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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941594

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate hypertriglyceridemia and hepatomegaly caused by Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus (FSS) and Schisandra chinensis Fructus (FSC) oils in mice. Methods: Mice were orally administered a single dose of Schisandrae Fructus oils. Serum and hepatic triglyceride (TG), triglyceride transfer protein (TTP), apolipoprotein B48 (Apo B48), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), alanine aminotransfease (ALT) and liver index were measured at 6-120 h post-dosing. Results: FSS and FSC oil caused time and dose-dependent increases in serum and hepatic TG levels, with maximum increases in the liver (by 297% and 340%) at 12 h post-dosing and serum (244% and 439%) at 24-h post-dosing, respectively. Schisandrae Fructus oil treatments also elevated the levels of serum TTP by 51% and 63%, Apo B48 by 152% and 425%, and VLDL by 67% and 38% in mice, respectively. FSS and FSC oil treatments also increased liver mass by 53% and 55% and HGF by 106% and 174%, but lowered serum ALT activity by 38% and 22%, respectively. Fenofibrate pre/ co-treatment attenuated the FSS and FSC oil-induced elevation in serum TG levels by 41% and 49% at 48 h post-dosing, respectively, but increased hepatic TG contents (by 38% and 33%, respectively) at 12 h post-dosing. Conclusions: Our findings provide evidence to support the establishment of a novel mouse model of hypertriglyceridemia by oral administration of FSS oil (mainly increasing endogenous TG) and FSC oil (mainly elevating exogenous TG).

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921634

ABSTRACT

The high shear wet granulation(HSWG) process of Chinese medicine has a complicated mechanism. There are many influencing factors that contribute to this process. In order to summarize the manufacturability of different kinds of materials in HSWG, this paper constructed a material library composed of 11 materials, including 4 Chinese medicine extracts and 7 pharmaceutical excipients. Each material was described by 22 physical parameters. Several binders were employed, and their density, viscosity and surface tension were characterized. Combining empirical constraints and the principle of randomization, 21 designed experiments and 8 verification experiments were arranged. The partial least squares(PLS) algorithm was used to establish a process model in prediction of the median granule size based on properties of raw materials and binders, and process parameters. The surface tension and density of binders, as well as the maximum pore saturation were identified as key variables. In the latent variable space of the HSWG process model, all materials could be divided into three categories, namely the Chinese medicine extracts, the diluents and the disintegrants. The granulation of Chinese medicine extracts required low viscosity and low amount of binder, and the resulted granule sizes were small. The diluent powders occupied a large physical space, and could be made into granules with different granule sizes by adjusting the properties of binders. The disintegrants tended to be made into large granules under the condition of aqueous binder. The combination use of material database and multivariate modeling method is conducive to innovate the knowledge discovery of the wet granulation process of Chinese medicine, and provides a basis for the formulation and process design based on material attributes.


Subject(s)
Drug Compounding , Excipients , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Particle Size , Powders , Tablets , Technology, Pharmaceutical
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942809

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of the total flavonoids from Saussurea involucrata on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-stimulated murine RAW264.7 macrophages and explore its underlying mechanism of action. Methods: Total flavonoids from Saussurea involucrata were extracted using chromatographic column method. Cell viability was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay. The production of nitric oxide was detected by Griess assay and the release of cytokines (IL-10 and TNF-α) and chemokines (MCP-1, MIP-1a, and CCL5/RANTES) was determined by ELISA to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of total flavonoids from Saussurea involucrata. Moreover, nuclear translocation of p65, c-Jun, and IRF3 was detected by immunofluorescence microscopy and Western blotting analysis was performed to determine the expression of related proteins. Results: Total flavonoids extracted from Saussurea involucrata were 751.5 mg/g and the content of rutin was 506.5 mg/g. The production of inflammatory mediators including nitric oxide, cytokines, and chemokines was effectively inhibited by total flavonoids from Saussurea involucrata. Meanwhile, total flavonoids also suppressed the nuclear translocation of p65, c-Jun, and IRF3 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The LPS-induced expression of iNOS and COX-2 was remarkably reduced by treatment with total flavonoids from Saussurea involucrata. Moreover, total flavonoids decreased the expression levels of p-IKKa/β, p-TBK1, p-p38, p-ERK, p-JNK, p-p65, p-c-Jun, and p-IRF3 in LPS-exposed RAW264.7 macrophages. Conclusions: Total flavonoids from Saussurea involucrata potentially inhibit the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators, which may be related to inhibition of p65, c-Jun, and IRF3 signaling pathways in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752804

