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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a transposon mutation library and screen new virulence genes of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae(hvKp). Methods:The transposon mutation library was constructed and treated with human serum. The changes in the abundance of the genes of library mutant strains were analyzed by Transposon sequencing (Tn-seq). Besides, KEGG (kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) annotation and enrichment analysis were performed on the screened genes.Results:A total of 405 genes were screened out according to the abundance of the genes in the library treated with human serum was 20% lower than that without treated, and 351 genes, 86.7% of these genes were conserved in HS11286, NJST258_1, NTUH-K2044 and RJF293. Ten genes existed in strains NTUH-K2044 and RJF293 with high virulence, while these genes were absent in HS11286 and NJST258_1 with low virulence. The mutants with genes such as glycosyl transferase gene wzy, aggregator protein gene wzi and capsule transporter gene wza, which belong to the capsule polysaccharide gene clusters, could not be detected after serum treatment. The abundance of iron carriers gene clusters such as aerobacterin and salmonellin in each library changed less than one time. KEGG annotation results showed that most annotated genes were involved in amino acid metabolism, cofactor and vitamin metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, etc. Conclusions:Tn-seq is a reliable method to screen functional genes. In this study, 405 candidate virulence genes of hvKp were successfully screened out, providing an experimental basis for further research on the function and regulation mechanism of new virulence genes of hvKp.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911766

ABSTRACT

The survey was conducted in Shaoxing city from January 2019 to January 2021 among 150 residents aged ≥ 60 years with mild cognitive impairment from Shaoxing People's Hospital and its subordinate branches. The swallowing function was evaluated by eating evaluation questionnaire-10 (EAT-10), and dysphagia (EAT-10 score ≥ 3) was identified in 92 subjects with a prevalence rate of 61.3% (dysphagia group) and other 58 residents without dysphagia was set as normal group. There were significant differences in age, educational level, diet type, history of stroke, history of choking, Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) score, masticatory function score, the number of drug types, self-care ability (Barthel score) in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale between dysphagia group and normal group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that age (≥ 80 years old), educational level (junior middle school and below), history of stroke, history of choking cough, MMSE score (<23 points), Barthel score (≤ 60 points), masticatory function score (>3 points) and the number of drug types (≥ 3 kinds) were independent risk factors of swallowing disorder in elderly with mild cognitive impairment; and the type of diet (common diet) was the protective factor. It is suggested that the prevalence of dysphagia in community-dwelling elderly with mild cognitive impairment is high, and necessary measures should be taken to intervene according to its risk factors.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 896-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopic robot-assisted transmesenteric approach and retrocolic approach disconnected pyeloplasty in the treatment of children with hydronephrosis.Methods:From October 2020 to March 2021, 19 children with hydronephrosis were divided into two groups: intra-renal type and extra-renal type. Among them, 15 were males and 4 were females. The average age of the patients was 3.5 years old (0.2 years old to 16.8 years old), and the average weight was 18.4 kg (5.5 kg to 67.0 kg). The average ERPF of affected kidney before surgery was 35.4%(23.0%-49.8%). All of them were treated with laparoscopic robot-assisted transmesenteric approach and retrocolic approach disconnected pyeloplasty. The operation was performed in accordance with the standard surgical procedures of the guidelines. After the insertion of the trocar, the children in the transmesenteric group were exposed to the renal pelvis by incising the colonic mesangium into the retroperitoneal space, while in the retrocolic group, the peritoneum was cut into the retroperitoneal space to expose the renal pelvis. After that, the steps of incision, cutting, tube placement, and suture of the renal pelvis and ureter were the same in the two groups. Among the 10 cases of the extrarenal type, 6 cases were in the transmesenteric group and 4 cases were in the retrocolic group; among the 9 cases of the intrarenal type, 5 cases were in the transmesenteric group and 4 were in the retrocolic group. There was no statistically significant difference in age, weight, and renal function of the affected side before operation in different surgical approach groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative anastomosis time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative hospital stay were recorded and compared. There was no statistical difference in the age, weight, and renal function of the affected side before the operation. Results:19 cases were followed up for 6 months, no complications such as fever or wound infection occurred. The operation was successfully completed in all patients, no patients were transferred to open surgery, and the hydronephrosis was significantly reduced. Symptoms disappeared in both groups. Of the 19 children. In children with extrarenal type, the operation time of the transmesenteric group and the retrocolic group were (108.8±15.5) min and (132.8±7.6) min, and the intraoperative anastomosis time was (40.7±6.1) min and (51.5±5.5)min, the estimated intraoperative blood loss was (9.5±2.1) ml and (9.3±0.8) ml, respectively, and the postoperative hospital stay was (9.0±1.6) d and (9.3±2.9) d. The operation time and the difference of intraoperative anastomosis time was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In children with intrarenal type, the operation time of the transmesenteric group and the retrocolic group were (136.6±7.9) min and (116.5±13.5) min, and the intraoperative anastomosis time was (52.8±6.9) min and (40.8±6.2), min, the estimated blood loss during the operation was (11.4±2.3) ml and (10.5±0.9) ml, and the postoperative hospital stay was (8.8±1.7) d and (8.0±1.6) d. The operation time and The difference of intraoperative anastomosis time was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The 19 cases were followed up for 6 months, and there was no complications such as fever or wound infection. The volume of hydronephrosis was significantly reduced compared with that before operation, and the renal blood perfusion increased compared with that before operation. The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In terms of shortening the operation time and suture time, for laparoscopic robot-assisted transmesenteric approach and retrocolic approach disconnected pyeloplasty in the treatment of children with hydronephrosis, the transtransmesenteric approach is more advantageous in the treatment of extrarenal hydronephrosis, while the retrocolic approach is more advantageous in the treatment of intrarenal hydronephrosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 873-874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911139

