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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1559-1563, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940023

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the correlation by analyzing and comparing the expression of inflammatory factors in peripheral blood of human leukocyte antigen-B27(HLA-B27)positive and negative uveitis patients.METHODS: All 76 patients first diagnosed with uveitis in our hospital from January 2020 to April 2022 were screened in this retrospective study. Nucleated cells were isolated from human venous blood, and HLA-B27 was detected by flow cytometry(direct immunofluorescence), the patients were divided into the HLA-B27-positive group(≥90%)in 35 cases and HLA-B27-negative group(≤5%)in 41 cases. The whole blood RNA was extracted. The mRNA expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), protease activated receptor 2(PAR2), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin enhancer-binding factor -3(ILF3)were detected and compared by RT-qPCR.RESULTS: The IL-1β, IL-10, PAR2 and TNF-α mRNA were observed no difference between the two groups of patients(all P>0.05). The IL-6 mRNA in the patients of HLA-B27-positive group was higher than in the HLA-B27-negative group, the ILF3 mRNA was lower than that in the negative group(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression level of IL-6 in peripheral blood was significantly increased and ILF3 was decreased in HLA-B27-positive group, which can be used as auxiliary indicators for diagnosis and treatment of HLA-B27-positive uveitis.

2.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1254-1258, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818178

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the variations and drug resistance of influenza A (H3N2) viruses in Jiangsu Province in 2017, and provide evidence for prevention and control strategies on influenza. Methods Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used for the sequencing of H3N2 subtype influenza strains. The influenza reference sequences were obtained from the global shared influenza site GISAID. The sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis were performed using MAGE7.0 software. Viral resistance was analyzed by a neuraminidase inhibition assay. Results The H3N2 subtype influenza isolates and vaccine strains belonged to the 3C.2a branch of the H3 subtype. Some of the strains showed amino acid mutations on the immune-related sites named N121K, T135K and N171K. The isolates were sensitive to the flu drugs oseltamivir and zanamivir. Conclusion The H3N2 epidemic strains in Jiangsu have genetic recombination within subtypes and are still sensitive to neuraminidase inhibitors. As the H3N2 influenza virus mutations continue, a close monitoring of the viral genetic evolution and the drug resistant genes should be guaranteed.

3.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 1072-1075, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779468

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore current situation of iodine deficiency disorders(IDD) and iodine nutrient level by analyzing monitoring data of IDD from children aged from 8 to 10 and pregnant women in Wuhai City in 2017,so as to provide basis for the prevention and control of IDD. Methods Our surveillance points were located in Haibowan District, Wuda District, Hainan District of Wuhai City. Samples of salt and human urine were collected from 200 children aged 8 to 10 and 100 pregnant women at random. Urine iodine concentration and salt iodine concentration were measured. Thyroid volume was determined by B-ultrasound. Results There were 10 children diagnosed as thyroid goiter. Children’s Goiter rate in this area was 1.67%.The averaged covering rate of eating iodine among children reached 99.56%, their acceptance rate of iodized salt was 12.7%. Median of salt-iodine was 21.7 mg/kg. Median of urinary iodine(MUI) for children was 204.5 μg/L. The percentage of children whose urinary iodine was less than 100 μg/L and 50 μg/L was 12.7% and 2.2%, respectively. Median of urinary iodine in boys was 224.0 μg/L, which was higher than in girls(191.5 μg/L), the difference was statistically significant(P=0.004). Median of urinary iodine in pregnant women was 145.8 μg/L. Pregnant women whose urine iodine below 150 μg/L accounted for 51.7%. The MUI in pregnant women during the first trimester was 115.5 μg/L. Pregnant women during the first trimester whose urine iodine below 150 μg/L accounted for 62.0%. Conclusions The iodine nutrition condition in children is basically normal, while iodine nutrition deficiency exist in pregnant women in this area. We should particularly enhance monitoring urinary iodine for pregnant women during the first trimester to reduce iodine deficiency.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 579-583, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743271

