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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 539-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the dose calculation accuracy of cone-beam CT (CBCT) image by actual measurement method.Methods:CBCT images of 60 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from September, 2021 to May, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. CBCT images of full-fan and half-fan scanning of the head, half-fan scanning of the chest and pelvis were obtained by the Varian OBI system. Hounsfield unit - electron density (HU-ED) curves corresponding to the scanning conditions were established with CIRS electron density phantom. The radiotherapy plans were designed on the CBCT images, and the dose calculation results of the detection point were compared with the ionization chamber measurement results to analyze the dose error. Then, three-dimensional dose verification system was adopted to detect the accuracy of the CBCT image radiotherapy plans implementation process in 60 patients, and the accuracy of dose calculation was verified according to the D 99%, D mean, D 1% of target volume, D mean and D 1% of organs at risk (OAR), and the γ pass rate. Results:In point dose detection in phantom, the dose calculation errors of CBCT images in the above four scanning patterns were -1.06%±0.87%、-1.67%±0.86%, 0.91%±0.73%, -1.54%±0.90%, respectively. In dosimetric verification based on patients' CBCT image treatment plan, the mean difference of D mean, D 99%, and D 1% of planning target volume (PTV) in all scanning modes were not higher than 2%, and the D mean and D 1% differences of other OAR were not higher than 3%, except for the lens of patients in the head. The average γ values of target volume and OAR were less than 0.5 under the criteria of 3%/2 mm. Conclusions:Under the condition of correctly establishing HU-ED curves, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) / volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning based on CBCT images can be employed to estimate and monitor the actual dose to target volume and OAR in adaptive radiotherapy. Full-fan scanning patterns can further improve the accuracy of dose calculation for the head of patients.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1109-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992425

ABSTRACT

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a common gastrointestinal disease, often accompanied by systemic inflammatory reactions and organ dysfunction. SAP has an acute onset, severe condition, rapid progression, and poor prognosis. The development of SAP is closely related to the excessive release of inflammatory factors. In the comprehensive treatment of SAP, continuous blood purification (CBP) can clear inflammatory mediators, improve the stability of Internal environment, improve organ function, reduce blood lipids, regulate immunity, and significantly improve the condition of SAP patients. It is an important means of treating SAP. This article reviews the research progress of CBP in the treatment of SAP.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 19-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971297

ABSTRACT

Transbronchil biopsy has the characteristic of less trauma and quick recovery compared to percutaneous aspiration biopsy. In order to automate this procedure, it requires the development of a robotic surgical system that combines electromagnetic navigation and flexible endoscope. The robotic surgical system introduced herein consists of flexible endoscope, remote-control handle, electromagnetic navigation and dexterous manipulators. The robotic system supports lung bronchial model segmentation and reconstruction, automatic bronchial path planning, real-time navigation and visual biopsy. In the control of the endoscopic catheter, an elasticity compensation algorithm was proposed to improve the location accuracy of the catheter and operational efficiency. Clinical trials proved that the robotic system had high positioning accuracy, was intuitive to operate, and could improve the biopsy efficiency, shorten the learning time, reduce the burden of surgical operations, and lower radiation exposure and infection rate.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Endoscopy , Bronchoscopy
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1120-1125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928032

