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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929129

ABSTRACT

Dental stem cells (DSCs), an important source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), can be easily obtained by minimally invasive procedures and have been used for the treatment of various diseases. Classic paradigm attributed the mechanism of their therapeutic action to direct cell differentiation after targeted migration, while contemporary insights into indirect paracrine effect opened new avenues for the mystery of their actual low engraftment and differentiation ability in vivo. As critical paracrine effectors, DSC-derived extracellular vesicles (DSC-EVs) are being increasingly linked to the positive effects of DSCs by an evolving body of in vivo studies. Carrying bioactive contents and presenting therapeutic potential in certain diseases, DSC-EVs have been introduced as promising treatments. Here, we systematically review the latest in vivo evidence that supports the therapeutic effects of DSC-EVs with mechanistic studies. In addition, current challenges and future directions for the clinical translation of DSC-EVs are also highlighted to call for more attentions to the (I) distinguishing features of DSC-EVs compared with other types of MSC-EVs, (II) heterogeneity among different subtypes of DSC-derived EVs, (III) action modes of DSC-EVs, (IV) standardization for eligible DSC-EVs and (V) safety guarantee for the clinical application of DSC-EVs. The present review would provide valuable insights into the emerging opportunities of DSC-EVs in future clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Extracellular Vesicles/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1369-1372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935015