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neuroprotective mechanism of sevoflurane in rats resuscitated from cardiac arrest (CA).Methods A ventricular fibrillation-induced CA model was established.Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into the sham group,sevoflurane group and control group.Apoptosis-related proteins were measured by Western blot at 24 h after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).The status of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) were measured using a spectrophotometer,and the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were measured with JC-1 fluorescent probe.At 72 h after ROSC,the apoptotic index of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was counted by TUNEL staining.Results The protein expression of Bax,Bak,cleaved-caspase 9,cleavedcaspase 3 and cytosolic cytochrome c were lower in the sevoflurane group (all P<0.05),the protein expression of Bcl-2 was higher in the sevoflurane group compared with the control group (P<0.05).The sevoflurane group had a less opening status of MPTP and a higher MMP compared with the control group (all P<0.05).The sevoflurane group had less apoptotic neurons compared with the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion By up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2,down-regulating Bax and Bak,sevoflurane could reduce the apoptosis of neurons and decrease the opening of MPTP,eventually reduce cerebral injuries.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 25-29, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743214

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of myocardial injury and its underlying mechanism in rats resuscitated from cardiac arrest. Methods Forty-two male Wistar rats were randomly(random number) assigned into the post-resuscitation (PR) 4 h, PR 24 h, PR 48 h, and sham groups. Ventricular fibrillation was induced by transcutaneous electrical epicardium stimulation and untreated for 6 min, followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Myocardial function, glucose metabolism, myocardial ultrastructure, the status of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were evaluated at different time points. Results Myocardial dysfunction was found at 4 h after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The ejection fraction and cardiac output were decreased (all P<0.01), the diastole left ventricular posterior wall became thicker (P<0.01), and the end-diastolic volume was reduced (P<0.05). However, cardiac function was recovered almost completely at 48 h after ROSC. The PR 4 h group had a higher SUVmax, a more obvious decreased absorbance, and a lower MMP than the sham group (all P<0.01), but no statistically significant differences were noted between the PR 48 h group and the sham group (P>0.05). At 4 h and 24 h after ROSC, the mitochondria was swollen and the mitochondrial crista was sparse, but the myocardial ultrastructure was complete. Conclusions Post resuscitation myocardial dysfunction occurs after ROSC and the myocardial dysfunction is completely reversible at 48 h after ROSC, which may be related to the reversibility of myocardial injury and the gradual recovery of mitochondrial structure and function.

6.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 2065-2068, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To summarize and analyze the representative cases of large-scale mergers and acquisitions in the global pharmaceutical industry in order to form a reference for domestic pharmaceutical companies to use for reference in the scientific development of M&A strategy and transformation.METHODS: By reviewing relevant literature and information at home and abroad, and combining specific case studies, the status and trends of mergers and acquisitions in the global pharmaceutical industry in recent years were analyzed.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In recent years, the number of mergers and acquisitions cases in the global pharmaceutical industry is numerous, and the amount involved in mergers and acquisitions is relatively large. From 2013 to 2015, the number and amount of M&A transactions in global pharmaceutical companies are on the rise. In 2015, it became the year of mergers and acquisitions in the pharmaceutical industry. This shows that some pharmaceutical companies are facing patent expiration of their major profitable products. The new drug development process has encountered many difficulties and faced pressure to expand product lines, expand market share, and increase core competitiveness, further contributing to corporate mergers and reorganizations. From 2016 to 2017, the number and amount of M&A transactions declined, and M&A activities were different from the target audience, M&A motives and methods, and the companies were more cautious. This article discusses mergers and acquisitions trends in the global pharmaceutical industry, major businesses involved in mergers and acquisitions, and active pharmaceutical companies and their characteristics, and analyzes the development trends of global pharmaceutical industry mergers and acquisitions for domestic pharmaceutical companies and industry managers to reference.

