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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 416-421, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Interferon (IFN)-λ1, also named Interleukin (IL)-29, is a new member of the Type III IFN or IFN-λ family. IL-29 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many types of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Objective: To study the role of IL-29 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris. Methods: The authors detected the serum levels of IL-29 in forty-one patients with psoriasis vulgaris, twenty-three patients with atopic dermatitis and thirty-eight age and gender-matched controls by sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The effects of IL-29 on the expression of cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-17, IL-8, IL-4, IL10, Interferon (IFN-γ) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), in PBMCs and HaCat cells were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: Our data indicated that serum IL-29 levels were significantly elevated in patients with psoriasis vulgaris when compared with atopic dermatitis patients and the control group. Moreover, Serum levels of IL-29 were closely associated with the severity of psoriasis vulgaris. Furthermore, IL-29 up-regulated the mRNA expression levels of IL-6, IL-17 and TNF-α in PBMCs from psoriasis vulgaris patients. In addition, IL-29 enhanced the IL-6 and IL-8 expression from the HaCat cells. Conclusion: This study provides the first observations on the association of IL-29 and psoriasis vulgaris and showed elevated IL-29 serum levels. The authors suggest that IL-29 may play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis , Interferon-gamma , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cytokines , Interleukins , Interferons
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1591-1598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881548

ABSTRACT

The efficient and safe delivery of drugs to the therapeutic site through the biofilm has traditionally been a difficult and hot topic in the field of drug delivery. In recent years, alkyl polyglycoside (APG) have become ideal penetration enhancers for drug delivery systems because of their high permeability, good safety and biodegradability, which has attracted wide attention of domestic and foreign researchers. In this paper, the physical and chemical properties, characteristics, action mechanism and application of APG in drug delivery system are reviewed, and its application prospect in drug delivery system is prospected.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904630

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in Yunnan province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the soil-borne nematodiasis control strategy in the province. Methods In 2015, a total of 20 survey sites were sampled in 10 counties (cities) of Yunnan Province using the stratified cluster random sampling method. Stool samples were collected from all local permanent residents at ages of one year and older in each survey site, and the soil-borne nematode eggs were identified using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the egg number was counted. In addition, the hookworm species was identified using the filter-paperculture method, and Enterobius vermicularis eggs were detected using the cellophane tape method in children at ages of 3 to 6 years. Results A total of 5 067 residents received stool examinations, and 950 residents were detected with soil-borne nematode infections, with an overall prevalence rate of 18.75%. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichura and hookworm was 7.52%, 8.47% and 9.02%, respectively. Among 446 children detected using the cellophane tape method, 5 children were detected with E. vermicularis infections. Among the 160 residents with hookworm infections, there were 139 residents with Necator americanus infections (86.88%), 16 with A. duodenale infections (10.00%) and 5 with mixed infections (3.12%). Mild A. lumbricoides (67.98%, 259/381), T. trichura (88.58%, 380/429) and hookworm infections (94.53%, 432/457) were predominant. Among the four ecological zones, the highest prevalence of human soilborne nematode infections was found in the East Tibet-South Sichuan Ecological Zone (31.79%), and among the 10 survey counties (cities), the greatest prevalence was seen in Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County (50.13%), while the lowest prevalence was found in Ninglang Yi Autonomous County (0.40%). The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections was 5.67% (43/759), 26.67% (610/2 287) and 14.70% (297/2 021) in high-, moderate- and low-economic-level regions, respectively. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in terms of ecological regions, survey counties (cities) or economic development levels (χ2 = 342.20, 814.60 and 201.34, all P < 0.05). There was no significantdifference in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections between male (18.21%, 441/2 422) and female residents (19.24%, 509/2 645) (χ2 = 0.89, P > 0.05), and soil-borne nematode infections were detected in residents at all age groups, with the greatest prevalence found in residents at ages of 1 to 9 years (25.88%). In addition, the highest prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections was seen in residents with the Dulong Ethnic Minority (82.09%), in preschool children (25.06%) and in illiterate residents (24.80%), and there was no age-, ethnicity-, occupation- or education level-specific prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections detected (χ2 = 46.50, 1 016.96, 36.33 and 52.43, all P < 0.05). Conclusions The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections remains high in Yunnan Province. The management of soil-borne nematodiasis requires to be reinforced among low-age children, farmers, old people and residents with low educations levels or ethnic groups.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1065-1070, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888519

