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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in the degeneration of cochlear hair cells in the type 2diabetic mice, and to clarify its mechanism.Methods:Twenty clean Kun Ming male mice aged one month were selected and randomly divided into control group and model group (n=10) .The mice in model group were injected with STZ (40 mg·kg-1) to establish the type 2diabetic models.The fasting blood glucose levels of the mice were measured through collecting the vena caudalis blood of the mice.Auditory brain stem response (ABR) was used to detect the ABR threshold of the mice.Otoacoustic emission (OAE) test was used to detect the OAE threshold of mice.The defect rate of mouse cochlear outer hair cells was calculated by the mouse cochlear spreading technique.The expression levels of GRP78, caspase-12, p-ERK and Nrf2proteins were detected by Western blotting method.Results:Compared with control group, the fasting blood glucose levels of the mice in model group at the 7th and the 14th days had no significant differences (P>0.05) , but the levels were increased significantly at the 21th, 28th and 35th days and the level reached the highest value at the 35th day.The ABR thresholds of the mice in model group at 8, 12, and 24kHZ were increased significantly compared with control group (P<0.05) .Under the stimulation of low frequency, there was no significant change in the OAE threshold of the mice in model grouop compared with control group.The OAE thresholds of the mice in model group were increased significantly under the medium frequency and high frequency stimulation compared with control group (P<0.05) .The defects of the cochlear hair cells were mainly concentrated on the bottom of gyrus of the mice, and the defects in middle temporal gyrus and parietal gyrus were less.Compared with control group, the defect rate in the bottom of gyrus of the mice in model group was increased significantly (P<0.05) ;the defect rates in the middle temporal gyrus and parietal gyrus were increased, but there was no significant difference (P>0.05) .The expression levels of p-ERK and Nrf2in the cochlear hair cells of the mice in model group were lower than those in control group (P<0.05) , and the expression levels of GRP78and caspase-12were higher than those in control group (P<0.05) .Conclusion:ERS can result in the increase of defect rate of cochlear outer hair cells and ABR brainstem hearing threshold of the diabetic mice and decrease the expression levels of p-ERK and Nrf2proteins, suggesting that ERS can promote the degenerative lesions of cochlear hair cells in the type 2diabetic mice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808644

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of CD160 in HIV-specific T cells and their subsets in peripheral blood of asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals.@*Methods@#A total of 43 asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals without antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 18 healthy controls were recruited from the No. 302 Hospital of PLA between June 2014 and November 2015. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated from peripheral bloods of these subjects. CD160 was stained with fluorescent antibody. Expression of CD160 in HIV-specific T cells and their subsets was detected by flow cytometry.@*Results@#The frequency and median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD160 on the whole HIV-specific CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells were higher than those in the healthy controls(P<0.01). In subsets of HIV-specific CD4+ T cells, the MFI of CD160 in CD4+ Tn cells and CD4+ Teff cells, and the frequency of CD160 in CD4+ Teff cells were significantly increased (P<0.01). CD8+ Tn fine, CD8+ Tcm cells and CD8+ Tem cells showed a significant upregulation in the frequency and MFI of CD160 (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Chronic HIV infection can lead to high expression of CD160 in HIV-specific T cells and their different subsets, causing cellular immune dysfunction, which may further impair the ability to control the HIV virus.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484146

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of body position intervention combined with lying position logo on the compliance of patients after vitrectomy needing to keep lying position. Methods A total of 100 patients, who were hospitalized in ophthalmology ward from January to June 2013,received vitrectomy combined with gas or silicone oil filled were involved. All the patients were divided into intervention group (60 cases) and control group (40 cases) according to the order of admission. Patients in control group received routine nursing after retinal vitreous operation, guiding the proper way to keep lying position, putting a sponge pillow, shaping凹, under patients′heads. And some pertinence measures were applied in intervention group on this basis. Results The percentage of the patients who could keep the special position complying with doctor's orders at 72 h and 1 week after the operation were 95.0%(57/60),91.7%(55/60) in intervention group, which were greater than those in control group 80.0%(32/40),75.0%(30/40), and there were significant differences,χ2=4.090,4.003,P<0.05.The mastery of the body position, and the satisfaction of the nursing care were 96.7%(58/60), 98.3%(59/60) in intervention group, which were better than those in control group 77.5%(31/40), 85.0%(34/40),and there were significant differences, χ2=7.154, 4.666,P <0.05. Conclusions Developing a reasonable nursing plan depending on the body position intervention and relevant nursing measures can help the patients comply with doctor's orders effectively, improve comfort,and extend the time to keep the special position,so as to improve postoperative recovery and ensure the success of the operation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579566