ABSTRACT

Fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) in the scrotum of children is a rare benign soft tissue tumor, which mostly occurs in children under 2 years old. It grows rapidly in the early stage and is easily misdiagnosed as a malignant tumor adjacent to the testis. A case of FHI in the scrotum was admitted in our hospital in recent years, a tumor resection with preservation of testicle was performed, the lesion was completely removed. Postoperative follow-up was 20 months, and there was no evidence revealing recurrence of the tumor after excision.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review our clinical experience on total pancreatectomy in treatment of pancreatic diseases.Methods:The clinical data of 25 patients with pancreatic diseases who underwent total pancreatectomy at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from February 2016 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The data on general information, surgical methods, postoperative complications, changes in postoperative pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions and quality of life were analyzed.Results:There were 16 males and 9 females, aged (60.9±9.4) years. Planned selective surgery was carried out in 16 patients while unplanned operations in 9 patients. There were 15 patients with pancreatic neoplasms with 4 patients who received neoadjuvant or conversion therapy, 6 patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, 3 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 1 patient with pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma. The total postoperative complication rate was 36% (9/25). One patient died in the perioperative period, and one patient underwent a second operation. After 6 months of operation, 2 of 24 patients had died. The remaining patients had a fasting blood sugar of (8.9±1.6) mmol/L, with an insulin dosage of (30.7±10.6) U/d. The average dosage of trypsin was (1.1±0.3) g/d. The quality of life score reached or exceeded the preoperative levels.Conclusions:Total pancreatectomy was safe and feasible for some pancreatic diseases. For patients with pancreatic cancer, its long-term oncological outcomes need further studies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of age on the fresh cycle live birth rate in patients with poor ovarian response in different controlled ovarian hyperstimulation groups.Methods:The clinical data of 3 342 patients in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2014 to November 2018 were retrospectively collected, including early-follicular phase long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist long protocol group (1 375 cases), mid-luteal phase short-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group (1 161 cases) and GnRH antagonist protocol group (806 cases); each group was divided into 4 subgroups according to age: ≤30 years, 31-35 years, 36-40 years and >40 years, the pregnancy outcomes in each age subgroup were analyzed under different controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocols.Results:In early-follicular phase long-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group, the final live birth rates of each age subgroup were 39.4% (228/579), 36.1% (135/374), 16.6% (48/290) and 3.0% (4/132); in mid-luteal phase short-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group, live birth rates of each age subgroup were 32.1% (99/308), 20.8% (55/264), 13.0% (45/346) and 7.0% (17/243); in GnRH antagonist protocol group, live birth rates of each age subgroup were 22.8% (26/114), 16.3% (25/153), 11.2% (31/278), and 3.8% (10/261); the live birth rate of each group decreased significantly with the increase of age (all P<0.01). When the age≤35 years old, the fresh cycle live birth rate of the early-follicular phase long-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group was significantly better than those of the other two groups (all P<0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis of age and live birth rate of the three controlled ovarian hyperstimulation groups showed age was the independent influence factor ( OR=0.898, 95% CI: 0.873-0.916, P<0.01; OR=0.926, 95% CI: 0.890-0.996, P<0.01; OR=0.901, 95% CI: 0.863-0.960, P<0.01). Conclusions:Age is an independent influencing factor for the prediction of fresh cycle live birth rate in low ovarian response patients. No matter which controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocol is adopted, the final live birth rate decreases significantly with the increase of women′s age. In addition, the early-follicular phase long-acting GnRH agonist long protocol has the highest fresh cycle live birth rate among all controlled ovarian hyperstimulation groups.