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of drug registration in China, the classification of Chinese medicine has greatly met the needs of public health and effectively guided the transformation, inheritance, and innovation of research achievements on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). In the past 30 years, the development of new Chinese medicine has followed the registration transformation model of " one prescription for single drug". This model refers to the R&D and registration system of modern drugs, and approximates to the " law-abiding" medication method in TCM clinic, while it rarely reflects the sequential therapy of syndrome differentiation and comprehensive treatment with multiple measures. In 2017, Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Review and Approval System and Encouraging the Innovation of Drugs and Medical Devices released by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to " establish and improve the registration and technical evaluation system in line with the characteristics of Chinese medicine, and handle the relationship between the traditional advantages of Chinese medicine and the requirements of modern drug research". Therefore, based on the development law and characteristics of TCM, clinical thinking should be highlighted in the current technical requirements and registration system of research and development of Chinese medicine. Based on the current situation of registration supervision of Chinese medicine and the modern drug research in China, the present study analyzed limitations and deficiency of " one prescription for single drug" in the research and development of Chinese medicine. Additionally, a new type of " series prescriptions" was proposed, which was consistent with clinical thinking and clinical reality. This study is expected to contribute to the independent innovation and high-quality development of the TCM industry.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Public Health
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 565-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze changes in nutritional status and immune function of elderly men receiving regular physical examinations, and to investigate the effects of aging on the nutritional status and immune function among elderly men.Methods:A total of 209 elderly men aged 60-101(72.9±11.5)years and receiving regular physical check-ups were enrolled.All research subjects were subjected to nutritional risk screening(NRS2002)and monitoring of nutrition and immune-related indicators, including routine blood work, blood biochemistry, immunoglobulin and T lymphocyte subsets.Results:Body weight, body mass index, hemoglobin, total protein, albumin and serum iron of elderly men decreased with age( F=21.754, 6.257, 47.528, 12.285, 18.397, 18.667, all P<0.001), with those aged 80 and above showing more significant decline and a greater proportion with malnutrition( χ2=77.134, P<0.001). The B lymphocyte counts of elderly men aged 80 and above were significantly lower( P<0.05)while serum IgA and IgG levels were significantly higher( F=3.110, 3.866, P=0.047, 0.022)than those of the 70-79 year old group.In addition, the B lymphocyte count and B lymphocyte ratio in malnourished elderly men were significantly lower( t=2.512, 2.874, P=0.013, 0.005), and IgA was significantly increased( t=2.513, P=0.017), compared with those with normal nutrition. Conclusions:The risk of malnutrition and reduced immune function among elderly men aged 80 years and above is significantly increased, and assessment and screening of the risk of malnutrition in the elderly should be stressed.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 349-355, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (cFLIP) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury based on the RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL-mediated necroptosis pathway.Methods:The cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was constructed by hypoxia for 4 h/reoxygenation for 12 h, and the rat ischemia reperfusion (I/R) model was constructed by ligating the left anterior descending artery for 30 min and reperfusion for 3 h. CCK-8 method was used to detect the viability of cardiomyocytes in each group. DAPI/PI double staining was used to observe changes in necrosis rate of myocardial cell. STRING database was used to predict the protein interaction network of cFLIP. TTC staining was used to detect the area of myocardial infarction in each group of rats, and the protein expression of cFLIPL, cFLIPS, p-RIPK1, p-RIPK3 and p-MLKL were detected by Western blot.Results:In cardiomyocyte H/R injury and myocardial tissue I/R injury, the protein expressions of cFLIPL and cFLIPS were significantly down-regulated, while the levels of p-RIPK1, p-RIPK3 and p-MLKL were increased significantly. Up-regulating the protein expression of cFLIPL and cFLIPS could significantly reduce the damage of cardiomyocytes and the rate of cell necrosis induced by H/R, and decrease the area of myocardial infarction caused by I/R. STRING database results showed that cFLIP had direct protein interactions with RIPK1 and RIPK3. Overexpression of cFLIP in cardiomyocyte and myocardial tissue significantly inhibited H/R or I/R induced the phosphorylation levels of RIPK1, RIPK3 and MLKL.Conclusions:Overexpression of cFLIP can significantly inhibit the RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL-mediated necroptosis, thereby reducing myocardial cell damage and decreasing the area of myocardial infarction.

7.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 28-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939847

ABSTRACT

The complexity of oral ulcerations poses considerable diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to oral specialists. The expert consensus was conducted to summarize the diagnostic work-up for difficult and complicated oral ulcers, based on factors such as detailed clinical medical history inquiry, histopathological examination, and ulceration-related systemic diseases screening. Not only it can provide a standardized procedure of oral ulceration, but also it can improve the diagnostic efficiency, in order to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Oral Ulcer/therapy
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1147-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle can improve the lower limb force line of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients with external femoral arch.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to October 2018, 50 patients (55 knees) with osteoarthritis with genu varus deformity combined with external femoral arch for TKA were selected. There were 10 males and 40 females. The age ranged from 63.1 to 80.5 years old, with an average of (67.8±5.8) years old. Forty-five cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral. The osteoarthritis stages of 55 knees were Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ; and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 10 years. PreoperativeSpecial Surgery (Hospital for Special Surgery) scores:pain was 15.20±3.52; function was 8.30±2.96;mobility was 10.15±2.85;muscle strength was 4.20±1.95;flexion deformity was 5.50±3.05;stability was 6.15±2.20; total score was 47.93±3.39. The external femoral arch angle ranged from 6.4° to 16.7°, with a mean of (10.63±2.29) °. The tibiofemoral angle ranged from 7.4° to 12.6°, with a mean of (12.04±3.59)°. The anatomical distal femoral angle ranged from 83.10° to 91.20°, with a mean of (84.55± 1.66)°. And the distance from the center of the knee joint to the lower limb line of force ranged from 2.01 to 6.00 cm, with a mean of (3.57±1.12) cm. During the replacement surgery, the femoral opening point and the valgus angle were individually set to obtain a good line of force of the lower limbs.@*RESULTS@#Before the operation, the distance of femoral opening point ranged from 0.24 to 0.74 cm, with a mean of (0.54±0.10) cm. The distance between the internal and external condyles of the femur ranged from 6.86 to 8.12 cm, with a mean of (7.27±0.27) cm. The preoperative valgus correction angle (VCA) ranged from 7.20° to 13.80°, with a mean of (9.38±1.38) °. The post-correction valgus correction angle' (VCA') ranged from 6.10° to 9.50°, with a mean of (7.36±0.82) °. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 36 months, with an average of (13.5±5.8) months. All patients obtained good knee function after operation. Three months after operation, HSS scores included pain of 25.30±3.05, function of 18.25±2.05, mobility of 16.05±0.75, muscle strength of 6.20±2.10, flexion deformity of 8.80±1.85, stability of 8.20±1.75; and the total score ranged from 90.00 to 93.00, with an average of 91.82±0.98. The total score was higher than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#In TKA combined with external femoral arch, good lower limb force line and knee joint function can be obtained by externally shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Femur/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
9.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1111-1117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921852

ABSTRACT

Using modular identification methods in gene-drug multiplex networks to infer new gene-drug associations can identify new therapeutic target genes for known drugs. In this paper, based on the gene expression data and drug response data of lung cancer in the genomics of drug sensitivity in cancer (GDSC) database, a multiple network algorithm is proposed. First, a heterogeneous network of genes of lung cancer and drugs in different cell lines is constructed, and then a network module identification method based on graph entropy is used. In this heterogeneous network, network modules are identified, and five lung cancer gene-drug association modules are identified through iterative convergence. Compared with other methods, the algorithm has better results in terms of running time, accuracy and robustness, and the identified modules have obvious biological significance. The research results in this article have guiding significance for the medication and treatment of lung cancer, and can provide references for the treatment of other diseases with the same targeted genes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Neoplasm , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Pharmaceutical Preparations
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1093-1100, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, diagnosis and therapy of aggressive natural killer cell leukemia (ANKL) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestations, cellular morphology, immunophenotypic analysis by flow cytometry (FCM), TCR gene rearrangement, pathology and Immunohistochemical analysis of bone marrow (BM) were combined to diagnose the six patients with ANKL.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients were 35.5 years old. All the patients with fever, cytopenia and liver dysfunction. Imageological examination presented hepatosplenomegaly (6/6), and PET/CT presented diffusely increased metabolism in liver, spleen and BM (3/3). BM cytologic examination presented increased hematophagocyte at the early stage and 1%-42% leukemic cell were detected in BM with the progression of diseases. FCM showed the leukemic cells were positive for CD2(6/6), CD56(5/6), CD16(2/6), CD94(3/6), CD38(3/6), cCD3(1/5), CD8(1/6), CD7(2/6), CD57(1/6) and negative for CD3, CD4, TdT, cMPO, TCR α/β, TCR γ/δ. The neoplastic cells were negative for TCR gene rearrangement. Five cases showed increased quantitation of whole blood Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA.@*CONCLUSION@#ANKL is a highly aggressive disease. Prompt and repeating BM examination is important to patient with fever, cytopenia and liver dysfunction. The diagnosis of ANKL relies mainly on the integration of clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic finding and EBV-DNA increasement.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 273-283, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874594

