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2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 979-983, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462440

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the inhibitory effects of urocortin2 (UCN2) on ventral tegmental area (VTA) nervous activity of morphine addiction rats and the mechanism. Methods Morphine addiction rats and the microiontophoresis method were used to observe the effects of UCN2 on VTA neuron′s spontaneous dis-charge changing rule, as well as the inhibitory effects of UCN2 on DA neuron′s cluster spontaneous dis-charge, to identify UCN2 and DA on the same VTA neuron. Morever, the inhibitor of corticotropin-regula-ting factor′s receptor ( CRF-2 R ) and the blocker of protein kinase A ( PKA ) , AST-2 B and H89 , were used to investigate the effects of UCN2 on VTA neuron′s of morphine addiction rats. Results UCN2 could inhibit the firing rate 82% (31/38) of the tested VTA neuron ( P<0. 01 ) , the discharge frequency changed from (20. 89 ± 2. 86) Hz to (13. 66 ± 3. 93) Hz (P<0. 01). Further, the inhibitor of PKA, AST-2B and H89 could ablolish the inhibitory effects of UCN2 . Morever, the excitatory firing of VTA neurons was at-tenuated by addition of UCN2 , while AST application could inhibit the UCN2′s inhibitory effects. Conclu-sion UCN2 could regulate the effects of VTA via PKA pathway and may thereby contribute to the improvement of drug addiction.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 719-723, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474178

ABSTRACT

Objective To accumulate data for the physical anthropology research of Miao ethnicity adults , and find out the kinship and difference between this group and the other 10 ethnicities.Methods Viviperception and measurement were used to study the caudomedial part traits in 299 Miao ethnicity adults (146 males and 153 females ) who lived in Chishui city in Guizhou , and statistical software SPSS18.0 was used to process data .Results Apart from length of middle finger , the height of medial malleolus subpoint , and the rest 19 indices between male and female had significant difference or great significant difference (0.01

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4236-4238, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440135

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of ultrasonic Graf methods in screening developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)in infants .Methods 1 580 cases of 0-6 monthes old infants without severe limb anomalies were examined .Bilateral hip joints were examined mcluded analyzed according to Graf method .Results A total of 1 580 cases included 3 160 hip joints were analyzed ,827 were male (52 .34% ) and 753 were female (52 .34% ) among them .104 cases (6 .58% ) were diagnosed with abnormalities of the hip joints .Among the 104 cases ,88 cases (5 .57% ) were type Ⅱa hip joints ,9 cases (0 .57% ) were type Ⅱ b ,5 cases (0 .32% ) were type Ⅱc ,1 case (0 .06% ) and 1 case (0 .06% ) were type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ respectively .In each month of age abnormalities of the hip joints were diagnosed as followed :79 cases(9 .69% ) were one month old ,13 cases (3 .98% ) were two month old ,2 cases (2 .15% ) were three month old ,6 cases (2 .26% ) were four month old ,1 cases (2 .44% ) was five month old and 3 cases (7 .69% ) were six month old .Conclusion Ultrasonic Graf method can provide the basic data for incidence of developmental dysplasia of hip in infants in local region and may be helpful to offer the related standards for early screening the abnormalities of the hip joints .

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 468-472, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388733

