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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 385-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922909

ABSTRACT

The potential application of dendritic cells (DC) sensitized with cytosine-phosphoric acid-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) and tumor antigen as a vaccine against murine melanoma was investigated with freshly isolated mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. For the DC vaccine preparation, DC were sensitized with the B16 tumor antigen and CpG ODN was used to promote further maturation of the DC. The immunogenic activity of the vaccine was evaluated in vitro by determining the proliferation of T lymphocytes and the killing effect of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) on B16 tumor cells. The DC vaccine was injected intraperitoneally and tumor inhibition in mice bearing B16 xenografts was examined. All mice were cared for under an approved SIMM Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) protocol. In vitro, this DC vaccine promoted the proliferation of T lymphocytes and showed a potent killing effect on the target B16 cells. In vivo experiments showed that after treatment or pre-immunization both the tumor volume and weight were significantly decreased. The DC vaccine with CpG ODN and tumor antigen exhibited an inhibitory effect against melanoma, providing a potential method for melanoma cancer treatment.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922089

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by the malfunction of pancreatic β cells. Susceptibility and pathogenesis of T2D can be affected by multiple factors, including sex differences. However, the mechanisms underlying sex differences in T2D susceptibility and pathogenesis remain unclear. Using single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), we demonstrate the presence of sexually dimorphic transcriptomes in mouse β cells. Using a high-fat diet-induced T2D mouse model, we identified sex-dependent T2D altered genes, suggesting sex-based differences in the pathological mechanisms of T2D. Furthermore, based on islet transplantation experiments, we found that compared to mice with sex-matched islet transplants, sex-mismatched islet transplants in healthy mice showed down-regulation of genes involved in the longevity regulating pathway of β cells. Moreover, the diabetic mice with sex-mismatched islet transplants showed impaired glucose tolerance. These data suggest sexual dimorphism in T2D pathogenicity, indicating that sex should be considered when treating T2D. We hope that our findings could provide new insights for the development of precision medicine in T2D.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3162-3178, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921414

ABSTRACT

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) not only serves as the material basis of biological inheritance, but also shows great potential in the development of novel biological materials due to its programmability, functional diversity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. DNA hydrogel is a three-dimensional mesh polymer material mainly formed by DNA. It has become one of the most interesting emerging functional polymer materials in recent years because of the perfect combination of the DNA biological properties that it retained and the mechanical properties of its own skeleton. At present, single- or multi-component DNA hydrogels developed based on various functional nucleic acid sequences or by combining different functional materials have been widely used in the field of biomedicine, molecular detection, and environmental protection. In this paper, the development of preparation methods and classification strategies of DNA hydrogels are summarized, and the applications of DNA hydrogels in drug delivery, biosensing and cell culture are also reviewed. Finally, the future development direction and potential challenges of DNA hydrogels are prospected.


