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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 691-696, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940976

ABSTRACT

Wound repair is a highly coordinated and mutually regulated complex process involving various kinds of cells, extracellular matrices and cytokines. A variety of growth factors play an important regulatory role in wound healing, and it is critical to achieve effective delivery and sustained function of growth factors. In recent years, the application of biomaterials in tissue engineering has shown great potential, and the effective delivery of growth factors by biomaterials has attracted increasing attention. Based on this, this paper introduces the mechanism of related growth factors in the process of wound healing, focusing on the recent progress of biomaterial delivery of growth factors to accelerate wound healing, in order to provide new enlightenment for clinical wound treatment.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Tissue Engineering , Wound Healing
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 555-557, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940959

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old male patient with local sinus tract formation due to residual foreign body was admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University College of Medicine on December 17, 2018. The examination showed that the residual foreign body was the component of a sticky cloth implanted when the patient underwent appendectomy 27 years ago. Hypertrophic scar developed at the right-lower abdominal incision for appendectomy 23 years ago and the secondary infection after cicatrectomy resulted in non-healing of the wound. The chronic refractory wound healed completely after surgical treatment in our hospital after this admission. The postoperative pathological examination revealed local inflammatory granuloma. This case suggests that chronic refractory wound is likely to form when secondary infection occurs following the surgical procedure near the implant, and aggressive surgery is an effective way to solve this problem.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Cavity , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Coinfection , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940604

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the compatibility rule of traditional Chinese patent medicines (TCPMs) against liver diseases through network analysis. MethodWith “liver” as the search term, TCPMs against liver diseases were retrieved from volume Ⅰ of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2020 edition), and the basic information of them was collected. TCPMs with same Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs), usage, and indications, but different dosage forms, were unified as one formula. Mutual information entropy (MIE) of CMM couples was calculated to quantify the relationship between them, and the top 25% CMM pairs in MIE were used to construct the compatibility network, with CMM as node and the relationship between CMM pairs as the edge. Key CMM and frequently used CMM combinations were identified based on node centrality and cluster analysis, respectively. The indications of TCPMs related to the CMMs in clusters were recorded. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was employed for visualization and topology analysis of the compatibility network. ResultA total of 179 TCPMs, involving 428 CMMs, were retrieved. Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were identified as key CMMs with high frequency, and Cuscutae Semen-Lycii Fructus, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium-Cyperi Rhizoma, and Ecliptae Herba-Ligustri Lucidi Fructus combinations had high MIE. Furthermore, the CMMs were clustered into ten groups corresponding to different diseases which, however, all belonged to digestive diseases. ConclusionThis study unveils potential CMM pairs and common CMM combinations against liver diseases, which can serve as a reference for revealing compatibility rules of CMMs and research and development of Chinese medicine.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939819

