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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815107

ABSTRACT

To observe corrected visual acuity and contrast sensitivity (CS) in patients with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy accompanied by fundus changes.
 Methods: Ninety-eight patients with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy and 50 healthy pregnant women underwent eye examination, including corrected visual acuity and fundus examination, and CS. Differences in corrected visual acuity and contrast sensitivity between the 2 groups were analyzed with two independent samples t-test analysis, while correlation between vision and contrast sensitivity in patients was evaluated by using spearman correlation test. Difference in CS was compared between the early and advanced stage of fundus diseases.
 Results: Corrected visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in patient with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy were lower than that in the control group (P<0.01). Corrected visual acuity in patients was associated with contrast sensitivity at variously spatial frequencies (P<0.01), showing the most correlation in contrast sensitivity at 6 of spatial frequency (r=0.87). Compared with the early stage, the CS in the advanced patients with fundus diseases was decreased (P<0.01).
 Conclusion: The visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in patient with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy are reduced. The CS (6.0 c/d) has the largest correlation with corrected visual acuity. Comparing with the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity can be more comprehensive in evaluation of retinal function damage in patients with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Contrast Sensitivity , Physiology , Female , Fundus Oculi , Humans , Hypertension , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Retinal Diseases , Vision Disorders , Visual Acuity , Physiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637593

ABSTRACT

Background In recent years,some researches show that getting younger over the diabetes mellitus (DM) was an obrious trend.But studies of early diabetic retinopathy in young people with diabetes were few.Both patients and doctors did not put enough importance on it.Objective This study was to evaluate the earlier dynamic changes of retina morphology and function caused by type 2 DM in young population.Methods A cohort study was designed.One hundred and thirty-six young patients who were initially diagnosed as type 2 DM in Cangzhou Central Hospital were included from January to March in 2010 and 91 healthy individuals with the matched age were enrolled at the same period.Glycated hemoglobin (HbAlc) level in blood was assayed yearly,and ophthalmoscope,optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual contrast sensitivity (CS) examinations were performed to evaluate the dynamic changes of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness around optical disc,retinal function and retinal microvessels of DM patients.In addition,the correlation between RNFL thickness or CS and average HbAlc level in DM patients was assessed.This study followed Declaration of Helsinki,and written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results The levels of HbAlc in DM patients were (7.5 ±1.6) %,(7.2 ±1.6) %,(7.4 ±1.6) %,(7.6±1.6)% and (7.7 ±1.6)% in 2010,2011,2012,2013 and 2014,respectively,and HbAlc≥7.0% was observed in 74 patients (54.4%).The RNFL thicknesses of full optic disk and superior 1/4 quadrant of the optic disk were significantly declined in 2012,2013 and 2014 in the DM group compared with the normal control group (full disk:t =2.216,5.003,7.303;all at P < 0.05.superior 1/4 quadrant:t =2.382,5.657,7.194;all at P < 0.05),but no significant differences were found between them in 2010 and 2011 (all at P>0.05).In the DM group,RNFL thicknesses of full optic disk were (99.94±10.01) μm and (96.32±10.32) μm in 2013 and 2014,which were significantly lower than (104.55±9.23) μm in 2010 (t=7.819,13.959,both at P<0.05);the RNFL thicknesses of superior 1/4 quadrant around disk were (118.64± 13.98) μm and (115.06 ± 14.35) μm in 2013 and 2014,which were significantly lower than (127.48± 13.67) μm in 2010 (t =10.504,14.758,both at P<0.05),However,the RNFL thicknesses were not significantly changed among the different time points in the normal control group (all at P>0.05).In addition,the CS values of 3.0,6.0,12.0,18.0 c/d in 2013 and 2014 in the DM group were lower than those in the normal control group (all at P<0.05),and the CS values in 2013 and 2014 were reduced in comparison with 2010 in the DM group (all at P<0.05).Positive correlations were found between the differences of RNFL thickness or CS and the average HbAlc level in the DM group (r =0.640,F =8.991,P =0.000;r =0.541,F =7.572,P =0.000).Retinal microaneurysms were seen in two type 2 DM patients by ophthalmoscope at the end of follow-up.Conclusions The young people with type 2 DM have poor blood glucose control.The RNFLs are thinning and visual functions are declining in young type 2 DM patients with the lapse of disease course,and these retinal damages are associated with poor control of blood glucose.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1136-41, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445578

ABSTRACT

Triptolide (TP) is a major active component in Tripterygium root, but its therapeutic window was very narrow due to its severe multi-organ toxicity. In this work, the effect of TP combined with glycyrrhetic acid (GA) on mRNA expression and activity of four cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in rat liver was studied after intragastric administration of TP (0.05, 0.3 and 0.6 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) and TP (0.6 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) combined with GA (30 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) for 7 consecutive days. Compared with the control, the high dose of TP significantly up-regulated the mRNA expression levels of CYP2E1, 1A2, 3A1 and 2C11, the co-administration of TP and GA further up-regulated the mRNA expression levels of CYP3A1, 2C11 and 2E1 as compared with the high dose of TP. Meanwhile, TP at high dose and combined with GA significantly increased CYP3A-associated testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation activity (2.2-fold and 4.1-fold, respectively) as compared with the control. Because TP is mainly metabolized by CYP3A2 in male rats, the present work indicated that TP-induced increase of CYP3A activity might be an important reason for the rapidly metabolic clearance of TP in rat liver, and GA can reduce the hepatotoxicity of TP by promoting its hepatic metabolic clearance. Furthermore, the results also suggest that the drug interactions might be occurred when TP and GA were co-administered with other CYP3A substrate drug.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 573-80, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415045

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The activities of four CYP450 enzymes (CYP3A, 1A2, 2El and 2C) and the mRNA expression levels of CYP1A2, 2El, 2Cll and 3A1 in rat liver were determined after Wistar rats were orally administered with brucine (BR) at three dosage levels (3, 15 and 60 mg.kg-1 per day) and the high dose of BR combined with glycyrrhetinic acid (GA, 25 mg.kg-1 per day) or liquiritin (LQ, 20 mg.kg-1 per day) for 7 consecutive days. Compared with the control, brucine caused 24.5% and 34.6% decrease of CYP3A-associated testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation (6betaTesto-OH) and CYP2C-associated tolbutamide hydroxylation (Tol-OH), respectively, and 146.1% increase of CYP2El-associated para-nitrophenol hydroxylation (PNP-OH) at the high dose level. On the other hand, (BR+GA) caused 51.4% and 33.5% decrease, respectively, of CYP2El-associated PNP-OH and CYP1A2-associated ethoxyresorufin-O-de-ethylation (EROD) as compared with the high dose of BR group. Meanwhile, (BR+LQ) caused 41.1% decrease of CYP2El-associated PNP-OH and 37.7% increase of CYP2C-associated Tol-OH. The results indicated that the co-administration of BR with GA or LQ had effect on mRNA expression and activities of the CYP450 enzymes mentioned above to some extent, and the in vivo antagonism of LQ on BR-induced CYPs adverse effects and the in vivo inhibitory action of GA on CYP2E1 and 1A2 might play an important role in the detoxification of Radix Glycyrrhizae against Strychnos nux-vomica L.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 484-8, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382336

ABSTRACT

To study the influence of the compatibility of ophiopogonis tuber and Chinese magnoliavine fruit with gastrodia rhizome on the pharmacokinetics of gastrodin in rat, three dosages of compound Tianma granule extract (equivalent to gastrodin 50, 100, 200 mg x kg(-1)) and one dosage of Tianma extract (equivalent to gastrodin 100 mg x kg(-1) were administered to rats by intragastric administration separately. Plasma samples were collected at different times and treated with methanol and acetonitrile to precipitate protein. The contents of gastrodin in plasma were determined by HPLC method. The mean plasma concentration-time curves of different medication administration teams were processed with WinNonlin 5.2.1 pharmacokinetic software. The pharmacokinetic parameters of different medication administration teams were analyzed with SPSS statistics 17.0 software. The results indicated that the in vivo kinetic process of gastrodin was fitted to first-order absorption un-compartment model at low, middle dosages and zero-order absorption un-compartment model at high dosage of compound Tianma granule extract. By comparison with the pharmacokinetic parameters of gastrodin (100 mg x kg(-1)) in Tianma extract, the significant decrease for Cmax and significant increase for MRT0-infinity in compound Tianma granule extract indicated that the compatibility of ophiopogonis tuber and Chinese magnoliavine fruit with Gastrodia rhizome can delay the absorption, reduce the elimination rate and prolong the action time of gastrodin in vivo.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Maijun'an Tablets on expression of endothelin-1(ET-1) and nitricoxide synthase(NOS) in tissues and plasma of spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR). Methods:12 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) were divided randomly into normal control group and drug administration group. Rats in drug administration group were orally given with Maijun'an Tablets (hydrochlorothiazide 10 mg?kg-1.d-1,puerarin 36 mg?kg-1.d-1 and total alkaloid of rhynchophylla 122 mg?kg-1.d-1) once a day for 4 weeks,and rats in control group were orally dosed with equal amount of physiological saline. All animals were sacrificed after 4 weeks. The mRNA and protein contents of ET-1 and NOS in plasma,liver,kidnay and blood vessel were determined. Results:Compared with the control group,Maijun'an Tablets can effectively reduce blood pressure of SHRs,regulate down the content of ET-1 and regulate up the content of NOS at mRNA and protein levels. Conclusion:The up-regulation of NOS and down-regulation of ET-1 at mRNA and protein levels were the major antihypertensive machnisam of Maijun'an Tablets for SHRs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To scan the common differentially expressed genes in mice liver tissue following subacute exposure to hepatotoxicants,including alcohol,carbon tetrachloride,BCG & LPS,the alcohol extracts of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae and Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.,and apply to the rapid toxic evaluation of TCM and other xenobiotics.Methods:The gene expression profiles of mice liver tissue,after respective administration of alcohol,CCl4,BCG associated with LPS,the alcohol extracts of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae and Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.to healthy mice,were analyzed by use of mouse genome cDNA microarray.The correlations between the common differential expressed genes and the liver injury were analyzed based on the biological functions of those differentially expressed genes.Results:Among all of the five drug administration groups,there were 7 known function genes(BC05200,NM-019410,NM-173019,AB028272,AK088925,AK030862 and AK088816)and 1 unknown function gene(BC069871)differentially expressed.Beside AK088816,the other 7 genes were all down-regulate expressed.Conclusion:The common differentially expressed genes participate in the process of saccharometabolism,apoptosis,cell growth cycle,cytoskeleton and signal transmission,protein folding and protein ubiquitin.The abnormal expression of the common genes were closely correlated to the liver,and might be important for rapid hepatoxicity elucidation of traditional Chinese medicine and other xenobiotics.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577213