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PADI4) during the process of differentiation into granulocyte of NB4 cells induced by all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and whether PADI4 is involved in the inflammatory cytokines expression.@*METHODS@#Granulocyte differentiation model of NB4 cells induced by ATRA was established. The cell morphology changes were observed by Wright-Giemsa staining. The expression of cell differentiation marker CD11b was analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of PADI4 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α and interleukin (IL) 1β was analyzed by ELISA, and also examined with the knockdown of PADI4 expression by siRNA.@*RESULTS@#After NB4 cells induced by ATRA, the cytoplasm increased and the ratio of nuclear to cytoplasmic was reduced. Nuclear dented, and rod-shaped nucleus, lobulated phenomenon increased (P<0.05). Flow cytometry analysis results showed that the cell surface molecule CD11b expression increased (P<0.01). RT-PCR and Western blot showed the expression of PADI4 increased at both transcriptional and translational levels during the process of the differentiation. ELISA showed TNF-α and IL-1β secretion increased in differentiated macrophages, while they could be inhibited by PADI4-specific siRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#During the differentiation into granulocyte of NB4 cells induced by ATRA, PADI4 expression increased. Furthermore, PADI4 appeared to play a critical role in inflammatory cytokines secretion.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytokines/metabolism , Granulocytes , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Protein-Arginine Deiminase Type 4/metabolism , Tretinoin/pharmacology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887983

ABSTRACT

A high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) method was established for the fast,and precise determination of ten nucleosides in Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and its counterfeits. Then multivariate statistical analyses,such as clustering analysis,principal component analysis( PCA),and Fisher' s linear discriminant analysis( LDA),were conducted to establish a discriminant function model for an integrated analysis. The results indicated that data acquisition time of a single sample was shortened within 16 min by the HPLC method. In the range of 5-1 000 mg·kg~(-1),the mass concentrations of all nucleosides exhibited good linear relationships with the corresponding peak areas( R2> 0. 999). The spiked recoveries were in the range of 93. 83%-108. 9% with RSDs of0. 12%-1. 3%( n = 5). The limit of quantitation( LOQ) was 0. 98-4. 13 mg·kg~(-1). As revealed by the clustering analysis,Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and the counterfeits could be discriminated into two clusters based on the content of nucleosides. Fisher's LDA could achieve this discrimination,while PCA dimension reduction failed. The accuracy of the discriminant function model established on the screened characteristic indicators reached 97. 5%. The present study proposed a new identification method of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus with one-dimensional indicators,which is simple,accurate,and reliable. It can provide a scientific basis for further optimizing the identification techniques for Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and inspiration for quality control strategy development of Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fritillaria , Nucleosides , Plant Roots
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1460-1469, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887078

