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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 490-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984680

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) for the treatment of degenerated great saphenous vein graft (SVG). Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, single-arm study. Patients, who were admitted to the Geriatric Cardiovascular Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022, were consecutively enrolled. Inclusion criteria were recurrent chest pain after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and coronary angiography confirmed that the SVG stenosis was more than 70% but not completely occluded, and interventional treatment for SVG lesions was planned. Before balloon dilation and stent placement, ELCA was used to pretreat the lesions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination was performed and postoperative index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) were assessed after stent implantation. The technique success rate and operation success rate were calculated. The technique success was defined as the successful passage of the ELCA system through the lesion. Operation success was defined as the successful placement of a stent at the lesion. The primary evaluation index of the study was IMR immediately after PCI. Secondary evaluation indexes included thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), minimal stent area and stent expansion measured by OCT after PCI, and procedural complications (Ⅳa myocardial infarction, no reflow, perforation). Results: A total of 19 patients aged (66.0±5.6) years were enrolled, including 18 males (94.7%). The age of SVG was 8 (6, 11) years. The length of the lesions was greater than 20 mm, and they were all SVG body lesions. The median stenosis degree was 95% (80%, 99%), and the length of the implanted stent was (41.7±16.3)mm. The operation time was 119 (101, 166) minutes, and the cumulative dose was 2 089 (1 378, 3 011)mGy. The diameter of the laser catheter was 1.4 mm, the maximum energy was 60 mJ, and the maximum frequency was 40 Hz. The technique success and the operation success rate were both 100% (19/19). The IMR after stent implantation was 29.22±5.95. The TIMI flow grade of patients after ELCA and stent implantation was significantly improved (all P>0.05), and the TIMI flow grade of all patients after stent implantation was Grade Ⅲ. The cTFC decreased significantly after ELCA (33.2±7.8) and after stent placement (22.8±7.1) than preoperative level (49.7±13.0) (both P<0.001). The minimum stent area was (5.53±1.36)mm2, and the stent expansion rate was (90.0±4.3)%. Perforation, no reflow, type Ⅳa myocardial infarction and other complications were not observed. However, postoperative high-sensitivity troponin level was significantly increased ((67.937±33.839)ng/L vs. (5.316±3.105)ng/L, P<0.001). Conclusion: ELCA is safe and effective in the treatment of SVG lesions and could improve microcirculation and ensure full expansion of stent.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Prospective Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Constriction, Pathologic , Atherectomy, Coronary/methods , Myocardial Infarction , Coronary Angiography , Stents , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the recurrence factors and reoperation effect of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: A total of 41 patients with recurrence after laparoscopic repair of the inguinal hernia admitted to the Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were males, aging (62±7) years (range: 51 to 75 years). The recurrence intervals were 3 days to 7 years postoperatively. The surgical methods, causes of recurrence, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Fisher exact probability method is used to compare the rates. Results: Among all cases, the primary surgical procedures included transabdominal preperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TAPP) in 31 cases and total extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy in 10 cases. The reoperative procedures included the TAPP of 11 cases and the Lichtenstein procedure of 30 cases. The factors of recurrent cases in all patients could be divided into 4 categories, including insufficient mesh coverage in 23 cases, mesh curling in 9 cases, mesh contractuture in 7 cases, and improper mesh fixation in 2 cases. Recurrence, infection, chronic pain, foreign body sensation didn't occur in the followed period of(M(IQR)) 18(24) months(range: 12 to 50 months). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of postoperative seroma between the TAPP and Lichtenstein procedure (3/11 vs. 20.0% (6/30), P=0.68). Conclusions: Postoperative recurrence of laparoscopic inguinal hernia is mostly caused by the lack of mesh coverage. Due to the emphasis on standardized surgical operation, a good outcome could be achieved through reoperation by the TAPP or Lichtenstein procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 931-936, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985615

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of tobacco dependence among the population aged 15-69 in Tianjin to provide the basis for formulating targeted smoking control intervention policies and carrying out scientific smoking cessation intervention services. Methods: The data of this study comes from the 2018 Tianjin residents' health literacy monitoring survey. Probability-proportional-to-size sampling is adopted for sampling. SPSS 26.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis, and χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: A total of 14 641 subjects aged 15-69 were included in this study. After standardized, with a smoking rate of 25.5%, including 45.5% for men and 5.2% for women. Among the population aged 15-69, the prevalence of tobacco dependence was 10.7%; among current smokers, the prevalence rate of tobacco dependence is 40.1%, of which the prevalence rate of male tobacco dependence is 40.0%, and the prevalence rate of female tobacco dependence is 40.6%. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, people who live in rural areas, have an education level of primary school or below, smoke every day, smoke the first cigarette ≤15 years old, smoke ≥21 cigarettes per day, and smoke for more than 20 packet years, people who report poor physical health are more likely to suffer from tobacco dependence (all P<0.05); age and smoking age did not affect the possibility of tobacco dependence (all P>0.05). Among current smokers, there was no significant difference in their willingness to quit smoking whether they had tobacco dependence (P>0.05). The proportion of people with tobacco dependence who have tried to quit smoking and failed is higher (P<0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of tobacco dependence among smokers aged 15-69 in Tianjin is high, and the demand for quitting smoking is great. Therefore, smoking cessation publicity should be carried out for key groups, and smoking cessation intervention work in Tianjin should be continuously promoted.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Smokers , Smoking/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoking , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1731-1738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981390

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ulcer(DU) is one of the common complications of diabetes often occurring in the peripheral blood vessels of lower limbs or feet with a certain degree of damage. It has high morbidity and mortality, a long treatment cycle, and high cost. DU is often clinically manifested as skin ulcers or infections in the lower limbs or feet. In severe cases, it can ulcerate to the surface of tendons, bones or joint capsules, and even bone marrow. Without timely and correct treatment, most of the patients will have ulceration and blackening of the extremities. These patients will not be able to preserve the affected limbs through conservative treatment, and amputation must be performed. The etiology and pathogenesis of DU patients with the above condition are complex, which involves blood circulation interruption of DU wound, poor nutrition supply, and failure in discharge of metabolic waste. Relevant studies have also confirmed that promoting DU wound angiogenesis and restoring blood supply can effectively delay the occurrence and development of wound ulcers and provide nutritional support for wound healing, which is of great significance in the treatment of DU. There are many factors related to angiogenesis, including pro-angiogenic factors and anti-angiogenic factors. The dynamic balance between them plays a key role in angiogenesis. Meanwhile, previous studies have also confirmed that traditional Chinese medicine can enhance pro-angiogenic factors and down-regulate anti-angiogenic factors to promote angiogenesis. In addition, many experts and scholars have proposed that traditional Chinese medicine regulation of DU wound angiogenesis in the treatment of DU has broad prospects. Therefore, by consulting a large number of studies available, this paper expounded on the role of angiogenesis in DU wound and summarized the research advance in traditional Chinese medicine intervention in promoting the expression of angiogenic factors [vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), fibroblast growth factor(FGF), and angiopoietin(Ang)] which played a major role in promoting wound angiogenesis in the treatment of DU to provide ideas for further research and new methods for clinical treatment of DU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Ulcer , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Diabetes Complications/drug therapy , Wound Healing/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1724-1730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981389

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ulcer(DU) is a chronic and refractory ulcer which often occurs in the foot or lower limbs. It is a diabetic complication with high morbidity and mortality. The pathogenesis of DU is complex, and the therapies(such as debridement, flap transplantation, and application of antibiotics) are also complex and have long cycles. DU patients suffer from great economic and psychological pressure while enduring pain. Therefore, it is particularly important to promote rapid wound healing, reduce disability and mortality, protect limb function, and improve the quality of life of DU patients. By reviewing the relevant literatures, we have found that autophagy can remove DU wound pathogens, reduce wound inflammation, and accelerate ulcer wound healing and tissue repair. The main autophagy-related factors microtubule-binding light chain protein 3(LC3), autophagy-specific gene Beclin-1, and ubiquitin-binding protein p62 mediate autophagy. The traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of DU mitigates clinical symptoms, accelerates ulcer wound healing, reduces ulcer recurrence, and delays further deterioration of DU. Furthermore, under the guidance of syndrome differentiation and treatment and the overall concept, TCM treatment harmonizes yin and yang, ameliorates TCM syndrome, and treats underlying diseases, thereby curing DU from the root. Therefore, this article reviews the role of autophagy and major related factors LC3, Beclin-1, and p62 in the healing of DU wounds and the intervention of TCM, aiming to provide reference for the clinical treatment of DU wounds and subsequent in-depth studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulcer/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Beclin-1 , Quality of Life , Wound Healing , Diabetes Complications , Autophagy , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/genetics
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 371-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of central compartment lymph node metastasis(CLNM) in stage T 1a solitary papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with the clinicopathological characteristics, sonographic features and the number of lymph node dissection, and to analyze the risk factors of CLNM. Methods:The data of 218 patients with stage T 1a solitary PTC who underwent thyroid cancer surgery from January 2017 to May 2021 in Tangshan Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into CLNM positive group and CLNM negative group according to CLNM. The age, gender, preoperative sonographic features, pathological type, the number of lymph node dissection and the number of metastasis were recorded. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CLNM. Results:Among 218 patients, there were 71 cases (32.6%) in CLNM positive group and 147 cases (67.4%) in CLNM negative group. There were statistically significant differences in age, tumor diameter, capsular invasion in thyroid or not, tumor blood supply or not, and the number of lymph node dissection between two groups (all P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in gender, clear tumor boundary or not, tumor shape, tumor aspect ratio, calcification, nodular goiter and Hashimoto's thyroiditis or not (all P > 0.05). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that age < 55 years ( OR = 2.995, 95% CI 1.228-7.307), capsular invasion in thyroid ( OR = 5.297, 95% CI 2.494-11.248) and the number of lymph node dissection ≥6 ( OR = 4.085, 95% CI 2.059-8.104) were independent risk factors of CLNM (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Patients with stage T 1a solitary PTC, age < 55 years and capsular invasion in thyroid are prone to CLNM; sufficient number of lymph node dissection can get more accurate CLNM rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 500-505, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences in important parameters between the articulation assessment and training system of intelligently extracted speech with those from the Praat acoustic software and those manually extracted.Methods:The speech of thirty-two normal subjects was captured using the intelligent articulation assessment and training system and using Praat acoustic software. The former analyzed the mean fundamental frequencies (mF0s), the first formant peaks (F1s) and the second formant peak (F2s) of the sustained vowels /a/, /i/ and /u/. The speech parameters collected by the traditional Praat software were extracted and analyzed by professionals. The two tools′ consistency in terms of these important acoustic parameters was analyzed.Results:The results with all 32 subjects when retested returned ICC values above 0.9 with all three vowels with the exception of mF0 for /u/ (ICC=0.75), indicating excellent retest reliability for the articulation assessment and training system. The ICC values also indicated excellent consistency between the two kinds of software in analyzing mF0, F1 and F2 of the three vowels. The mF0, F1, F2, FCR, VAI, tongue spacing, VSA, and mandibular spacing of all three vowels were mostly distributed within the 95% confidence interval of the data points in Bland-Altman plots, indicating the high accuracy of both acoustic analysis systems in speech measurement. The mean fundamental frequency values of the male long vowels /a/, /i/ and /u/ were all significantly lower than for the female long versions.Conclusions:The retest reliability of the articulation assessment and training system was good, and the results of the articulation check in the natural state were in good consistency compared to the Praat check and were interchangeable in the articulation check.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 531-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of pathogenic fungi in patients with tinea capitis diagnosed in Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University in the past 10 years.Methods:A total of 871 outpatients or inpatients with tinea capitis were collected from the Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from January 2011 to December 2020, and their clinical data and pathogen distribution were retrospectively analyzed. Pearson chi-square test was used to analyze differences in the pathogen distribution between children and adult patients with tinea capitis.Results:Of 871 patients with tinea capitis, 588 (67.5%) were males and 283 (33.5%) were females; 21 (2.40%) were aged less than 1 year, 266 (30.50%) aged 1 - 3 years, 352 (40.40%) aged 4 - 6 years, 187 (21.50%) aged 7 - 12 years, 4 (0.50%) aged 12 - 18 years, and 41 (4.70%) were aged 18 - 74 years. A total of 705 pathogenic strains were isolated from these patients, including 599 strains of Microsporum canis (85.0%) , 52 strains of Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex (7.4%) , 27 strains of Trichophyton tonsurans (3.8%) , and 18 strains of Trichophyton violaceum (2.6%) . Among the pathogenic fungi of tinea capitis, the proportion of Trichophyton violaceum was significantly higher in adults (8.8%) than in children (2.2%, P = 0.048) . Conclusions:In the past 10 years, the patients with tinea capitis in the Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital were mainly children aged 1 - 6 yearswhile adults, and adult patients with tinea capitis were uncommon. The main pathogen of tinea capitis was Microsporum canis, followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 247-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of patients with localized pustular psoriasis irresponsive or intolerant to conventional treatment.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 13 patients with refractory localized pustular psoriasis, who received secukinumab treatment in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from December 2019 to April 2022. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) area and severity index (PPPASI) score and physician global assessment (PGA) score in PPP patients before and after the treatment, and by comparing clinical global impression (CGI) score in patients with acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (ACH). Adverse events were recorded during the treatment.Results:Among the 13 patients with refractory localized pustular psoriasis, 6 were diagnosed with PPP, 3 with ACH, and 4 with PPP complicated by ACH. There were 3 males and 10 females, and their age was 33.2 ± 14.6 years. After 12-week treatment, the PPPASI score decreased from 13.88 ± 3.62 points at baseline to 6.81 ± 2.31 points in 10 patients presenting with PPP lesions, 4 achieved 75% improvement in the PPPASI score (PPPASI75), and 5 achieved PGA0/1; at the same time, 6 of the 7 patients presenting with ACH lesions achieved moderate or marked improvement in the CGI score, and 4 of the 6 patients achieved marked improvement. Two patients with PPP discontinued the treatment after 3- and 5-week treatment respectively due to poor response, and 1 patient with ACH achieved mild improvement in the CGI score after 12-week treatment. No severe adverse events were reported during the treatment. However, inflammatory follicular papules occurred in 1 patient, and eczematoid lesions occurred in another 1 patient, which both regressed after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:Secukinumab was effective and safe in the treatment of refractory localized pustular psoriasis, and may serve as a new treatment option for refractory PPP and ACH.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 359-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of ferroptosis in lung injury in a rat model of autologous orthotopic liver transplantation.Methods:Twenty-four healthy adult SPF-grade male rats, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 230-270 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=8 each) using the random number table method: sham operation group (S group), autologous in situ liver transplantation group (LT group) and ferroptosis inhibitor Ferrostain-1 group (LT+ Fer-1 group). In LT group and LT+ Fer-1 group, an autologous in situ liver transplantation model was developed in anesthetized animals, and Ferrostain-1 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before surgery in LT+ Fer-1 group. The inferior vena cava blood samples were obtained at 6 h of reperfusion, then animals were sacrificed, and lung tissues were obtained. The morphology of lung tissues was examined, and the lung injury was scored. The serum malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and contents of MDA, reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase4 (GPX4), and Fe 2+ in lung tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) and solute carrier family 7 member 11 recombinant protein (SLC7A11) was determined by Western blot. Results:Compared with S group, the lung injury, serum MDA concentration, and contents of MDA and Fe 2+ were significantly increased, the contents of GSH and GPX4 were decreased, and the expression of FTH1 and SLC7A11 was down-regulated in LT group ( P<0.05). Compared with LT group, the lung injury, serum MDA concentration, and contents of MDA and Fe 2+ were significantly decreased, the contents of GSH and GPX4 were increased, and the expression of FTH1 and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in LT+ Fer-1 group ( P< 0.05). Conclusions:Ferroptosis is involved in the pathophysiology of lung injury in a rat model of autologous orthotopic liver transplantation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety and efficacy of the " step-up approach" versus the " step-jump approach" in treatment of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN).Method:The clinical data of IPN patients who underwent step-up strategy or step-jump strategy treatment at the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from December 2018 to November 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Propensity score matching (PSM) was done based on the nearest neighbor matching method (1: 1 ratio). After matching the baseline data (the caliper value was 0.01), a total of 62 patients with IPN were included, including 41 males and 21 females, aged (41.1±13.1) years old. Patients who were treated with the step-up strategy were included in the step-up group, while patients who were treated with the step-jump strategy were included in the step-jump group. There were 31 patients in each group after PSM, and the treatment effect of the two groups were compared.Results:Of the 62 patients with IPN, 43 received surgical intervention, and 19 were managed successfully using symptomatic anti-inflammatory treatment or percutaneous catheter drainage. The total hospitalization cost of patients in the step-jump group was significantly higher than that in the step-up group [122 000 (73 000, 179 000) yuan vs. 88 000 (46 000, 144 000) yuan, P=0.034]. The overall cure rate of IPN patients in the step-jump group was 93.5%(29/31). The 2 patients who died had type Ⅲ IPN. In the IPN patients in the step-up group were all cured, and the overall cure rate was 100%(31/31), with no death. There were no statistical differences between the two groups in the rates of death, postoperative complications, residual infection, debridement ≥2 times, and positive bacterial culture in blood or drainage fluid (all P>0.05). A total of 19.4% (12/62) patients had postoperative complications, including 4 patients with abdominal bleeding, 3 patients with new organ dysfunction, 2 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, 2 patients with gastrointestinal fistula, and 1 patient with venous thrombosis in both lower limbs. Conclusion:Both the step-up treatment strategy and the step-jump treatment strategy were safe and effective for treatment of IPN patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between the volume of irradiated pelvic bone marrow and acute hematologic toxicity (HT), in order to provide clinical data to reduce the risk of acute HT and optimize the radiotherapy plan.Methods:From October 2017 to May 2019, 41 LARC patients who received neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) were retrospectively reviewed in our center. All patients were treated with 5-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and the prescription dose delivered to PTV was 45-50.4 Gy in 25-28 fractions. Capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) wasadministered daily 5 days a week during radiotherapy. Different HTswere recorded according to National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria Version 5.0 (NCI-CTC.V5.0) based on laboratory tests. The volume of PBM or each site (coxal, sacrum, femoral) receiving more than x Gy refers to as TVx, CVx, SVx, and FVx, respectively. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between the volume of irradiated pelvic bone marrow and different HT. Generalized additive model (GAM) and piecewise regression were used to further analyze the possible nonlinear relationship and threshold effect between them. Results:Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low-dose of irradiated total pelvic bone marrow volume ( TV5) and coxal bone marrow volume ( CV5, CV10) were significantly correlated with Grade ≥2 leukopenia( P<0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between the sacrum bone marrow volume ( SV5, SV10) and Grade ≥2 leukopenia ( P<0.05). A thresholdeffect has been observed between CV10 and Grade ≥2 leukopenia by Generalized additive model (GAM) and piecewise linear regression. The threshold between CV10 and Grade ≥2 leukopenia was 575 ml, OR (95% CI) was 1.85 (1.08, 3.16). Conclusions:In neoadjuvant IMRT of rectal cancer, CV is a better predictor of acute HT induced by CCRT than TV. The irradiated volume of CV associated with acute HT was mainly low-dose levels ( CV5, CV10). The thresholds of our study ( CV10= 575 ml) could be a good reference for the optimization of the radiotherapy plan.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 117-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989907

