyperplasia with 43% of binucleated erythroblasts. Electron microscopy examination revealed stretches of double membrane lining the inner surface of the erythroblast cell membrane.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CDA-II is a rare congenital anemia characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis with unique laboratory features, and is relatively easy to be misdiagnosed. It is necessary to improve the awareness of CDA-II, and to set-up its responsible gene analysis, i.e., CDAN2 gene and SEC23B gene detection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital , Diagnosis , Genetics , Vesicular Transport Proteins , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 566-569, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278374

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics and antimicrobial resistance of bloodstream infections caused by Gram positive bacteria, so as to provide reference for the rational use of antimicrobial agent.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eight patients with bloodstream infections of Gram positive bacteria in our hospital from January 2009 to December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical manifestations, pathogen types and antimicrobial susceptibility results of pathogens isolated from bloodstream were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients had fever and 31.89% with rigor, 22.41% of the patients had no local infection lesions, 77.59% had clear infection lesions, including oral infections, respiratory tract infections and soft tissue infections. The pathogen testing showed that 12.82% were staphylococci aureus, 50.42% coagulase-negative staphylococci, 24.8% streptococci, 9.4% enterococci and 2.56% Listeria monocytogenes. Antibiotics resistance of staphylococcus and enterococci in our hospital was severe. The percentage of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in this investigation was 68.92%. The resistant rates of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCNS) to the most antimicrobial agents were higher than that methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative staphylococci. One strain of MRCNS was found resistant to teicoplanin and linezolid, and 1 strain of enterococci resistant to teicoplanin and linezolid.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gram positive bacteria shows serious drug resistance, but still keeps highly sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, teicoplanin and quinupristin/dalfopristin.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Hematologic Diseases , Microbiology , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 38-42, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252017

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the efficacy and side-effects of combination of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine A (CsA) as the first-line immunosuppressive therapy (IST) for adult severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult SAA or very severe aplastic anemia (VSAA) patients treated with rabbit ATG + CsA as first line therapy in our hospital from 2003 to 2008 were retrospectively analysed and the therapeutic response relevant factors were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy-nine patients were enrolled. Of all these patients, 6 died within 3 months after IST. The overall response rate was 82.2% and the median time to transfusion independent was 60 days. The therapeutic response rate in 32 SAA patients (100%) was significantly higher than that in 41 VSAA cases (68.3%) (P = 0.001). Patients with neutrophil response to G-CSF treatment had a higher IST response rate than those without response to G-CSF (100% vs 67.5%, P = 0.001). Sixty-one patients (77.2%) occurred serum sickness reaction. Three patients relapsed and two developed clonal hematological abnormalities after IST. The 3-year overall survival for all the patients was 88.9%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Rabbit ATG in combination with CsA as first-line IST for adult SAA can lead to excellent treatment outcomes with minor adverse effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rabbits , Young Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum , Therapeutic Uses , Cyclosporine , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Therapy, Combination , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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