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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3764-3769, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335786

ABSTRACT

The present work is to study the chemical constituents from petroleum ether fraction of Tibetan medicine Swertia chirayita by column chromatography and recrystallization. The structures were identified by physical and chemical properties and spectral data as swerchirin (1), decussatin (2), 1,8-dihydroxy-3,5,7-trimethoxyxanthone (3), 1-hydroxy-3,5,7,8-tetramethoxyxanthone (4), bellidifolin (5), 1-hydroxy-3, 7-dimethoxyxanthone (6), methylswertianin (7), 1-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyxanthone (8), erythrodiol (9), oleanolic acid (10), gnetiolactone (11), scopoletin (12), sinapaldehyde (13), syringaldehyde (14), and β-sitosterol (15). Compounds 3, 4, 9, 11-14 were isolated from S. chirayita for the first time. Compounds 9 and 12 were firstly isolated from the genus Swertia. The cytotoxic activities of compounds 1, 2, 5, 7 and 8 against human pancreatic cancer cell lines SW1990 and BxPC-3,and the protective effects of these compounds against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress in human endothelium-derived EA.hy926 were investigated in vitro. The results showed no obvious effect at the high concentration of 50 μmol•L⁻¹.

2.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2468-2470, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498112

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of nucleoside analogues (NAs) antiviral therapy on clinical outcome for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related primary hepatic carcinoma patients after hepatectomy. Methods The clinical data of 156 HBV-related primary hepatic carcinoma patients after hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed..According to whether accepted postoperative antiviral treatment, all patients were divided into control group (n = 80)and observation group (n = 76). The serum HBV DNA capacity, recurrence-free survival (RFS)and overall survival (OS)were compared between two groups. Results One week, 1 month, 2 months and 3 months after operation , the serum HBV DNA capacity of observation group was significantly lower than that of control group(P < 0.05). One year, 3 years and 5 years after operation, intergroup comparison of RFS rate of both groups showed statistical significance (P < 0.05) and 1 year, 3 years and 5 years after operation, the difference of OS rate of both groups indicated statistical significance (P < 0.05). Conclusion Standard NAs antiviral treatment for HBV-related primary hepatic carcinoma patients after hepatectomy ,can improve prognosis and prolong survival time. The inhibition the HBV copy active may be its mechanism.

3.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 18-21, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478836

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveToinvestigatetheeffectandmechanismofaChinesetraditionalprescription,YuebiBanxia decoction, on allergic asthma in mice by observing the changes of serum immunoglobulin E ( IgE ) and lung tissue superoxide dismutase ( SOD) activity in the mouse model of allergic asthma .Methods Forty healthy Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal control group , asthma model group , dexamethasone intervention group and Chinese medicine preparation group .The mouse model of asthma was generated by peritoneal injection of ovalbumin ( OVA) and suspension of aluminium hydroxide .The mice of traditional Chinese medicine group received Yuebi Banxia decoction in a dose of 1 mL/100 g, daily for 30 days.The mice of dexamethasone group were given intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone 1 mg/kg.The normal control group and asthma model group were given gastric gavage of physiological saline.After 30 days administration, the serum levels of IgE and SOD activity of lung tissue were determined , and the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed using HE staining .Results The mice of traditional Chinese medicine preparation group showed significantly decreased serum IgE level , and significantly increased SOD activity than those of the asthma model group mice (P<0.05 for both).Conclusions Reduced serum IgE and increased SOD activity in the lung tissue of mice with allergic asthma , improving the antioxidant ability of lung tissue , may be involved in the anti-allergic asthma mechanism of the Chinese traditional prescription Yuebi Banxia decoction .

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 846-849, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637292

ABSTRACT

?AlM: To investigate repeatability and accuracy of a latest Keratograph for evaluating the tear film stability and to compare its measurements with that of traditional examination methods. ?METHODS: The results of noninvasive tear film break-up time ( Nl-BUT ) including the first tear film break-up time ( BUT-f ) and the average tear film break-up time ( BUT - ave ) were measured by Keratograph. The repeatability of the measurements was evaluated by coefficient of variation ( CV ) and intraclass correlation coefficient ( lCC) . Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test was used to compare Nl-BUT with fluorescein tear film break-up time ( FBUT) to confirm the correlation between Nl-BUT and FBUT, Schirmer l test values. Bland-Altman analysis was used to evaluate consistency. ?RESULTS: The study recruited 48 subjects ( 48 eyes ) (mean age 38. 7±15. 2 years). The CV and lCC of BUT-f were respectively 12. 6% and 0. 95, those of BUT-ave were 9. 8% and 0. 96. The value of BUT-f was lower than that of FBUT. The difference had statistical significance ( 6. 16±2. 46s vs 7. 46±1. 92s, P ?CONCLUSlON: Keratograph can provide Nl-BUT data that has a better repeatability and reliability, which has great application prospects in diagnosis and treatment of dry eye and refractive corneal surgery.

