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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-10, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523860

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study w as t o analyze the influence of the titanium dioxide nanotubes i n a self-cure mode polymerization of a dual resin luting agent through push out bond strength and radiopacity tests. Material and Methods: After mixed with a commercial du al self-adhesive resin cement, three concentrations o f tit anium dioxide nanotubes (0.3, 0.6, and 0.9% by weight) we re analyzed in self-curing mode. T he bond strength to bovine root dentin and fi berglass posts was assessed with the push out bond str ength t est and was evaluated in three thirds (cervical, middle and apical) (n=10), followed by failure mode analysis (SEM), and the ISO standard 9917-2 was followed for radiopacity test (n=10). Data were statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA test, followed by Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Reinforced self-adhesive resin cement with 0.6% titanium dioxide nanotubes showed significant difference compared to the control gr oup for push out test (p=0.00158). The modified groups did not s how significant difference among thirds (p=0.782). Radiopacity sh owed higher value for group w ith 0.9% titanium dioxide nanotubes in comparison w ith control group (p<0.001). Conclusion: The addition of titanium dioxide nanotubes to a self-adhesive resin cement increased the bond strength to dentin and radiopacity values in the self-cure polymerization mode (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi analisar a influência de nanotubos de dióxido de titânio na polimerização química de um agente cimentante resinoso dual através de testes de resistência à união e radiopacidade. Material e Métodos: Após misturado com um cimento resinoso auto-adesivo comercial, três concentrações de nanotubos de dióxido de titânio (0,3, 0,6 e 0,9% em peso) foram analisadas. A resistência da união para a dentina da raiz bovina e os pinos de fibra de vidro foi avaliada pelo teste de push-out e avaliada em três terços (cervical, médio e apical) (n = 10), seguido pelo análise de modo de falha (MEV) e a norma ISO 9917-2 foi seguido para teste de radiopacidade (n = 10). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo teste ANOVA um fator seguido do teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Resultados: O cimento resinoso auto-adesivo reforçado com nanotubos de dióxido de titânio a 0,6% mostrou diferença significativa em comparação com o grupo controle para teste de push-out (p=0,00158). Os grupos modificados não mostraram diferença significativa entre os terços (p=0,782). A radiopacidade mostrou maior valor para o grupo com nanotubos de dióxido de titânio 0,9% em comparação com o grupo controle (p<0,001). Conclusão: A adição de nanotubos de dióxido de titânio a um cimento resinoso auto-adesivo aumentou a os valores de resistência de união à dentina e radiopacidade no modo de polimerização química do agente cimentante (AU)


Subject(s)
Titanium , Dental Cements , Dental Pins , Nanotubes
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361885

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo foi avaliar a resistência de união de seis adesivos experimentais contendo sistemas fotoiniciadores binários ou ternários, associados a três diferentes concentrações de MDP (0-12% em peso) após 12 meses de armazenamento em água destilada. Material e Métodos: Adesivos experimentais foram preparados com: bis-GMA, UDMA, bis-EMA, TEGDMA, HEMA, BHT e etanol, contendo sistemas fotoiniciadores binários (CQ/amina) ou ternários (CQ/amina/DPIHFP ­ 0,5% em peso). Foi adicionado a esta composição 0%, 6% ou 12% em peso de MDP. Os sistemas adesivos foram aplicados seguindo o protocolo com condicionamento ácido. Moldes cilíndricos transparentes foram colocados sobre a dentina hibridizada, preenchidos com resina composta e fotopolimerizados. Os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água destilada a 37oC por 24h ou 12 meses e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (n=6). Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de três fatores e teste de Tukey (α=5%). Resultados: Para o sistema binário, após 12 meses de armazenamento, todos os valores de resistência de união foram semelhantes. Em relação à degradação da resistência de adesão ao longo do tempo, as formulações de MDP de 6% e 12% mostraram resistência de união mais estável do que 0% de MDP. Para o sistema ternário, todas as formulações (0%, 6% e 12% em massa de MDP) mostraram resistência de união estável em função do tempo. Conclusão: Para o sistema binário, as concentrações de 6 e 12% em massa de MDP foram capazes de manter a resistência de união em função do tempo, enquanto que para o sistema ternário, a estabilidade de união foi obtida independentemente da concentração de MDP. Pode-se concluir que, para a formulação dos adesivos utilizados neste estudo, independente do sistema fotoiniciador, a concentração de 12% MDP apresentou valores de resistência de união mais estáveis após 12 meses de armazenamento em água (AU)