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Huazhuo Jiedu Shugan Prescription (HZJDSG) on learning, memory, and the expression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3<italic>β</italic> (GSK-3<italic>β</italic>) pathway-related proteins in epileptic rats, and to explore its possible mechanism. Method:Forty-eight SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a sodium valproate (0.19 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low- (2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (5.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (10.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) HZJDSG groups, with eight rats in each group. The normal group received 0.9% sodium chloride solution (0.035 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by intraperitoneal injection, and the other five groups received pentetrazol (PTZ) at the same dose to induce a chronic epilepsy model for a total of 14 times. The drug groups received corresponding drugs and the normal group and the model group received 0.9% sodium chloride solution at the same volume once a day for 28 days. During the drug intervention period, epilepsy was maintained in each modeling group by intraperitoneal injection of PTZ on day 7, 14, 21, and 28. The behavioral changes of rats were observed by Morris water maze and the pathomorphological changes of rat hippocampal neurons by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The protein expression of phosphorylation Akt(p-Akt)and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> was detected by immunohistochemistry and the protein expression of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, GSK-3<italic>β</italic>, and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed prolonged platform finding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced number of platform crossings (<italic>P</italic><0.01), structural damage of neurons in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, down-regulated protein expression of p-Akt and p-GSK-3<italic>β </italic>in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and reduced relative expression of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> in the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the sodium valproate group and the HZJDSG groups showed shortened platform finding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and improved neuronal structure in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, while the sodium valproate group and the high- and medium-dose HZJDSG groups exhibited increased number of platform crossings (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated protein expression of p-Akt and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and elevated relative expression of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:HZJDSG can improve the learning and memory of epileptic rats, and its antiepileptic effect may be achieved by the activation of PI3K/Akt/GSK-3<italic>β</italic> pathway-related proteins.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influencing factors of low back pain and the relationship of the influence of bad working posture, weight load and frequency of load and the dose-response relationship among the occupational workers of key industries in China. METHODS: A total of 57 501 employees from 15 key industries in China were selected as research subjects using stratified cluster sampling method. The occurrence of low back pain in the past one year, as well as occupational factors such as job type, labor organization and work posture were investigated by using the Chinese version Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China was 16.4%(9 448/57 501). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of low back pain in females was higher than that in males(P<0.01). Married, obese, occasional and frequent smokers, and a history of lower back disease were associated with increased risk of low back pain(all P<0.05). The risk of low back pain was associated with older age, higher education level, and lower frequency of physical exercise(all P<0.01). The risk of low back pain was higher with longer working time, greater back curvature, and the high frequency of long standing and sitting position work, uncomfortable working posture, repeated operation per minute, and lifting>5 kg weight(all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The influencing factors of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China include bad working posture, high frequency load, weight load and other individual factors. There is a dose-response relationship with low back posture load and frequency of load.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921878