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prevalence of atherosclerosis in Chinese premenopausal women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and study possible associations between non-traditional risk factors with premature atherosclerosis. Methods One hundred and eleven premenopausal women with SLE and 40 healthy controls without clinical cardiovascular disease were evaluated. B-mode ultrasonography was used to measure carotid plaque and intima-media wall thickness( IMT). The relationship between the patients' clinical characteristics and carotid plaque was examined. At the same time, B-mode ultrasound was used to measure flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (NMD) in the brachial artery. Using this method, the difference in endothelial function between SLE patients and controls was assessed. T-test,χ2 test and logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results Carotid plaque was more frequently observed in patients with SLE (16 of 111 patients) than in control subjects (0 of 40 subjects) (P=0.007). The mean IMT (m-IMT) (0.62 mm vs 0.45 mm, P<0.01) and maximum IMT(M-IMT) (0.7 mm vs 0.6 mm, P<0.01) was significantly higher in patients than in controls. As compared with patients without plaque, patients with plaque were significantly older, had longer disease duration, higher body mass index (BMI), higher blood pressure, shorter prothrombin time, elevated C-reactive protein level, higher SLICC score, higher cumulative prednisone dose, less hydroxychloroquine accumulated dosage, higher m-IMT and M-IMT, lower FMD and NMD. In logistic regression analysis, older age (P=0.012, OR=1.137), higher BMI (P=0.051, OR=1.205) and higher SLICC score (P=0.000, OR=2.888) were independently related to the presence of plaque. Conclusion SLE patients have higher prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis plaque than healthy controls and the age at onset is younger than controls. In addition to traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, SLE itself and disease related factors play important roles in premature atherosclerosis in SLE. SLE patients have significant endothelial dysfunction. Thus, endothelial dysfunction can be regarded as one manifestation of premature atherosclerosis in SLE.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386387

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the hemodynamic changes and vascular complications after pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).Methods The hemodynamic changes of the portal vein,the hepatic artery and the left hepatic vein of the 34 cases were evaluated by color Doppler ultrasound during 2 months after LDLT.The vascular complications after LDLT were also evaluated.Results Of the 34 cases,vascular complications occurred in 5 cases.One day after LDLT,the max velocity of portal vein was (53.97 ± 21.44) cm/s,the peak systolic velocity of hepatic artery was (52.88 ± 17.87) cm/s,the resistance index was 0.73 ± 0.09,the max velocity of left hepatic vein was (40.53 ± 25.07) cm/s.The parameters of the hemodynamics had no significant difference between 1day and 1 week after LDLT (P>0.05).The max velocity of portal vein was decreased after 2 weeks (P<0.05).After 2 months,the max velocity of portal vein and the peak systolic velocity were decreased (P<0.01 and P<0.05) compared to 1 day.Vascular thrombosis was found in 5 recipients and all occurred in the first week after LDLT.Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) occurred in 3 (8.8 %) cases,portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in 2 (5.9 %).Among the 5 cases,3 were died.Conclusion The max velocity of portal vein and the peak systolic velocity of hepatic artery were decreased gradually after LDLT.The vascular complications occurred in the early stage and had a relatively high rate.Doppler examination should be performed once every day within 7 post-transplant days.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472066

ABSTRACT

Accurate pre-operative evaluation of characteristics and various pathological subtypes of renal parenchymal tumors has important value for the choice of operation design as well as the assessment of prognosis.The advances of CT,MR and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CUES) in diagnosis of renal parenchymal tumors were reviewed in this article.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434232

ABSTRACT

Purpose:The value of color doppler ultrasonography( CDUS) in monitoring hemodynamic changes was investigated in patients with hyperdynamic circulatory state before and during 730 days after orthotopic liver transplantation.Materials and Methods:83 cases of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) were examined by CDUS to assess the hemodynamic changes of portal vein,hepatic artery,splenic artery and longitudinal diameter of the spleen ( LDS).Results:(1) Portal flow velocity ( PFV) was significantly lower in pre-OLT but higher than controls (P < 0.05 ) during 730 days after OLT.Resistance index of the hepatic artery ( HARI) in pre-OLT and within 7 days- after OLT was significantly higher (P<0.05).(2) Resistance index of splenic artery ( SARI) was also significantly higher in pre-OLT (P < 0.05 ).LDS was significantly higher after OLT than in both pre-OLT phase and controls(P<0.05).Conclusions: In early stage after OLT,HARI changed from high to low value and so did PFV,which kept the stability of hepatic blood flow.In late stage,high PFV and large spleen improved,but could not back to normal.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394175