Objective: The aim was to evaluate the bond strength of six experimental adhesives containing binary or ternary photoinitiator systems, associated with three different MDP concentrations (0-12wt%) after 12 months of storage in distilled water. Material and Methods: Experimental adhesives were prepared with: bis-GMA, UDMA, bis-EMA, TEGDMA, HEMA, BHT, and ethanol, containing binary (CQ/amine) or ternary (CQ/amine/DPIHFP (diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate) ­ 0.5wt%) photoinitiator systems. It was added to this composition 0wt%, 6wt%, or 12wt% of MDP. The adhesive systems were applied following the etch-and-rinse protocol. Transparent cylindrical molds were placed on the hybridized dentin, filled with composite resin and light-cured. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 12 months and submitted to a microshear bond strength test (n=6). Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Results: For the binary system, after 12 months of storage, all bond strength values were similar. Regarding bond strength degradation over time, 6wt% and 12wt% MDP formulations showed more stable bond strength than 0wt% MDP. For the ternary system, all formulations (0wt%, 6wt% and 12wt%) showed stable bond strength over time. Conclusion: For the binary photoinitiator system, the 6wt% and 12wt% MDP concentrations were able to keep bond strength stable over time, while for the ternary system, bond strength stability was achieved regardless the MDP concentration. (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Cements , Photoinitiators, Dental
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132706

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of MDP (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate) concentration and application mode of experimental adhesives on microshear bond strength (μSBS) to dentin after storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24h and 6 months. Five experimental adhesives were prepared with: CQ, DABE, BHT, ethanol, HEMA, TEGDMA, Bis-EMA, UDMA, and Bis-GMA. Concentrations of 0 wt%, 3 wt%, 9 wt%, 12 wt% or 15 wt% of MDP were added to their composition. The adhesives were applied to flat dentin surfaces in etch-and-rinse or self-etching modes. Cylindrical molds filled with light-cured composite resin were placed above the dentin. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 6 months and submitted to μSBS testing. The adhesives were also submitted to pH analysis. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). All the adhesives used in the etch-and-rinse mode showed significantly higher bond strength than the adhesives applied in the self-etching approach. The 9 wt% adhesive showed the highest bond strength values, and 3 wt% was most stable after storage. A strong negative correlation between MDP concentration and pH was observed. It was concluded that the formulations with low concentrations of MDP (up to 9 wt%) showed better results for bond strength and bond strength degradation over time.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e201674, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116258

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the color stability of bovine enamel with artificial white spot lesions treated with resin infiltration (ICON) or remineralization with fluoride using two storage methods. Methods: Sixty incisors were submitted to artificial white spot lesion induced by demineralization-remineralization (DE-RE) cycling. Initial color was evaluated with CIE-Lab to measure ΔEab. Demineralized teeth were divided according to the treatment of the white spot lesion (n = 20): 1) Remineralization with 2% neutral fluoride gel for 4min (control); 2) ICON application following manufacturer's recommendations; and 3) ICON with decreased drying time after the application of ethanol. After 24h, color was evaluated and samples were subdivided (n = 10) according to storage: 1) distilled water for 1 month; 2) grape juice for 10min daily. After storage, color was evaluated. L*, a* and b* data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and ∆Eab data by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Results: L* was affected by juice storage, and decreased when ICON was applied with decreased drying time after the ethanol application. The same behavior occurred with a* (increase with reduced drying time), while b* was not affected. For ∆Eab significant differences were observed between groups (p = 0.0219) and storage methods (p = 0.0007). There was no interaction effect (p = 0.1118). Remineralization with fluoride presented the lowest color changes after storage in water. Conclusion: Treatment of artificial carious lesions with resin infiltration presented greater color changes than fluoride remineralization after storage in both solutions in vitro


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Esthetics, Dental
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(6): 592-598, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055449

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the polymerization properties of bulk-fill materials (low and high-viscosity) by using high-intensity continuous light and intermittent photo-activation in terms of polymerization shrinkage stress and degree of conversion (DC). The following Bulk-fill and Conventional nanofilled resin composites were evaluated: Filtek Z350XT Flow (3M/ESPE), SureFil SDR Flow (Dentsply), Filtek Bulk Fill Flow (3M/ESPE), Filtek Z350XT (3M/ESPE) and Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior (3M/ESPE). A LED device (DB 685, Dabi Atlante) was used for both protocols: continuous uniform and intermittent photo-activation (light-on and light-off cycles) with identical radiant exposure (14 J/cm2). The polymerization shrinkage stress (n=6) was evaluated by inserting a single increment of 12 mm3 between two stainless steel plates (6×2 mm) adapted to a Universal Testing Machine (UTM), at different times. Measurements were recorded after photo-activation. The degree of conversion was evaluated by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscope (FTIR) with an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) accessory (n=5). Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α=0.05) tests. Bulk Fill Posterior presented higher shrinkage stress values when photo-activated with the intermittent technique (p<0.05). The intermittent photo-activation increased the degree of conversion for the low-viscosity bulk-fills (p<0.05). Therefore, the use of modulated photo-activation (intermittent) must be indicated with caution since its use can influence the shrinkage stress and degree of conversion of composites, which varies according to the resin formulations.


Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades de polimerização de materiais bulk-fill (baixa e alta viscosidade) utilizando luz contínua de alta intensidade e fotoativação intermitente em relação ao estresse de contração de polimerização e grau de conversão (DC). As seguintes resinas compostas Bulk-fill e nanohíbridas convencionais foram avaliadas: Filtek Z350XT Flow (3M/ESPE), SureFil SDR Flow (Dentsply), Filtek Bulk Fill Flow (3M/ESPE), Filtek Z350XT (3M/ESPE) e Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior (3M/ESPE). Um dispositivo de LED (DB 685, Dabi Atlante) foi utilizado nos dois protocolos: fotoativação contínua e intermitente contínua (ciclos de liga e desliga) com exposição idêntica (14 J/cm2). A tensão de contração de polimerização (n=6) foi avaliada através da inserção de um incremento único de 12 mm3 entre duas placas de aço inoxidável (6×2 mm) adaptadas a uma Máquina de Ensaio Universal (UTM), em tempos diferentes. As medições foram registradas após a fotoativação. O grau de conversão foi avaliado por FTIR-ATR (n=5). Os dados foram analisados ​​pelos testes ANOVA a três fatores e teste de Tukey (α=0,05). A resina Bulk Fill Posterior apresentou maiores valores de tensão de contração quando fotoativadas com a técnica intermitente (p<0,05). A fotoativação intermitente aumentou o grau de conversão nas resinas bulk-fill de baixa viscosidade (p<0,05). Portanto, o uso de fotoativação modulada (intermitente) deve ser indicado com cautela, uma vez que seu uso pode influenciar a tensão de contração e o grau de conversão dos compósitos, o que varia de acordo com as formulações da resina.


Subject(s)
Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Viscosity , Polymerization
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e015, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989477

ABSTRACT

Abstract We assessed the effect of a new coating material based on resin-modified glass-ionomer with calcium (Ca) in inhibiting the demineralization of underlying and adjacent areas surrounding caries-like lesions in enamel. The measures used were surface hardness (SH) and cross-sectional hardness (CSH). Thirty-six bovine enamel specimens (3 × 6 × 2 mm) were randomly allocated into three groups (n = 12): No treatment (NT); resin-modified glass-ionomer with Ca (Clinpro XT Varnish, 3M ESPE) (CL), and fluoride varnish (Duraphat, Colgate) (DU). The specimens were subjected to alternated immersions in demineralizing (6 h) and remineralizing solutions (18 h) for 7 days. SH measurements were conducted at standard distances of 150, 300, and 450 µm from the treatment area. CSH evaluated the mean hardness profile over the depth of the enamel surface and at standard distances from the materials. The energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis was conducted to evaluate the demineralization bands created on the sublayer by % of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and fluoride (F). Ca/P weight ratio was also calculated. Based on SH and CSH measurements, there was no difference between groups at the distances 150 µm (p = 0.882), 300 µm (p = 0.995), and 450 µm (p = 0.998). Up to 50 µm depth (at 150 µm from the treatment area), CL showed better performance than DU ( p< 0.05). NT presented higher loss of Ca and P than CL and DU (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the % of F ion among the three groups. The new coating material was similar to F varnish in attenuating enamel demineralization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Calcium/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Cariostatic Agents/chemistry , Random Allocation , Fluorides, Topical/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Hardness Tests , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180449, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002401

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to evaluate the effect of sonochemical treatment on the surface of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP) before and after the final sintering. Material and Methods Twenty-eight Y-TZP discs were divided into four groups (n=7), according to surface treatment: PRE: pre-sintering sonication with 30% nominal power for 15 min; POS: post-sintering sonication with 30% nominal power for 15 min; JAT: air abrasion with 50-μm alumina particles; and CON: control group with no treatment. The POS and JAT groups were sintered before sonication and the PRE group after sonication. Surface roughness was analyzed using confocal microscopy, after which resin cement cylinders were placed on the surface of the Y-TZP discs and subjected to mechanical microshear bond strength test until fracture. Surface roughness and microshear bond strength values underwent ANOVA and the Tukey tests. Results The surface roughness values for the PRE group (299.91 nm) and the POS group (291.23 nm) were not significantly different (p≥0.05), statistically, and the surface roughness value of the JAT group (925.21 nm) was higher than those of PRE and POS (p=0.007) groups. The mechanical microshear bond strength test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the groups (p=0.08). Conclusions Therefore, the results showed that sonochemical treatment modifies the Y-TZP surface and is similar to the well-established sandblasting surface treatment regarding the strength of the bond with the resin cement.


