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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802228

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the neuroprotective effect of modified Yuejuwan and Ganmai Dazao Tang (YJGZ) on glutamate-induced cell injury of mouse hippocampal neuron cell line (HT22). Method: The HT22 cell was cultured aseptically, and the cell injury model was established with high concentration of glutamate acid, YJGZ aqueous extract and drug-containing serum were prepared. Then experiment was divided into normal group, model group, YJGZ drug-containing serum groups (1%, 5%, 10%), YJGZ aqueous extract group (166 mg·L-1), and nimodipine group (100 μmol·L-1). Methye thiazolye telrazlium (MTT) was used to detect the cell survival rate of each group, the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2B protein (NR2B), cyclic adenosine response element binding protein (CREB), phosphorylated cyclic adenosine response element binding protein (p-CREB), extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK),and phosphorylated extracellular regulated protein kinase (p-ERK). Result: As compared with normal group, the cell survival rate was significantly decreased in model group (PPPPPPPPPPConclusion: YJGZ aqueous extract has a significant protective effect on glutamate-induced HT22 cell injury.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 545-549, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357964

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Overexpression of G-protein coupled receptor 34 (GPR34) affects the progression and prognosis of human gastric adenocarcinoma, however, the role of GPR34 in gastric cancer development and progression has not been well-determined. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of GPR34 knockdown on the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of HGC-27 gastric cancer cells and the underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of GPR34 in gastric cancer cell line HGC-27 was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting. HGC-27 cells were employed to construct the stable GPR34 knockdown cell model in this study. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were applied to validate the effect of short hairpin RNA (ShRNA) on the expression of GPR34 in HGC-27 gastric cells. The proliferation, migration of these cells were examined by Cell Counting Kit-8 and transwell. We also measured expression profile of PI3K/PDK1/AKT and ERK using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ShRNA directed against GPR34 effectively inhibited both endogenous mRNA and protein expression levels of GPR34, and significantly down-regulated the expression of PIK3CB (P < 0.01), PIK3CD (P < 0.01), PDK1 (P < 0.01), phosphorylation of PDK1 (P < 0.01), Akt (P < 0.01), and ERK (P < 0.01). Furthermore, GPR34 knockdown resulted in an obvious reduction in HGC-27 cancer cell proliferation and migration activity (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GPR34 knockdown impairs the proliferation and migration of HGC-27 gastric cancer cells in vitro and provides a potential implication for therapy of gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Physiology , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Physiology , Humans , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Lysophospholipid , Genetics , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256899

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of erythromycin on electrical activity and emptying of the intrathoracic stomach after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer and esophagogastrostomy above the aortic arch were divided into the study group (n=15) and the control group (n=15). Electrogastrography and radionuclide gastric emptying were examined for these patients before and 1, 3, 6, 12 months after surgery. Patients in the study group received erythromycin (0.25 g tid po) for 1 week before examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The wave amplitude (Uv), dominant frequency (CPM) and percentage of normal slow wave (%) of electrogastrogram decreased after surgery and returned to normal at the first postoperative month in the study group and the 12th postoperative month in the control group (P>0.05). Gastric emptying was significantly delayed after esophagectomy, and returned to normal one year after operation in the study group (P>0.05). However, gastric emptying remained abnormal in the control group (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Erythromycin improves electrical activity and emptying of the stomach after esophagectomy for cancer. Gastric emptying recovery later than the recovery of electrical activity, which may be related to gastric ischemia and edema.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Erythromycin , Pharmacology , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Female , Gastric Emptying , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Stomach
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 61-65, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346355

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antireflux effects of a modified Nissen fundoplication following esophagectomy for cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2006 to March 2007, 70 patients with esophageal cancer were divided into two groups randomly. Esophagogastrostomy with a stapler only was perform in 35 patients as controls (group C), and a modified Nissen fundoplication was added after esophagogastrostomy with stapler in the other 35 patients as observed group (group O). There were 48 male and 22 female, ranging in age from 47 to 77 years (mean 60.1 years). The operative morbidity and mortality were recorded. Fourty-nine patients were followed at 3 months after surgery, and the questionnaire of life quality (EORTC QLQ C-30) was conducted in 24 patients in group C and 25 patients in group O. Thirty patients were examined with esophageal manometry, 24 h pH monitoring and gastroscopy. There were 16 patients in group C and 14 patients in group O.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in postoperative morbidity between the two groups (P > 0.05). However, the scores of heart burn and regurgitation in the group O were less than in group C (P = 0.041 and 0.034 respectively), but there was no difference in scores of dysphagia between the two groups (P = 0.677). The pressure at the anastomotic site was higher than that in the stomach in group O (P = 0.032), but not in group C (P = 0.448). DeMeester score in group O was 53 ± 46, compared to 140 ± 103 in group C (P = 0.043). The score of esophagitis was 0.9 ± 0.8 in group O, which was lower than 1.6 ± 1.0 in group C (P = 0.041).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Addition of modified Nissen fundoplication after esophagectomy and esophagogastrostomy for cancer significantly increases the pressure at the anastomotic site, thus reduces the extent of gastroesophageal reflux, which leads to the reduction of the extent of reflux esophagitis and the improvement of the quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Esophagus , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Stomach , General Surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 93-96, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317202

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the long-term outcomes of various antireflux procedures for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between November 1988 and January 2004, 129 patients with GERD underwent antireflux procedures. Six kinds of antireflux procedures were performed including Nissen fundoplication, cardiac oblique invagination (COI) procedure, Belsey Mark IV, Toupet, Thal and Dor procedures. One hundred and sixteen patients were followed up. Esophageal manometry study was carried out in 95 patients preoperatively and 51 postoperatively. 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring were carried out in 56 patients preoperatively and 35 postoperatively. Esophagoscopy were performed in all patients before operation and 48 cases after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Clinical symptom scores reduced significantly from 4.1 +/- 0.4 before surgery to 1.1 +/- 1.0 after surgery (t = 27.21, P < 0.01). The outcome of surgery showed excellent in 42 cases (36.2%), good in 60 (51.7%), fair in 7 (6.0%), poor in 7 (6.0%). The long-term follow-up showed excellent or good results in 87.9% of patients. There was no significant difference in Nissen fundoplication, COI procedure and Belsey Mark IV.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There are significant differences in symptom score, esophageal manometry, 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring and esophagoscopy pre- and post-operatively. There is no significant difference in Nissen fundoplication, COI procedure and Belsey Mark IV.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fundoplication , Gastroesophageal Reflux , General Surgery , Hernia, Hiatal , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1044-1047, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the diagnosis and managements of hepatic artery complications in orthotopic liver transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 107 consecutive orthotopic liver transplantation patients was reviewed retrospectively to assess the risk factors and the diagnosis and treatment of the vascular complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of the artery related complications in orthotopic liver transplantation was associated with the quality of the donor organ artery and the reconstruction way of donor-recipient artery intimately. The main hepatic artery related complications were hepatic artery thrombosis and stenosis. The incidence of the vascular complications was 6.54%, and the mortality rate was 85.7%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The main influence factors of vascular complications were the quality of the donor organ artery and the reconstruction way of donor-recipient artery. The key steps of organ salvaging and the patients' life saving were early diagnosis and treatment of those complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Female , Hepatic Artery , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Transplantation, Homologous
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