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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 4-10, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873539

ABSTRACT

@#Resection is crucial for treating non-small cell lung cancer. Routine follow-up after surgery is an effective method for early detection and treatment of tumor recurrence and metastasis or the second primary tumor, which can improve the quality of life of patients and their prognosis. This consensus aims to provide a reference for colleagues responsible for postoperative follow-up of non-small cell lung cancer patients in China, and further improve the standardization of lung cancer diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 141-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancelation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. The purpose of the clinical recommendations is to form a diagnosis and treatment plan suitable for the current domestic medical situation for the immune-related adverse event (irAE).@*METHODS@#This recommendation is composed of experts in thoracic surgery, oncologists, thoracic medicine and irAE related departments (gastroenterology, respirology, cardiology, infectious medicine, hematology, endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, emergency section) to jointly complete the formulation. Experts make full reference to the irAE guidelines, large-scale clinical research data published by thoracic surgery, and the clinical experience of domestic doctors and publicly published cases, and repeated discussions in multiple disciplines to form this recommendation for perioperative irAE.@*RESULTS@#This clinical recommendation covers the whole process of prevention, evaluation, examination, treatment and monitoring related to irAE, so as to guide the clinical work comprehensively and effectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perioperative irAE management is an important part of immune perioperative treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous development of immune perioperative treatment, more research is needed in the future to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of perioperative irAE.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 295-302, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805064

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The role of planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy in the non-radical resection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was unclear. The study aimed to evaluate their therapeutic effect and analyze the prognostic factors.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received neoadjuvant radio therapy (33 patients) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (119 patients) from January 2004 to December 2016 in our single-institution database.The survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic factors were analyzed by using Log rank test and Cox proportional hazards model.@*Results@#The median follow-up was 29.8 months. One hundred and one patients survived more than 3 years. The rates of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years were 63.9% and 55.6%, respectively.The rates of complete, partial and minimal pathological response of the primary tumor were 50.3%, 38.4%, 11.3%, the corresponding 3-year OS were 75.5%, 57.4%, 27.3% (P<0.001) and 3-year DFS were 72.0%, 44.7%, 17.6% (P<0.001), respectively.The postoperative lymph node metastasis rate was 27.0%. The 3-year OS and DFS of the lymph node positive group was 45.6% and 32.8%, significantly lower than 70.8% and 63.7% of the negative group (both P<0.001). The 3-year OS and DFS of pathologic stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, ⅢA, ⅢB and Ⅵ A were 76.2%, 57.4%, 64.7%, 35.0%, 33.3% (P<0.001) and 70.1%, 49.3%, 41.2%, 22.1%, 33.3% (P<0.001), respectively.The operation-related mortality was 3.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, more than 15 lymph node dissection and ypTNM stage were the independent prognostic factors of OS (P<0.05 for all).@*Conclusions@#The planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for the non-radical resection of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma could result in favorable survival. The chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, the number of lymph node resection and ypTNM stage are the independent prognostic factors of the prognosis of these patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 633-637, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil (NE) in the blood is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer incidence.@*Methods@#From 2006 to 2007, all employees and retirees from Kailuan (Group) Limited liability Corporation were included in this Kailuan Cohort study. The last follow-up date was December 2015. Data on new cases of lung cancer were collected, and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to the relationship between baseline CRP and NE at baseline and risk of lung cancer.@*Results@#A total of 92 735 participants were enrolled in this study. During the follow-up, 850 new cases of lung cancer were identified. All subjects were divided into four groups according to the combination level of CRP and NE at baseline: CRP≤3 mg/L and NE≤4×109/L(Group A), CRP≤3 mg/L and NE>4×109/L(Group B), CRP>3 mg/L and NE≤4×109/L(Group C), CRP>3 mg/L and NE>4×109/L(Group D). The cumulative incidence of lung cancer were 950/100 000, 1 030/100 000, 1 081/100 000 and 1 596/100 000 in these four groups, respectively (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional risk model showed that participants from Group D had an significantly increased 72% risks of lung cancer when compared to Group A (95% CI: 1.40~2.12, P<0.001). Stratified analyses gender showed that males in Group D had higher risk of lung cancer when compared with participants in Group A (HR=1.73, 95% CI: 1.40~2.15, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Elevated levels of CRP and NE might increase the risk of lung cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 104-109, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Surgeons are the direct decision-makers and performers in the surgical treatment of patients with lung cancer. Whether the differences among doctors affect the survival of patients is unclear. This study analyzed the five-year survival rates of different thoracic surgeries in patients undergoing surgery to assess the physician's impact and impact.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of five years between 2002-2007 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, for surgical treatment of lung cancer patients. According to different surgeons grouping doctors to compare the basic information of patients, surgical methods, short-term results and long-term survival differences.@*RESULTS@#A total of 712 patients treated by 11 experienced thoracic surgeons were included in this study. The patients have nosignificant difference with gender, age, smoking, pathological type between groups. There were significant differences in clinical staging, surgery type, operation time, blood transfusion rate, number of lymph node dissection, palliative resection rate, postoperative complications and perioperative mortality. There was a significant difference in five-year survival rates among patients treated by different doctors. This difference can be seen in all clinical stage analyzes with consistency. In the multivariate analysis, it was suggested that surgeon was an independent factor influencing the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thoracic surgeon has a significant effect on the therapeutic effect of lung cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Survival Analysis , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 180-184, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776328

