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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 351-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928817

ABSTRACT

In China, malignant tumor is the main cause of death in both urban and rural areas. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have multidirectional differentiation potential, self-renewal ability and good immunomodulatory properties. Exosomes, as important paracrine substances of MSCs, mediate information exchange and transmission between cells in tumor microenvironment and influence the occurrence and development of tumors. Recently, conflicting findings have been reported on the effects of MSCs and their exosomes on tumors. On the one hand, MSCs and their exosomes are tumorigenic and can target specific sites to inhibit tumor growth; On the other hand, there is also evidence that MSCs could affect tumor growth and migration as part of the tumor microenvironment. In this paper, we will review the relationship between MSCs and exosomes and tumorgenesis and development, as well as how MSCs and exosomes play different roles in tumorgenesis and development, in order to provide beneficial help for tumor diagnosis, prognosis and precise treatment.
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Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Exosomes , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the endoscopic and pathological characteristics of gastric adenomatous polyps and to assess the potential risk factors for canceration of gastric adenomatous polyps.@*METHODS@#The endoscopic and pathological characteristics of the patients with gastric adenomatous polyps from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2019 were summarized retrospectively, and the risk factors of canceration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 125 patients with gastric adenomatous polyps were included, 51.20% of whom were females. The average age was (66.7±12.3) years. 64.80% of patients with gastric adenomatous polyps equal or more than 65 years old, and only 5.60% of the patients less than 45 years old. Adenomatous polyps were mostly distributed in the corpus and antrum with 40.80% and 32.80%, respectively. The majority of them were single (90.40%) and sessile (76.81%). 65.4% of adenomatous polyps were no more than 1.0 cm in diameter, and 23.20% of patients with adenomatous polyps were combined with hyperplastic polyps and/or fundus glandular polyps, and 1.60% had both pathological types of polyps. 58.62% (17/29) patients with hyperplastic polyps and/or fundus glandular polyps had multiple polyps. 1.60% (2/125) of the patients had gastric neuroendocrine tumor of G1 stage. Synchronous gastric cancer was detected in 13.60% (17/125) of the patients with adenomatous polyps, and the proportion of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia was 18.40% (23/125). The main types of synchronous gastric cancer were progressive (70.59%) and undifferentiated (66.67%). Chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia was found in 52.80% of the patients, and autoimmune gastritis accounted for 11.20%. The positive rate of Helicobacter pylori was 21.60%. The canceration rate of gastric adenomatous polyps was 20.80%. The cancer was mainly differentiated, but there was sigmoid ring cell carcinoma as well. Diameter of >1.0 cm (OR=5.092, 95%CI: 1.447-17.923, P=0.011), uneven surface morphology and erosion (OR=13.749, 95%CI: 1.072-176.339, P=0.044) were independent risk factors of adenomatous polyps.@*CONCLUSION@#The synchronous gastric cancer is common and the canceration of gastric adenomatous polyps is high with diameter and surface morphology as independent risk factors. We should pay attention to the identification of the pathological types of polyps and the evaluation of the whole gastric mucosa during the endoscopic examination.


Subject(s)
Adenomatous Polyps/epidemiology , Aged , Female , Gastric Mucosa , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879045

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of six common drying methods on the quality of different specifications of Sophorae Flos, in order to select their suitable drying methods. According to appearance and morphology, Sophorae Flos was divided into the following three specifications: flower bud type(HL), half-open type(BK) and blooming type(SK). All specifications of samples were treated with shade-drying method(25 ℃, natural temperature), sun-drying method, hot-air-drying method(60, 105 ℃), and drying method(60 ℃) after steaming. The contents of total flavonoids, rutin, narcissus, quercetin, isorhamnetin, and Fe~(3+) reducing ability, DPPH free radical scavenging ability, ABTS free radical scavenging ability and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching(FRAP) were detected by UV, HPLC and colorimetry, respectively. Principal component analysis(PCA), cluster analysis(CA) and correlation analysis were used to comprehensively evaluate the quality of samples. According to the results, there were significant differences in the effect of drying methods on different specifications of samples. The drying method(60 ℃) after steaming was suitable for HL and BK, while the hot-air-drying method(60 ℃) was suitable for SK. When the fresh medicinal materials could not be treated in time, they should be spread out in a cool and ventilated place. Under high and low temperature conditions, the quality of three specifications of Sophorae Flos would be reduced. The hot-air-drying method(105 ℃) and shade-drying method(25 ℃) were not suitable for the treatment of fresh flowers and flower buds of Sophora japonicus. There were obviously differences of chemical compositions and antioxidant activities among the three specifications of samples. Therefore, the specifications of medicinal materials should be controlled to ensure the uniform quality. The study provided the abundant data reference for the selection of appropriate drying methods for the three specifications of Sophorae Flos, and useful exploration for the classification and processing of medicinal materials of flowers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavonoids/analysis , Flowers/chemistry , Rutin , Sophora
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 343-349, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777180

