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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 21-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993717

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus infection(COVID-19)has spread rapidly around the world since its emergence in 2019, with universal susceptibility of the population, causing hundreds of millions of infections and millions of deaths worldwide. Recently, the World Health Organization reconfirmed that COVID-19 is still a public health emergency of international concern. In order to ensure the early detection, identification and intervention of severe COVID-19 cases, reduce the disease severity and mortality, and further standardize the application of antiviral drugs for treatment, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID) has invited experts to develop the Expert Consensus on Antiviral Therapy of COVID-19 based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for COVID-19 ( Trial version 10) in January 2023. The expert consensus is an important document that systematically reviews, summarizes and analyzes the application of antiviral drugs for COVID-19 from a multidisciplinary perspective for the first time, and can provide guidance and reference for medical institutions at all levels in the selection of antiviral drugs for COVID-19. This article aims to interpret the main points of the expert consensus, including the current epidemiological situation and pathogenic characters of novel coronavirus, clinical characteristics and classification of COVID-19, focusing on the antiviral therapy, guidance for home treatment and post-discharge management of patients with COVID-19.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 10-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993716

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has being spreading around the world, posing a serious threat to human health and lives. Neutralizing antibodies and small molecule inhibitors for virus replication cycle are the main antiviral treatment for novel coronavirus recommended in China. To further promote the rational use of antiviral therapy in clinical practice, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine) invited experts in fields of infectious diseases, respiratory and intensive care to develop an Expert Consensus on Antiviral Therapy of COVID-19 based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for COVID-19 ( trial version 10) and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in China. The consensus is concise, practical and highly operable, hopefully it would improve the understanding of antiviral therapy for clinicians and provide suggestions for standardized medication in treatment of COVID-19.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 776-784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971832

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is a satellite virus of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and needs the help of HBV envelope protein to complete its own assembly and replication and then establish a new infection cycle. Chronic HDV infection is considered the most severe form of viral hepatitis, which can accelerate disease progression and increase the risk of liver cancer. Effective antiviral therapy is urgently needed to delay disease progression in patients with HDV infection, but Bulevirtide conditionally approved by European Medicines Agency in July 2020 and interferon previously recommended are the only drugs used for the treatment of HDV infection. At present, studies are being conducted for several antiviral drugs targeting viral replication cycle, and early clinical trials have obtained good results. This means that important breakthroughs have been made in the development of antiviral drugs, bringing hope for the treatment of hepatitis D. This article summarizes the current antiviral drugs for hepatitis D and discusses related treatment regimens, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of hepatitis D.

4.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 915-921, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865602

ABSTRACT

Objective:Sirtuins family is involved in the regulation of many biological events in the cells of the body. As one of the important members, SIRT1 may participate in the formation and development of colorectal cancer. We detected the expression of SIRT1 in colorectal cancer and adjacent normal mucosa to explore its role and significance in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer.Methods:One hundred and twenty surgical specimens of patients from Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Dalian University who were hospitalized for colorectal cancer from January 2018 to July 2018 were selected as experimental group. The normal mucosa tissues more than 10 cm away from the tumor focus were taken as the control group. The expression of SIRT1 in colorectal cancer and normal mucosa was detected by immunohistochemistry SP method and Western blot. The different expression of SIRT1 in different organs of digestive tract and parts of human system was compared with Expression Atlas Database. The relationship between SIRT1 expression and clinical pathological data was analyzed to explore the role and significance of SIRT1 in colorectal cancer.Results:SIRT1 protein was mainly expressed in the tumor cell nucleus. The positive staining was brownish yellow, and it was highly expressed in rectal cancer; Sirt1 expression was positively correlated with the depth of tumor invasion, differentiation and tumor size, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); SIRT1 was highly expressed in human digestive tract, but there was no significant difference in the expression of SIRT1 in various organs of digestive tract; Sirt1 may function through the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway in colorectal cancer. Conclusions:SIRT1 plays the role of oncogene in the development of colorectal cancer, and increasing expression of SIRT1 promotes the development of colorectal cancer. SIRT1 may be a marker of early diagnosis of colorectal cancer, which is of great significance.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 343-346, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754667