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the accuracy of A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography measurement in clinical application by analyzing the ocular-related biometric parameters and refractive error and comparing with those of IOL Master 700 in cataract patients. METHODS: A prospective study. Clinical data were collected from 113 patients(122 eyes)who underwent phacoemulsification in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2020 to July 2021. The axial length(AL), anterior chamber depth(ACD), lens thickness(LT)and corneal curvature(Km)were measured respectively by IOL Master 700 and A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography measurement and the 3mo after the surgery of the refractive error was analyzed.RESULTS: There were differences in AL(24.09±1.65, 23.81±1.62mm), ACD(3.11±0.42, 2.97±0.43mm)and Km(44.12±1.59, 44.06±1.54D)measured by IOL Master 700 and A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography(P<0.05), while there was no difference in LT(4.34±0.46, 4.30±0.59mm)(P>0.05). The postoperative mean absolute refractive error(MAE)of intraocular lens(IOL)diopter calculation formulas with different measurement methods was significantly different(P<0.001). The Barrett Universal II formula MAE of the IOL Master 700 measuring instrument was different from the Holladay I, Haigis and SRK/T formulas(P<0.01), at the same time, compared with the A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography calculation formula SRK/T and Barrett Universal II formula, they were also different(P<0.01). However, there was no difference among the Holladay Ⅰ, Haigis, SRK/T formula MAE which come from the IOL Master 700 measuring instrument and the A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography calculation formula SRK/T formula(P>0.05). In addition, the Barrett Universal II formula of the IOL Master 700 measuring instrument has the smallest median absolute refractive error(MedAE)(0.260D), and the A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography calculation formula Barrett Universal II formula MedAE is the largest(0.765D).CONCLUSION: The values of AL, ACD and Km measured by A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography were smaller than those of IOL Master 700. When the SRK/T formula was used to calculate the IOL diopter, the results of the two group were similar. However, when using the Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula, the refractive error of the A-ultrasound combined with corneal topography group was large, resulting in hyperopia drift.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the modified application of orbicularis oculi muscle-levator aponeurosis composite tissue flap fixation technique (modified Park method) in double-eyelid surgery.Methods:From June 2019 to March 2021, 823 patients included 92 males and 731 females, aged from 18 to 45 years with mean (31.4±7.9) years, in which 142 patients with slightly ptosis were selected to receive the treatment in the Department of Plastic Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Nangjing University of TCM. The symmetry of bilateral double eyelids after operation was evaluated by the third party. The marginal reflex distance (MRD1) was measured before and 6 months after operation, and the difference between preoperative and postoperative MRD1 (ΔMRD1) was calculated. And the postoperative complications were counted. The patients were followed up from 6 to 12 months after surgery to evaluate the long-term results.Results:The patients were followed up for 4-22 months (mean 10 months) after operation. And the incisions of all the 823 cases had primary healling. Most patients had smooth upper eyelid crease, upturned lashes and dynamic fold. The skin tended to spread evenly without dimple. The symmetry evaluation by the third party showed that there were 764 patients with symmetry and basic symmetry after operation, the symmetry rate was 92.8%; 59 patients with asymmetry, the asymmetry rate was 7.2%. The data of MRD1 increased significantly 6 months after operation, from (3.25±0.72) mm to (3.64±0.61) mm, and the ΔMRD1 was (0.38±0.76) mm ( t=-20.41, P<0.05). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The double eyelid line became shallow in 8 cases and disappeared completely in 3 cases. The double eyelid curve of the patients was natural and smooth after the operation. And there was no obvious sunken scar and pretarsal fullness. Conclusions:The " modified Park technique" blepharoplasty can obtain a more firm, symmetrical and natural appearance. And the mild ptosis could be corrected by this method. The anatomical structure can be identified clearly, and the surgical results are highly repeatable. It is worth promoting.