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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 223-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960926

ABSTRACT

In recent years,with the change in lifestyle and social environment and the increase in pressure in both life and work,male fertility has decreased significantly in China,and the incidence of male infertility has increased year by year,which has brought great challenges to andrologists. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a definite curative effect in the treatment of male infertility and is widely applied in clinical practice. In order to clarify the role of TCM in different types and each stage of male infertility,the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) invited outstanding young andrologists in the clinic of TCM and western medicine to discuss topics such as idiopathic oligospermia and teratospermia,abnormal semen liquefaction,varicocele,immune infertility,improving success ratio of assisted reproductive technology,and ameliorating depression or anxiety. They conducted in-depth discussions on the advantages,characteristics,disadvantages,diseases responding specifically,and advantageous aspects of TCM treatment. The causes of male infertility and related links of treatment were summarized. Due to the unclear etiology and complex pathogenesis of male infertility,western medicine cannot achieve a good curative effect,while TCM,taking the holistic view as the core,specializes in improving functional diseases and can correspond to multiple targets and factors,with comprehensive treatments such as internal treatment and external treatment. This study summarized the advantageous diseases and advantageous stages of TCM treatment alone and integrated TCM and western medicine treatment and put forward suggestions for the treatment of the diseases by TCM and western medicine in order to promote the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM among andrologists,increase mutual learning and communication between TCM and western physicians,provide patients with excellent and personalized treatment plans in clinical practice,and improve the curative effect of male infertility and fertility of males in China.

2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 304-306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986033

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop asolvent extraction-direct mercury analyzer method for determination of methylmercury in urine. Methods: After the urinehydrolyzesd by hydrobromic acid, methylmercury was extracted by tolueneand reverse-extracted from L-cysteine solution, it was then detectedbydirect mercuryanalyzer. Results: The linear range was 0.2-50.0 μg/L, and the related coefficient was 0.9999. The relative standard deviations (RSD) within the group were 5.04%-6.64%, and the RSD between the group were 5.65%-8.11 %. The average recovery efficiencies were 85.4%-95.5%. The detection limitation was 0.0482 μg/L and the quantification concentrations was 0.1607 μg/L. Conclusion: The method, which has low detection limit, high sensitivity, easy to operate, is stability for the determination of methylmercury in urine.


Subject(s)
Mercury , Methylmercury Compounds
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 710-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic features of primary adrenal NK/T cell lymphoma (PANKL). Methods: Six cases of PANKL were collected at Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2021. The clinicopathologic features including morphology, immunophenotype, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were two males and four females. The median age was 63 years (ranged from 57 to 68 years). The tumors involved bilateral adrenal glands in 4 cases and unilateral adrenal gland in 2 cases. The main clinical symptom was low back pain without obvious cause. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is elevated in five cases. The imaging feature was rapidly enlarging mass initially confined to unilateral/bilateral adrenal glands. Morphologically, the lymphoid cells were mainly medium-sized with a diffuse growth pattern. Coagulative necrosis and nuclear fragmentation were common. Angioinvasion was seen. Immunophenotypically, the neoplastic cells were positive for CD3, CD56 and TIA-1 while CD5 was negative in 5 cases. All cases were positive for EBER by in situ hybridization with more than 80% proliferative activity by Ki-67. Four cases received chemotherapy, one case underwent surgery, and one case underwent surgery with chemotherapy. Follow-up was done in 5 cases; one case was lost to follow-up. Three patients died with a median survival of 11.6 months (3-42 months). Conclusions: PANKL is rare with highly aggressive clinical presentation and poor prognosis. Accurate diagnosis entails correlation of histomorphology, immunohistochemistry, EBER in situ hybridization and clinical history.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Prognosis , Immunophenotyping
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1876-1884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981406

