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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135508


Abstract Objective: To discover the perceptions of pediatric patients, their parents and undergraduate Dentistry students of the use of the diode laser in frenectomy surgeries. Material and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, recorded and transcribed with subsequent content analysis. Twelve healthy children (5-8 years old) who needed a frenectomy were selected and invited, together with their parents, to undergo laser diode surgery. In addition, 28 undergraduate dentistry students were invited to attend the procedures. One week after performing the surgical procedures, the children (Group 1), their parents (Group 2) and the students who attended the procedures (Group 3) were individually interviewed for the thematic analysis. Results: The analysis of the conversations identified three emerging contents: positive thoughts on the use of diode laser; frustrations from the use of diode laser; and aspects related to professional training. Conclusion: The results pointed to the acceptance of surgical laser use in pediatric dentistry; however, the feelings of frustration indicate that its use requires guidance from the child and his/her parents, in addition to careful handling and specific training.

Pediatric Dentistry , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingival Diseases/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery , Perception , Brazil/epidemiology , Qualitative Research
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135496


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) in infected deciduous teeth by quantifying the viable bacteria in root canal treatment. Material and Methods: Radicular canal cultures were collected (n= 10). Four intra-canal samples were collected at four different times in each of the sampled teeth, as follows: Time 1 (T1), baseline: After opening the pulp-chamber; Time 2 (T2): After application of aPDT; Time 3 (T3): After mechanical, chemical manipulation; Time 4 (T4): After a second application of aPDT. The aPDT was performed with a 4J/cm energy low-intensity diode, together with 0.005% methylene blue as a photosensitizer. The clinical specimens were taken to the laboratory for a bacteria count (colony forming units) and the results were statistically analyzed using the Friedman and Wilcoxon tests, with a significance level of α=0.05. Results: Statistical differences were seen between the numbers of bacteria at times T1-T2, T1-T3 and T1-T4 on the cultivated plates. However, no significant statistical differences were observed between the number of bacteria in samples T2-T3, T2-T4 and T3-T4. Conclusion: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy can be a good co-adjuvant in root canal decontamination of necrotic primary teeth.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Photochemotherapy/instrumentation , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Pulp Necrosis/diagnostic imaging , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Brazil/epidemiology , Pilot Projects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnosis
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 68: e20200051, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1136053


ABSTRACT Fused teeth are a developmental anomaly involving the union of two dental germs at the crown, root or pulp. This type of anomaly occurs during intraosseous development, resulting in a morphologically irregular tooth that can affect both the primary and permanent dentition. Clinical problems involving esthetics, a lack of space and greater susceptibility to caries are often associated with fused teeth. This type of anomaly is easily confused with dental twinning, which has similar clinical features but emerges from a single dental germ. The aim of the present study was to report a clinical case of the fusion of two deciduous mandibular incisors, describe prospects for treating this anomaly and discuss its repercussions during the development of the dentition. Extraction of the fused tooth was performed and orthodontic treatment was recommended for esthetic and functional improvements. Integrated planning involving both Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics provided a better treatment option.

RESUMO A fusão dentária é classificada como uma alteração de desenvolvimento referente à união de dois germes dentários, podendo incluir coroa, raiz e polpa. Este tipo de alteração ocorre durante o desenvolvimento intraósseo, resultando em um dente morfologicamente irregular, podendo acometer tanto a dentição decídua quanto a permanente. Frequentemente são associados problemas clínicos como alterações estéticas, falta de espaço e maior susceptibilidade a lesões cariosas. É importante ressaltar que a fusão é comumente confundida com a geminação dentária, que apresenta o mesmo aspecto clínico em boca, porém é resultante de um único germe dentário. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar um caso clínico de fusão de dois incisivos inferiores decíduos, as perspectivas de tratamento da anomalia e discutir sua repercussão durante o desenvolvimento da dentição. Realizou-se a exodontia do elemento citado e o planejamento do tratamento ortodôntico recomendado foi discutido visando a melhora dos aspectos funcional e estético. Um planejamento integrado entre a Odontopediatria e Ortodontia proporcionou uma melhor alternativa de tratamento.

Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-7, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1097355


Objetivo:O objetivo desta revisão foi realizar uma análise crítica da literatura quanto à utilização do procedimento enxerto de tecido conjuntivo e da membrana de fibrina rica em plaquetas para recobrimento da raiz exposta, frisando os benefícios e previsibilidade de sucesso de cada uma. Métodos:Foi realizada uma busca nas bases PubMed, SciELO e BIREME em março de 2019, sendo incluídos estudos relevantes relacionados ao tema para síntese deste trabalho. Resultados: Foram selecionados 5 artigos para serem incluídos nessa revisão crítica, sendo 3 ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados, 1 ensaio clínico e 1 um relato de caso. Conclusão:O recobrimento radicular com uso de enxerto de tecido conjuntivo e fibrina rica em plaquetas apresentou resultados satisfatórios, devolvendo estética, saúde e regeneração dos tecidos gengivais e periodontais. Em relação à fibrina rica em plaquetas, há poucos casos na literatura quanto aos resultados clínicos a longo prazo.

Aim: This review sought to perform a critical analysis of the literature regarding the use of the graft procedure of connective tissue and Platelet-rich fibrin to cover the exposed root, emphasizing the benefits and predictability of success of each. Methods: This study performed a search on the PubMed, SciELO, and BIREME databases, and included relevant studies related to the topic for the synthesis of this work. Results:Five articles were selected to be included in this critical review, three randomized controlled clinical trials, one clinical trial, and one case report. Conclusion:The root covering using a subepithelial connective tissue graft and platelet-rich fibrin presents satisfactory results, restoring esthetics and health, and regenerating the gingival and periodontal tissues. Regarding platelet-rich fibrin, there are few cases in the literature regarding long-term clinical outcomes.

Connective Tissue , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Gingival Recession , Transplantation, Autologous , Tissue Transplantation
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091636


Abstract Objective: To perform an in vivo evaluation on the agreement between measurements of working length obtained by conventional radiographic examinations and an apex locator in deciduous teeth with or without root resorption. Material and Methods: Nine canals of teeth from children ranging from 3 to 5 years old were selected. Endodontic access was performed with a spherical diamond tip, the pulp was removed with Kerr-type steel files, and the canal was irrigated with 1% sodium hypochlorite. A file, compatible with the channel gauge, was then used to measure the length of the root canal with the apex locator. Conventional radiographs were also performed and, using a millimeter endodontic ruler, the length of the canal was determined. The differences between the measurements obtained between the two methods were analyzed using the Student's t-test. Results: The mean canal length for conventional radiography was 9.83 mm and 9.67 mm for the apex locator. The results of this study did not show significant differences (p=0.641), independent of the presence or absence of physiological root resorption. Conclusion: The similarity in measurements obtained with X-ray or an apex locator indicates that it is not necessary to use X-rays as a complement to obtain the working length. The use of the apex locator can provide a quicker treatment, reducing the clinical time and stress of the child.

Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Odontometry/methods , Brazil , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Endodontics
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 38(2): 106-112, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787664


BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease may have their quality of life affected by oral alterations. However, there is still little data on oral health-related quality of life in these children. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of sickle cell disease, socioeconomic characteristics, and oral conditions on oral health-related quality of life of children and teens. METHOD: One hundred and six children and teens with sickle cell disease were compared to a similar sample of 385 healthy peers. Data were collected through oral examinations, interviews to assess quality of life (Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 8-10 and 11-14) and questionnaires containing questions on socioeconomic status. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the total scores of the Child Perceptions Questionnaires or domain scores comparing sickle cell disease patients to control subjects. When sub-scales were compared, oral symptoms and functional limitations had a greater negative impact on the quality of life of adolescents with sickle cell disease (p-value <0.001 and p-value <0.01, respectively) when compared to healthy controls. The only statistically significant determinants of negative impact on oral health-related quality of life in the overall sample was home overcrowding (more than two people/room) in the younger children's group, and dental malocclusion among teens. CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in the negative impact on the oral health-related quality of life between the group with sickle cell disease and the control group. Of the oral alterations, there was a significant difference in the oral health-related quality of life between adolescents with sickle cell disease and controls only in relation to malocclusion. Among the socioeconomic characteristics, only overcrowding was significantly associated with a negative impact on oral health-related quality of life.