Subject(s)
Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Resin Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Air Abrasion, Dental , Shear Strength
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(6): 666-673, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893674

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sandblasting is a common method to try to improve the Y-TZP/veneer bond strength of dental prostheses, however, it may put stress on zirconia surfaces and could accelerate the t→m phase transformation. Y-TZP sandblasting before sintering could be an alternative to improve surface roughness and bonding strength of veneering ceramic. Objectives. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of Y-TZP pre-sintering sandblasting on surface roughness, phase transformation, and the Y-TZP/veneer shear bond strength. Material and Methods. The Y-TZP specimen surface underwent sandblasting with aluminum oxide (50 μm) pre-sintering (Z-PRE) and post-sintering (Z-POS). Z-CTR was not subjected to surface treatment. After ceramic veneer application, the specimens were subjected to shear bond testing. Surface roughness was analyzed by confocal microscopy. Y-TZP monoclinic and tetragonal phases were evaluated by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Shear bond strength and surface roughness data were analyzed by One-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Differences in the wave numbers and the broadening bands of the Raman spectra were compared among groups. Results. Z-POS (9.73±5.36 MPa) and Z-PRE (7.94±2.52 MPa) showed the highest bond strength, significantly higher than that of Z-CTR (5.54±2.14 MPa). The Ra of Z-PRE (1.59±0.23 µm) was much greater and significantly different from that of Z-CTR (0.29±0.05 µm) and Z-POS (0.77±0.13 µm). All groups showed bands typical of the tetragonal (T) and monoclinic (M) phases. Y-TZP sandblasting before sintering resulted in rougher surfaces but did not increase the shear bond strength compared to post-sintering and increased surface defects. Conclusions. Surface treatment with Al3O2, regardless of the moment and application, improves the results of Y-TZP/veneer bonding and is not a specific cause of t→m transformation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Yttrium , Zirconium , Shear Strength/physiology , Surface Properties , Materials Testing
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(6): 675-680, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828062

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the temperature variation inside the pulp chamber during light-activation of the adhesive and resin composite layers with different light sources. Cavities measuring 8x10 mm were prepared on the buccal surface of bovine incisors, leaving a remaining dentin thickness of 1 mm. Specimens were placed in a 37±1 °C water bath to standardize the temperature. The temperature in the pulp chamber was measured every 10 s during 40 s of light activation of the adhesive system (SBMP-3M/ESPE) and in the three consecutive 1-mm-thick layers of resin composite (Z250-3M/ESPE). Three light source devices were evaluated: Elipar 2500 (QTH), LD Max (LED low irradiance) and VALO (LED high irradiance). The results were submitted to one-way ANOVA with repeated measures and Tukey's test, both with p<0.001. The exothermic reaction warming was observed in the Z250 increments, but not in the SBMP. The high irradiance LED showed a higher temperature average (42.7±1.56 °C), followed by the quartz-tungsten-halogen light (40.6±0.67 °C) and the lower irradiance LED (37.8±0.12 °C). Higher temperature increases were observed with the adhesive and the first resin composite increment light-activation, regardless of the employed light source. From the second increment of Z250, the restorative material acted as a dispersive structure of heat, reducing temperature increases. Regardless the light source and restorative step, the temperature increased with the irradiation time. It may be concluded that the light source, irradiation time and resin composite thickness interfered in the temperature variation inside the pulp chamber.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo in vitro foi avaliar a variação de temperatura dentro da câmara pulpar durante a fotoativação de um sistema adesivo e de camadas de resina composta com diferentes fontes de luz. Cavidades com dimensões de 8x10 mm foram preparadas na superfície vestibular de incisivos bovinos deixando uma espessura de dentina remanescente de 1 mm. Os espécimes foram inseridos em uma cuba térmica com água à temperatura de 37±1 °C. A temperatura no interior da câmara foi medida a cada 10 s durante 40 s de ativação de luz do sistema adesivo (SBMP; 3M/ESPE) e três camadas de 1 mm de espessura consecutivas de resina composta (Z250; 3M/ESPE ). Três fonte de luz foram avaliadas: Elipar 2500 (QTH), LD Max (LED de baixa densidade de potência), VALO (LED alta densidade de potência). Os resultados foram submetidos a ANOVA de medidas repetidas a um critério e teste de Tukey (ambos com p<0,01). O aquecimento da reação exotérmica foi observado nos incrementos de resina composta, mas não no sistema adesivo. O LED de alta densidade de potência mostrou uma média de temperatura mais elevada (42,7±1,56 °C) seguido pela luz halogéna (40,6±0,67 °C) e o LED de menor densidade de potência (37,8±0,12 °C). Maiores aumentos de temperatura foram observados na fotoativação do sistema adesivo e do primeiro incremento de resina composta, independente da fonte de luz utilizada. A partir do segundo incremento de resina composta, o material restaurador agiu como estrutura dispersiva de calor, reduzindo o aumento de temperatura. Independente da fonte de luz e da etapa restauradora, a temperatura aumentou com o tempo de irradiação. Pode-se concluir que a fonte de luz, o tempo de irradiação, a espessura resina composta interferiram na variação de temperatura no interior da câmara pulpar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Pulp Cavity , Light , Composite Resins , In Vitro Techniques , Temperature
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(5): 537-542, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828028