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of different drying methods on the quality of male flowers of Eucommia ulmoides(MFOEU), we treated fresh MFOEU samples with drying in the shade(DS), vacuum freeze drying(VFD), high-or low-temperature hot air drying(HTHAD, LTHAD), microwave drying(MD), and vacuum drying(VD), respectively. The color, total flavonoid content, total polysaccharide content, and main active components such as geniposide, geniposidic acid, rutin, chlorogenic acid, galuteolin, pinoresinol diglucoside, and aucubin in MFOEU were taken as the evaluation indicators. The quality of MFOEU was comprehensively evaluated by entropy weight method combined with color index method, partial least squares discriminant analysis and content clustering heat map. The experimental results showed that VFD and DS basically kept the original color of MFOEU. The MFOEU treated with MD had higher content of total polysaccharides, phenylpropanoids, lignans, and iridoids. The MFOEU treated with LTHAD had higher content of total flavonoids and that treated with VD had lower content of active components. According to the results of comprehensive evaluation, the quality of MFOEU dried with different methods followed the order of MD>HTHAD>VFD>LTHAD>DS>VD. Considering the color of MFOEU, the suitable drying methods were DS and VFD. Considering the color, active components, and economic benefits of MFOEU, MD was the suitable drying method. The results of this study are of a reference value for the determination of suitable methods for MFOEU processing in the producing areas.


Subject(s)
Eucommiaceae/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Flavonoids/analysis , Rutin/analysis , Chlorogenic Acid/analysis
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1824-1832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981400

ABSTRACT

This study aims to develop the pre-column derivatization high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for the determination of 16 kinds of amino acids in Eucommia ulmoides leaves, and compare the content of amino acids in the leaves harvested at different time and under leaf-oriented cultivation mode(LCM) and arbor forest mode(AFM). The HPLC conditions are as below: phenyl isothiocyanate(PITC) as pre-column derivatization agent, Agilent ZORBAX C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), mobile phase A of acetonitrile-water(80∶20), mobile phase B of 0.1 mol·L~(-1) sodium acetate solution-acetonitrile(94∶6), gradient elution, flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), injection volume of 5 μL, column temperature of 40 ℃, and detection wavelength of 254 nm. The HPLC profile indicated well separation of 16 kinds of amino acids and the amino acid content in E. ulmoides leaves was up to 16.26%. In addition, the amino acid content in leaves of E. ulmoides under LCM was higher than under AFM. The amino acid content varied with the harvesting time. Through orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis, the amino acids of E. ulmoides under LCM and AFM were compared, which can distinguish the leaves under LCM from those under AFM. Principal component analysis was applied to comprehensively score the amino acids of E. ulmoides leaves. The results showed that the score of leaves under LCM was higher than that under AFM. Nutritional evaluation results indicated that the proteins in E. ulmoides leaves belonged to high-quality vegetable proteins. The established method for the determination of amino acid content is reliable. With the amino acid content as index, the leaf quality of E. ulmoides under LCM is better than that under AFM. This study lays a theoretical basis for the promotion of LCM for E. ulmoides and the development of medicinal and edible products from E. ulmoides leaves.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids/metabolism , Eucommiaceae/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Plant Leaves/chemistry
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3421-3427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999093

ABSTRACT

We performed an extensively targeting metabolomic detecting using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) to compare the secondary metabolites in Dang shen [Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.] from Shanxi and Gansu provinces. The findings showed that 161 secondary metabolites in 6 groups (phenolic acids, flavonoids, lignans and coumarins, alkaloids, terpenoids, others) were found from Dang shen in Changzhi city of Shanxi province and Dingxi city of Gansu province. There were 98 secondary metabolites which is differed significantly. In comparison to Dingxi city, 33 different secondary metabolites of Dang shen in Changzhi city had a greater relative content, whereas relative content of 65 different metabolites in Dingxi city was higher. Metabolic pathway enrichment analysis revealed that phenolic acids and flavonoids were significantly different in the secondary metabolites of Dang shen from different producing places. This may be one of the reasons for the difference in the quality of Dang shen in Shanxi and Gansu provinces. This work compared and analyzed the secondary metabolites of Dang shen from Dingxi city in Gansu province and Changzhi city in Shanxi province for the first time, which lays the foundation for further study on the quality of Dang shen.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 291-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) on acetylcholine (Ach), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and muscarinic-type choline receptor (M2) and purine receptor P2X3 in bladder tissue in the rats with neurogenic bladder (NB) of detrusor areflexia after lumbar-sacral spinal cord injury and explore the underlying mechanism of moxibustion for promoting detrusor contraction.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a model preparation group (n=45) and a sham-operation group (n=15). In the model preparation group, the modified Hassan Shaker spinal cord transection method was used to prepare the model of NB. In the sham-operation group, the spinal cord transection was not exerted except laminectomy and spinal cord exposure. Among the rats with successfully modeled, 30 rats were selected and divided randomly into a model group and a moxibustion group, with 15 rats in each one. On the 15th day after the operation, moxibustion was applied at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) in the moxibustion group, 10 min at each acupoint, once a day. The consecutive 7-day treatment was as one course and the intervention for 2 courses was required. Urodynamic test was adopted to evaluate bladder function in rats. Using HE staining, the morphological changes in bladder tissue were observed. The content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was measured with biochemical method, and the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors in bladder tissue were detected with Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantification PCR method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the maximum bladder capacity, leakage point pressure and bladder compliance were increased in the rats of the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the maximum bladder capacity, the leakage point pressure and bladder compliance were decreased in the rats of the moxibustion group (P<0.05). In the model group, the detrusor fibres were arranged irregularly, bladder epithelial tissues were not tightly connected and cell arrangement was disordered, combined with a large number of vacuolar cells. In the moxibustion group, compared with the model group, the detrusor fibres were arranged regularly, bladder epithelial cells were well distributed and vacuolar cells were reduced. Compared with the sham-operation group, the content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was decreased (P<0.05), the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors were reduced (P<0.05) in the model group. In the moxibustion group, the content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was increased (P<0.05) and the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors were increased (P<0.05) as compared with the model group.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) may effectively improve bladder function in the rats with NB of detrusor areflexia after lumbar-sacral spinal cord injury and its underlying mechanism is related to promoting the release of Ach and up-regulating the expression of M2 receptor, thereby enhancing the release of ATP and increasing the expression of P2X3 receptor. Eventually, detrusor contraction is improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Purinergic P2X3/metabolism , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 413-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935555

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of mature T/NK cell lymphomas with aberrant CD20 or CD79α expression. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 641 cases of mature T/NK cell lymphoma diagnosed from January 2014 to December 2020 was performed, and 14 cases of CD20-positive and one case of CD79α-positive mature T/NK-cell lymphoma were identified. Histological examination, immunohistochemical characterization, in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus encoded early RNA (EBER), and PCR testing for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements were performed. Clinicopathological characteristics of these lymphomas were analyzed. Results: There were 13 males and 2 females, with a median age of 56 years. There were 8 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), 3 cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL), 2 cases of monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL) and 2 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Twelve cases were stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ lymphomas. The prognosis was overall poor. The histology, immunophenotype and TCR gene rearrangement were not significantly different from the corresponding types of lymphoma. Ki-67 proliferation index was over 70% in all cases. The expression of CD20 or CD79α was weak and heterogeneous. All 15 case of Ig gene rearrangement were polyclonal. Conclusions: Mature T/NK cell lymphoma with abnormal expression of CD20 or CD79α is rare, commonly found in advanced stage, and associated with poor prognosis. The expression of CD20 or CD79α in these cases is weaker than the corresponding mature T/NK cell lymphomas, while its proliferation index is higher. Histomorphology, extensive immunoprofiling and molecular detection are required for accurate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD20 , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 400-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935553

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the utility of albumin RNAscope in situ hybridization in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma and its mimics. Methods: One hundred and fifty-two cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and its mimics and 33 cases of normal tissue were selected from the pathology database of the Department of Pathology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2013 to December 2019. Tissue microarrays were constructed and RNAscope in situ hybridization was performed to detect the expression of albumin mRNA. Results: No albumin mRNA expression was detected in normal tissues except for the liver. All hepatocellular carcinoma regardless of its degree of differentiation and primary or metastatic nature had detectable albumin mRNA, with strong and diffuse staining in 90.7% (49/54) of cases. While the positive rate of HepPar-1, Arg-1 or one of them by immunohistochemistry was 87.0% (47/54), 85.2% (46/54) and 92.6% (50/54) respectively. The positive rates of albumin mRNA in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and biphenotypic hepatocellular carcinoma were 7/15 and 9/10, respectively. The former showed focal or heterogeneous staining, while the latter showed strong and diffuse staining. The positive rate of hepatoid adenocarcinoma was 8/19, and the albumin expression could be diffuse or focal. Sporadic cases of poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma and metastatic colon adenocarcinoma showed focal staining of albumin mRNA. Conclusions: Detection of albumin mRNA by RNAscope in situ hybridization is of great value for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of HCC, and the sensitivity may be improved by combining with HepPar-1 and Arg-1. It also offers different diagnostic clues according to different expression patterns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Albumins/genetics , Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , China , Colonic Neoplasms , Diagnosis, Differential , In Situ Hybridization , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 301-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935530

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features as well as BRAF V600E and MYD88 L265P mutation status of nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma (NMZL). Methods: Thirty-two cases of NMZL were diagnosed from September 2009 to February 2021 at the Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Peking University School of Basic Medical Sciences. The clinicopathologic characteristics were obtained and analyzed. BRAF V600E and MYD88 L265P mutation status were identified using PCR and Sanger sequencing, respectively. Results: There were 20 males and 12 females patients with a median age of 69 years (ranging 36-82 years). The most prevalent clinical manifestation was multiple lymph nodes enlargement in head and neck (22/32, 68.8%), followed by inguinal (12/32, 37.5%), axillary (11/32, 34.4%), mediastinum (5/32, 15.6%) and retroperitoneal lymph nodes (4/32, 12.5%). Most of the patients were in Ann Arbor stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ (21 cases). The morphologic features included diffuse (24/32, 75.0%), nodular (5/32, 15.6%), interfollicular (2/32,6.3%) and perifollicular (1/32,3.1%) types. The tumor cells showed monocyte-like, centrocyte-like, small lymphocyte-like and plasma cell-like differentiation. Immunophenotyping revealed diffuse expression of CD20 in all tumor cells, whereas CD43 (11/32, 34.4%), bcl-2 (20/32, 62.5%), MNDA (13/32, 40.6%) and CD5 (2/32, 6.3%) were partially expressed. Ki-67 proliferation index varied from 10% to 40%. BRAF V600E mutation was found in two cases (2/32, 6.3%), but MYD88 L265P mutation was not detected. Eighteen patients survived and three died at the end of follow-up period which ranged 6 to 110 months. Conclusions: The morphologic features of NMZL varies across individuals, it should be differentiated from various B-cell lymphomas; however immunological biomarkers with high specificity for NMZL are still lacking. No MYD88 L265P mutation is found in NMZL. Some cases may harbor BRAF V600E mutation and yet the prevalence remains indeterminate; further researches are warranted.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/pathology , Mutation , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics
11.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 330-335, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the medication and prescription rules in ancient Chinese medicine books in the treatment of premature ejaculation based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Inheritance Supporting Platform.Methods:Search for the relevant literature concerning treating premature ejaculation with TCM in the ancient books before 1949, conduct data mining with Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Supporting Platform, analyze the medication and the prescription rules, so as to summarize the academic thoughts of the ancient physicians in treating premature ejaculation.Results:Among 39 selected eligible ancient books, a total of 45 prescriptions were included, involving 118 kinds of Chinese medicines. Among them, 14 Chinese medicines were used more than 10 times. The top five Chinese medicines were Ginseng radix et rhizoma, Schisandrae chinensis fructus, Dioscoreae rhizoma, Polygalae radix, Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma; in the classification of Chinese medicines tonic Chinese medicine, tranquilizers, and astringent are used frequently. The most frequently used Chinese medicine pairs were Corni fructus- Ginseng radix et rhizoma, Ginseng radix et rhizoma- Dioscoreae rhizoma, Ginseng radix et rhizoma- Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma; 33 core combinations of 3 Chinese mediciness and 4 core combinations of 4 Chinese medicines were obtained. Conclusion:The medication that could treat premature ejaculation in the ancient TCM books are mainlythe kidney, liver, and heart meridian. The main principle is to invigorate the kidney, replenish the essence, and replenishing qi and soothing the nerves. It can provide reference for clinical treatment of premature ejaculation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1073-1076, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of flipped classroom model based on Simodont dental training system in the standardized training teaching of prosthodontics.Methods:The control experiment was used in this study. Seventy two students from Batch 2018 and Batch 2019 of Stomatology Hospital of Air Force Medical University were selected and randomly divided into experimental group (flipped classroom model based on Simodont dental training system) and control group (Simodont dental training system training mode after traditional teaching), with 18 students every academic year in each group. Questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate the teaching effect, and the results of after-class theory test and practical computer test were compared between the two groups. SPSS 20.0 was used for chi-square test and t test. Results:The experimental group was better than the control group in enhancing classroom interest, improving the ability of independent analysis and problem-solving, and cultivating the ability of cooperation and expression ( P<0.05). The scores of after-class theory test and practical computer test in the experimental group [(23.36±0.21) points and (90.56±0.52) points] were significantly better than those in the control group[(21.81±0.25) points and (88.31±0.48) points] ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The flipped classroom model based on Simodont dental training system can effectively improve the effect of standardized training and teaching of professional skills in prosthodontics. At the same time, the students' ability of independent analysis and problem solving, cooperation and communication and expression are effectively improved.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 327-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879437