ABSTRACT

The incidence of thyroid cancer has continued to increase. Most thyroid cancer patients have good prognosis, but there are still some patients who will develop into the middle or late stage. The status of cytotoxic treatment in thyroid cancer treatment is controversial. Chemotherapy, as a classical malignant tumor treatment, has its unique significance for the special type and the special period of thyroid cancer. Chemotherapy can be an option for systemic treatment if no other treatment is available for patients of differentiated thyroid carcinoma refractory to radiodine in rapid progression and life-threatening period. For patients of anaplastic thyroid cancer in progression period, chemotherapy can be selected if there are no other treatments in clinical trials. And "Chemical therapy plus" treatment model might play an important role in thyroid treatment, because with the development of targeted drugs and immunotherapy, chemotherapy combined with other treatments can reduce the dosage of chemotherapy drugs to reduce the toxic side effect, and can improve other therapeutic effects.

14.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 294-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987337

ABSTRACT

BackgroundBeing complex and highly heterogeneous with regard to the etiology and clinical manifestations of depression, neuroimaging studies make a breakthrough for exploring the biological subtypes of depression, while the current data-driven approach for the identification of subtyping depression using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data is insufficient. ObjectiveTo explore the biological subtypes of depression using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and machine learning methods. MethodsA total of 127 patients with depression who attended Beijing Anding Hospital from September 2017 to August 2021 and met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) diagnostic criteria were included, and another 80 healthy individuals matched for gender and age were recruited through advertisements in surrounding communities during the same period. DTI findings, demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected from all participants. Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) white matter probability maps were used to extract fractional anisotropy (FA) values of white matter tracts. A semi-supervised machine learning technique was used to identify the subtypes, and the FA values for whole brain white matter of patients and controls were compared. ResultsPatients with depression were classified into two biological subtypes. FA values in multiple tracts including corpus callosum and corona radiata of subtype I patients were smaller than those of healthy controls (P<0.01, FDR corrected), and FA values in middle cerebellar peduncle, left superior cerebellar peduncle and left cerebral peduncle of subtype II patients were larger than those of healthy controls (P<0.01, FDR-corrected). Baseline Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) score yielded no statistical difference between subtype I and subtype II patients (P>0.05), while subtype I patients scored lower on HAMD-17 than subtype II patients after 12 weeks of treatment (t=2.410, P<0.05). ConclusionDepression patients exhibit two biological subtypes with distinct patterns of white matter damage. Furthermore, the subtypes respond differently to the medication treatment. [Funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (number, 2016YFC1307200), the Scientific Research and Cultivation Program of Beijing Municipal Hospitals (number,PX2023066), Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University (number,YJ201904, YJ201911); www.chictr.org.cn number: ChiCTR-OOC-17012566]

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 135-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973142