ABSTRACT

The development of printing ink is a challenge for binder jetting 3D printed preparations, which directly determines the quality of the printed product. This study adopted a 23 full-factor Design of Experiment (DoE) with three central points to optimize the printing ink composition of levetiracetam 3D printed dispersible tablet based on the concept of Quality by Design. Firstly, using polyvinyl pyrrolidone K30, glycerin and polysorbate 20 as independent variables based on 40% (v/v) isopropanol aqueous solution, and weight variation, hardness, friability and dispersion uniformity of the printed tablets were used as dependent variables. Then obtained the design space of the printing ink prescription by DoE model analysis, and the response optimizer was used to obtain the optimal printing ink prescription: isopropanol aqueous solution containing 0.1% (w/w) polyvinyl pyrrolidone K30 and 4.0% (w/w) glycerin. The jetting mechanism and wettability of the printing ink were analyzed, and different strengths of personalized 3D printed tablets were prepared and characterized, which verified the rationality of the printing ink formulation. This study provided a reference for the development of printing ink for binder jetting 3D printed preparations.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, and EBER in situ hybridization of 136 DLBCL patients diagnosed in Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2007 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 136 DLBCL samples were obtained, the DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n=23), ileocecal region (n=63), other small intestine (n=29), rectum (n=7), and other large intestine (n=14). Survival curves for the DLBCL patients were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and judged by the Log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and other small intestine except duodenum were mainly male (P=0.042), and had a higher proportion of limited-stage tumors(P=0.015), and lower International Prognostic Index (IPI) (P=0.001). Patients with DLBCL of ileocecal region had higher incidence of lactate dehydrogenase elevation (P=0.007), and higher incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation (P<0.001) than those with DLBCL of other regions. The 5-year overall survival and 5-year progression-free survival of patients with DLBCL in ileocecal and other small intestine sites were higher than those in other sites, but the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.135, 0.459). Fifty percent of intestinal DLBCL were germinal center B cell-like (GCB) subtypes. A low-grade B-cell lymphoma was found in 21% of 136 tumor samples. In ileocecal and other small intestinal specimens, the proportion of low-grade B-cell lymphoma was 29%, and the difference was statistically significant(P=0.025). About 16% of 136 DLBCL samples expressed follicular lymphoma while no mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma . The Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA-1 (EBER1) positive rate of duodenal DLBCL was significantly higher than that of other sites (5/23, 22% vs 2/63, 3%, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The intestinal DLBCL is commonly observed in male, and ileocecal is the most primary site. Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and small intestine except duodenum have low IPI, high proportion of limited-stage tumors, low level of lactate dehydrogenase, high incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation, and low incidence of inert lymphoma. The EBER1 positive rate of DLBCL in duodenal is higher.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 119-121, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088709
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876233

ABSTRACT

Objective Serum total prostatic specific antigen (tPSA), free prostatic specific antigen (fPSA), fPSA/tPSA ratio, and prostate cancer-specific antigen density (PSAD) were determined to explore the best identification point, thus improving the specificity of early screening of prostate cancer. Methods The tPSA, fPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia group (n=250) and prostate cancer group (n=92) were tested, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the best cutoff value for the evaluation. Results When the cutoff values of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD were at 11.3 mg/L, 0.16, and 0.18 mg/(L·cm3), respectively, the specificity and sensitivity were the best:82.4% and 84.2% for tPSA, 76.9% and 81.7% for fPSA/tPSA, and 83.1% and 80.4% for PSAD.When the best cutoff values of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD were combined in analysis, the specificity and sensitivity of fPSA/tPSA and PSAD combination showed the best result (92.4% and 81.4%, respectively).When the tPSA value was in the range of 4-10 mg/L, the optimal cutoff values of PSAD and fPSA/tPSA were 0.21 mg/(L·cm3) and 0.15, and the specificity and sensitivity reach the best, which were 84.1% and 80.1%, 81.0 % and 80.3%, respectively. Conclusion Combination of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA and PSAD analysis is better than any single of them in early screening of prostate cancer.The specificity and sensitivity of combined use of fPSA/tPSA and PSAD could serve as an optimal screening reference value.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876180

