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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698665


BACKGROUND: Application of neural stem cells (NSCs) is of great current interest in neuroscience, but NSCs origin is very limited. And they always differentiate into a large percentage of glial cells and small percentage of neurons in natural differentiation process, so researchers should take effective measures to promote NSCs differentiation into certain offsprings. Previous studies have shown that ginseng saponin ingredients, such as Rb1 and Rg1, have certain influence on NSCs differentiation, but it is unclear whether Rg3 plays a role on NSCs differentiation. OBJECTIVE:To preliminarily investigate the effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on mouse NSCs differentiation into neurons and astrocytes in vitro. METHODS: The fetal cortices of embryonic 14 days (E14) C57BL/6 mice were isolated for culturing primary NSCs. Then passaged NSCs were identified by their purity with NSCs specific antibodies, Nestin and Sox2, by immunofluorescence staining. NSCs were induced for 3 days in the differentiation medium containing ginsenoside Rg3 of different concentrations (blank control, 50 and 250 nmol/L). After that, immunofluorescence staining was used to identify differentiated neurons with neuronal specific antibody, Tuj1, and differentiated astrocytes with astrocyte specific antibody, GFAP. Then, we calculated and statistically analyzed Tuj1+/DAPI and GFAP+/DAPI percentages in the three different groups. Besides, real-time PCR assay was used to test Tuj1 and GFAP mRNA expression in the three groups after 3 days of differentiation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Primary and passaged NSCs were successfully cultured and almost of cells were positive for both Nestin and Sox2, so these high-purity NSCs could be used in the following experiments. Immunofluorescence staining and statistical analysis results showed that compared with the blank control and 250 nmol/L groups, 50 nmol/L group had an obviously increased neuronal percentage after 3 days differentiation (P < 0.01), while the blank control and 250 nmol/L groups had no significant difference (P > 0.05); compared with the blank control group, 50 and 250 nmol/L groups had significantly increased astrocyte percentages (P < 0.05), whereas there was no obvious difference between 50 and 250 nmol/L groups (P > 0.05). The results of real-time PCR assay were similar with the above immunofluorescence results. In conclusion, 50 nmol/L ginsenoside Rg3 can enhance mouse NSCs differentiation into neurons and astrocytes, while 250 nmol/L ginsenoside Rg3 can only promote mouse NSCs differentiation into astrocytes.

International Eye Science ; (12): 8-10, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641534


AIM: To study the effects of Sodium Hyaluronate (HA) and Bion Tears on corneal thickness in adult myopic patients.METHODS: A total of 38 cases (76 eyes) were involved in this study. Three consecutive corneal measurements (the thinnest point of the cornea,THN) were evaluated before and half an hour after the instillation of one drop of HA in one eye and Bion Tears in the other at random with the Orbscan Corneal Topography System II (Orbscan,Inc,Salt Lake City,UT,USA,Version 3.00E).RESULTS: There were no significant between-group differences in baseline variable (t=0.264). Thirty minutes after the instillation of HA and Bion tears,THN were significantly increased by 5.57±7.00μm (t=4.906,P<0.01) and 7.89±7.64μm (t=6.369,P<0.01) respectively. However,there were no between-group differences in THN changes(t=1.381,P>0.05).Increase in the corneal thickness were found in 32 eyes (84%) and 33 eyes (87%) for the HA and Bion tears group,respectively.CONCLUSION: Artificial tears including HA and Bion Tears can significantly increase the corneal thickness in a short period of time. Corneal thickness can be used as one of the objective indices for evaluating the quality and therapeutic role of artificial tears.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317842


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of some apoptosis regulators during the development in rat cochlea.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The morphological development process of cochlea was observed in Wistar rat aged between embryo day 13 to postnatal day 14 in this experiment. Survivin and caspase-3 were respectively detected at protein and mRNA levels by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of survivin and caspase-3 located in the bottom wall of the cochlear duct. Not only they widespread in the cell proliferation, but also they gradually enhanced in the cell differentiation. Both of them had a crest-time, and survivin was prior to caspase-3. In organ of corti during adult time, caspase-3 was not present and survivin was only expressed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the development of the rat cochlea, both of them had similar location and trend. But they were derangement. This showed that both of them participated in the cochlear morphological development. It was suggested that the interaction between survivin and caspase-3 regulated the apoptosis, promoted the cochlear morphological development.</p>

Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cochlea , Embryology , Metabolism , Female , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638944


Objective To observe influence of salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder applied in asthmatic exacerbated period on relieving efficacy of a fast-acting beta2-agonist.Methods Eighty-nine children with asthma in exacerbated period were randomly assigned into two groups.Thirty-nine cases in treatment group inhaled salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder, compared with 50 cases in control group treated with budesonide aerosol. Two groups were all given Bricanyl aerolised inhalation in same way at meanwhile.Results The improvement of peak expinatory flow in two groups was evident. The disappearing time of main symptoms and signs, the duration of staying in hospital of two groups were no difference (all P

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676399


Objective To investigate the methods and clinical significance of breast cancer treated with photodynamic.Methods From June to December in 2005,photodynamic therapy was used in 12 cases confirmed intramammary lymph node metastasis before operation and 15 cases confirmed chest wall recur- rences by means of lymph node imaging.Results The intramammary lymph node metastasis whose diameter between 0.5~1.0cm measured by lymph node imaging preoperatively completely disappeared when rechecked 3 months postoperatively.Chest wall recurrence regions of breast cancer whose diameter less than 1.0 cm completely remitted.Conclusion Photodynamic therapy is helpful to eliminate the intramammary lymph node metastasis and to cure the postoperative chest wall recurrence of breast cancer.