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the detection rate of pathogens from sputum , blood, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF ) samples in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS ) patients complicated with pulmonary infection.Methods Seventy-three hospitalized AIDS patients complicated with pulmonary infection in Beijing Ditan Hospital , Capital Medical University were enrolled from February 2018 to September 2018.Blood, sputum and BALF samples were collected.Blood samples were cultured to detect anaerobic bacteria, aerobic bacteria, fungi and mycobacteria.Antigen agglutination method was applied in blood samples to detect cryptococcus neoformans.The sputum samples were tested for Mycobacterium tuberculosis by acid-fast staining and were cultured to detect bacteria and fungi.The sputum samples were observed under microscope for sporotrichosis and fungal spores.The BALF samples were cultured to detect bacteria and fungi. The BALF samples were tested for Mycobacterium tuberculosis by polymerase chain reaction amplification and acid-fast staining.Pneumocystis were detected in BALF samples by methenamine silver staining method .The BALF samples were observed under a microscope for sporotrichosis and fungal spores .The detection rate of pathogens from blood, sputum and BALF samples were compared.Chi-square test was conducted for statistical analysis.Results In 73 AIDS patients complicated with pulmonary infection , the pathogen detection rates in blood, sputum and BALF samples were 8 (11.0%), 23 ( 31.5%) and 48 (65.8%), respectively.The difference was statistically significant ( F =48.513, P <0.01 ).The detection rate in BALF samples was significantly higher than that in blood or sputum samples ( χ2 =43.349 and 17.136, respectively, both P<0.01).The detection rate in sputum samples was significantly higher than that in blood (χ2 =9.215, P<0.05). The highest detection rates of pathogens in blood , sputum and BALF samples were Talaromyces marneffei 4.1%(3), viridans group streptococci 16.4%(12) and 35.6%(26), respectively.Conclusions The detection rate of pathogens in BALF samples from AIDS patients complicated with pulmonary infection is the highest , followed by sputum and blood samples.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 317-323, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710061

ABSTRACT

Cryptococcal meningitis is a common and refractory central nervous system infection,with high rates of mortality and disability.The experts of the Society of Infectious Diseases of Chinese Medical Association have reached this consensus after a thorough discussion.Based on the current situation of cryptococcal meningitis in China,the management of cryptococcal meningitis includes 6 aspects:introduction,microorganism identification,clinical manifestations and diagnosis,principles of antifungal therapy,treatment of refractory and recurrent meningitis,treatment of intracranial hypertension.There is not a separate consensus on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in patients with cryptococcal meningitis.This article focuses on different antifungal regimens and reducing intracranial pressure by reference to Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guidelines.The importance of early diagnosis,combined long-term antifungal therapy,control of intracranial hypertension are emphasized.

7.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 352-356, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621115

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of a raltegravir (RAL)-containing regimen among patients on methadone maintenance therapy.Methods From January 2010 to November 2010, 30 virus (HIV) treatment naive patients who were on methadone maintenance therapy were enrolled from a HIV clinic in Kunming, Yunnan Province and a HIV clinic in Hengyang, Hunan Province.All patients were given RAL, tenofovir (TDF) and lamivudine (3TC) as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HARRT).Patients were followed up for 48 weeks to evaluate the adjustment of methadone dose, opiate withdrawal reaction, antiretroviral efficacy and safety.Results From January 2010 to November 2010, 30 HIV patients were enrolled from the two appointed HIV clinics.The mean age was 39±6 years, with 73.3% male patients and 97% Han population.Before the treatment, their mean CD4+T lymphocyte counts was 210 /μL.Ninety percent of patients were co-infected with hepatitis C.Twenty-nine patients who completed study follow-up were included in final analysis.Five (17.8%) patients reported opiate withdrawal symptoms and increased methadone dose 4 weeks after HARRT.At 24 weeks and 48 weeks of HARRT, the average increase of CD4+T lymphocyte counts were (136±71) /μL and (185±88)/μL, respectively.Among patients who provided valid HIV-1 RNA testing results, 82.6% (19/23) and 95.8% (23/24) of patients had undetectable viral load at week 24 and week 48.Six grade 1-2 adverse events were reported in 4 patients.Conclusions In this pilot study, the new regimen containing RAL, TDF and 3TC appears to be an ideal option for patients on methadone maintenance therapy, because of its limited impact on methadone dose and good efficacy and safety profile.

