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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the characteristics of Bletilla striata microspheres (BSMs) and its effects as an embolic agent in a rabbit model.@*METHODS@#BSMs were prepared with an emulsification-cool condensation-chemical cross-linking method. The characteristics of BSMs in vitro were observed. Embolization experiments were performed in renal artery of rabbit and in a rabbit liver VX2 carcinoma model. Seventy-two New Zealand rabbits were divided into 2 groups, and the right renal artery was embolized with BSMs (200 μm in diameter) in the experimental group and with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) of the same size in the control group. The pathological findings were examined with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson stainings. Liver and renal functions were tested before and after embolization. VX2 tumor was transplanted in 15 New Zealand rabbits, which were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=5). Group A were treated with saline, group B with a mixture of doxorubicin and lipiodol, and group C with hepatic arterial infusion of BSMs (200 μm in diameter). Tumor growth rate was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging scan. Apoptosis-related factors (bax, bcl-2) and tumor vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated through immunohistochemical staining.@*RESULTS@#The characteristics of BSMs in vitro were in full compliance with the requirements for use in interventional procedures. In the renal artery embolization experiment, after BSMs intervention, it was more difficult to form collateral circulation than that with PVAs, and the kidney manifested atrophy and calcification. There were no significant difference of liver and renal functions in rabbits between groups. In the liver VX2 carcinoma embolization experiment, compared with group A, the growth rate of VX2 liver tumor and Bcl-2 levels was reduced, while apoptosis index, Bax, and VEGF were increased in group B (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The characteristics of BSMs in vitro and in vivo meet the requirements for its use as an embolic agent in interventional approaches.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638102

ABSTRACT

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been reported to be effective for local control of different-sized hepatocellular carcinomas. However, it is unclear if these benefits could also be applicable to different-sized liver metastases from gastrointestinal cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of TACE combined with RFA for liver metastases from gastrointestinal cancers. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 19 consecutive patients who had a total of 26 liver metastatic lesions from gastrointestinal cancers and underwent RFA followed by first-time TACE treatment. The tumor recurrence, overall survival rate and procedure-related complications were evaluated. Moreover, patients' demographics and tumor characteristics were analyzed to determine their impact on the outcomes. The technical success of TACE plus RFA was achieved with 2 major procedure-related complications found. The mean follow-up was 21.3 months. The total 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rate was 89.4%, 52.6%, and 35.1%, respectively. It was found that the tumor size and the ratio of enhancement area were significant factors that influenced the overall survival. In conclusion, patients with gastrointestinal cancer-derived liver metastatic lesions of smaller size and larger enhancement area are considered appropriate candidates for TACE plus RFA.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285287

ABSTRACT

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been reported to be effective for local control of different-sized hepatocellular carcinomas. However, it is unclear if these benefits could also be applicable to different-sized liver metastases from gastrointestinal cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of TACE combined with RFA for liver metastases from gastrointestinal cancers. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 19 consecutive patients who had a total of 26 liver metastatic lesions from gastrointestinal cancers and underwent RFA followed by first-time TACE treatment. The tumor recurrence, overall survival rate and procedure-related complications were evaluated. Moreover, patients' demographics and tumor characteristics were analyzed to determine their impact on the outcomes. The technical success of TACE plus RFA was achieved with 2 major procedure-related complications found. The mean follow-up was 21.3 months. The total 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rate was 89.4%, 52.6%, and 35.1%, respectively. It was found that the tumor size and the ratio of enhancement area were significant factors that influenced the overall survival. In conclusion, patients with gastrointestinal cancer-derived liver metastatic lesions of smaller size and larger enhancement area are considered appropriate candidates for TACE plus RFA.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment , Survival Analysis
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 502-505, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326320

