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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872779

ABSTRACT

Alpinia katsumadai is recorded in Chinese herbal classics of previous dynasties,with a long history of medicinal use and significantly efficacy. This paper made a comprehensive textual research and summarization of the name,origin,distribution of producing areas,genuine producing area,harvesting time,processing method,property and flavor,and treatment functions of A. katsumadai by reviewing the ancient and modern literatures systematically. A. katsumadai has many alias names, such as Doukou,Loukou,Caokou in Chinese. Through the analysis of ancient herbal researches and drawings,it is concluded that there was some disordered uses of A. katsumadai with A. zerumbet and Amomum tsaoko. And the varieties of A. katsumadai have changed in some areas from ancient to present. The original plants of A. katsumadai is Alpinia katsumadai, which belongs to Alpinia of Zingiberaceae in modern textual research. A. katsumadai mainly grows in Lingnan and some other tropical areas; especially, those produced in Hainan have a better quality. The harvest time is usually in summer and autumn when fruits are all ripe. The processing methods of A. katsumadai are various, including heating and bending wrapped with flour, processing slowly with Euodiae Fructus,stir-frying in ancient times,while purifying processing (peeling) is generally used in modern times. A. katsumadai has the effect in invigorating spleen and warming stomach,lower Qi and relieving stagnation-syndrome,drying dampness and driving cold. In modern studies, efforts shall be made to strengthen basic research,establish quantitative standards for processing and digital standard for genuine medicinal materials of A. katsumadai, and deeply explore the compatibility regularity and application of A. katsumadai in ancient prescriptions, in order to ensure the quality and maximize its medicinal value in modern studies.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828403

ABSTRACT

This article is based on basic data such as field surveys and literature surveys, contrasting and analyzing the distribution of Callicarpa nudiflora by different zoning methods, different data sources, and different spatial scales. The results showed that there were certain differences in the distribution results obtained by using different methods, such as qualitative description, similar ecological environment, and niche model, to divide the distribution of the C. nudiflora, but all of them could reflect the distribution of C. nudiflora to different degrees. Among them, the qualitative description division method has certain advantages in macro guidance in a large scale. The distribution range obtained by the ecological environment similar division method is wider than that obtained by applying the qualitative description method and the niche model method. The results of the zoning of the distribution of the C. nudiflora obtained from different data sources were different. The number and representativeness of the survey data have an impact on the zoning results. Through the analysis of the distribution of different spatial scales, the ecological factors and contribution rates that affect the distribution of C. nudiflora are different in China and in the world. The comprehensive multi-source data analysis showed that C. nudiflora mainly distributed in southern coastal provinces such as Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Fujian in China, and also in Jiangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Chongqing, Hunan, Gansu, Taiwan and other provinces. Globally, C. nudiflora are suitable for distribution in Southeast Asia, such as China, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, etc. There are also potential distribution areas in the southern United States and Mexico.


Subject(s)
Callicarpa , China , Data Collection , Information Storage and Retrieval , Vietnam
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 892-896, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780208

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation on the rice culture of Corynespora cassiicola J9, an endophyte inhabiting in Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. resulted in isolation of eight compounds, including a new depsidone derivative, corynether C (1), and seven analogues, corynether B (2), corynetherlactone A (3), corynether A (4), diaryl ether (5), corynesidone C (6), corynesidone D (7), and corynesidone A (8). Their structures were deduced based on 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, and HR-ESI-MS data. All of the isolated compounds were evaluated for inhibitory activities against Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel by the leaf spray assay. Unfortunately, none of them showed inhibitory effects.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294086

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed at analyzing the effect of genotype (G), environment (E) and their interactions (G x E) on the major bioactive components of 2-year licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) population, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the licorice breeding with high content of bioactive components and quality improvement.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Four genotype licorice populations were transplanted under four different environments by using complete randomized block design with three replicates, and four major bioactive components, including glycyrrhizin (GL), total saponins (TS), liquiritin (LQ) and total flavonoids (TF) were determined by UV and by HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The major bioactive components of licorice were influenced by genotype and environment, and the genotype had more effect on all of the bioactive components. The contents of GL and LQ were codetermined by genotype and environment factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There exist different selective effects on different growth region for quality breeding in cultivated population of licorice.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ecosystem , Gene-Environment Interaction , Genotype , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Metabolism
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