8.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 193-197, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618736

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the rates of regimen modification between patients with different initial antiretroviral therapy, and to investigate risk factors associated with drug toxicity-related regimen modification.Methods A two-years retrospective cohort study was conducted in 14 060 patients who initiated antiretroviral treatment with Zidovudine (AZT)/Tenofovir disoproxil (TDF)+Lamivudine (3TC)+Efavirenz (EFV) since 2012.There were 5 126 patients initiated TDF+3TC+EFV therapy (TDF group) and 8 934 patients initiated AZT+3TC+EFV therapy (AZT group).Chi-square test was used to compare the rate of first-line regimen modification and the rate of toxicity-related regimen modification between two groups.Cox proportional hazard model was used to investigate the risk factors associated with regimen modification.Results A total of 14 060 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients were observed for a median period of 1.85 person-years.There were 2 795 patients who changed their initial antiretroviral regimen and the rate of initial regimen modification was 19.9%.Two hundred patients who changed their initial regimen due to pregnancy were excluded.There were 2 070 patients in AZT group who changed their initial regimen with a rate of 23.5%.Among them, 1 652 patients changed their regimen due to drug toxicity and the rate was 18.8%.There were 525 patients in TDF group who changed their initial regimen with a rate of 10.4% and the rate of toxicity-related regimen modification was 6.2%.The differences between two groups were statistical significance (χ2=366.68 and 416.89, respectively, both P45 years old, BMI<18.5 kg/cm2 and baseline CD4+ T cell count<200/mL were risk factors associated with regimen modification.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 407-410, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615260

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of long-term anti-viral treatment in children with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and investigate the factors affecting the treatment efficacy and growth and development of the children, so as to provide reference for improving the efficacy of antiviral drugs.Methods Children with AIDS receiving anti-retroviral treatment during 2004 to 2016 were retrospectively enrolled.The height, weight and CD4+ T cell counts were recorded every half year and the measurement of HIV RNA load was recorded on an annual basis.The CD4+ T cell counts and viral inhibition rates for the children who were under the treatment in the first year, 1~0.05);and viral inhibition rates were 92.9% and 97.6%, respectively with no statistical significance (χ2=1.071, P>0.05).The viral inhibition rate for the children receiving the treatment for 1 year was 85.7%, while that for whose treatment lasted for more than 10 years was 100.0%.A total of 5 cases developed drug-resistance (2 cases treated for 1 to 5 years and 3 cases for 5 to 10 years), and the virus replication was completely inhibited after switching to Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r).The drug compliance was more than 95.0%.64.8% of children met the standard height, while 68.5% met the standard body mass.The baseline and last measured CD4+ T cell counts showed no significant differences between family-raised and social organization-raised children (Z=-1.159 and -0.523, respectively, both P>0.05).The children from high-income families had no significant differences compared with those from low-income ones in terms of the baseline and last measured CD4+ T cell counts (Z=-0.019 and -0.776, respectively, both P>0.05).Conclusions The long-term anti-retroviral treatment can effectively elevate the CD4+ T cell counts, inhibit viral replication and ensure drug compliance, which may promote the growth and development of children.However, approximately 30% children are still lower than the normal standards in terms of height and body mass.The drug-taking observer plays a central role on treatment effect.Most of the children′s family suffer from poor economic conditions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 321-326, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494895

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of malnutrition in human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV )‐infected children in China , and to explore and analyze the factors associated with malnutrition .Methods A cross‐sectional study was conducted by the antiretroviral treatment database of children .HIV‐infected children aged between 0 - 15 years old who initiated antiretroviral treatment were collected between January 1st , 2010 and December 31st , 2014 . Z‐score of height and weight were calculated by WHO Anthro (plus) software .Univariate and multivariate Logistic model analyses were performed to determine the factors associated with acute /chronic/mixed malnutrition .Results Baseline data of the 3 138 HIV‐infected children showed that 1 645 patients (52 .42% ) had malnutrition before antiretroviral treatment ,with acute ,chronic and mixed malnutrition of 8 .76% (275) ,39 .77% (1 248) and 3 .89% (122) ,respectively according to the type of malnutrition .Multivariate analysis showed that baseline CD4 + cell count < 200 cells/μL was the risk factor associated with acute malnutrition (aOR =2 .27 ,95% CI :1 .68 - 3 .06) ;rural settings (aOR = 1 .30 ,95% CI :1 .11 - 1 .53) ,baseline CD4 + cell count < 200 cells/μL (aOR = 1 .98 ,95% CI :1 .65 - 2 .38) ,baseline CD4 + cell count between 200 to 350 cells/μL (aOR = 1 .38 ,95% CI :1 .13 - 1 .69) and having AIDS‐related diseases (aOR = 1 .34 ,95%CI :1 .13 - 1 .59) were risk factors associated with chronic malnutrition ;and age of 11 - 15 years (aOR =2 .38 ,95% CI :1 .46 - 3 .88) ,baseline CD4 + cell count < 200 cells/μL (aOR = 4 .99 ,95% CI :3 .04 -8 .21) and having AIDS‐related diseases (aOR = 2 .45 ,95% CI :1 .65 - 3 .66) were risk factors associated with mixed malnutrition .Conclusions The prevalence of malnutrition in untreated HIV‐infected children remains high .All three types of malnutrition are associated with immunodeficiency .Early diagnosis and early treatment should be improved in HIV‐infected children through antiviral therapy to reduce the destruction of HIV to immune system .At the same time ,intensified monitoring of the nutritional status and nourishing undernourished children should be strengthened to reduce the prevalence of malnutrition .

