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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between breast reconstruction and postoperative complications by meta-analysis.Methods:Through a defined search strategy, related literature was collected in databases from PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang Database and VIP Database, from January 1990 to November 2017. Data were extracted and each merged data was analyzed using RevMan 5.3 software. The postoperative complications between transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous-flap (TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric perforatorflap (DIEP), TRAM and latissimus dorsiflap (LDF), LDF and LDF+ prosthesis, LDF+ prosthesis and simple prosthesis implantation were compared.Results:Twenty-nine papers met inclusion criteria of our study. The Meta-analysis results showed that the risk of local flap necrosis, seroma, infection, fat liquefaction, abdominal wall hernia and abdominal bulging in TRAM group were higher than those in DIEP group, and the differences were significant. There was no significant difference in total flap necrosis, wound dehiscence, venous congestion between the two groups; the risk of total flap necrosis, wound dehiscence and infection in TRAM group were higher than those in LDF group, and the differences were significant. The risk of seroma in TRAM group was lower than that in LDF group, and the differences were significant. There was no significant difference in fat liquefaction between the two groups; there was no significant difference in the postoperative complications between LDF group and LDF+ prosthesis group; the risk of seroma in LDF+ prosthetic group was higher than that in prosthetic group, and the differences was significant. The risk of prosthetic capsular contracture and prosthesis displacement in LDF+ prosthetic group were lower than those in prosthetic group, and the differences were significant. There was no significant difference in prosthesis exposure and infection between the two groups.Conclusions:DIEP has most of the advantages of TRAM and fewer complications. It plays an important role in breast reconstruction in the future. We should make a choice of breast reconstruction methods according to the patient's conditions as far as possible in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878722

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and risks of autologous blood patch pleurodesis in patients with persistent air leak(PAL)after lung resection. Methods A total of 97 patients with PAL after lung resection in Beijing Shijitan Hospital from October 2014 to October 2019 were retrospectively reviewed,including 53 treated by autologous blood patch pleurodesis and 44 by the conventional way.The therapeutic effect,adverse reactions and complications were analyzed. Results All the patients with PAL were cured with autologous blood patch pleurodesis.Most air leaks(81.1%)ceased within 48 hours after treatment,and the left 18.9% patients got cured after a repeat.The mean tube retention time and the mean in-hospital stay were 8.4 days and 10.0 days in the autologous blood patch pleurodesis group and 13.5 days and 15.3 days in the conventional treatment group.A prolonged drainage time(P=0.00)and in-hospital stay(P=0.00)were observed in the conventional treatment group.No severe complications were observed except two patients developed slight fever and cutaneous emphysema. Conclusion In our experience,the autologous blood patch pleurodesis is an effective way with low risk of adverse reactions in the treatment of PAL.


Subject(s)
Drainage , Humans , Length of Stay , Lung , Pleurodesis , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1317-1323, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878102

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) changed the therapeutic strategy of guidelines for type 2 diabetes. We compared the characteristics of patients from real-world hospital settings with those of participants in recent pragmatic randomized trials.@*METHODS@#This electronic medical record (EMR)-based retrospective observational study investigated the data of patients with diabetes from inpatient and outpatient settings in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 1, 2011, to June 30, 2019. We identified patients meeting the inclusion criteria of a pragmatic randomized trial (EMPA-REG OUTCOME) based on EMRs and compared their baseline characteristics with those of the trial participants. The cutoff for the clinical significance of each characteristic was set as its minimal clinically important difference based on expert consultation.@*RESULTS@#We included 48,257 inpatients and 36,857 outpatients with diabetes and found that 8389 (17.4%) inpatients and 2646 (7.2%) outpatients met the inclusion criteria for the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial. Compared with the trial population, the real-world inpatients meeting the eligibility criteria of the EMPA-REG OUTCOME had similar age, blood pressure, and lipid profiles but comprised of fewer males, metformin users, anti-hypertensive drug users, and aspirin users, and had a lower body mass index. The group of outpatients meeting the eligibility criteria had fewer males, similar age, fewer metformin users, fewer insulin users, fewer anti-hypertensive drug users, and fewer aspirin users compared with the trial population.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The trial population in EMPA-REG OUTCOME represents only a small portion of patients with diabetes from the inpatient and outpatient departments of a Chinese tertiary medical center. Evidence localization in different clinical settings and validation are essential to enabling extrapolation of the results from CVOTs in patients with diabetes to Chinese clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Benzhydryl Compounds , Canagliflozin , Cardiovascular Diseases , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Glucosides , Humans , Male , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors , Tertiary Care Centers
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 618-629, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873775

ABSTRACT

italic>Bupleurum L. (Apiaceae) is an economically important genus, in which many species are of medicinal value. In this study, the complete plastid genomes (plastomes) of B. chinense DC. and B. boissieuanum H. Wolff were sequenced and their characteristics were investigated. Comparative and phylogenetic analyses were conducted with other published Bupleurum plastomes. The complete plastomes of B. chinense and B. boissieuanum were 155 458 and 155 800 bp in length, and both exhibited the typical quadripartite circular structure consisting of a large single copy region (LSC, 85 343 and 85 804 bp), a small single copy region (SSC, 17 495 and 17 410 bp), and a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRa/b, 26 310 and 26 293 bp), respectively. A total of 129 genes, including 84 protein-coding genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and eight ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes were identified from each of the two plastomes. Repeat sequences detected were similar in types and distribution patterns, but the numbers were slightly different. Comparative analyses revealed that the Bupleurum plastomes were highly conserved in length, structure, the guanine and cytosine (GC) content, and gene content and order, both intraspecifically and interspecifically, and no obvious expansion or contraction of the inverted repeat regions occurred. Sequence variation was lower within the same species than among different species, noncoding sequences (including intergenic regions and introns) showed a higher divergence than the protein-coding sequences, and sequences in the LSC and SSC regions were more divergent than those in the IR regions. In addition, 11 sequences with higher nucleotide diversity among species were detected in the LSC and SSC regions. All studied Bupleurum species were inferred forming a monophyletic group with a 100% bootstrap value. Bupleurum chinense and B. boissieuanum were phylogenetically closest to B. commelynoideum and B. falcatum, separately, with all three B. chinense accessions clustered into a distinct clade. These results provide genetic information for further species identification, phylogenetic resolution, and will assist in exploration and utilization of medicinal Bupleurum species.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 168-176, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780571

ABSTRACT

The whole chloroplast genome ofthe medicinal plant Paeonia mairei H. Lév. was sequenced using the Illumina HiSeq X Ten platform and then assembled, annotated, and characterized by bioinformatic methods in this study. The complete chloroplast genome of P. mairei is 152 731 bp in length with the typical quadripartite structure, which consists of a large single copy-region (LSC, 84 402 bp), a small single copy-region (SSC, 16 969 bp), and a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRa and IRb, 25 680 bp), with an overall GC content of 38.4%. A total of 136 predicted genes, including 90 protein-coding genes, 38 tRNA genes and eight rRNA genes were identified. Among these, seven protein-coding genes, seven tRNA genes and four rRNA genes were found duplicated in the IR regions. In addition, 28 dispersed repeats, 10 tandem repeats, and 64 simple sequence repeats were detected within the whole chloroplast genome of P. mairei. Comparative analyses between 12 Peaonia species showed that the chloroplast genomes are highly conserved in length, gene content, gene order, and GC content. Meanwhile, the noncoding sequences (intergenic regions and introns) show a higher variation than the protein coding sequences, and sequences from the LSC region and SSC region are more variable than those from the IR regions. P. mairei was inferred forming in a distinct clade with P. lactiflora, P. obovate, and P. anomala subsp. veitchii with a 100% bootstrap value and is phylogenetically closest to P. lactiflora. These results may provide a basis for further genetic studies and the development and utilization of medicinal P. mairei.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1091-1095, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changing trend of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) receiving veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) and its predictive value.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. The data of patients with CS receiving V-A ECMO admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2015 to May 2020 were enrolled. The baseline data, ECMO related parameters, serum cTnT levels at 1, 2, 3 days after ECMO and intensive care unit (ICU) prognosis were recorded. The parameters with clinical significance and significant difference in univariate analysis were analyzed by binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Meanwhile, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, area under ROC curve (AUC) was analyzed, and the threshold, sensitivity and specificity of serum cTnT level and its reduction rate for predicting clinical outcome were evaluated.Results:A total of 72 patients were enrolled, of which 42 survived and 30 died at ICU discharge, and the ICU mortality was 41.7%. Univariate analysis results: compared with the survival group, the patients in the death group had higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score [32 (30, 34) vs. 29 (25, 30)], and the incidence of cardiac arrest before ECMO (70.0% vs. 31.0%), the ratios of invasive mechanical ventilation and continuous renal replacement therapy during ECMO were higher (96.7% vs. 66.7%, 83.3% vs. 42.9%), and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Serum cTnT levels (ng/L) at 2 days and 3 days after ECMO in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group [2 days: 6 373.5 (898.3, 15 251.5) vs. 1 760.5 (933.0, 4 257.8), 3 day: 6 202.0 (758.9, 16 554.3) vs. 1 678.0 (623.3, 3 407.8), both P < 0.05], and the decrease rates of cTnT within 2 days and 3 days after ECMO were significantly lower than those in the survival group [2 days: 17.3% (-44.2%, 34.7%) vs. 36.8% (18.1%, 60.6%), 3 days: 32.4% (-30.0%, 55.5%) vs. 53.2% (38.3%, 72.3%), both P < 0.05]. Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that cardiac arrest before ECMO [odds ratio ( OR) = 4.564, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.212-17.193, P = 0.025] and the decrease rate of cTnT level within 2 days after ECMO ( OR = 1.617, 95% CI was 1.144-4.847, P = 0.026) were independent prognostic risk factors for the ICU death of CS patients receiving V-A ECMO. ROC curve analysis showed that the decline rate of cTnT within 2 days after ECMO transfer had a certain predictive value for the ICU death of CS patients receiving V-A ECMO. The AUC was 0.704 (95% CI was 0.584-0.824). The optimal diagnostic threshold was 40.0%, the sensitivity was 86.7%, the specificity was 52.4%, the positive predictive value was 66.9%, and the negative predictive value was 89.1%. Conclusions:The early decline rate of cTnT in CS patients who received V-A ECMO treatment in death group was lower than that of survival patients. The cTnT decline rate 2 days after ECMO was an independent risk factor for the death of such patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic effects of microdissection tungsten needle and high-frequency electrosurgical generator on open thyroid surgery.Methods:95 patients who underwent open thyroid surgery from Jan. 2017 to Dec. 2017 in the Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Daping Hospital of Army Military Medical University were divided into microdissection tungsten needle group ( n=50) and high-frequency electrosurgical generator group ( n=45) according to different methods. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative complication rate and recurrence and metastasis rate of the two groups were compared. Results:There were no significant differences in operation time (79.3±14.7 vs 73.7±13.9, t=1.914, P=0.059) , intraoperative blood loss (31.8±9.7 vs 30.3±10.6, t=0.702, P=0.484) and postoperative drainage volume (67.3±13.0 vs 71.3±10.8, t=-1.650, P=0.102) between the two groups ( P>0.05) . There were significant differences between the two groups in temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury (2% vs 17.8%,χ 2=5.518, P=0.023) and temporary hypoparathyroidism (18% vs 44%,χ 2=7.810, P=0.005) , and the results of the microdissection tungsten needle group were better than high-frequency electrosurgical generator group ( P<0.05) . There were no permanent RLN and permanent hypoparathyroidism in the two groups. There were no recurrence and metastasis during the follow-up period. Conclusions:The microdissection tungsten needle is superior to the high-frequency electrosurgical generator in the protection of RLN and parathyroid gland in open thyroid surgery, which is worthy of promotion in clinical application.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the impact of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) on neurological outcome and survival in adults with cardiac arrest (CA).Methods:Totally 31 adult patients with ECPR were enrolled from March 2015 to June 2019 in Emergency Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nangjing Medical University (Jiangsu People Hospital). Patients were divided to the survival group ( n=12) and death group ( n=19). Duration of conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and other mechanical support were compared between groups. Cerebral performance category (CPC) and hospital survival were also evaluated according to the duration of CCPR before ECPR. Results:The duration of CCPR before ECPR was significantly shorter in the survival group than that in the death group ( P=0.002). Duration of ECMO had no significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.478). The location of CA occurrence had no impact on the hospital survival rate ( P=0.716). ECPR in combination with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) also had no impact on the hospital survival rate ( P=0.174), and patients received continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) had higher hospital survival than patients without CRRT ( P = 0.032). Patients with CCPR duration ≤ 60 min had higher rates of ROSC and hospital survival ( P <0.001). CPC evaluation showed no difference between the two groups. Conclusions:ECMO can provide effective life support to CA patients, and improve their survival rates. It is recommended to initiation of ECMO implantation within 60 min after CCPR.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of troponin T decrease rate on the prognosis of patients with acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM) following extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:AFM patients treated with ECMO from April 2015 to December 2018 in our hospital were enrolled in this study. According to the hospital survival, patients were divided into the survival group and non-survival group. The decrease rate of troponin T within 24, 48 and 72 h were compared in the two groups.Results:A total of 18 patients with a mean age of 31 years were enrolled. Fifteen patients survived and 3 patients died with an in-hospital survival rate of 83.3%. The decrease rate of troponin T within 24 h was higher in the survival group than that in the non-survival group (49.36% vs.-59.57%, P<0.05), while there were no statistical differences in 48 h and 72 h between the two groups (57.17% vs.-35.67%, 65.53% vs. 58.96%; all P>0.05). Conclusions:ECMO is an effective treatment for cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest caused by AFM. The decrease rate of troponin T within 24 h supported by ECMO is higher in the survival group.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left ventricular systolic function (LVEF) after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM).Methods:Seven patients were admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August 2018 to November 2018. All the patients accepted veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-AECMO). Complications associated with ECMO and clinical outcome were documented. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), single photo emission computed tomography (SPECT), and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)were performed to evaluate LVEF.Results:Seven patients were successfully weaned from V-AECMO, 2 of whom had oxygenator leakage, 4 had femoral artery bleeding after decannulation, and 2 had femoral artery pesudoaneurysm. There was no statistical difference in LVEF evaluation between TTE and CMR [(62.4±6.8)% vs (58.9±8.2)%, P >0.05]. CMR and SPECT further revealed myocardial pathological change and coronary arterial blood perfusion. Conclusions:ECMO is recommended in patients with AFM. TTE is simple and easy to perform and is not inferior to CMR in LVEF evaluation. CMR can reflect pathological changes of cardiomyocytes at the cellular level, and SPECT can reflect coronary perfusion.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive factors of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients.Methods:The clinical data of 68 ECMO patients treated at Emergence Department of Jiangsu Provincial Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) was used to assess the usage of vasoactive-inotropic drugs on day 1, 2 and 3 of ECMO (24 h VIS, 48 h VIS, and 72 h VIS). According to received RRT or not, patients were divided into the RRT group and non-RRT group. Age, gender, weight, VIS, presence of cardiac arrest before ECMO, ECMO mode, and ECMO treatment time were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictive factors for RRT in ECMO patients.Results:Of the enrolled patients, 73.5% of ECMO patients received RRT. The mean age, 24 h VIS, ECMO failure and mortality of the RRT group were significantly higher than those of the non-RRT group ( P <0.05). The use of RRT was 87.8% in elderly ECMO patients (> cutoff age of 38.5 years). According to the cutoff value of 24 h VIS (33.75), ECMO patients were divided into the high VIS group and low VIS group. The rates of RRT and mortality were both exceeded 90% in the high VIS group, which was significantly higher than that of the low VIS group ( P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age ( OR=1.223) and 24 h VIS ( OR=1.033) were predictive factors of RRT in ECMO patients ( P <0.05). Conclusions:Age and 24 h VIS show the predictive value for RRT in ECMO patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the inter-hospital transport experience on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) led by a team from emergency department.Methods:The clinical data of 21 patients transferred under the support of ECMO between December 2016 and February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were transferred to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from other hospitals. Interhospital distance, transport methods, patient demorgraphic characteristics, disease diagnosis, intubation location, intubation method, adverse events during transport and transport outcome were retrieved.Results:Eighteen of the 21 patients were transferred under our mobile ECMO team from outer hospitals to our ECMO intensive care unit. Three patients were cannulated by physicians of outer hospital and transported to our ECMO intensive care unit. All patients were transported by ground ambulance, and the distances varied from 2.5 to 252 km, with an average distance of 112.3±103.2 km. No death occurred during transportation. Adverse events in transport occurred in 6 patients. Of these, the most common were patient-related adverse events..Conclusions:Inter-hospital transport by ECMO in China is currently dominated by ground ambulance.. Experienced mobile ECMO team can safely operate inter-hospital transport supported by ECMO

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833432

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#: Due to recent developments and the wide application of percutaneous transforaminal discectomy (PTED) in China, we herein compare its clinical effects with microendoscopic discectomy (MED) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation in terms of recurrence and revision rates. @*Methods@#: Six databases, namely, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Ovid, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang, were searched by computer. The literature was screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of the included literature was evaluated. After extracting the data from the papers, Review Manager 5.2 software (Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, UK) was applied to analyze these data. Finally, sensitivity and publication bias analyses of the results were conducted. @*Results@#: A total of 12 studies consisting of 2400 patients were included in this meta-analysis. A comparison of PTED with MED revealed higher postoperative recurrence and postoperative revision rates for PTED (odds ratio [OR] recurrence, 1.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 2.53; p=0.05 and OR revision, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.18 to 2.64, p=0.006). @*Conclusion@#: PTED has a number of advantages because it is a minimally invasive surgery, but its recurrence and revision rates are higher than MED. Therefore, MED should not be completely replaced by PTED.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828459

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the similarities and differences of early CT manifestations of three types of viral pneumonia induced by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), SARS-CoV (SARS) and MERS-CoV (MERS) using a systemic review. Methods Electronic database were searched to identify all original articles and case reports presenting chest CT features for adult patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS pneumonia respectively. Quality of literature and completeness of presented data were evaluated by consensus reached by three radiologists. Vote-counting method was employed to include cases of each group. Data of patients' manifestations in early chest CT including lesion patterns, distribution of lesions and specific imaging signs for the three groups were extracted and recorded. Data were compared and analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Results A total of 24 studies were included, composing of 10 studies of COVID-19, 5 studies of MERS and 9 studies of SARS. The included CT exams were 147, 40, and 122 respectively. For the early CT features of the 3 pneumonias, the basic lesion pattern with respect to "mixed ground glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation, GGO mainly, or consolidation mainly" was similar among the 3 groups (=7.966, >0.05). There were no significant differences on the lesion distribution (=13.053, >0.05) and predominate involvement of the subpleural area of bilateral lower lobes (=4.809, >0.05) among the 3 groups. The lesions appeared more focal in COVID-19 pneumonia at early phase (=23.509, <0.05). The proportions of crazy-paving pattern (=23.037, <0.001), organizing pneumonia pattern (<0.05) and pleural effusions (<0.001) in COVID-19 pneumonia were significantly lower than the other two. Although rarely shown in the early CT findings of all three viral pneumonias, the fibrotic changes were more frequent in SARS than COVID-19 and MERS (=6.275, <0.05). For other imaging signs, only the MERS pneumonia demonstrated tree-in-buds, cavitation, and its incidence rate of interlobular or intralobular septal thickening presented significantly increased as compared to the other two pneumonia (=22.412, <0.05). No pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and lymphadenopathy was present for each group. Conclusions Imaging findings on early stage of these three coronavirus pneumonias showed similar basic lesion patterns, including GGO and consolidation, bilateral distribution, and predominant involvement of the subpleural area and the lower lobes. Early signs of COVID-19 pneumonia showed less severity of inflammation. Early fibrotic changes appeared in SARS only. MERS had more severe inflammatory changes including cavitation and pleural effusion. The differences may indicate the specific pathophysiological processes for each coronavirus pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , SARS Virus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876226

