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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 418-430, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The mode of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission via injection drug use (IDU) still exists, and the recent shift in IDU-related transmission of HIV infection is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze the spatiotemporal sources and dynamics of HIV-1 transmission through IDU in Guangxi.@*METHODS@#We performed a molecular epidemiological investigation of infections across Guangxi from 2009 to 2019. Phylogenetic and Bayesian time-geographic analyses of HIV-1 sequences were performed to confirm the characteristics of transmission between IDUs in combination with epidemiological data.@*RESULTS@#Among the 535 subjects, CRF08_BC (57.4%), CRF01_AE (28.4%), and CRF07_BC (10.7%) were the top 3 HIV strains; 72.6% of infections were linked to other provinces in the transmission network; 93.6% of sequence-transmitted strains were locally endemic, with the rest coming from other provinces, predominantly Guangdong and Yunnan; 92.1% of the HIV transmission among people who inject drugs tended to be transmitted between HIV-positive IDUs.@*CONCLUSION@#HIV recombinants were high diversity, and circulating local strains were the transmission sources among IDUs in Guangxi. However, there were still cases of IDUs linked to other provinces. Coverage of traditional prevention strategies should be expanded, and inter-provincial collaboration between Guangxi, Yunnan, and Guangdong provinces should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV-1/genetics , HIV Infections , Drug Users , Phylogeny , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Genotype
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 450-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to the characteristics of spinal burst fractures in high-altitude areas and the local medical conditions, to explore the clinical efficacy of short-segment fixation with pedicle screws combined with screw placement in injured vertebrae in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to December 2021, 12 patients with single-vertebral thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological symptoms were treated with injured vertebral screw placement technique, including 7 males and 5 females;aged 29 to 54 years old, with an average of(42.50±7.95) years old;6 cases of traffic accident injury, 4 cases of high fall injury, 2 cases of heavy object injury;2 cases of T11, 4 cases of T12, 3 cases of L1, 2 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. In the operation, screws were first placed in the upper and lower vertebrae of the fracture, pedicle screws were placed in the injured vertebra, and connecting rods were installed, and the fractured vertebral body was reset by positioning and distraction. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring were used to evaluate the changes in pain and quality of life of patients, and the kyphotic correction rate and correction loss rate of the injured segment were measured by X-ray.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful without significant intraoperative complications. All 12 patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 9 to 27 months, with an mean of (17.75±5.79) months. VAS at 3 days after operation was significantly higher than that at admission (t=6.701, P=0.000). There was significant difference in JOA score between 9 months after operation and at admission (t=5.085, P=0.000). Three days after operation, Cobb angle was (4.42±1.16)°, and the correction rate was (82±5)% compared with (25.67±5.71)° at admission. Cobb angle was (5.08±1.24) °at 9 months after operation, with a corrected loss rate of (16±13)%. No loosening or breakage of internal fixation was found.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the high-altitude hypobaric and hypoxic environment, the effect of the operation should be ensured while reducing the trauma. The application of the technique of placing screws on the injured vertebra can effectively restore and maintain the height of the injured vertebra, with less bleeding and shorter fixed segments, which is an effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Altitude , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Compression , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted
3.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 448-458, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nocturnal hypertension is reported as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to explore the potential association between nocturnal hypertension and heart failure (HF) rehospitalization in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).@*METHODS@#A total of 538 patients with HFpEF from May 2018 to December 2021 were consequently recruited in this study and followed up until they were readmitted for HF or the end of this study. Cox regression analysis was used to reveal the potential association between nighttime blood pressure (BP) levels, nocturnal hypertension and nocturnal BP patterns and HF rehospitalization. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to assess the cumulative event-free survival rate between groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 537 patients with HFpEF were included in the final analysis. The mean age of the study population was 77.14 ± 8.68 years, and 41.2% of patients were men. After a median follow-up duration of 10.93 (4.19-21.13) months, 176 patients (32.7%) with HFpEF were readmitted for HF. Cox regression analysis had revealed that nighttime systolic BP level [hazards ratio (HR) = 1.018, 95% CI: 1.008-1.028, P = 0.001], nighttime diastolic BP level (HR = 1.024, 95% CI: 1.007-1.042, P = 0.007), nocturnal hypertension (HR = 1.688, 95% CI: 1.229-2.317, P = 0.001) were associated with HF rehospitalization. Kaplan-Meier analysis had demonstrated that patients with nocturnal hypertension had significantly lower event-free survival rate (log-rank P < 0.001). Furthermore, patients with a riser pattern had a higher risk of HF rehospitalization (HR = 1.828, 95% CI: 1.055-3.166, P = 0.031) and lower event-free survival rate (log-rank P = 0.003) than those with a dipper pattern. These findings were also confirmed in patients with HFpEF and hyperuricemia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Nighttime BP levels, nocturnal hypertension and a riser pattern are independently associated with HF rehospitalization in patients with HFpEF, and prominently in patients with HFpEF and hyperuricemia. Well controlled nighttime BP levels should be emphasized and considered in patients with HFpEF.

