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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1931-1936, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941566

ABSTRACT

Glycolysis plays an important role in the development and progression of liver diseases and shows varying degrees of enhancement in different liver diseases, and it is closely associated with mitochondrial dysfunction (oxidative phosphorylation deficiency and reactive oxygen species production), which helps to fill energy production deficiency caused by impaired oxidative phosphorylation. Therefore, it might be possible to search for potential new therapies for liver diseases through targeted regulation of the key factors in aerobic glycolysis, such as hexokinase 2, pyruvate kinase M2, and other regulatory pathways. From the perspective of the association between glycolysis and liver diseases, this article elaborates on the therapeutic significance and potential value of glycolysis in liver diseases, in order to provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of liver diseases.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 708-713, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922986

ABSTRACT

Liver failure is a common severe liver disease syndrome in clinical practice and is one of the critical medical conditions in internal medicine. Massive hepatocyte death is the main pathological feature of liver failure, and its core mechanisms include endotoxin, immune response, and inflammatory cascade reaction. Effective regeneration of hepatocytes to compensate liver function is the physiological basis for promoting the good prognosis of liver failure, which directly affects the prognosis and quality of life of patients with liver failure. It has been found in clinical practice that liver failure patients with a low serum level of cholesterol tend to have an extremely high mortality rate, but as an index of hepatocyte anabolism, the association between cholesterol and hepatocyte regeneration has not been taken seriously. Based on the association between cholesterol and liver regeneration, this article reviews its significance and potential value in the clinical treatment of liver failure, in order to understand the pathogenesis of liver failure from another perspective and provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of liver failure and the development of drugs.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 204-208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862571

ABSTRACT

Acute liver failure is a serious and complex liver disease with a high short-term mortality rate. Its pathogenesis remains unknown and there is still a lack of effective drugs. Animal models play an important role in further revealing the pathogenesis of acute liver failure and the therapeutic mechanism of drugs, and the selection of experimental animals and preparation methods is the key to the effective implementation of research. This article summarizes the commonly used and new animal models of acute liver failure in recent years and the corresponding preparation methods and divides the animal models of acute liver failure into following four categories: chemical drug model, surgical model, infection model, and other models. Meanwhile, the above models are evaluated based on Terblanche and Hickman evaluation criteria for liver failure models, hoping to provide a reference for model selection and evaluation in basic research on this disease.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2266-2271, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778735

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy and safety of norepinephrine combined with albumin versus terlipressin combined with albumin in the treatment of type 1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS1). MethodsPubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP were searched for comparative studies on norepinephrine combined with albumin versus terlipressin combined with albumin in the treatment of HRS1. Quality assessment was performed for articles. Related indicators were extracted, including hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) reversal rate, mortality rate, incidence of adverse events, mean arterial pressure, and renal function, and Review Manager 5.3 was used for data analysis. The chi-square test was used to determine the heterogeneity between studies. Odds ratio (OR) was used for the analysis of dichotomous variables, weighted mean difference (WMD) was used for the analysis of continuous variables, and 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated for these two types of variables. ResultsA total of 6 randomized controlled trials which met the inclusion criteria were included, with a total sample size of 298 patients (149 patients in the norepinephrine+albumin group and 149 in the terlipressin+albumin group). The meta-analysis showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups in HRS reversal rate (OR=0.95, 95%CI: 0.6-1.49, P=0.81), mortality rate (OR=0.84, 95%CI: 0.51-1.41, P=0.51), incidence rate of adverse events (OR=042, 95%CI: 0.16-1.07, P=0.07), mean arterial pressure (standardized mean difference=0.05, 95%CI: -0.92 to 1.03, P=092), and renal function. ConclusionNorepinephrine combined with albumin has similar efficacy and safety as terlipressin combined with albumin in the treatment of HRS1, and terlipressin can be replaced by norepinephrine in clinical practice when necessary.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752083

ABSTRACT

In order to provide reference for treatment of liver tumors using traditional Chinese medicine, we analyzed the research status of liver tumor treatment with traditional Chinese Medicine based on PubMed. By the bibliography information concurrence mining system (BICOMB 2013), the literature were collected and analyzed from PubMed database from the day of establishment to 31 October 2017. CytoScape3.6.1 software was used to draw the Co-occurrence analysis chart of high-frequency subject headings and the subheadings, and SPSS17 statistical software was used to cluster the high frequency subject headings. 365 literatures were collected in total. The amount of published articles is increasing year by year. The literatures were mainly in English. From the literature indicating the author's country, we found that 70% of the top 10 countries and regions which published the most papers were from Asia. Among them, Chinese scholars ranked first. The top 5 of the high-frequency subject headings and the subheadings were Humans, Male, Animals, Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy and Carcinoma, and Hepatocellular/drug therapy. The research focused on the following 9 aspects: metabolism of liver cells, neoplasms, liver cancer pathology, pharmacological efficacy of liver cancer, relationship between cell proliferation and apoptosis and efficacy; xenograft model antitumor assays in mice, pharmacology of antitumor Chinese herbal medicine or phytogenic drugs, the effects of dose-response relationship, cellular activity and signal transduction on drug efficacy, therapeutic uses of traditional and phytotherapy and the outcome and mortality of liver tumor. By the bibliometric analysis in the field of traditional medicine for liver tumor, we can understand the research direction and development status of this field, which can be reference for prevention and treatment of liver cancer with TCM.

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