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze epidemic characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Qingpu District of Shanghai and provide evidence for prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods The COVID-19 cases diagnosed in the medical facilities in Qingpu District were included in the study.Descriptive epidemiology was employed to describe diagnosis, clinical symptoms and possible exposure. Results There were 53 suspected cases identified in Qingpu District, 47 of which were excluded and 6 were confirmed.Two confirmed cases were identified when seeking medical treatment and 4 by other means.Of the confirmed cases, 83.3% were male and 66.7% were imported.Their initial symptom was mainly cough.The 75.0% of the confirmed cases had underlying diseases.By PCR testing of SARS-CoV-2, 100.0% of the sputum specimens tested positive, 50.0% of the nasopharyngeal swabs were positive, whereas 100.0% of the throat swabs were negative. Conclusion COVID-19 is more common in men than in women.The positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 in sputum samples is highest, followed by nasopharyngeal swabs and throat swabs.It is crucial to implement the countermeasures at earlier stages, such as strengthening the road entrance monitoring, at-home or intensive health observation of foreign visitors for early identification of suspected COVID-19 cases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873131

ABSTRACT

Objective::Based on LC-MS and molecular docking strategy, to study the pharmacodynamic material basis of Jinqi Jiangtang tablets in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). Method::UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to identify the chemical constituents of Jinqi Jiangtang tablets. On this basis, the disease targets were screened based on the online disease target database and protein-protein interaction(PPI). The molecular docking technology was used to verify the relationship between the chemical constituents and disease targets in Jinqi Jiangtang tablets, so as to find out the potential pharmacodynamic basis of Jinqi Jiangtang tablets in the treatment of T2DM. Result::Based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, 51 chemical constituents were identified in Jinqi Jiangtang tablets, including 31 astragalus, 16 coptis and 4 honeysuckle. The key targets of catalase from micrococcus lysodeiktic(CAT) receptor, peroxisome proliferative actived receptor(PPARG) receptor and insulin(INS) receptor were identified by CTD database, topological analysis and related literature. Based on LC-MS and molecular docking technology, we found that magnoflorine, coptisine, epiberberine, astragaloside Ⅳ, caffeic acid, palmatine, berberine, jateorhizine, berberubine, berberastine, groenlandne, lycoranine B, demethyleneberberine, isomucrontolula-7-O-glucoside and calycosin-7-O-glucoside were used to treat type 2 diabetes potential pharmacodynamic material basis of urinary diseases. Conclusion::Protein interaction and network topology analysis are helpful for the rapid localization of core targets. In addition, molecular docking technology can realize large-scale virtual screening of potential candidate compounds. The integration of LC-MS and molecular docking technology can facilitate and quickly find the potential pharmacodynamic substance basis in traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, and provide a reference for subsequent drug activity screening experiments.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction and its deficiency tonifying and pathogen eliminating components on renal interstitial fibrosis in UUO rats. Method:A rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) was established through ligation of a unilateral ureter. The rats were divided into six groups: sham operation group, model group, benazepril group, Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction group, Buxufang group, and phlegm group, with 24 rats in each group. On the third day after operation, the rats in the Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction group, Buxufang group, and phlegm group were given Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction concentrating agent at a dose of 8.0 g·kg-1·d-1, the rats in the benazepril group were given benazepril 1.5 mg·kg-1·d-1, and the rats in the sham operation group and the model group were given the same volume of saline. On the 7th, 14th and 21st days after operation, the expressions of peripheral cells and relevant signal pathway markers in renal tissue were detected by Western blot and Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) respectively. Result:The stromal damage score and the interstitial collagen accumulation on the 14th and 21st days after UUO were significantly lower in the Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction group, Buxu prescription group and Qixie prescription group than those in the model group (P<0.05). Except for the sham operation group, the protein expressions of α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), platelet derived growth factor A (PDGFA), nerve/glial type 2 chondroitin sulfate glycoprotein (NG-2), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), platelet-derived growth factor -β (PDGF-β) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β) in the kidney tissues of the 14th and 21st days were significantly increased compared with those on the 7th day (P<0.05). On the 21st day after surgery, the expressions of NG-2, VEGFA, VEGFR1 and PDGFR-β in renal tissue of Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction group were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, relevant expressions of α-SMA, PDGFA, NG-2, VEGFA, VEGFR1, PDGF-β, and PDGFR-β in kidney tissue of Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction group decreased significantly on the 21st day after operation (P<0.05), and relative expressions of α-SMA, NG-2, VEGFA, VEGFR1 and PDGFR-β in the Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction group were significantly lower than those in the benazepril group on the 21st day after surgery (P<0.05). Conclusion:Shenshuai Xiezhuo decoction and its deficiency tonifying and pathogen eliminating components have an antagonistic effect on renal interstitial fibrosis in UUO rats. Its mechanism is related to the inhibition of activation of peripheral cells and relevant cell signaling pathways.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of bench treadmill training on functional recovery for patients with severely burnt on lower limbs. Methods:From October, 2016 to December, 2017, 30 patients with severe lower limb burn were divided into control group (n = 15) and observation group (n = 15). The control group accepted routine comprehensive rehabilitation, while the observation group accepted the bench treadmill training in addition. They were assessed with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Numerical Rating scale (NRS) of pain, Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and 6-minute walking test (6MWT) before and after six weeks of treatement. Results:The scores of SAS, SDS and NRS decreased in both groups (t > 3.636, P < 0.01), and they were less in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.319, P < 0.05). The score of BBS and distance of 6MWT increased in the observation group compared with those in the control group (t > 2.541, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Early training with bench treadmill may promote the functional recovery for patients with severe lower limbs burns.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846601