4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 619-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation in the treatment of both-bone forearm fractures in children of high altitude area.@*METHODS@#From August 2020 to December 2021, 19 children were treated with Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation including 11 males and 8 females, aged from 4 to 13 years old with an average of (8.16±2.71) years old. The course of disease was 1 to 10 days, with a mean of (4.11±2.51) d. First, close reduction was performed. If the reduction was unsuccessful, limited open reduction was performed, followed by Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation of the radius and ulna. The fracture healing was evaluated by X-ray after operation, and the curative effect was evaluated by Anderson forearm function score standard.@*RESULTS@#The wound healed well after operation, 2 cases had clinical manifestations of needle tail irritation after operation, and the symptoms disappeared after removing the internal fixation. The average follow-up time was(7.68±3.50) months (3 to 14 months). X-ray showed that all fracture healing in follow-up, Anderson forearm function score showed excellent in 16 cases, good in 2 cases and fair in 1 case at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Children with fractures in plateau areas often have delayed medical treatment, lack of medical conditions and insufficient compliance. Based on these characteristics, Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation for the treatment of children's double forearm fractures has the advantages of small injury and rapid recovery. It is a kind of operation method that can be popularized.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Bone Wires , Forearm , Altitude , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 556-560, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To testify the spatial relationship between the subscapularis muscle splitting window and the axillary nerve in modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure, which could provide anatomical basis for the modification of the subscapularis muscle splitting.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 adult cadaveric shoulder specimens were dissected layer by layer, and the axillary nerve was finally confirmed to walk on the front surface of the subscapularis muscle. Keeping the shoulder joint in a neutral position, the Kirschner wire was passed through the subscapularis muscle from back to front at the 4 : 00 position of the right glenoid circle (7 : 00 position of the left glenoid circle), and the anterior exit point (point A, the point of splitting subscapularis muscle during Latarjet procedure) was recorded. The vertical and horizontal distances between point A and the axillary nerve were measured respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the neutral position of the shoulder joint, the distance between the point A and the axillary nerve was 27.37 (19.80, 34.55) mm in the horizontal plane and 16.67 (12.85, 20.35) mm in the vertical plane.@*CONCLUSION@#In the neutral position of the shoulder joint, the possibility of axillary nerve injury will be relatively reduced when radiofrequency is taken from the 4 : 00 position of the right glenoid (7 : 00 position of the left glenoid circle), passing through the subscapularis muscle posteriorly and anteriorly and splitting outward.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Shoulder , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Scapula/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Cadaver , Joint Instability/surgery
6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 745-752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984565

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the regulative effect of α-Hederin on the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC and investigate its related molecular mechanism. Methods After A549 and HCC-1833 cells were treated with a concentration gradient of α-Hederin for 24 and 48 h, the OD450nm was detected by using CCK8 assays, and the IC50 was calculated.The A549 and HCC-1833 cells were divided into the blank control and α-Hederin groups in accordance with IC50 values.Cell proliferation was detected by EdU assays, and cell cycle transformation and cell apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry.Cell mobility was detected by using Transwell and scratch assays.SREBP1 and FASN protein expression levels were detected through Western blot analysis, and cell lipid accumulation was detected via oil red O staining. Results The survival rate of lung cancer cells decreased significantly with the increase of α-Hederin concentration, and the IC50 values of A549 and HCC-1833 cells at 48 h were 15 and 25 μg/ml, respectively.Compared with the blank control group, cells proliferation and migration were significantly inhibited, cells were blocked in the G1/S phase, the apoptosis rate increased, and the protein expression and lipid accumulation of SREBP1/FASN significantly reduced after α-Hederin treatment. Conclusion α-Hederin can inhibit the proliferation and migration, G1/S phase transition and induce the apoptosis of NSCLC cells and hinder the malignant progression of NSCLC by downregulating the expression of SREBP1 and FASN and reducing the accumulation of cell lipids.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