5.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2231-2233, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453067

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects of early enteral nutrition and delayed enteral nutrition on severe acute pancreatitis. Methods Sixty-four patients of severe acute pancreatitis were enrolled into two groups: early enteral nutrition group was used as the treatment group and delayed enteral nutrition was used as the control group. Two weeks after the treatment, Variables of TP, ALB, CRP, APACHEⅡscore, hospital stay and recovery time of blood and urine amylase were compared between the two groups. Results The TP and ALB of the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The CRP and APACHEⅡscore of the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the recovery time of blood amylase, urine amylase and hospital stay were significantly shorter in the treatment group (P<0.05). Conclusion Using early enteral nutrition treatment in patients with severe acute pancreatitis is efficient, worthy of clinical use.

6.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1172-1177, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451162

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to prepare the spraying agent of prescriptions of Miao nationality herb and investigate the effect of Miao nationality herbs spray for serum SOD, MDA, and expression of Fas and Caspase-3 mRNA in lung tissues of silica-treated rats. The healthy SD rats were divided into 5 groups. Silica dust suspension was used in the model establishment of 4 groups. After the model was successfully established, 3 groups were randomly selected and given glucocorticoids atomization inhalation, Miao nationality herbs spray, Miao nationality herbs spray combined with intragastric administration of herbal medicine, respectively. After 40-day treatment, water-solubletetrazolium salt (WST-1) was used in the detection of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD). Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) was used in the detection of malondialdehyde (MDA). The mRNA expression variance of the Fas and Caspase-3 were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that compared with the silica dust suspension group, the SOD activity of serum in the Miao nationality herbs spray group was significantly increased (P< 0.05). MDA content and the mRNA of Fas and Caspase-3 were significantly lower in the Miao nationality herbs spray group (P< 0.05). It was concluded that Miao nationality herbs spray group was able to increase the SOD activity of serum, decrease MDA content, and obviously decrease the expression of Fas and Caspase-3 of lung tissues among silica dust suspension rats.

7.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1658-1664, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231625

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Erigeron Breviscapus (EB) at different concentrations and different intervention time points on the mRNA and protein expression of OPG/RANKL/RANK in MG63 osteoblast-like cells and RAW264. 7 pre-osteoclast cells cultured in vitro, thus exploring roles EB played in bone rebuilding and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MG63 osteoblast-like cells and RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells were cultured in vitro. The 3rd passage cells were divided into the control group and different experimental groups. Total RNA and protein were respectively isolated from cells treated with different concentrations of EB (0, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/mL) for 48 h. Meanwhile, the protein was extracted from 0 and 1 mg/mL EB groups at 12, 24, and 48 h respectively. Expression of OPG mRNA and RANKL mRNA in MG63 osteoblast-like cells, and expression of RANK mRNA in RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells were detected by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Expression of OPG protein and RANKL protein in MG63 osteoblast-like cells, and expression of RANK protein in RAW264. 7 pre-osteoclast cells were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Along with increased EB concentration, expression of OPG mRNA and protein in MG63 osteoblast-like cells was gradually lowered (P < 0.05) after 48-h intervention of EB, the expression of RANKL mRNA and protein in MG63 osteoblast-like gradually increased (P < 0.05); the expression of RANK mRNA in RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells increased (P < 0.05). But the expression of RANK mRNA was slightly lower in the 0.1 mg/mL EB group than in the 0.01 mg/mL EB group, and the expression of RANK protein in RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells gradually increased (P < 0.05). After treatment with 1 mg/mL EB for 12, 24, 48 h, the expression of OPG protein in MG63 osteoblast-like cells gradually decreased as time went by (P < 0.05), and the expression of RANKL protein in MG63 osteoblast-like and RANK protein in RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells gradually increased (P < 0.05). The expression of RANKL protein in RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells increased as time went by (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EB could inhibit the expression of OPG in osteoblasts in a dose- and time-dependent manner, promote the expression of RANKL in osteoblasts and the secretion of RANK in pre-osteoclast, indicating EB might play roles in promoting bone resorption.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Erigeron , Osteoblasts , Metabolism , Osteoclasts , Metabolism , Osteoprotegerin , Metabolism , RANK Ligand , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 562-566, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260235