Subject(s)
DNA/genetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Polymers
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the indication, risk, postoperative complications and corresponding treatment strategies of minimally invasive coronary surgery.Methods:Reviewed 505 cases of minimally invasive single coronary artery bypass grafting completed in our center from November 2005 to March 2019, including 381 males(75.4%) and 124 females(24.6%). 479 cases were via left anterior small thoracotomy(MIDCAB), 21 cases were assisted by the Davinci system(RA-MIDCAB), and 5 cases were via distal mini-sternotomy(DIMS-CABG). Recorded and analyzed the patient's basic condition, surgical data, postoperative complications and treatment, and postoperative follow-up results.Results:7 cases of MIDCAB were converted into median sternotomy due to LIMA injury or pleural adhesion. Another 7 LIMA injury cases used RIMA or SVG anastomosed with LIMA to complete the revascularization. 6 cases underwent reoperation due to bleeding. 4 cases of postoperative myocardial infarction, 1 of which dead. 2 cases of stroke. 81 patients followed up with coronary CT or arteriography. And there were 8 occlusive grafts(9.88%). 405 patients completed telephone follow-up, all patients survived, good quality of life, no heart or cerebrovascular events.Conclusion:Minimally invasive single coronary artery bypass grafting is a safe and effective operation. Preoperative detailed assessment, careful operation during surgery, adequate contingency planning and reasonable response measures can further reduce the occurrence of complications.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1148-1154, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognosis of movement disorders in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis.Methods:The prospectively collected data of hospitalized 163 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis admitted to Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2012 to October 2019 were analyzed. According to the presence of movement disorders, the patients were divided into movement disorders group (75 cases, 46.0%) and non-movement disorders group (88 cases, 54.0%). Patients were followed up for six months and 12 months after immunotherapy. The clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations, treatment and prognosis of the two groups were compared.Results:Among 163 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, 91 patients (55.8%) were male and 72 patients (44.2%) were female, with an age of 26(19, 34) years. In the 75 patients of the movement disorders group, 50 patients (66.7%) presented with orofacial dyskinesia, 45 patients (60%) with limb stereotypies, 28 patients (37.3%) with choreoathetosis, nine patients (12.0%) with ballism, seven patients (9.3%) with bradykinesia, five patients (6.7%) with tremor, and 13 patients (17.3%) with status dystonicus. Compared with the non-movement disorders group, the movement disorders group had a higher proportion of ovarian teratoma (14.7% vs 3.4%), modified Rankin Scale score of 3-5 before immunotherapy (76.0% vs 33.0%), abnormal electroencephalogram (89.3% vs 77.3%), increased lumbar puncture pressure (53.3% vs 34.1%), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis (73.3% vs 51.1%), strong positive NMDAR antibody of CSF (44.0% vs 25.0%), admitting to intensive care unit (60.0% vs 9.1%), treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (80.0% vs 40.9%), plasma exchange (36.0% vs 3.4%), and immunosuppressive therapy (37.2% vs 17.0%); had shorter days from the onset to the beginning of immunotherapy [20(10, 33) d vs 35(15, 77) d]; had longer days from the beginning of immunotherapy to the improvement [34(20, 60) d vs 20(15, 35) d]; and there were significant differences of above items between the two groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the prognosis and relaps between the two groups at six and 12 months after immunotherapy. Conclusions:Nearly a half of patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis had movement disorders with multiple phenotypes. The severity of movement disorders was related to the severity of the disease. After active immunotherapy and symptomatic treatment, movement disorders improved with the improvement of primary disease in majority of patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of bedside lung ultrasound score(LUS)in evaluating patients with primary graft dysfunction(PGD)after lung transplantation.Methods:A total of 35 PGD patients after lung transplantation in surgical intensive care unit from June 2018 to May 2020 were selected as research objects. After lung transplantation, one physician collected the clinical data, including age, gender, preoperative 24 h APACHE II score, postoperative hemodynamic parameters, lactate and respiratory parameters; another physician was responsible for LUS examination and LUS at 12/24/48/72 h post-operation. The correlation between LUS and oxygenation index was analyzed by