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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 75-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006557

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Tangbikang granules on oxidative stress of sciatic nerve in diabetic rats by regulating adenylate activated protein kinase/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α/mitochondrial Sirtuins 3 (AMPK/PGC-1α/SIRT3) signaling pathway. MethodThe spontaneous obesity type 2 diabetes model was established using ZDF rats. After modeling, they were randomly divided into high, medium, and low dose Tangbikang granule groups (2.5, 1.25, 0.625 g·kg-1·d-1) and lipoic acid group (0.026 8 g·kg-1·d-1), and the normal group was set up. The rats were administered continuously for 12 weeks after modeling. The blood glucose of rats was detected before intervention and at 4, 8, 12 weeks after intervention. At the 12th week, motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV), sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV), nerve blood flow velocity, mechanical pain threshold, and thermal pain threshold were detected. The sciatic nerve was taken for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the tissue morphology. The ultrastructure of the sciatic nerve was observed by transmission electron microscope. The expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in sciatic nerve were determined by enzyme-related immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expressions of AMPKα, AMPKβ, PGC-1α, and SIRT3 in sciatic nerve were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the normal group, fasting blood glucose in the model group was increased at each time point (P<0.01). The mechanical pain threshold was decreased (P<0.05), and the incubation time of the hot plate was extended (P<0.01). MNCV, SNCV, and nerve blood flow velocity decreased (P<0.05). The expression level of SOD was decreased (P<0.01). The expression levels of MDA, IL-1β, and TNF-α were increased (P<0.01). The mRNA expression levels of AMPKα, AMPKβ, PGC-1α, and SIRT3 were decreased (P<0.01). The structure of sciatic nerve fibers in the model group was loose, and the arrangement was disordered. The demyelination change was obvious. Compared with the model group, the fasting blood glucose of rats in the high dose Tangbikang granule group was decreased after the intervention of eight weeks and 12 weeks (P<0.01). The mechanical pain threshold increased (P<0.05). The incubation time of the hot plate was shortened (P<0.01). MNCV, SNCV, and Flux increased (P<0.05). The expression level of SOD was increased (P<0.01). The expression levels of MDA, IL-1β, and TNF-α were decreased (P<0.01). The mRNA expression levels of AMPKα, AMPKβ, PGC-1α, and SIRT3 were increased (P<0.01). The sciatic nerve fibers in the high-dose Tangbikang granule group were tighter and more neatly arranged, with only a few demyelinating changes. The high, medium, and low dose Tangbikang granule groups showed a significant dose-effect trend. ConclusionTangbikang granules may improve sciatic nerve function in diabetic rats by regulating AMPK/PGC-1α/SIRT3 signaling pathway partly to inhibit oxidative stress.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3321-3329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999074

ABSTRACT

Magnolol, a hydroquinone containing an allyl side chain, is one of the major active components of magnolia for antioxidation and anti-aging. To enhance the anti-aging activity and improve the intramolecular hydrogen bonding of magnolol, magnolol was reacted with cinnamic acid to obtain 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol by esterification. The anti-aging activity of magnolol 2-O-cinnamate was investigated based on Caenorhabditis elegans model. The results showed that 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol can reduce lipofuscin accumulation in the nematode body, and the effect is better than that of magnolol. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol can extend nematode lifespan, reduce ROS levels in nematodes during normal aging and oxidative stress and improve nematode stress resistance under heat stress and oxidative stress. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol could induce DAF-16 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and upregulate the expression of the sod-3 gene encoding superoxide dismutase in the nematode TJ356 expressing DAF-16 fused with GFP. 2-O-Cinnamic acid magnolol did not improve the survival rate of hsp-16.2 gene deficient nematodes under oxidative stress, indicating that 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol improves stress resistance of nematodes under oxidative stress may be associated with sod-3 and hsp-16.2. Moreover, 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol did not extend the lifespan of daf-16 and age-1 mutants, indicating that age-1 and daf-16 are required for 2-O-cinnamic acid magnolol to delay aging. It showed that magnolol 2-O-cinnamic acid has the potential to improve antioxidant capacity and delay aging, and the mechanism may be related to the insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 546-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996345

