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Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2023 Mar; 67(1): 15-20
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223972


Objectives: Diabetic dyslipidaemia (DD) is characterised by hypertriglyceridaemia and elevated or normal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Statins and anti-diabetic medication are coprescribed for optimal control. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to compare the safety and efficacy of Saroglitazar 4-mg and Fenofibrate 200 mg in combination with low dose Atorvastatin (10 mg) in patients with DD. Run-in period of 4 weeks for life-style and diet modification followed by 12 weeks of treatment with saroglitazar or fenofibrate and low dose of atorvastatin was followed. Primary outcome of this study was an absolute change in serum triglyceride level at baseline and end of treatment period (12 weeks). Secondary outcome was changed from baseline lipid profile, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at the end of treatment period. Safety assessment was also done during the duration of study. Results: Forty patients of DD were randomly divided into two groups. One group received Saroglitazar 4 mg along with Atorvastatin 10 mg. Patients in second group received Fenofibrate 200 mg along with Atorvastatin 10 mg. Improvement in deranged lipid levels in both the groups was observed and this difference in improvement statistically was not found to be significant. We also observed that Saroglitazar significantly improves glycaemic profile by decreasing fasting blood sugar levels and HbA1c (P = 0.01, P < 0.01). Adverse events reported during this study were mild and none of the patients reported serious adverse events. Conclusion: Saroglitazar could be a potential drug to control both hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia in patients with DD.

Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143465


Since last few decades, occupational injuries have been a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people working in factories, especially those working with unprotected rotating machines. Women are specifically prone to such injuries because of their long unprotected hairs being trapped in moving parts of the machines. Long hairs can get entangled in moving machinery resulting in complete or partial avulsion of scalp. A large scalp avulsion injury may lead to severe bleeding and may cause trauma to forehead, eyebrows and per auricular tissue, which may further bring fatal results aesthetically and functionally. Severe deformities as a result of this trauma may lead to severe psychological trauma, disabling the patient to lead a normal social life. Here, we are presenting a case report of a patient who had an occupational injury causing scalp avulsion with cervical spine injury at gang saw machine.

Accidents, Occupational/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/mortality , Adult , Autopsy , Cause of Death , Cervical Vertebrae/injuries , Female , Humans , Man-Machine Systems , /epidemiology , Occupational Injuries/etiology , Occupational Injuries/mortality , Scalp/injuries
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-134841


Paraphimosis has been described by standard text books of forensic medicine as a cause of temporary impotence but present case suggests that it can be an evidence of sexual activity / intercourse also.

Adult , Coitus , Erectile Dysfunction , Female , Forensic Medicine , Humans , Paraphimosis/diagnosis
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-85605


Secondary diabetes mellitus is known to occur in acromegaly due to insulin resistance caused by growth hormone excess. However diabetes in acromegaly usually does not lead to ketosis. We describe here a case of acromegaly who presented in diabetes ketosis, which is unusual.

Acromegaly/complications , Adult , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Hyperglycemia/diagnosis , Insulin/therapeutic use , Male , Potassium/therapeutic use