ABSTRACT

Although the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic is still ongoing, vaccination rates are rising slowly and related treatments and drugs are being developed. At the same time, there is increasing evidence of preexisting immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in humans, mainly consisting of preexisting antibodies and immune cells (including T cells and B cells). The presence of these antibodies is mainly due to the seasonal prevalence of four common coronavirus types, especially OC43 and HKU1. The accumulated relevant evidence has suggested that the target of antibodies is mainly the S2 subunit of S protein, followed by evolutionary conservative regions such as the nucleocapsid (N) protein. Additionally, preexisting memory T and B cells are also present in the population. Preexisting antibodies can help the body protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection, reduce the severity of COVID-19, and rapidly increase the immune response post-infection. These multiple effects can directly affect disease progression and even the likelihood of death in certain individuals. Besides the positive effects, preexisting immunity may also have negative consequences, such as antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) and original antigenic sin (OAS), the prevalence of which needs to be further established. In the future, more research should be focused on evaluating the role of preexisting immunity in COVID-19 outcomes, adopting appropriate policies and strategies for fighting the pandemic, and vaccine development that considers preexisting immunity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Seasons , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 156-164, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. The medical records of 229 patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands who were admitted to Zhejiang Quhua Hospital from January 2008 to December 2020 and met the inclusion criteria were collected. The following statistical data of patients were collected, including gender, age, type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction, injury site, total burn area, prehospital time, length of hospital stay, length of wound healing, whether hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia occurred or not on admission, whether surgery intervention was performed or not, and whether scar sequelae occurred or not. Single factor and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting surgery intervention and scar sequelae of all the patients and patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known. Single factor and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of all the patients and patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known. Results: The 229 patients included 206 males and 23 females, with the majority aged 30 to 50 years (139 patients). The type of affiliated enterprise of majority patients was non-fluorine chemical enterprise. The hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known in only 91 patients, mainly medium. The majority injury site was in the middle and end of finger. The total burn area was below or equal to 1% total body surface area. The prehospital time was 19 (9, 29) h. The length of hospital stay was 2 (1, 7) d. The length of wound healing was 12 (8, 18) d. The proportions of hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia were 0.9% (2/229) and 1.3% (3/229) on admission, respectively. Thirty-six patients had surgeries and 83 patients had scar sequelae. In 229 patients, single factor logistic regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the factors impacting surgery intervention (with odds ratio values of 7.86 and 51.35, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.83-33.76 and 11.89-221.78, respectively, P<0.01) and scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 3.62 and 27.40, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.76-7.43 and 13.25-56.68, respectively, P<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prehospital time was the independent risks factor impacting surgery intervention and scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 43.00 and 24.55, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 9.89-187.03 and 11.78-51.16, respectively, P<0.01); single factor linear regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of 6.16 and 12.83, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 3.38-8.93 and 10.72-14.93, respectively, P<0.01); multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of 2.81 and 12.16, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 0.50-5.13 and 10.00-14.31, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). In 91 patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known, single factor logistic regression analysis showed that type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction (low and high), and prehospital time were all the factors impacting surgery intervention of patients (with odds ratio values of 9.10, 11.25, 10.69, and 0.04, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.15-72.25, 1.39-90.93, 1.32-86.59, and 0.01-0.19, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction, and prehospital time were all the factors impacting scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 0.32, 0.21, and 36.80, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 0.11-0.92, 0.06-0.73, and 11.03-122.79, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting surgery intervention of patients (with odds ratio values of 11.51 and 0.04, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.22-108.26 and 0.01-0.25, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), prehospital time was the independent risk factor impacting scar sequelae of patients (odds ratio=37.71, with 95% confidence interval of 9.97-142.69, P<0.01); single factor linear regression analysis showed that type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction (low and high), and prehospital time were all the factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of 7.12, -5.63, -9.74, and 13.50, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 2.43-11.81, -10.59--0.68, -14.78--4.70, and 10.14-16.86, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with β values of -5.84 and 0.09, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of -10.59--1.08 and 0.05-0.12, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The majority of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands are young and middle-aged males. Type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time are the risk factors that affect the treatment outcomes of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Surface Area , Burns , Female , Humans , Hydrofluoric Acid/adverse effects , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the early results of total aortic arch replacement (TAA) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and without interruption of cerebral blood supply, using the technique of arch branches preferential reconstruction and whole brain perfusion for brain protection.Methods:Between June 2020 and March 2021, a total of 9 Stanford type A aortic dissection patients we performed total arch replacement by using the technique of arch branches preferential reconstruction and whole brain perfusion without cardiopulmonary bypass and without interruption of blood supply to the brain. The method of this reconstruction technique is as follows: A 24F aortic cannula was inserted into the true lumen at the root of the transverse innominate artery (IA) to connect one end of the artery for cardiopulmonary bypass. The access was connected to 14F artery via Y-connector and inserted into IA cavity to maintain blood supply to brain. Without cardiopulmonary bypass, the 10 mm branch of the four branch artificial blood vessel was anastomosed with the innominate artery IA. The perfusion collateral was connected to the second end of the artery of CPB (single pump and double tubes) to continue to supply blood for IA. The left common carotid artery (LCA) and left subclavian artery (LSCA) were reconstructed by the same method. When IA and LCA were anastomosed, the distal blood supply was not interrupted. After the three branches of the aortic arch were anastomosed, we started to turn the machine, then cooled down and blocked the ascending aorta to further complete the operation of the aortic root and arch. During the period of lower body circulatory arrest, the whole brain was perfused with low flow.Results:No intraoperative death or perioperative complications occurred in all patients, and they were discharged smoothly. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (192.4±58.1) min, the aortic clamping time was (128.3±52.4) min, the lower body circulatory arrest time was (29.1±1.3) min, and the postoperative awake time was (8.2±3.7) h.Conclusion:Off-pump arch branches preferential reconstruction can provide physiological whole brain perfusion, shorten the cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic occlusion time, and the operation is safe and effective.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of combining motor imagery therapy (MIT) with kinesio taping in rehabilitating the upper limb motor function of stroke survivors.Methods:Ninety-two stroke survivors were randomized into a control group ( n=31), an MIT group ( n=31), and a combination group ( n=30). All were given 40 minutes of basic rehabilitation therapy daily, while the MIT group received additional MIT therapy, and the combination group received kinesio taping with the MIT therapy. The taping was applied according to a patient′s condition and changed every other day. The MIT was conducted twice a day. The experiment lasted 8 weeks, six days a week. Before and after the 8 weeks, the upper limb functioning, ability in the activities of daily living and muscle tension of each subject were assessed using the Fugl-Meyer assessment for the upper extremities (FMA-UE), the Hong Kong version of the functional test for a hemiplegic upper extremity (FTHUE-HK), the modified Barthel index (MBI) and the modified Ashworth scale (MAS). Results:The average post-treatment FMA-UE and MBI scores of the combination group were significantly higher than those of the MIT group, and both were significantly higher than the control group′s averages. The average FTHUE-HK grading of the combination group and MIT group after the treatment was significantly higher than in the control group, with that of the combination group significantly superior to the MIT group′s average. After the intervention the average MAS rating of the combination group was significantly lower than that of the control group.Conclusion:MIT combined with Kinesio taping can significantly improve the upper limb motor functioning of stroke survivors, and significantly reduce their abnormal muscle tone compared to traditional treatments.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 187-190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933779

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. It is mainly characterized by resting tremor, muscle rigidity, and akinesia. Interestingly, under certain conditions, such as fear, visual stimulation, etc., PD patients could temporarily restore normal motor function, which is called paradoxical kinesia in PD. This article makes comments on the manifestations, possible mechanisms, and clinical significance of paradoxical kinesia in PD. Attempt was also made to put forward the limitations and controversies of this phenomenon, which is helpful for more research to further clarify the pathogenesis behind this phenomenon.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of tumescent anesthesia combined with skin and soft tissue expansion for the repair of congenital giant melanocytic nevi.Methods:From July 2015 to December 2019, 41 patients with congenital giant melanocytic nevi, including 24 males and 17 females aged 7 - 45 years, were collected from the Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University. Skin lesions ranged from 5 cm × 12 cm to 12 cm × 18 cm in size, and were located on the scalp in 13 cases, on the face in 18 cases, as well as on the trunk in 10 cases. Before surgery, the composition of tumescent solution was adjusted according to the body weight, operation duration, skin lesion area, etc., and the total dose and peak plasma concentration of lidocaine should be below 35 mg/kg and 4 mg/L respectively. All the patients received tissue expander placement and second-stage flap transfer under tumescent anesthesia.Results:During surgery, satisfactory effect of tumescent anesthesia was achieved in all the 41 patients, the pain score assessed by a numerical rating scale was 1.82 ± 0.54. In addition, the surgical field and dissection levels were clear with little bleeding and no related complications. Follow-up of 3 - 36 months showed that the skin flaps matched the surrounding skin tissues well, with relatively concealed incision lines and soft flat scars.Conclusion:For the treatment of congenital giant melanocytic nevi, tumescent anesthesia is effective and safe, which combined with skin and soft tissue expansion can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, and this strategy is worthy of clinical promotion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 296-298, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933216