8.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 58-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different analgesic methods of hydromorphone on analgesic efficacy and sleep quality in patients with refractory cancer pain.Methods:Sixty patients with refractory cancer pain who received three-step analgesic treatment in Quzhou People's Hospital from August 2018 to December 2019 and acquired poor analgesic effects were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either an intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with hydromorphone (HV group, n = 30) or an intrathecal patient-controlled analgesia with hydromorphone (HI group, n = 30) for 10 consecutive days. The analgesic efficacy in each group was evaluated using the numerical rating scale (NRS) before and 2, 4, 24, 48 hours, and 10 days after administration. The frequency of breakthrough pain (BTP) at each time point was recorded. The sedation effect of medication was evaluated using the Ramsay score. The sleep quality of patients was evaluated using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI). The activities of CD 3+, CD 4+, and CD 4+/CD 8+ lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometry at different time points. The adverse reactions within 10 days after treatment were observed and recorded. Results:Before and at each time point after treatment, there were no significant differences in NRS score, the frequency of BTP, Ramsay score, and PSQI score between the two groups (NRS score: t = 0.45, 0.91, 0.52, 1.19, 0.97, 1.92, all P > 0.05; frequency of BTP: t = 0.34, 1.88, 0.86, 1.71, 1.22, 0.76, all P > 0.05; Ramsay score: t = 0.56, 0.46, 0.63, 0.22, 0.99, 0.14, all P > 0.05; PSQI: t = 0.86, 1.25, 1.46, 1.05, 0.57, 1.93, all P > 0.05). At each time point after treatment, the activities of CD 3+, CD 4+, and CD 4+/CD 8+ cells increased in each group, and the activities of CD 3+, CD 4+, and CD 4+/CD 8+ cells in the HI group were significantly higher than those in the HV group (CD 3+: t = 3.72, 3.12, 2.85, 3.13, 2.44, all P < 0.05; CD 4+: t = 3.62, 2.45, 3.31, 3.19, 2.70; all P > 0.05; CD 4+/CD 8+: t = 3.10, 2.74, 2.83, 3.24, 3.41, all P < 0.05). The total incidence of adverse reactions was slightly, but not significantly, lower in the HI group than the HV group [14.00% (7/30) vs. 26.00% (13/30), χ2 = 2.70, P = 0.100]. Conclusion:Compared with intravenous administration of hydromorphone, intrathecal administration of hydromorphone can better effectively relieve pain, decrease the frequency of BTP, improve sleep quality, has a good sedative effect, improve immune function, and has fewer adverse reactions.

9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 212-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971436

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the reasonable time of prophylactic thyroidectomy for RET gene carriers in multiple endocrine neoplasia(MEN) 2A/2B families. Methods: From May 2015 to August 2021, RET gene carriers in MEN2A/MEN2B families were dynamically followed up at the Department of Thyroid Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University. The high-risk patients were encouraged to undergo prophylacitc total thyroidectomy according to the principle of "graded early warning system", namely the evaluation of gene detection, calcitonin value and ultrasound examination successively. Seven cases underwent the surgery, including 3 males and 4 females, aged from 7 to 29 years. According to the risk stratification listed in the guidelines of the American Thyroid Association in 2015, there were 2 cases of the highest risk, 2 cases of the high risk and 3 cases of the modest risk. Calcitonin index remained within the normal range in 3 cases and elevated in 4 cases before operation. All 7 patients underwent thyroidectomy with lymph node dissection of the level Ⅵ performed in 4 patients. Results: The time from suggestion to operation was 2 to 37 months, with an average of 15.1 months. The 6 patients were medullary thyroid carcinoma and 1 case with C-cell hyperplasia. The follow-up time was 2 to 82 months, with an average of 38.4 months. Postoperative serum calcitonin levels of all cases decreased to normal level, with biochemical cure. There was no sign of recurrence on ultrasound examination. All 7 patients had no serious complications, no obvious thyroid dysfunction. Their height, weight and other indicators of pediatric patients were similar to those of their peers, with normal growth and development. Conclusion: For healthy people with MEN2A/MEN2B family history, prophylactic thyroidectomy can be carried out selectively based on the comprehensive evaluation of "graded early warning system" with strict screening and close monitoring.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2b/surgery , Thyroidectomy , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a/surgery , Calcitonin , Germ-Line Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret/genetics