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Child , Malocclusion , Oral Health , Quality of Life
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e21, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952009


Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the impact of oral conditions of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) on their parents' quality of life (QoL). A cross-sectional study was performed with parents of outpatients suffering from SCD at a hematology referral center in Belo Horizonte, MG. A qualified dentist performed an intraoral exam. The Family Impact Scale (FIS) was used to assess the parents' perception of QoL. The parents answered some questions regarding sociodemographic and medical information about their children. The dmft/DMFT score, DAI, gum bleeding and SCD severity were evaluated in terms of their impacts on the overall mean FIS scores and subscale scores. The chance of more frequent impacts was greater in parents of adolescents (OR = 2.04; 95%CI = 1.2, 3.4) than of younger children. Dental caries (dmft/DMFT ≥ 1) had a negative impact on the QoL of parents of younger children and adolescents (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). Among the parents of younger children, dental caries and SCD severity significantly affected the subscales for parental activities (PA) and parental emotions (PE) (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). Among parents of adolescents, dental caries (DMFT) and severe malocclusion adversely affected the PE and PA subscales (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). SCD severity affected the overall FIS score among young children's parents (p < 0.05). In conclusion, dental caries, age and SCD severity were associated with a negative impact on the QoL of parents of children with SCD

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Parents/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Sickness Impact Profile , Anemia, Sickle Cell/psychology , Mouth Diseases/psychology , Psychometrics , Brazil , Epidemiologic Methods , Age Factors , Caregivers/psychology , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/psychology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Malocclusion/etiology , Malocclusion/psychology , Mouth Diseases/etiology
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2015. 108 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-790332


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a correlação filho-pais na avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal de crianças e de suas famílias e determinar as características associadas a essa correlação em uma população pediátrica com anemia falciforme. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 106 crianças, de 8 a 14 anos, com diagnóstico de anemia falciforme (AF), no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, e seus pais/cuidadores. Estas crianças estavam fazendo acompanhamento de saúde na Fundação Centro de Hematologia e Hemoterapia de Minas Gerais (Hemominas). A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) foi mensurada, utilizando-se as versões brasileiras dos instrumentos Child Perception Questionnaire para crianças de 8 a 10 anos (CPQ8-10) e de 11 a 14 anos (versão curta do CPQ11-14), o Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) e o Family Impact Scale (FIS). Um dentista calibrado realizou os exames clínicos bucais para avaliação da experiência de cárie dentária, má oclus¿o e sangramento gengival, segundo os critérios da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS). As informações sobre a AF, as características sócio-demográficas e econômicas foram obtidas por meio de entrevistas realizadas com os pais/responsáveis pelas crianças. Os dados foram analisados por meio do teste de correlação de Spearman e regressão linear. Houve uma forte correlação entre P-CPQ e FIS (rs=0,732). Foi observada correlação moderada entre as avaliações de QVRSB realizadas pela criança (CPQ) e pelo pai-proxy (P-CPQ) (rs=0,433). Ao se analisar a correlação entre a avaliação da QVRSB realizada pelas crianças (CPQ) e o impacto na família (FIS) relatado pelos pais, observou-se uma correlação fraca (rs=0,331). Maiores diferenças no z-escore entre P-CPQ e FIS foram associadas com a menor idade do filho (p<0,01), mais baixa espiritualidade/religiosidade (p<0,05), menor renda familiar (p<0,01) e severidade da má oclusão dentária (p<0,05)...

More recently, there has been increasing interest in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children, since pediatric oral disorders are likely to have a negative effect on the child quality of life (QoL). One issue that receives a great deal of attention is the comparison of the measurement of children OHRQoL reports with those of their parents. In this way, three systematic reviews were carried out to review the literature on valid and reliable informations from children and parents concerning child OHRQoL, and to identify the pattern of agreement/disagreement between their reports. The literature was searched using Medline, ISI, Lilacs and Scielo, from 1985-2007. Two researchers independently checked and then selected only articles that used well-validated instruments, provided quantitative measurements of child clinical oral health status, and presented children and parental perceptions of child OHRQoL. In the first systematic review, from 89 records found, thirteen fulfilled the criteria. All selected studies suggested good construct validity. However, child understanding of oral health and well-being are affected by age, age-related experiences, gender, race, education, culture, experiences related to oral conditions, opportunities for treatment, childhood period of changes, back-translating questionnaire and child self-perceived treatment need. Twelve of 402 articles originally identified were included in the second systematic review. The results showed that the relationships between clinical oral health status and QoL in children were not direct, but mediated by a variety of personal, social and environmental variables, as well as by the child development, which have influence on the comprehension about the relationship among health, illness and QoL. In the third one, out of 87 articles that were critically assessed, five studies were selected ...