ABSTRACT

A female patient who was admitted to the hospital on March 4, 2020 due to the right kidney mass for 4 days by physical examination. Ultrasound examination revealed a single space-occupying lesion in the right kidney, and further examination of the abdominal enhanced CT and three-dimensional reconstruction showed two lesions in the right kidney. The retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was carried out. The pathological diagnosis were renal leiomyoma and renal eosinophiloma, respectively. After 1 year follow-up, no recurrence or metastasis was found.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential mechanism of PD-1 inhibitor P on RIMI from the perspective of immune microenvironment.Methods:To establish a mouse model of radiation-induced myocardial injury (RIMI), twenty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, 5 in each group. Group A was the healthy control group; Group B was the PD-1 inhibitor group; Group C was the simple irradiation group, with a heart irradiation of 15 Gy; Group D was the irradiation+ PD-1 inhibitor group. One month after irradiation, the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed. The morphological changes of myocardial tissues were observed by HE staining. The myocardial fibrosis was assessed by Masson staining. CD 3+ , CD 3+ CD 4+ , CD 3+ CD 8 lymphocyte subsets and cytokines (IL-4, IL-6, IL-17A, TNF-α, TGF-β 1 and INF-γ) levels were determined by flow cytometry. The apoptosis rate of myocardial cells was detected by TUNE. Results:One month after irradiation, there was no obvious myocardial fibrosis in group B, and collagen fibers were distributed in the interstitium of myocardial cells in groups C and D. Semi-quantitative analysis results showed that the myocardial collagen volume fraction (CVF) of groups A, B, C and D were (1.97±0.36)%, (2.83±1.03)%, (5.39±0.77)% and (7.72±1.43)%, respectively. The CVF between group A and group B was similar ( P=0.314), and the differences in CVF between the other groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Compared with group A, the absolute value and percentage of CD 3+ T lymphocytes were significantly increased in groups B, C and D (all P<0.01). The values in group D were significantly higher than those in group B and group C (all P<0.01); The absolute value and percentage of CD 3+ CD4 T lymphocytes were similar among four groups (all P>0.05); The absolute value and percentage of CD 3+ CD 8 T lymphocytes in group D were significantly higher than those in groups A, B and C (all P<0.001). The expression levels of IL-6, IL-17A, and TGF-β 1 in group D were significantly higher compared with those in groups A, B and C (all P<0.001). The apoptotic index was gradually increased in four groups, and the differences in apoptotic index among four groups were statistically significant (all P<0.001). Conclusion:PD-1 inhibitors can aggravate RIMI by promoting myocardial immune inflammatory response.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate internal fixation via only the modified Stoppa approach in the treatment of central hip dislocation complicated with fracture of the posterior acetabular wall.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 13 patients with central hip dislocation and fracture of the posterior acetabular wall who had been treated at Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Nanfang Hospital between February 2015 and February 2018. They were 10 men and 3 women, aged from 31 to 65 years (average, 46.7 years). All patients were treated with internal fixation via only the modified Stoppa approach. The reduction of double-column and posterior wall fractures was evaluated according to the X-ray Matta scoring system, as well as to the Wiberg central-edge (CE) angles between the vertical line of the center point of the femoral head and the lateral edge of the acetabulum and acetabular tolerance on the normal and affected sides immediately after operation; the hip function was evaluated by the modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel scoring system at 12 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 16 to 52 months (average, 25.6 months). In all of them, reduction and fixation of central hip dislocation and acetabular fracture was completed successfully, and indirect reduction of posterior wall fracture and acetabular tolerance were satisfactory. Operation time ranged from 130 to 270 min, averaging 155.5 min; intraoperative blood loss from 600 to 5,600 mL, averaging 1,150.5 mL; intraoperative infusion of concentrated red blood cells from 2 to 12 U, averaging 6 U. By the X-ray Matta scoring system immediately after operation, anatomical reduction was achieved in 4 posterior wall fractures and satisfactory reduction in 9 ones. There was no significant difference between the normal and affected sides in the CE angle (43.53°±3.46° for the affected side versus 43.19°±3.28° for the normal side) or in the acetabular tolerance (76.56%±15.50% for the affected side versus 75.32%±16.24% for the normal side) ( P>0.05). The modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel scores at 12 months after operation ranged from 12 to 18 points, averaging 16.5 points; the hip function was assessed as excellent in 9 cases, as good in 3 and as fair in one. By the last follow-up, none of the 13 patients lost fracture reduction, and their internal fixation was firm with no loosening or breakage. Conclusion:In the treatment of central hip dislocation complicated with fracture of the posterior acetabular wall, internal fixation via only the modified Stoppa approach can lead to satisfactory fracture reduction, firm fixation, good hip joint tolerance, and fine clinical efficacy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932325

ABSTRACT

Treatment of adult femoral neck fracture is still a great challenge faced by trauma orthopedists. As treatment effects can be infleunced by multiple factors, like age, gender and preoperative physical condition, they may vary with different treatment schemes. Classification of femoral neck fractures plays an important guiding role in choosing a proper treatment scheme and judging the prognosis. The current classic clinical classification systems for femoral neck fractures include Garden, AO/OTA and Pauwels classifications. Since the recent progress in science and technology has put more advanced technologies into clinic application, such as CT, MRI and Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA), new ways of classification have appeared. However, each classification has its own shortcomings which need to be improved. This paper reviews the research progress in classification of adult femoral neck fractures and their treatment principles.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931951