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients often exhibit peritoneal metastasis, which negatively impacts their prognosis. CD31 and D2-40 have recently been suggested to be predictors of breast cancer prognosis, but their role in colorectal peritoneal metastasis (CRPM) remains unknown. @*Methods@#The expression profiles of CD31 and D2-40 were analyzed in CRC patients with or without CRPM and in CRC cell lines with increasing metastatic potential. Overexpression and short hairpin RNA knockdown assays were performed in CRC cells, and the effects of these alterations on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in vitro, growth of xenograft tumors in vivo, and peritoneal metastasis potential in a mouse model of CRPM were examined. @*Results@#The expressions of CD31 and D2-40 were upregulated in CRC tumor tissues and was elevated further in tumor tissues from patients with CRPM. CD31 and D2-40 expression levels exhibited increasing trends parallel to the EMT potential of CRC cells. CD31 and D2-40 are essential for CRC cell EMT in vitro as well as for xenograft tumor growth and peritoneal metastasis in vivo. @*Conclusions@#CD31 and D2-40 contribute to CRPM by promoting EMT and may serve as prognostic markers and therapeutic targets for CRC, particularly in patients with peritoneal metastasis.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3150-3155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888055

ABSTRACT

In recent years, only a small number of new Chinese medicines have been approved for marketing, which has embodied the bottleneck in the development of the Chinese medicine industry. To tackle this problem, the National Medical Products Administration has issued a series of regulations and technical requirements. In the context of new regulations, this study deeply explored the research and development strategies of new Chinese medicines under the guidance of the new classification of drug registration, and discussed the key technical issues in the research and development.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Research
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 302-307, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941109

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of different admission ways on the timeliness of percutaneous coronary intervention and in-hospital mortality in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 1 044 patients with STEMI, who received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in 9 hospitals in Chengdu from January 2017 to June 2019, were retrospectively enrolled. According to the admission ways, patients were divided into ambulance group (n=100), self-transport group (n=584) and transferred group (n=360). Timeliness and in-hospital mortality were compared among the groups. Indicators of timeliness included the time from symptoms onset to arrive at the hospital, the time from arrive at the hospital to balloon and the total myocardial ischemia time (the time from symptoms to balloon). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to verify whether the admission ways was the determinant for in-hospital death in STEMI patients receiving PPCI. Results: The median total myocardial ischemic time in the ambulance group was significantly shorter than that in the self-transport group (180.0 (135.0, 282.0) minutes vs. 278.0 (177.8, 478.5) minutes, P<0.05) and the transferred group (180.0 (135.0, 282.0) minutes vs. 301.0 (204.3, 520.8) minutes, P<0.05). The median time from symptoms to door was as follows: ambulance group<self-transport group<transferred group (100.0 (56.3, 198.0) minutes vs. 149.0 (72.0, 313.5) minutes vs. 238.0 (135.0, 545.0) minutes, all P<0.05). The median door-to-balloon time was significantly shorter in the ambulance group and transferred group than in the self-transport group (75.0 (44.3, 101.8) minutes vs. 97.0 (71.0, 140.5) minutes, 67.0 (40.0, 91.8) minutes vs. 97.0 (71.0, 140.5) minutes, both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality among the three groups (P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that admission way was not significantly associated with in-hospital death (P>0.05). Conclusions: STEMI patients, who are admitted through the medical emergency system, are more likely to receive timely interventional therapy.Different admission ways have no impact on in-hospital mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 378-382, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of improving the accuracy of dose calculation of treatment plan in radiotherapy for patients with metal implants.Methods:A CT simulator with metal artifact reduction technique (MAR) was utilized to scan the CIRS intensity-modulated phantom with metal rods and 8 patients with steel nails implanted in the centrum for radiotherapy. Radiotherapy plans were designed using conventional CT images, MAR images and density-filled images. The dose calculation errors between single field and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plan were compared. The effect of mental implants and their artifacts on the irradiation dose of IMRT plan was evaluated.Results:In the conventional CT images of the phantom, when the incident path of the field failed to pass through the metal region, the dose calculation error for a single field was 3.85%, and the range of dose error for the field was 4.46%-74.11% when passing through the metal region. IMRT planning errors might exceed the clinically acceptable range when the incident path of the field passed through the metal region, and the errors tended to increase with the increase of dose weight of this field. After processing the images with density filling and artifact reduction techniques, the errors of the single field were 1.23% and 0.89%-4.73%, respectively, and the dose error of IMRT was 1.84%. The error of IMRT plan was 1.88% if density filling technique alone was employed to process the metal region. Due to the influence of metal implants and their artifacts, the minimum dose, average dose and prescription dose coverage actually received in the tumor target area were lower than IMRT plan results based on conventional CT images. The dosimetric difference of organs at risk was not statistically significant.Conclusions:In the radiotherapy plan based on conventional CT images, there may be a large dose calculation error when the incident path of field passes through the metal region. If the metal material is known, density filling of the metal region in the planning system can effectively improve the accuracy of dose calculation. Metal artifact reduction technique can significantly improve the image quality and further reduce dose calculation error, which should be a routine technique for CT machines equipped with this function to perform simulated localization of patients with metal implants.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 321-326, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationships of estrogen receptor-α (ESR1) gene PvuⅡ (rs2234693, C>T) and XbaⅠ (rs9340799, A>G) polymorphisms and susceptibility of type 1 diabetes for female children (T1D) .Methods:From Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2019, 86 female children with newly diagnosed T1D who were admitted to Chongqing Three Gorges Central hospital were selected as the study subjects, and 100 healthy children who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were selected as the healthy control. The height, weight and related metabolic indexes of the subjects were measured. The ESR1 gene was genotyped by capillary electrophoresis and SNaPshot. The mRNA expression of ESR1 gene was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) .Results:Genotyping results showed that PvuII genotype distribution between T1D group and the control group was statistically significant ( χ2=11.672, P=0.003) , but XbaI genotype distribution between T1D patients and controls had no significant difference ( χ2=5.433, P=0.066) . PvuII locus T allele frequency and XbaI locus G allele frequency were significantly in T1D group higher than in the control group (PvuII T vs C: OR=1.909, 95% CI=1.261-2.892, P=0.002; XbaI G vs A: OR=1.815, 95% CI=1.112-2.961, P=0.016) . Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and total cholesterol (TC) levels in T1D patients with PvuII T allele were significantly higher than those with CC genotype (all P<0.05) . Low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) levels in T1D patients with XbaI G allele were significantly higher than those with AA genotypes (both P<0.05) . The relative expression of ESR1 gene mRNA in T1D patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (0.42±0.05 vs 1.04±0.16, t=6.227, P<0.001) . The relative expression of ESR1 gene mRNA in T1D patients with PvuII CC, CT and TT genotypes was statistically different ( F=5.823, P<0.001) , and the relative ESR1 gene mRNA in T1D patients with XbaI AA, AG and GG genotypes was also statistically different ( F=5.415, P<0.001) . Conclusion:PvuII and XbaI olymorphismsof ESR1 genes may be involved in the occurrence and development of T1D in female children by influencing gene expression.

