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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928035

ABSTRACT

The discovery and identification of effective components are pivotal in the research on Chinese medicinal prescriptions. Given two basic conditions for effective components in Chinese medicinal prescriptions, i.e., active structure and a certain level of drug exposure in the body(including the intestine), a "six-step strategy" for the effective compounds in Chinese medicinal prescriptions based on in vitro-in vivo integration(SSS for short) has been proposed and established, as well as the key technologies. SSS contains qualitative and quantitative analyses of components in five steps, including those in Chinese medicinal extract, intestinal contents, portal vein blood, liver, and peripheral blood. The components(prototype components and metabolites) with a certain exposure level(including in the intestine) and those with large differences between in vitro content and in vivo exposure or in exposure among various parts in the body are selected as the minority prioritized candidates. The sixth step is to screen the pharmacological activity of candidate components specifically extracted from Chinese medicinal materials or artificially synthesized. SSS can significantly narrow the screening range, enhance the hit rate, and speed up the identification of effective components specifically targeting indications. Based on the effective components identified by the SSS, the "upstream" can be linked(mechanism research based on the effective components with clear structures) and the "downstream" can be combined(development of innovative component-based Chinese medicine with definite pharmacodynamic composition). In this study, the concept of component-based Chinese medicine and specific applications of SSS in the development of component-based Chinese medicine are also introduced.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 333-346, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888732

ABSTRACT

RNA viruses cause a multitude of human diseases, including several pandemic events in the past century. Upon viral invasion, the innate immune system responds rapidly and plays a key role in activating the adaptive immune system. In the innate immune system, the interactions between pathogen-associated molecular patterns and host pattern recognition receptors activate multiple signaling pathways in immune cells and induce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and interferons to elicit antiviral responses. Macrophages, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells are the principal innate immune components that exert antiviral activities. In this review, the current understanding of innate immunity contributing to the restriction of RNA viral infections was briefly summarized. Besides the main role of immune cells in combating viral infection, the intercellular transfer of pathogen and host-derived materials and their epigenetic and metabolic interactions associated with innate immunity was discussed. This knowledge provides an enhanced understanding of the innate immune response to RNA viral infections in general and aids in the preparation for the existing and next emerging viral infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Interferons , RNA , RNA Viruses , Virus Diseases
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906167