7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1050-1053, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817977

ABSTRACT

Objective How to improve the operational safety of foraminoplasty has become a hot spot in present clinical research. This study was to observe the clinical effect of minimally invasive treatment of lumbar disc herniation by percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) combined with dynamically assisted visualized intervertebral foraminoplasty (VIVF).Methods Totally, 61 patients with lumbar disc herniation underwent PTED combined with dynamically assisted VIVF in Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine from January to November 2017. We evaluated the clinical effects using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and modified Macnab Criteria.Results The VAS scores of the patients were significantly lower at 3 days, 3 months and 6 months after surgery than the baseline (1.10±0.60, 1.03±0.26 and 1.07±0.31 vs 7.64±1.11, P<0.05), and so were the ODIs (2.10±0.54, 1.30±0.49 and 1.23±0.46 vs 34.46±3.57, P<0.05). The excellence rate of treatment 96.72% (59/61). None of the patients experienced such postoperative complications as nerve root injury, spinal injury, and dural matter, and no recurrence was observed.Conclusion PTED combined with dynamically assisted VIVF is safe and effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 969-974, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692338

ABSTRACT

Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS / MS) in childhood asthma and healthy control, aiming to find the potential markers of EBC in children with asthma, and provide a scientific reference for its pathogenesis and early screening. EBC samples were collected from 21 asthmatic children (age (8. 2 ±1. 6) years) and 17 healthy children ( age (8. 1 ±1. 3) years). GC-MS / MS was used to obtain the full scan data of chemical components. Cluster analysis was performed on the two groups of metabolites by principal component analysis (PCA), and potential biomarkers were found using Metaboanalyst 3. 0 attributable metabolic pathways. The results showed that the EBC metabolic maps of asthmatic group and normal group were very different, and eight endogenous potential biomarkers were identified, suggesting that starch and sucrose metabolism, lysine degradation, aminoglycan nucleoside metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism may play important roles in the development of asthma in children.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1882-1885,1888, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733383

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of MSCT in the diagnosis of traumatic pancreatic injury.Methods The clinical and MSCT examination data of 38 patients with pancreatic injury admitted to our hospital were retrospective reviewed.Radiographic pancreatic injuries were classified as superficial or deep lesions,according to the depth of the injury to pancreas.Superficial lesions were defined as the hematomas or lacerations <50% of thickness of pancreas,deep lesions as the hematomas or lacerations >50% of thickness of pancreas.Results In 38 patients,32 patients underwent operative treatment,and other 6 patients underwent nonoperative treatment,including 20 patients with superficial injury and 18 patients with deep injury.The overall diagnostic coincidence rate of CT was 89.5%(34/38),and diagnostic coincidence rate for deep injury was 100%(18/18)with injury of the main pancreatic duct.Five cases of pancreatic injury were detected by CT enhancement and post-processing technique,and CT examination was considered negative in 4 cases of superficial injury.CT showed intrapancreatic or peripancreatic hematomas in 16 cases,pancreatic tear or laceration in 17 cases,pancreatic contusion in 10 cases, peripancreatic pseudocyst in 11 cases,dilation of the main pancreatic duct in 3 cases,traumatic pancreatitis in 20 cases and peripancreatic infection with abccess in 4 cases.Pancreatic injury presented as pancreatic or peripancreatic hematomas in early stage (within 7 days)and subsequently evolved into pancreatic tear or laceration and pseudocyst.Pancreatic injury was located in the pancreatic head in 10 cases,both in pancreatic head and neck in 1 case,in pancreatic neck in 10 cases,both in pancreatic neck and body in 1 case,in pancreatic body in 2 cases,both in pancreatic body and tail in 7 cases and in pancreatic tail in 7 cases.Pancreatic contusion was mainly located in pancreatic head (8/10, 80%).19 cases of simple pancreatic injury and 19 complex ones were showed in this study.Conclusion The diagnostic coincidence rate of CT for deep pancreatic injury is high with dilatation of the main pancreatic duct.CT findings of pancreatic injury are related to the time,site and degree of the pancreatic injury.CT enhancement and post-processing technique can improve diagnostic rate.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1037-1042, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662988

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neurons autophagy and apoptosis after cerebral ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice,and to explore the effect of mild hypothermia on neurons autophagy and apoptosis.Methods The global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model in C57 mice was established with carotid artery ligation method.Ninety-six C57 mice were randomly (random number) divided into 8 groups (n =12 in each group),namely control group (C0),sham group,normal body temperature group (NT,37 ℃) after I/R 6 h (C6 h),normal body temperature group after I/R 12 h (C12 h),normal body temperature group after I/R 72 h (C72 h),mild hypothermia group (MH,34 ℃) after I/R6 h (C6 h +MH),mild hypothermia group after I/R12 h (C12 h + MH),mild hypothermia group after I/R 72 h (C72 h + MH).The protein expressions of Sirt1,P-FoxO1,Rab7,P53 and autophagy related genes such as Beclin1,LC3 were detected by Western blot at given intervals.The LC3 granules were assayed by immunofluorescence.The neurons apoptosis was detected by TUNEL.The software of SPSS13.0 was used for statistical analysis.Measurement data was expressed with mean ± SD,and comparison between two groups was carried out with Student's t test,One-way ANOVA was used for comparisons among groups,and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results The global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model in C57 mice was established successfully with bilateral carotid arteries ligation method.Compared with the control group,the protein expressions of Sirt1,P-FoxO1,Rab7,Beclin1 and LC3 Ⅱ / Ⅰ were gradually reduced,especially at 12 h after I/R in NT group (P < 0.05),while the expression of P53 was obviously increased (P <0.05).In MH group,the expressions of Sirt1,P-FoxO1,Rab7,Beclin1,LC3 Ⅱ / Ⅰ were higher than those in NT group (P < 0.05).And the expression of P53 was lower than that in NT group (P <0.05).Immuno-fluorescence test showed that compared with the control group,the LC3 particles of neurons cells were decreased significantly in group C12 (at 12 h after I/R 6.0 ± 1.5 vs.18.1 ±2.5,P <0.05).Nevertheless,LC3 particles were increased in MH group compared with NT group (36.1 ± 4.5 vs.6.0 ± 1.5,P < 0.05).The results of TUNEL test showed that compared with the control group,neurons cells apoptosis were significantly increased in C72 group (at 72 h after I/R,54.8% ±7.5% vs.5.5% ±1.2%,P < 0.05).However,compared with NT group,neurons apoptosis were decreased in MH group (28.8% ±4.5% vs.54.8% ±7.5%,P<0.05).Conclusions The neuron autophagy was significantly reduced and apoptosis was significantly increased after ischemia reperfusion injury (I/R) in mice.However,mild hypothermia could increase the expression of Sirt1,FoxO1,beclin1 and LC3,so as to promote neurons autophagy and reduce apoptosis,which would provide therapy target for neurons injury after hypoxia and provide soundly theoretical basis for mild hypothermia for clinical application.

11.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1037-1042, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661171

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neurons autophagy and apoptosis after cerebral ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice,and to explore the effect of mild hypothermia on neurons autophagy and apoptosis.Methods The global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model in C57 mice was established with carotid artery ligation method.Ninety-six C57 mice were randomly (random number) divided into 8 groups (n =12 in each group),namely control group (C0),sham group,normal body temperature group (NT,37 ℃) after I/R 6 h (C6 h),normal body temperature group after I/R 12 h (C12 h),normal body temperature group after I/R 72 h (C72 h),mild hypothermia group (MH,34 ℃) after I/R6 h (C6 h +MH),mild hypothermia group after I/R12 h (C12 h + MH),mild hypothermia group after I/R 72 h (C72 h + MH).The protein expressions of Sirt1,P-FoxO1,Rab7,P53 and autophagy related genes such as Beclin1,LC3 were detected by Western blot at given intervals.The LC3 granules were assayed by immunofluorescence.The neurons apoptosis was detected by TUNEL.The software of SPSS13.0 was used for statistical analysis.Measurement data was expressed with mean ± SD,and comparison between two groups was carried out with Student's t test,One-way ANOVA was used for comparisons among groups,and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results The global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model in C57 mice was established successfully with bilateral carotid arteries ligation method.Compared with the control group,the protein expressions of Sirt1,P-FoxO1,Rab7,Beclin1 and LC3 Ⅱ / Ⅰ were gradually reduced,especially at 12 h after I/R in NT group (P < 0.05),while the expression of P53 was obviously increased (P <0.05).In MH group,the expressions of Sirt1,P-FoxO1,Rab7,Beclin1,LC3 Ⅱ / Ⅰ were higher than those in NT group (P < 0.05).And the expression of P53 was lower than that in NT group (P <0.05).Immuno-fluorescence test showed that compared with the control group,the LC3 particles of neurons cells were decreased significantly in group C12 (at 12 h after I/R 6.0 ± 1.5 vs.18.1 ±2.5,P <0.05).Nevertheless,LC3 particles were increased in MH group compared with NT group (36.1 ± 4.5 vs.6.0 ± 1.5,P < 0.05).The results of TUNEL test showed that compared with the control group,neurons cells apoptosis were significantly increased in C72 group (at 72 h after I/R,54.8% ±7.5% vs.5.5% ±1.2%,P < 0.05).However,compared with NT group,neurons apoptosis were decreased in MH group (28.8% ±4.5% vs.54.8% ±7.5%,P<0.05).Conclusions The neuron autophagy was significantly reduced and apoptosis was significantly increased after ischemia reperfusion injury (I/R) in mice.However,mild hypothermia could increase the expression of Sirt1,FoxO1,beclin1 and LC3,so as to promote neurons autophagy and reduce apoptosis,which would provide therapy target for neurons injury after hypoxia and provide soundly theoretical basis for mild hypothermia for clinical application.

12.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E416-E420, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804050

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the remodeling of alveolar bone and change in expression of forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in rat, so as to preliminarily investigate the role of FOXO1 in alveolar bone remodeling induced by orthodontic force. Methods The rat OTM models were established and the left maxillary 1st molars were moved with force of 50 g. The rats were executed on the 1st, 3rd and 7th day of OTM, respectively. HE staining and immunohistochemical staining were used to observe the remodeling of alveolar bone in the inter-radicular region of the 1st molars and expression of FOXO1 at different time points during OTM. Results The 1st molars were constantly moved mesially under orthodontic force. There were more osteoclasts in the alveolar bone of OTM group than that in non-OTM group, and the osteoclasts on the 3rd day of OTM showed the highest activity. The number of active osteoblasts gradually increased in the inter-radicular region of alveolar bone under orthodontic force, with the enhanced osteoblast activity. Expression of FOXO1 in OTM group was elevated compared with non-OTM group. Most osteoblasts in alveolar bone during OTM were FOXO1 positive, and the expression of FOXO1 was gradually increased with the number of osteoblasts increasing. Conclusions Orthodontic force induces bone remodeling of alveolar bone in the inter-radicular region during OTM, and the change in FOXO1 expression may be related to alveolar bone remodeling during OTM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 823-827, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464292

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and neuroglobin (NGB) in piglet cortex during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.METHODS:Wuzhishan piglets were randomly assigned to car-diopulmonary bypass group ( CPB group) , 40 min of circulatory arrest ( CA) at 18 ℃ without cerebral perfusion ( DHCA group) or with selective antegrade cerebral perfusion ( SACP group) .After 180 min of reperfusion, cortical tissue was har-vested for determining HIF-1αand NGB expression by HE staining, Western blot and real-time PCR.RESULTS:Severer cerebral injury was observed in DHCA group than that in SACP group.After 180 min of reperfusion, HIF-1αprotein and mRNA levels were significantly higher in DHCA group than those in CPB group (P<0.05).Accordingly, SACP animal had higher levels of HIF-1αprotein and mRNA than those in DHCA group (P<0.05).Simultaneously, higher NGB pro-tein and mRNA levels were found in DHCA group than those in CPB group after 180 min of reperfusion ( P<0.05) .The SACP animal had higher levels of NGB protein and mRNA than those in DHCA group (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Up-regulation of HIF-1 and NGB are involved in the mechanism against cerebral injury resulting from DHCA in the cortex and possibly a part of cerebral protective effect of SACP.

14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 122-128, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317098

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Despite a recent American Heart Association (AHA) consensus statement emphasizing the importance of resistant hypertension (RH), its control is still a challenge for conventional medicine. The Chinese herbal formula, Qutan Huayu Fang, has been used effectively to assist antihypertensive agents in blood pressure control, but its effect for RH patients is still unclear. This pilot study aims to explore the effects of taking the formula in addition to antihypertensive medication in the management of RH.</p><p><b>METHODS/DESIGN</b>A prospective cohort study will be conducted in two first-class hospitals of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Eligible RH patients will be classified as the experimental group (n = 100) and the control group (n = 100) based on the interventions they receive. Participants taking antihypertensive agents and the Chinese herbal formula will be in the experimental group and those taking antihypertensive agents alone will be in the control group. The whole study will last 24 weeks, including an 8-week observation and follow-up at 24 weeks. The primary outcomes, assessed against patient baseline conditions, will be the reduction of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure as well as changes in TCM symptoms and signs. These outcomes will be assessed at weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8. The reductions of blood pressure will also be assessed at week 24. Cardiac events and mortality rate will be secondary outcomes and will be assessed at weeks 8 and 24. Any adverse reactions will be recorded during the study. The causal inference method will be used to assess the effectiveness of the inclusion of TCM herbal medicine in the management of patients with RH.</p><p><b>DISCUSSION</b>This study will determine whether the Chinese herbal formula is helpful for RH patients treated with antihypertensive agents and the findings will provide a basis for further confirmatory studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Clinical Protocols , Cohort Studies , Drug Resistance , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Pilot Projects , Plants, Medicinal , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1499-1506, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the regulation trend of Jinxin Oral Liquid (JXOL) on the expression of negative regulatory factor of TLR3 signaling pathway SOCS1 in the lung tissue of RSV infected BALB/c mice at different time points.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 75 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., the normal control group, the model group, the ribavirin group, the high dose JXOL group, and the equivalent dose JXOL group, 15 in each group. Each group had 3 intervention ways (I, II, and III) with 5 mice treated in each group. BALB/c mice were nasally infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and treated by different intervention ways. After intervention, mice were killed and their lung tissues were sampled, mRNA expression levels of RSV-M, SOCS1, and IFN-β were detected by Real time PCR. The expression of SOCSl at the protein level was detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal control group, the mRNA expression level of SOCS1 and IFN-β, and the protein expression level of SOCS1 increased significantly in the model group intervened by intervention I and II (all P < 0.01), but the mRNA expression level of IFN-β decreased significantly in model group intervened by intervention III (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the mRNA expression level of RSV-M all significantly decreased in the high dose JXOL group and the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by 3 intervention ways (all P < 0.01). The mRNA expression level of SOCS1 significantly decreased in the high dose JXOL group intervened by intervention I and III and the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by 3 intervention ways (all P < 0.01). The mRNA expression level of IFN-β significantly decreased in the high dose JXOL group intervened by intervention I and II and the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by intervention I (all P < 0.01), while it significantly increased in the high dose JXOL group intervened by intervention III and the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by intervention III (all P < 0.01). The protein expression level of SOCS1 significantly decreased in the high dose JXOL group intervened by intervention I and the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by 3 intervention ways (all P < 0.01), while it significantly increased in the high dose JXOL group intervened by intervention III (all P < 0.01). Compared with the high dose JXOL group, the mRNA expression level of RSV-M decreased significantly in the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by intervention I and II (P < 0.01). The mRNA expression level of SOCS1 and IFN-β decreased significantly in the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by intervention I (P < 0.01), but the mRNA expression level of IFN-β increased significantly in the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by intervention II and III (all P < 0.01). The protein expression level of SOCS1 decreased significantly in the equivalent dose JXOL group intervened by 3 intervention ways (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>JXOL could inhibit the expression of SOCS1 in the lung tissue of RSV infected BALB/c mice at different time points. Its regulatory effect might be associated with promoting the expression of interferon type I and further fighting against RSV.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Lung , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA, Messenger , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Ribavirin , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 3 , Metabolism
16.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E078-E084, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804368

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a comprehensive study on pulsatile blood flow in arteries by proposing a convenient theoretical research system for hemodynamics. Methods Based on Womersley algorithm for fully developed pulsatile flow, numerical algorithm was introduced to establish the solving and analytical system of hemodynamics based on flow rate in arteries during one cardiac cycle. The flow rate of carotid artery in pig was measured under three blood flow states: the ideal state with a sinusoidal inflow waveform, the normal physiological state and the enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) state for comprehensive hemodynamic research. Results Important hemodynamic parameters such as the axial speed vector, the wall shear stress (WSS), and the oscillatory shear index (OSI) during one cardiac cycle under the mentioned three flow states were solved respectively. The waveform of flow rate had a certain effect on WSS distributions and OSI level; the EECP performance obviously resulted in a significant increase in the level of WSS (WSS peak in particular) and OSI. Conclusions The solving system developed in this paper can be used for hemodynamics study conveniently and effectively. One of the most important hemodynamic mechanisms that lead to EECP’s good clinical effect may lie in its promotion to WSS level under physiological state, but the effect of OSI on endothelial function of the artery might much smaller than WSS itself; therefore, OSI may not be an ideal hemodynamic index for predicting the lesion of atherosclerosis.

17.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E014-E019, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804358

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate differences in genes expression of rat bone marrow stromal cells (rBMSCs) under continuous mechanical strain by gene microarray technology.Methods rBMSCs were isolated and cultured in vitro. Continuous stresses with amplitude of 10% and frequency of 1 Hz were applied on rBMSCs for 6 hours by Flexercell mechanical loading system to investigate rBMSC gene expression profiles, and quantitative PCR was used to verify gene expression changes related to osteoblastic differentiation. Results Compared with the control group, 1 244 differentially expressed genes were found in mechanical loading group, among which 793 genes were up-regulated, while 451 genes were down-regulated.GO (gene ontology) analysis suggested that differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in multicellular organismal development, cell differentiation, chemotaxis, cell adhesion and so on. Four signaling pathways as Notch, Wnt, FGF and IGF might participate in the regulation of stress-induced osteoblastic differentiation. PCR validation results were consistent with the gene chip results. Conclusions Mechanical stress could induce osteoblastic differentiation of the BMSCs, while several differentially expressed genes screened by gene microarray may attribute to this process.

18.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 602-605, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287504

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the protective effect of Shenfu Injection (SFI) pretreatment on brain of patients receiving aortic valve replacement (AVR) undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty AVR patients undergoing CPB were randomly assigned to 2 groups, the control group and the experimental group, 15 cases in each group. SFI at 1.5 mL/kg (dissolved in 250 mL 5% glucose solution) was intravenously dripped to those in the experimental group 5 days before operation, once daily for 5 successive days. SFI at 1.5 mL/kg (dissolved in 250 mL 5% glucose solution) was intravenously dripped to those 30 min before anesthesia induction. Equal dose of normal saline was intravenously dripped to those in the control group, and the other procedures were the same as those for patients in the experimental group. The venous blood sample (2 mL) was drawn from the right internal carotid vein immediately after induction of anesthesia (T1),10 min after CPB (T2), 30 min after GPB (T3), 2 h after CPB (T4), 24 h after CPB (T5), and 48 h after CPB (T6), thus detecting the plasma levels of S100beta and neuron specific enolase (NSE). And patients' cognitive function was assessed with mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scale on the day before operation, the 2nd and the 7th day after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no statistical difference in the levels of S1001 and NSE between the two groups at T1 (P > 0.05). There was statistical difference in the levels of S100beta and NSE between the two groups at T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, when compared with those at T1 (P <0.05). Besides, the levels of S100beta and NSE at T2, T3, T4, T5, T6 were lower in the experimental group than in the control group, showing statistical difference (P <0.05). The MMSE scores decreased on the 2nd day after operation in the two groups, showing statistical difference when compared with those on the day before operation (P <0.05). It was lowered more obviously in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the MMSE score between the 7th day post-operation and the day before operation (P >0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SFI pretreatment had protective effect on brain in AVR patients undergoing CPB.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain , Metabolism , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Cognition , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Methods , Intraoperative Period , Ischemic Preconditioning , Methods , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Metabolism , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 778-784, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261469

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of recombinant human interleukin-2 (rhIL-2) activated natural killer cells (rhIL-2-NK) on angiogenesis and cardiac function of rats with myocardial infarction (MI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Natural killer cells (NKs) were isolated and activated by rhIL-2 in vitro. Untreated NKs were used as the control, the killing capacity of rhIL-2-NK were evaluated with cytotoxicity assay. Cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were cocultured with rhIL-2-NK. One hour after MI, rats were randomly divided into rhIL-2-NK group, NK group and blank control group and NK, rhIL-2-NK and PBS were injected directly in the infracted myocardium. At the 0, 1(st), 3(rd), 5(th), 7(th) and 20(th)th day after MI, the mRNA expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were was detected by q-PCR essay. At the end of the therapy, the platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1(CD31) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated through immunohistochemical assay, and the cardiac function observed with echocardiography, homodynamic measurements.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The NKs were isolated successfully and the CMEC were proliferated remarkably by coculturing with rhIL-2-NK (P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of MCP-1, TNF-α, CD31 and rhIL-2, VEGF were significantly upregulated in rhIL-2-NK group than in the PBS control group (P < 0.01). Four weeks after operation, LVEF was significantly higher in rhIL-2-NK group than in the PBS control group [(77.56 ± 15.67)% vs. (41.47 ± 12.21)%, P < 0.05)] and histomorphology assay revealed that the density of microvascular endothelial (MVD) of rhIL-2-NK group was significantly higher than that of PBS control group (17.35 ± 1.82 vs. 4.76 ± 0.92, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Myocardial injection of rhIL-2-NK could promote angiogenesis and improve cardiac function in MI rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Heart , Physiology , Interleukin-2 , Pharmacology , Killer Cells, Natural , Physiology , Myocardial Infarction , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology
20.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1485-1488, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231658

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the application of association rules in Chinese medical pathogeneses and pathologies of heat and phlegm in infantile viral pneumonia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Association rules were applied to analyze dynamic changes of heat and phlegm correlated symptoms and signs in 297 infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia, thus understanding its evolution or pathogenesis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Heat and phlegm co-exist in infantile viral pneumonia. In their relationship, heat was more likely to affect phlegm, but phlegm was less likely to affect heat. Under the intervention of drugs, the possibility of heat induced by phlegm was gradually reduced. But the possibility of phlegm induced by heat was not obvious as time went by.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Heat and phlegm have a close relationship in the pathogenesis of infantile viral pneumonia. The intervention of drugs could reduce the pathologic evolution of phlegm causing heat. However, it has little effect on the pathologic evolution of heat causing phlegm.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Diagnosis
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