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features of transplanted renal artery stenosis after pediatric donor kidneys in children.Methods:We retrospectively summarized the clinical data in five cases of transplanted renal artery stenosis undergoing deceased pediatric donor kidney transplantation from May 1, 2014 to June 30, 2021.Donor/receptor characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were recorded.The median follow-up period was 29 months.The median age of five donors and recipients was 9 and 132 months respectively.En bloc renal allograft( n=2)and single kidney transplantation( n=3)were performed.End-to-side anastomosis was performed for renal arteries.The median diagnostic time of renal artery stenosis was 10(3-60)months post-transplantation.Except for one 3-year-old recipient with an earlier onset of stenosis, four stenotic cases during a rapid growth period had a maximal height increase of 30 cm post-transplantation.Three of them had a history of surgery at graft site, including previous kidney transplantation( n=1)and transplant urinary tract reconstruction( n=2). All five cases had hypertension and two showed an elevated serum level of creatinine.Ultrasound indicated a significantly elevated flow rate of >300 cm/s( n=4)and CTA/MRA indicated that the degrees of stenosis varied from 50% to 95%( n=5). Results:After balloon dilatation, stenosis either improved( n=2)or relapsed( n=2). Further stenting succeed( n=1)or failed( n=1). One case of stenosis was relieved partially after 6-month observation without any invasive treatment. Conclusions:As a serious complication, transplant renal artery stenosis is common after pediatric donor kidney transplantation.Too small size in donor kidney and rapid recipient growth may be specific risk factors.After diagnosis, balloon dilation is a preferred treatment.Stent placement should be cautiously employed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of three-dimension digital subtraction angiography (3D-DSA) in the diagnosis and treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS).Methods:A retrospective analysis was made on 171 patients with a tentative diagnosis of IVCS based on signs, symptoms, and finding of CTV or MRV, and iliac vein angiography. The diagnostic efficacy of MRV, 2D-DSA and 3D-DSA were analyzed. The imaging advantages of 3D-DSA in the diagnosis and treatment of IVCS were evaluated.Results:Ninty-three patients underwent MRV and 3D-DSA simultaneously, 101 patients had 2D-DSA and 3D-DSA simultaneously. 3D-DSA was taken as gold standard, the diagonotic sensitivity, specificity, Youden index of MRV was 75.61%, 72.73% and 0.48 respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, Youden index of 2D-DSA was 90.22%, 100% and 0.90 respectively. There are significant differences in the diagonotic sensitivity between MRV and 3D-DSA, 2D-DSA and 3D-DSA ( P<0.05). There is no significant difference in the diagonotic specificity between MRV and 3D-DSA, 2D-DSA and 3D-DSA ( P=1.000). In this study, we found that 3D-DSA has greater imaging evaluation advantages in preoperative evaluation, intraoperative guidance and immediate postoperative reexamination in the diagnosis and treatment of iliac vein disease. Conclusions:3D-DSA can improve the detection rate of IVCS, and has its advantage in imaging evaluation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy between drug-coated balloon (DCB) combined with bare metal stenting (BMS) and plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) with BMS placement in the treatment of femoral-popliteal TASC D lesions.Methods:According to the Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) D grade femoral-popliteal lesions as the standard, we enrolled 115 cases (120 limbs) receiving DCB combined with BMS (group DCB, 37 limbs in 36 cases) and POBA combined with BMS (group POBA, 83 limbs in 79 cases) from Jan 2017 to Mar 2020 to observe patency rate, freedom from clinical-drived target lesion reintervention rate (FCD-TLR) and complications.Results:The mean follow-up time was 18.1 months and the average occlusion length was (29.1±6.5)mm. In group DCB vs group POBA, the primary patency rates at 3-month, 9-month, 1-year and 2-year were 89.2% vs. 86.7%, 86.4% vs. 76.9%, 66.8% vs. 70.9% and 63.1% vs. 56.9%, respectively ( P=0.73); FCD-TLRs were 100.0% vs. 95.1%, 94.3% vs. 82.3% , 78.5% vs. 80.6% and 74.1% vs. 68.9% ( P=0.69), respectively. Conclusion:The benefit of DCB combined with BMS over POBA combined with BMS in improving the early primary patency rate and reducing FCD-TLR was not definite.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933455