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Simultaneity multiple primary lung cancer always is a rare disease, but in recent years due to the progress of the diagnosis and treatment means detection rate increased. This study summarized the clinical data of 31 cases of synchronous multiple primary lung cancer (sMPLC) analysis, further to explore the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of MPLC.@*METHODS@#Sum up the clinical data of 31 cases of simultaneous multiple primary lung cancer, the diagnostic method, surgical methods, pathology, were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients are thoracoscope surgery, no deaths. Thin high resolution computed tomography (CT) in preoperative found multiple lung nodules. Lesions located in the same side of the same period surgical treatment, the operation method is given priority to with under the thoracoscope lung + the lobectomy; Lesions located in bilateral, all staged operation, the time interval for 3 months-4 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thin layer distinguish CT preoperative diagnosis is the best way to simultaneous multiple primary lung cancer. Multiple primary lung cancer incidence of ipsilateral lung at the same time higher than that of bilateral lung (23:8), type, around 94%, the most common histology to adenocarcinoma, 80.6% (25/31). Primary lesions under thoracoscope lobectomy plus the lobectomy of secondary lesions is the most commonly used.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 909-913, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and lung cancer risk in Chinese males.Methods Information on alcohol consumption and outcomes were collected on a biennial basis among males in Kailuan Cohort (2006-2015).In addition,electronic databases of hospitals affiliated to Kailuan Community,Insurance Systems of Kailuan Community and Tangshan were also used for supplementary information retrieval.Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of baseline frequency and type of alcohol consumption associated with lung cancer risk in males.Non-drinkers were used as control group.Results A total of 101 751 males were included and 913 new lung cancer cases were identified in the Kailuan male cohort study,with a total follow-up time of 808 146.56 person-years and a median follow-up time of 8.88 years by 31 December 2015.After adjusting for potential confounding factors,the HR of former drinkers,occasional drinkers (< 1/day) and drinkers (≥ 1/day) were 1.30 (95%CI:0.90-1.88),0.80 (95%CI:0.64-1.01) and 1.04 (95%CI:0.85-1.27),respectively,compared with non-drinkers.In addition,drinking beer/red wine (HR=0.91,95%CI:0.69-1.20) and white wine (HR=0.99,95% CI:0.83-1.19) showed no significant association with lung cancer.The results were similar when stratified analysis were conducted.Conclusion Our study results don't support the hypothesis that alcohol consumption is significantly associated with the risk of lung cancer in males.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 604-608, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738009