ABSTRACT

At present, the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer in China are 10.26% and 12.45%, ranking the second and third places, respectively, in the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in China. Cancer often goes through three stages: precancerous lesions, carcinoma in situ, and invasive carcinoma. It is of great significance to advance cancer prevention and control to the stage of precancerous lesions. The popularization of digestive endoscopy-assisted diagnosis and treatment has enabled the timely diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer and severe dysplasia. However, the endoscopic mucosal resection is not suitable for most precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC), and the effective drugs are not available. The long-term clinical dynamic monitoring has imposed considerable physical and mental burdens on patients. Gastrointestinal microenvironment is a dynamic balance system composed of gastrointestinal flora, chemical barrier, mechanical barrier, immune barrier, and gastrointestinal nerves. The imbalance of gastric microenvironment has been proved to be the key mechanism of PLGC. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), PLGC is a result of long-term interaction between deficient healthy Qi and excessive pathogens. In syndrome differentiation and treatment, PLGC is often believed to be developed from chronic gastritis. Besides, the inflammation-cancer transformation model put forward by Correa and the evolution of its TCM pathogenesis are also considered. Guided by the basic treatment principle of reinforcing healthy Qi to eliminate pathogenic factors, we determined the basic therapeutic methods as follows: invigorating spleen, clearing heat, and resolving dampness. At the same time, such methods as soothing liver and regulating Qi, resolving phlegm and dissipating mass, activating blood and resolving stasis, clearing heat and removing toxin, and tonifying deficiency can be combined based on the results of syndrome differentiation. After discussing the correlation between the imbalance of gastric microenvironment and PLGC and summarizing TCM intervention methods and mechanisms against PLGC from the perspective of gastric microenvironment regulation, this paper believed that TCM improved the gastric microenvironment by regulating the disorder of gastric flora, eliminating the gastric mucosal inflammation, and relieving the abnormal immune response, thereby preventing and controlling the PLGC.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 514-521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of intermittent infusion of ilaprazole sodium and high-dose continuous infusion of esomeprazole sodium in preventing rebleeding in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding after successful endoscopic hemostasis.Methods:This is a multi-center, interval randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel controlled study. From March 3rd to June 15th, 2021, 151 patients with high risk of peptic ulcer bleeding and successfully underwent endoscopic hemostasis from 33 hospitals including the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine were enrolled. Patients were interval randomly divided into the trial group (74 cases) and the control group (77 cases). Patients in the trial group received intermittent intravenous infusion of ilaprazole sodium once daily (20 mg administered as a 60 min intravenous infusion on day 1, and 10 mg administered as a 30 min intravenous infusion on day 2 and 3); patients in the control group received continuous intravenous infusion of esomeprazole sodium for 72 h (esomeprazole sodium 80 mg at first dose in half an hour, and 8 mg per hour continuous intravenous infusion for 71.5 h). After intravenous infusion treatment, patients of both groups were given oral ilaprazole enteric-coated tablets, 10 mg each time, once a day for 4 d. The rebleeding rate after 72 h and within 7 d after treatment and the proportion of patients who received endoscopic retreatment or surgery due to rebleeding within 72 h after treatment were analysised based on the full analysis set (72 cases in the trial group and 75 cases in the control group); and the incidence rate of adverse reactions was observed in the two groups based on the safety analysis set (74 cases in the trial group and 76 cases in the control group). Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability test was used for statistical analysis.Results:There was no rebleeding case in the trial group within 72 h and 1 case of rebleeding within 7 d (1.39%, 1/72). In the control group, there was 1 case of rebleeding (1.33%, 1/75) within 72 h and 4 cases of rebleeding (5.33%, 4/75) within 7 d. There was no significant difference in rebleeding rate either after 72 h or within 7 d after treatment between the two groups (both P>0.05). Within 72 h of treatment, no patients in both groups needed endoscopic or surgical retreatment due to rebleeding. Adverse reactions occurred in 5 cases (6.8%, 5/74) and 6 cases (7.9%, 6/76) in the trial group and control group, respectively, which recovered spontaneously without treatment. No serious adverse reactions occurred in both groups. Conclusion:In patients with high-risk peptic ulcer bleeding with successful endoscopic hemostasis, intermittent intravenous infusion of ilaprazole sodium has similar efficacy and safety as continuous high-dose intravenous infusion of esomeprazole sodium, but the dosage of intermitten regimen is less, the administration is more convenient, and it is worthy of clinical promotion.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880751

ABSTRACT

To overcome the computational burden of processing three-dimensional (3D) medical scans and the lack of spatial information in two-dimensional (2D) medical scans, a novel segmentation method was proposed that integrates the segmentation results of three densely connected 2D convolutional neural networks (2D-CNNs). In order to combine the low-level features and high-level features, we added densely connected blocks in the network structure design so that the low-level features will not be missed as the network layer increases during the learning process. Further, in order to resolve the problems of the blurred boundary of the glioma edema area, we superimposed and fused the T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) modal image and the T2-weighted (T2) modal image to enhance the edema section. For the loss function of network training, we improved the cross-entropy loss function to effectively avoid network over-fitting. On the Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation Challenge (BraTS) datasets, our method achieves dice similarity coefficient values of 0.84, 0.82, and 0.83 on the BraTS2018 training; 0.82, 0.85, and 0.83 on the BraTS2018 validation; and 0.81, 0.78, and 0.83 on the BraTS2013 testing in terms of whole tumors, tumor cores, and enhancing cores, respectively. Experimental results showed that the proposed method achieved promising accuracy and fast processing, demonstrating good potential for clinical medicine.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870684