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of microscope assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with conventional surgical approach in the treatment of single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 89 patients with single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated from March 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 55 males and 34 females, with an average of (52.00±11.36) years old. Among the patients, 34 cases were treated with conventional anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (conventional group), including C@*RESULTS@#Intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay in microscope group were less than those in conventional group (@*CONCLUSION@#Both methods can achieve satisfactory effect in treating single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy. However, microscope-assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion has advantages of clear vision, less bleeding and fewer intraoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Diseases/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 8-14, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients with lumbar spinal tenosis treated by unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopy from February 2018 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 18 males and 14 females, aged 65 to 84 years old with an average of (70.6± 8.4) years. The course of disease was from 1 to 12 years. All 32 cases were accompanied by numbness or pain in the lower limbs, of which 28 cases were accompanied by intermittent claudication. Narrow segments were L@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12-24 (17.68±2.43) months and all operations were successfully completed with the operation time of 70-160(85.64±11.94) min. Spinal dural tear occurred in 1 case during the operation, and sensory disturbance in the other side of lower limb in a short period of time occurred in 2 cases, all improved after corresponding treatment. Postoperative imaging showed that the spinal canal was significantly enlarged and the nerve root was fully released. Before operation and 3 days, 3 months, 1 year after operation, VAS scores of low back pain were 4.62 ±1.41, 2.73 ±1.35, 1.21 ±1.17, 1.11 ±0.34, respectively;VAS scores of leg pain were 6.83 ± 1.71, 3.10±1.50, 1.08±0.19, 0.89±0.24, respectively. VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain each time point after operation were obvious improved (@*CONCLUSION@#It is a safe and effective way to treat lumbar spinal stenosis with unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system. It has the advantages of sufficient decompression, less trauma, fast recovery, high safety and low incidence of postoperative complications. It can minimize the damage to the stable structure of the lumbar spine and is an ideal minimally invasive operation for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Decompression, Surgical , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2434-2442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879144