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the association and intensity of baseline TC level with the incidence of lung cancer in men in China.Methods Since May 2006,all the male workers,including the employees and the retirees in Kailuan Group were recruited in the Kailuan male dynamic cohort study.Information about demographics,medical history,anthropometry and TC level were collected at the baseline interview,as well as the information of newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period.According to guidelines for blood lipids in Chinese adults and the distribution in the population,TC level was classified into five groups as followed:< 160,160-,180-,200-and ≥240 mg/dl,with the second quintile group (160-mg/dl) serving as the referent category.Cox proportional hazards regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to evaluate the association and the nonlinear association between baseline TC level and the risk of lung cancer in the men.Results By December 31,2014,for the 109 884 men,a follow up of 763 819.25 person-years was made with a median follow-up period of 7.88 years.During the follow up,808 lung cancer cases were identified.After adjustment for age,education level,income level,smoking status,alcohol consumption level,history of dust exposure,FPG level and BMI,HR (95%CD of lung cancer for men with lower TC level (<160 mg/dl) and higher TC level (≥240 mg/dl) were 1.34 (1.04-1.72) and 1.45 (1.09-1.92),respectively,compared with men with normal TC level (160-mg/dl).The results didn't change significantly after exclusion of newly diagnosed cancer cases within 2 years of follow up and subjects with the history of hyperlipidemia.Conclusion Our results showed that TC might be associated with higher risk of lung cancer.Men with lower TC level or higher TC level had higher risk for lung cancer.Keep moderate TC level might be one of the effective precaution for the prevention of lung cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 909-913, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736602

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and lung cancer risk in Chinese males.Methods Information on alcohol consumption and outcomes were collected on a biennial basis among males in Kailuan Cohort (2006-2015).In addition,electronic databases of hospitals affiliated to Kailuan Community,Insurance Systems of Kailuan Community and Tangshan were also used for supplementary information retrieval.Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of baseline frequency and type of alcohol consumption associated with lung cancer risk in males.Non-drinkers were used as control group.Results A total of 101 751 males were included and 913 new lung cancer cases were identified in the Kailuan male cohort study,with a total follow-up time of 808 146.56 person-years and a median follow-up time of 8.88 years by 31 December 2015.After adjusting for potential confounding factors,the HR of former drinkers,occasional drinkers (< 1/day) and drinkers (≥ 1/day) were 1.30 (95%CI:0.90-1.88),0.80 (95%CI:0.64-1.01) and 1.04 (95%CI:0.85-1.27),respectively,compared with non-drinkers.In addition,drinking beer/red wine (HR=0.91,95%CI:0.69-1.20) and white wine (HR=0.99,95% CI:0.83-1.19) showed no significant association with lung cancer.The results were similar when stratified analysis were conducted.Conclusion Our study results don't support the hypothesis that alcohol consumption is significantly associated with the risk of lung cancer in males.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 604-608, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736541

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the association and intensity of baseline TC level with the incidence of lung cancer in men in China.Methods Since May 2006,all the male workers,including the employees and the retirees in Kailuan Group were recruited in the Kailuan male dynamic cohort study.Information about demographics,medical history,anthropometry and TC level were collected at the baseline interview,as well as the information of newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period.According to guidelines for blood lipids in Chinese adults and the distribution in the population,TC level was classified into five groups as followed:< 160,160-,180-,200-and ≥240 mg/dl,with the second quintile group (160-mg/dl) serving as the referent category.Cox proportional hazards regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to evaluate the association and the nonlinear association between baseline TC level and the risk of lung cancer in the men.Results By December 31,2014,for the 109 884 men,a follow up of 763 819.25 person-years was made with a median follow-up period of 7.88 years.During the follow up,808 lung cancer cases were identified.After adjustment for age,education level,income level,smoking status,alcohol consumption level,history of dust exposure,FPG level and BMI,HR (95%CD of lung cancer for men with lower TC level (<160 mg/dl) and higher TC level (≥240 mg/dl) were 1.34 (1.04-1.72) and 1.45 (1.09-1.92),respectively,compared with men with normal TC level (160-mg/dl).The results didn't change significantly after exclusion of newly diagnosed cancer cases within 2 years of follow up and subjects with the history of hyperlipidemia.Conclusion Our results showed that TC might be associated with higher risk of lung cancer.Men with lower TC level or higher TC level had higher risk for lung cancer.Keep moderate TC level might be one of the effective precaution for the prevention of lung cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 511-516, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806587