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of prior non-pancreatic cancer on the survival outcomes of patients with localized pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs). Methods We reviewed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and selected patients with localized PanNETs diagnosed between 1973 and 2015. We divided the patients into two groups according to the presence or absence of prior non-pancreatic malignancy. Before and after propensity score matching, we compared the clinicopathological characteristics and studied the overall survival and cancer-specific survival. Results A total of 357 (12.9%) of 2778 patients with localized PanNETs had prior cancer. A total of 1211 cases with only a localized PanNET and 133 cases with a localized PanNET and prior cancer had complete data and met the inclusion criteria of the current study. Patients with prior cancer were associated with advanced age (>65 years, 57.9% prior cancer


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Neuroendocrine Tumors/epidemiology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Propensity Score
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921872

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a nomogram for predicting the distant metastasis risk of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) in elderly patients. Methods We extracted data of patients with diagnosis of pNETs at age ≥65 years old between 1973 and 2015 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. All eligible patients were divided randomly into a training cohort and validation cohort. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed on the training cohort to identify independent factors for distant metastasis. A nomogram was developed based on the independent risk factors using rms packages of R software, and was validated internally by the training cohort and externally by the validation cohort using C-index and calibration curves. Results A total of 411 elderly patients were identified, of which 260 were assigned to training cohort and 151 to validation cohort. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated the tumor site (body/tail of pancreas: odds ratio [


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Nomograms , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2457-2464, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921179

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Investigations of the pathogenic mechanisms in motor neurons (MNs) derived from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disease-specific induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines could improve understanding of the issues affecting MNs. Therefore, in this study we explored mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) protein expression in MNs derived from the iPS cell lines of ALS patients carrying different SOD1 mutations.@*METHODS@#We generated induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from two familial ALS (FALS) patients with SOD1-V14M and SOD1-C111Y mutations, and then differentiated them into MNs. We investigated levels of the SOD1 protein in iPSCs and MNs, the intracellular Ca2+ levels in MNs, and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the process of differentiation into the MNs derived from the controls and ALS patients' iPSCs.@*RESULTS@#The iPSCs from the two FALS patients were capable of differentiation into MNs carrying different SOD1 mutations and differentially expressed MN markers. We detected high SOD1 protein expression and high intracellular calcium levels in both the MN and iPSCs that were derived from the two SOD1 mutant patients. However, at no time did we observe stronger LDH activity in the patient lines compared with the control lines.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MNs derived from patient-specific iPSC lines can recapitulate key aspects of ALS pathogenesis, providing a cell-based disease model to further elucidate disease pathogenesis and explore gene repair coupled with cell-replacement therapy. Incremental mutant expressions of SOD1 in MNs may have disrupted MN function, either causing or contributing to the intracellular calcium disturbances, which could lead to the occurrence and development of the disease.


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Motor Neurons , Mutation/genetics , Superoxide Dismutase-1/genetics
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2231-2236, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder associated with loss of motor neurons. Our objective was to explore the epidemiology, clinical features, and survival factors of 1809 patients with ALS.@*METHODS@#We analyzed 1809 ALS patients, who were recruited from the Peking University Third Hospital from January 2005 to December 2015. Demographic data and disease-related parameters were collected. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to compare survival time. Cox proportional hazards function and the hazard ratio were used to identify adjusted prognostic predictors.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that the average annual incidence in Beijing alone was 0.38 cases/100,000 person-years and the mean age of onset was 48.88 ± 11.35 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 48.17-49.85) years. The median survival time from onset to death/tracheostomy was 58.89 ± 33.03 (95% CI: 51.46-63.84) months. In the adjusted Cox proportional hazard model, age of onset, diagnosis delay, rate of disease progression (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale Revised decline [points/month]), and body mass index all had an independent effect on survival in ALS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study provides information on epidemiology, clinical features, and survival factors of patients with ALS in China. These results can be helpful in clinical practice, clinical trial design, and validation of new tools to predict disease progression.