ABSTRACT

It is unclear whether antidepressants have the same effects on the brain function at different periods of treatment.In this paper, in order to improve the understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of antidepressants from brain network level, find the target of antidepressants, optimize treatment strategy, four common neuroimaging techniques were reviewed to investigate the changes of brain functional imaging in patients with major depressive disorder at different periods (short-term, acute and long-term) after antidepressant treatment.After short-term antidepressant treatment, the changes of brain functional imaging mainly involved the amygdala, insula, prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and so on, and these short-term changes of brain functional imaging could predict acute efficiency.After acute stage of antidepressant treatment, the changes of brain functional imaging were mostly located in the brain regions of cortical-limbic circuit and default mode network.The effect of long-term antidepressant treatment on brain functional imaging still needs to be further studied.In the future, the experimental design should be optimized and multiple neuroimaging techniques should be combined to conduct longitudinal long-term studies at multiple time points.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).Methods:A total of 104 Wister rats were provided by Laboratory Animal Center, Harbin Medical University between January 2020 and June 2020 and included in this study. They were randomly divided into CTEPH group ( n = 52) and sham-operation group ( n = 52). Rats in the CTEPH group were injected with an embolus via the left external jugular vein to establish rat models of CTEPH. Rats in the sham-operation group were injected with the same amount of 0.9% sodium chloride injection. Relevant indicators were measured after 7 days and 1 month of embolization. Results:After embolization for 7 days and 1 month, plasma TNF-α level in the sham-operation group was (45.62 ± 1.65) ng/L and (46.24 ± 2.82) ng/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the CTEPH group [(47.15 ± 1.58) ng/L, (48.85 ± 2.96) ng/L, t = 3.48, 3.31, both P < 0.05). Mean pulmonary artery pressure in the sham-operation group was significantly lower than that in the CTEPH group ( t = 1.89, 3.11, both P < 0.05). TNF-α mRNA expression in the sham-operation group was significantly lower than that in the CTEPH group ( t = 3.06, 3.36, both P < 0.05). The area/total area of pulmonary artery wall in the sham-operation group was significantly lower than that in the CTEPH group ( t = 1.73, 4.17, both P < 0.05). Plasma TNF-α level was positively correlated with pulmonary artery TNF-α mRNA expression ( r = 0.82, P < 0.05). Plasma TNF-α level and pulmonary artery TNF-α mRNA expression were positively correlated with mean pulmonary artery pressure ( r = 0.62, 0.73, both P < 0.05) and area/total area of pulmonary artery wall ( r = 0.61, 0.63, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:TNF-α may be involved in the pathogenesis of CTEPH by increasing pulmonary artery pressure and vascular remodeling.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930915