bivariate correlation analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)was utilized for calculating the predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of LUS score for severe PGD.Results:A negative correlation existed between LUS and oxygenation index in single lung transplant( r=-0.536, P<0.01)and a negative correlation between LUS and oxygenation index ( r=-0.518, P<0.01)in double lung transplant. The area under ROC curve of LUS showed that the predictive value of LUS of severe PGD patients with single lung transplant was 7.0 with a sensitivity of 86.7% and a specificity of 72.1%, the predicted value of LUS of severe PGD in double lung transplant was 13.0 with a sensitivity of 83.3% and a specificity of 60.0%. Conclusions:Lung ultrasound is simple and easy to operate and LUS can evaluate the severity of PGD patients after lung transplantation. It has a high potency of guiding clinical diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing in the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological dysfunction.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 24 patients who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital Affiliated to Inner Mongolia Medical University for multi-segmental thoracolumbar fractures from January 2019 to December 2020. They were randomly divided into a robot group ( n=12) in which the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing was assisted by a surgical robot and a manual group ( n=12) in which the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing was performed manually. There were 8 males and 4 females in the robot group, aged from 35 to 74 years; there were 7 males and 5 females in the manual group, aged from 36 to 69 years. The clinical effects were evaluated by comparing the 2 groups in terms of operation time, fluoroscopy frequency, fluoroscopy time, intra-operative needle adjustments, intra-operative blood loss, screwing accuracy, and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, anterior vertebral height ratios and sagittal cobb angles at preoperation, postoperative 3 days and the last follow-up. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). A total of 128 screws were implanted in the robot group and 126 ones in the manual group. In the robotic group, operation time [(129.2±10.5) min], fluoroscopy frequency [(8.5±2.1) times], fluoroscopy time [(9.8±1.9) s], guide needle adjustments [(2.3±1.4) times], and intraoperative blood loss [(65.3±9.8) mL] were significantly less than those in the manual group [(153.8±18.1) min, (39.8±5.1) times, (43.9±4.8) s, (18.6±2.6) times and (96.8±10.9) mL] (all P<0.05). Regarding the screwing accuracy evaluated using CT scanning, the robot group was significantly higher (93.75%, 120/128) than the manual group (84.92%, 107/126) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in VAS score, anterior vertebral height ratio or sagittal cobb angle at postoperative 3 days or the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The VAS scores, anterior vertebral height ratios and sagittal cobb angles at postoperative 3 days and the last follow-up were significantly improved than the preoperative values in all patients ( P<0.05). There was no supplementary surgery or screw loosening in either of the 2 groups. Conclusion:In the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar fractures, robot-assisted percutaneous pedicle screwing can achieve satisfactory clinical effects, because, compared with traditional open surgery, it has exhibited advantages of less operation time, lower radiation exposure, less intraoperative blood loss, and higher screwing accuracy.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to explore the ototoxicity of toluene in the early development of zebrafish embryos/larvae.@*Methods@#Zebrafish were utilized to explore the ototoxicity of toluene. Locomotion analysis, immunofluorescence, and qPCR were used to understand the phenotypes and molecular mechanisms of toluene ototoxicity.@*Results@#The results demonstrated that at 2 mmol/L, toluene induced zebrafish larvae death at 120 hours post fertilization (hpf) at a rate of 25.79% and inhibited the rate of hatching at 72 hpf. Furthermore, toluene exposure inhibited the distance travelled and average swimming velocity of zebrafish larvae while increasing the frequency of movements. As shown by fluorescence staining of hair cells, toluene inhibited the formation of lateral line neuromasts and middle line 1 (Ml @*Conclusion@#This study indicated that toluene may affect the development of both the inner ear and lateral line systems in zebrafish, while the lateral line system may be more sensitive to toluene than the inner ear.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ear, Inner/growth & development , Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/metabolism , Lateral Line System/growth & development , Locomotion/drug effects , Ototoxicity/physiopathology , Toluene/toxicity , Zebrafish
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875520

