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1.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 573-577, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the application of narrow-band imaging in diagnosis of the nasopharyngeal malignant lesions. METHODS A total of 52 cases of nasopharyngeal malignant lesions were examined and diagnosed by white and NBI endoscopy between June 2014 and August 2015, and their diagnosis efficacies were evaluated based on pathological diagnosis as a gold standard. RESULTS Of 52 cases, 46 cases were malignant lesion(88.46%) and 6 were non malignant lesion(11.54%). The diagnostic accuracy by NBI for the nasopharyngeal malignant lesions was 86.54%(45/52), which was significantly higher than that of white light 69.23%(36/52, χ2=4.522, P<0.05). The sensitivity of NBI and white light to detect nasopharyngeal carcinoma was 97.83%(45/46) and 78.26%(36/46) respectively(χ2=8.364, P<0.05). CONCLUSION NBI has high application value in diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and is expected to become one of the important means to diagnosis of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 2078-2082, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746822

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To estimate the clinical significance of target biopsy in clinical diagnosis, and accurate pathologic specimen acquisition of laryngeal lesion by using narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy.@*METHOD@#A total of 156 cases of patients with laryngeal lesions were collected from the department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Tianjin Union Medical Center from Aug 2012 to Dec 2014. All patients were randomly divided into regular biopsy group and NBI target biopsy group. Image data were recorded and the patients' samples were biopsied. The pathologic diagnosis was used to evaluate the accuracy of regular biopsy and target biopsy.@*RESULT@#Based on the pathologic diagnosis, the correct accurate pathologic specimen acquisition rates in NBI target pathology group at stage 0 (Tis), stage I and stage II laryngeal cancer diagnosis compliance rate were higher than those in regular biopsy group, stage 0 (Tis) (χ² = 22.00, P < 0.05), stage I (χ² = 8.33, P < 0.05) and stage II (χ² = 4.55, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NBI endoscopy plays an important role in the clinical diagnosis and accurate pathologic specimen acquisition of laryngeal carcinoma and can be a regular means to detect laryngeal lesions in clinical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Methods , Endoscopy , Methods , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Larynx , Pathology , Narrow Band Imaging , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 28-31, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425346

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation(TCRF)for treatment of elderly patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods From March 2009 to June 2010,52 elderly patients with OSAHS confirmed by polysomnography(PSG)were treated with TCRF under local anesthesia.PSG monitoring was used preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively to determine the therapeutic effect.Apnea hyponea index (AHI),the lowest blood oxygen saturation(LSaO2),sleep apnea quality of life index(SAQLI)and the Epworth sleepiness scale(ESS)were assessed before and 6 months after operation.Results All these cases were reevaluated with PSG by the end of postoperative period lasted for 6 months.Thirteen cases were cured,18 cases were significantly improved,15 cases were improved,6 cases were not improved,with a total effective rate of 88.5%(46/52).No serious complications occurred.After operation,AHI decreased from (47.8 ± 13.7)times/h to(13.5 ± 7.3)times/h,LSaO2 increased from 0.677 ± 0.095 to 0.808 ± 0.056,SAQLI increased from(3.53 ± 0.43)scores to(5.01 ± 0.22)scores and ESS scores decreased from(14.93 ± 3.13)scores to(5.33 ± 2.52)scores,all above index had significant differences(P< 0.01).Conclusions TCRF for elderly patients with OSAHS is effective,and can improve their health-related quality of life.This treatment is convenient,simple,minimally invasive,repeatable,without serious complications,and can be especially suitable for surgical treatment of elderly patients with mild and moderate OSAHS.

4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 987-988, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418836

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical significance of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in tissues of nasal inverted papilloma (NIP).MethodsThe clinical data of patients with NIP underwent surgical resection were retrospectively analyzed.The TGF-β1 and VEGF expression in NIP tissues and nasal polyps tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry method.100 patients with NIP were divided into benign lesions,atypical hyperplasia and malignant group according to result of pathological diagnosis,the nasal polyps was used as the control group.ResultsThe positive expression rate of TGF-β1 and VEGF in the NIP group were 46.0% and 32.0%,compared with the control group the differences were significant(all P < 0.05 ).In different pathological groups,the results of TGF-β1 and VEGF expression were malignant group > atypical hyperplasia > benign lesions.The positive expression rate of TGF-β1 and VEGF in the NIP group had significantly positive correlation(P < 0.05).ConclusionThe TGF-β1 and VEGF expression were closely related to the the occurrence,development and malignant of NIP.TGF-β1 was highly expressed in the NIP tissues,and could increase the expression of VEGF and promote the formation of neovascularization of NIP.

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