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the abnormal expression of Notch signaling pathway members in pancreatic cancer and its important effect on the development of pancreatic carcinoma. Methods Affymetrix gene expres-sion microarray was used to screen the differentially expressed members of Notch signal pathway in 10 cases of pancreatic carcinoma and its adjacent tissues,and verified by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The lentivirus expression vector carrying the siRNA fragment of Jagged 2(JAG2)gene was transfected into the pancreatic cancer primary cells to construct the JAG2 gene re-pression-expressing pancreatic cancer cell line. MTT,flow cytometry and Transwell assays were used to analyze cell proliferation, changes of cell cycle and invasive transfer capabilities. Results A total of 512 differentially expressed genes were detected by Affy-metrix gene expression microarray,including 419 up-regulated genes and 93 down-regulated genes. JAG2( up-regulated expres-sion 8. 20 times),NOTCH1(up-regulated expression 3. 74 times),HES1(up-regulated expression 3. 27 times),and NOTCH2(up-regulated expression 3. 16 times)were differentially expressed in Notch signaling pathway. The results of PCR and Western blotting were consistent with those of gene chip. The growth curves of JAG2 gene repressed pancreatic cancer cells and pancreatic cancer pri-mary cells were drawn by the standard OD490 value of d1-d5 by MTT assay. JAG2 gene repressor expression vector could signifi-cantly inhibit the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells. The cell cycle analysis showed that the apoptosis and the arrested cell cycle at the S phase were significantly increased in pancreatic cancer cells with JAG2 gene repressor expression. The invasive ability was significantly reduced in JAG2 gene repressor expression pancreatic cancer cells(P<0. 05). Conclusion Some members of the Notch signaling pathway are significantly differentially expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues,and repression of this member can affect the growth,cell cycle,invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 85-90, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710934

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features and validation of Brighton criteria in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) patients from southern China.Methods The clinical data of hospitalized GBS patients from 69 hospitals of 14 provinces/cities in southern China,the area south of the Huaihe River,between 1 January 2013 and 30 September 2016,were collected and analyzed retrospectively,and patients were classified according to the Brighton criteria of case definition,ranging from a highest (defined as level one) to a lowest (level four) level of diagnostic certainty.Results A total of 1 358 GBS patients were collected,including 51 cases with cranial nerve variants,157 with Miler-Fisher syndrome and 1 150 with classic GBS characterized by flaccid weakness of limbs.Among 1 150 cases of classic GBS,49.57% (570/1 150) patients had antecedent events,with respiratory infection predominated (71.23%,406/570);83.74% (963/1 150) presented limb weakness at onset,99.21% (1 124/1 133) reached the peak within four weeks,with a score of 3.15 ± 1.16 for Hughes Disability Scale;99.56% (1 128/1 133)developed bilateral weakness and 95.39% (1 097/1 150) manifested flexia or hyporeflexia;the cerebrospinal fluid showed albuminocytologic dissociation in 80.58% (772/958) patients whose lumbar puncture was performed;demyelinating GBS accounted for 48.14% (401/833) and axonal subtype 18.01% (150/833) respectively in patients with findings of nerve conduction studies available.According to Brighton criteria,the patients were stratified as level one in 44.09% (507/1 150),level two in 45.74% (526/1 150),level three in 7.57% (87/1 150) and level four in 2.61% (30/1 150) of all the patients,and 69.55% (507/729),28.67% (209/729),0% (0/729) and 1.78% (13/729),respectively in the patients with complete data (n =729).Conclusions In southern China,demyelinating subtype of GBS is predominant,whereas the proportion of axonal subtype is remarkably lower than that in northern China.The Brighton criteria have a high sensitivity for the diagnosis of GBS in southern China,and examination of cerebrospinal fluid and electrodiagnostic studies are necessary for stratified diagnosis.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2655-2658, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616641