ABSTRACT

Objective: To research the mechanism of ebracteolatain A against breast cancer cells, screening the genes with significant changes using second-generation sequencing, and explore the anti-breast cancer mechanism of action of ebracteolatain A at the transcriptomics level. Methods: The acetyl phloroglucinol compound ebracteolatain A was extracted from Euphorbia ebracteolata, interferencing with MCF7 cells (luminal A type of breast cancer cells) to observe differential gene expression between the interfered cells and normal cells. High-throughput transcriptome sequencing and data analysis were performed on three groups of control groups and three experimental groups using Illumina Hi-Seq sequencing technology. Results: A total of 123 656 848, 123 974 262 available reads were obtained in the control group and experimental group, respectively, the reads on the reference genome were 119 762 214, 119 881 622, respectively, accounting for 96.85% and 96.69% of the total; Two groups of transcriptome controls were available: the total number of differential genes was 1 695, of which 770 were up-regulated, 925 were down-regulated, and 3 874 genes were clearly annotated. Bio-enrichment analysis was carried out by using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). GO analysis found that these 3 874 genes mainly involved in biological processes (1 270), cell composition (1 322) and molecular function (1 282), 45 subcategories of three major categories, including cell growth and development, signaling protein activity, membrane and regulation of gene expression. KEGG analysis revealed that the differentially expressed genes involved 263 signaling pathways; The main metabolic pathways were: PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, carbohydrate metabolism, myocardial system and cellular reproductive system and etc. Conclusion: The results showed that 1 695 differential genes were screened and identified by Illumina Hi-Seq sequencing technology, and the relationship between the genes of ebracteolatain A and MCF7 cells was further understood, which provided some theoretical cornerstones for breast cancer treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817699