11.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 372-375, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494289

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of HIV infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on mitochondrial function and mass in peripheral monocytes.Methods There were 14 ART-naive HIV-infected patients,14 NRTI treated HIV-infected patients and 12 healthy controls from Beijing Ditan Hospital.The mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial mass in monocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry.Mitochondrial disturbances related to HIV infection and HAART in monocytes were analyzed.Results In ART-naive patients and NRTI-exposed patients,the levels of mitochondrial membrane potential in monocytes (77.74 ± 14.77,73.94 ± 12.87) were significantly lower than these in healthy controls (89.43 ±4.06) (P =0.032 8,P =0.002 6).The amount of mitochondrial mass in NRTI-exposed patients (3 329.0 ± 836.7) was significantly higher than that in healthy controls (2 075.0 ± 932.2) and that in ART-naive patients (2 592.0 ± 781.5) (P < 0.05).Conclusions The abnormal of mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial mass in monocytes from HIV-infected patients were related to HIV infection and the introduction of HAART.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1345-1350, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248652

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the progress and characteristics of China' s "Free AIDS treatment strategy" since the implementation of the national "four free and one care" policy against AIDS 12 years ago.Methods Retrospective cohort study and cross-sectional analysis had been conducted in this study.368 449 cases that had received the ‘free antiviral therapy’ from 2002 to 2014 were selected from the National Treatment Database.Data from the baseline (initial time of ART,CD4 cell count,and antiretroviral regimen) and from the follow-up program (dates and status of follow-up,CD4 cell counts) were gathered and analysed by SAS 9.3.Results The number of cases that having received new treatment was increasing year by year,accounting for 75.4% of all the cases identified from 2010 to 2014.Constituent ratios of patients with baseline CD4 cell count <200 cells/μl and clinical diagnosis of AIDS were decreasing from 81.0% in 2006 to 39.7 % in 2014.Status on drug optimization showed that:3TC replaced DDI,EFV replaced NVP and TDF replaced D4T,making the utilization rates as 99.5%,75.7%,and 60.6%,respectively,by 2014.Regions that were covered by the treatment accounted for 75.4% of all the counties/districts involved.The previous CDC-led AIDS treatment program and mode of management had been transferred to the hospital-based model.Proportion on the twice-CD4-testing model had been 75.2% since 2010,with the rate of virological detection increased from 70.8% in 2010 to 87.4% in 2014 and the virological unsuccessful testing rate decreased from 17.6% in 2010 to 11.8% in 2014.Among all the patients,the 1,5 and 10 year survival rates appeared as 92.2%,80.5% and 69.6%,respectively.For patients with baseline CD4 cell counts as <50 cells/μl or >350 cells/μl,the corresponding survival rates showed as 81.6%,69.9%,60.9% and 97.9%,89.8%,81.0%,respectively.Conclusion China's HIV/AIDS free anti-retroviral therapy program appeared as a national treatment cohort which involved large number of participants,with new patients joining in,annually.Criterion on drug optimization and treatment were consistently following the recommendation and guidelines set by WHO.Management program on treatment had gradually turned to hospital-based,with follow-up and laboratory testing programs guaranteed,ended up with satisfactory treatment effects.