ABSTRACT

A large number of cancer patients suffer from pain. Growing evidence suggested that pain might be a serious risk factor for cancer patients. The shared modulators and modulation pathways between neural system and tumor cells, such as various neurotransmitters and neurogenic cytokines, provide essential basis for the effect of pain on tumor. In this article, we reviewed some possible mechanism of this process from two aspects: the systematic regulation of central nervous system on endocrine and immunity, and the regional regulation of peripheral nerves on tumor cells. The aim of this review is to provide more innovative knowledge about pain and cancer and to emphasize the importance of anti-pain in the therapy of cancer.


Subject(s)
Cancer Pain , Central Nervous System , Humans , Memory , Neurotransmitter Agents , Pain , Peripheral Nerves
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of detecting serum complement C3 and C4 in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to explore its correlation with myeloma bone disease (MBD).@*METHODS@#The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in 69 MM patients and 30 healthy people were examined by scatter nephelometry. The bone density of L1-4 vertebral body, bilateral femoral neck and bilateral hip joints were measured by dual energy bone density meter (DXA).@*RESULTS@#The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in MM patients significantly increased in comparison with that in healthy people (P<0.01). The patients in advanced clinical stage exhibited a higher levels of C3 and C4 than those in stable stage (P<0.01). In addition, the patients with grade C of MBD had a higher levels of serum complement C3 and C4 than those in patients with grade A and B of MBD (P<0.01). The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in MM patients negatively correlated with bone density in L1-4 vertebral body, bilateral femoral necks and hip joints. The correlation coefficients were r=-0.938, r=-0.659, r=-0.745, r=-0.748, r=-0.596 in complement C3 and r=-0.908, r=-0.623, r=-0.710, r=-0.714, r=-0.595 in complement C4, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of complement C3 and C4 positively correlate with the severity of bone disease and bone density in MM patients, which suggests that complement C3 and C4 plays important roles in the development of MBD. The levels of serum C3 and C4 may be the sensitive biomarkers of MBD.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Complement C3 , Metabolism , Complement C4 , Metabolism , Femur Neck , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate endoscopic features of early gastric cancer and clinical features of the patients, which may be helpful to provide reasonable suggestions for physicians to diagnose early gastric cancer during preliminary screening of white light gastroscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 271 patients who received endoscopic submucosal dissection or surgical operation to confirm early gastric cancer in Peking University Third Hospital from Apr. 2009 to Jun. 2017 were included for the retrospective review. Clinical information was collected, including gender, age, symptoms, family history and physical examination. The endoscopic characteristics of lesions under white light endoscopy were analyzed, including endoscopic long diameter, location, texture, spontaneous bleeding, mucosal color and morphology. The pathologic long diameter, infiltration depth and differentiation degree of early gastric cancer were also summarized.@*RESULTS@#The study included 271 patients and 279 lesions. Among the 271 cases, 190 were male, 81 were female, average age was (63.7±12.4) years. There were 88 cases (32.5%) and 61 cases (22.5%) with the symptom of abdominal pain and discomfort respectively. The patients with family history of gastric cancer were 20 (7.4%). Abdominal physical examinations of the patients were mostly normal, accounting for 86.0% (233/271). Total detection rate of helicobacter pylori (HP) was 34.2% (79/231), with the highest rate 45.5% (10/22) in 2011 and the lowest rate 28.1% (9/32) in 2014. Among the 279 lesions, the mean endoscopic long diameter was (2.01±1.20) cm. The lesions were mainly single, accounting for 97.0% (263/271). There were 114 cases (40.9%), 62 cases (22.2%), 54 cases (19.4%) in the antrum, angular sulcus and cardia of stomach respectively. The lesions were mostly fragile, accounting for 45.5% (56/123). Most lesions had spontaneous bleeding, accounting for 52.3% (146/279). The mucosal color was mostly normal, accounting for 72.8% (203/279). The most common macroscopic morphology was IIa+IIc type (100 cases, 35.8%) and the lesions usually had mucous membrane damage like erosion and shallow ulcer (127 cases,45.5%). Among the 279 lesions, the mean pathologic long diameter was (2.05±1.48) cm. Intramucosal carcinoma accounted for 61.6% (172/279) and moderate differentiated gastric cancers accounted for 52.8% (131/248).@*CONCLUSION@#In order to improve diagnosis of early gastric cancer,superficial elevation and depression of flat lesions as well as mucous membrane damage under white light endoscopy should be taken notice.


Subject(s)
Aged , Early Detection of Cancer , Endoscopy , Female , Gastric Mucosa , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800507

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a novel stress-induced depression model by changing the lighting conditions and continuously damping cushion (L-D).@*Methods@#The L-D stress depression animal model was established in C57BL / 6 mice with body weight of 18-22 g. Seventy-five mice with the horizontal and vertical scores higher than 30 and less than 120 in open field test were employed.In the research of model construction, mice were randomly divided into three groups: control group (n=9), chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) model group (n=10) and L-D model group (n=9). In the drug intervention experiments, mice were randomly divided into five groups: control group (n=9), chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) model group (n=10), L-D model group (n=9), CUMS+ fluoxetine group (n=10) and L-D model+ fluoxetine group (n=9). Open field test, forced swimming test and sucrose preference test were used to evaluate the degree of depression in animals.@*Results@#(1) In the open field test, the horizontal score of CUMS model group (67.20±5.81) and the L-D model group (52.56±19.05) were significantly lower than that of the control group (76.44±9.22) (t=2.645, t=3.387, both P<0.05). And horizontal score of the L-D model was significantly lower than that of the CUMS model (t=2.321, both P<0.05). In forced swimming experiment, compared with the control group ((39.67±21.12)s), the immobility time of the CUMS model group ((60.90±10.34)s) and the L-D model group ((74.89±16.10)s) were significantly prolonged (t=2.831, 3.979, both P<0.05). The immobility time of the L-D model group was also significantly higher than that of the CUMS model group (t=2.278, P<0.05). In the sucrose preference experiment, the percentage of sucrose preference in CUMS model group ((72±7)%) and L-D model group ((65±5)%) was lower than that in the control group ((81±12)%) (t=2.195, 3.875, both P<0.05). The percentage of sucrose preference of L-D model group was significantly higher than that of CUMS model group (t=2.286, P<0.05). (2) After intervention with antidepressants, the horizontal scores of the CUMS model group (65.60±6.43) and the L-D model group (54.33±14.67) were significantly lower than that of the control group (75.78±8.27) in open field test (t=3.011, t=3.861, both P<0.05), and the score of L-D group was lower than that of CUMS group(t=2.235, P<0.05). The vertical score of the L-D model group (33.44±4.54) was significantly lower than that of the control group (39.22±5.56) (t=2.553, P<0.05). There was significant increase in the level score and vertical score of CUMS model and L-D model after fluoxetine intervention (t=3.090, t=2.692, both P<0.05), and significant twist in the vertical score of CUMS model and L-D model (t=2.681, t=2.354; both P<0.05). In the forced swimming experiment, the immobility time of the L-D model((64.11±13.06)s) was significantly longer than that of the control group ((42.00±13.77)s) (t=3.494, P<0.05). The immobility time of CUMS model and L-D model mice was significantly longer than that of non-intervention group (t=2.137, 2.940, both P<0.05). After the intervention of fluoxetine, there was no significant difference between the CUMS group, L-D group, the control group(all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Changing the lighting conditions and continuously damping cushion is a new method to establish mice model with depression behavior.Shorter modeling duration and simple operation are the main advantages of this model.

8.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4812-4815,4823, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of Akt signaling pathway in the regulation of breast cancer bone metastasis induced pain behavior in rat.Methods:Model rats were randomly divided into three groups:Model group,Model+GSK690693 group and Model+ Saline group.On PID 13,14 and 21,Model+GSK690693 group rats were intrathecally injected with GSK690693,a specific inhibitor of Akt.Model+Saline group were injected with saline instead.The pain related behaviors were respectively recorded on PID 0,7,14 and 21.The expression ofp-Akt in DRG used for western bloting were examed on PID 21.Results:After the injection of Akt specific inhibitor GSK690693 by intrathecal,In the Model+GSK690693 group,the threshold value of mechanical contraction reflex was increased,the spontaneous pain behavior and the expression of p-Akt in DRG decreased.On PID 14 d and 21 d,the pain behavior of rats in Model+GSK690693 group was significantly different from that of Model+Saline group and Model group (P<0.01);On PID 21 d,There was significant statistical significance (P<0.01) on the expression of p-Akt and Model in the ipsilateral Model+GSK690693 of DRG group,which was statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with the Model+Saline group.Conclusion:Intrathecal injection of Akt specific inhibitor GSK690693 inhibits rat pain related behaviors induced by bone metastasis in rat breast cancer.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2097-2100, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the quality standard for the leaves of Nauclea officinalis. METHODS:Microscopic identi-fication and TLC methods were used for qualitative identification of N. officinalis. The moisture and ash of medicinal materials were determined. HPLC method was adopted to determine the content of strictosamide in medicinal materials. The determination was per-formed on Lichrospher C18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution(gradient elution)at the flow rate of 1 mL/min,injection volume was 10 μL. The detection wavelength was set at 226 nm,and the column temperature was 30 ℃. RESULTS:Microscopic identification of the leaves of N. officinalis had strong characteristics,and TLC sports were clear and well-separated without interference from negative control. The linear range of strictosamide were 0.0105-0.21 mg/mL(r=0.9995);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2.0%. Average recoveries were 96.25-101.82%(RSD=1.86%,n=9). Total ash of medicinal materials was 5.27%-6.44%,acid insoluble ash was 0.23%-0.36%,water content was 9.48%-11.46%,strictosamide was 0.124%-1.003%. CONCLUSIONS:Established standard can be used for quality evaluation of N. officinalis.

10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 343-346, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812762

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical effect of embedding sutures of single inner- and outer-prepuce flap in the treatment of concealed penis.@*METHODS@#This retrospective analysis included 37 cases of concealed penis treated by embedding sutures of single inner- and outer-prepuce flap between July 2011 and May 2015. Catheters were pulled out from the patients within 24 hours and the dressing removed about 1 week after surgery. All the patients were followed up for 12-24 months postoperatively for evaluation of the long-term outcomes of surgery.@*RESULTS@#One-stage wound healing was achieved in all the patients. No foreskin flap necrosis, inflammation, edema, voiding dysfunction, or painful erection was found during the follow-up. The penises were extended by 2-4 cm. No complications were observed axcept 8 cases of mild prepuce edema, which all subsided with 6 months postoperatively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Embedding sutures of single inner- and outer-prepuce flap, with the advantages of simple operation, rapid recovery and few complications, is a desirable surgical option for the treatment of concealed penis.


Subject(s)
Foreskin , Humans , Male , Penile Diseases , General Surgery , Penis , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Pathology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Flaps , Pathology , Transplantation , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Methods , Wound Healing
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275438