ABSTRACT

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is common in middle aged and old population, while it is not rare in young people. Besides traditional risk factors for coronary atherosclerostic disease, it is also necessary to search for relatively rare causes for young patients with ACS.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric kidney transplantations at a single center and discuss the related clinical issues.Methods:From January 1990 to October 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 244 pediatric renal transplants. The youngest recipient was aged 1.8 years and the median age of pediatric recipients was 12.2 years. The major disease was primary or hereditary glomerulonephritis ( n=160, 69.0%), congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), cystic renopathy and other hereditary nephropathies ( n=55, 23.7%). The donor sources included traditional deceased donor ( n=42, 17.2%), living-related donor ( n=19, 7.8%) and organ donation ( n=183, 75.0%). The median age of donors was 2 years (0-51) and the median weight 12.0(2.7-72.0) kg. From January 2013 to October 2019, 170 cases), the major induction immunosuppression regimen was anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) ( n=110, 64.7%) or basiliximab ( n=58, 34.1%). The maintenance regimen was tacrolimus + mycophenolic acid (MPA) + glucocorticosteroids. Finally the outcomes and the complications were analyzed. Results:The survival rates of 244 kidney allograft recipients were 98.1%, 94.5% and 93.4% and the graft survival rates 92.6%, 84.2% and 82.0% at 1/3/5 years respectively. Ten recipients died of accident ( n=2, 20.0%), pneumonia after transplantation ( n=2, 20.0%) and intracranial hemorrhage ( n=2, 20.0%). Thirty-three recipients lost their allografts mainly due to intravascular thrombosis in graft ( n=5, 14.3%), acute rejection ( n=5, 14.3%) and death ( n=9, 25.7%). Besides, among 109 deceased donor allograft recipients, the postoperative outcomes were delayed graft function recovery (DGF) ( n=27, 24.8%), arterial thrombosis ( n=6, 5.5%), venous thrombosis ( n=1, 0.9%), graft perirenal hematoma ( n=6, 5.5%), raft artery stenosis ( n=10, 9.2%) and graft ureteral fistula ( n=1, 0.9%). The incidence of acute rejection was 17.5% and 23.2% at 1/3 year respectively. The recurrent rate of primary disease was 6.9%, including primary FSGS ( n=3, 42.9%) and IgA nephropathy ( n=2, 28.6%). At 1/3 year post-operation, the incidence of pulmonary infection was 16.9% and 22.4% and the incidence of urinary tract infection 26.9% and 31.7%. Excluding recipients with graft failure, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1/2/3 year postoperatively was (80.3±25.2), (81.4±27.8) and (71.8±27.6) ml/(min·1.73 m 2)respectively. Conclusions:The outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations are excellent at our center. Future efforts shall be devoted to optimizing the strategies of donor kidney selection and strengthening preoperative evaluations, perioperative and postoperative managements for improving the long-term outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in the differential diagnosis of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) in renal transplantation recipients.Methods:From 2014 to 2018, a total of 172 renal transplant recipients were recruited. Their peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were detected. According to the pathological puncture results of transplanted kidney, they were divided into acute rejection group (AR, n=68), BKVN group ( n=73) and stable graft function group (STA, n=31). The proportion and absolute number of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group were measured by flow cytometry and the proportion and absolute count of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group compared. Results:The proportion and absolute number of CD19 + B cells were markedly lower in BKVN group than those in AR group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 13.2%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.202×10 9/L) and STA group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 14.8%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.198×10 9/L); the proportion of CD3 + CD8 + T cells was significantly higher in BKVN group than that in AR group ( P=0.013; 36.9% vs 31.2%). In addition, no obvious difference existed in the proportion and absolute number of lymphocytes, CD3 + T, CD3 + CD4 + T and CD16 + CD56 + natural killer (NK) among three groups ( P>0.05). No obvious difference existed in the proportion of CD3 + CD4 + / CD3 + CD8 + T cells among three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:No difference exists in T cell-related lymphocyte subsets between BKVN and acute rejection recipients. However, the number and proportion of CD19 + B cells decrease markedly in BKVN.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of shear wave elastography imaging(SWE) in the diagnosis of renal allograft fibrosis and analyze its advantages and limitations.Methods:The renal allograft of 61 patients who underwent renal allograft biopsy from June 2019 to April 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were included in this study. According to the Banff classification, there were 51 patients with mild-degree fibration(interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy, IFTA 0-Ⅰ), and 29 patients with moderate or severe-degree fibration(IFTA Ⅱ-Ⅲ). Two-dimensional ultrasound, color Doppler flow imaging, SWE and kidney function test performed. All the results were compared between the two groups. Diagnostic performance was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve using pathology as gold standard. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated for the diagnosis of moderate or severe-degree fibration.Results:Compared to mild-degree fibration group, creatinine( P<0.001), glomerular filtration rate( P<0.001), RI of arcuate arteries( P=0.022) and SWE value( P<0.001) significantly increased in the moderate or severe-degree fibration group. There were significant correlations between IFTA and creatinine ( r s=0.488, P<0.001), glomerular filtration rate ( r s=-0.452, P<0.001), RI of arcuate arteries( r s=0.228, P=0.042), SWE value( r s=0.584, P<0.001). Taking the cutoff value of SWE value deduced by ROC curve as 21.7 kPa, the area under ROC curve was 0.827. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 86.2%, 74.5%, 61.0% and 89.7%, respectively. Conclusions:There is a good correlation between the SWE value and the degree of fibrosis in the transplanted kidney. SWE can be used to distinguish mild from moderate or severe fibrosis of renal allograft, providing a potential noninvasive method for the assessment of kidney allograft fibration.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 389-393, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the driver mutations in patients with classical myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and their relationships with clinical characteristics.Methods:The clinical data of 186 patients with classical MPN in the Affiliated Yuebei People's Hospital of Shantou University Medical College from January 2013 to October 2019 who met the World Health Organization 2016 MPN diagnostic criteria were retrospectively analyzed. The mutations of diver genes JAK2, CALR and MPL and clinical characteristics, such as white blood cell count, hemoglobin, and platelet count in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) were analyzed.Results:Among the 186 MPN patients, 100 were male and 86 were female, with a median age of onset of 62.0 years old (24.0-93.0 years old). There were 125 patients (67.20%) with ET, 44 patients (23.66%) with PV, and 17 patients (9.14%) with PMF. The JAK2V617F mutation was found in 133 patients (71.51%, 133/186). The JAK2V617F mutation rates in patients with ET, PV and PMF were 66.40% (83/125), 88.64% (39/44) and 64.71% (11/17), respectively. Two patients (1.08%, 2/186) with PV were found with JAK2 exon 12 mutation. The CALR exon 9 mutation was found in 32 patients (17.20%, 32/186), with the CALR mutation rates of 24.00% (30/125), 0 and 11.76% (2/17) in patients with ET, PV and PMF, respectively. The MPL exon 10 mutation was found in one ET patient (0.54%, 1/186). CALR mutated ET patients showed higher platelet count [(1 155±537)×10 9/L vs. (997±330)×10 9/L, t = -2.095, P = 0.038], and lower leukocyte count ( t = 2.434, P = 0.017) and hemoglobin ( t = 3.087, P = 0.003) than JAK2V617F mutated ET patients. Two cases of MPN had rare concurrent driver mutations, of which one ET patient with JAK2V617F and CALR mutations and one PMF patient with JAK2V617F and MPLW515L mutations. Conclusions:The detection result of driver mutations is an important basis for precision health care for MPN. Different types of MPN have different detection rates of driver mutations, which are of great significances for judging the clinical characteristics of patients.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 33-40, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#BK polyomavirus (BKPyV)-associated nephropathy (BKPyVAN) is an important cause of dysfunction and failure of renal transplants. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of morning urine specific gravity (MUSG) in diagnosing BKPyVAN in kidney transplant recipients.@*METHODS@#A total of 87 patients, including 27 with BKPyVAN, 22 with isolated BKPyV viruria, 18 with T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR), and 20 with stable graft function, were enrolled in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from March 2015 to February 2017. MUSG at biopsy and during a follow-up period of 24 months after biopsy was collected and analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the ability of MUSG to discriminate BKPyVAN.@*RESULTS@#At biopsy, the MUSG of BKPyVAN group (1.008 ± 0.003) was significantly lower than that of isolated BK viruria group (1.013 ± 0.004, P < 0.001), TCMR group (1.011 ± 0.003, P = 0.027), and control group (1.014 ± 0.006, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in MUSG among the isolated BK viruria group, TCMR group, and control group (P = 0.253). In BKPyVAN group, the timing and trend of MUSG elevate were consistent with the timing and trend of the decline of viral load in urine and plasma, reaching a statistical difference at 3 months after treatment (1.012 ± 0.003, P < 0.001) compared with values at diagnosis. ROC analysis indicated that the optimal cut-off value of MUSG for diagnosis of BKPyVAN was 1.009, with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.803 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.721-0.937). For differentiating BKPyVAN and TCMR, the optimal MUSG cut-off value was 1.010, with an AUC of 0.811 (95% CI: 0.687-0.934).@*CONCLUSION@#Combined detection of MUSG and BKPyV viruria is valuable for predicting BKPyVAN and distinguishing BKPyVAN from TCMR in renal transplant recipients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805434