ABSTRACT

To date, there is no report on the genetic diversity of ticks in these regions. A total of 370 representative ticks from the south and east regions of Kazakhstan (SERK) and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) were selected for molecular comparison. A fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene, ranging from 631 bp to 889 bp, was used to analyze genetic diversity among these ticks. Phylogenetic analyses indicated 7 tick species including Hyalomma asiaticum, Hyalomma detritum, Hyalomma anatolicum, Dermacentor marginatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus turanicus and Haemaphysalis erinacei from the SERK clustered together with conspecific ticks from the XUAR. The network diagram of haplotypes showed that i) Hy. asiaticum from Almaty and Kyzylorda Oblasts together with that from Yuli County of XUAR constituted haplogroup H-2, and the lineage from Chimkent City of South Kazakhstan was newly evolved; and ii) the R. turanicus ticks sampled in Israel, Almaty, South Kazakhstan, Usu City, Ulugqat and Baicheng Counties of XUAR were derivated from an old lineage in Alataw City of XUAR. These findings indicate that: i) Hy. asiaticum, R. turanicus and Ha. erinacei shared genetic similarities between the SERK and XUAR; and ii) Hy. marginatum and D. reticulatus show differences in their evolution.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the short-term clinical efficacy and factors influencing low-dose superficial X-ray for treating infantile maxillofacial hemangioma.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was conducted on 161 cases of infants with maxillofacial hemangioma treated with superficial X-ray in the Laser Center of Dermatology Department of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Clinical efficacy was analyzed by comparing the photos before and after treatment. Patients were further divided into groups according to different genders, age at the start of treatment, preterm birth or low birth weight, hemangioma site, longest diameter of hemangioma, and type of hemangioma to analyze whether differences existed in clinical efficacy and therapeutic dose between different groups.@*RESULTS@#Twelve months after the end of treatment, the overall cure rate was 93.8%, and the significant efficiency was 97.5%. The clinical efficacy was related to the age of children at the beginning of treatment and the type of hemangioma (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose superficial X-ray is safe and effective for the treatment of infantile maxillofacial hemangioma. Age and type of hemangioma at the time of treatment are the factors influencing therapeutic dose and clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hemangioma , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome , X-Rays
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare difference of ultrasonic blood flow of left internal mammary artery(LIMA) and right internal mammary artery(RIMA)as graft to left anterior descending artery(LAD) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG).Methods:From October 2017 to October 2019, a total of 363 patients who underwent OPCAB including 329 patients in LIMA-LAD group and 34 patients in RIMA-LAD group, were included in this study. Transthoracic ultrasound examination on IMA was performed before OPCABG. The blood flow , the value of PI(pulsation index) and diastolic flow(DF) of LIMA and RIMA to left anterior descending were measured and recorded by intraoperative TTFM. Patients underwent coronary artery CT examinations at 1 week after OPCABG to discover the patency of grafts.Results:The pre-operative diameter of RIMA was larger and the blood flow and pulsation index of RIMA was better than that of LIMA before OPCABG( P<0.001). But there was no significant difference in the flow, pulsation index and DF value of graft between the two groups after IMA were anastomosed to LAD( P>0.05). In situ skeletonized graft of RIMA did not show the advantage of increased blood flow. Compared with the preoperative parameters of flow of internal mammary artery, both the left and right grafts of IMA were significantly better in blood flow and pulsation index( P<0.001). Considering the remarkable difference in age between the two groups, Flow, PI and DF were compared again after propensity score matching, and there was still no statistical difference between the two groups( P>0.05). A total of 313 patients in LIMA-LAD group completed coronary CTA examination one week after surgery, among which 4 grafts had different degrees of problems. A total of 34 patients in RIMA-LAD group completed coronary CTA examination, one case indicated that the CTA imaging in distal segment was not clear, and the other results had no obvious abnormality. There was no significant difference in postoperative rate of coronary CTA completion( P=0.381) and rate of graft failure( P=0.405) between the two groups. Conclusion:Compared with the preoperative parameters of blood flow of internal mammary artery, both the left and right IMA grafts are significantly better in flow and pulsation index. The pre-operative diameter of RIMA is larger and the blood flow and pulsation index of RIMA is better than that of LIMA before OPCABG. But there is no significant difference in the flow, pulsation index and DF value of graft between the two groups after IMA are anastomosed to LAD. In situ skeletonized graft of RIMA do not show the advantage of increased blood flow.