ABSTRACT

ObJective To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography microflow imaging (MFI) in detecting prostate cancer. Methods Sixty-five patients with serum prostate-specific antigen levels higher than 4.00 μg/L were evaluated with transrectal gray-scale,power Doppler,and MFI ultrasonography and then biopsy guided by ultrasonography. Biopsy was performed at twelve sites in the base,the mid gland and the apex in each patient. In these three transverse sections, when any of the three methods showed abnormality,the biopsy site was directed to the abnormal foci. Diagnostic efficiency of the three methods for prostate cancer detection was compared based on biopsy results according to patient and biopsy site. Results Overall prostate cancers were detected in 230 (29.5 %) of 780 specimens in 36(55.4%) of 65 patients. MFI could detect more patients(34) than gray-scale(26) and power Doppler(28) (P = 0.021, P = 0.031), 6(16.7%)of the 36 patients diagnosed with cancer were identified only by MFI. By biopsy site, MFI had higher sensitivity and overall accuracy (80.0% and 83.0%) than gray-scale (47.0% and 76.8%) and power Doppler (37.4% and 74.6%) ultrasonography(P <0.001, P<0.001 ; P = 0.001, P <0.001), while the specificity of MFI was 84.4%, lower than gray-scale (89.3%) and power Doppler (90.2%) ultrasonography(P = 0.009, P < 0.001). Conclusions MFI could detect more patients and improve sensitivity and overall accuracy by biopsy site than conventional uhrasonography.

10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 1136-44, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450112

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of Cordyceps mycelia extract (CME) on portal hypertension in rats with dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) induced liver cirrhosis and probe into the mechanism of the action.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545734

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the origin of fluoride in the coal-combustion endemic fluorosis areas in the middle part of Hunan Province and to provide basic data for making preventive measure in the regions. Methods In November, 2006, the prevalence rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 10-12 years were examined, the villages were divided into three groups based on the prevalence rate of dental fluorosis. The fluoride content in the drinking water, coal, briquettes, briquette ash, clay and indoor air was determined by fluoride ion selective electrode. The quantity of fluoride release was calculated. Results There was no significant difference in the concentration of fluoride in water among the three groups, and it was below 1.0 mg/L in fluorosis and non-fluorosis areas. The fluoride levels in the coal, briquette ash and indoor air showed no statistical difference among groups. The fluoride levels of briquettes, clay and the quantity of fluorine release showed significant difference (P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449575

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Cordyceps sinensis on dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver fibrosis in rats. METHODS: SD rats were divided into normal control group, untreated group and Cordyceps sinensis-treated group. The rats in each group were fed with corresponding drug for 4 weeks. The rat's liver collagen deposition was observed with collagen staining. Hydroxyproline (Hyp) contents in liver tissue of the rats in 3 groups were determined with HCl hydrolysis. The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and type IV collagen contents were observed by Envision, and matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) activity was detected by the method of enzyme-picture. Type I collagen was detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: The contents of Hyp, TIMP-2, type IV collagen, and the expression of type I collagen in untreated group were significantly higher than those in the normal control group, while those in Cordyceps sinensis-treated group were significantly lower than those in the untreated group. The content of MMP-2 in untreated group was significantly lower than that in the normal control group, while that in Cordyceps sinensis-treated group was significantly higher than that in the untreated group. CONCLUSION: Cordyceps sinensis can considerably relieve the liver fibrosis, and the mechanism may be related to promoting the degradation of the collagens.

13.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 358-60, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Fuzheng Huayu Recipe on renal interstitial fibrosis in rats induced by the toxic substances. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups, including the normal group, model control and Fuzheng Huayu Recipe treated group. The renal fibrotic model was induced with intraperitoneal injection of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) for 4 weeks and oral administration of food containing heavy metals such as Hg, etc for 8 weeks. From the 5th week, the rats were orally administered Fuzheng Huayu Recipe for 4 weeks. The renal tissue was stained with HE and periodic acid-silver metheramine, respectively. The serum creatinine and urea nitrogen were assayed with the kits, and the renal hydroxyproline (Hyp) contents in the homogenate of kidney tissue were measured with HCl hydrolysis. RESULTS: In the model group, the renal tubule was swollen, and the tubular epithelial cells were degenerated, necrosed and detached, with the infiltration of inflammatory cells; the tubular interstitium was expanded, characterized with the deposition of large collagens; the tubular basement membrane became thicker and wrinkled; and the renal Hyp content and serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels increased remarkably as compared to the normal group. After the treatment with Fuzheng Huayu Recipe, the renal tubular inflammation and interstitial collagen deposition were alleviated, and the serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels decreased significantly as compared to the model group. CONCLUSION: Administration of DMN and heavy metals can induce the renal interstitial fibrosis and impair the renal function. Fuzheng Huayu Recipe can improve the impaired renal functions and reverse the renal interstitial fibrosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588451