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the non-covalent binding between the tectoridin(TE) and plasma proteins.Methods The molecular weights of TE,human serum albumin(HSA),?1-acid glycoprotein(AAG) and the protein-drug complexes were measured by the electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry(ESI-MS).The maximum stoichiometric ratios were obtained according to the molecular weight change of the complexes before and after binding reaction.The binding constants(K) of the complexes were calculated by the Scatchard equation.The main sorts of binding force of the complexes were deduced according to the relationship between the reaction temperature and the thermodynamic parameters(?H and ?S).Results The K of the complexes were 1.914?104 mol/L for TE-HSA and 5.893?104 mol/L for TE-AAG,and the number of binding sites were 7.8 and 3.3,respectively.The main sorts of binding force between TE-HSA or TE-AAG were static-electricity gravitation.Conclusion ESI-MS is a good method for studying of the TE-protein non-covalent binding with some advantages in sensitivity,high-speed,and accuracy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574544

ABSTRACT

Objective To elucidate the ESI-MS performance of lipophilic tanshinones and to establish a fingerprint of lipophilic tanshinones of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiza.Methods The lipophilic tanshinones were extracted by ultrasonic wave with 95% ethanol from Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiza and the extracts were analyzed directly in positive ion mode by electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry(ESI-MS).Results The lipophilic tanshinones were easily to form molecular ions ~+ and dimeric sodium adduct ions ~+ in positive ion mode,molecular ions of lipophilic tanshinones were fragmentated through lossing H_2O,CO and A-ring cleavages in ESI-MS~2.The ESI-MS fingerprints of lipophilic tanshinone extracts with 14 selected characteristic peaks analyzed with SPSS software were characteristic and stable.Conclusion Lipophilic tanshinones have similar ESI-MS performance;the ESI-MS fingerprint is a useful tool for a rapid and special identification of lipophilic tanshinones in selected traditional Chinese medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573822

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the characteristic ESI-MS spectra of five Bulbus Fritillariae species and to be used for identification of Bulbus Fritillariae species.Methods The Bulbus Fritillariae medicinal materials were dipped in 18% ammonia solution,then the alkaloids were extracted by ultrasonic using the mixed solvent of ether-chloroform-ethanol(25∶8∶2.5).The extracts were analyzed directly by ESI-MS in positive ion mode.Results Bulbus alkaloids easily formed molecular ions(~+) in MS and dimerized easily in alcohol solution,which did not dimerize in acidity solution.Collision induced dissociation(S-CID) made these alkaloids easily lose a molecule of H_2O.The MS spectra of the extracts of five Bulbus Fritillariae species indicated that the major molecular ions were similar to each other,but different varieties showed very different relative abundances of these molecular ions.Conclusion The total alkaloid extracts of five Bulbus Fritillariae species have strong characteristic ESI-MS spectra and these spectra are of good reproducibility and precision,respectively.These characteristic spectra are useful for the identification of Bulbus Fritillariae species.

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