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】Platelet hyper- reactivity plays an important role in thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases. As a dietary supplement,Fruitflow,a water-soluble tomato concentrate,plays an important role in preventing cardiovascular diseases,but the mechanisms have been poorly understood,and there is no direct evidence about the effect of Fruitflow on thrombosis. This study intends to explore the effects of Fruitflow on platelet aggregation,activation and thrombosis in healthy people,and explore its possible mechanism.【Methods】Platelets from healthy men and women were incubated with different concentrations(0,20,40,80 mg/L)of Fruitflow,and the platelet aggregation was measured by platelet aggregometer. Platelet αIIbβ3 activation and fibrinogen binding to the activated platelets was measured by flow cytometry. The thrombosis in FeCl3- induced mesenteric artery thrombosis model in mice was observed by stereoscopic fluorescence microscope. The bleeding time was measured by tail clipping in mice. The total and phosphorylation levels of platelet Akt, Erk1/2 and JNK were determined by Western blotting.【Results】After the stimulation of ADP,Fruitflow could significantly attenuate platelet aggregation in the dose of 20,40,80 mg/L. Compared with that in the control group(43.75±5.91)%, platelet aggregation in the 80 mg/L group decreased to(8.25 ± 4.57)%(P < 0.000 1). Fruitflow also inhibited the activation of platelet αIIbβ3. Compared with that in the control group(79.36±6.26),the platelet αIIbβ3 in the 80 mg/L group decreased to(65.79±5.73,P < 0.01). Fruitflow reduced the platelet fibrinogen binding to the activated platelets. Compared with that in the control group(69.34 ± 6.63),platelet fibrinogen binding to the activated platelets in the 80 mg/L group decreased to(56.70±8.86,P < 0.05). Fruitflow attenuated the thrombosis in FeCl3-induced mesenteric artery thrombosis model. Compared with that in the control group(22.50±4.86),the vessel occlusion in the 80 mg/L group was extended to(39.20 ± 4.61,P < 0.01). There was no statistical difference between the control group (5.95 ± 0.69) and the 80 mg/L group(5.74 ± 0.76)in bleeding time(P > 0.05). Fruitflow down- regulated the phosphorylation levels of platelet Akt, Erk1/2 and JNK proteins. Compared with the control group,P- Akt/Akt decreased from 0.97 ± 0.07 to 0.33 ± 0.13(P <0.001),P-Erk1/2/Erk1/2 decreased from 0.89±0.09 to 0.24±0.02(P < 0.01),and P-JNK/JNK decreased from 0.97±0.12 to 0.45±0.04(P < 0.01)in the 80 mg/L group.【Conclusion】Inhibition of platelet PI3K/Akt and MAPKs signaling pathway may be one of the mechanisms that Fruitflow inhibits platelet aggregation ,activation and thrombosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878679

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prognostic factors of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection(CR-BSI)and provide reference for clinical practice. Methods The clinical data of 346 CR-BSI patients from February 2014 to July 2019 were retrospectively reviewed,and the prognostic factors were analyzed. Results Of the 346 CR-BSI patients,62 died,yielding a case-fatality rate of 17.92%.Univariate analysis showed that 18 factors including age(


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Hypoproteinemia , Klebsiella Infections , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Mycoses , Prognosis , Pseudomonas Infections , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sepsis/mortality
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(8): 1055-1060, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041056