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health literacy level and health related behavior of high school students in Xuhui District of Shanghai, and to provide basis for health literacy intervention. Methods Using qualitative and quantitative methods, the quantitative part adopted the multi-stage stratified sampling method.A total of 355 aged 15-18 from senior high schools in Xuhui District were selected for face-to-face survey.The qualitative part adopted the form of group interviews, and 20 students from two senior high schools in Xuhui District were selected for interviews. Results The health literacy level of high school students in Xuhui District was 27.32%, which was lower than that of adults in the same period.Among the three dimensions, the level of basic knowledge and concept literacy was the highest, followed by the level of health basic skills literacy, the level of healthy lifestyle and behavior literacy was the lowest; among the six types of health problems, the level of infectious disease prevention literacy and basic medical literacy was at a low level.Statistical analysis of the correct answer rate showed that the answer rate of various questions in the health literacy survey was quite different.Further analysis of the health-related behavioral characteristics of high school students showed that most students had correct health concept and awareness of health change, but they encountered resistance in the process of knowledge transformation into action, which mainly came from academic burden, school education, peer influence and so on.The main channels for high school students to obtain health-related information were classroom, parents, school and various media.They had a high degree of trust in medical professionals and encountered difficulties in seeking health information. Conclusion The health literacy level of senior high school students in Xuhui District of Shanghai needs to be improved.We should explore a health intervention model more suitable for the behavioral characteristics of this group weak links in their health literacy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873329

ABSTRACT

Objective::To rapidly identify and analysis the chemical constituents in the methanol extract of heartwood of Dalbergia cochinchinensis by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Method::UPLC RRHD SB-C18 column (3.0 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used for chromatographic separation with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0-0.01 min, 5%B; 0.01-2 min, 5%-22%B; 2-28 min, 22%-35%B; 28-45 min, 35%-44%B; 45-55 min, 44%-100%B; 55-57 min, 100%B; 57-57.10 min, 100%~5%B) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1. The analytes were determined in negative ion mode with electrospray ionization (ESI) and data collection range of m/z 100-1 500. Result::A total of 101 chemical constituents were identified, including 22 flavonoids, 34 isoflavones, 15 neoflavonoids, 18 other flavonoids and 12 other components. Conclusion::UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique can quickly, accurately and comprehensively identify the chemical constituents in the heartwood of D. cochinchinensis. Isoflavones, flavonoids and neoflavonoids are the main chemical constituents in the heartwood of D. cochinchinensis, which is of great significance to reveal its internal material basis and provides experimental basis for this plant to be developed as a potential new resource of traditional Chinese medicine.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the allelopathic effects of water extracts from rhizosphere soil of three medicinal plants Rehmannia glutinosa,Pinellia ternata and Isatis indigotica on seed germination and seedling growth of Polygala tenuifolia, screen the stubble varieties suitable for crop rotation with P. tenuifolia, and provide some scientific basis for continuous cropping obstacles of P. tenuifolia. Method:The bioassay method was used to study the effects of rhizosphere soil water extracts from three medicinal plants Rehmannia glutinosa,Pinellia ternata and Isatis indigotica at concentrations of 0.3,0.6,0.9 g·mL-1 on the germination of P. tenuifolia seed and seedling growth. Result:The rhizosphere soil water extracts of Rehmannia glutinosa and Pinellia ternata showed basically low-promotion and high-inhibition concentration effects on the final germination rate,germination potential,and germination index of P. tenuifolia seeds,while the water extract of Isatis indigotica showed significant allelopathic inhibition effect. All three rhizosphere soil water extracts showed significant allelopathic inhibition effects on the growth index of P. tenuifolia seedlings. Among them,the rhizosphere soil water extract of Rehmannia glutinosa showed lower inhibitory effect on the plant height and root length of P. tenuifolia seedlings than the other two water extracts. The photosynthetic pigment content,proline(Pro) content,and soluble sugar content of P. tenuifolia chinensis seedlings were the highest under 0.3 g·mL-1 soil water extract of Rehmannia glutinosa, with relatively higher content of soluble protein, and relatively lower content of hydrogen oxide(H2O2). Under the treatment of 0.9 g·mL-1 soil water extract of Rehmannia glutinosa,P. tenuifolia seedlings had the highest peroxidase(POD) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) activities,low catalase(CAT) activity,and lowest content of malondialdehyde(MDA). Conclusion:Based on the comprehensive analysis of the above experimental data and allelopathic effects,the water extract of rhizosphere of Rehmannia glutinosa can promote the germination of P. tenuifolia seeds to a certain extent,and lay the foundation for seedling resistance to biochemical stress. Therefore, Rehmannia glutinosa is more suitable for crop rotation with P. tenuifolia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect differences between "'s five-needle method" and routine acupoint selection on allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome.@*METHODS@#A total of 210 patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (105 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (105 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with "'s five-needling method", and the acupoints of Feishu (BL 13), Dazhui (GV 14), Fengmen (BL 12), Yintang (GV 29), Shangyingxiang (EX-HN 8) and Hegu (LI 4), etc. were selected; the patients in the control group was treated with routine acupuncture, and the acupoints of Feishu (BL 13), Zhongfu (LU 1), Taiyuan (LU 9), Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Danzhong (CV 17), Yintang (GV 29), Fengmen (BL 12) and Zusanli (ST 36), etc. were selected. The treatment in the two groups was given once a day, 6 times a week, for 4 weeks. The score of symptoms and signs was observed before and after treatment as well as 1 month, 2 months and 3 months after treatment. The forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and eosinophils in peripheral blood were measured before and after treatment in the two groups. After treatment, the clinical therapeutic effect was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 98.0% (99/101) in the observation group, which was superior to 94.1% (95/101) in the control group (0.05), and the total score of symptoms and signs in the third month of follow-up in the control group was significantly increased (<0.05). After treatment, FEV1 and PEF in the two groups were increased (<0.01), eosinophil count in peripheral blood was decreased (<0.01), and the improvement in the observation group was greater than that in the control group (<0.01, <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#"'s five-needle method" can improve the clinical symptoms and pulmonary function, reduce the count of eosinophils in peripheral blood in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome, and the curative effect is better than routine acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma , Therapeutics , Humans , Needles , Rhinitis, Allergic , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1951-1956, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825173