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the metabolic patterns of 11C-2-beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (CFT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in patients with tremor and non-tremor Parkinson′s disease (PD).@*Methods@#From March 2018 to March 2019, 28 PD patients (19 tremor patients: 14 males and 5 females, age: (59.9±11.4) years; 9 non-tremor patients: 3 males and 6 females, age: (62.6±9.0) years) were enrolled. For the two groups, the 11C-CFT uptake values in caudate nucleus, anterior putamen and posterior putamen as well as 18F-FDG uptake values in all brain regions were calculated by regions of interest (ROI) method. Two-sample t test or Mann-Whitney u test were used to analyze the data.@*Results@#Caudate nucleus 11C-CFT uptake in PD patients with tremor was higher than that without tremor (3.03±0.51 vs 2.60±0.62; t=2.687, P<0.05). Yet thalamus glucose uptake of non-tremor PD patients showed more active than tremor patients (1.14±0.05 vs 1.10±0.03; t=3.449, P<0.01). Sorted by modified Hoehn-Yahr stage, tremor patients in advanced stage (stage≥2.5) were characterized by glucose uptake increase in the putamen and cerebellum compared with non-tremor advanced group (1.27±0.04 vs 1.21±0.05, 0.94±0.04 vs 0.86±0.08; t values: 2.695 and 2.492, both P<0.05). Metabolic decrease in the premotor areas was observed in tremor patients in advanced stage compared with early stage (1.07±0.02 vs 1.10±0.03; t=2.053, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#11C-CFT and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging can indicate different metabolic patterns between tremor and non-tremor PD, thus providing information for clinical practice and differential diagnosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 844-848, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801330