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Dahuang Xiezhuo prescription on the clinical symptoms, blood uric acid, and renal tubular function of patients with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy in stages 1-2 of chronic kidney disease (CKD) complicated with hyperuricemia (HUA). MethodSixty patients with IgA nephropathy in stages 1-2 of CKD complicated with HUA of spleen and kidney deficiency and combined turbidity and blood stasis syndromes were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 30 cases in each group. The patients in the control group received basic treatment, i.e., losartan potassium tablets 50-100 mg/time, once per day, and sodium bicarbonate tablets 0.5 g/time, three times per day by oral administration, combined with low-salt, low-fat, and low-purine diet. The patients in the observation group received Dahuang Xiezhuo prescription on the basis of basic treatment, one dose per day, twice a day in the morning and evening with warm water. Both groups were treated for two months. The total scores of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)syndrome, blood pressure, 24 h urinary protein (24 h UTP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr) [glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by CKD-epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula], serum uric acid (SUA), and renal tubular function indexes [urinary α1-microglobulin (α1-MG), urinary β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL)] of the two groups before treatment and two months after treatment were recorded. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated two months after treatment. ResultAfter 2 months of treatment,the total effective rate in the observation group was 81.48%(22/27),higher than 50.00%(14/28) in the control group(χ2 =6.661,P<0.05). The total scores of TCM syndrome, 24 h UTP, and SUA in the observation group and the observation group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and compared with the control group after treatment, the observation group decreased more significantly (P<0.05). After treatment, the blood pressure in the observation group and the observation group was lower than that before treatment (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in blood pressure between the two groups after treatment. After treatment, the levels of urinary α1-MG, β2-MG, KIM-1, and NGAL in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the observation group was lower than the control group after treatment (P<0.05). There were no significant inter-group and intra-group differences in BUN, SCr, and eGFR levels before and after treatment. There were no obvious abnormalities in blood routine, liver function, and electrolytes before and after treatment in the two groups, and no adverse reactions such as allergies occurred. ConclusionDahuang Xiezhuo prescription can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of IgA nephropathy with HUA (CKD1-2) patients with spleen and kidney deficiency and combined turbidity and blood stasis syndromes, reduce blood uric acid level, alleviate renal tubular injury, and protect the kidney. The curative effect is better than that of basic treatment.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1031-1037, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the risks of prescription drugs sold online by drug retail enterprises, and to provide countermeasures and suggestions for risk prevention and control of prescription drugs sold online. METHODS The risk hierarchy structure model of prescription drugs sold online by drug retail enterprises was constructed by using analytic hierarchy process. Multiple rounds of risk research and judgment were carried out on 123 pairs of evaluation indicators by using Delphi expert survey method. The normalized weight calculation and consistency test of risk judgment matrix were carried out to perform fuzzy quantitative research. RESULTS The risk of prescription dispensing and review (6.48%), the risk of drug first and prescription later (5.48%), the risk of rational drug use guidance (4.99%), the risk of buying drugs by abnormal channel (4.97%), the risk of “first diagnosis, non-chronic disease and non-common disease” (4.43%), and the quality and safety risk of returned drugs (4.34%) and the application risk of regulatory technology (4.06%) were high risks; the overall risk of drug retail enterprises (chain) selling prescription drugs online was 38.67%, and the overall risk of drug retail enterprises (individual) selling prescription drugs online was 61.33%, with a difference of 22.66% between them. CONCLUSIONS There were 7 high-risk indicators for prescription drugs sold online by drug retail enterprises. Among them, the risk of prescription dispensing and review, the risk of drug first and prescription later, and the risk of rational drug use guidance are the top three high-risk points. The risk of prescription drugs sold online by drug retail enterprises (individual) is higher than that of drug retail enterprises (chain). It is recommended that regulatory authorities focus on and regulate the prescription drugs sold online by drug retail enterprises (individual), and encourage drug retail enterprises (chain) to establish a systematic online sales process for prescription drugs; for high-risk points of prescription drugs sold online, it is recommended that regulatory authorities and drug retail enterprises focus on it and take effective risk prevention and control measures to ensure the safe use of prescription drugs by the general public.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 165-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971166

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting gelatin methacrylamide (GelMA) hydrogel loaded with nano silver on full-thickness skin defect wounds in rats. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. The morphology, particle diameter, and distribution of silver nanoparticles in nano silver solution with different mass concentrations and the pore structure of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with different final mass fractions of GelMA were observed by scanning electron microscope and the pore size was calculated. On treatment day 1, 3, 7, and 14, the concentration of nano silver released from the hydrogel containing GelMA with final mass fraction of 15% and nano silver with final mass concentration of 10 mg/L was detected by mass spectrometer. At 24 h of culture, the diameters of inhibition zone of GelMA hydrogel containing final mass concentration of 0 (no nano silver), 25, 50, and 100 mg/L nano silver against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were detected. Fibroblasts (Fbs) and adipose stem cells (ASCs) were isolated respectively by enzymatic digestion using the discarded prepuce after circumcision from a 5-year-old healthy boy who was treated in the Department of Urology of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine in July 2020, and the discarded fat tissue after liposuction from a 23-year-old healthy woman who was treated in the Department of Plastic Surgery of the Hospital in July 2020. The Fbs were divided into blank control group (culture medium only), 2 mg/L nano sliver group, 5 mg/L nano sliver group, 10 mg/L nano sliver group, 25 mg/L nano sliver group, and 50 mg/L nano sliver group, which were added with the corresponding final mass concentrations of nano sliver solution, respectively. At 48 h of culture, the Fb proliferation viability was detected by cell counting kit 8 method. The Fbs were divided into 0 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group, 10 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group, 50 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group, and 100 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group and then were correspondingly treated. On culture day 1, 3, and 7, the Fb proliferation viability was detected as before. The ASCs were mixed into GelMA hydrogel and divided into 3D bioprinting group and non-printing group. On culture day 1, 3, and 7, the ASC proliferation viability was detected as before and cell growth was observed by live/dead cell fluorescence staining. The sample numbers in the above experiments were all 3. Four full-thickness skin defect wounds were produced on the back of 18 male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 4 to 6 weeks. The wounds were divided into hydrogel alone group, hydrogel/nano sliver group, hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver group, and hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group, and transplanted with the corresponding scaffolds, respectively. On post injury day (PID) 4, 7, 14, and 21, the wound healing was observed and the wound healing rate was calculated (n=6). On PID 7 and 14, histopathological changes of wounds were observed by hematoxylin eosin staining (n=6). On PID 21, collagen deposition of wounds was observed by Masson staining (n=3). Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, Bonferroni correction, and independent sample t test. Results: The sliver nano particles in nano silver solution with different mass concentrations were all round, in scattered distribution and uniform in size. The silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with different final mass fractions of GelMA all showed pore structures of different sizes and interconnections. The pore size of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with 10% final mass fraction was significantly larger than that of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with 15% and 20% final mass fractions (with P values both below 0.05). On treatment day 1, 3, and 7, the concentration of nano silver released from silver-containing GelMA hydrogel in vitro showed a relatively flat trend. On treatment day 14, the concentration of released nano silver in vitro increased rapidly. At 24 h of culture, the diameters of inhibition zone of GelMA hydrogel containing 0, 25, 50, and 100 mg/L nano silver against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were 0, 0, 0.7, and 2.1 mm and 0, 1.4, 3.2, and 3.3 mm, respectively. At 48 h of culture, the proliferation activity of Fbs in 2 mg/L nano silver group and 5 mg/L nano silver group was both significantly higher than that in blank control group (P<0.05), and the proliferation activity of Fbs in 10 mg/L nano silver group, 25 mg/L nano silver group, and 50 mg/L nano silver group was all significantly lower than that in blank control group (P<0.05). Compared with the that of Fbs in 0 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group, the proliferation activity of Fbs in 50 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group and 100 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group was all significantly decreased on culture day 1 (P<0.05); the proliferation activity of Fbs in 50 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group was significantly increased (P<0.05), while the proliferation activity of Fbs in 100 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group was significantly decreased on culture day 3 (P<0.05); the proliferation activity of Fbs in 100 mg/L silver-containing GelMA hydrogel group was significantly decreased on culture day 7 (P<0.05). The proliferation activity of ASCs in 3D bioprinting group show no statistically significant differences to that in non-printing group on culture day 1 (P>0.05). The proliferation activity of ASCs in 3D bioprinting group was significantly higher than that in non-printing group on culture day 3 and 7 (with t values of 21.50 and 12.95, respectively, P<0.05). On culture day 1, the number of dead ASCs in 3D bioprinting group was slightly more than that in non-printing group. On culture day 3 and 5, the majority of ASCs in 3D bioprinting group and non-printing group were living cells. On PID 4, the wounds of rats in hydrogel alone group and hydrogel/nano sliver group had more exudation, and the wounds of rats in hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver group and hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group were dry without obvious signs of infection. On PID 7, there was still a small amount of exudation on the wounds of rats in hydrogel alone group and hydrogel/nano sliver group, while the wounds of rats in hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver group and hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group were dry and scabbed. On PID 14, the hydrogels on the wound surface of rats in the four groups all fell off. On PID 21, a small area of wounds remained unhealed in hydrogel alone group. On PID 4 and 7, the wound healing rates of rats in hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group were significantly higher than those of the other three groups (P<0.05). On PID 14, the wound healing rate of rats in hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group was significantly higher than the wound healing rates in hydrogel alone group and hydrogel/nano sliver group (all P<0.05). On PID 21, the wound healing rate of rats in hydrogel alone group was significantly lower than that in hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group (P<0.05). On PID 7, the hydrogels on the wound surface of rats in the four groups remained in place; on PID 14, the hydrogel in hydrogel alone group was separated from the wounds of rats, while some hydrogels still existed in the new tissue of the wounds of rats in the other three groups. On PID 21, the collagen arrangement in the wounds of rats in hydrogel alone group was out of order, while the collagen arrangement in the wounds of rats in hydrogel/nano sliver group, and hydrogel scaffold/nano sliver/ASC group was relatively orderly. Conclusions: Silver-containing GelMA hydrogel has good biocompatibility and antibacterial properties. Its three-dimensional bioprinted double-layer structure can better integrate with new formed tissue in the full-thickness skin defect wounds in rats and promote wound healing.