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy in bilateral lumbar foraminal stenosis (LFS) after treatment with bilateral facetectomy combined with pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion.Methods A total of 41 cases of patients with bilateral LFS underwent bilateral facetectomy combined with pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion from February 2010 to August 2013 in Department of Spine Surgery,the People's Hospital of Tianjin City,were retrospectively analysed.The clinical efficacy was assessed by Oswestry disability index (ODD questionnaire and visual analogue scale (VAS) before and after operation,anterior and posterior disc height and L1-S1 angle were measured as well.Then the ODI and VAS scores,and changes in anterior and posterior disc height and L1-S1 angle were calculated at the time of the last patient follow-up visit.Results All 41 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months,with an average of (26.2±2.4) months.Compared with preoperation,at the time of the last follow-up visit the back pain VAS score,leg pain VAS score and ODI were decreased,while the anterior and posterior disc height were increased,there were statistically significant differences (P<0.05).No statistically significant difference was found in L1-S1 angle between preoperation and postoperation (P>0.05).Conclusion The short-term clinical curative effect of posterior bilateral facetectomy combined with pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion in the treatment of bilateral LFS is satisfactory.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 355-9, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457258

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The design space of the high shear wet granulation process was established and validated within the framework of quality by design (QbD). The system of microcrystalline cellulose-de-ioned water was used in this study. The median granule size and bulk density of granules were identified as critical quality attributes. Plackeet-Burmann experimental design was used to screen these factors as follows: dry mixing time, the impeller and chopper speed of dry mixing, water amount, water addition time, wet massing time, the impeller and chopper speed of wet massing and drying time. And the optimization was implemented with the central composite experimental design based on screened critical process parameters. The design space of the high shear wet granulation process was established based on the quadratic polynomial regression model. Since the P-values of both models were less than 0.05 and values of lack of fit were more than 0.1, the relationship between critical quality attributes and critical process parameters could be well described by the two models. The reliability of design space, illustrated by overlay plot, was improved with the addition of 95% confidence interval. For those granules whose process parameters were in the design space, the granule size could be controlled within 250 to 355 μm, and the bulk density could be controlled within a range of 0.4 to 0.6 g x cm(-3). The robustness and flexibility of the high shear wet granulation process have been enhanced via the establishment of the design space based on the QbD concept.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 355-359, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251771

ABSTRACT

The design space of the high shear wet granulation process was established and validated within the framework of quality by design (QbD). The system of microcrystalline cellulose-de-ioned water was used in this study. The median granule size and bulk density of granules were identified as critical quality attributes. Plackeet-Burmann experimental design was used to screen these factors as follows: dry mixing time, the impeller and chopper speed of dry mixing, water amount, water addition time, wet massing time, the impeller and chopper speed of wet massing and drying time. And the optimization was implemented with the central composite experimental design based on screened critical process parameters. The design space of the high shear wet granulation process was established based on the quadratic polynomial regression model. Since the P-values of both models were less than 0.05 and values of lack of fit were more than 0.1, the relationship between critical quality attributes and critical process parameters could be well described by the two models. The reliability of design space, illustrated by overlay plot, was improved with the addition of 95% confidence interval. For those granules whose process parameters were in the design space, the granule size could be controlled within 250 to 355 μm, and the bulk density could be controlled within a range of 0.4 to 0.6 g x cm(-3). The robustness and flexibility of the high shear wet granulation process have been enhanced via the establishment of the design space based on the QbD concept.


Subject(s)
Cellulose , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Water
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461700

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to find out the correlation between chemical component contents and physical prop-erties of tanshinone extract powders. The contents of cryptotanshinone and tanshinone IIA from 50 batches of tanshi-none extract powders were determined by HPLC. And the physical properties were determined by classical methods. The correlation analysis between component contents and physical properties were also investigated. The results showed that two sets of variables had good intraclass correlation, especially for the contents of cryptotanshinone and tanshinone IIA, among D10, D50, D90, there were relatively strong correlation between the bulk density and tapped density, between the Hausner ratio and compressibility index. The angle of repose had a certain correlation with the uniformity, Hausner ratio and compressibility index, but with no strong correlation. The correlation coefficient be-tween two sets was below 0.400, suggesting there was a not so good inter-group correlation. After the canonical cor-relation analysis, three pairs of canonical variables had significant correlations with correlation coefficients being 0.851, 0.674 and 0.565, respectively. It was concluded that there was a good intraclass correlation for each of physi-cal and/or chemical quality set, but the correlation between the two sets was bad. Canonical variables performed bet-ter inter-group correlation compared with original variables, indicating there was a certain correlation between chem-ical and physical quality attributes of tanshinone extract powders.

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