ABSTRACT

A 43-year-old male patient with onset of edema caused by nephrotic proteinuria and low titer of anti-M type phospholipase-A 2-receptor (PLA 2R) antibody was diagnosed as idiopathic membranous nephropathy by renal biopsy. Administrated with prednisone 40 mg once a day and cyclosporine 100 mg twice a day as front-line regimen, the patient relapsed after transient partial remission. When treatment was combined with cyclophosphamide 100 mg once a day, the 24-hour total urine protein and titer of anti-PLA 2R antibody were even elevated. Therefore, the patient received rituximab 1 g intravenously in April 2019, October 2019 and October 2020 respectively. CD19 positive B lymphocytes in peripheral blood were eliminated from 71/μl to zero. Immunosuppressants and corticosteroids were withdrawn successively. On the last follow-up in November 2020, the anti-PLA 2R antibody was negative, and the 24-hour total urine protein and serum albumin was 4.4 g and 34 g/L, respectively. This case suggested the potential efficacy of rituximab for refractory membranous nephropathy. Further studies should explore whether the titer of anti-PLA 2R antibody indicates the dose of rituximab.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932802

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of different degrees of facet joint arthropathy on the indirect decompression effect of crenel lumbar interbody fusion (CLIF), and the clinical outcomes of CLIF for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with severe facet joint arthropathy (grade 3).Methods:This study reviewed a total of 269 surgical segments in 156 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated with CLIF technique from November 2016 to February 2020. According to preoperative CT images, the facet joint was graded according to Pathria classification. There are 19 segments with grade 0, 156 segments with grade 1, 67 segments with grade 2, and 27 segments with grade 3. Radiographic parameters included disc angle, anterior and posterior disc height, and bilateral intervertebral foramen height on CT, and the midsagittal canal diameter and axial central canal area. In 30 patients with at least one segment of grade 3, the clinical efficacy was assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI).Results:The average the anterior and posterior intervertebral space height, intervertebral space angle, height of bilateral intervertebral foramina, spinal canal sagittal diameter and spinal canal area were significantly improved after the operation of grade 3 facet joint degeneration segment compared to preoperation. The preoperative mean spinal canal sagittal diameter and spinal canal area of grade 3 facet joint degeneration segment were significantly less than grade 1 and grade 2. The average change of spinal canal area after grade 3 articular degeneration was significantly less than that of grade 1 and 2, but there was no significant difference with that of grade 0. The posterior decompression rate was 55.56% (15/27) for grade 3, 35.82% (24/67) for grade 2, 16.03% (25/156) for grade 1, and 21.05% (4/19) for grade 0. The posterior decompression rate of grade 3 articular process degeneration was significantly higher than that of other grades ( P<0.001). Severe lateral recess stenosis and 24.24% of severe intervertebral foraminal stenosis were found in 81.48% of grade 3 degenerative segment. The 23 patients were followed up with an average of 21.62±6.52 months, and the average improvement of ODI was 24.10%±11.09%; the average VAS for leg pain and back pain were improved significantly. Conclusion:The degrees of facet joint degeneration do not prevent intervertebral space distraction of CLIF. However, because segments with severe facet joint arthropathy were usually associated with severe spinal canal stenosis, CLIF had a high rate of second-stage posterior decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with severe facet joint arthropathy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and advantages and disadvantages of local anesthesia for TiRobot-assisted removal of sacroiliac screws by comparison with general anesthesia for TiRobot-assisted removal of sacroiliac screws.Methods:A retrospective study was performed in 39 patients with posterior pelvic ring fracture-dislocation who had undergone removal of percutaneous sacroiliac screws after fracture union from January 2017 to December 2020 at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital Affiliated to Chengdu University. Their sacroiliac screws were removed with TiRobot assistance under local anesthesia (LA group) or general anesthesia (GA group). In the LA group of 18 cases, there were 10 males and 8 females, aged (43.3 ± 8.4) years (from 25 to 58 years); in the GA group of 21 cases, there were 12 males and 9 females, aged (44.9 ± 9.0) years (from 23 to 60 years). The 2 groups were compared in terms of time for planning screw removal path, fluoroscopy frequency, fluoroscopy time, operation time, anesthesia time, anesthesia cost, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and postoperative ambulation time.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in baseline data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). Follow-ups revealed grade A wound healing in all patients. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in time for planning screw removal path, fluoroscopy frequency, fluoroscopy time or operation time ( P>0.05). The anesthesia time [(41.6 ± 8.3) min], anesthesia cost [(653.5 ± 102.6) yuan] and postoperative ambulation time [(2.6 ± 0.6) h] in the LA group were significantly less than those in the GA group [(52.3 ± 9.5) min, (2,475.6 ± 261.8) yuan and (8.7 ± 2.4) h] while the VAS score in the former group (3.8 ± 1.5) was significantly higher than that in the latter group (2.5 ± 1.3) (all P<0.05). Conclusions:It is feasible to use local anesthesia for TiRobot-assisted removal of sacroiliac screws. In TiRobot-assisted removal of sacroiliac screws, compared with general anesthesia, local anesthesia may lead to shorter anesthesia time, lower anesthesia cast and shorter ambulation time, but the patients need to be compliant enough.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 477-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932086

ABSTRACT

The incidence of spinal tuberculosis ranks the first place among the bone and joint tuberculosis, and surgery is an important method of therapy, which can shorten the course of spinal tuberculosis, reduce treatment time and disability rate, and improve the quality of life. One-stage posterior debridement, interbody fusion with instrumentation is a safe and effective surgical approach that conforms to the " minimally invasive" concept, and has gradually become the mainstream surgical method for the treatment of spinal tuberculosis. In addition, radical debridement is relative, and strong internal fixation can better correct deformities and increase the stability of the spine.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1195-1198, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929506

ABSTRACT

AIM: To measure the changes of ocular biological parameters before and after phacoemulsification, and compared the choice of intraocular lens(IOL)power calculation formulas based on the new optical biometric instrument IOL Master 700.METHODS: A prospective study. Clinical data were collected from 52 patients(57 eyes)with cataract at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January to June 2021. The axial length(AL), anterior chamber depth(ACD)and corneal curvature(Km)were measured and analyzed before and 3mo after phacoemulsification by IOL Master 700. The target refractive value reserved in the calculation of different IOL formulas and the actual refractive value of the automatic refractor 3mo after phacoemulsification were compared and statistically analyzed.RESULTS: The average values of AL measured before and after phacoemulsification were 24.20±1.86, 24.09±1.86mm, the postoperative AL shortened by 0.11mm, and the ACD values were 3.08±0.44, 4.55±0.36mm(P&#x003C;0.001), ACD deepened by 1.49mm after phacoemulsification. The Km values were 44.14±1.86, 44.14±1.82D(P&#x003E;0.05). The refractive error of the results measured by the Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula was the smallest before operation, followed by Holladay Ⅱ and the SRK/T formula, the Holladay Ⅰ formula had the largest error and the difference was statistically significant(P&#x003C;0.05). CONCLUSION: The AL was shortened and the ACD was deepened after phacoemulsification. A correction factor of 0.1mm is suggested to add when calculating the degree. The Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula has the best predictability in the IOL power calculation formulas, follow by Holladay Ⅱ and SRK/T formula.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929232

ABSTRACT

Natural products (NPs), especially those from traditional herbal medicines, can evidently modulate human gene expression at multiple levels, leading to a wide diversity of bioactivities. Although numerous bio-functions of NPs for human body have been found, there is little understanding about how NPs achieve it, as less attention was drawn to the definite mechnism by which NPs regulate gene expression. Furthermore, based on the rapidly advancing knowledge of mechanisms for gene regulation in recent years, newly-understood mechanisms, such as post-transcriptional regulation, are found to be involved in NP-elicited bio-effects, providing a new perspective on understanding the role of NPs in gene expression. Therefore, in the current review, we summarize the function of NPs in gene expression from the perspectives of transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational regulation, which will reinforce the understanding of NP-induced effects in gene expression and facilitate the exploration of more NPs with potential therapeutic effects.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 720-740, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939842

ABSTRACT

Enhancing remyelination after injury is of utmost importance for optimizing the recovery of nerve function. While the formation of myelin by Schwann cells (SCs) is critical for the function of the peripheral nervous system, the temporal dynamics and regulatory mechanisms that control the progress of the SC lineage through myelination require further elucidation. Here, using in vitro co-culture models, gene expression profiling of laser capture-microdissected SCs at various stages of myelination, and multilevel bioinformatic analysis, we demonstrated that SCs exhibit three distinct transcriptional characteristics during myelination: the immature, promyelinating, and myelinating states. We showed that suppressor interacting 3a (Sin3A) and 16 other transcription factors and chromatin regulators play important roles in the progress of myelination. Sin3A knockdown in the sciatic nerve or specifically in SCs reduced or delayed the myelination of regenerating axons in a rat crushed sciatic nerve model, while overexpression of Sin3A greatly promoted the remyelination of axons. Further, in vitro experiments revealed that Sin3A silencing inhibited SC migration and differentiation at the promyelination stage and promoted SC proliferation at the immature stage. In addition, SC differentiation and maturation may be regulated by the Sin3A/histone deacetylase2 (HDAC2) complex functionally cooperating with Sox10, as demonstrated by rescue assays. Together, these results complement the recent genome and proteome analyses of SCs during peripheral nerve myelin formation. The results also reveal a key role of Sin3A-dependent chromatin organization in promoting myelinogenic programs and SC differentiation to control peripheral myelination and repair. These findings may inform new treatments for enhancing remyelination and nerve regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axons , Chromatin/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Myelin Sheath/metabolism , Nerve Regeneration/physiology , Rats , Schwann Cells/metabolism , Sciatic Nerve/injuries
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the anatomical differences between discoid lateral meniscus(DLM) and normal lateral meniscus (NLM), this study aims to setting up the ultrasound examination parameters to distinguish DLM and NLM and explore the diagnostic value of these parameters on DLM.@*METHODS@#According to the inclusion, exclusion and matching criteria, 66 DLM patients(DLM group) and 132 NLM patients with other knee joint diseases(NLM group), hospitalized from October 2019 to June 2020, were included in this study. There were 18 males and 48 females in the DLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (36.9±12.1) years old;36 males and 96 females in the NLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (40.0±12.2) years old. Philips high frequency(3.0 to 12.0 MHz) linear array ultrasound probe was used to examine the lateral meniscus of all patients in two groups. Nine parameters including the thickness, width and the included angle of the anterior angle, body and posterior angle respectively in the lateral meniscus were measured. The included angke is formed by the chords of the upper and lower curved surfaces of the meniscus at the free edge. The independent t test was used to analyze the difference of the measured parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the cut-off value of each parameter for diagnosing DLM and the corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the ROC curve(AUC).@*RESULTS@#The above 9 ultrasound measurement parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group had significant statistical differences(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis method evaluated the cut-off value and diagnostic capabilities of these nine ultrasound parameters for DLM. The results showed that the cut-off value of the included angle of anterior part, body and posterior part were 25.85°, 24.85° and 29.15 °, respectively;and the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and AUC were significantly higher than other parameters, which were 88%, 91%, 79%, 95%, 0.94;89%, 94%, 82%, 97%, 0.96; 92%, 97%, 86%, 98%, 0.97, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound diagnosis of DLM is feasible and reliable. The diagnostic ability of the included angle of the anterior part, body and posterior part in the lateral meniscus measured by ultrasound to diagnose DLM are significantly better than other ultrasound measurement parameters, and the sensitivity and specificity of those parameters are close to MRI. Therefore, ultrasound can be used as a reliable method for preliminary diagnosis of DLM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Menisci, Tibial/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic debridement combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) gradeⅠ-Ⅲ knee osteoarthritis (KOA) .@*METHODS@#Totally 117 patients with KOA who underwent arthroscopic debridement combined with injection from November 2015 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different injection drugs, the patients were divided into sodium hyaluronate group(group A) and PRP group(group B). In group A, there were 60 patients, including 27 males and 33 females, aged from 49 to 67 years old with an average age of (54.1±4.8) years old;12 patients with gradeⅠ, 23 patients with gradeⅡand 25 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L clssification, 2 ml(20 g) sodium hyaluronate was injected into knee joint after intraoperative, 1, 2, 3 weeks after operation for 4 times. In group B, there were 57 patients, including 25 males and 32 females, aged from 47 to 70 years old with an average of (55.8±5.0) years old, 10 patients with gradeⅠ, 20 patients with gradeⅡand 27 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L classification, injected 5 ml PRP at the same time. Postoperative complications was recorded between two groups. Postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lysholm score at 3, 6, 12 months were used to evaluate improvement of knee pain and joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 19 months with an average of (14.1±1.6) months. There was no significant difference in postopertaive complications between group A and group B (P>0.05). Postoperative VAS score in group A at 3, 6, 12 months were 3.0±0.8, 2.0±0.8, 2.6±0.9 respectively, and 2.9±0.8, 1.9±0.7, 2.2±0.8 in group B respectively; and no differnece at 3 and 6 months after operation between two groups (P<0.05), while VAS score in group B was higher than group A at 12 months after operation(P<0.05). Postoperative Lysholm score in group A at 1, 6, 12 months (86.6±1.8, 93.1±2.0, 86.7±1.7) were lower than group B(88.9±1.9, 95.0±2.0, 89.0±1.9)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic debridement combined with sodium hyaluronate or PRP injection for K-L gradeⅠ-Ⅲ KOA could effectively relieve pain and improve joint function with higher safety in short term, but the medium-long-term effect of PRP injection is stable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Debridement , Female , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 303-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923574