10.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 102-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973369

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2M) in Suining area, and build a risk prediction model to provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of CHD in PATIENTS with T2M. Methods A total of 476 T2M patients treated in our hospital from January 2021 to December 2021 were selected and divided into experimental group (n=79) and control group (n=397) according to whether they had coronary heart disease. The angiographic characteristics of coronary artery lesions in patients with T2M combined with coronary heart disease were observed. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol consumption , T2M course, FBG, FINS, HOMA, TC, LDL-C, SBP, DBP and UA levels of all patients were analyzed. Univariate analysis and Logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of coronary heart disease and establish a risk prediction model. ROC curve was used to predict the efficiency of the model. Results A total of 79 cases (16.60%) of patients with T2M complicated with coronary heart disease, including 64 cases (81.01%) of patients with T2M complicated with coronary artery disease. Mild stenosis in 5 cases (6.33%), moderate stenosis in 20 cases (25.32%) and severe stenosis in 54 cases (68.35%); The mean age, smoking proportion, BMI, T2M course and the levels of FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, LDL-C, SBP, DBP and UA in experimental group were significantly higher than those in control group (P-(-0.513+0.919×(old age)+1.129×(increased SBP)+ 1.724×(increased FBG)+ 1.529×(increased LDL-C)]. ROC curve was used to analyze the predictive performance of the regression model. The results showed that the AUC of the risk prediction model for coronary heart disease in T2M patients was 0.728, 95% CI (0.651-0.829). Conclusions T2M patients in Suining have a high risk of coronary heart disease. For elderly patients with elevated SBP, LDL-C and FBG, the risk of coronary heart disease can be assessed by predictive model and targeted intervention measures can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease in T2M patients.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1137-1143, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928035

ABSTRACT

The discovery and identification of effective components are pivotal in the research on Chinese medicinal prescriptions. Given two basic conditions for effective components in Chinese medicinal prescriptions, i.e., active structure and a certain level of drug exposure in the body(including the intestine), a "six-step strategy" for the effective compounds in Chinese medicinal prescriptions based on in vitro-in vivo integration(SSS for short) has been proposed and established, as well as the key technologies. SSS contains qualitative and quantitative analyses of components in five steps, including those in Chinese medicinal extract, intestinal contents, portal vein blood, liver, and peripheral blood. The components(prototype components and metabolites) with a certain exposure level(including in the intestine) and those with large differences between in vitro content and in vivo exposure or in exposure among various parts in the body are selected as the minority prioritized candidates. The sixth step is to screen the pharmacological activity of candidate components specifically extracted from Chinese medicinal materials or artificially synthesized. SSS can significantly narrow the screening range, enhance the hit rate, and speed up the identification of effective components specifically targeting indications. Based on the effective components identified by the SSS, the "upstream" can be linked(mechanism research based on the effective components with clear structures) and the "downstream" can be combined(development of innovative component-based Chinese medicine with definite pharmacodynamic composition). In this study, the concept of component-based Chinese medicine and specific applications of SSS in the development of component-based Chinese medicine are also introduced.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 435-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the heterogeneity and correlation of clinical phenotypes and genotypes in children with disorders of sex development (DSD). Methods: A retrospective study of 1 235 patients with clinically proposed DSD in 36 pediatric medical institutions across the country from January 2017 to May 2021. After capturing 277 DSD-related candidate genes, second-generation sequencing was performed to analyzed the heterogeneity and correlation combined with clinical phenotypes. Results: Among 1 235 children with clinically proposed DSD, 980 were males and 255 were females of social gender at the time of initial diagnosis with the age ranged from 1 day of age to 17.92 years. A total of 443 children with pathogenic variants were detected through molecular genetic studies, with a positive detection rate of 35.9%. The most common clinical phenotypes were micropenis (455 cases), hypospadias (321 cases), and cryptorchidism (172 cases) and common mutations detected were in SRD5A2 gene (80 cases), AR gene (53 cases) and CYP21A2 gene (44 cases). Among them, the SRD5A2 mutation is the most common in children with simple micropenis and simple hypospadias, while the AMH mutation is the most common in children with simple cryptorchidism. Conclusions: The SRD5A2 mutation is the most common genetic variant in Chinese children with DSD, and micropenis, cryptorchidism, and hypospadias are the most common clinical phenotypes. Molecular diagnosis can provide clues about the biological basis of DSD, and can also guide clinicians to perform specific clinical examinations. Target sequence capture probes and next-generation sequencing technology can provide effective and economical genetic diagnosis for children with DSD.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , 3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase/genetics , China/epidemiology , Cryptorchidism/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Genital Diseases, Male , Genotype , Hypospadias/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Penis/abnormalities , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 205-210, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct a retrospective analysis of efficacy and safety of different conversion schemes of tacrolimus to slow-release dosage forms for recipients in stable phase after renal transplantation to provide rationales for the conversion strategy of tacrolimus.Methods:From January 2020 to June 2020, clinical data were reviewed for 101 kidney transplant recipients converting from common tacrolimus dosage form to tacrolimus sustained-release dosage form during postoperative stable period.There were 62 males and 49 females with an age range of 19 to 69 years.They were divided into two groups according to iso-dose and incremental-dose switching schemes.The common dosage form of tacrolimus was converted into a sustained-release dosage form with different conversion doses, They were divided into two groups of 1∶1 conversion( n=55)and >1∶1 conversion( n=46). The clinical parameters of serum creatinine(Scr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), alanine aminotransferase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), serum albumin(ALB), white blood cell count(WBC), urinary white blood cell(UWBC), hemoglobin(Hb)and fasting blood glucose(Glu)were compared between two groups after conversion. Results:Regarding numerical change trend after switching to tacrolimus sustained-release dosage form, drug dose/variation trend was smaller and blood drug concentration more stabilized.In two subgroups converted by 1∶1 and 1>1 initial dose, change trend of dose/blood concentration in 1∶1 conversion group appeared to be more stable.However, no inter-group difference existed in long-term parameters.Scr was lower at 1 week and 3 months after switching to extended-release dosage form( P<0.05)and BUN was lower at 2 weeks( P<0.05). In addition, at 5 months after conversion, ALT and AST significantly improved as compared with common dosage form( P<0.05). Significant differences existed in urinary WBC(UWBC)at 2/3 weeks( P<0.05). After switching for 2 weeks, hemoglobin significantly improved compared with common dosage form( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in ALP, ALB or Glu at other timepoints and pre-conversion( P>0.05). In 1∶1 switch group, renal function tended to improve.At 2 weeks, BUN was lower than pre-conversion; at 1/3 weeks, Scr was lower than pre-conversion( P<0.05). In addition, there was also a trend of improvement in liver function in 1∶1 conversion group.At 1 week and 5 months, ALT was lower than pre-conversion( P<0.05). However, no significant differences existed in AST, ALB, ALP, Glu, UWBC and serum WBC count at each timepoint between two different dose conversion groups( P>0.05). After conversion, intra-individual variability of tacrolimus trough concentration significantly improved( P<0.05). Conclusions:With the same safety and efficacy as common dosage form, sustained-release dosage form of tacrolimus may improve drug variability of individuals.When converting common dosage form into sustained-release dosage form, individual differences should be considered.While monitoring trough concentrations, proper doses should be adjusted on the basis of various clinical parameters.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 17-21, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the imaging characteristics of muscle FDG metabolism, tumor incidence, and pulmonary interstitial changes in patients with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody positivity in 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging, and the value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in differentiating anti-MDA5 antibody positive dermatomyositis. Methods:From June 2016 to July 2019, the PET/CT images of 75 patients with dermatomyositis (21 males, 54 females, age (52.3±14.3) years; 34 anti-MDA5 antibody positive and 41 anti-MDA5 antibody negative) and 30 healthy controls (10 males, 20 females; age (53.5±11.8) years) were retrospectively analyzed in Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The SUV max of muscle was measured and the mean of SUV max (mSUV max) was calculated. Statistics of patients with dermatomyositis complicated with neoplastic lesions and the SUV max of pneumonia lesions in patients with dermatomyositis complicated with interstitial pneumonia was determined. Independent sample t test, one-way analysis of variance, Student-Newman-Keuls (SNK) test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. The ROC curve analysis was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of mSUV max for the differential diagnosis of anti-MDA5 antibody positive dermatomyositis. Results:The muscle mSUV max of the control group, anti-MDA5 antibody positive and negative groups were 0.39±0.05, 0.66±0.21 and 0.87±0.29 ( F=39.93, P<0.001), respectively. The muscle mSUV max of dermatomyositis patients was increased compared with healthy controls ( q values: 6.76, 12.63, both P<0.001), and the muscle mSUV max of anti-MDA5 antibody negative was higher than positive ( q=5.79, P<0.001). The AUC was 0.74, and the cut-off value of muscle mSUV max was 0.75 with the accuracy of 74.7%(56/75). Of 41 patients with negative anti-MDA5 antibody, there were 6 (14.6%) had malignant tumor, while there was no malignant tumor in patients with positive anti-MDA5 antibody (0/34; χ2=5.41, P=0.020). There were 11 patients (26.8%, 11/41) with anti-MDA5 antibody negative dermatomyositis complicated with interstitial pneumonia and 33 patients (97.1%, 33/34) with anti-MDA5 antibody positive dermatomyositis complicated with interstitial pneumonia ( χ2=37.81, P<0.001). FDG metabolism in anti-MDA5 antibody positive patients was higher than that in anti-MDA5 antibody negative patients (lesion SUV max: 3.65±1.83 and 2.38±1.27; t=2.13, P=0.039). Conclusions:The muscle FDG metabolism of anti-MDA5 antibody positive dermatomyositis patients is higher than that of healthy controls, but lower than that of anti-MDA5 antibody negative patients. The incidence of neoplastic lesions in patients with positive anti-MDA5 antibody is lower than that in patients with negative anti-MDA5 antibody. The proportion and severity of interstitial pneumonia are higher in patients with positive anti-MDA5 antibody than in those with negative anti-MDA5 antibody. 18F-FDG PET/CT has certain value on identifying anti-MDA5 antibody positive dermatomyositis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 11-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932205

ABSTRACT

Blast injury of the chest injury is the most common wound in modern war trauma and terrorist attacks, and is also the most fatal type of whole body explosion injury. Most patients with severe blast injury of the chest die in the early stage before hospitalization or during transportation, so first aid is critically important. At present, there exist widespread problems such as non-standard treatment and large difference in curative effect, while there lacks clinical treatment standards for blast injury of the chest. According to the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement, the Trauma Society of Chinese Medical Association has formulated the guidance of classification, pre-hospital first aid, in-hospital treatment and major injury management strategies for blast injury of the chest, aiming to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 185-190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936192

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on proliferation and hormone secretion of parathyroid cells in votro. Methods: The parathyroid cells and ADMSCs were obtained from 10 SD rats by cell separation and culture. The phenotype of P3 generation for ADMSCs was detected by flow cytometry. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs was conducted in the ratios of 2∶1, 1∶1, 1∶2 and 1∶5, respectively. The level of parathyroid hormone in cell supernatant was determined. The results were compared with the parathyroid hormone in the supernatant of parathyroid cells cultured separately in the corresponding number. The effects of ADMSCs on the hormone secretion of parathyroid cells were evaluated. SPSS 11.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The primary culture of either parathyroid cells or ADMSCs and the co-culture of these cells in vitro were performed successfully, and the in vitro culture of different proportions of the two cells showed different effects on parathyroid hormone secretion. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs, especially in the ratio of 1∶5, facilitated the secretion of parathyroid hormone ((1.3±0.0) vs. (0.8±0.1), (1.3±0.0) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.5) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.0) vs. (1.2±0.2))ng/L with t value of 25.46, 64.30, 3.32, 7.16, P<0.05 on the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th days respectively. Secondly, when the ratio was 1∶2, the PTH level showed an upward trend. Conclusion: Parathyroid cells and ADMSCs can be co-cultured in vitro, facilitating the secretion of parathyroid hormone under the appropriate cell proportion such as the ratio of by parathyroid cells to ADMSCs at 1∶5.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adipose Tissue , Coculture Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 8-14, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936166

ABSTRACT

Objective: To select the preferred flaps for the reconstruction of different maxillary defects and to propose a new classification of maxillary defects. Methods: A total of 219 patients (136 males and 83 females) underwent the simultaneous reconstruction of maxillary defects in the Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, between January 2005 and December 2018 were reviewed. Age ranged from 16 to 78 years. Based on the proposed new classification of the maxillary defects, 22 patients with class Ⅰ defects (inferior maxillectomy), 44 patients with class Ⅱ defects (supperior maxillectomy), 132 patients with class Ⅲ defects (total maxillectomy) and 21 patients with class Ⅳ defects (extensive maxillectomy) were enrolled. Survival rate, functional and aesthetic outcomes of flaps were evaluated. Survival analysis was performed in 169 patients with malignant tumor, Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate, and Log-rank method was used to compare the difference of survival rate in each group. Results: A total of 234 repairs for maxillary defects were performed in 219 patients. Fibula flaps were used in 4/13 of class Ⅰ defects; temporal muscle flaps (11/24, 45.8%) and anterolateral thigh flaps (6/24, 25.0%) used in class Ⅱ defects; temporal muscle flaps (71/128, 55.5%), anterolateral thigh flaps (6/24, 25.0%) and fibula flaps (12/128, 9.4%) used in class Ⅲ defects; and anterolateral thigh flaps (8/20, 40.0%) and rectus abdominis flaps (8/20, 40.0%) used in class Ⅳ defects. The success rate of local pedicled flaps was 95.6% (109/114) and that of free flaps was 95.8% (115/120). Thrombosis(10/234,4.3%) was a main reason for repair failure. Among the followed-up 88 patients, swallowing and speech functions recovered, 82 (93.2%) of them were satisfied with appearance, and 75 (85.2%) were satisfied with visual field. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 66.5% and 63.6%, and the 3-year and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 57.1% and 46.2%, respectively, in the 169 patients with malignant tumors. Conclusion: A new classification of maxillary defects is proposed, on which suitable flaps are selected to offer patients good functional and aesthetic outcomes and high quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Free Tissue Flaps , Maxilla/surgery , Quality of Life , Plastic Surgery Procedures
18.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 729-733, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the kinetic metrics of 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-04 in pancreatic cancers and normal organs by using total-body PET dynamic imaging. Methods:From December 2020 to December 2021, 68Ga-FAPI-04 total-body PET/CT dynamic imaging were performed on 6 pancreatic cancer patients (3 males, 3 females, median age 55.5 years) in Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Images were respectively analyzed. Manual delineations of volume of interests (VOIs) on multiple normal organs and pathological lesions were performed and time-to-activity curves (TACs) were generated. A reversible two-tissue compartment model (2TCM) was fitted for each tissue TAC. Rate constants including K1, k2, k3 and k4, and the total volume of distribution ( Vt) were obtained and compared by tissue types. Wilcoxon rank sum test and Spearman correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results:Kinetic metrics varied significantly among normal organs and pancreatic cancer lesions ( z values: 2.00-1 240.00, all P<0.05). The highest K1 among lesions was observed in primary tumor (0.30 min -1), which was observed in the spleen (1.42 min -1) among normal organs. The highest k2 among lesions was observed in peritoneal metastases (0.24 min -1), which was observed in the spleen (2.59 min -1) among normal organs. Primary tumor showed the highest k3 of 0.17 min -1 among lesions, and the pancreas had the highest k3 of 0.16 min -1 among normal organs. Primary tumor had the highest k4 of 0.03 min -1 among lesions, and the heart, lungs, parotid glands had high k4(0.06 min -1) among normal organs. Vt were higher in pathological lesions compared to normal organs, with the highest in primary tumor (13.78 ml/cm 3). There were correlations between Vt in lesions and SUV mean( rs=0.86, P<0.001) or SUV max ( rs=0.77, P<0.001). Conclusion:The rate constants including K1, k2, k3 and k4, and Vt of 68Ga-FAPI-04 vary among normal organs and lesions.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 482-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the specificity of 68Ga-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-Ser-Asn-Thr-Arg-Val-Ala-Pro (SNTRVAP, VAP) molecular probe targeting glucose-regulated protein 78(GRP78) in vivo and in vitro and the feasibility of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP microPET/CT imaging in the diagnosis of GRP78-positive tumors. Methods:68Ga-DOTA-VAP was prepared by the combination of bifunctional chelating agent DOTA and VAP, followed by 68Ga labeling. Western blotting experiment was perfomed to detect the expression of GRP78 in U87MG, BxPC-3, and 293T cell lines, at the same time, cold polypeptide blocked experiments were conducted to verify the specific binding of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP to cells. U87MG and BxPC-3 subcutaneous transplantation tumor mouse models were established and the biodistribution of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP were explored in vivo. The imaging effect of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP in GRP78-positive tumor-bearing mouse models was evaluated by microPET/CT. Independent-sample t test, one-way analysis of variance and Dunnett t test were used for data analysis. Results:68Ga-DOTA-VAP was easily prepared with labeling yield and radiochemical purity >98%. It had good stability in vitro, and its radiochemical purity was still (98.27±0.22)% after 2 h. GRP78 was highly expressed in U87MG and BxPC-3 cells, but lowly expressed in 293T cells ((0.78±0.02), (0.53±0.05) and (0.36±0.03), F=102.22, P<0.001; t values: 0.43, 0.18, both P<0.01). The uptake of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP in U87MG cells was higher than that in BxPC-3 cells (5 154.00±216.70 vs 4 344.00±60.88; t=3.10, P=0.027). Excessive unlabeled VAP polypeptide could significantly reduce the uptake of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP both in U87MG and BxPC-3 cells (3 324.00±54.14, 3 270.00±131.10; t values: 8.19, 7.43, both P<0.01). The uptake of 68Ga-DOTA-VAP in U87MG tumor tissue was higher than that in BxPC-3 tumor tissue ((1.98±0.20) vs (1.30±0.08) percentage activity of injection dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g); t=5.48, P=0.005), while co-injection of excessive unlabeled VAP polypeptide significantly reduced the uptake in U87MG and BxPC-3 tumors ((0.99±0.02) and (0.62±0.05) %ID/g; t values: 8.32, 12.25, both P<0.05). MicroPET/CT imaging showed that 68Ga-DOTA-VAP could clearly display U87MG and BxPC-3 tumors, and U87MG had a better imaging effect. The tumors could not be clearly visualized after co-injection of excessive VAP polypeptide. Conclusion:68Ga-DOTA-VAP molecular probe binds with GRP78 specifically and can reflect the expression level of GRP78 in vivo, which may be a promising probe for the specific imaging diagnosis of GRP78-positive tumors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 333-336, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935805

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influencing factors of cognitive impairment in patients with silicosis, and to analyze the effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on cognitive function. Methods: In March 2021, 484 silicosis patients from April 2018 to April 2020 were included in the study. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale of Chinese version was used to evaluate their cognitive function, and they were divided into the cognitive impairment group (n=282) and the non cognitive impairment group (n=202) , another 30 healthy persons from body check were served as control group. The concentrations of BDNF were compared between the three groups. And the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawed to analyze the value of BDNF in predicting cognitive impairment in silicosis patients. And the logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors of cognitive impairment. Results: The incidence of cognitive impairment in silicosis patients was 58.26% (282/484) . The level of BDNF in the cognitive impairment group[ (10.32±2.11) mg/L] was significantly lower than that in the non cognitive impairment group[ (13.43±3.45) mg/L] (t=-12.27, P<0.001) . The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the area unde the curve of BDNF in predicting cognitive impairment of silicosis patients was 0.763 (95%CI: 0.613-0.874, P=0.024) , the cut off value was 10 mg/L, the sensitivity was 0.88, and the specificity was 0.84. Logistic regression analysis showed that the level of BDNF (≤10 mg/L) , age (≥65 years old) , course of disease (≥5 years) and diabetes mellitus were the risk factors of cognitive impairment in silicosis patients (OR=2.346, 95%CI: 1.654-3.103; OR=1.757, 95%CI: 1.214-1.998; OR=1.346, 95%CI: 1.112-1.564; OR=1.165, 95%CI: 1.102-1.542, P=0.001, 0.012, 0.027, 0.036) . Conclusion: BDNF may be one of the indicator to predict the risk of cognitive impairment in patients with silicosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , ROC Curve , Silicosis/complications
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