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of peripheral cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in patients with reoperation of congenital heart disease. Methods    The perioperative data of patients with congenital heart disease who underwent reoperation in Fuwai Hospital from 2019 to 2020 were retrospectively collected. They were divided into two groups according to the cannulation methods: a central group and a peripheral group. The prognosis of the patients was analyzed. Results     A total of 80 patients were collected, including 43 patients in the central group, and 37 pateints in the peripheral group. In the central group, the median age was 18 (14, 32) years, and 21 patients were male. The median age of the peripheral group was 16 (10, 27 ) years, and 18 patients were male. The CPB time in the peripheral group was 201 (164, 230) min, which was longer than that in the central group [143 (97, 188 ) min, P<0.001]. The lactate after CPB in the peripheral group was statistically higher than that in the central group [2 (1, 2 ) mmol/L vs. 1 (1, 1) mmol/L, P=0.002]. The dosage of albumin use during CPB in the peripheral group was statistically higher than that in the central group [10 (0, 20) g vs. 0 (0, 0) g, P=0.004]. There was no statistical difference in the postoperative dosage of red blood cells use [0 (0, 2) U vs. 0 (0, 0) U, P=0.117], mechanical ventilation time [14 (11, 19) h vs. 13 (10, 15) h, P=0.296], ICU stay time [43 (23, 80) h vs. 40 (20, 67) h, P=0.237] or postoperative hospital stay time [10 (7, 12) d vs. 8 (7, 10) d, P=778] between the two groups. Conclusion    It’s safe and efficient to establish CPB through peripheral cannulation in patients with complex congenital heart disease undergoing reoperation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 612-617, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995767

ABSTRACT

Objective:Machine learning is not only an important branch of artificial intelligence, but also supporting technologies for bioinformatics analysis. In the presence work, four machine-learning-predictive model for the drug-sensitivity of Klebsiella pneumoniae to imipenem were established based on matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and the diagnostic effect of these methods was exmained. Methods:A retrospective study was performed and the data of MALDI-TOF-MS and imipenem sensitivity of a total number of 684 cases Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from clinical specimens in the laboratory of microbiology department of Tianjin Haihe Hospital from 2019 January to 2020 December were collected. The mass spectrometry and imipenem sensitivity data of 70 cases identified as imipenem-sensitive and 70 resistant cases were simple randomly selected to establish the training set model; whereas 30 cases of sensitive and 30 cases of resistant cases were randomly selected to establish the test set model. Mass spectral peak data were subjected to Orthogonal Partial least squares Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA). The training set data model was established by machine learning least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm, Logistic Regression (LR) algorithm, Support vector machines (SVM) algorithm, neural network (NN) algorithm. The area under the curve (AUC) and confusion matrix of training set and test set model were calculated and selected by Grid search and 10-fold Cross-validation respectively, the accuracy of the prediction model was verified by test set confusion matrix. Results:The R2Y and Q2 of OPLS-DA were 0.546 3 and 0.017 8. The AUC of the best training set and test set models were 1.000 0 and 0.858 1, 1.000 0 and 0.820 1, 0.940 8 and 0.756 1, 1.000 0 and 0.697 2 evaluated by LASSO, LR, SVM and NN model respectively. The accuracy of the model were 99% (69/70), 100% (70/70), 91% (64/70) and 100% (70/70) for prediction of drug resistance, 100% (70/70), 100% (70/70), 90% (63/70) and 100% (70/70) for drug sensitivity prediction, the correct rate were 99% (139/140), 100% (140/140), 91% (127/140) and 100% (140/140) in training set, the test set showed that the accuracy were 93% (28/30), 87% (26/30), 60% (18/30) and 60% (18/30) for prediction of drug resistance, 100% (30/30), 80% (24/30), 93% (28/30) and 67% (20/30) for drug sensitivity prediction, the correct rate were 97% (58/60), 83% (50/60), 77% (46/60) and 63% (38/60) by LASSO, LR, SVM and NN model respectively.Conclusion:The LASSO prediction model of Klebsiella pneumoniae sensitivity to imipenem established in this study has a high accuracy rate and has potential clinical decision support ability.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 142-147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the use of right internal mammary artery (RIMA) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in our center, summarize the purpose and configuration of RIMA graft in CABG.Methods:All clinical data of coronary artery bypass grafting patients in our center performed in the past 6 years were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Those patients were divided into RIMA group and non-RIMA group according to the use of RIMA. Propensity score matching had been performed before these data was compared. Surgical technique of use of RIMA was summarized.Results:1 537 CABG had been performed from January 1st, 2016 to October 31st, 2021 in our center. Of which, 128 cases were allocated to RIMA group. After propensity score matching having been performed, there was no difference in baseline data between the RIMA group and the non-RIMA group (128 cases), and the RIMA group had more grafts and arterial grafts than the non-RIMA group. The postoperative drainage volume in the RIMA group was more than that of the non-RIMA group. However, there was no statistical significance in difference of transfusion between two groups. Also, there was no difference in postoperative mechanical ventilation time, ICU time and length of stay postoperatively. The postoperative complications were similar between two groups. Postoperative patency rate of the RIMA graft was as high as 95.2%. The target vessels of RIMA included left anterior descending branch (45 cases), diagonal branch (19 cases), intermediate branch (12 cases). obtuse marginal or circumflex branch (16 cases), posterior descending branch (5 cases) and right coronary trunk (18 cases). 41 RIMA used as free grafts, 87 used as in situ grafts, of which 19 RIMA need lengthened by other graft vessels.Conclusion:The patency rate of RIMA graft is high and the application of RIMA do not increase the surgical risk significantly. However, there are versatile contour of RIMA grafts. It can be used as artery graft in selected patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 704-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993251