ABSTRACT

To study Ginkgo biloba leaves in different producing area, we establish an HPLC method for the simultaneously determination of seven flavonoids glycosides and four biflavonoids in G. biloba leaves. The analysis was performed on an Agilent ZORBAX SB-C₁₈ column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) wich acetonitrile, and 0.4% phosphoric acid as mobile phase at flow rate of 1 mL•min⁻¹ in a gradient edution, and the detection was carried out at 254 nm.The calibration curves of the seven flavonoids glycosides and four biflavonoids had a good linearitiy with good recoveries. The established HPLC method is simple, rapid, accurate, reliable, and sensitive, and can be applied to the identification and quality control of G. biloba leaves.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of diterpene ginkgolides meglumine injection (DGMI) against oxidative stress induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in SH-SY5Y cells. METHODS SH-SY5Y cells were divided into five groups: normal control, model control (OGD group) and drug(25 mg · L- 1) administration groups including DGMI group, extract of ginkgo biloba leaves injection group (EGBLI) and lactones ginkgo biloba injection group (LGBI). The cells suffered from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) for 4 h, followed by reoxygenation with drugs for 6 h. Then, cell viabilities were detect using CCK-8 assays, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels using fluorescence probe DCFH-DA and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities using WST-1 test. Western blotting was used to detected protein levels of hemeoxygenase-1(HO-1), NAD(P)H, quinone oxidore?ductase l (Nqo1), protein kinase B (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), nuclear factor-E2-related factor2 (Nrf2) and phosphorylated Nrf2 (p-Nrf2). The cells were induced by OGD for 4 h, followed by reoxygen?ation and DGMI for 1 h, combined with different concentrations of PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) (at the final concentration of 12.5, 25 and 50 μmol · L-1) before the protein levels of AKT, p-AKT, Nrf2 and p-Nrf2 were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS SH-SY5Y cells induced by OGD for 4 h resulted in an increase in ROS(P<0.01), but a decrease in cell viabilities(P<0.01), SOD activities(P<0.01), and antioxidant protein levels ( Akt, p-Akt, Nrf2, p-Nrf2, HO-1 and Nqo1) (P<0.01). Compared with OGD group, treatment with reoxygenation and drugs (DGMI,EGBLI and LGBI respectively) for 6 h resulted in a decrease in ROS (P<0.01), but an increase in cell viabilities, SOD activities and antioxidant protein levels of p-Nrf2, HO-1, Nqo1 and p-Akt(P<0.05,P<0.01). DGMI group showed the best efficiently. Moreover, after OGD for 4 h, compared with DGMI group, combining reoxygenation and DGMI with LY294002 for 1 h resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of the protein levels of p-AKT and p-Nrf2(P<0.01). CONCLUSION DGMI 25 mg · L-1 can inhibit oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells induced by OGD by increasing the activity and expression of Nrf2 through PI3K/Akt pathway, which may be one of the mechanisms by which DGMI protects neurons from stroke.

13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 298-302, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842747

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using autologous vein graft and platelet-derived growth factors to bridge transected cavernous nerve in a rat model. A short defect in the bilateral cavernous nerve was created and repaired with vein graft from the right jugular vein or vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors. The 32 rats were divided into four groups, namely Group 1 - no repair as a negative control, Group 2 - vein graft alone, Group 3 - vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors, and Group 4 - sham operation as a positive control. We evaluated nerve regeneration and functional recovery using retrograde tracing study with FluoroGold, Toluidine blue staining of cavernous nerve, and the intracavernous pressure at 3 months. Three months after surgery, rich FluoroGold-positive cells were observed in the sham and vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors group, but very few were found in the no repair group. The number of myelinated axons of regenerated cavernous nerve and intracavernous pressure were increased obviously in the two vein graft groups, especially in the vein graft plus platelet-derived growth factors group. These findings confirm the feasibility of using autologous vein as guides for cavernous nerve regeneration, and the regeneration can be further enhanced when the vein is filled with platelet-derived growth factors.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812113

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the chemical constituents of the whole herb of Dichrocephala benthamii. A new megastigmane glucoside (compound 1), together with its four known analogues (compounds 2-5), was obtained. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, MS, and 1D and 2D NMR). The absolute configuration of compound 1 was assigned on the basis of CD method and chemical evidence. In addition, their cytotoxicity against human hepatoma cells (HepG-2) was evaluated by the MTT method. Compound 5 showed weak activity against HepG-2, while the other compounds did not show remarkable inhibitory effects.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Asteraceae , Chemistry , China , Cyclohexanones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Molecular Structure , Norisoprenoids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256076