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant human adenovirus p53 gene therapy (rAd-p53) in the rabbit VX2 liver cancer model using different interventional therapy approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty New Zealand rabbits implanted with VX2 tumor in the liver were randomized into five groups with six of each. The tumor volumes (V1) were measured by MRI and CT scan 11 days after tumors implanted. The interventional therapy scheme performed as below: intraarterial 0.9% saline solution perfusion in group A, transcatheter arterial embolization with 0.5 ml ultrafluid lipiodol in group B, intraarterial rAd-p53 gene perfusion in group C (1 x 10(6)/VP); intraarterial rAd-p53 gene perfusion (1 x 10(6)/VP) in combination with transcatheter arterial embolization (ultrofluid lipiodol, 0.5 ml) in group D and intratumoral rAd-p53 gene (1 x 10(6)/VP) injection in group E. The tumor volumes (V2) were measured by MRI and CT scan, and the tumor growth ratios were calculated 14 days after interventional procedures. Then all animals were sacrificed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The tumor tissues were explanted for immunohistochemistry to observe the expressions of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and factor VIII. Microvessel density (MVD) of the tumor tissues was assessed by factor VIII immunohistochemical analysis. In addition, apoptotic index was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. The tumor volumes before therapy were (79.4+/-8.2), (75.3+/-7.8), (74.6+/-6.6), (78.7+/-9.1), (75.8+/-8.4) mm(3) respectively, without differences found among them (F = 12.248, P = 0.0636). But the tumor volumes after therapy were (564.7+/-96.7), (176.5+/-83.2), (239.6+/-42.8), (159.8+/-58.6), (334.7+/-32.6) mm(3) respectively (F = 24.537, P = 0.0218). The tumor growth ratios were 6.9, 2.6, 3.1, 1.6 and 4.1 respectively. The mean apoptosis index were 12.0%+/-1.1%, 14.5%+/-2.1%, 17.6%+/-2.3%, 18.6%+/-2.3% and 19.6%+/-2.5% respectively. with significant differences in group E in comparison with the other four groups. Mean positive ratio of VEGF was 50.0%, 83.3%, 83.3%, 50.0% and 50.0% respectively, with significant differences observed in group B and group C compared with the other three groups (F = 7.84, P = 0.019). The differences of VIII factor positive expression ratio among each group were significant (F = 0.854, P = 0.018). Statistical analysis showed a positive correlation between the expression of VEGF and MVD (r = 2.400, P = 0.0233).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rAd-p53 has effective treatment outcomes in VX2 rabbit liver cancer, and intra-arterial rAd-p53 gene perfusion in combination with transcatheter arterial embolization is the best approach in comparison with intra-arterial rAd-p53 gene perfusion, transcatheter arterial embolization and intratumoral rAd-p53 gene injection alone.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviruses, Human , Genetics , Animals , Genes, p53 , Genetic Therapy , Liver Neoplasms, Experimental , Pathology , Therapeutics , Rabbits , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 456-458, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260378

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize and compare the short-term and long-term clinical efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and percutaneous transhepatic biliary stent (PTBS) in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>210 cases of malignant obstructive jaundice underwent interventional therapy, of which 161 cases of drainage catheters placement and 49 cases of metallic stent implantation. Follow-up information was obtained through telephone review or check-up records.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The technical success rate of technique was 100%. At 3 - 5 days after treatment, the serum total bilirubin in 15 metallic stent-treated patients was decreased by (178.04 +/- 42.32) micromol/L, and direct bilirubin by (83.97 +/- 23.63) micromol/L. Compared with those of 28 cases treated with drainage catheters: (95.67 +/- 34.28) micromol/L and (49.84 +/- 28.21) micromol/L, there were statistically significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.017 and P = 0.035). At 6 - 9 days after treatment, the serum total bilirubin in 28 cases of metallic stent group was decreased by (188.22 +/- 79.90) micromol/L, and that in 126 cases of drainage catheter group decreased by (141.39 +/- 65.32) micromol/L. The difference was statistically significant (P = 0.014). But the decline value of direct bilirubin had no significant difference. The median patency period and the median survival time of the drainage catheter group were 60 and 148 days, respectively, those of metallic stent group were 197 days and 245 days. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results of this study indicate that the short-term and long-term efficacies of metallic stent implantation are better than those of catheter drainage technique.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bile Duct Neoplasms , Bilirubin , Blood , Drainage , Methods , Female , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Humans , Jaundice, Obstructive , Blood , Therapeutics , Liver Neoplasms , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Stents , Survival Rate
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 170-173, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285437

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To trace magnetically labeled MSCs transplanted into the rat livers by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Feridex and DAPI labeled rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were injected via portal veins into carbon tetrachloride treated rats. MRI was performed with a clinical 1.5 T MRI machine immediately before the MSCs injection and at h 1, d 3, d 7, and d 14 after the injection, and then the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was measured. MRI findings were compared with the liver histopathologies after the slides were stained with fluorescence dye and Prussian blue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The SNR for liver was 1.10+/-0.26 at hour 1, 8.18+/-1.55 at day 3, 11.08+/-1.30 at day 7, and 14.15+/-1.02 at day 14 respectively. Within 7 days after the MSCs transplantation, the SNRs of the livers were significantly lower than those before the transplantation (P less than 0.05). Histologically, the blue fluorescent particles under the fluorescence microscopy matched in distribution with the iron particles on the Prussian blue stained slides.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The magnetically labeled MSCs transplanted into livers give rise to an obvious signal decrease, and can be tracked with a 1.5 T clinical MRI machine for up to 7 days after MSCs transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Image Enhancement , Methods , Liver , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Radioactive Tracers , Rats , Rats, Wistar
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281273