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of DNAX-associated protein 12 (DAP12) pathway on the transformation from mouse monocytes RAW264.7 to osteoclasts induced by tensile strain.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DAP12shRNA plasmid was constructed and introduced to RAW264.7 cells. Then we supplied tensile strain to RAW264.7 cells by four-point bending system. The mRNA or protein expression of DAP12, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), tyrosine kinases Btk and Tec and nuclear facior of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1) was measured by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blotting respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of DAP12 mRNA (0.112 ± 0.025) and protein (0.193 ± 0.015) both declined sharply after plasmid being introduced into monocytes RAW264.7 (P < 0.05). After silencing DAP12 expression in RAW264.7 cells by RNA interference, tensile strain-induced TRAP mRNA expression of RAW264.7 cells increased at 6 h (0.671 ± 0.031) and 12 h (0.800 ± 0.043) (P < 0.05), but it was weaker than non-RNA-interference-groups at each time point (P < 0.05). After silencing DAP12 expression in RAW264.7 cells by RNA interference, the expressions of Btk, Tec, NFATc1 increased as time passed (6, 12 h) (P < 0.05), but the expressions on corresponding time decreased sharply compared with those in control groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DAP12 pathway play an important role in regulating osteoclast differentiation induced by tensile strain.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acid Phosphatase , Genetics , Metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Silencing , Isoenzymes , Genetics , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Osteoclasts , Cell Biology , Plasmids , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Tensile Strength
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3844-3850, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a well established procedure and an accepted treatment modality for small to moderate-sized PDA. This study aimed to evaluate the immediate and follow-up results of transcatheter closure of large PDAs with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in adults.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After a complete hemodynamic evaluation differentiating from the reversibility of severe PAH, transcatheter closure of PDA was performed. Patients were followed up clinically and echocardiographically at 24 hours, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months after occlusion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-nine patients had successful occlusion, pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and fractional shortening (FS) significantly decreased immediately after occlusion ((106 ± 25) mmHg vs. (50 ± 14) mmHg, P < 0.01; (63.7 ± 7.2)% vs. (51.4 ± 10.1)%, P < 0.01 and (36.9 ± 8.2)% vs. (28.9 ± 8.6)%, P < 0.05, respectively). At 1 month after PDA closure, the signs and symptoms improved markedly in all 29 patients, and PDAs were completely closed and remained closed during the follow-up. Eighteen patients having different degrees of dyspnea were treated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and/or digoxin after occlusion. Nine patients whose pulmonary vascular resistence (PVR) > 6 Wood units accepted targeted PAH therapy. After 1 to 3 months of peroral drug therapy, their exercise tolerance improved from New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV to NYHA class I. During follow-up, no latent arrhythmias were found, the left atrial diameter (LAD), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and FS and LVEF recovered compared to the immediate postclosure state. However, FS and LVEF remained low compared to the preclosure state.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transcatheter closure of large PDA with severe PAH is feasible, effective, and safe in adults. Significant left ventricular systolic changes may occur after closure of large PDA, and left ventricular function usually recovers within a few months.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , General Surgery , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Follow-Up Studies , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Vascular Resistance , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Remodeling
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 297-300, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310200

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy difference between multivariate acupuncture of chronomedicine and conventional acupuncture in the treatment of insomnia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty cases were randomly divided into a multivariate acupuncture of chronomedicine group (group A) and a rountine acupuncture group (group B), 25 cases in each one. The acupoints selected were same in each group, such as Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Chize (LU 5), etc. In group A, the patient was treated according to visit time. In light of the time division, the special acupoint of the on-duty meridian that qi and blood were abundant specifically was picked up at first. The other acupoints were punctured in the sequence of qi and blood flow among twelve meridians. In group B, the acupoints were punctured from up to down in terms of acupoint locations. Acupuncture was given once every two days in either group. Totally, 6 treatments were required. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was adopted to assess PSQI total score and the score of each item before and after treatment for the patients in two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PSQI total score was reduced apparently after treatment in either group (both P < 0.05). The score in group A was lower than that in group B after treatment (7.20 +/- 2.45 vs 9.44 +/- 3.07, P < 0.05). After treatment, the improvements of the scores of sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and sleep disturbance in group A were superior to those in group B (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The multivariate acupuncture of chronomedicine improves sleep apparently for the patients with insomnia and its efficacy is better than that of conventional acupuncture.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronobiology Phenomena , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 412-417, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426315