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe into the inhibiting action of Compound Biejiarangan Troche on alcohol hepatic fibrosis in rats. Methods Forty Wistar male rats were divided into control, model, Compound Biejiarangan Troche and Anfate treatment groups. Alcohol hepatic fibrosis model was established by intragastrical perfusion with mixture of "alcohol-Pyrazole-coil oil" and high-fat diet for sixteen weeks. After four weeks’ intervention, changes of hepatic fibrosis index, liver tissue pathology and expression of TGF-?1 in liver tissue were observed. Results The hepatic function of model rats were changed and abnormal, with obvious fibrosis in hepatic histopathology. After intervention for four weeks, HA decreased (P

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-578846

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence factors of TCM syndrome characteristics distribution of alcoholic hepatic fibrosis. Methods The study overall collected and discussed the influence factors of TCM syndrome characteristics distribution of alcoholic hepatic fibrosis patients by adopting the principles and methods of clinical epidemiology based on the previous research of TCM syndrome characteristics. Results The important influence factors of TCM syndrome characteristics distribution of alcoholic hepatic fibrosis were total alcohol intakes and the total alcohol intakes under family alcoholism history condition. Conclusion The degree of viscera damage by alcohol is closely related to the distribution of TCM syndrome characteristics of alcoholic hepatic fibrosis and its pathogenesis evolution. The genetic constitution is one of the important influence factors of TCM syndrome characteristics distribution of alcoholic hepatic fibrosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565164

ABSTRACT

Herbal drug-induced liver injury is a hot issue in the fi eld of TCM researches.Rapid screening and evaluating of herbal drug-induced liver injury have become one of the key techniques of herbal research.This text carried on the discussion on the research status of it from active,toxic ingredient,toxic mechanism and decreasing toxicity of Chinese herbal drugs.At the same time,the text viewed the application foreground of gene chip technique in the study of it.The current status and methods of it was discussed.In addition,most of the reports adopted in this paper were about studies on crude drugs,and discussion on how to correctly treat herbal drug-induced liver injury.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518328

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effect of aspirin on inducible nitric oxide synthesis and gene expression under inflammation in endothelial cells. METHODS: Using NADPH, Griess methods and RT-PCR, the activity of isozymes of NO synthase (NOS), nitric oxide (NO) level, and iNOS mRNA expression were examined respectively. Also, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release rate, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and cell viability were measured. RESULTS: Aspirin (3 mmol/L) reduced inducible NO production and NOS activity(P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526139

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore whether AT2 receptor is expressed in skeletal muscular vasculature, and the expression of angiotensin Ⅱ receptors in pulmonary circulation of children with left-to-right shunt but without obstructive pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: Lung and skeletal muscular tissue were obtained from 20 children with left-to-right shunt by biopsy during operation. These skeletal muscular tissues were detected by reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR ) and immunohistochemistry techniques for AT2 receptors. mRNA of AT1 and AT2 receptors in lung tissues were detected by RT-PCR and analyzed semi-quantitatively. RESULTS: In all of the skeletal muscular tissues, mRNA of AT2 receptor was found by RT-PCR, and the results of immunohistochemistry staining for AT2 receptor of vessels were positive. In the lung tissues, the level of mRNA of AT2 receptor was different to AT1 receptor, and the former was higher than the latter (P

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518703

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the regulatory effects of ferritin expression and intracellular iron change on aspirin resistance to oxidative damage in endothelial cells. METHODS: Using ELISA to measure the levels of ferritin expression under different aspirin concentrations, in the presence of iron cheltor desferioxamine and add to FeCl 3. Then using RNA-protein bandshift assay and RT-PCR to examine the activation of IRP and the expression of IRP 2 mRNA onaspirin induced ferritin formation. RESULTS: Aspirin at low concentration (0.1mmol/L) induced significant increase in ferritin expression in a concentration-dependent fashion up to 25% over basal levels. Aspirin induced cytoprotection from H 2O 2 damage increased significantly following ferritin formation in endothelial cells.However, in the presence of iron chelator desferrioxamine, aspirin enhanced ferritin synthesis was abrogated with a 3 fold increase in the activity of IRP and significant increase in IRP 2 mRNA level. In contrast, FeCl 3 and aspirin both increased the level of induced ferritin synthesis with significant decrease in IRP activity and IRP 2 mRNA level. CONCLUSION: The effect of aspirin induced ferritin synthesis on resistance to oxidative damage in endothelium was operated through down-regulating IRP activation and IRP 2 mRNA level.

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