ABSTRACT

In recent years, pediatric kidney transplantation has developed rapidly in China. However, clinical data related to the long-term survival of renal allografts are still lacking. The production of de novo donor specific antibody (dnDSA)and its mediated chronic rejection after adult kidney transplantation are pivotal risk factors affecting the long-term survival of renal allografts. Nevertheless, immune system in children has not fully developed. Hence, the production of dnDSA after kidney transplantation and its influence upon renal allografts and recipients might differ from those of adult. In this article, the characteristics of pediatric immune system, the production and influence of donor specific antibody (DSA) after pediatric kidney transplantation and the risk factors of the production of DSA after pediatric kidney transplantation were reviewed and certain suggestions were proposed for prevention strategies, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the long-term survival of renal allografts after pediatric kidney transplantation and promote the development of pediatric kidney transplantation in China.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1299-1303, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of forced-air warming blankets combined with conventional warming strategies on the quality of postoperative recovery and cognitive recovery in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer.Methods:This was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial.A total of 70 patients aged 65-75 years, who were classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA)grade-Ⅱ or Ⅲ, undergoing the laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer under general anesthesia, were enrolled.Patients were randomly divided into two groups: the forced-air warming group(group FAW, n=35)and the conventional warming group(group CW, n=35). The inadvertent perioperative hypothermia(IPH), postoperative shivering, postoperative agitation, anesthesia recovery time and other postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.The post-operative quality of recovery scale(PQRS)was used to evaluate the quality of postoperative recovery and the recovery of cognitive function before and 1, 3, and 7 days after operation.Results:As compared with the group CW, the group FAW showed that the incidences of IPH, postoperative shivering and agitation were decreased(5.7% vs.22.8%, 2.8% vs.28.6%, 5.7% vs.31.4%, χ2=4.200, 10.057 and 7.652, P=0.042, 0.003 and 0.006), and the satisfaction degree of patients was increased at 48 hours after operation( P<0.01). The postoperative wake-up time was prolonged in the group CW as compared with the group FAW( P<0.01). Compared with the group CW, the proportion of patients with excellent overall recovery quality was increased in the group FAW 1 day after surgery( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in general recovery quality and cognitive recovery between the two groups at 3 and 7 days after operation. Conclusions:For elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer, the forced-air warming blanket combined with conventional warming strategies is more helpful to decrease the incidence of IPH, reduce postoperative shivering and improve the overall recovery quality at 1 day after operation, but no significant effect on postoperative recovery of cognitive function is found.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of carotid artery plaque (CP) in the population undergoing health examinations and to assess the association between CP and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection.Methods:The subjects were 3066 patients who underwent carotid ultrasonography examination and 13C urea breath test (UBT) at the health examination center of China-Japan friendship hospital from January 2019 to December 2019. The subjects were divided into CP and non-CP groups; the differences of physicochemical parameters and UBT positive rate between the two groups were analyzed by independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-squared test. The association between UBT positive and CP was analyzed by logistic regression. Results:The proportion of CP positive subjects was significantly higher in males than in females (33.4% vs 19.5%, P<0.001); the proportion of Hp positive subjects was not significant in sex composition (29.1% vs 30.9%, P=0.245); the age [(59.39±10.24) vs (46.44±9.88) years], P<0.01), BMI [(25.44±3.23) vs (24.21±3.54) kg/m 2, P<0.01], SBP [(135.91±19.07) vs (123.03±16.66) mmHg, P<0.01], DBP [(79.64±11.47) vs (75.10±11.55) mmHg, P<0.01], TC [(4.96±0.98) vs (4.86±0.98) mmol/L, P=0.004], TG [1.43 (1.03, 2.06) vs 1.20 (0.82,1.88) mmol/L, P<0.001], LDL-c [(3.21±0.93) vs (3.04±0.83) mmol/L, P<0.01)], FBG [5.55 (5.11,6.47) vs 5.16 (4.83,5.56) mmol/L, P<0.001], UA [(339.13±79.92) vs (319.85±87.62) mmol/L, P<0.01] and Hcy [13.10 (11.30,15.60) vs 11.7 (10.00,13.90) mmol/L, P<0.001] were significantly higher in the CP group than that in the non-CP group; HDL-c was significantly lower in the CP group than in the non-CP group [1.12 (0.95,1.32) vs 1.20 (1.00,1.43) mmol/L, P<0.001]. The proportion of male (62.4% vs 44.6%, P<0.01), prevalence of tobacco smoking (31.9% vs 19.6%, P<0.01), hypertension (33.8% vs 12.5%, P<0.01), and diabetes (13.45% vs 3.5%, P<0.01) were significantly higher in the CP group than that in the non-CP group. The proportion of UBT positive subjects was significantly higher in the CP group than in the non-CP group (34.5% vs 28.4%, P=0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly positive association between CP and UBT positive after adjusted confounding factors ( OR=1.270, P=0.028). Conclusions:The formation of CP is related to many risk factors; Hp infection is also an important risk factor. Controlling Hp infections might be one of the effective methods for the prevention and control of carotid plaque formation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the optimal treatment modalities and prognostic factors of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck salivary gland.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2018, clinical data of 166 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck salivary gland who received postoperative radiotherapy at Department of Radiation Oncology of the Ninth People′s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate prognostic analysis was conducted by log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was carried out by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:Among 166 enrolled patients, 70 cases were male and 96 female with an average age of 53 years (18 to 71 years). The median follow-up time was 31.2 months (8.6-63.1 months). Sixty-six patients underwent radical surgery (extended resection across the anatomical areas outside the tumor bed, pursuing negative margins of various resections), and the remaining 100 patients underwent conservative surgery (only extended resection of lesions, not pursuing negative nerve resection margins). The median dose of postoperative radiotherapy was 66 Gy (54-70 Gy). Seventy-three patients were treated with TP regime due to positive or close margins and 9 cases of cervical lymph node metastasis. The 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 95% and 95%, 93% and 93%, 74% and 66%, 73% and 65%, respectively. Seven patients experienced primary lesion recurrence, 5 cases of regional lymph node recurrence and 38 cases of distant metastasis. T 3-T 4 stage, lymph nodes (+ ), stage IV, solid pathologic subtype, Ki-67≥10% and perineural invasion were associated with worse PFS and DMFS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only solid pathologic subtype was the independent prognostic factor of OS, LRRFS, PFS and DMFS. Conclusions:The local control rate of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma can be improved by postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with a recommended dose of ≥66 Gy. Solid pathologic subtype is the most important adverse prognostic factor.

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Organ Transplantation ; (6): 15-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862770

ABSTRACT

The Banff conference on allograft pathology (Banff conference) and the establishment of Banff classification on allograft pathology (Banff classification) are milestones in the development of international allograft pathology. At present, all organ transplantation centers around the world routinely perform pathological diagnosis by biopsy of the transplant kidney according to Banff classification. Subsequently, the consensus process and update mode of Banff classification for transplant kidney was quickly extended to transplant heart, lung, liver, pancreas, and small intestine, etc. The Banff conference has not only become a thematic meeting that includes the pathology study and discussion of various transplant organs, but also gradually developed unified diagnostic standard for the biopsy of each transplant organ, which better promoted the accurate diagnosis and treatment of complications after organ transplantation. This article summarized the history of international allograft pathology research, the Banff conference and Banff classification in promoting organ transplantation, which aimed to provide a reference for the smooth development of clinical organ transplantation.

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