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo identify the curative effect of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and humeral head replacement in treatment of elderly patients with Neer four-part fractures.MethodsUsing the deltoid pectoral approach,28 patients with fresh Neer four-part fractures were treated by the locking plate combined with MIPO (Group A) and 27 by the humeral head replacement (Group B).Neer score,Constant-Murley score and simple shoulder test (SST) questionnaire were adopted for assessing the treatment outcome.ResultsGroup A was followed up for mean 32.1 months,which showed screws protruding into the joint space in two patients,tuberosity upward and backward displacement in one and femoral head ischemic necrosis in one.The mean visual analog scale (VAS) score,the mean Neer score and the mean Constant-Murley score were 2.2 points,88.6 points and 86.5 points respectively.There were average 9.0 answers for “yes” in the SST questionnaire.Group B were followed up for mean 34.6 months,which showed shoulder dislocation or subluxation in four patients,tuberosity displacement or excessive reduction in eight.The mean VAS score,the mean Neer score and the mean Constant-Murley score were 2.4 points,78.9 points and 77.3 points respectively.The mean number of answer for “yes” in SST questionnaire was 8.0 questions.There showed no statistical difference in VAS score between the two groups.While statistical difference was found in complications,Neer score,Constant-Murley score and SST score between two groups,with Group A superior to Group B.Conclusions For most elderly patients with Neer four-part fractures,MIPO has satisfactory results under strict control of surgical indications and technical tips.The humeral head replacement surgery still has many unresolved problems and needs careful consideration.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 65-68, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244056

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the immediately effects of inhaled aerosolized iloprost in adult patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) secondary to congenital heart diseases (CHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult patients with severe PAH secondary to CHD (n = 165) were included in this study. Right heart catheterization was performed, Pulmonary and systemic blood flow, the oxygen consumption VO(2) (ml/min) were calculated using Fick's principle. Pulmonary vascular resistances (PVR) were calculated with standard formulas and indexed to body surface area. Hemodynamic parameters were measured before and after iloprost inhalation (20 µg).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Post iloprost inhalation, heart rate, mean aortic pressure, pulmonary systolic pressure to aortic systolic pressure ratio all remained un changed (P > 0.05), while pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) were significantly reduced and Qp significantly increased from (7.2 ± 4.8) L/min to (9.9 ± 7.2) L/min (P < 0.01), PVR was also significantly reduced from (13.4 ± 8.7) Wood units to (9.5 ± 6.6) Wood units (P < 0.01), and left-to-right shunt volume increased from (3.2 ± 4.4) L/min to (5.5 ± 7.0) L/min (P < 0.01) and right-to-left shunt volume decreased from (1.0 ± 1.0) L/min to (0.7 ± 0.7) L/min (P < 0.01). Subgroup analysis showed that adult patients with patent ductus arteriosus and/or ventricular septal defects are more likely to develop severe pulmonary arterial hypertension or Eisenmenger syndrome than patients with atrial septal defects.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inhaled Aerosolised iloprost use is effective and safe for adult patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to congenital heart diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Administration, Inhalation , Heart Defects, Congenital , Drug Therapy , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Iloprost , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Vascular Resistance
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 618-621, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241546

ABSTRACT

We report a case of acute left ventricular failure at one hour after transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in a 28-year-old man with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Afforded noninvasive mechanical ventilation and the administration of intravenous morphine and high doses of furosemide, the patient exhibited improvement of his clinical condition, reduction of pulmonary congestion at chest X-ray, and satisfactory blood gas analyses in twelve hours. Twenty-four hours later, the patient received oral administration of furosemide and metoprolol. After 7 days the patient was discharged in good clinical condition. At follow-up at 12 months, the patient had remained symptomatically improved from NYHA Class III symptoms before the procedure to Class II symptoms. There was no latent arrhythmia at the follow-up examination. Follow-up transthoracic echocardiography estimated an improvement of the left ventricular function. So, transcatheter closure of a secundum ASD in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is feasible, and a thorough understanding of the hemodynamic condition of ASD and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy will reduce the complication of ASD closure.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Therapeutics , Echocardiography , Heart Failure , Diagnosis , Pathology , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Therapeutics , Ventricular Function, Left
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 834-837, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242560