Subject(s)
Adult , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Disease Progression , Humans , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models
13.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 545-556, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888718

ABSTRACT

Activation of the heart normally begins in the sinoatrial node (SAN). Electrical impulses spontaneously released by SAN pacemaker cells (SANPCs) trigger the contraction of the heart. However, the cellular nature of SANPCs remains controversial. Here, we report that SANPCs exhibit glutamatergic neuron-like properties. By comparing the single-cell transcriptome of SANPCs with that of cells from primary visual cortex in mouse, we found that SANPCs co-clustered with cortical neurons. Tissue and cellular imaging confirmed that SANPCs contained key elements of glutamatergic neurotransmitter system, expressing genes encoding glutamate synthesis pathway (Gls), ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors (Grina, Gria3, Grm1 and Grm5), and glutamate transporters (Slc17a7). SANPCs highly expressed cell markers of glutamatergic neurons (Snap25 and Slc17a7), whereas Gad1, a marker of GABAergic neurons, was negative. Functional studies revealed that inhibition of glutamate receptors or transporters reduced spontaneous pacing frequency of isolated SAN tissues and spontaneous Ca

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888183

ABSTRACT

In this study, data of amino acids of Cordyceps samples from Qinghai and Tibet was analyzed with self-organizing map neural network. A model of XY-Fused network was established with the content of 8 major amino acids and total amino acids for the identification of geographical origins of Cordyceps from Qinghai and Tibet. It had the prediction accuracy of 83.3% for the test set. In addition, data mining indicated that methionine was a special kind of amino acid in Cordyceps which could serve as a marker to identify its geographical origins. On this basis, the content ratio of methionine to total amino acids was proposed to be a quantifiable indicator to distinguish Cordyceps from Qinghai and Tibet.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Cordyceps/genetics , Geography , Neural Networks, Computer , Tibet
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of @*METHODS@#A total of 58 participants were included. Of them, 29 patients with insomnia were included into an observation group, and 29 healthy participants were included into a control group. The patients in the observation group were treated with @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 89.7% (26/29) in the observation group. In the observation group, the scores of PSQI, ISI and DISS, the A, B speed of NCT were all decreased after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Emotions , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2458-2466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To discuss the inhibitory effect of lanthanum chloride on the calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs)induced by high phosphorus and its mechanism. METHODS :On the basis of screening the action concentration and time of lanthanum chloride by MTT method ,human VSMCs were divided into control group (1 mmol/L phosphorus solution ), lanthanum chloride high concentration control group (1 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 60 μmol/L lanthanum chloride),model group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution ),sodium chloride group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 180 μmol/L sodium chloride),nuclear factor κB(NF-κB)signaling pathway agonist+lanthanum chloride group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 1 μg/mL lipopolysaccharide+ 60 μmol/L lanthanum chloride),positive control group (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 100 μmol/L sodium pyrophosphate),and lanthanum chloride low ,medium,and high concentration groups (3 mmol/L phosphorus solution+ 15,30,60 μmol/L lanthanum chloride). Alizarin red S staining and Von Kossa staining were used to detect cell calcification in each group after treated with phosphorus solution for 6 d and relevant medicine for 2 d. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression of TNF-α receptor associated protein 6(TRAF6),nuclear factor κB inhibitor protein α(IκBα),NF-κB p65,bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2),smooth muscle 22 α(SM22α)and Runt related transcription factor 2(Runx2). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect mRNA expression of TRAF 6,IκBα,BMP-2,SM22α and Runx2. RESULTS : Compared with control group ,no cell calcification was observed in the lanthanum chloride high concentration control group ,while obvious cell calcification and significant increase of OD value were observed in model group and sodium chloride group (P< 0.01);protein and mRNA expression of TRAF 6 and BMP- 2 in cytoplasm as well as mRNA expression of Runx 2,protein expression of NF-κB p65 and Runx 2 in nucleus were significantly increased (P<0.01);protein and mRNA expression of IκBα and SM22α as well as protein expression of NF-κB p65 in cytoplasm were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with model group,cell calcification was significantly improved in lanthanum chloride groups and positive control group ,while OD values were significantly reduced ;the expression levels of the above-mentioned protein and mRNA were reversed to varying degrees (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with lanthanum chloride high concentration group ,obvious cell calcification was observed in NF-κB signaling pathway agonist + lanthanum chloride group ,and OD value was significantly increased ;the above indexes were significantly reversed in cytoplasm and nucleus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Lanthanum chloride can inhibit the calcification of VSMCs induced by high phosphorus ,and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway activation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886521