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the usefulness of multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) in the post-operative assessment of cochlear implanted electrode.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-three cochlear implant recipients were enrolled in this study. All patients were examined with a SOMATOM Sensation 16-slice CT scanner (Siemens) using the following parameters: 120 kV, 100 mAs, 0. 75 mm collimation, 1 mm reconstruction slice thickness and increment, a pitch factor of 1, and a FOV of 100 mm. The axial images of interested ears were reconstructed with 0.1 mm increment and a FOV of 50 mm, and then volume rendering technique (VRT) reconstruction were done on the work station.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The electrode arrays were detected on axial CT images. Both inner ear and electrode array could be displayed on one image simultaneously. VRT provided an intuitionistic view of the relationship between electrode array and cochlea VRT showed the number of the electrode array in 20 patients implanted with Combi 40 + standard electrode array and demonstrated the shape, position, and insertion depth. The electrode array number determined by VRT was in accordance with the surgical findings in 18 patients, and was underestimated in two patients. In 3 patients with Combi 40 + compressed electrode array, only 4 to 5 electrodes arrays were clearly identified and others were not observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSCT with VRT can provide useful three-dimensional information of the electrode array and indicate the exact relationship between electrode array and cochlea.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Ear, Inner , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Tomography, Spiral Computed
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305387

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of X-ray and spiral computed tomography (SCT) in the diagnosis of Swyer-James syndrome (SJS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 28 patients, 12 males and 16 females, were studied retrospectively. Ages ranged from 11 to 57 years, the mean age was 32 years. All patients underwent inspiratory chest X-ray films, 5 with expiratory chest films and 1 with bronchogram. Furthermore, inspiratory and expiratory SCT scans were performed. The SCT findings were analyzed and compared with X-ray films.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SCT demonstrated 56 lobes with hyperlucency and diminished vascularity. The size of 51 lobes were smaller and 5 were normal. X-ray films showed that hyperlucency was only in 29 lobes, in which 19 lobes were small-sized and the other 10 lobes normal. There were 56 lobes with air-trapping on expiratory SCT scans, but only 5 lobes with air-trapping on expiratory X-ray films. Bronchogram in 1 case demonstrated bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans. SCT showed 24 patients with bronchiectasis, 9 patients with tuberculosis, 10 patients with bronchiolitis, and 2 with segmental collapse.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SCT scan is superior to chest radiography in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of SJS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bronchiectasis , Diagnostic Imaging , Bronchiolitis , Diagnostic Imaging , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Lung, Hyperlucent , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Diagnostic Imaging
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 742-746, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>At present, the therapy for patients with lung cancer that achieves a high rate of cure is surgical resection at an early stage of the disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate quantitative computed tomography (QCT) for predicting postoperative pulmonary function in patients with lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of thirty-one patients with lung cancer who underwent both pulmonary functional tests and QCT scan before operations were collected. A CT program was used to quantify the volume of whole lung parenchyma with attenuation of -910 HU to -600 HU, which was defined as total functional lung volume (TFLV). Similarly, the volume of lung (lobes or segments) with attenuation of -910 HU to -600 HU was defined as regional functional lung volume (RFLV). Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), FVC% and FEV1% (ratio to reference values of the matched population) were obtained from preoperational pulmonary functional tests. According to the formula: predicted FVC (pre-FVC) = preoperative FVC x [1-(RFLV/TFLV)]; predicted FEV1 (pre-FEV1) = preoperative FEV1 x [1-(RFLV/TFLV)], we obtained values of predicted FVC, predicted FEV1, predicted FVC% (pre-FVC/reference values of the matched population), and predicted FEV1% (pre-FEV1/reference values of the matched population). The paired t test and Pearson correlation test were used to assess significance of differences and correlations between CT predicted values and postoperative measured results of FVC, FEV1, FVC% and FEV1%.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>QCT predicted values correlated well with postoperative FVC, FEV1, FVC% and FEV1% (r = 0.873, 0.809, 0.849 and 0.801 respectively, all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>QCT is an effective and accurate way to predict postoperative pulmonary function in patients undergoing pulmonary resection, regardless of the patients' preoperative pulmonary functional status.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Respiratory Function Tests , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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