16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 360-366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805166

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the blood lipid levels and prevalence of dyslipidemia in people with hypertension and diabetes in Henan province.@*Methods@#From April 2016 to April 2017, multi-stage cluster sampling was adopted to investigate 71 285 local residents aged between 35 and 75 from 6 districts and counties in Henan province including Zhongmu county of Zhengzhou city, Huojia county of Xinxiang city, Hualong district of Puyang city, Qi county of Hebi city, Xigong district of Luoyang city, and Wugang city of Pingdingshan city. Blood samples were collected. According to the diagnostic criteria of hypertension and diabetes, the study population was divided into control group (n=29 427), hypertension group (n=21 965), diabetes group (n=8 009) and hypertension-diabetes group (n=11 884). Comparisons on blood lipid levels and dyslipidemia between 4 groups were performed.@*Results@#The total cholesterol (TC) level of all subjects was 4.37 (3.78, 5.05) mmol/L. The triglyceride (TG) level was 1.27 (0.97, 1.80) mmol/L, the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level was 2.34 (1.88, 2.88) mmol/L and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level was 1.31 (1.08, 1.59) mmol/L. Except for the TC level in women aged 65-75 years and LDL-C levels in women aged 55-64 and 65-75 years, there were significant differences in TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C levels between subjects of control group, hypertension group, diabetes group, and hypertension-diabetes group in different age ranges (including 35-44, 45-54, 55-64,and 65-75 years) and genders(all P<0.01).Except for the LDL-C and HDL-C in men aged 35-44 years and LDL-C in women aged 65-75 years, there were significant differences in the dyslipidemia rates of TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C between subjects of control group, hypertension group, diabetes group and hypertension-diabetes group in different age ranges and genders(P<0.01 or <0.05). After adjusting for age, gender, smoking, drinking, snoring, region, and body mass index, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypertension (OR=1.221, 95%CI 1.113-1.339, P<0.01), diabetes (OR=1.636, 95%CI 1.461-1.833, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=1.832, 95%CI 1.658-2.023, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for TC abnormality. Hypertension (OR=1.566, 95%CI 1.478-1.659, P<0.01), diabetes (OR=2.182, 95%CI 2.031-2.342, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=2.655, 95%CI 2.492-2.829, P<0.01) were also independent risk factors for TG abnormality. Diabetes (OR=1.510, 95%CI 1.309-1.742, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=1.461, 95%CI 1.285-1.661, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for LDL-C abnormality. Diabetes (OR=1.261, 95%CI 1.180-1.346, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=1.195, 95%CI 1.126-1.268, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for HDL-C abnormality.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with hypertension and diabetes is high in Henan province, so adequate blood lipid education and control should be applied to people with risk factors as soon as possible.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-5, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802292

ABSTRACT

The experienced prescriptions of famous prestigious Chinese physicians are effective prescriptions developed by prestigious Chinese doctors during their long-time clinical practice, which reflect the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) understanding of the disease development regularity and core pathogenesis. These experienced prescriptions provide valuable experience for medication and prescription regularities, and represent the highest level of TCM treatment and the major sources of new drug research, development and technology innovation. It is of great significance to inherit academic thoughts and clinical experiences of prestigious Chinese physicians, explore and summarize experienced prescriptions, and develop new Chinese drugs. The researches of new drugs based on experienced prescriptions are the major direction encouraged by the government, with the maximum amount of new TCM drug applications but a low approval rate in recent years. The main reason for the low number of approved new TCM drug applications is that researchers know less about evaluation concepts and relevant techniques, leading to problems in research and development strategy. To facilitate a smooth advance of the new drug research and development and take full advantage of the experienced prescriptions, in this paper, we focus on the problems about new drug development of experienced prescriptions, lay emphasis on the new TCM drug research and development concepts of clinical value, history of human application and whole-process quality control, and deeply and systematically analyze concerns in such links as pharmacy, pharmacodynamics, toxicology and clinic application. The purpose of this article is to provide the reference in solving actual problems, the reliable basis of further researches on experienced prescriptions, and the important guarantee for developing more safe, effective and high-quality controllable drugs to meets clinical requirements, so as to achieve the strategy of a healthy China.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 698-703, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797928

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To preliminary, explore the effect of small intestinal epithelial dendritic cells on the occurrence and development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in mice.@*Methods@#Thirty-two (half male and half female) 4-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups. The mice were fed with normal diet (SD group) and high-fat diet (HFD group). Eight mice (half male and half female) were randomly killed from each group over the 14 and 20-weeks feeding period to observe their body weight, liver and small-intestine wet weight. Alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, blood glucose, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol and triglyceride were determined by eyeball blood samples. Pathological diagnosis and alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score were collected. The number of mice small intestinal dendritic cells was observed under a microscope. Statistical analysis was performed to compare two groups of independent samples with homogeneity test of variance, t test, and covariance analysis.@*Results@#The body weight, liver wet weight, serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase of mice in HFD group were significantly higher than those of control group at 20 weeks (P < 0.05), and the serum high density lipoprotein of mice in HFD group was significantly higher than that of SD group at 14 weeks (P < 0.05). At 14th weeks, the liver tissue of mice in HFD group had early pathological manifestations of hepatitis (fatty degeneration, punctate necrosis and balloon-like degeneration). Of which 87.5% (7/8) of them were diagnosed as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, while only a few mice in SD group had early pathological manifestations of hepatitis. At 20th weeks, all mice in HFD group were diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, while none of the mice in SD group was diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. At both time points, the percentage of small intestinal dendritic cells in HFD group was significantly higher than that in SD group (14 weeks: 4.181 ± 4.314 vs. 15.099 ± 10.349; 20 weeks: 9.615 ± 8.267 vs. 32.839 ± 24.475, both P < 0.05). Statistical analysis combined with the alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score showed that there was no linear correlation between the two groups (regression coefficient was 20.196%).@*Conclusion@#The number and different staging of small intestinal dendritic cells in mice is associated with the occurrence and development of NAFLD.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1613-1617, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study improvement effect and mechanism of Shuangshen yin on liver function and the degree of liver fibrosis in liver fibrosis model rats. METHODS: Healthy SD rats were collected and given 40% CCl4 olive oil solution intraperitoneally for consecutive 7 weeks to induce liver fibrosis model. 47 model rats were randomly divided into model group, positive control group and Shuangshen yin low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups, with 9, 9, 9, 10, 10 rats respectively; another 10 healthy SD rats were included in normal group. From the next week after model induction, model group and normal group were given water intragastrically; positive control group [colchicines 0.2 mg/(kg·d)] and Shuangshenyin groups [Shuangshen yin water decoction 3, 6, 12 g/(kg·d), by crude drug] were given corresponding medicines respectively for consecutive 28 d. The serum levels of liver function indicators (ALT, AST, TBIL, ALB, GLB) were determined by Rye’s analysis method. The serum levels of liver fibrosis indexes (HA, LN, Ⅲ-PC, Ⅳ-C) were determined by ELISA. The pathological changes of liver tissues were observed by HE staining and VG staining. The levels of SOD, MDA and HYP in liver tissues were determined by spectrophotometry. The expression of α-SMA was detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with normal group, the serum levels of ALT, AST, TBIL, HA, LN, PC-Ⅲ and Ⅳ-C in model group were increased significantly, and the level of ALB was decreased significantly (P<0.05). There were some pathological phenomena such as vacuolar degeneration and fibrous tissue proliferation in rat liver. The levels of SOD in liver tissue were decreased significantly, while the levels of MDA and HYP were increased significantly (P<0.05). A large number of positive staining granules of α-SMA protein were observed in liver tissue, and the expression level of α-SMA protein was significantly increased (P<0.05). Comparison of model group, the serum levels of ALT, AST and liver fibrosis indexes were significantly decreased and ALB level was significantly increased in Shuangshen yin groups, while the TBIL levels in Shuangshen yin medium-dose, high-dose groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05); the phenomena of hepatocyte degeneration and fibrosis tissue proliferation were significantly improved; the levels of SOD in liver tissue were significantly increased, and the levels of MDA and HYP were significantly decreased (P<0.05); the positive staining of α-SMA protein decreased significantly, and the expression level of α-SMA protein was decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Shuangshen yin has protective and anti-fibrotic effects on liver in rats with hepatic fibrosis, the mechanism of which may be associated with enhancing antioxidant capacity, down-regulating the expression of α-SMA, inhibiting the activation of hepatic stellate cells, reducing extracellular matrix synthesis so as to reverse liver fibrosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 107-112, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734324

ABSTRACT

Objective To reduce the risk of radiation-induced cardiac injury in patients with left breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery by multileaf collimator (MLC) shielding technique.Methods A total of 18 patients with left breast cancer after breast conserving surgery were selected to obtain 3DCT and 4DCT images at free breathing state.The target area was identified on the 3DCT image by registration with 4DCT images and to develop a hybrid intensity-modulated treatment plan (H_IMRT) and a heart sparing hybrid intensity-modulated treatment plan (HSH_IMRT) to introduce MLC shielding technology to reduce the cardiac exposure dose,and to perform dosimetry verification of the treatment plan by using the Compass verification system.The prescription dose was 50 Gy in 25 fractions.The dosimetry parameters of the target area and the organs at risk were compared between the two treatment plans and the dose verification result.Results The result of the treatment plan showed that compared with H_IMRT,the dose uniformity of the target area of HSH_IMRT was better,and the difference of conformability was not statistically significant (P>0.05).The mean dose of the whole heart decreased by 23.67% (t =13.693,P<0.05) compared with the former.Dmax and D of other substructures of the heart were lower than the former.The result of dose verification showed that there was no statistically significant difference in uniformity and conformity between the two planned target doses (P> 0.05).The mean dose of the whole heart of HSH_IMRT was 24.88% (t =13.782,P<0.05) lower than that of H_IMRT,and except for the left ventricle and right ventricle,the Dmax of other heart substructures and D of all heart substructures decreased.Both the planned and the dose verification result showed that the V20 and the D of the affected lung were lower in HSH_IMRT.Conclusions Reasonable introduction of MLC shielding technology in H_IMRT can reduce the exposure dose of cardiac and further reduce the risk of radiation damage in heart.

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