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reconstruct the dose of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and verify the results of the whole-process radiotherapy plan based on log files and cone beam CT (CBCT).Methods:A total of 15 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma who received volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) with Halcyon accelerator in the Cancer Center of Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from February to September 2022 were retrospectively selected. Log files and CBCT for all fractionated radiotherapy were recorded. The errors of monitor unit (MU), gantry angle, and multi-leaf collimator (MLC) leaf position per control point were analyzed. The adaptive CT (aCT) were generated according to CBCT and planned CT (pCT) using a commercial software Velocity TM, and the similarities among aCT, pCT and CBCT were analyzed. The original plan was modified from the log files and imported into the treatment planning system to calculate the delivered dose on the corresponding fractionated aCT to reconstruct the fractionated dose. And all the reconstructed doses were mapped back to pCT to obtain the cumulative dose. Theγpass ratios with criteria of 2 mm/2% and 2 mm/3% and the dose differences between the planned dose and the cumulative dose in the planning target volume (PTV) and organs at risk (OAR) were compared. Results:The root mean square (RMS) and the 95th percentile of the errors of MU, gantry angle and MLC leaf position errors were within an acceptable range. The aCT generated by Velocity TM had the anatomical structure of CBCT and the resolution, contrast, noise characteristics of pCT, which could be directly used for dose calculation. Compared with the planned dose, the changes of V 70 Gy of nasopharyngeal primary tumor (PTV nx), V 68 Gy of cervical glands (PTV nd) and V 60 Gy of planning target volume (PTV1) were -0.88%±1.91%, -2.99%±2.99% and -0.63%±0.93%, respectively, and V 40 Gy of parotid gland was increased to 2.65%±2.63%. Cumulative dose showed different degrees of PTV dose decrease ( P<0.05) and parotid dose was increased ( P<0.05). The γ pass ratio (2 mm/3%) between the cumulative dose and planned dose was 97.3%±2.7% and >95.0% in 86.7% of patients. Conclusions:Based on the log files and CBCT, the whole-process dose reconstruction of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients can be carried out. According to the results of dose reconstruction, the radiotherapy effect of the target area and OAR can be quantitatively evaluated. In the case of high dose coverage and conformity of the original plan, the reconstruction results show that the cumulative dose coverage of the target area is decreased, whereas that of the parotid gland is increased.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 407-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effectiveness between arthroscopic hollow screws combined with a suture anchor, hollow screws and proximal humerus internal locking system (PHILOS) in the treatment of split-type fractures of humeral greater tuberosity.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 54 patients with split-type fracture of humeral greater tuberosity who had been admitted to Department of Joint Surgery, Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Affiliated to Southwest Medical University from May 2015 to August 2020. There were 17 males and 37 females with an age of (58.4±12.1) years. According to different treatment methods, they were divided into 3 groups. Group A of 18 cases was treated with arthroscopic hollow screws combined with a suture anchor, group B of 18 cases with hollow screws, and group C of 18 cases with PHILOS. The length of surgical incision, and range of shoulder motion, visual analogue scale (VAS), and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score at the last follow-up were recorded and compared between the 3 groups.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general information between the 3 groups, indicating the 3 groups were comparable ( P>0.05). The surgical incision in group A [(0.7±0.1) cm] was the shortest, followed by (5.0±1.4) cm in group B, and (12.8±2.1) cm in group C, showing statistically significant differences in pairwise comparison ( P<0.05). In the 3 groups at the last follow-up, respectively, the shoulder forward flexion was 159.7°±13.4°, 154.9°±16.2°, and 160.5°±12.9°, and the shoulder abduction 149.6°±11.3°, 142.4°±12.0°, and 145.1°±10.4°, showing no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups ( P>0.05); the external rotation was 41.1°±8.1°, 38.1°±7.8° and 43.7°±6.2°, showing a statistically significant difference between groups B and C ( P<0.05); the dorsal extension was T 12 (L 5 to T 6), T 12 (L 5 to T 7), and T 12 (L 3 to T 6), showing no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups ( P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups in the VAS score or ASES score at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). Respectively, there were 2, 6, and 4 patients in groups A, B and C who developed complications, showing statistically significant differences between the 3 groups ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of split fractures of humeral greater tuberosity, arthroscopic hollow screws combined with a suture anchor, hollow screws and PHILOS can all relieve pain and restore joint function of the shoulder. However, arthroscopic hollow screws combined with a suture anchor are the most recommendable due to their advantages in minimally invasiveness and reduction in complications.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 254-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the short-term efficacy of fixation with a 3D printed individualized custom-made plate in the treatment of elderly patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed were the 5 elderly patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture who had been treated by fixation with a 3D printed individualized custom-made plate from January 2022 to July 2022 at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. There were 3 males and 2 females, aged 81, 86, 77, 91 and 87 years, respectively. One left and 4 right limbs were affected. Vancouver classification: type B1 ( n=3), type B2 ( n=1), and type C ( n=1). The time from operation to injury was 5, 6, 10, 5 and 7 days, respectively. Preoperatively, the femur affected, prosthesis and individualized plate with a greater trochanteric hook, loop cable channel and bone-like trabecular microporous structure were custom-made by 3D printing according to 1:1 models. Virtual operations