ABSTRACT

@#The incidence of rib fracture in patients with chest trauma is about 70%. Simple rib fractures do not need special treatment. Multiple rib fractures and flail chest are critical cases of blunt trauma, which often cause serious clinical consequences and need to be treated cautiously. Nowadays, there is a controversy about the diagnosis and treatment of multiple rib fractures and flail chest. In the past, most of the patients were treated by non-operative treatment, and only less than 1% of the patients with flail chest underwent surgery. In recent years, studies have confirmed that surgical reduction and internal fixation can shorten the hospital stay, and reduce pain and cost for patients with flail chest, but there is still a lack of relevant clinical consensus and guidelines for diagnosis and treatment, which leads to great differences in clinical diagnosis and treatment plans. This article reviewed the treatment, surgical indications and surgical timing of multiple rib fractures and flail chest.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886080

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemic characteristics of hand foot mouth disease (HFMD) and the influence of meteorological factors on the incidence of HFMD in Beijing from 2010 to 2019, and to provide scientific evidence for the warning, prediction, prevention and control of HFMD. Methods Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to analyze the epidemic characteristics of HFMD in Beijing from 2010 to 2019 using R4.0.2 software, and the relationship between meteorological factors such as daily average temperature, daily average relative humidity, daily average precipitation, daily average air pressure, and daily average wind speed and HFMD incidence from 2015 to 2019 was analyzed by using distribution lag nonlinear model. Results In 2010-2019, a total of 324 864 HFMD cases were reported in Beijing, with an average incidence rate of 155.10/100,000. May to July was the annual peak of HFMD. The average daily temperature, relative humidity and precipitation were positively correlated with the incidence of HFMD (Rs=0.66, 0.45 and 0.24, P=0.0000, 0.0000 and 0.0000, respectively). The average daily wind speed and pressure were negatively correlated with the incidence of HFMD (Rs=-0.14 and -0.3, P=2.22×10-9 and 0.0000, respectively). The RR was the highest when the air temperature was 25℃ and at the lag of 10 day, which was 1.41 (95%CI:1.12-1.77). Humid weather conditions were the risk factors of HFMD, and the influence time was relatively long. The RR was the highest when the relative humidity was 84.5% and the lag was 15 days, which was 1.51 (95%CI:1.34-1.70). When daily average wind speed was 3m/s, and the lag was 14 days, the RR was the highest, which was 1.22 (95%CI:0.86-1.73). The RR was the highest when the daily average pressure was 842.5 hPa and the lag was 5 day, which was 1.20 (95%CI:0.66-2.07). When the daily average precipitation was 166.5 mm and the lag was 7 days, the RR was the highest, which was 4.37 (95%CI:1.61-11.84). When the above meteorological conditions were met, the risk of HFMD was the highest. Conclusion Meteorological factors such as daily average temperature, daily average relative humidity, daily average precipitation, daily average pressure and daily average wind speed are closely related to the incidence of HFMD, which is nonlinear and has certain lag. It can be used to predict the risk and epidemic intensity of HFMD, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control, early warning, and prediction of infectious diseases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application value of the mechanical thrombectomy system in the treatment of acute limb ischemia.Methods:The clinical data of 50 patients with lower limb ischemia who were treated with the Rotarex mechanical thrombectomy system from Jun 2017 to Sep 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:In 4 cases of popliteal artery rupture occurred during the operation. The success rate of the operation was 92%. Catheter-directed thrombolysis was used in 7 cases, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was used in 4 cases and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty combined with stent implantation was used in 39 cases. The ankle-brachial index of these 50 patients before and after operation was 0.18±0.24 and 0.64±0.28 respectively ( t=12.87, P<0.001). Treatment was successful in 43 cases. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 24 months, 5 cases were amputated, 2 cases had no improvement of toe ulcer gangrene, 9 cases had thrombus recurrence, and no complications such as bleeding were observed. The primary patency rates at 3, 6 and 12 months were 92%, 84% and 74%, respectively. Conclusion:The mechanical thrombectomy system is safe and effective in the treatment of acute lower limb ischemia with ideal short-term patency.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 365-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects of penile ventral Z-shaped cross flap and penile dorsal pedicled transfer flap in penoplasty for concealed penis.Methods:From January 2017 to June 2019, the data of 151 patients with concealed penis admitted to our hospital was retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the surgical method. 69 cases were treated with penis ventral Z-shaped cross flap to form penis and 82 cases were treated with dorsal penis pedicled flaps to form the penis. In Z-shaped flap group, the penis length of 33 patients with tight scrotum was (3.06±0.25)cm before surgery and the penis length of 36 patients with relaxed scrotum was (2.99±0.28) cm before surgery. In flap with transfer group, the penis length of 39 patients with tight scrotum was (3.04±0.30)cm before surgery and the penis of 43 patients with relaxed scrotum was (3.04±0.24)cm before surgery. The length of the penis after surgery and incidence of postoperative complications were compared between Z-shaped flap group and flap with transfer group. Common complications included penile body retraction, foreskin edema, foreskin stenosis and penile wound splitting.Results:151 patients were followed up for 6-12 months, and all patients were satisfied with penis appearance. There was no penile necrosis or urinary fistula. In Z-shaped flap cross group, the penis length of 33 patients with tight scrotum extended (2.47±0.22)cm after surgery.The penis length of 36 patients with scrotum relaxation extended (2.61±0.27)cm after surgery, 39 patients was adopted the penile dorsal pedicled transfer flap with scrotum tight had extended penis (2.90± 0.16)cm, which significantly different from the Z-shaped flap group( P<0.05). In flap with transfer group, 43 patients with relaxed scrotum extended (2.79±0.18)cm after surgery, which was significantly different from the Z-shaped flap group ( P<0.05). In Z-shaped flap group, 33 patients with scrotum tight, there were 2 cases of penile retraction, 1 case of stenosis of the foreskin, 2 cases of foreskin edema, 2 cases of penile wound rupture. In transfer flap group, of 39 patients with scrotum tight, there was 1 case of foreskin edema. The incidence of complications that adopted the penile dorsal pedicled transfer flap with scrotum tight was lower than those adopted penile ventral Z-shaped cross flap [2.56%(1/39) vs. 21.21%(7/33), P=0.033]. In transfer flap group, of the 43 patients with scrotum relaxation, there were 3 cases of penile retraction, 3 cases of foreskin stenosis, 2 cases of penile ventral foreskin edema, and 1 case of penile wound rupture. Z-shaped flap group: 36 patients was scrotum relaxation was 1 case of foreskin edema. The incidence of complications that adopted the penile dorsal pedicled transfer flap was higer than those adopted penile ventral Z-shaped flap [20.93%(9/43) vs. 2.78%(1/36), P =0.038]. Conclusions:In terms of children with tight scrotum or loose scrotum, the effect of the transfer flap method to extend the penis is better than that of the Z-shaped flap method. However, the transfer flap method has a low complication rate for children with tight scrotum, while the Z-shaped flap method has a low complication rate for children with loose scrotum.

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