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Oral Health , Father-Child Relations , Quality of Life
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 13(1): 37-43, mar. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-874865


Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da cárie e da maloclusão (necessidade etratamento ortodôntico) na qualidade de vida de escolares de oito a 14 anos de idade residentes em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal com amostra deconveniência (n=75), dividida em dois grupos de acordo com a idade dos escolares: grupo 1 – oito a dez anos e grupo 2- 11 a 14 anos. Os dados foram coletados pelo exame clínico para diagnóstico da cárie dentária (CPOD) e avaliação da necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico (IED) e aplicação dos instrumentos CPQ8-10 e CPQ11-14, para avaliação do impacto na qualidade de vida. Realizou-se análise descritiva, teste qui-quadrado e Mann-Whitney.Resultados: No grupo de estudantes com idade entre oito e dez anos, observou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico (IED > 30) e impacto negativo na qualidade de vida (p = 0,004), principalmente nos domínios limitação funcional (p<0,001), bem-estar emocional (p=0,001) e bem-estar social (p=0,008). Não foi observada associação entre a cárie dentária e impacto negativo na qualidade de vida neste grupo (p=0,66). Entre as crianças com idade entre 11 e 14 anos, verificou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre impacto na qualidade de vida, cárie (p=0,004) e necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico (p=0,001). Considerando-se a cárie, a associação foi observada com os domínios bem-estar emocional (p=0,006) e social (p=0,02). A necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico mostrou associação significativa com limitação funcional (p=0,02), bemestar emocional (p=0,05) e social (p=0,03). Conclusão: A maloclusão (necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico) mostrou associação com impacto negativo na qualidade e vida de estudantes na faixa etária entre oito e 14 anos. Impacto negativo também foi observado entre estudantes de 11 a 14 anos queapresentavam cárie dentária

Objective: To evaluate the impact of dental caries and malocclusion(need of orthodontic treatment) on the quality of life of schoolchildrenaged 8 to 14 years living in the city of Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Method: This study was a cross-sectional investigation with aconvenience sample (n=75) divided into two groups, according to theage of schoolchildren: Group 1: 8 to 10 years and Group 2: 11 to 14years. Data were collected by clinical examination for diagnosis ofdental caries (DMFT index) and determination of orthodontic treatmentneed (DAI - dental aesthetic index), and through application of CPQ8-10and CPQ11-14 instruments to assess the influence on the quality of life.Descriptive analysis, Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests wereperformed.Results: In the group of schoolchildren aged 8 to 10 years, there was astatistically significant association between the need of orthodontictreatment (DAI>30) and negative impact on the quality of life (p=0.004),especially for the domains “functional limitation” (p<0.001), “emotionalwell being” (p=0.001) and “social well being” (p=0.008).

No associationwas found between dental caries and negative impact on quality of lifein this group (p=0.66). In the group of schoolchildren aged 11 to 14years there was a statistically significant association between impact on the quality of life and dental caries (p=0.004) and need of orthodontictreatment (p<0.001). Regarding dental caries, there was significantassociation between the domains “emotional well being” (p=0.006) and“social well being” (p=0.02). The need of orthodontic treatmentshowed a significant association with “functional limitation” (p=0.02),“emotional well being” (p=0.05) and “social well being” (p=0.03).Conclusion: Malocclusion (need of orthodontic treatment) wasassociated with negative impact on the quality of life of schoolchildrenin the age range between 8 and 14 years. There was also negativeimpact on the quality of life of 11-14 children with dental caries

Child , Adolescent , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Students/psychology , Malocclusion/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric