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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879045

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of six common drying methods on the quality of different specifications of Sophorae Flos, in order to select their suitable drying methods. According to appearance and morphology, Sophorae Flos was divided into the following three specifications: flower bud type(HL), half-open type(BK) and blooming type(SK). All specifications of samples were treated with shade-drying method(25 ℃, natural temperature), sun-drying method, hot-air-drying method(60, 105 ℃), and drying method(60 ℃) after steaming. The contents of total flavonoids, rutin, narcissus, quercetin, isorhamnetin, and Fe~(3+) reducing ability, DPPH free radical scavenging ability, ABTS free radical scavenging ability and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching(FRAP) were detected by UV, HPLC and colorimetry, respectively. Principal component analysis(PCA), cluster analysis(CA) and correlation analysis were used to comprehensively evaluate the quality of samples. According to the results, there were significant differences in the effect of drying methods on different specifications of samples. The drying method(60 ℃) after steaming was suitable for HL and BK, while the hot-air-drying method(60 ℃) was suitable for SK. When the fresh medicinal materials could not be treated in time, they should be spread out in a cool and ventilated place. Under high and low temperature conditions, the quality of three specifications of Sophorae Flos would be reduced. The hot-air-drying method(105 ℃) and shade-drying method(25 ℃) were not suitable for the treatment of fresh flowers and flower buds of Sophora japonicus. There were obviously differences of chemical compositions and antioxidant activities among the three specifications of samples. Therefore, the specifications of medicinal materials should be controlled to ensure the uniform quality. The study provided the abundant data reference for the selection of appropriate drying methods for the three specifications of Sophorae Flos, and useful exploration for the classification and processing of medicinal materials of flowers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavonoids/analysis , Flowers/chemistry , Rutin , Sophora
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800507

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a novel stress-induced depression model by changing the lighting conditions and continuously damping cushion (L-D).@*Methods@#The L-D stress depression animal model was established in C57BL / 6 mice with body weight of 18-22 g. Seventy-five mice with the horizontal and vertical scores higher than 30 and less than 120 in open field test were employed.In the research of model construction, mice were randomly divided into three groups: control group (n=9), chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) model group (n=10) and L-D model group (n=9). In the drug intervention experiments, mice were randomly divided into five groups: control group (n=9), chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) model group (n=10), L-D model group (n=9), CUMS+ fluoxetine group (n=10) and L-D model+ fluoxetine group (n=9). Open field test, forced swimming test and sucrose preference test were used to evaluate the degree of depression in animals.@*Results@#(1) In the open field test, the horizontal score of CUMS model group (67.20±5.81) and the L-D model group (52.56±19.05) were significantly lower than that of the control group (76.44±9.22) (t=2.645, t=3.387, both P<0.05). And horizontal score of the L-D model was significantly lower than that of the CUMS model (t=2.321, both P<0.05). In forced swimming experiment, compared with the control group ((39.67±21.12)s), the immobility time of the CUMS model group ((60.90±10.34)s) and the L-D model group ((74.89±16.10)s) were significantly prolonged (t=2.831, 3.979, both P<0.05). The immobility time of the L-D model group was also significantly higher than that of the CUMS model group (t=2.278, P<0.05). In the sucrose preference experiment, the percentage of sucrose preference in CUMS model group ((72±7)%) and L-D model group ((65±5)%) was lower than that in the control group ((81±12)%) (t=2.195, 3.875, both P<0.05). The percentage of sucrose preference of L-D model group was significantly higher than that of CUMS model group (t=2.286, P<0.05). (2) After intervention with antidepressants, the horizontal scores of the CUMS model group (65.60±6.43) and the L-D model group (54.33±14.67) were significantly lower than that of the control group (75.78±8.27) in open field test (t=3.011, t=3.861, both P<0.05), and the score of L-D group was lower than that of CUMS group(t=2.235, P<0.05). The vertical score of the L-D model group (33.44±4.54) was significantly lower than that of the control group (39.22±5.56) (t=2.553, P<0.05). There was significant increase in the level score and vertical score of CUMS model and L-D model after fluoxetine intervention (t=3.090, t=2.692, both P<0.05), and significant twist in the vertical score of CUMS model and L-D model (t=2.681, t=2.354; both P<0.05). In the forced swimming experiment, the immobility time of the L-D model((64.11±13.06)s) was significantly longer than that of the control group ((42.00±13.77)s) (t=3.494, P<0.05). The immobility time of CUMS model and L-D model mice was significantly longer than that of non-intervention group (t=2.137, 2.940, both P<0.05). After the intervention of fluoxetine, there was no significant difference between the CUMS group, L-D group, the control group(all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Changing the lighting conditions and continuously damping cushion is a new method to establish mice model with depression behavior.Shorter modeling duration and simple operation are the main advantages of this model.

3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 343-349, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777180

ABSTRACT

A large number of cancer patients suffer from pain. Growing evidence suggested that pain might be a serious risk factor for cancer patients. The shared modulators and modulation pathways between neural system and tumor cells, such as various neurotransmitters and neurogenic cytokines, provide essential basis for the effect of pain on tumor. In this article, we reviewed some possible mechanism of this process from two aspects: the systematic regulation of central nervous system on endocrine and immunity, and the regional regulation of peripheral nerves on tumor cells. The aim of this review is to provide more innovative knowledge about pain and cancer and to emphasize the importance of anti-pain in the therapy of cancer.


Subject(s)
Cancer Pain , Central Nervous System , Humans , Memory , Neurotransmitter Agents , Pain , Peripheral Nerves
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of detecting serum complement C3 and C4 in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to explore its correlation with myeloma bone disease (MBD).@*METHODS@#The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in 69 MM patients and 30 healthy people were examined by scatter nephelometry. The bone density of L1-4 vertebral body, bilateral femoral neck and bilateral hip joints were measured by dual energy bone density meter (DXA).@*RESULTS@#The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in MM patients significantly increased in comparison with that in healthy people (P<0.01). The patients in advanced clinical stage exhibited a higher levels of C3 and C4 than those in stable stage (P<0.01). In addition, the patients with grade C of MBD had a higher levels of serum complement C3 and C4 than those in patients with grade A and B of MBD (P<0.01). The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in MM patients negatively correlated with bone density in L1-4 vertebral body, bilateral femoral necks and hip joints. The correlation coefficients were r=-0.938, r=-0.659, r=-0.745, r=-0.748, r=-0.596 in complement C3 and r=-0.908, r=-0.623, r=-0.710, r=-0.714, r=-0.595 in complement C4, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of complement C3 and C4 positively correlate with the severity of bone disease and bone density in MM patients, which suggests that complement C3 and C4 plays important roles in the development of MBD. The levels of serum C3 and C4 may be the sensitive biomarkers of MBD.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Complement C3 , Metabolism , Complement C4 , Metabolism , Femur Neck , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 298-302, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842747

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using autologous vein graft and platelet-derived growth factors to bridge transected cavernous nerve in a rat model. A short defect in the bilateral cavernous nerve was created and repaired with vein graft from the right jugular vein or vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors. The 32 rats were divided into four groups, namely Group 1 - no repair as a negative control, Group 2 - vein graft alone, Group 3 - vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors, and Group 4 - sham operation as a positive control. We evaluated nerve regeneration and functional recovery using retrograde tracing study with FluoroGold, Toluidine blue staining of cavernous nerve, and the intracavernous pressure at 3 months. Three months after surgery, rich FluoroGold-positive cells were observed in the sham and vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors group, but very few were found in the no repair group. The number of myelinated axons of regenerated cavernous nerve and intracavernous pressure were increased obviously in the two vein graft groups, especially in the vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors group. These findings confirm the feasibility of using autologous vein as guides for cavernous nerve regeneration, and the regeneration can be further enhanced when the vein is filled with platelet-derived growth factors.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2097-2100, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the quality standard for the leaves of Nauclea officinalis. METHODS:Microscopic identi-fication and TLC methods were used for qualitative identification of N. officinalis. The moisture and ash of medicinal materials were determined. HPLC method was adopted to determine the content of strictosamide in medicinal materials. The determination was per-formed on Lichrospher C18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution(gradient elution)at the flow rate of 1 mL/min,injection volume was 10 μL. The detection wavelength was set at 226 nm,and the column temperature was 30 ℃. RESULTS:Microscopic identification of the leaves of N. officinalis had strong characteristics,and TLC sports were clear and well-separated without interference from negative control. The linear range of strictosamide were 0.0105-0.21 mg/mL(r=0.9995);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2.0%. Average recoveries were 96.25-101.82%(RSD=1.86%,n=9). Total ash of medicinal materials was 5.27%-6.44%,acid insoluble ash was 0.23%-0.36%,water content was 9.48%-11.46%,strictosamide was 0.124%-1.003%. CONCLUSIONS:Established standard can be used for quality evaluation of N. officinalis.

9.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4812-4815,4823, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of Akt signaling pathway in the regulation of breast cancer bone metastasis induced pain behavior in rat.Methods:Model rats were randomly divided into three groups:Model group,Model+GSK690693 group and Model+ Saline group.On PID 13,14 and 21,Model+GSK690693 group rats were intrathecally injected with GSK690693,a specific inhibitor of Akt.Model+Saline group were injected with saline instead.The pain related behaviors were respectively recorded on PID 0,7,14 and 21.The expression ofp-Akt in DRG used for western bloting were examed on PID 21.Results:After the injection of Akt specific inhibitor GSK690693 by intrathecal,In the Model+GSK690693 group,the threshold value of mechanical contraction reflex was increased,the spontaneous pain behavior and the expression of p-Akt in DRG decreased.On PID 14 d and 21 d,the pain behavior of rats in Model+GSK690693 group was significantly different from that of Model+Saline group and Model group (P<0.01);On PID 21 d,There was significant statistical significance (P<0.01) on the expression of p-Akt and Model in the ipsilateral Model+GSK690693 of DRG group,which was statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with the Model+Saline group.Conclusion:Intrathecal injection of Akt specific inhibitor GSK690693 inhibits rat pain related behaviors induced by bone metastasis in rat breast cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275438

ABSTRACT

To study Ginkgo biloba leaves in different producing area, we establish an HPLC method for the simultaneously determination of seven flavonoids glycosides and four biflavonoids in G. biloba leaves. The analysis was performed on an Agilent ZORBAX SB-C₁₈ column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) wich acetonitrile, and 0.4% phosphoric acid as mobile phase at flow rate of 1 mL•min⁻¹ in a gradient edution, and the detection was carried out at 254 nm.The calibration curves of the seven flavonoids glycosides and four biflavonoids had a good linearitiy with good recoveries. The established HPLC method is simple, rapid, accurate, reliable, and sensitive, and can be applied to the identification and quality control of G. biloba leaves.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 343-346, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812762

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical effect of embedding sutures of single inner- and outer-prepuce flap in the treatment of concealed penis.@*METHODS@#This retrospective analysis included 37 cases of concealed penis treated by embedding sutures of single inner- and outer-prepuce flap between July 2011 and May 2015. Catheters were pulled out from the patients within 24 hours and the dressing removed about 1 week after surgery. All the patients were followed up for 12-24 months postoperatively for evaluation of the long-term outcomes of surgery.@*RESULTS@#One-stage wound healing was achieved in all the patients. No foreskin flap necrosis, inflammation, edema, voiding dysfunction, or painful erection was found during the follow-up. The penises were extended by 2-4 cm. No complications were observed axcept 8 cases of mild prepuce edema, which all subsided with 6 months postoperatively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Embedding sutures of single inner- and outer-prepuce flap, with the advantages of simple operation, rapid recovery and few complications, is a desirable surgical option for the treatment of concealed penis.


Subject(s)
Foreskin , Humans , Male , Penile Diseases , General Surgery , Penis , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Pathology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Flaps , Pathology , Transplantation , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Methods , Wound Healing
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812113

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the chemical constituents of the whole herb of Dichrocephala benthamii. A new megastigmane glucoside (compound 1), together with its four known analogues (compounds 2-5), was obtained. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, MS, and 1D and 2D NMR). The absolute configuration of compound 1 was assigned on the basis of CD method and chemical evidence. In addition, their cytotoxicity against human hepatoma cells (HepG-2) was evaluated by the MTT method. Compound 5 showed weak activity against HepG-2, while the other compounds did not show remarkable inhibitory effects.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Asteraceae , Chemistry , China , Cyclohexanones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Molecular Structure , Norisoprenoids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256076

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to develop a simple, sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the determination of syringaresinol, N-trans-feruloyltyramine, chelerythrine chloride, sinomenine, coptisine chloride, sanguinarine, chelidonine, magnolflorine, allocryptopine, protopine, farrerol, stylopine and dihydrosanguin-arine in Tong'an injection (TAI), which could be used for the quality control of TAI. The UPLC analysis was performed on Agilent Zorbax SB-Aq column (2.1 mm×150 mm,3.5 μm), with 0.1% formic acid solution (A) -acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0.01-2 min, 5%B; 2-8 min, 5%-30%B; 8-11 min, 30%-95%B; 11-13 min, 95%B; 13-13.1 min, 95%-5%B; 13.1-14 min, 5%B). The flow rate was 0.5 mL•min⁻¹, and the column temperature was 25 ℃; multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) was performed in electrospray ion source positive ion mode for quantitative determination. The calibration curves for the above thirteen compounds showed good linear relationship in corresponding mass concentration range (r>0.999 0). The average recovery rate of the compounds ranged from 95.70% to 104.8%, with RSD of less than 1.9%. The contents of thirteen active components in 10 batches of TAI were 0.021 2-0.029 0, 0.001 7-0.002 3, 0.000 9-0.001 3, 5.952-6.205 2, 0.195 4-0.240 5, 0.002 0-0.002 9, 0.693-0.798 2, 0.069 3-0.078 2, 0.089 29-0.102 9, 0.386 5-0.420 1, 0.014 3-0.015 9, 0.755 3-0.842 1, and 0.008 2-0.011 2 g•L⁻¹ respectively. Methodology validation proved that this method was simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate, which can be used to provide reference for the comprehensive evaluation of TAI quality. The determination results of 10 batches of TAI showed the content of each batch had no significant difference. The results may provide a basis for the quality control of TAI.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of diterpene ginkgolides meglumine injection (DGMI) against oxidative stress induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in SH-SY5Y cells. METHODS SH-SY5Y cells were divided into five groups: normal control, model control (OGD group) and drug(25 mg · L- 1) administration groups including DGMI group, extract of ginkgo biloba leaves injection group (EGBLI) and lactones ginkgo biloba injection group (LGBI). The cells suffered from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) for 4 h, followed by reoxygenation with drugs for 6 h. Then, cell viabilities were detect using CCK-8 assays, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels using fluorescence probe DCFH-DA and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities using WST-1 test. Western blotting was used to detected protein levels of hemeoxygenase-1(HO-1), NAD(P)H, quinone oxidore?ductase l (Nqo1), protein kinase B (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), nuclear factor-E2-related factor2 (Nrf2) and phosphorylated Nrf2 (p-Nrf2). The cells were induced by OGD for 4 h, followed by reoxygen?ation and DGMI for 1 h, combined with different concentrations of PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) (at the final concentration of 12.5, 25 and 50 μmol · L-1) before the protein levels of AKT, p-AKT, Nrf2 and p-Nrf2 were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS SH-SY5Y cells induced by OGD for 4 h resulted in an increase in ROS(P<0.01), but a decrease in cell viabilities(P<0.01), SOD activities(P<0.01), and antioxidant protein levels ( Akt, p-Akt, Nrf2, p-Nrf2, HO-1 and Nqo1) (P<0.01). Compared with OGD group, treatment with reoxygenation and drugs (DGMI,EGBLI and LGBI respectively) for 6 h resulted in a decrease in ROS (P<0.01), but an increase in cell viabilities, SOD activities and antioxidant protein levels of p-Nrf2, HO-1, Nqo1 and p-Akt(P<0.05,P<0.01). DGMI group showed the best efficiently. Moreover, after OGD for 4 h, compared with DGMI group, combining reoxygenation and DGMI with LY294002 for 1 h resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of the protein levels of p-AKT and p-Nrf2(P<0.01). CONCLUSION DGMI 25 mg · L-1 can inhibit oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells induced by OGD by increasing the activity and expression of Nrf2 through PI3K/Akt pathway, which may be one of the mechanisms by which DGMI protects neurons from stroke.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670451

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at investigating the antiviral constituents from the active fractions of Tong-An (TA) injection.In this study,the active constituents of TA injection were screened by LPS-induced PGE2 production mode to detect the contents of PGE2.The chemical constituents were isolated by HP-20 macroporous resin,silica gel column chromatography,ODS column chromatography,Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and preparative and semi-preparative HPLC.The structures were identified by spectral data and physicochemical property.As a result,the 95% ethanol eluate of TA injection on the macroporous adsorption resin column was proved to be the active fraction of TA injection.Seventeen compounds were isolated from TA injection and identified as syringaresinol (1),N-Trans-Feruloyltyramine (2),chelerythrine (3),sinomenine (4),coptisine (5),sanguinarine (6),chelidoniny (7),magnoflorine (8),allocryptopine (9),protopine (10),farrerol (11),dihydrosanguinarine (12),heptadec-(9Z)-enoic acid (13),chlorogenic acid (14),cryptochlorogenin acid (15),3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (16) and 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (17).PGE2 inhibitory activities of these compounds were determined,among which six compounds presented inhibitory activities against PGE2.It was concluded that all the isolated compounds from TA injection were firstly reported with the favorable inhibitory activities of compounds 2,5,9,10,11,12 against PGE2.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484806

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Fractures can induce bone cel hypoxia, and remarkably reduce the oxygen tension in cels. Hypoxia-inducible factor-2α is a key oxygen-dependent transcriptional activator to regulate the body function under hypoxia and mediate the release of various inflammatory factors after fractures. OBJECTIVE:To explore the role of Laquinimod in expression and function of hypoxia-inducible factor-2αin osteoblasts. METHODS: Mouse osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 (clone 14) were pretreated with Laquinimod at various concentrations(10-100μmol/L) before hypoxia in the presence or absence of specific proteasome inhibitors MG132 or N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucine. Then, the media were pre-conditioned in 1% or 21% oxygen tension for 1 to 24 hours. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Under hypoxia, the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α in osteoblasts was increased remarkably, and Laquinimod could inhibit the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and its target genes in mouse MC3T3-E1 cels. Mechanisticaly, Laquinimod promoted hypoxia-inducible factor-2α degradation in a proteasome-dependent but von Hippel-Lindau protein-independent manner. Importantly, we found that Laquinimod disrupted the interaction between hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and its chaperone heat shock protein 90, but promoted the interaction between hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and the receptor of activated protein kinase C. These findings suggest that Laquinimod may promote the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α by affecting its folding and maturation. Laquinimod is a novel inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α by changing its functional interaction with chaperone proteins heat shock protein 90 and receptor of activated protein kinase C.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250501

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology method was adopted in this study to explore the active compounds and mechanism of Tongsaimai tablets for atherosclerosis. In molecular docking and molecular-target protein network analysis, 97 molecules in Tongsaimai tablets showed good interaction with the atherosclerosis-related target protein (docking score ≥ 7), and 37 molecules of them could act on more than 2 targets (≥ 2) with higher betweenness, suggesting that these 37 molecules might be the main active compounds group in Tongsaimai tablets for atherosclerosis treatment. Furthermore, the predicted active compounds contained more flavonoids and saponins, reminding more attention should be paid on flavonoids and saponins in study of effective compounds and quality standards of Tongsaimai tablets. Targets network analysis showed that, the active compounds of Tongsaimai tablets could regulate inflammation, stabilize plaque, protect vascular endothelial cell, regulate blood lipid and inhibit blood coagulation through acting on the main 22 target proteins, such as Toll-like receptors (TLR1, TLR2), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP1, MMP2, MMP3, MMP9), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4-H), 5-lipoxidase (5-LOX), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPARα, PPARγ). These active compounds can participate in regulating different pathologic stages of atherosclerosis and thus treat atherosclerosis finally. This study revealed the main active compounds and possible mechanism of Tongsaimai tablets for treatment of atherosclerosis and meanwhile, verified the characteristics of multi-components, multi-targets and integral regulation for Tongsaimai tablets, providing theoretical references for the following systematic laboratory experiments on effective compounds and action mechanism of Tongsaimai Tablet.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230128

ABSTRACT

Prostaglandin (PG) E2 is an active substance in pathological and physiological mechanisms, such as inflammation and pain. The in vitro high-throughput assay for screening the inhibitors of reducing PEG2 production is a useful method for finding out antiphlogistic and analgesic candidates. The assay was based on LPS-induced PGE2 production model using a homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence(HTRF) PGE2 testing kit combined with liquid handling automation and detection instruments. The critical steps, including the cell density optimization and IC50 values determination of a positive compound, were taken to verify the stability and sensibility of the assay. Low intra-plate, inter-plate and day-to-day variability were observed in this 384-well, high-throughput format assay. Totally 5 121 samples were selected from the company's traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) material base library and used to screen PGE2 inhibitors. In this model, the cell plating density was 2 000 cells for each well; the average IC₅₀ value for positive compounds was (7.3±0.1) μmol; the Z' factor for test plates was more than 0.5 and averaged at 0.7. Among the 5 121 samples, 228 components exhibited a PGE2 production prohibition rate of more than 50%, and 23 components exhibited more than 80%. This model reached the expected standards in data stability and accuracy, indicating the reliability and authenticity of the screening results. The automated screening system was introduced to make the model fast and efficient, with a average daily screening amount exceeding 14 000 data points and provide a new model for discovering new anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug and quickly screening effective constituents of TCM in the early stage.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304865

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to optimize the extraction (CO2 supercritical extraction) process and purification (ethanol washing and decontaminating) process of total fatty acid in Brassica campestris pollen. With the extraction yield of total fatty acid as index, CO2 supercritical extraction of total fatty acid in B. campestris polle was optimized by central composite design-response surface methodology. Ethanol washing and decontaminating was done for the extract through orthogonal design with content of total fatty acid (linolenic acid amide, linolenic acid glyceride, linolenic acid and palmitic acid) as the indexes. The optimum parameters of CO2 supercritical extraction technology were as follows: extraction pressure of 35 MPa, extraction temperature of 60 ℃and extraction time of 3 h. When extract of supercritical fluid was purified by 50 times of 80% ethanol for 1.5 h, the content of total fatty acid can reach 60%. In addition, this process was stable and steady, provided reliable basis for production.

20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 225-228, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304724

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical application value of 8.5/11.5 F transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of refractory hematospermia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 78 cases of refractory hematospermia diagnosed and treated by 8.5/11.5 F transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy from June 2012 to June 2014. The patients underwent serum PSA examination, transrectal ultrasonography, seminal vesicle ultrasonography, and pelvis CT or MRI before surgery, and all received transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy under the 8.5/11.5 F rigid ureteroscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Operations were all successfully accomplished, which revealed abnormal opening of the ejaculatory duct in 5 cases, mucosal inflammatory hyperemia in the prostatic utricle and seminal vesicle in 78, dark red mucilage substance in the seminal vesicle in 34, seminal vesicle stones in 19, small polyp in the seminal vesicle in 2, and ejaculatory duct or seminal vesicle cyst in 4. All the patients received symptomatic treatment during the surgery. After surgery, hematouria was found in 13 cases, which disappeared within 2 weeks, pelvic hematoma in 1 case, which was cured by conservative treatment within 3 months, and epididymitis in 2 cases, which was controlled by anti-infection treatment. Hematospermia recurred in 3 cases during the 1-year postoperative follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>8.5/11.5 F transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy, with its advantages of easy operation, wide field of vision, large channel for operation, and few complications, deserves general clinical application in the diagnosis and treatment of refractory hematospermia.</p>


Subject(s)
Calculi , Ejaculatory Ducts , Endoscopy , Methods , Epididymitis , Hemospermia , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seminal Vesicles , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Urethra
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