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to develop a simple, sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the determination of syringaresinol, N-trans-feruloyltyramine, chelerythrine chloride, sinomenine, coptisine chloride, sanguinarine, chelidonine, magnolflorine, allocryptopine, protopine, farrerol, stylopine and dihydrosanguin-arine in Tong'an injection (TAI), which could be used for the quality control of TAI. The UPLC analysis was performed on Agilent Zorbax SB-Aq column (2.1 mm×150 mm,3.5 μm), with 0.1% formic acid solution (A) -acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0.01-2 min, 5%B; 2-8 min, 5%-30%B; 8-11 min, 30%-95%B; 11-13 min, 95%B; 13-13.1 min, 95%-5%B; 13.1-14 min, 5%B). The flow rate was 0.5 mL•min⁻¹, and the column temperature was 25 ℃; multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) was performed in electrospray ion source positive ion mode for quantitative determination. The calibration curves for the above thirteen compounds showed good linear relationship in corresponding mass concentration range (r>0.999 0). The average recovery rate of the compounds ranged from 95.70% to 104.8%, with RSD of less than 1.9%. The contents of thirteen active components in 10 batches of TAI were 0.021 2-0.029 0, 0.001 7-0.002 3, 0.000 9-0.001 3, 5.952-6.205 2, 0.195 4-0.240 5, 0.002 0-0.002 9, 0.693-0.798 2, 0.069 3-0.078 2, 0.089 29-0.102 9, 0.386 5-0.420 1, 0.014 3-0.015 9, 0.755 3-0.842 1, and 0.008 2-0.011 2 g•L⁻¹ respectively. Methodology validation proved that this method was simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate, which can be used to provide reference for the comprehensive evaluation of TAI quality. The determination results of 10 batches of TAI showed the content of each batch had no significant difference. The results may provide a basis for the quality control of TAI.

18.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 804-806, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503679

ABSTRACT

Through several years of exploration in Shanghai Chongming region, the team from Chongming Branch of Xinhua Hospital has established the initial multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model of cancer pain, which includes the department of oncology, anesthesiology, pain, rehabilitation, psychology and so forth. By means of medical informationization, they take cancer pain management as the starting point and have initially real-ized a new model of the real-time assessment and treatment of cancer pain, which has helped patients effectively reduce the physical and psychological suffering, improved the quality of life, developed a healthy self-manage-ment of patients, and has reference significance to palliative care.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484806

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Fractures can induce bone cel hypoxia, and remarkably reduce the oxygen tension in cels. Hypoxia-inducible factor-2α is a key oxygen-dependent transcriptional activator to regulate the body function under hypoxia and mediate the release of various inflammatory factors after fractures. OBJECTIVE:To explore the role of Laquinimod in expression and function of hypoxia-inducible factor-2αin osteoblasts. METHODS: Mouse osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 (clone 14) were pretreated with Laquinimod at various concentrations(10-100μmol/L) before hypoxia in the presence or absence of specific proteasome inhibitors MG132 or N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucine. Then, the media were pre-conditioned in 1% or 21% oxygen tension for 1 to 24 hours. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Under hypoxia, the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α in osteoblasts was increased remarkably, and Laquinimod could inhibit the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and its target genes in mouse MC3T3-E1 cels. Mechanisticaly, Laquinimod promoted hypoxia-inducible factor-2α degradation in a proteasome-dependent but von Hippel-Lindau protein-independent manner. Importantly, we found that Laquinimod disrupted the interaction between hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and its chaperone heat shock protein 90, but promoted the interaction between hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and the receptor of activated protein kinase C. These findings suggest that Laquinimod may promote the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α by affecting its folding and maturation. Laquinimod is a novel inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α by changing its functional interaction with chaperone proteins heat shock protein 90 and receptor of activated protein kinase C.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812447

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to determine the relationships between the performance of ethanol precipitation and seven process parameters in the ethanol precipitation process of Re Du Ning Injections, including concentrate density, concentrate temperature, ethanol content, flow rate and stir rate in the addition of ethanol, precipitation time, and precipitation temperature. Under the experimental and simulated production conditions, a series of precipitated resultants were prepared by changing these variables one by one, and then examined by HPLC fingerprint analyses. Different from the traditional evaluation model based on single or a few constituents, the fingerprint data of every parameter fluctuation test was processed with Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to comprehensively assess the performance of ethanol precipitation. Our results showed that concentrate density, ethanol content, and precipitation time were the most important parameters that influence the recovery of active compounds in precipitation resultants. The present study would provide some reference for pharmaceutical scientists engaged in research on pharmaceutical process optimization and help pharmaceutical enterprises adapt a scientific and reasonable cost-effective approach to ensure the batch-to-batch quality consistency of the final products.


Subject(s)
Chemical Precipitation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ethanol , Injections , Principal Component Analysis
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