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic surgery is an important specialty in the field of general surgery. As the anatomical location of pancreas is deeply and complex, and the diseases of pancreatic surgery is various kinds of and serious with high difficulty in surgery, the development of pancreatic surgery is slowly in the past. In the recent 20 years, with the deepening of basic and clinical researches in related fields, researchers' cognition of pancreatic diseases has gradually deepened. A series of new con-cepts and techniques have been applied to pancreatic surgery, making pancreatic surgery enter a rapid development stage. At the same time, researchers also recognize that the existing medical concepts and technical means are not sufficient to solve all clinical problems. Therefore, the cancer of pancreatic surgery in China can be alive and flourishing by grasping the opportunities, making continuous exploration and innovation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of PHPT in elderly patients, as well as the safety and effectiveness of surgical treatment.Methods:179 patients with PHPT treated from Jan. 2000 to Dec. 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into elderly group ( n=51) and non-elderly group ( n=128) according to whether they were over 60 years old at the time of operation. The clinical data of symptoms, complications, preoperative and postoperative blood calcium, phosphorus, ALP, PTH, surgical cure rate and complication rate of the two groups were analyzed retrospectively. T-test was used for measurement data comparison. χ2 test was used for enumeration data comparison and single factor analysis. Logistic regression analysis (forward method) was used for multivariate analysis. Results:The proportion of non-specific symptoms in the elderly group, including fatigue, dizziness, loss of appetite, memory decline, was higher than that in the non-elderly group (21.6% vs 8.6%, P=0.019) . Elderly patients had lower blood ALP level[ (163.4±229.8) U/L vs (325.9±449.2) U/L, P=0.016], higher proportion of preoperative hypertension (47.1% vs 21.1%, P=0.001) , diabetes (31.4% vs 10.9%, P=0.001) , coronary heart disease (13.7% vs 3.1%, P=0.013) and tumor (13.7% vs 3.9%, P=0.025) . High proportion of non-specific symptoms was related to higher blood calcium [ OR=4.936 (95% CI 1.126-21.637) , P=0.034] and lower blood phosphorus[ OR=0.011 (95% CI 0.000-0.650) , P=0.030]. Between the two groups there was no significant difference in cure rate (94.1% vs 96.1%, P=0.564) or complication rate (27.5% vs 44.5%, P=0.127) . Conclusions:The surgical treatment of elderly patients with PHPT also has high effectiveness and safety. More attention should be paid to surgical diagnosis and treatment of elderly patients.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 10-15,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factor analysis and model prediction of bleeding after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice (MOJ).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 302 patients with MOJ treated with ERCP who were treated in the No. 363 Hospital Affiliated to Southwest Medical University from January 2015 to June 2021. The general clinical data of the patients were collected, and the biochemical indicators of the pancreatic and bile ducts were detected. The patients were followed up after discharge, and the patients were divided into a bleeding group ( n=47) and a control group ( n=255) according to whether the follow-up patients were bleeding after ERCP. Compared the general and clinical data of the two groups of patients, including age, gender, platelet count, presence of bile duct stones, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis, number of stones, intraoperative bleeding, pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, large stone diameter, stone incarceration, duodenal papillary diverticulum, and pre-surgical incision. The measurement data that obey the normal distribution were represented by the mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and the two independent sample t test was used for the comparison between groups; the data that do not conform to the normal distribution were represented by M ( Q1, Q3), and the comparison between groups was used Mann-Whitney U test. The comparison of enumeration data between groups adopted chi-square test. Logistic multivariate regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of postoperative bleeding after ERCP, and a nomogram prediction model was established and verified according to the independent risk factors of postoperative bleeding. Results:The two groups of patients were compared in age, gender, platelet count, bile duct stones, acute cholangitis, acute pancreatitis, the number of stones, intraoperative bleeding and other aspects, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The percentages of pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, large stone diameter, stone incarceration, duodenal papillary diverticulum, and surgical pre-incision in the bleeding group were 12.77%, 17.02%, 19.15%, 51.06%, 59.57%, and 14.89%, respectively. , the percentages of the control group were 3.92%, 5.10%, 9.02%, 19.22%, 17.65%, and 5.88%, and the difference was statistically significant between the two groups ( P<0.05). Taking postoperative bleeding as the dependent variable, and using the indicators with statistical differences in univariate analysis as independent variables, multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the patient had pancreatic cancer ( OR=1.838, 95% CI: 1.524-4.613, P=0.041), cholangiocarcinoma ( OR=2.548, 95% CI: 1.870-5.116, P=0.015), stone incarceration ( OR=3.078, 95% CI: 2.374-6.012, P<0.001), duodenum Intestinal papillary diverticula ( OR=1.140, 95% CI: 1.045-1.628, P<0.001), surgical pre-incision ( OR=1.640, 95% CI: 1.321-1.928, P<0.001) were associated with postoperative bleeding in MOJ patients after ERCP independent risk factors. The predictive ability of duodenal papillary diverticulum was the highest; the predictive ability of stone incarceration and cholangiocarcinoma was the second, and there was no significant difference between them; the predictive ability of pancreatic cancer, stone diameter, and pre-incision on bleeding after ERCP in MOJ patients smaller. Pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, large stone diameter, stone incarceration, duodenal papillary diverticulum, and pre-incision scores were 42, 63, 28, 65, 76, and 34 points respectively, and the total score was 308 points corresponding to the nomogram model. The predictive power of the nomogram was 61.6%, and overall, the nomogram had good predictive performance. Harrell concordance index analysis and ROC curve were used to evaluate the model discrimination, the C-index calculation result was 0.826 (95% CI: 0.771-0.847), the ROC curve AUC was 0.843 (95% CI: 0.801-0.884), and the ROC prediction The value and the calculation result of C-index are relatively close. The model discrimination is applied in this study and has a certain prediction effect. The nomogram model in the Calibration curve predicted the probability of postoperative bleeding after ERCP in MOJ patients with high consistency with the actual probability. Conclusion:ERCP is safe and feasible for most patients with MOJ, but for patients with pancreatic cancer, bile duct cancer, large stone diameter, stone incarceration, and duodenal papillary diverticulum, it should be performed with caution, and preoperative incision should be avoided, to reduce the risk of postoperative bleeding. In addition, the nomogram model has a strong predictive ability in predicting bleeding after ERCP in patients with MOJ, which is worthy of reference in clinical research.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1097-1102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929486