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a promising alternative to surgical closure or anticoagulation therapy to prevent paradoxical embolic events in patients with PFO. Several different devices have been used for transcatheter PFO closure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility for closure of PFO with a new PFO occluder, the Spider PFO occluder.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The device was implanted in the PFO patients under fluoroscopy and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) using a 10 French delivery sheath employing a femoral vein approach. Aspirin was administered at 100 mg/d for six months after occlusion. The clinical and echocardiographic follow-up of patients were performed at the 24th hour, 1st month, 3rd month, 6th month, and 12th month after occlusion, and yearly thereafter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The device was implanted successfully in all 55 patients. No major complications occurred during the perioperative period, such as thromboembolism, occluder dislodgement, infection or myocardial infarction. No residual shunt of the atrial level was shown by transesophageal echocardiography, and no latent arrhythmia or cerebral vessel events occurred in any cases during follow-up ((35 +/- 9) months, range 6 - 51 months).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transcatheter closure of a PFO with the Spider PFO occluder is a safe and effective therapeutic option for the secondary prevention of presumed paradoxical embolism. However, randomized trials comparing this device with other devices and therapies have to be performed.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Echocardiography , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Therapeutics
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1163-1164, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289965

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the possibility and reliability of echocardiography in quantitative evaluation of pulmonary blood flow in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four patients with left to right shunt congenital atrial septal defect (ASD) underwent echocardiographic examinations of the right upper and lower pulmonary vein blood flow spectrum in the four-chamber face, and the right upper pulmonary vein flow velocity time integral (VTIrupv) and right inferior pulmonary venous flow velocity time integral (VTIrlpv) were calculated according to the heart rate. The VTIrupv and VTIrlpv were compared with the pulmonary blood flow (Qp) calculated by Fick method with right heart catheterization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a high correlation between the right lung vein flow velocity time integral measured by the catheter of transthoracic echocardiography and Qp.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pulmonary venous flow spectrum measured by echocardiography can be informative of the pulmonary blood flow in patients with CHD. Echocardiography may serve as a potential noninvasive technique to evaluate pulmonary blood flow in these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnostic Imaging , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Lung , Regional Blood Flow
16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 344-352, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243008