were simulated to formulate surgical protocols. The operation time, length of surgical incision, intraoperative blood loss and transfusion, hospital stay, hip function and complications at the last follow-up were recorded. Results:The 5 patients were followed up for 12, 7, 10, 3 and 6 months, respectively. There were no events of superficial incision or deep prosthesis infection. Respectively, the operation time was 1.8, 1.7, 2.3, 2.0 and 3.3 h; the length of surgical incision 31, 30, 38, 27 and 30 cm; the intraoperative bleeding volume 400, 300, 300, 500 and 600 mL; the length of hospital stay 8, 9, 15, 14 and 11 d. Four patients received intraoperative blood transfusion of 300, 900, 150 and 1, 050 mL, respectively. One patient died of a heart attack 3 months after discharge; another patient developed dyskinesia at the contralateral limb 3 months after discharge due to cerebral infarction and died of recurrent cerebral infarction 7 months after discharge. At the last follow-up, the Harris hip scores of 3 patients were 86, 77 and 69 points, respectively. None of the patients had complications like breakage or loosening of implants.Conclusion:In the treatment of elderly patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture, fixation with a 3D printed individualized custom-made plate may lead to fine limb function and good short-term curative efficacy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 447-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of childhood infectious diseases in a single center in Beijing City from 2007 to 2021, and to provide scientific basis for the management of infectious diseases in hospitals.Methods:The clinical data of outpatients or inpatients aged<18 years old with infectious diseases recorded in the Nationwide Health Information-based Disease Control and Prevention Information System of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2021 were collected. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the types of infectious diseases, population distribution, time distribution characteristics, as well as the etiological characteristics of major infectious diseases.Results:There were 219 260 cases reported, accounting for 5.73‰(219 260/38 295 800) of the total number of hospital cases, with two peaks of 25 469 and 22 928 cases in 2010 and 2019, respectively. The main category of infectious diseases was class C, accounting for 77.51%(169 947/219 260). According to the classification of transmission routes, fecal-oral transmission infectious diseases were the most common, with 144 712 cases (66.00%), followed by air and droplet transmission infectious diseases with 73 946 cases (33.73%), showing an increasing trend by year. The top five diseases in terms of incidence were hand, foot and mouth disease (114 864 cases), influenza (28 703 cases), varicella (22 190 cases), other infectious diarrheal diseases (21 040 cases) and scarlet fever (11 500 cases). Among the 219 260 children, there were 131 546 males and 87 714 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.5 to 1. Children aged≤6 years old comprised the majority, with a total of 189 593 cases (86.47%). The peak period of infectious diseases reporting was from May to July. Hand, foot and mouth disease was mainly caused by Coxsackie virus A16(35.02%(1 258/3 592)), while Coxsackie virus A6 had been increasing rapidly since 2017. The main pathogen of influenza was influenza A virus (62.18%(7 400/11 900)), while other infectious diarrhea was mainly caused by rotavirus (87.55%(4 283/4 892)).Conclusions:There is an intermittent outbreak in the incidence of childhood infectious diseases, and air and droplet transmission infectious diseases have shown an upward trend in recent years. Hand, foot and mouth disease, influenza, varicella, other infectious diarrheal diseases and scarlet fever are the main infectious diseases affecting children. Different diseases have the characteristics of age and onset season. The prevention and control of infectious diseases should be updated gradually according to the epidemic trend. Proper protection should be taken during peak seasons and for key populations.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 702-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To illustrate the onset of epileptic seizures in children with brain injury admitted in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to explore the risk factors and the correlation between epileptic seizures and the prognosis.Methods:Clinical data of pediatric patients with brain injury who were admitted to PICU of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019, and monitored by video electroencephalography (VEEG) were retrospectively collected, including general demographic information, etiological data, clinical seizures prior to VEEG performing, in-hospital mortality, brain function score, VEEG manifestations, etc.Seizures detected by VEEG were the primary outcome, and prognosis when discharged from PICU was the secondary outcome. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors associated with seizures and poor outcome. Results:A total of 284 children were included, involving 54.9%(156/284) males.The median age of included children was 1.7(0.5, 5.0) years.Stratified by the cause of disease, 45.1%(128/284) had epilepsy, 26.1%(74/128) had genetic metabolic disease, and 14.4%(41/284) had central nervous system infection.A total of 82.0%(233/284) children had abnormal VEEG background activities, and 59.5%(169/284) had interictal epileptic discharges.Seizures were detected in 106 cases, including 39.6%(42/106) of non-convulsive seizures and 24.5%(26/106) of non-convulsive epileptic states.There were 12.0% (34/284) had poor prognosis at discharge, including 24 patients died in-hospital, and Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category scores were increased in 10 survivors.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that seizures existed before VEEG monitoring and interictal epileptiform discharge were the independent risk factors for seizure.Besides, mental retardation, sepsis related encephalopathy, consciousness abnormality during VEEG, abnormal VEEG background activity, and epileptic status were significantly correlated with the poor prognosis of children with brain injury in PICU. Conclusions:The incidence of electrographic seizure is higher in children with brain injury in PICU, and VEEG monitoring is beneficial to children with brain injury that achieves an early identification of seizures and prediction of prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 20-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989986

ABSTRACT

China has classified the Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19) as a statutory category B infectious disease and managed it according to Category B since January 8, 2023.In view that Omicron variant is currently the main epidemic strain in China, in order to guide the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) infection in children with the times, refer to the Diagnosis and Treatment Protocol for Novel Coronavirus Infection (Trial 10 th Edition), Expert Consensus on Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Infection in Children (Fourth Edition) and the Diagnosis and Treatment Strategy for Pediatric Related Viral Infections.The Expert Consensus on the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Infection in Children (Fifth Edition) has been formulated and updated accordingly on related etiology, epidemiology, pathogenic mechanism, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination, diagnosis and treatment, and added key points for the treatment of COVID-19 related encephalopathy, fulminating myocarditis and other serious complications for clinical reference.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 396-400,F2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of miR-1249-5p on the proliferation, metastasis and cell cycle of PC-3 cell in prostate cancer.Methods:The relationship between the expression level of miR-1249-5p and the overall survival of prostate cancer patients was analyzed using OncoMir Cancer Database (OMCD). The human prostate cancer cell line PC-3 was divided into two groups: miR-1249-5p group and negative control group. Mediated by Lipofectamine 2000, miR-1249-5p mimics liposome complex or negative miRNA liposome complex were transfected into PC-3 cell at logarithmic growth stage. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-1249-5p in PC-3 cell of two groups. Colony formation assay was used to detect the changes of the proliferation ability of PC-3 cell in the two groups. Transwell experiment was used to detect the changes of PC-3 cell invasion in the two groups, and the cell cycle changes of the two groups of PC-3 were detected by flow cytometry. The miRNA prediction software miRGator was used to predict the target gene of miR-1249-5p. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the target gene expression of miR-1249-5p. Measurement data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between two groups. Results:Compared with prostate cancer patients with low miR-1249-5p expression, prostate cancer patients with higher miR-1249-5p expression had longer overall survival, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The expression level of miR-1249-5p in the miR-1249-5p group (10.74±1.19) was significantly higher than that of the negative control group (1.56±0.27), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The number of colonies formed in the miR-1249-5p group (35.86±6.94) was significantly less than that in the negative control group (88.94±11.66), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The number of transmembrane cells [(25.01±6.83)/high power field of view] in the miR-1249-5p group was significantly less than that of the negative control group [(82.76±8.35)/high power field of view], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The proportion of cells in the G 0-G 1 phase in the miR-1249-5p group [(50.79±6.61)%] was significantly higher than that in the negative control group [(27.09±2.30)%], the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01), and PC-3 cell were inhibited in the G 0-G 1 phase. Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 9 ( NEDD9) may be the target gene of miR-1249-5p. Compared with the negative control group, the NEDD9 gene expression in the miR-1249-5p group was significantly lower than that of the negative control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusion:miR-1249-5p can inhibit the proliferation, metastasis and cell cycle of PC-3 cell in prostate cancer, which may be achieved by negatively regulating the expression of proto-oncogene NEDD9.

13.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 809-815, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988727

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the current situation of turnover intention of staffs in Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) in the post-COVID-19 era and analyze the influencing factors of turnover intention, so as to provide policy suggestions and reference basis for maintaining the stability of the team of CDC and promote the development of health industry in China. MethodsA questionnaire survey on 1,508 staffs in Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention by means of WenJuanXing electronic questionnaire from January to February 2023 was conducted .Logistic stepwise regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of turnover intention. ResultsAmong the 1,508 respondents, 583 (38.66%) had resignation intention. Logistic stepwise regression analysis showed that the scores of work arrangement, salary level ,professional title promotion system, occupational will,worry about job prospects were related to the generation of turnover intention [OR 95%CI: 0.783(0.643, 0.952); 0.531(0.452, 0.623); 0.738(0.614, 0.887); 0.605(0.520, 0.703); 0.614(0.529, 0.714)]. In addition, job title, age and education were also related to generation of turnover intention (P <0.05). ConclusionDisease prevention and control institutions should reduce the turnover intention of staffs in CDC through reasonable work arrangement, improvement of salary, adjustment of professional title promotion system, strengthening of professional cognition and enhancing confidence of personnel in career prospects.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1248-1255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013768

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of cantharidin ( CTD) on platelet function and the mechanism of anti-platelet aggregation. Methods Washed platelets were collected from the venous blood of healthy volunteers. The effect of CTD on platelet aggregation and release was determined by aggregometer. The CTD concentration was 2.5 ,5 ,10 μmol • L

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 728-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare therapy responses, outcomes, and incidence of severe hematologic adverse events of flumatinib and imatinib in patients newly diagnosed with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) . Methods: Data of patients with chronic phase CML diagnosed between January 2006 and November 2022 from 76 centers, aged ≥18 years, and received initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy within 6 months after diagnosis in China were retrospectively interrogated. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce the bias of the initial TKI selection, and the therapy responses and outcomes of patients receiving initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy were compared. Results: A total of 4 833 adult patients with CML receiving initial imatinib (n=4 380) or flumatinib (n=453) therapy were included in the study. In the imatinib cohort, the median follow-up time was 54 [interquartile range (IQR), 31-85] months, and the 7-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.2%, 88.4%, 78.3%, and 63.0%, respectively. The 7-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 71.8%, 93.0%, and 96.9%, respectively. With the median follow-up of 18 (IQR, 13-25) months in the flumatinib cohort, the 2-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.4%, 86.5%, 58.4%, and 46.6%, respectively. The 2-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 80.1%, 95.0%, and 99.5%, respectively. The PSM analysis indicated that patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had significantly higher cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) and higher probabilities of FFS than those receiving the initial imatinib therapy (all P<0.001), whereas the PFS (P=0.230) and OS (P=0.268) were comparable between the two cohorts. The incidence of severe hematologic adverse events (grade≥Ⅲ) was comparable in the two cohorts. Conclusion: Patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had higher cumulative incidences of therapy responses and higher probability of FFS than those receiving initial imatinib therapy, whereas the incidence of severe hematologic adverse events was comparable between the two cohorts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Imatinib Mesylate/adverse effects , Incidence , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pyrimidines/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Benzamides/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase/drug therapy , Aminopyridines/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
16.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 579-590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001996

ABSTRACT

Aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is a rapidly progressive renal interstitial fibrosis caused by medical or environmental exposure to aristolochic acid (AA). Since the outbreak of AAN in Belgium was reported nearly 30 years ago, the safety of herbal remedies has drawn considerable attention, and AAN has become a global public health problem. Breakthroughs have been made to better understand the disease, including the toxicity of AAs, the possible mechanisms of AAN, the disease patterns, and the pathological features; however, some critical problems remain unresolved. Because of the insidious onset of the disease, the incidence of AAN and the prevalence of exposure to AAs are unknown and might be largely underestimated. During the past decades, AA-containing herbs have been strictly administrated in many regions and the occurrence of AAN has declined sharply, yet cases of AAN are still sporadically reported. Despite the progress in the understanding of the disease’s pathogenesis, there is no effective treatment for delaying or reversing the renal deterioration caused by AAN. Therefore, the risk of exposure to AAs should be taken seriously by public health workers and clinicians. In this review, we updated the latest data on AAN, summarized the advances throughout these years, and put forward some challenges for future research.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 209-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970269

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the differences in clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric septic shock in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) among hospitals of different levels. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 368 children with septic shock treated in the PICU of Beijing Children's Hospital, Henan Children's Hospital, and Baoding Children's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021. Their clinical data were collected, including the general information, location of onset (community or hospital-acquired), severity, pathogen positivity, consistence of guideline (the rate of standard attainment at 6 h after resuscitation and the rate of anti-infective drug administration within 1 h after diagnosis), treatment, and in-hospital mortality. The 3 hospitals were national, provincial, and municipal, respectively. Furthermore, the patients were divided into the tumor group and the non-tumor group, and into the in-hospital referral group and the outpatient or emergency admission group. Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze the data. Results: The 368 patients aged 32 (11, 98) months, of whom 223 were males and 145 females. There were 215, 107, and 46 patients with septic shock, with males of 141, 51, and 31 cases, from the national, provincial, and municipal hospitals, respectively. The difference in pediatric risk of mortality Ⅲ (PRISM Ⅲ) scores among the national,provincial and municipal group was statistically significant (26(19, 32) vs.19(12, 26) vs. 12(6, 19), Z=60.25,P<0.001). The difference in community acquired septic shock among the national,provincial and municipal group was statistically significant (31.6%(68/215) vs. 84.1%(90/107) vs. 91.3%(42/46), χ2=108.26,P<0.001). There were no significant differences in compliance with guidelines among the 3 groups (P>0.05). The main bacteria detected in the national group were Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.4% (12/78)) and Staphylococcus aureus (15.4% (12/78)); in the provincial group were Staphylococcus aureus (19.0% (12/63)) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12.7% (8/63)), and in the municipal group were Streptococcus pneumoniae (40.0% (10/25)) and Enteric bacilli (16.0% (4/25)). The difference in the proportion of virus and the proportion of 3 or more initial antimicrobials used among the national,provincial and municipal group was statistically significant (27.7% (43/155) vs. 14.9% (13/87) vs. 9.1% (3/33), 22.8%(49/215) vs. 11.2%(12/107) vs. 6.5%(3/46), χ2=8.82, 10.99, both P<0.05). There was no difference in the in-hospital mortality among the 3 groups (P>0.05). Regarding the subgroups of tumor and non-tumor, the national group had higher PRISM Ⅲ (31(24, 38) vs. 22 (21, 28) vs.16 (9, 22), 24 (18, 30) vs. 17(8, 24) vs. 10 (5, 16), Z=30.34, 10.45, both P<0.001), and it was the same for the subgroups of in-hospital referral and out-patient or emergency admission (29 (21, 39) vs. 23 (17, 30) vs. 15 (10, 29), 23 (17, 29) vs. 18 (10, 24) vs. 11 (5, 16), Z=20.33, 14.25, both P<0.001) as compared to the provincial and municipal group. There was no significant difference in the in-hospital mortality among the 2 pairs of subgroups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: There are differences in the severity, location of onset, pathogen composition, and initial antibiotics of pediatric septic shock in children's hospitals of different levels, but no differences in compliance with guidelines and in-hospital survival rate.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Shock, Septic/therapy , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Hospitals, Pediatric
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 141-149, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970034

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Evidence on the relations of the American Heart Association's ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) with mortality in Asians is sparse, and the interaction between behavioral and medical metrics remained unclear. We aimed to fill the gaps.@*METHODS@#A total of 198,164 participants without cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) were included from the China Kadoorie Biobank study (2004-2018), Dongfeng-Tongji cohort (2008-2018), and Kailuan study (2006-2019). Four behaviors (i.e., smoking, physical activity, diet, body mass index) and three medical factors (i.e., blood pressure, blood glucose, and blood lipid) were classified into poor, intermediate, and ideal levels (0, 1, and 2 points), which constituted 8-point behavioral, 6-point medical, and 14-point ICH scores. Results of Cox regression from three cohorts were pooled using random-effects models of meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#During about 2 million person-years, 20,176 deaths were recorded. After controlling for demographic characteristics and alcohol drinking, hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) comparing ICH scores of 10-14 vs. 0-6 were 0.52 (0.41-0.67), 0.44 (0.37-0.53), 0.54 (0.45-0.66), and 0.86 (0.64-1.14) for all-cause, CVD, respiratory, and cancer mortality. A higher behavioral or medical score was independently associated with lower all-cause and CVD mortality among the total population and populations with different levels of behavioral or medical health equally, and no interaction was observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ICH was associated with lower all-cause, CVD, and respiratory mortality among Chinese adults. Both behavioral and medical health should be improved to prevent premature deaths.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , East Asian People , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoking
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 434-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986811

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To construct a nomogram incorporating important prognostic factors for predicting the overall survival of patients with colorectal cancer with peritoneal metastases treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), the aim being to accurately predict such patients' survival rates. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. Relevant clinical and follow-up data of patients with colorectal cancer with peritoneal metastases treated by CRS + HIPEC in the Department of Peritoneal Cancer Surgery, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2007 January to 2020 December were collected and subjected to Cox proportional regression analysis. All included patients had been diagnosed with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer and had no detectable distant metastases to other sites. Patients who had undergone emergency surgery because of obstruction or bleeding, or had other malignant diseases, or could not tolerate treatment because of severe comorbidities of the heart, lungs, liver or kidneys, or had been lost to follow-up, were excluded. Factors studied included: (1) basic clinicopathological characteristics; (2) details of CRS+HIPEC procedures; (3) overall survival rates; and (4) independent factors that influenced overall survival; the aim being to identify independent prognostic factors and use them to construct and validate a nomogram. The evaluation criteria used in this study were as follows. (1) Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) scores were used to quantitatively assess the quality of life of the study patients. The lower the score, the worse the patient's condition. (2) A peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was calculated by dividing the abdominal cavity into 13 regions, the highest score for each region being three points. The lower the score, the greater is the value of treatment. (3) Completeness of cytoreduction score (CC), where CC-0 and CC-1 denote complete eradication of tumor cells and CC-2 and CC-3 incomplete reduction of tumor cells. (4) To validate and evaluate the nomogram model, the internal validation cohort was bootstrapped 1000 times from the original data. The accuracy of prediction of the nomogram was evaluated with the consistency coefficient (C-index), and a C-index of 0.70-0.90 suggest that prediction by the model was accurate. Calibration curves were constructed to assess the conformity of predictions: the closer the predicted risk to the standard curve, the better the conformity. Results: The study cohort comprised 240 patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer who had undergone CRS+HIPEC. There were 104 women and 136 men of median age 52 years (10-79 years) and with a median preoperative KPS score of 90 points. There were 116 patients (48.3%) with PCI≤20 and 124 (51.7%) with PCI>20. Preoperative tumor markers were abnormal in 175 patients (72.9%) and normal in 38 (15.8%). HIPEC lasted 30 minutes in seven patients (2.9%), 60 minutes in 190 (79.2%), 90 minutes in 37 (15.4%), and 120 minutes in six (2.5%). There were 142 patients (59.2%) with CC scores 0-1 and 98 (40.8%) with CC scores 2-3. The incidence of Grade III to V adverse events was 21.7% (52/240). The median follow-up time is 15.3 (0.4-128.7) months. The median overall survival was 18.7 months, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 65.8%, 37.2% and 25.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that KPS score, preoperative tumor markers, CC score, and duration of HIPEC were independent prognostic factors. In the nomogram constructed with the above four variables, the predicted and actual values in the calibration curves for 1, 2 and 3-year survival rates were in good agreement, the C-index being 0.70 (95% CI: 0.65-0.75). Conclusions: Our nomogram, which was constructed with KPS score, preoperative tumor markers, CC score, and duration of HIPEC, accurately predicts the survival probability of patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer treated with cytoreductive surgery plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Nomograms , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Quality of Life , Hyperthermia, Induced , Prognosis , Combined Modality Therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 382-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984733

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze poly-guanine (poly-G) genotypes and construct the phylogenetic tree of colorectal cancer (CRC) and provide an efficient and convenient method for the study of intra-tumor heterogeneity and tumor metastasis pathway. Methods: The clinicopathological information of patients with primary colorectal cancer resection with regional lymph node metastases were retrospectively collected in the Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from January 2017 to December 2017. The paraffin sections of the paired tumor samples were performed consecutively, and multi-region microdissection was performed after histogene staining. The phenol-chloroform extraction and ethanol precipitation scheme was used to obtain DNA, and Poly-G multiplex PCR amplification and capillary electrophoresis detection were performed. The correlation between Poly-G mutation frequency and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Based on the difference of Poly-G genotypes between paired samples, the distance matrix was calculated, and the phylogenetic tree was constructed to clarify the tumor metastasis pathway. Results: A total of 237 paired samples were collected from 20 patients including 134 primary lesions, 66 lymph node metastases, 37 normal tissues, and Poly-G mutation was detected in 20 patients (100%). The mutation frequency of Poly-G in low and undifferentiated patients was (74.10±23.11)%, higher than that in high and medium differentiated patients [(31.36±12.04)%, P<0.001]. In microsatellite instability patients, the mutation frequency of Poly-G was (68.19±24.80)%, which was higher than that in microsatellite stable patients [(32.40±14.90)%, P=0.003]. The Poly-G mutation frequency was not correlated with age, gender, and pathological staging (all P>0.05). Based on Poly-G genotype difference of the paired samples, the phylogenetic trees of 20 patients were constructed, showing the evolution process of the tumor, especially the subclonal origins of lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: Poly-G mutations accumulate in the occurrence and development of CRC, and can be used as genetic markers to generate reliable maps of intratumor heterogeneity in large numbers of patients with minimal time and cost expenditure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Poly G , Phylogeny , Mutation , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
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