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of enamel and dentin surface treatment on the micro-shear bond strength of self-adhesive cement. Seventy-two extracted third molars had their crowns embedded in acrylic resin and worn to obtain a flat enamel or dentin surface. The enamel and dentin specimens were randomly assigned to 8 groups (n=12) that were based on surface treatment (11.5% polyacrylic acid solution or no treatment), substrate condition (wet or dry) and storage period (1 day or 90 days), and treated accordingly. Cylinders (1 × 1 mm) were fabricated using self-adhesive resin cement (RelyX U200) following the manufacturer's instructions. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 °C for either 1 day or 90 days and subjected to micro-shear bond strength test (EMIC DL 2000 at 0.5 mm/min). After this, the failure type of the specimens was determined. Data were subjected to statistical analysis (a=0.05). According to the results, the 11.5% polyacrylic acid application decreased the bond strength in both enamel and dentin samples. The moist groups showed higher bond strength than the dry ones, regardless of the substrate and surface treatment. Storage period did not influence bond strength. In conclusion, surface treatment with 11.5% polyacrylic acid and absence of moisture decreased the bond strength of the resin-cement (RelyU200), regardless of the storage period.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o efeito de tratamentos de superfície em esmalte e dentina na resistência de união (RU) de um cimento auto-adesivo. As coroas de setenta e dois terceiros-molares foram incluídas em resina acrílica e desgastadas para obtenção de áreas planas em esmalte e dentina. Os espécimes de esmalte e dentina foram aleatoriamente distribuídos em 8 grupos (n=12) de acordo com: tratamento de superfície (sem tratamento ou aplicação de solução de ácido poliacrílico a 11,5%), condição do substrato (seco ou úmido) e período de armazenamento (1 dia ou 90 dias). Após, cilindros (1 x 1 mm) foram confeccionados na superfície dos espécimes utilizando cimento resinoso auto-adesivo (Rely X U200) segundo as instruções do fabricante. Os espécimes foram armazenados em água destilada a 37 oC por 1 dia ou 90 dias e submetidos ao ensaio mecânico de microcisalhamento (EMIC DL 2000 a 0,5 mm/min). O tipo de falha de cada espécime foi determinado após ensaio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística (a=0,05). De acordo com os resultados, a aplicação de ácido poliacrílico a 11,5% diminuiu a RU em ambos substratos, esmalte e dentina. Os grupos mantidos úmidos mostraram maiores valores de RU do que os secos, independentemente do substrato ou tratamento de superfície. O período de armazenamento não influenciou nos valores de RU. Concluiu-se que o tratamento de superfície com ácido poliacrílico a 11,5% e a ausência de umidade no substrato diminuíram os valores de RU para o cimento resinoso auto-adesivo, independentemente do período de armazenamento.


Subject(s)
Dental Enamel , Dentin , Resin Cements/chemistry , Surface Properties
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 15(2): 144-150, Apr.-June 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-848251

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effect of different activation protocols on the polymerization of a self-adhesive dual cured resin-based cement. Methods: Thirty disc-shaped specimens were prepared with the resin cement RelyX U200 (3M ESPE) and divided according to three protocols: immediate light-activation for 40 s, delayed light-activation (10 min after manipulation, for 40 s) or self-curing without light-activation. The specimens were desiccated, kept in water at 37 °C for 7 days and desiccated again to calculate water sorption, solubility and mass variation. Data were analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk Test and Wilcoxon tests (α=0.05). Images after the specimens' final desiccation were also made. Results: The Wilcoxon test revealed a significant difference for sorption and mass variation (p<0.05) and the highest value was observed in self-curing or chemical activation group (CA), followed by delayed light-activation (DL) and immediate light-activation (IL). Besides the water sorption parameters, there were also microvoids on the discs from the delayed and no light-activation groups. Conclusions: The light-activation immediately after manipulation is recommended for the evaluated resin cement (Au)


Subject(s)
Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Polymerization , Guidelines as Topic/methods , Resin Cements/analysis , Self-Curing of Dental Resins , Solubility
12.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 13(1): 60-66, Jan.-Mar. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842409

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Fractures of the anterior teeth consists of a clinical condition that generates not only aesthetic and psychological problems, but may also cause dental pain. Thus, the affected teeth should be treated as urgencies in dental offices and their resolution whenever possible should be in a single session. Direct resin composite restorations should wherever possible be preferred due to the speed and possibility of obtaining good results. Objective: The objective of this case report is to describe the clinical sequence for restoration of a maxillary central incisor that presented a crown fracture using an immediate insert technique for resin composite (a "free hand" technique) with a modification to obtain dentin layer. Case report: A patient sought treatment after she fractured tooth #21. The restoration was performed with resin composite using the immediate technique. To facilitate the layering technique, the immediate insertion technique was changed for making the dentin lobes with the aid of a Teflon tape and the support with the index finger. Conclusion: The restoration of fractured anterior teeth can be performed quickly with the use of resin composites of different opacities and the use of the technique of immediate insertion proposed in this case report.

13.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(6): 642-647, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769564

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) application during the bonding protocol on microshear bond strength of two adhesive systems, after storage in different media. Seventy-two human molars had their crowns cut in half and embedded in PVC cylinders with acrylic resin. The specimens were randomly divided into experimental groups (n=12) according to the adhesive system (Ambar and Single Bond 2), use of CHX in the bonding protocol, and time interval (24 h and 15 days) in the storage media (distilled water, mineral oil and 1% sodium hypochlorite - NaOCl). Adhesive systems were applied in accordance to manufacturers' recommendations, with or without the use of CHX, and resin composite (Z350 XT) cylinders were placed on the hybridized dentin. After photoactivation, the specimens were stored in distilled water, mineral oil and 1% NaOCl for 24 h and 15 days. Microshear bond strength was determined at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until fracture. The bond strength data were analyzed statistically by 4-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Use of CHX in the bonding protocol did not cause loss of bond strength in any of the evaluated situations, irrespective of time and storage medium. The storage medium had no influence on bond strength values after 15 days when the bond protocol without CHX application was used. However, the use of CHX in the protocol influenced negatively the bond strength values for Single Bond 2 after 15 days storage in distilled water and 1% NaOCl.


Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união (RU) ao microcisalhamento de dois sistemas adesivos após armazenagem em diferentes meios. Setenta e duas coroas de molares humanos foram cortadas e incluídas em cilindros de PVC. Os espécimes foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nos grupos (n=12), segundo o sistema adesivo (Ambar e Single Bond 2), uso ou não de CHX e o tempo (24 h e 15 dias) e meio de armazenamento (água destilada, óleo mineral e hipoclorito de sódio 1% - NaOCl). Os sistemas adesivos foram aplicados de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante, com e sem o uso de CHX, e cilindros de resina composta (Z350 XT) foram colocados sobre a dentina já hibridizada. Após a fotoativação, os espécimes foram armazenados em um dos três meios (água destilada, óleo mineral e NaOCl a 1%) a 37 ºC por 24 h e 15 dias. RU foi determinada pelo ensaio de microcisalhamento, com velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA a quatro fatores e teste de Tukey (α=5%). O uso da CHX não provocou perda de RU em nenhuma das situações avaliadas, independentemente do tempo e meio de armazenamento. Não houve influência do meio de armazenamento na RU após 15 dias quando foi utilizado o protocolo adesivo sem a aplicação de CHX. Porém, a utilização de CHX influenciou negativamente os valores de RU para o Single Bond 2 após 15 dias de armazenamento em água destilada e NaOCl a 1%.


Subject(s)
Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Dental Cements , Dentin
14.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 12(4): 368-376, Oct.-Dec. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842393

ABSTRACT

Introduction:Patients with severe parafunctional habits can have a reduction of their occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) and may create complex cases of oral rehabilitation, in which the patient may develop occlusal, masticatory and psychological problems. Objective: To report a clinical case of restoration of masticatory function and aesthetics from the production of tooth/implant-supported prostheses with conservative preparations, reestablishing the OVD and occlusal stability.Case report: Patient MVN, 55 years old, wheelchair user, presenting bruxism with a history of gastric reflux due to hiatal hernia, attended the clinic at the University complaining of dental sensitivity, difficulty in chewing and aesthetic smile commitment. At clinical examination it was found widespread wear of teeth. Radiographic examination showed good periodontal health and dental implants in good condition of osseointegration. The OVD was established from the VDR and confirmed by the metric method. The initial casts were positioned on the articulator for diagnostic waxing. From the waxing it was possible to make provisional fixed tooth/implant-supported prostheses. In the lower arch, the prosthesis was screwed on the implants #35, #37, #46, and #47, with the remaining teeth working as an auxiliary support, while in the upper arch two interim prosthesis were made, one for the elements #16 and #17 (tooth-supported) and one for the elements #13, #12, #11, #21, #22, #23, #24 (tooth/implant-supported). Thus, the OVD and the aesthetics lost by bruxism abrasion were restored. Conclusion:This case demonstrates the importance of the provisional prostheses for aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of patients with severe worn dentition.

15.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(5): 474-477, Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767632

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of silanization protocols on the bond strength of two resin cements to a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic. Thirty-two ceramic discs were assigned to 2 groups (n=16): G1 - dual-cured resin cement and G2 - light-cured resin cement. Four subgroups were evaluated according to the used silanization protocol. The glass-ceramic was etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 s and silane was applied for 1 min, as follows: CTL - according to the manufacturer's instructions; HA - dried with hot air; NWA - washed and dried with water and air at room temperature; HWA - washed and dried with hot water and hot air. Thereafter, adhesive was applied and light-cured for 20 s. Silicon molds were used to prepare resin cement cylinders (1x1 mm) on the ceramic surface. The specimens were stored in deionized water at 37 °C for 48 h and subjected to a micro-shear test. The data were submitted to statistical analysis (?#61537;=0.05). Group G1 showed higher bond strengths than G2, except for the CTL and NWA subgroups. Differences as function of the silanization protocol were only observed in G1: HWA (25.13±6.83)≥HA (22.95±7.78)≥CTL(17.44±7.24) ≥NWA(14.63±8.76). For G2 there was no difference among the subgroups. In conclusion, the silanization protocol affected the resin cement/ceramic bond strengths, depending on the material. Washing/drying with hot water and/or hot air increased only the bond strength of the dual-cured resin cement.


Resumo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o efeito da técnica de silanização na resistência de união de cimentos resinosos a uma vitrocerâmica. Trinta e dois discos de vitrocerâmica foram distribuídos em 2 grupos (n=16) (G1: cimento dual e G2: cimento fotoativado) e subdivididos em 4 grupos de acordo com a técnica de silanização. A vitrocerâmica foi condicionada com ácido fluorídrico a 10% por 20 s e o silano aplicado por 1 min de acordo com os subgrupos: CTL: de acordo com as instruções do fabricante, HA: secagem do silano com ar quente, NWA: lavagem e secagem com água e ar a temperatura ambiente, HWA: lavagem e secagem com água e ar quente. Após, o sistema adesivo foi aplicado e polimerizado por 20 s, e cilindros (1 x 1 mm) foram confeccionados com os cimentos sobre a superfície da cerâmica. Os espécimes foram armazenados em água destilada por 48 h e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística (?#61537;=0,05). O grupo G1 apresentou maiores valores de resistência do que G2, exceto no subgrupo CTL e NWA. Houve diferença na técnica de silanização apenas para G1: HWA (25,13±6,83)≥ HA (22,95±7,78)≥ CTL (17,44±7,24)≥ NWA (14,63±8,76). Para G2 não houve diferença entre os subgrupos. Conclui-se que a técnica de silanização interferiu na resistência de união cimento/cerâmica dependendo do material utilizado. A lavagem e secagem com água e ar aquecidos promoveu maior valor de resistência apenas para o cimento dual.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Glass , Silanes/chemistry , Materials Testing , Surface Properties
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 14(3): 230-233, July-Sept. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-770530

ABSTRACT

Abstract The cementation of thin ceramic veneers employing fluid light-activated resin-based materials is a common procedure in the dental practice. Aim: To evaluate the influence of ceramic thickness and shade on the degree of conversion (DC) of a flowable light-activated material. Methods: flowable resin composite (Tetric N-Flow - shade A1) was light-activated through ceramic discs of two shades (IPS Classic - A1 and A3) in three thicknesses (0.5, 0.7 and 1.0 mm). For control, the resin composite was light-activated without ceramic interposition. DC was evaluated by FTIR (n=5). Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Dunnett's T3 test (α=0.05). Results: Statistically significant differences between groups were observed (p<0.001). Control group (without the interposition of ceramic) showed the highest mean for DC (71.9± 1.7). Considering the interposed ceramic disc groups, the highest DC values were obtained when 0.5 and 0.7 mm A1 ceramics were used (64.6±1.2 and 64.4 5.0, respectively) and the lowest DC values were obtained for 0.7 and 1 mm A3 ceramics (61.74±0.9 and 62.0±1.9, respectively). Conclusions: No flowable resin composite group with interposing ceramics reached a DC similar to the control group.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Polymerization
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(4): 436-441, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-759361

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective This study evaluated the effect of root canal disinfectants on the elimination of bacteria from the root canals, as well as their effect on glass-fiber posts bond strength.Material and Methods Fifty-three endodontically treated root canals had post spaces of 11 mm in length prepared and contaminated with E. faecalis. For CFU/ml analysis, eight teeth were contaminated for 1 h or 30 days (n=4). Teeth were decontaminated with 5% NaOCl, 2% CHX, or distilled water. As control, no decontamination was conducted. After decontamination, sterile paper points were used to collect samples, and CFU/ml were counted. For push-out, three groups were evaluated (n=15): irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl, 2% CHX, or sterile distilled water. A bonding agent was applied to root canal dentin, and a glass-fiber post was cemented with a dual-cured cement. After 24 h, 1-mm-thick slices of the middle portion of root canals were obtained and submitted to the push-out evaluation. Three specimens of each group were evaluated in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Dunnett’s T3 test (α=0.05).Results The number of CFU/ml increased from 1 h to 30 days of contamination in control and sterile distilled water groups. Decontamination with NaOCl was effective only when teeth were contaminated for 1 h. CHX was effective at both contamination times. NaOCl did not influence the bond strength (p>0.05). Higher values were observed with CHX (p<0.05). SEM showed formation of resin tags in all groups.Conclusion CHX showed better results for the irrigation of contaminated root canals both in reducing the bacterial contamination and in improving the glass-fiber post bonding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Glass/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Adhesiveness/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Colony Count, Microbial , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/microbiology , Disinfectants/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Shear Strength , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Time Factors
18.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 12(2): 185-190, Apr.-Jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792042

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The chemical injury caused to the pulp by the penetration of the whitening gel is already known, but another possible cause may be the heat generated by the irradiation of the whitening gel with light sources to accelerate the whitening reaction. Objective: To evaluate in vitro the temperature increasing in the pulp chamber during in-office bleaching with different gel concentrations and light sources. Material and methods: A maxillary human central incisor was used in the 6 groups evaluated. The specimen was sectioned 3 mm apical to the cementoenamel junction. The root canal and pulp chamber were cleaned and widened with a diamond bur to receive the sensor of a thermocouple thermometer. The following hydrogen peroxide gel concentrations were evaluated: 35%, 25%, 15%, and 10%; and the following light sources were applied: blue hybrid LED/laser and violet hybrid LED/laser. The specimen bleaching was repeated 6 times per group. As a control, the temperature was measured with the application of light, without applying any gel. Results were evaluated with one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). Results: Significant differences between groups were observed (p < 0.05). The blue LED without the gel induced the smallest heat (37.5 ± 0.2) and the blue LED with 15% gel caused the highest heat (38.2 ± 0.3). The combination of violet LED with the 10% gel caused no significant increase in temperature compared to the control in which light was used without gel (p> 0.05). Conclusion: No increase in pulp chamber temperature was higher than 2°C.

19.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 12(2): 196-201, Apr.-Jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792044

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The silorane-based resin appears aiming to minimize the effects of polymerization shrinkage, but other properties must be studied. Objective: To evaluate the polymerization depth of two composites with different organic matrix. Material and methods: 80 cylindrical specimens were prepared using a metallic matrix, with three layers (top, middle and bottom), 1 mm high and 5 mm in diameter. The specimens were divided into eight groups (n = 10) according to the composite resins: Filtek P90 (3M/ESPE); Filtek Z250 (3M/ESPE), light-cured with a LED device with different irradiance and times (600mW/cm2 x 40s, 1000mW/cm2 x 40s, 1000mW/cm2 x 20s; 1400mW/cm2 x 20s). The irradiance was controlled by placing plastic rings coupled to the device's tip. Immediately after polymerization, the specimens' layers were separated and five Knoop microhardness readings (initial hardness) were performed on each one of the four layers (0, 1, 2, and 3 mm). After 7 day storage in water at 37ºC, new readings were performed (final microhardness). The data were analyzed by four-way ANOVA (resin, energy density, depth and time) and Tukey test (α = 0.05). Results: The microhardness decreased with the depth increasing both in the initial and 7 day readings. The hardness increased with the highest power densities. The resin P90 had lower hardness values. Conclusion: The silorane-based resin showed Knoop microhardness values significant smaller than those of methacrylate-based resin in almost all evaluated parameters. However, both presented similar behaviors in relation to the curing depth.

20.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 12(1): 61-67, Jan.-Mar. 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782786

ABSTRACT

Introduction:Stone casts are used in dentistry to allow the confection of indirect restorations. Thus, gypsum dimensional stability is fundamental in order to achieve a precise fit between dental structure and restorative material.Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the hygroscopic linear expansion of commercially available gypsum products. Material and methods: Fifteen dental stones were analyzed (4 type II, 5 type III, 4 type IV and 2 type V), with n = 5. One hundred grams of each gypsum product were mixed following the respective manufacturers' recommendations for powder/water ratio and poured into a V-shape mold, connected to an expansion-measuring device. The hygroscopic expansion was evaluated during 120 min and the collected data was converted into percentage and compared to initial dimensions of the specimen. Results: All type II and V dental stones showed expansion values compatible to the ADA and ISO recommendations. Considering type III stones, only Rutenium 3 was compatible with the recommendations. For type IV, only Durone IV showed expansion values higher than that recommended by ADA, but lower than that of ISO recommendations.Conclusion: The hygroscopic linear expansion of gypsum products should be periodically controlled in order to ensure their precision and reliability to dental practice.

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