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between tea consumption and lung cancer risk in Chinese males.@*Methods@#Tea consumption and incident lung cancer cases were collected on a biennial basis among males in Kailuan Cohort during 2006-2015. Up to 31st December 2015, a total of 103 010 male candidates from the Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort Study were enrolled in the present study. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to evaluate the association between tea consumption and risk of lung cancer in males.@*Results@#The age of male candidates was (51.3±13.4)years old. There were 828 810.74 person-years of follow-up and 8.91 years of median follow-up period. During the follow-up, 964 lung cancer cases were identified. In male, the rate of never cosumers, tea drinkers (<4/week) and tea drinkers (≥4/week) were 58.17%(n=59 926), 24.04%(n=24 765) and 17.78%(n=18 319), respectively. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, HR (95%CI) of lung cancer for subjects with tea drinkers (<4/week) and tea drinkers (≥4/week) were 0.80 (0.63-1.02) and 1.02 (0.80-1.30), respectively, as compared with never cosumers. The results showed no significant association with lung cancer. Stratification analysis and sensitivity analysis showed no significant changes.@*Conclusion@#Our study has not found that tea consumption is significantly associated with the risk of male lung cancer.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 300-302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806411

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the impact of the advance of the times and technological progress on the surgical treatment of lung cancer.@*Methods@#The data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated by thoracic surgery at Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The population distribution, operation methods and treatment results were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#510 patients (in 2005) and 1 235 (in 2015) non-small cell lung cancer patients were included in this study. The proportions of male patients (79.0% vs. 55.8%), smoking (52.9% vs. 30.1%), squamous cell carcinoma (50.2% vs. 22.4%) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) (0 vs. 61.1%), stage Ⅰ (15.2% vs. 36.8%), the number of lymph node dissection (21.8 vs. 16.6), intraoperative blood transfusion rate (9.6% vs. 1.9%), palliative resection rate (7.5% vs. 2.0%), the average length of stay (10.8 d vs. 7.6 d) were significantly changed. There was no significant difference in the average age of patients and operation time.@*Conclusion@#There was a significant change in the distribution of population and surgical techniques in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery in last ten years.

13.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 520-526, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733477

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to explore the association between human papillomavirus( HPV) and prognosis of lung cancer by meta-analysis. Methods The PubMed,Embase and Cochrane literature databases studies were searched using a combination of subject terms and free words. As of October 2018,a total of 123 related documents were obtained. After screen-ing the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria,the basic information of the study,HPV detection methods,lung cancer patients,hazard ratio(HR)values and 95% confidence interval(CI)were extracted from each study. The meta-analysis of random effects models was used to evaluate the correlation between HPV infection and prognosis in patients with lung cancer. Heterogeneity was assessed using the Q test and I2statistics,and publication bias was tested using Egger′s linear regression test and Begg′s rank cor-relation test. Results The study finally included 11 articles(9 in Asia,2 in Europe and US),and 1439 patients with lung cancer. Meta-analysis using a random-effects model showed no significant association between HPV infection and prognosis of lung cancer (HR=0. 90,95% CI:0. 71~1. 13). A stratified analysis of lung cancer pathological subtypes showed that the prognosis of patients with HPV-infected lung adenocarcinoma was significantly better than that in patients without HPV-infected lung adenocarcinoma (HR=0. 65,95% CI:0. 49~0. 85). Sensitivity analysis was performed by sequentially removing the included studies,and the results were not statistically significant. The results of Egger′s test(P=0. 708)and Begg′s test(P=0. 784)suggest that there is no publica-tion bias in this study. Conclusion HPV infection may be related to the prognostic of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. More basic and clinical studies are needed to further explore the association between HPV infection and lung adenocarcinoma as well as the corre-sponding mechanisms in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 727-730, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308491

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term outcomes and pulmonary function loss between thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy and thoracoscopic lobectomy on the patients with pT1aN0M0 peripheral non-small cell lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 191 patients with pT1aN0M0 peripheral non-small cell lung cancer received thoracoscopic anatomical pneumonectomy between January 2013 and July 2013 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences was analyze retrospectively. There were 71 patients underwent thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy and 120 patients underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy. Demographic features, operation time, blood loss, number of dissected lymph nodes, chest tube duration, drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, two-year progress and pulmonary function loss of FEV1% (percentage of the predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second) at 6 months were retrospectively reviewed and compared by t test, rank-sum test, χ² test and Fisher exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in operation time, blood loss, number of dissected lymph nodes, chest tube duration, drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complication rate (P > 0.05). The two-year progress rate between two groups did not differ significantly either (1.4% vs. 1.7%, χ² = 0.000, P = 1.000). Pulmonary function loss of FEV1% at 6 months was significantly smaller in thoracoscopic anatomical partial lobectomy group than thoracoscopic lobectomy group (14% ± 4% vs. 16% ± 4%, t = 2.408, P = 0.017).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy is safe and feasible for patients with pT1aN0M0 peripheral non-small cell lung cancer. It could achieve equal short-term effect and reserve more pulmonary function compared with thoracoscopic lobectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , General Surgery , Chest Tubes , Drainage , Length of Stay , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Operative Time , Pneumonectomy , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
15.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591829

ABSTRACT

Objective To express the human recombinant SUMO1 protein and prepare monoclonal antibody(mAb) against it.Methods The recombinant expression plasmid pET32a-HIS-SUMO1 was made and transformed into E.coli(BL21),then the recombinant fusion protein HIS-SUMO1 was expressed and purified.The BALB/c mice were immuned with pure protein HIS-SUMO1 as antigen.Monoclonal antibody against SUMO1 was prepared with standard hybridoma technology.The hybridoma cell lines were obtained by ELISA and Western blot screening procedure,the isotype of the mAbs were further identified by immune-double diffusion.Ascites were collected from one propagated hybridoma cell line and mAbs were purified by using the Kit of Millipore.The valence of mAb was detected by Western Blot.Results The recombinant protein HIS-SUMO1 is expressed and purified.Three hybfidmas producing antibodies against SUMO1 were obtained,the isotypes of three mAbs are IgG1,Western blot showed that the antibodies were specific for SUMO1.The antibody purified from the ascites has better specificity.Conclusion The SUMO1 mAb prepared by using recombinant SUMO1 protein as antigen can be used for detectingthe protein sumoylation.

16.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588303

ABSTRACT

Post-translational modification by ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifiers(Ubls) is one of the most important mechanisms regulating a wide range of cellular processes in eukaryotes.Previous research showed that,through covalently modification by ubiquitin or ubls,the substrate proteins can be regulated in many different ways like stability,subcellular localization,enzymatic activity,protein-protein interaction and so on.Therefore,we believe,that ubiquitin and ubls play very important roles in cellular and biological processes by modifying plenty of proteins.To better understand the ubiquitin and ubls system,proteomic approaches have been developed to purify and identify more protein substrates.Large-scale idendification of ubiquitin/ubls-modification sites by mass spectrometry is particularly important for understanding the molecular mechanism and function of ubiquitin/ubls modification.Upto the present,more and more scientists are getting interested and participating in proteomics research of ubiquitin/Ubl modifications.This review summarizes the rencent results in this field.

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