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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691247


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the long-term prognosis and health-related quality of life of patients surviving hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data were collected from patients with HBV-ACLF, who were hospitalized in our department between November, 2011 and October, 2016 and survived for more than 90 days. The patients were followed for occurrence of newly diagnosed cirrhosis, decompensation events, hepatocellular carcinoma and death. The quality of life of the patients was evaluated using SF-36 score, and the patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and cirrhosis treated during the same period served as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 223 ACLF survivors were included in this study. According to the presence of cirrhosis on admission, the enrolled patients were divided into chronic hepatitis B-related ACLF (CHB-ACLF) group (n=130) and liver cirrhosis ACLF (CIR-ACLF) group (n=93). The 12-, 24- and 50-month survival rates in CHB-ACLF group were 97%, 95.7% and 93.9%, respectively, significantly higher than the rates in CIR-ACLF group (91%, 86% and 74%, respectively; P=0.007). In patients with CHB-ACLF, the 12-, 24- and 36-month progression rates of cirrhosis were 37.9%, 58.4% and 68.7% respectively. Multivariate Cox regression identified the peak value of serum creatinine (HR=1.015, P=0.026) and INR (HR=2.032, P=0.006) within 28 days as independent risk factors and serum sodium at baseline (HR=0.84, P=0.035) as an independent protective factor of occurrence of cirrhosis. The score of mental health on SF-36 in ACLF group was significantly lower than the national norms, and the scores for general health and body pain of ACLF patients were significantly higher than those in patients with CHB or cirrhosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The long-term prognosis of ACLF survivors with and without cirrhosis can be different. Acute attacks are associated with an increased rate of cirrhosis progression in CHB patients who recovered from ACLF, possibly in relation with the severity of extra-hepatic organ injuries. The physical and social functions of long-term survivors of ACLF do not significantly decline, but their psychological status can be affected.</p>

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286900


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of long-term therapy with entecavir and Fufang Biejia Ruangan tablet in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-associated fibrosis and explore the synergistic therapy that accelerates the reversion of liver fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 197 patients with CHB-associated fibrosis were recruited from Nanfang Hospital between June, 2010 and June, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups after matching for age, gender and liver stiffness measurement (LSM), namely group A (n=98) treated with Fufang Biejia Ruangan Tablet plus entecavir, and group B (n=99) to receive entecavir only. HBV DNA quantification, HBV serological indicators, blood biochemical indexes, and results of abdominal ultrasound and FibroScan were recorded every 12 weeks. FibroScan values were converted to Metavir staging.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both groups showed significant decreases in serum levels of HBV DNA, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and LSM value from baseline (all P<0.05). The median time to achieve Metavir fibrosis staging improvement were 72 weeks in group A and 96 weeks in group B (P<0.05), and the median time to achieve ALT and AST normalization were 12 and 24 weeks in Group A, respectively, significantly shorter than the time in group B (P<0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups in HBV DNA undetectable rate and HBeAg seroconversion rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination therapy with Fufang Biejia Ruangan tablet and entecavir produces a stronger efficacy than entecavir alone in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B patients with liver fibrosis, and Fufang Biejia Ruangan tablet shows an obvious hepatoprotective effect in these patients.</p>

Alanine Transaminase , Blood , DNA, Viral , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Guanine , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Drug Therapy , Tablets
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265729


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of rs12979860 and rs8099917 in IL28B gene and the response to interferon treatment in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood samples were collected from 82 HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B receiving interferon treatment, including 38 with favorable response to the treatment and 44 without response. IL28B gene was amplified from the chromosomal DNA, and rs8099917 SNP was genotyped based on PCR-RLFP and rs12979860 SNP by sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the responsive patients, the distribution frequencies of TT and TG+GG genotypes and allele G in SNPrs8099917 were 81.6% (31/38), 18.4% (7/38), and 9.2% (7/76), as compared to the frequencies of 97.7% (43/44), 2.3% (1/44), and 1.1% (1/88) in nonresponsive patients, respectively. The frequencies showed significant differences between the responsive and nonresponsive patients (P=0.014 for genotypes and P=0.025 for allele G). The distribution frequencies of CT genotypes and allele T in SNPrs12979860 showed no differences between the responsive and nonresponsive patients (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>rs8099917 SNP is probably associated with the response to interferon treatment in HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B, and Allele G may be predictive of the treatment success.</p>

Adult , Alleles , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Genotype , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Genetics , Therapeutics , Humans , Interferons , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukins , Genetics , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290023


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish immortalized B lymphoblast cell lines (B-LCLs) from healthy anti-HBs antibody (anti-HBs)-positive volunteers and screen for human anti-HBs and the antibody-secreting cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from 3 healthy volunteers positive for anti-HBs with hepatitis B vaccine boost vaccination were infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and incubated in the presence of CpG DNA motifs and cyclosporin A (CyA). The anti-HBs in the culture supernatant of the immortalized B-cells was quantified by Architect anti-HBs assay with chemiluminescent microparticle technique. Immunocytochemistry was performed to identify the differentiation of the cell clones expressing anti-HBs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immortalized B-cell culture was successfully established from the cell clones secreting anti-HBs with EBV infection and CpG DNA stimulation. The titer of anti-HBs in the culture supernatant was at its peak at 3 weeks of cell culture and then decreased gradually. At 3 months of cell culture, the cells still retained the capacity of anti-HBs production as verified by the results of immunocytochemistry for CD20 and CD138.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Immortalized B-cell culture secreting anti-HBs from volunteers receiving boost hepatitis B vaccination has been successfully established by modified EBV immortalization technique.</p>

B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line , Cell Transformation, Viral , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , Vaccination
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282932


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide an cell model of immortalized lymphoblstoid B-cell lines for studying the biological characteristics of full-length hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome carrying the hot-spot mutations V60, G87, and L97.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>V60, G87, and L97 mutation points were introduced into HBV p3.8 II plasmid containing 1.2 copy of HBV genome by means of site-directed mutagenesis. The HBV genome was amplified by PCR from p3.8 II and p3.8 II-V60, G87, L97 plasmid, and the PCR product was inserted into EBO-plpp eukaryotic expression vector. The recombinant vectors and the EBO-plpp vector were transfected into immortalized human lymphoblasts with lipofectamine 2000 and selected with hygromycin. Steady expression of the target genes was determined by RT-PCR, Western blotting and microparticle enzyme immunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>DNA sequence analysis indicated that the desired mutation was introduced into wild-type HBV DNA. HBsAg, HBeAg and HBcAg could be detected in EBO-HBV-transfected cell lysate or culture supernatant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transfectants that stably express HBV mutant antigen may provide a cell model to study the biological characteristics of HBV carrying hot-spot mutation in vitro.</p>

B-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Virology , Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Transformed , Cell Transformation, Viral , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Eukaryotic Cells , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Genetic Vectors , Genome, Viral , Genetics , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Genetics , Metabolism , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Point Mutation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection