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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mRNA level of cell proliferation-related genes Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs), umbilical cord mensenchymals (UC-MSCs) and dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs).@*METHODS@#The morphology of various passages of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs were observed by microscopy. Proliferation and promoting ability of the three cell lines were detected with the MTT method. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3.@*RESULTS@#The morphology of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs was different from that of PA-MSCs. Proliferation ability and promoting ability of the PA-MSCs was superior to that of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs. In PA-MSCs, expression level of Twist1 and TGF-β3 was the highest and FGF2 was the lowest. SIRT1 was highly expressed in UC-MSCs. With the cell subcultured, different expression levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3 was observed in PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Up-regulated expression of the Twist1, SIRT1 and TGF-β3 genes can promote proliferation of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs, whilst TGF-β3 may inhibit these. The regulatory effect of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 genes on PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs are different.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/cytology , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Placenta/cytology , Pregnancy , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/genetics , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Umbilical Cord/cytology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692829

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the stereotactic hematoma drainage and conservative therapy in the treatment of a small amount of bleeding in patients with hypertensive cerebral,and analyze its effects on serum matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP-9),tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) effect.Methods 60 cases of patients with hypertensive cerebral small as the research object from January 2014 to 2016 10 in our hospital were bleeding,according to treatment methods are divided into operation group and non operation group,30 cases in each group,operation group by stereotactic hematoma drainage treatment,non operative group by con-servative therapy,changes of comparative analysis of the efficacy of the two groups and serum MMP-9,TNF-alpha.Results the operation of hematoma clearance time was (3.4 ± 0.9)d,which was significantly lower than the surgery group hematoma time (12.2 ± 2.5)d(P<0.05);surgery hospitalization time was (16.7 ± 4.5)d,which was significantly lower than the surgery group hospitalization time (23.6 ± 5.1)d(P<0.05). Before treatment,there was no significant difference in NIHSS score between the two groups (P>0.05).Af-ter 2 weeks and 1 months treatment,the NIHSS score of the operation group was significantly lower than that of the non operation group (P<0.05).Before treatment,the serum MMP-9 and TNF-alpha levels were not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05).1 month after treatment,the serum levels of MMP-9 and TNF-in the operation group were significantly lower than those in the non operation group (P<0.05). The complication rate of the operation group was 13.3%,which was lower than that of the non operation group,and the complication rate was 26.7% (P<0.05).Conclusion stereotactic hematoma drainage is supe-rior to conservative therapy in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.It can shorten the time of hospitalization,reduce complications,and reduce the levels of serum MMP-9 and TNF-alpha.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 340-7, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457256

ABSTRACT

Growth year is one of the important factors for the quality of Polygala tenufolia. In this study, primary metabolites and secondary metabolites were compared in 1, 2 and 3 years old P. tenufolia cultivated in Shaanxi Heyang. The samples were subjected to ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC)-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis, and the obtained data were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) and other statistical analysis methods. In addition, content and correlation of different metabolites were also calculated. The results showed no significance between main component contents in 2 year-old and 3 year-old P. Tenufolia, but 1 year-old was statistically different. The contents of primary metabolites, such as fructose, sucrose, and choline increased as time goes on, while glycine and raffinose decreased. The contents of secondary metabolites, such as onjisaponin Fg, polygalasaponin XXVIII, polygalasaponin XXXII increased, while polygalaxanthone III and parts of oligosaccharide multi-ester including tenuifoliose A, tenuifoliose C, tenuifoliose C2 and tenuifoliose H decreased with the extension of the growth years. Growth years has important impact on the quality of P. tenuifolia and the existing growing years of commodity P. tenuifolia have its scientific evidence. This study supplied a new method for the quality evaluation of Chinese medicinal materials.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1625-31, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505075

ABSTRACT

Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus and Hedysarum polybotrys belong to different genera, but have similar drug efficacy in traditional Chinese medicine theory, and H. polybotrys was used as the legal A. membranaceus var. mongholicus previously. In this study, similarities and differences between them were analyzed via their ITS/ITS2 fragments information. The ITS (internal transcribed spacer) regions were amplified using polymerase chain reaction and then sequenced in two-way. The alignment lengths of ITS regions were 616 bp, in which 508 loci were consistent, and 103 loci were different, accounting for 82.47% and 16.72% of the total ITS nucleotides in length, respectively. As genotype determines phenotype, 1HNMR-based metabolomic approach was further used to reveal the chemical similarities and differences between them. Thirty-four metabolites were identified in the 1H NMR spectra, and twenty-seven metabolites were the common components. Amino acids, carbohydrates and other primary metabolites were similar, while a large difference existed in the flavonoids and astragalosides. This study suggests that A. membranaceus var. mongholicus and H. polybotrys show similarities and differences from molecular and chemical perspectives, which has laid a foundation for elucidating the effective material basis of drug with similar efficacy and resources utilization.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457615

ABSTRACT

As an important kind of plant secondary metabolites and widely distributed in the plant kingdom, triter-penoid saponins have a variety of biological activities. The constitution and content of triterpenoid saponin are deter-mined by some key enzymes and their expressing level in triterpenoid saponins biosynthesis pathway. So, it is very important to illuminate the molecular mechanism of triterpenoid saponins biosynthetic pathway. In recent years, illu-mination of the entire biosynthetic pathway especially the confirmation and cloning of the key enzymes, such as squa-lene synthase, squalene epoxidase, cytochrome P450 monooxygenase and UDP-glycosyltransferase, had become one of the hot spots by many scholars. In this paper, the entire biosynthetic pathway and some kinds of key enzymes in-volved in the synthesis of carbon skeleton, and its oxidation, and glycation were reviewed for further demonstrating the biosynthetic pathway of triterpenoid saponins and providing a theoretical basis for artificial biosynthesis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1595-601, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445438