ABSTRACT

Considering technology,regulations and other factors,nowadays we still use the records of print instead of in digital.《Electric Signature Law》makes a new environments for the study of electric medical records system.It regulates the writing,originally form and the save of electric medical records,affirms its value of evidence in court and prescribes what is dependable electric signature.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596644

ABSTRACT

Objective: The theses of postgraduates have their own features and needs for publication.This study investigated the time used at each stage of the production of postgraduates' theses and the influencing factors of their publication.Methods: We conducted a questionnaire investigation among 173 postgraduates on the date of their enrollment,time of theme determination,duration of production,time of submission,and expected time of publication.Results: The theses of the 173 postgraduates were written mainly under the guidance of their supervisors and seniors,with the production duration of 1-9 months.The time between submission and publication was 1-10 months.Conclusion: The limited channels of guidance for postgraduates' theses writing affect the quality of the papers.Lengthened production and suspended contribution conspire to delay the publication of their theses.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the delay in the publication of medical postgraduates' research papers and provide them with a guidance for the management of academic articles.Methods:A total of 293 articles were chosen from the Journal of Medical Postgraduates published from 2005 to 2006,of which,229 were original articles and 45 were reviews,including 184 funded and 109 non-funded research papers,and their delay in publication in different periods was statistically analyzed by SPSS13.0 software.Results:The total delay in the publication of the articles was(234.7 ? 116.9) d,including(57.0?36.8) d in manuscript examination,(109.4 ? 96.4) d in editing and(61.8 ? 52.4) d in suspension.The original articles were less delayed than the reviews,(224.2 ? 7.4) d vs(272.8 ? 19.3) d,P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588881

ABSTRACT

Diagnostic coincidence and pendency are important statistical indexes in hospital administration,they come from hospital statistical program in hospital information system.The article discusses diagnostic coincidence and pendency in hospital information system,points out the program's fatal vices and puts forward relevant method.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the delays in publication of articles (DPA) in the Journal of Medical Postgraduates(JMP).Methods:According to the corresponding rules for monthly academic journals(national:DPA

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-623243

ABSTRACT

We analyzed the final test paper of Endodontics among the 2001th grade students of the seven-year-educational mode in our university.The results indicate that the test paper has standard form,reasonable distribution of content,moderate quantity of questions and comprehensive test items.showing that most students mastered the basic principles and knowledge of this course,reflecting satisfactory teaching effect.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 441-444, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of hepatic sinusoidal endothelium injury during hepatic fibrogenesis induced by dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hepatic fibrosis of rats was induced by administration of DMN intraperitoneally three times a week for 4 weeks. The animals were harvested on day 2 and week 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, and 24. The formation of liver fibrosis and hepatic sinusoid capillarization were successively observed by morphological observation and other methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two days after treated with DMN, there was no obvious changes in the liver, but the fenestration of the sinusoidal endothelial cells decreased, and it became more obvious after one week. After four weeks, there was a large necrotic area and a number of pseudolobes appeared. The HA in the serum was lower than that of control (231.30 ng/ml +/- 143.80 ng/ml vs 56.50 ng/ml +/- 18.10 ng/ml; t=3.14, P<0.05), but the hydroxyproline content was obviously higher than that of control (223.04 microg/g +/- 37.09 microg/g vs 61.55 microg/g +/- 20.85 microg/g; t=8.28, P<0.05). Hepatic sinusoid capillarization was gradually formed and defenestration of the hepatic sinusoidal endothelium preceded the appearance of serious hepatocellular damage, hepatic fibrosis and basement membrane.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The damage and phenotypic alteration of the hepatic sinusoidal endothelium may be a vital issue triggering the liver fibrosis induced by DMN.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Animals , Dimethylnitrosamine , Toxicity , Endothelium, Vascular , Pathology , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , Chemistry , Pathology , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , von Willebrand Factor
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