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the alterations of the cerebral resting-state spontaneous neural activity in colorectal cancer patients with depressive symptoms.@*Methods@#Thirty-three colorectal cancer patients (patient group) with depression and 43 healthy subjects (control group) underwent the resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) and fractional ALFF (fALFF) were calculated. Two independent samples t test were used to compare the ALFF and fALFF values between two groups by DPABI software, and then correlation analysis was performed between ALFF and fALFF with statistical significance and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scores.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, the patient group showed significantly lower ALFF and fALFF values in the bilateral precuneus, calcarine gyrus, lingual gyrus, left cuneus, superior, middle, inferior occipital gyrus and right fusiform gyrus (t=-5.730, P<0.05; t=-4.872, P<0.05). There were no significant correlations between the ALFF and fALFF values in these regions and PHQ-9 or GAD-7 scores (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Spontaneous decrease of neural activity in occipital and parietal lobes exists in colorectal cancer patients with depression at resting-sate, which may be a potential neurobiological marker.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts. The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively. Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia. Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity. One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE). Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Yet it had no effect on graft function. The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy. Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary, glomerular sclerosis, mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy.@*Results@#During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation, two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively. With long-term dietary control and drug therapy, regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation.@*Conclusions@#LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts. And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence. Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791860

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts .Methods Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts . The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively . Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia .Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity .One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE) . Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) . Yet it had no effect on graft function .The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy .Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary ,glomerular sclerosis , mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy .Results During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation , two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively .With long-term dietary control and drug therapy , regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation .Conclusions LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts .And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence .Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791840