Subject(s)
Male , Rats , Animals , Humans , Hydrogels/pharmacology , Bioprinting , Metal Nanoparticles , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Silver/pharmacology , Soft Tissue Injuries , Anti-Bacterial Agents
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 130-134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of the expression levels of cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand-13 (CXCL-13) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for central nervous system infiltration of lymphoma.@*METHODS@#Forty patients diagnosed as lymphoma or acute lymphoblastic leukemia in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from July 2020 to July 2021 were collected and recorded their CSF indexes, including pressure, protein, Pandy test, nucleated cell count, glucose and chlorine content in CSF. The levels of cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and CXCL-13 were detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#The patients were divided into CNSI (central nervous system infiltration) group and non-CNSI group, the average levels of IL-6, IL-10, CXCL-13 and IL-10/IL-6 ratio in CNSI group were higher than those in non-CNS group, but the difference of IL-10/IL-6 ratio between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Then the patients were divided into protein elevated(n=14) group and protein normal group(n=26), the levels of IL-6 [ (5.78±2.69) pg/ ml] and CXCL-13 [(0.83±0.59) pg/ml] in protein elevated group were significantly higher than those in the protein normal group [IL-6: (2.41±1.16) pg/ml; CXCL-13: (0.38±0.18) pg/ml] (P<0.05). Further analysis of the expression levels of the cytokines in non-CNSI group (n=32), IL-6, IL-10, CXCL-13 level and IL-10/IL-6 ratio in the protein elevated group (n=12) were higher than those in the protein normal group (n=20), but the difference was not statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and CXCL-13 in CSF of lymphoma patients with CNS infiltration were higher than those in non-CNS infiltration group, and those in patients with protein elevated group are higher than those in the protein normal group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Lymphoma
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 958-965, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970567

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed at identifying the bioactive components of the crude and stir-baked hawthorn for invigorating spleen and promoting digestion, respectively, to clarify the processing mechanism of hawthorn by applying the partial least squares(PLS) algorithm to build the spectrum-effect relationship model. Firstly, different polar fractions of crude and stir-baked hawthorn aqueous extracts and combinations of different fractions were prepared, respectively. Then, the contents of 24 chemical components were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The effects of different polar fractions of crude hawthorn and stir-baked hawthorn aqueous extracts and combinations of different fractions were evaluated by measuring the gastric emptying rate and small intestinal propulsion rate. Finally, the PLS algorithm was used to establish the spectrum-effect relationship model. The results showed that there were significant differences in the contents of 24 chemical components for different polar fractions of crude and stir-baked hawthorn aqueous extracts and combinations of different fractions, and the gastric emptying rate and small intestinal propulsion rate of model rats were improved by administration of different polar fractions of crude and stir-baked hawthorn aqueous extracts and combinations of different fractions. The bioactive components of crude hawthorn identified by PLS models were vitexin-4″-O-glucoside, vitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, neochlorogenic acid, rutin, gallic acid, vanillic acid, citric acid, malic acid, quinic acid and fumaric acid, while neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, rutin, gallic acid, vanillic acid, citric acid, quinic acid and fumaric acid were the bioactive components of stir-baked hawthorn. This study provided data support and scientific basis for identifying the bioactive components of crude and stir-baked hawthorn, and clarifying the processing mechanism of hawthorn.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spleen , Crataegus , Quinic Acid , Least-Squares Analysis , Vanillic Acid , Algorithms , Digestion
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1083-1095, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970424

ABSTRACT

Biorefinery of chemicals from straw is an effective approach to alleviate the environmental pollution caused by straw burning. In this paper, we prepared gellan gum immobilized Lactobacillus bulgaricus T15 gel beads (LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads), characterized their properties, and established a continuous cell recycle fermentation process for D-lactate (D-LA) production using the LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads. The fracture stress of LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads was (91.68±0.11) kPa, which was 125.12% higher than that of the calcium alginate immobilized T15 gel beads (calcium alginate-T15 gel beads). This indicated that the strength of LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads was stronger, and the strain was less likely to leak out. The average D-LA production was (72.90±2.79) g/L after fermentation for ten recycles (720 h) using LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads as the starting strain and glucose as the substrate, which was 33.85% higher than that of calcium alginate-T15 gel beads and 37.70% higher than that of free T15. Subsequently, glucose was replaced by enzymatically hydrolyzed corn straw and fermented for ten recycles (240 h) using LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads. The yield of D-LA reached (1.74±0.79) g/(L·h), which was much higher than that of using free bacteria. The wear rate of gel beads was less than 5% after ten recycles, which indicated that LA-GAGR is a good carrier for cell immobilization and can be widely used in industrial fermentation. This study provides basic data for the industrial production of D-LA using cell-recycled fermentation, and provides a new way for the biorefinery of D-LA from corn straw.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Zea mays , Lactic Acid , Alginates/chemistry , Glucose
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