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 190-194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the function of intestinal barrier in patients with pouchitis, and to explore the role of nucleotide oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) in ileal pouchitis, so as to provide new ideas for the pathogenesis of pouchitis.Methods:From January 2011 to December 2016, the clinical pathological data of patients with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis who underwent pouch mucosa biopsy at the Endoscopy Center of General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. According to the disease activity index of pouchitis, patients were divided into pouchitis group (20 cases) and non-pouchitis group (30 cases). In addition, UC patients who did not undergo surgery were selected as the control group (10 cases). The intestinal structure of patients of the pouchitis group and non-pouchitis group was observed under transmission electron microscope. The positive expression rates of occludin, alpha human defensin and NOD2 in the control group, non-pouchitis group and pouchitis group were detected and calculated by immunohistochemistry. Levene test, independent sample t test and Spearman correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:Under the transmission electron microscope, the tight junction epithelial structure and microvilli of intestinal mucosal of patients in the pouchitis group were severely injured. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the positive expression rates of occludin, alpha human defensin and NOD2 in the intestinal mucosa of patients in the pouchitis group were all lower than those of the control group and non-pouchitis groups ((19.3±0.4)% vs. (84.0±0.3)% and (77.9±0.5)%; (60.0±1.3)% vs. (85.0±0.1)% and (77.3±0.4)%; (46.1±1.6)% vs. (72.0±0.7)% and (60.7±0.5)%), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-8.451, -7.514, -3.943, -2.970, -5.115 and -2.982, all P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the expression level of NOD2 was positively correlated with occludin and alpha human defensin ( r=0.671 and 0.628, both P<0.01). Conclusions:Intestinal barrier function is impaired in patients with ileal pouchitis, and NOD2-related intestinal barrier injury may play an important role in the pathogenesis of ileal pouchitis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 385-393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of renal light and heavy chain amyloidosis (AHL).Methods:Ten patients with renal AHL diagnosed by renal biopsy in Peking University First Hospital and Institute of Nephrology of Peking University from January 2015 to June 2020 were enrolled. Clinicopathological data of these patients was collected and reviewed.Results:AHL typically affected older patients, with a male/female ratio of 7:3. The clinical manifestations were mainly edema and heavy proteinuria. At the same time, 7/10 of patients presented with nephrotic syndrome, 7/10 presented with microscopic hematuria, and 3/10 presented with renal insufficiency. Laboratory examinations showed monoclonal immunoglobulin in blood and urine in all patients, and IgGλ was the most common one (5/10). Decreased serum complement could be seen in some patients. The ratio of serum free κ light chain and free λ light chain was abnormal in all patients who underwent serum free light chain test. None of the 10 patients met the diagnostic criteria of multiple myeloma. Except for one of the 10 patients who was diagnosed as Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, the rest were diagnosed as monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS). Bone marrow of 2/6 of patients were positive for amyloid. Cardiac involvement was confirmed in only one patient. Renal biopsy demonstrated amorphous eosinophilic material, which was Congo red positive, was deposited in glomerular mesangial area (10/10), capillary vessels (8/10), renal interstitium (9/10), peritubular capillary walls (9/10) and arterioles (8/10). This material showed apple green birefringence under polarized light. Immunofluorescence showed that single heavy chain and single light chain were positive at the same time, which was consistent with the results of mass spectrometry analysis. Ultrastructural evaluation revealed randomly oriented, non-branching fibrils with a diameter of 8-12 nm.Conclusions:Main clinical manifestations of AHL amyloidosis are edema and massive proteinuria, along with a high incidence of hematuria, a low portion of heart involvement and high frequency of whole molecule of monoclonal immunoglobulin (IgGλ dominant) by serum immunofixation electrophoresis. Renal pathology shows the commonly involved kidney compartments of amyloid deposits are glomerular capillary walls and peritubular capillary walls in patients with AHL amyloidosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with concomitant severe carotid and coronary artery disease.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with concomitant severe carotid artery stenosis and coronary artery disease undergoing simultaneous CEA and CABG at Peking University People′s Hospital from Jan 2011 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The mean ages was 69 years old.The operation adopted the strategy of CEA first and then CABG. Conventional CEA with carotid arterial shunting was performed. The primary composite end points were perioperative cardiovascular and neurological adverse event rates, as well as the late follow-up outcomes. The technical success rate was 100%. There were no adverse cardiovascular events during the perioperative period. Ischemic stroke occurred in 2 patients. No early death was observed. Seventeen cases were successfully followed up for 1-103 months. One patient developed cerebral infarction after 8 months, one developed acute myocardial infarction 43 months after surgery. No cases suffered from carotid artery restenosis. The 5-year overall survival rate was 91%.Conclusions:Simultaneous CEA and CABG treatment for patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease is safe with few perioperative cardiovascular events and no deaths.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884768

ABSTRACT

The development of efficient molecular imaging probes with high specificity, high sensitivity, and low toxicity is the core in promoting the development of cancer molecular imaging technology. Natural expressed purified protein-based nanocage with self-assembling ability to form intrinsically cavity structure has been widely used to prepare various molecular imaging probes of cancer for its ideal physical properties, excellent biological compatibility, exceptional biodegradability as well as diverse engineering strategies. This paper focuses on the research progress of natural protein-based nanocage from the following aspects: various types of protein-based nanocages of different origins and compositions, cargos loading mechanisms, functionalization strategies, and their recent advances in cancer molecular imaging.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 72-76, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pertuzumab in the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer patients and its effect on the expression of serum nectin-4 and thymidine kinase 1 (TK-1).Methods:110 HER2 positive breast cancer patients treated in Longfu Hospital of Beijing from June 2014 to December 2016 were selected and divided into observation group and control group according to treatment method, 55 cases in each group.The control group was given docetaxel combined with platinum (TP) neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and the observation group was given TP neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with paltuzumab. After 18 weeks of treatment, the therapeutic effect, serum tumor markers [carbohydrate antigen (CA), CA153 and CA199], immune function, levels of nectin-4 and TK-1 and adverse reactions were observed.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was 83.64%(46/55), which was significantly higher than that of the control group 58.18%(32/55), with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of CA125, CA153 and CA199 in the two groups were decreased, and the difference was significant in the observation group ( P<0.05); after treatment, the levels of CD3 + , CD4 + , CD4 + /CD8 + in the two groups were increased, while the levels of CD8 + was decreased, with no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum nectin-4 and TK-1 decreased in both groups, and the the decrease in the observation group was significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in digestive system, white blood cell count and cardiac toxicity between the two groups ( P>0.05). Two years follow-up showed that the mortality of the observation group was 3.64%(2/55), and that of the control group was 10.91%(6/55). The mortality of the group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Pertuzumab combined with TP neoadjuvant chemotherapy has better effect on HER2 positive breast cancer patients, it can effectively inhibit the growth of tumor tissues, reduce the level of tumor markers and the level of nectin-4 and TK-1, and has less influence on the immune response of patients with fewer adverse reactions and lower mortality rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of enhanced recovery around surgery (CMERAS) by integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine & western medicine in perioperative period of laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer patients.Methods:100 patients with rectal cancer who were treated by laparoscopic anterior resection in Shuguang Hospital from July 2017 to July 2019 were divided into two groups with random number table method, 50 patients in each group. The control group received enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) perioperative treatment and the observation group received CMERAS perioperative treatment. Both groups were treated for 7 days. The degree of intestinal cleansing during the operation and postoperative rehabilitation quality were observed of the two groups, including the time of first exhaust, hospitalization time and the incidence of complications. Serum CRP level was detected by immunoturbidimetry, serum IL-6 level was detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay and peripheral blood CD4, CD8 and CD4/CD8 were detected by flow cytometry. Adverse reactions were recorded for the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the degree of intestinal cleansing between the two groups during operation ( Z=-1.140, P=0.254). The first postoperative exhaust time in the observation group (29.7 ± 4.6 h vs. 36.1 ± 3.8 h, t=7.590) was earlier than that of the control group, the hospitalization time (4.2 ± 0.5 d vs. 4.7 ± 0.6 d, t=4.379) was less than that of the control group, and the incidence of complications [8.0% (4/50) vs. 30.0% (15/50), χ2=6.498] was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01). On the third day after the operation, serum CRP (11.84 ± 4.69 mg/L vs. 23.63 ± 5.04 mg/L, t=12.106) and IL-6 (34.31 ± 5.93 ng/L vs. 44.39 ± 8.81 ng/L, t=6.714) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). CD4 levels [(37.74 ± 7.28)% vs. (33.55 ± 5.07)%, t=-3.344], CD4/CD8 ratio (1.36 ± 0.27 vs. 1.13 ± 0.22, t=-4.920) were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01), and CD8 levels [(28.04 ± 4.68)% vs. (30.22 ± 4.04)%, t=2.487] was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05). There were no adverse reactions in two groups during the treatment. Conclusion:CMERAS could promote the perioperative recovery of patients with rectal cancer if treated with laparoscopic anterior resection and fewer complications would occur.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#High-fat diet is one of the main risk factors that disrupt the balance of gut microbiota, which eventually will induce colorectal cancer (CRC). Evodiamine (EVO) is a wildly used multifunctional traditional Chinese medicine extract. In this study, we investigated the role of gut microbiota in high-fat diet-propelled CRC and the potential of EVO for CRC chemoprevention.@*METHODS@#Gut microbiota, serum d-lactic acid and endotoxin from 38 patients with colon cancer and 18 healthy subjects were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, body mass index, phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) expression in cancer tissues and paracancerous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. A mouse intestinal inflammatory tumor model was established by azomethane/sodium dextran sulfate, followed by treatment with EVO and 5-aminosalicylic acid (ASA). Gut microbiota and inflammatory factors were detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, while serum d-lactic acid and endotoxin were detected by ELISA. Furthermore, cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, and interleukin (IL)-6/STAT3/P65 pathway were evaluated by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling, and Western blot assays.@*RESULTS@#In patients with colon cancer, the numbers of Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli were increased, while those of Bifidobacterium, Campylobacter and Lactobacillus were decreased. Serum endotoxin and d-lactic acid levels and p-STAT3 levels were significantly increased. In the mouse model, both EVO and ASA inhibited tumor formation, decreased the proliferation of tumor cells, and induced apoptosis of tumor cells. Compared with the control group, the numbers of E. faecalis and E. coli were decreased, while Bifidobacterium, Campylobacter and Lactobacillus numbers were increased. In the EVO group, serum endotoxin and d-lactic acid levels and inflammatory factors were significantly decreased. Further, the IL6/STAT3/P65 signaling pathway was inhibited in the EVO group.@*CONCLUSION@#EVO may inhibit the occurrence of colon cancer by regulating gut microbiota and inhibiting intestinal inflammation. The potential mechanism involves inhibition of the IL6/STAT3/P65 signaling pathway, revealing its potential therapeutic significance in clinical applications.

19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 472-478, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888455

ABSTRACT

Epigenetic changes are potentially important for the ontogeny and progression of tumors but are not usually studied because of the complexity of analyzing transcript regulation resulting from epigenetic alterations. Prostate cancer (PCa) is characterized by variable clinical manifestations and frequently unpredictable outcomes. We performed an expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis to identify the genomic regions that regulate gene expression in PCa and identified a relationship between DNA methylation and clinical information. Using multi-level information published in The Cancer Genome Atlas, we performed eQTL-based analyses on DNA methylation and gene expression. To better interpret these data, we correlated loci and clinical indexes to identify the important loci for both PCa development and progression. Our data demonstrated that although only a small proportion of genes are regulated via DNA methylation in PCa, these genes are enriched in important cancer-related groups. In addition, single nucleotide polymorphism analysis identified the locations of CpG sites and genes within at-risk loci, including the 19q13.2-q13.43 and 16q22.2-q23.1 loci. Further, an epigenetic association study of clinical indexes detected risk loci and pyrosequencing for site validation. Although DNA methylation-regulated genes across PCa samples are a small proportion, the associated genes play important roles in PCa carcinogenesis.

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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888250

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify new genes that correlate with prognosis of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)

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