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the strategies of desensitization treatment for ABO incompatible (ABOi) related living-donor kidney transplantation .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 14 recipients undergoing ABOi related living kidney transplantation from July 2015 to December 2018 .The clinical outcomes and expenditures of desensitization treatment before and after optimizing desensitization were compared .Results After desensitization treatment , 14 recipients successfully underwent ABOi-kidney transplantation . Within 2 weeks post-transplantation , blood group antibody rebounded to 1:64 in only 1 recipient .Within 1 week post-transplantation ,the serum creatinine levels decreased to 85-165 μmol/L in 14 recipients .Thirteen patients stabilized after 1 week while another patient had an elevated level of serum creatinine at Day 12 post-operation and renal allograft function recovered after treatment . Two cases of rejection were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and 1 case was confirmed by pathological biopsy . Five cases of programmed renal allograft biopsy indicated critical or suspected acute T-lymphocytic rejection within 1 year .Thirteen cases (92 .6% ) demonstrated varying degrees of peritubular capillary deposition of C 4d .One case developed BK viral uropathy within 1 year and four patients of pulmonary infections requiring hospitalization were cured after treatment . During an early stage , the incidence of postoperative infection was 57 .14% and declined to 14 .29% after optimized desensitization .The expenditure of early desensitization treatment was (27004 .86 ± 10719 .85) yuan and (10612 .29 ± 8143 .05) yuan after optimization .And the expenditure of optimized desensitization was significantly lowered (P<0 .05) . During follow-ups ,renal allograft function of 14 recipients remained decent .And the survival rate of recipient/allograft was 100% up to the statistical cut-off point .Conclusions Both desensitization strategies may achieve the goal of desensitization for ABOi kidney transplantation and the outcomes are excellent .The expenditure of desensitization treatment is significantly lowered after optimization .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745460

ABSTRACT

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is recognized as a central driver for many malignant tumor behaviors.Detection of EMT plays the pivotal role in early prediction of tumor metastasis and therapy resistance,as well as in evaluation of targeting EMT to reverse chemoresistance.Nowadays,the major way to distinguish EMT mainly depends on examination of molecular biomarkers of acquired tumor tissues or cells.18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET imaging,which reflects the glucose metabolism,has emerged as a potential method to diagnose and govern EMT.This review summarizes the recent advances in theoretical research and clinical application of 18F-FDG PET in assessment of EMT.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744139

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the teaching of biochemistry and molecular biology experiment course and improving students' mastery of theoretical knowledge and comprehensive quality,we made a series of reform in the teaching of biochemistry and molecular biology experiment course,including enriching of teaching content (for example,updating content,setting up experiments,adding design/comprehensive experiments),reforming teaching mode (for example,increasing teaching methods and demonstration teaching),perfecting the system of teaching evaluation (matching laboratory report and experiment assessment).Through the questionnaire after the teaching reform,it was found that the students are more enthusiastic about the experiment course than before,and their experiment technology is more proficient.In addition to that,the teaching effect of biochemistry and molecular biology experiment course has been obviously improved.The methods and effects of the above reforms in recent years are summarized in order to provide useful reference for the experimental teaching of Biochemistry and molecular biology in medical colleges.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755271

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the metabolic patterns of 11C-2-beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (CFF) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in patients with tremor and non-tremor Parkinson's disease (PD).Methods From March 2018 to March 2019,28 PD patients (19 tremor patients:14 males and 5 females,age:(59.9±11.4) years;9 non-tremor patients:3 males and 6 females,age:(62.6±9.0) years) were enrolled.For the two groups,the 11C-CFT uptake values in caudate nucleus,anterior putamen and posterior putamen as well as 18F-FDG uptake values in all brain regions were calculated by regions of interest (ROI) method.Two-sample t test or Mann-Whitney u test were used to analyze the data.Results Caudate nucleus 11C-CFT uptake in PD patients with tremor was higher than that without tremor (3.03±0.51 vs 2.60±0.62;t =2.687,P<0.05).Yet thalamus glucose uptake of non-tremor PD patients showed more active than tremor patients (1.14±0.05 vs 1.10±0.03;t =3.449,P<0.01).Sorted by modified Hoehn-Yahr stage,tremor patients in advanced stage (stage≥2.5) were characterized by glucose uptake increase in the putamen and cerebellum compared with non-tremor advanced group (1.27±0.04 vs 1.21±0.05,0.94±0.04 vs 0.86±0.08;t values:2.695 and 2.492,both P<0.05).Metabolic decrease in the premotor areas was observed in tremor patients in advanced stage compared with early stage (1.07±0.02vs 1.10±0.03;t=2.053,P<0.05).Conclusion 11C-CFT and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging can indicate different metabolic patterns between tremor and non-tremor PD,thus providing information for clinical practice and differential diagnosis.

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