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE This study aims to investigate the causes of misdiagnosis in assessing tubal patency by transvaginal real-time three-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy), in order to improve the diagnostic efficiency of TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy. METHODS A total of 162 oviducts of 83 infertility patients were examined by TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy. These results were compared with the gold standard for laparoscopic dye studies, and the misdiagnosed cases were analyzed. RESULTS TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy revealed that 68 oviducts were unobstructed and 94 obstructed. The results for the 144 oviducts were in line with the gold standard, while those for 18 oviducts were not. The accuracy rate of the TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy was 88.9%, and the misdiagnosis rate was 11.1%. The main causes of misdiagnosis included contrast medium countercurrent and diffusion, oviduct spasm, abnormal shape or position of the oviduct, pelvic adhesion, and poor imaging operation. CONCLUSION TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy can well-evaluate tubal patency, and understand and improve the cause of misdiagnosis. Furthermore, the diagnostic efficiency of TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy can still be further improved.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar as causas do diagnóstico equivocado na avaliação da patência tubária por meio da ultrassonografia de contraste histerosalpingo em tempo real transvaginal (TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy), a fim de melhorar a eficiência diagnóstica das TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy. MÉTODOS Um total de 162 ovidutos em 83 pacientes da infertilidade foi examinado por TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy. Esses resultados foram comparados com o padrão ouro para estudos de tintura laparoscópica, e os casos diagnosticados erroneamente foram analisados. RESULTADOS TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy revelaram que 68 ovidutos foram desobstruídos e 94 ovidutos foram obstruídos. Os resultados para os 144 ovidutos estavam em consonância com o padrão ouro, enquanto que aqueles para os 18 ovidutos, não. A taxa de acurácia do TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy foi de 88,9%, e a taxa de erro de diagnóstico foi de 11,1%. As principais causas de erro de diagnóstico incluíram contraponto e difusão do meio de contraste, espasmo do oviduto, forma ou posição anormal do oviduto, adesão pélvica e má operação de imagem. CONCLUSÃO TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy pode bem avaliar a patência tubária, e compreender e melhorar a causa do erro de diagnóstico. Além disso, a eficiência diagnóstica do TVS RT-3D-HyCoSy ainda pode ser melhorada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Fallopian Tubes/diagnostic imaging , Infertility, Female/diagnostic imaging , Hysterosalpingography , Risk Factors , Endosonography , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Diagnostic Errors , Fallopian Tube Patency Tests/methods , Middle Aged
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for the determination of related substances in dexmetomidine hy- drochloride gels,and investigate the compatibility of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride and excipients in the dexmetomi- dine hydrochloride gels. Methods: HPLC was performed on an octadecylsilane bonded silica gel column by a gradient elution with acetonitrile/0.008 mol/L NaH2PO4 solution as mobile phase. Flow rate was 1.0 ml/min. Column temperature was 30℃. Injection volume was 50 μl. Detection wavelength was 210 nm. According to the Basic Technical Guidelines for the Research of Chemical Drug Preparations,dexmetomidine hydrochloride was mixed with excipients in a certain propor- tion,and the mixtures were treated as test sample at the conditions of high temperature(60℃)and strong light(4500± 500)Lx irradiation. Sampling was performed on the 0,10th and 30th day of treatment,respectively. The appearance of the test samples was examined,and related substances in the samples were determined by the established HPLC method. Results: The established HPLC method showed a good specificity and durability,which could be used to accurately and effectively determine the changes of related substances. The appearance of the test samples the mixtures of dexmetomi- dine hydrochloride and excipients showed no changes in the full course of treatment at the tested conditions,and the re- lated substances were also not increased under the same conditions. Conclusion: The selected excipients(HPMC,pro- pylene glycol,methylparaben,sodium benzoate,and benzyl alcohol)all showed a good compatibility with dexmetomi- dine hydrochloride,and the tested mixture samples with the excipients and dexmetomidine hydrochloride were stable un- der the conditions of high temperature and strong light irradiation. These excipients could be used for the formulation screening for the dexmedetomidine hydrochloride gel development.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775983

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between asymptomatic bacteriuria(AB)and surgical site infection(SSI)in middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy.Methods The clinical data of 1469 middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from June 2011 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Factors associated with SSI after operation were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression models to identify the relationship of AB with SSI after open hysterectomy.Results Of these 1469 patients,101(6.88%)had SSI and 124 had AB[including 14 patients(11.29%)with infections].In addition,1345 patients had no AB,among whom 87(6.47%)had infections.Thus,the infection rate in patients with AB was significantly higher than that in patients without AB(=4.123,=0.042).Univariate analysis showed AB,history of diabetes mellitus,surgical procedure,length of stay(>15 d),season(summer and autumn),body mass index(≥25 kg/m ),nature of lesions(malignant tumors),ASA grade(>grade Ⅱ),incision length(≥10 cm),and operative time(≥3 h),bleeding volume(≥1000 ml),serum albumin concentration(grade Ⅱ)were risk factors for SSI in these patients(all <0.05). Conclusions AB is one of the risk factors for SSI in middle-aged and elderly women undergoing open hysterectomy.Screening and treatment of AB before surgery can reduce the risk of SSI.ASA grading shall be performed before surgery before corresponding preparation was offered.Effective control of blood glucose,improved surgical skills,and shorter operative time are helpful for lowering postoperative SSI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bacteriuria , Blood Glucose , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
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