13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 542-545, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417256

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of plasma drug monitoring in pediatric HIV/AIDS patient antiretroviral therapy adherence monitoring.Methods Totally 261 plasma samples and related information were collected from three consecutive follow-up visits of 87 HIV-infected children treated in Shangcai county CDC of Henan province from March to October 2009.The plasma concentrations of antiretroviral drugs were measured by a developed high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method.Potential adherence influencing factors, such as regimen, age, gender, parent conditions, previous ART exposure and therapy duration, were analyzed by univariate logistic regression.Results Plasma concentration of antiretroviral drugs lower than LLTR (1 000 ng/ml) was the criteria to identify missed dose.The concentrations of 28 plasma samples were lower than LLTR, which meant missing dose.There were 17 patients (19.5%) with their concentrations lower than LLTR at least once in three follow-up visits.Logistic regression analysis of adherence related factors showed that compared with the children whose parents were both alive, the children whose mother and (or) father died were more likely to miss dose.The odds ratio was 4.13(95% credibility interval:1.37-12.46, P values was 0.012).Conclusions HIV-infected children have adherence problems when receiving antiretroviral therapy.Plasma therapeutic drug monitoring can be one of the effective methods to monitor the adherence.

14.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 551-554, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386947

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of free highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in adult infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients in Dehong area. Methods Clinical data of 1039 adult HIV/AIDS patients from five counties/cities in Dehong area who initiated HAART during the period from July 1st 2004 to June 30th 2008 were retrospectively analyzed to examine their virological and immunological responses to HAART. Data were analyzed by Chi-squared test or F test. Results Among the 1039 HIV/AIDS cases, 611 were males and 428 were females. The mean age was (37.0±9.9) years and the mean treatment duration was (22. 41 ± 12. 69) months. Complete viral suppression (HIV viral load<50 copy/mL) was achieved in 781 cases (75. 17%). The percentage of patients achieving complete viral suppression rates were 76.95%, 76.49%, 70.65% and 77. 73% in patients treated for 6-12,13-24, 25-36 and more than 37 months, respectively (x2=8.646, P=0.194). The meanCD4+ T cell counts were (164.93±118.05) × 106/L at baseline, and (330.85±201.73) × 106/L, (356.24±205.49) × 106/L, (434.53±250.65) × 106/L and (396.31±202.62) × 106/L in patients treated for 6- 12, 13-24, 25-36 and more than 37 months, respectively. CD4- T cell counts were significantly different in patients treated for 6-12 and 13-24 months (F= 19. 423 , P<0. 01). Successful immune reconstitution was achieved in 927 ( 90.88 % ) cases. Seven hundred and seventeen (70.29% ) cases achieved both virological suppression and immunological reconstitution with HAART, whereas 40 cases (3. 92%) failed to achieve both virological and immunological responses. Conclusion HIV/AIDS patients in Dehong area show good virological and immunological responses to HAART.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 862-866, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383453

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a mini-pool nucleic acid testing (NAT) assay using multiplex RT-nested PCR for the detection of HIV RNA, and apply it in screening for acute HIV infection among MSM. Methods Frozen EDTA plasma samples collected between Oct. 2008 and Mar. 2009 from 3 HIV infectors during window-period, a total of 30 HIV chronically infected individuals and 97 healthy subjects were used to develop the NAT assay. Plasma samples from 10 cases were pooled into one tube and centrifuged at high speed for the collection of viruses. HIV RNA was extracted. Two pairs of primers were designed according to two conserved regions of HIV RNA ( HXB2 nt 5783-nt 6228 and nt 1235-nt 2012).Multiplex RT-PCR and nested PCR were performed. Individual NAT-reactive samples were confirmed by commercially available NAT assays. The sensitivity and performance efficacy were also evaluated. The assay was then applied to 1 005 plasma specimens from MSM with negative or uncertain HIV antibody test results.These were collected in the same period as the other samples. Results ( 1 ) Two fragments of HIV were amplified successfully with the low detection limit of 162 copies/ml plasma; (2) Results of the mini-pool HIV NAT validation with samples from 3 HIV infectors during window-period were consistent with the expected values; (3) All 30 plasma samples from MSM with positive HIV antibody, which were tested by multiplex RT nested PCR, were found to be HIV RNA positive; (4) One out of 1 005 plasma samples was found to be HIV RNA positive, for this case acute infection was followed-up and sero-conversion was found. Conclusion Mini-pool NAT has good sensitivity, and may be applied to screening HIV RNA among MSM during window-period.

16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 377-382, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381054

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the active tuberculosis patients among HIV infected patients,and investigate the diagnostic methods for active tuberculosis among TB/HIV co-infected patients.Methods From August 2006 to March 2007,660 HIV/AIDS patients were enrolled.The study was conducted at 4 authorized hospitals for AIDS in Nanning and Liuzhou.Chest X-ray(CXR),acid-fast stain test of sputum smear and fast culture were applied if CD+4 T cell counts were below 350 cells/mm3 or the patients at least have one suspected symptom.Result The CD<;+>4 T cell count in 76.1% (502/660) of the patients was less than 200 cells/mm3.TB/HIV coinfection was found in 22.9% (151/660) of the HIV patients.Among them,74.8% (113/151) of them were pulmonary TB patients.One third of them were extra-pulmonary TB patients,and 68.1% of them involved lymph node.In 264 patients with negative sputum smear test and CXR,20.1% (53/264) of them showed positive results in fast culture tests.In addition,the non-tuberculosis mycobacterium (NTM) infection accounted for 38.5% culture positive cases.Conclusions The TB/HIV coinfection rate is 22.8%.Liquid rapid culture of sputum plays an import role in diagnosing of active tuberculosis among HIV patients.There are considerable proportions of NTM or extra-pulmonary TB coinfection in HIV patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 430-432, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399632

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical characteristic of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients younger than 15 years old and to explore the influence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on them. Methods The clinical information, including demographic profile, clinical stages of the disease, laboratory test results and developmental status were gathered from 275 antiretroviral therapy naive patients. Results Seventy eight point nine percent patients were infected by vertical transmission. Sixteen percent were infected by receiving blood products. The average age was (7.6±3. 7) years, with 5 cases younger than 1 year old, 104 cases ranging from 1 - 5 years and 166 cases elder than 6 years. Seventy point one percent patients were classified as stage 3 or 4 according to World Health Organization definitions. The average CD4 count was ( 137 ± 159 )/μL, ( 304 ± 317 ) /μL and ( 1 246 ± 776 )/μL respectively in children elder than 6 years, ranging from 1 to 5 years and younger than 1 year. One hundred and eighty one cases suffered from anemia on different severity grading. The most common HIV related symdromes included persistent fever, skin damage, persistent diarrhea, oral candidiasis and recurrent upper respiratory tract infection. Among these infected children, 49. 6% showed height lower than x - 2s and 19. 9% showed weight lower than x - 2s. Conclusions Most survival pediatric AIDS patients are elder than 6 years. HIV infection can significantly affect the children's immune system function,growth and development.

18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1110-1113, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381879

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the feasibility of human routine blood tests as a surrogate for CD4+ T cell count through studying the correlation of CD4+ T cell count with total lymphocyte count(TLC),hemoglobin(Hb),blood platelet(PLT),and white cell count(WBC)in HIV/AIDS patients.Methods 1 038 person-time blood tests among 778 HIV/AIDS patients were performed and Spearman correlation analysis was used.Predictive power and the cut-off for potential predictors of CD4+ T cell count were assessed through receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves.Combination test was used to assess the capability of multipie indexes to serve as surrogate markers for CD4+ T cell counL Results Significant correlations with CD4+ T cell count were observed for TLC,Hb,PLT and WBC.The Spearman correlation coefficients were r=0.64,P=0.000;r=0.36,P=0.000;r=0.24,P=0,000;r=0.09,P=0.000,respectively.No correlation between TLC and CD4+ T cell count was found when,TLC was more than 2 000 × 106/L(r=0.12,P=0.15).The areas under ROC curve of TLC and Hb for predicting CD4+ T cell count were between 0.82 to 0.84,and 0.66 to 0.70,respectively.When CD4+ T cell count were less than 50,200,350 cells/μl respectively,the optional cut-off value was TLC<1 100 × 106/L,1 200 × 106/L and 1 400 × 106/L.When the study combined TLC<1 200 × 106/L and Hb<120 g/L for prediction of CD4+ T cell count<200/μl,the sensitivity was 45.3% and specificity was 82.8%.Conclusion There is no significant application value for combination of TLC<1 200×106/L and Hb<120 g/L as a surrogate for prediction of CD4+ T cell count<200/μl.

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