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP) on proliferation of human osteoblasts (MG-63) under the circumstance of tension force in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An apparatus was designed and fabricated by which force was loaded onto the cultured cells in vitro. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used for measuring the expression of PTHrP mRNA and c-fos mRNA. The effect of tension force and different PTHrP dose(0, 0.01, 0.1, 1 nmol/L) on the proliferation of human osteoblasts were examined using flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Various forces of the mechanical stretching exerted different influences on the intensities of the mRNA' expression. The strain of 12% induced the most remarkable mRNA' expression. The mitogenesis happened in the group with tension force (12%) combined with PTHrP was more active than that in the group with PTHrP or tension' force only. Tension force combined with PTHrP induced significantly more c-fos mRNA than that of tension force only.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mechanical stretching can inevitably influence the expression of PTHrP mRNA. The most active mitogenesis happened in the group with tension force combined with PTHrP. The effect may be related with the signaling pathways of c-fos.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Osteoblasts , Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein , RNA, Messenger
17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 448-450, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study difference in curative effect between intermingled skin transplantation (IT) and microskin grafting (MG) in repairing massive deep burn.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical materials of 101 patients with massive deep burn hospitalized from 1992 to 2008 were retrospectively summarized. Patients were divided into IT group (n = 52) and MG group (n = 49). The size of initial donor site for autologous skin, the wound size initially covered with autologous skin, the survival rate of initial autologous skin grafting, the theoretical expansion multiple of the autologous skin, the actual expansion multiple of the autologous skin, the total size of donated autologous skin, the remained wound condition, and the function of large joint of patients in two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In IT group and MG group, the size of initial donor site for autologous skin was respectively (3.25 +/- 0.48)%TBSA and (3.01 +/- 0.21)%TBSA, the wound size initially covered by autologous skin was respectively (30.4 +/- 3.6)%TBSA and (41.4 +/- 1.3)%TBSA, the survival rate of autologous skin grafting was respectively (99.9 +/- 1.9)% and (87.5 +/- 6.8)%, the theoretical expansion multiple of the autologous skin was respectively 9.5 +/- 1.3 and 13.9 +/- 1.4, the actual expansion multiple of the autologous skin was respectively 9.5 +/- 1.3 and 12.0 +/- 1.5, the difference between two figures of each index was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significant difference between IT and MG group in respect of the total size of donated autologous skin [respectively (14.2 +/- 1.9) and (14.0 +/- 2.1)%TBSA, P > 0.05]. There were 23 patients (44.2%) with residual wounds over 0.5%TBSA in IT group, and 37 cases (75.5%) in MG group. There were 34 patients (65.4%) with good function of large joints in IT group, and 18 cases (36.7%) in MG group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Expansion multiple of autologous skin after MG is obviously larger than that after IT, thus limited skin source can be fully used. The wound healing quality and the restoration of large joint function of patients treated with IT are better than those of patients treated with MG.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Burns , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Wounds and Injuries , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Surgical Flaps , Transplantation, Autologous , Wound Healing
18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 273-276, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>BLT1 and BLT2 were both recently cloned and identified as two subtypes of leukotrine B4 (LTB4) receptors. With the usage of U-75302 and LY255283, the specific antagonists of BLT1 and BLT2 respectively, the involvement of BLT1 and BLT2 in the inflammatory and immunological responses was in vitro explored.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>(1) To investigate inhibition of U-75302 and LY255283 on the proliferation of rat synovial cells, 3H-TdR incorporation into the cells was quantified. (2) Flow cytometric assay for interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukine 4 (IL-4) profiles in CD4+ T lymphocytes from rat spleen was carried out to determine the ratio of Th1/Th2.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) For inhibition on rat synovial cells proliferation, U-75302 exerted its effect only at a high concentration of 10 micromol/L and LY255283 at the concentrations of 10 micromol/L-10 micromol/L. (2) Both U-75302 and LY255283 could elevate the percentage of Th2, but could not influence that of Th1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BLT1 and BLT2 were involved in the synovial cells proliferation change the ratio of Th1/Th2. Their meaning served as targets for prevention and treatment of infectious diseases should be emphasized.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Fatty Alcohols , Pharmacology , Glycols , Pharmacology , Inflammation , Allergy and Immunology , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Leukotriene B4 , Physiology , Synovial Membrane , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Tetrazoles , Pharmacology , Th1-Th2 Balance
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 936-938, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323918

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of domestic left-disk-coated atrial septal occluder on treating patent foramen ovale in a miniswine model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Foramen ovale was punctured in 12 Guangxi BA-MA miniswine and occluded by domestic left-disk-coated atrial septal occluder (Spider(TM) PFO closure system) under the guidance of fluoroscopy. After occlusion, miniswine were executed after transthoracic echocardiography examination with color Doppler at month 1, 2, 3 and 6 respectively for gross inspection and microscopic examinations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no vegetation, thrombosis, broken stent, or erosion on the surface of all devices. The PFOs were completed occluded as evidenced by transthoracic echocardiography at 1 to 6 months after operation. The surface of the device was fully covered by collagen tissue and endothelial tissue at 1 month after operation and the thickened gradually thereafter.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The domestic left-disk-coated atrial septal occluder can efficiently occlude patent foramen ovale. Satisfactory biocompatibility, rapid and complete endothelium covering and low incidence of complication are also evidenced for this closure system in our experiment.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiac Catheterization , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Therapeutics , Swine , Swine, Miniature
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1132-1135, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323896

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and efficacy of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure with Left-disk-coated PFO occluder.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The device was implanted in patients with PFO under the guidance of fluoroscopy and transthoracal echocardiography using a 10-12 French delivery sheath via femoral vein approach. Aspirin (100 mg/d for 6 months) was administered post procedure. Patients were followed clinically and echocardiographically at 24 hours, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after device implantation and yearly thereafter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Permanent device implantation failed in one patient (4%) and succeed in the remaining 24 patients (96%). There were no major in-hospital-adverse events or complications (thromboembolism, occluder dislodgement, infection or myocardial infarction). Seven patients developed transient atrial premature beats or atrial tachycardia during implantation and stopped without medication post procedure. Follow-up [(25 + or - 12) months] results showed that all occluders were in position and there were no residual shunt, arrhythmia and cerebral vessel events post procedure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Left-disk-coated PFO occluder is safe and effective for PFO closure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Therapeutics
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