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to explore the mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix by means of network pharmaco-logy. Based on the theoretical hypothesis of the nature and taste of traditional Chinese medicine, the chemical components of the separated components of Phytolaccae Radix were selected by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP) and Traditional Chinese Medicines IntegratedDatabase(TCMID) databases in combination with related literatures. Relevant target analysis was carried out based on PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases. Targets corresponding to disease were excavated based on GeneCards for each split component, corresponding potential targets were obtained through mapping the target set of target compounds to disease targets. GO biological process analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the mapped targets with the help of DAVID database. Based on Cytoscape software and the corresponding efficacy, the network diagram of "medicinal material-split components-compound-target-pathway" was constructed to explore the mechanism of different efficacy of the separated components of Cytoscape. And the target purgation and diuretic mapping was used as the target of the traditional efficacy of smoothening secretion for the first time. The study explored esculentoside component, fatty oil component and phenolic acid component, a total of 30 target compounds and 301 corresponding targets, involving 44 potential targets for "anti-inflammatory", 50 potential targets for "immunoregulation", 52 potential targets for "smoothening secretion", 28 potential targets for "antibacterial activity", 28 potential targets for "antiviral effect", and 29 potential targets for "antitumor effect". Topological analysis revealed 14 key gene targets such as MAPK8, MAPK14, EGFR and PTGS2. A total of 684 GO entries and 235 KEGG pathways were obtained through bioinformatics enrichment analysis, mainly involving TNF signaling pathway, NF-kappaB signaling pathway and MAPK signaling pathway. This study revealed the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel action mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix, which provided certain basis for the next step to clarify the split components of Phytolaccae Radix through the method of system biology, and injected new content and significance into the study of properties and flavors theory.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction , Software
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 235-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of gene silencing peptidyl arginine deaminase 4 (PAD4) on pulmonary interstitial lesions induced by collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice, and possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A CIA mouse model was established in DBA/1 mice, followed by a tail vein injection of the virus solution prepared by the PAD4-siRNA expression vector once a week for 8 times. The mice were sacrificed at the end of the experiment. The expression of PAD4 mRNA in lungs was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The expression of PAD4 protein was detected by tissue immunohistochemistry. Cell culture was performed by spleen tissue. Flow cytometry changes in the ratio of Tfh cells to Tfr cells were examined; lung staining was performed in the lungs to observe changes in lung pathology.@*RESULTS@#(1) Compared with the blank group, the expression of PAD4 mRNA in the lung tissue of the model group increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). PAD4 mRNA in the lung tissue of the CIA mice after PAD4-siRNA treatment. The expression level was significantly lower than that of the model group and the negative control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). (2) Red fluorescence was less in the lung tissue of the blank group, while more red fluorescence was observed in the inflammatory cell infiltration area and trachea around the lung tissue of the model group and the negative control group, and the red fluorescence of the three groups after PAD4-siRNA treatment was significantly reduced; (3) Compared with the blank group, the proportion of Tfh cells in the model group increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05), the proportion of Tfh cells in spleen cells of the CIA mice after PAD4-siRNA treatment was significantly lower than that of the model group and the negative control group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); compared with the blank group, in the mouse spleen cells in the model group the proportion of Tfr cells was slightly decreased, but the difference was not statistically signifi-cant. The proportion of Tfr cells in the spleen cells of the mice increased after PAD4-siRNA treatment, but the difference was statistically significant only in the PAD4-siRNA2 group compared with the model group and the negative control group (P < 0.05); (4) The proportion of Tfh/Tfr in the spleen cells of the model group was increased, compared with the blank group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); the ratio of Tfh/Tfr in the three groups after PAD4-siRNA treatment all decreased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); (5) Compared with the blank group, the alveolar wall of the lung tissue of the model group was thickened, the inflammatory cell infiltration was increased, and the lung tissue destruction and inflammatory infiltration of the CIA mice were decreased after PAD4-siRNA treatment. The degree of reduction was reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#Gene silencing of PAD4 can reduce the proportion of Tfh cells, increase the proportion of Tfr cells, reverse the proportion of Tfh/Tfr, and reduce the degree of interstitial lesions and inflammatory infiltration of lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arginine , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Gene Silencing , Lung , Mice, Inbred DBA
17.
Journal of Stroke ; : 1-11, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874960

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The present study aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of different blood pressure (BP)-lowering strategies. @*Methods@#Randomized controlled trials that compared various antihypertensive treatments and stroke outcomes were included. Eligible trials were categorized into three scenarios: single or combination antihypertensive agents against placebos; single or combination agents against other agents; and different BP-lowering targets. The primary efficacy outcome was the risk reduction pertaining to strokes. The tolerability outcome was the withdrawal of drugs, owing to drug-related side effects (PROSPERO registration number CRD42018118454 [20/12/2018]). @*Results@#The present study included 93 trials (average follow-up duration, 3.3 years). In the pairwise analysis, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) and beta-blockers (BBs) were inferior to calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (odds ratio [OR], 1.123; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.008 to 1.252) (OR, 1.261; 95% CI, 1.116 to 1.425) for stroke prevention, BB was inferior to angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) (OR, 1.361; 95% CI, 1.142 to 1.622), and diuretics were superior to ACEi (OR, 0.871; 95% CI, 0.771 to 0.984). The combination of ACEi+CCB was superior to ACEi+diuretic (OR, 0.892; 95% CI, 0.823 to 0.966). The network meta-analysis confirmed that diuretics were superior to BB (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.58), ACEi+diuretic (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.02 to 2.08), BB+CCB (OR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.05 to 3.79), and renin inhibitors (OR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.25 to 2.75) for stroke prevention. Regarding the tolerability profile, the pairwise analysis revealed that ACEi was inferior to CCB and less tolerable, compared to the other treatments. @*Conclusions@#Monotherapy using diuretics, CCB, or ARB, and their combinations could be employed as first-line treatments for stroke prevention in terms of efficacy and tolerability.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 514-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effects of percutaneous spinal endoscopy (percutaneous endoscopy) in the treatment of high prolapse free lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From May 2016 to June 2018, 24 patients with highly prolapse free lumbar disc herniation were enrolled in this study, including 11 males and 13 females, ranging in age from 48 to 72 years old, with an average of (59.5±7.2) years old. There were 1 case of L, 5 cases of L, 18 cases of L. The course of disease ranged from 8 to 26 months, with an average of (16.2±6.3) months. All the patients were subjected to local infiltration anesthesia. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) for leg pain, low backpain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at preoperative, first day after operation and 6 month after surgery. All data were statisticed by SPSS 22.0.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with a mean of (17.5±5.3) months. The average operation time was(69.8±14.2) minutes. One patient had cerebrospinal fluid leakage, which improved after supine rest. VAS scores of lower back pain were 6.36±1.27, 3.94±1.03, 1.62±0.87, 0.44±0.27, 0.37±0.29. VAS scores of leg pain were 8.28±1.74, 3.16±1.24, 2.83±1.13, 0.83±0.31, 0.46±0.31, and the differences were statistically significant (<0.05). The ODI were (48.79±9.83)%, (36.51±11.24)%, (21.05±6.35)%, (9.83±4.62)% and (7.24±4.72)% 1 day before and 1 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the operation, respectively. One year after the operation, the modified Macnab evaluation system was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the patients, 19 patients got an excellent result, 3 good, 2 fair and 0 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous endoscopic pedicle anchoring technique for the treatment of high prolapse free lumbar disc herniation can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients, and has the advantages of less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery, complete removal of the nucleus pulposus, and less pain of patients, etc., its clinical efficacy is accurate, operability is strong, it is worth promoting in the clinical use.