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the visual quality of patients after modified design aspheric balance curve(ABC)with intraocular lens(IOL)implantation, and to analyze the influencing factors of clinical IOL selection and guide the patient's IOL selection plan. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted in 67 patients(74 eyes)with simple cataract underwent phacoemulsification and foldable aspheric IOL implantation, and 23 eyes in the observation group were implanted with modified design IOL(HOYA Vivinex XY1 group), the control group was implanted with 51 eyes of traditional design IOL(Tecnis ZCB00 group with 27 eyes, IQ SN60WF group with 24 eyes). The uncorrected visual acuity, the best corrected visual acuity, total ocular spherical aberration(SA)and coma under different pupil diameters(3, 4, 5, 6mm), and different pupil diameters(3, 4, 5mm)were measured 1wk and 1mo after operation, the modulation transfer function(MTF)curve, objective scattering index(OSI), intraocular scattered light value Log(s)and contrast sensitivity were obtained. Statistical analysis was performed on the obtained data.RESULTS: The uncorrected visual acuity and best corrected visual acuity at 1wk and 1mo after operation in the three groups were significantly improved compared with those before operation, there was no significant difference among groups(P&#x003E;0.05). The difference of total ocular spherical aberration was statistically significant among the three groups with 5 and 6mm pupil diameter 1wk after operation(P=0.045, 0.037)and there were differences among three groups in pupil diameter of 6mm at 1mo after operation(P=0.042). Comparing the total ocular coma aberration, there were differences among the three groups at 1wk and 1mo after the operation at the pupil diameter of 5 and 6 mm(P&#x003C;0.05). With the increase of pupil diameter at 1wk and 1mo after operation, the total ocular spherical aberration in the HOYA Vivinex XY1 group was lower than that in the other two groups. The MTF values of the Vivinex XY1 group were higher than those that of the control group at each spatial frequency, there was no significant difference among groups(P&#x003E;0.05), and there were no statistical differences in objective scattering index, intraocular scattered light value Log(s)and contrast sensitivity among the three groups(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The improved design of the modified Vivinex IOL can reduce the total ocular spherical aberration and coma, improve the visual quality, and provide a new method for the selection of aspheric IOL.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 952-966, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929337

ABSTRACT

Substantial progress in the use of chemo-photodynamic nano-drug delivery systems (nano-DDS) for the treatment of the malignant breast cancer has been achieved. The inability to customize precise nanostructures, however, has limited the therapeutic efficacy of the prepared nano-DDS to date. Here, we report a structurally defined tandem-responsive chemo-photosensitive co-nanoassembly to eliminate primary breast tumor and prevent lung metastasis. This both-in-one co-nanoassembly is prepared by assembling a biocompatible photosensitive derivative (pheophorbide-diphenylalanine peptide, PPA-DA) with a hypoxia-activated camptothecin (CPT) prodrug [(4-nitrophenyl) formate camptothecin, N-CPT]. According to computational simulations, the co-assembly nanostructure is not the classical core-shell type, but consists of many small microphase regions. Upon exposure to a 660 nm laser, PPA-DA induce high levels of ROS production to effectively achieve the apoptosis of normoxic cancer cells. Subsequently, the hypoxia-activated N-CPT and CPT spatially penetrate deep into the hypoxic region of the tumor and suppress hypoxia-induced tumor metastasis. Benefiting from the rational design of the chemo-photodynamic both-in-one nano-DDS, these nanomedicines exhibit a promising potential in the inhibition of difficult-to-treat breast tumor metastasis in patients with breast cancer.

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