ABSTRACT

To compare the differences between Hengshanhuangqi (HH) and Chuanhuangqi (CH) at molecular level, 1H NMR based plant metabolomics approach was used to reveal the chemical difference between HH and CH. Then, the contents of astragaloside IV and calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, the marker compounds specified in China Pharmacopoeia, were determined. In addition, the ITS2 fragments of HH and CH were sequenced. Twenty-three metabolites were identified in the 1H NMR spectrum, and the principal component analysis showed CH and HH could be separated clearly. HH contained more aspartic acid, GABA, citric acid, astragaloside IV and calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, while CH contained more threonine, alanine, acetic acid, choline, arginine, fructose and sucrose. And the astragaloside IV is almost undetectable in CH. In addition, the ITS2 fragment sequences of HH and CH were different at eight bases. Thus, the HH and CH showed significant differences chemically and genetically.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 550-552, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427781

ABSTRACT

Rho/Rho-kinase signaling pathway is a ubiquitous one in eukaryotic cells and plays a part in various biologic behaviors.Studies showed that it was expressed in pancreatic acinar,ductal and endocrine cells,as well as related to the pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions.Moreover,the evidence showed that there was a close relationship the pathway and pancreatic cancer,pancreatitis,diabetes mellitus.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388299

ABSTRACT

Objective To study improvement of cognitive function impairment of vascular dementia rats induced by a permanent bilateral ligation of common carotid arteries (2VO) after administration of leptin in brain. Methods Hippocampal neurons was isolated and cultured from SD rats. At oxygen-glucose deprivation condition, protection role of leptin on hippocampal neurons was observed and expression of leptin receptor was detected. Animal model of rats was established by 2VO. Pre-treatment VaD model of leptin was established by administration leptin into hippocampus region. The Morris water test was performed to detect difference in the cognitive function between VaD group and control group. Neuron apoptosis in hippocampus tissue were determined with TUNEL. Results Leptin receptor expression could be seen in hippocampal neurons. After oxygen-glucose deprivation cultured for 12 h , plenty of apoptotic cells were seen in hippocampal neurons, apoptosis rat was up to (72.96 ± 6.25) % , while apoptosis rate was (46.33 ±7.85)% and (23.58 ±5.08)% in 1 ( μg and 5μg leptin treatment group,respectively. Compared leptin treatment group with control group,difference had a statistical significance(P<0.01). Compared with untreated VaD group, latency time was shorter and average velocity was increased in leptin-treat-ment VaD group. Neuron apoptosis in hippocampus tissue of leptin-treated group were different significantly from those of untreated group (P < 0.01). Conclusion Leptin could protect hippocampal neurons from apoptosis in vitro. Cognitive function impairment could be improved by administration of leptin into brain in VaD rats.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1106-1109, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391811

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of myofibroblasts expressing α-smooth muscle actin (a-SMA) in hyperplastic scar formation.Methods Expression of α-SMA in normal skin and scar was examined by means of immunohistochemistry.The contents of myofibroblasts were measured and com-pared with that of hydroxyproline through cell culture.The contents of precollagen (pc β) , transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and fibronectin in fibroblasts and myofibroblasts were assayed by ELISA.Results Vascular smooth muscle cells rather than other hypodermal cells expressed α-SMA in normal skin (P<0.01).The expression ofa-SMA was markedly increased up to 96.89% in hyperplastic scar tissues, with statistical difference compared with normal skin (P < 0.01).The contents of hydroxyproline (P <0.01) , pc (P <0.05) , TGF-β (P <0.01) and fibronectin (P <0.05) in myofibroblasts were significantly higher than those in fibroblasts.Conclusion Myofibroblasts play a key role in formation of hypertrophic scar.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315402

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of the different constitutions of plant hormone on the development of Anoectochilus roxburghii.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A. roxburghii were harvested after having been cultured for 60 days. An orthogonal design was used to study the effect of NAA and 6-BA on the leaf number, eustipe number, lateral branch number of the stem tip and stem section, and the height of the stem tips. All of the data were processed by SPSS.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>It is reported for the first time that NAA could make different development of A. roxburghii at low concentration ( < 1 mg L(-1)) and high concentration ( > 1 mg L(-1)). The optimum constitution of MS medium was NAA 0.5 mg L(-1) + 6-BA 1 mg L(-1) for the growth of the stem tip of A. roxburghii, and NAA 1 mg L(-1) + 6-BA 2 mg L(-1) for the differentiation of bud and the formation of lateral branch of the stem section. The different concentrations of NAA and 6-BA had different effects on the growth and differentiation of the stem tip and the stem section of A. roxburghii.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzyl Compounds , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Kinetin , Metabolism , Naphthaleneacetic Acids , Metabolism , Orchidaceae , Metabolism , Plant Growth Regulators , Metabolism , Purines , Software , Tissue Culture Techniques
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542523

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression changes of paxillin and focal adhesion kinase(FAK) in scar tissues at different periods.Methods The expressions of paxillin and FAK of scar tissue samples from 30 babies at age of 3-12 months were detected by means of immunohistochemistry.Results The expressions of paxillin and FAK in the scar tissues at the 3th and 6th months were increased more significantly than that in normal skin tissues.Whereas,there was no significant difference upon the expressions of paxillin and FAK in the scar tissues at the 12th week compared with normal skin tissues.Conclusion Focal adhesion varies with change of composition,structures and mechanical properties of extracellular matrix(ECM) and with different intracellular framework.Different signal transmissions of ECM,integrin and focal adhesion compound may result in different changes of cellular function.

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