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Lumbar Vertebrae , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 643-648, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe effects of (, TLZT) gel preparation on p53, miR-502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissue of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore mechanism of TLZT gel preparation in treating KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirthy-six Wistar rats aged 8 weeks and weighed 200 to 220 g (meaned 208 g) were randomly divided into normal group, model group and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, 12 rats in each group. KOA model was established by modified Hulth method. After 4 weeks of modeling, TCM group treated with TLZT gel preparation for external use, 3 times daily for 2 weeks;normal group and model group were fed normally without intervention. After treatment, morphological changes of specimens in each group were observed, changes of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR, and contents of p53, NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR and Western Blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1)Morphological observation of specimens showed that the articular cartilage in model group was hyaline and uneven, the synovial membranes were hypertrophic and proliferative with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating, the joint fluid was thicker in texture;the articular cartilage in TCM group was more transparent and smooth, synovial hyperplasia was mild with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the texture of articular fluid was clear and sparse. (2) Compared with normal group, content of miR-502-5p of synovial tissue in model and TCM group were increased, mRNA and expression of p53 decreased, expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 increased. (3)Compared with model group, content of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue of TCM group decreased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of p53 increased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 decreased (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of p53, miR-502 -5p, NF -κBp65 in synovial tissue is closely related to synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory reaction, TLZT gel preparation may reduce proliferation and inflammatory reaction of KOA synovium by regulating the expression of p53, miR- 502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , MicroRNAs , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Rats, Wistar , Synovial Membrane , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 246-254, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the valuable predictors for evaluating progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with lung adenocarcinoma, we analyzed the potential roles of standardized uptake value (SUV)-derived parameters from 18F-FDG PET/CT, combining with the gene mutation states of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), and other clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Data of 84 lung adenocarcinoma patients pre-treated, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT scans, EGFR gene mutations test, ALK rearrangement assay and other relative tests, were retrospectively collected. Then a series of clinical parameters including EGFR/ALK mutation status and SUV-derived features [maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), average of standardized uptake value (SUVmean), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG)] were evaluated. Best possible cutoff points for all measuring parameters were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. Survival analysis was performed using Cox proportional hazards model to determine the prognostic markers for progression-free survival (PFS). Survival curves were obtained through Log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curve.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up period was 31 months (24 to 58 months). It was found that SUVmax (≥3.01), SUVmean (≥2.25), MTV (≥25.41 cm3), and TLG (≥55.02) of the primary tumors were significantly associated with PFS in univariate Cox proportional hazards regression. Then regardless of age, gender, co-morbidity, EGFR/ALK mutation status, and treatment program, TLG (≥ 55.02, HR=4.965, 95%CI: 1.360-18.133), TNM stage (Ⅲ/Ⅳ, HR=7.811, 95%CI: 2.977-20.489), pro-gastrin releasing peptide (proGRP) (≥45.65 ng/L, HR=4.070, 95%CI: 1.442-11.487), tissue polypeptide antigen (TPA) (≥68.20 U/L, HR=6.996, 95%CI: 1.458-33.574), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (≥82.50 IU/L, HR=4.160, 95%CI: 1.416-12.219) and ratio of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTTR) (≥1.16: HR=4.58, 95%CI: 1.913-10.946) showed the independently relevant to PFS through multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. The EGFR mutant (P=0.343) and ALK rearrangement (P=0.608) were not significant either in survival analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#High SUV-derived parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV and TLG) might provide prognostic value to some extent. Especially, TLG, and other clinical features [TNM stage, proGRP, TPA, ALP, and aPTTR] could be independently and significantly associated with PFS of lung adenocarcinoma patients. However, EGFR/ALK gene status could not be effectively relevant to PFS in lung adenocarcinoma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Genes, erbB-1 , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden
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