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the use of DNA barcode in the identification of wild Phytolacca resources in the Shaanxi Guanzhong area, 29 DNA samples were amplified and sequenced by using the universal primers ITS2 and psbA-trnH. The sequences were spliced and proof-read by Codon CodeA aligner V3.0, followed by blast comparison and identification analysis; mega 6.0 was used to analyze sequence characteristics, Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) was used to analyze distance and intraspecific or interspecific variation, and Neighbor-Joining trees were established to evaluate the ability of two pairs of candidate sequences to distinguish Phytolaccae Radix from its adulterants. The results showed that the success rate of PCR amplification and sequencing of ITS2 and psbA-trnH was 100%; the NJ tree showed that both ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences could separate P. acinosa, P. americana, other species of the same genus like P. japonica, P. exiensis and two adulterant species into a single clade; primer ITS2 had an advantage over psbA-trnH in determining interspecific genetic distances. Therefore, both ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences can be used for identification of Phytolacca and their adulterants, which provides a theoretical basis for the distribution of wild Phytolacca resources and their rational development and utilization.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 898-906, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821681

ABSTRACT

Stroke has been harmful to human health for a long time, and there is no satisfactory treatment strategy because of its complex pathogenesis. Taohechengqi decoction has been effective in the treatment of stroke. In this study, the components were collected by TCMSP, TCMIP, BATMAN-TCM and TCMID databases, the targets were predicted and screened by PharmMapper and BATMAN-TCM databases, and the functional enrichment analysis of the targets was carried out by using R language package clusterProfiler. Finally, the key targets are verified by GEO database and molecular docking. The results showed that 51 active components of Taohechengqi decoction may regulate 15 key targets such as nitric oxide synthase, endothelial (NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), affecting vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and other pathways to play a role in the prevention of stroke, affecting tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway and other pathways to play a role in the treatment of stroke. GEO data analysis showed that androgen receptor (AR), caspase-8 (CASP8), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), interleukin-1 beta (IL1B), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14), MMP9, myeloperoxidase (MPO), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), PTGS2 and cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) were up-regulated genes, while serum albumin (ALB), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), NOS3, transcription factor p65 (RELA) and proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (SRC) were down-regulated genes. GEO analysis explained that Taohechengqi decoction may prevent stroke by down-regulating ESR1, NOS3, and treat stroke by up-regulating ICAM1, IL1B, MAPK14, MMP9, PPARG, PTGS2, TP53, and down-regulating RELA and SRC. The study found that in the process of prevention and treatment of stroke, Taohechengqi decoction played a two-way regulation role through multi-genes and multiple ways, which provided a new strategy for the treatment of stroke.

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