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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901104, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (Ml/R) injury is a leading cause of damage in cardiac tissues, with high rates of mortality and disability. Biochanin A (BCA) is a main constituent of Trifolium pratense L. This study was intended to explore the effect of BCA on Ml/R injury and explore the potential mechanism. Methods: In vivo MI/R injury was established by transient coronary ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining (TTC) was used to measure myocardial infarct size. ELISA assay was employed to evaluate the levels of myocardial enzyme and inflammatory cytokines. Western blot assay was conducted to detect related protein levels in myocardial tissues. Results: BCA significantly ameliorated myocardial infarction area, reduced the release of myocardial enzyme levels including aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH). It also decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-18, IL-6 and TNF-α) in serum of Ml/R rats. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that BCA inhibited inflammatory reaction through blocking TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. Conclusion: The present study is the first evidence demonstrating that BCA attenuated Ml/R injury through suppressing TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway-mediated anti-inflammation pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Genistein/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/blood , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase/blood , Lactate Dehydrogenases/blood , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of disease control, survival time and safely in treatment of newly diagnosed multiple mycloma patients with different dose of tenalidomide regimens.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 116 patients with multiple myeloma from June 2011 to June 2015 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. According to doses of used lenalidomide based on dexamethasone plus lenalidomide regimen 116 patients were divided into 2 groups: conventional dose group (58 cases) and low dose group (58 cases). The ORR, PFS rate and OS rate during followed-up for 3 years, KPS score, RNS score and immunophenotypic index before and after treatment and drug toxicity incidence were compared between 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#The ORR for 2 treatment courses of low dose group was significantly lower than that in conventienal dose group (P<0.05). The ORR for 4 and 6 treatment courses was not significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The PFS rate and OS rate during followed-up for 3 years was no significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The KPS score and RNS score after treatment of low dose group were significantly better than those in conventional dose group and before treatment (P<0.05). The levels of immunophenotypic index after treatment of both groups were significantly better than those before treatment (P<0.05). The incidence of III-IV grade hematological toxicity, pulmonary infection and herpes were not significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of peripheral neuropathy and gastrointestinal reactions in the low dose group were significantly lower than that in conventional dose group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional and low doses of lenalidomide possess the same control effects and survival time for treatment of newly dingnosed patients with multiple myeloma; Despite, the initiation of effects from the low dose lenalidomide is relatively slower, it contributes to raise the overall quality of life and reduce the risk of drug toxicity.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Blood Coagulation , Child , Dexamethasone , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Thalidomide , Thrombelastography , Treatment Outcome
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e6783, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951732

ABSTRACT

To avoid the abuse and misuse of antibiotics, procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) have been used as new approaches to identify different types of infection. Multiple databases were adopted to search relevant studies, and the articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria were included. Meta-analyses were conducted with Review Manager 5.0, and to estimate the quality of each article, risk of bias was assessed. Eight articles satisfied the inclusion criteria. The concentrations of both PCT and CRP in patients with bacterial infection were higher than those with non-bacterial infection. Both PCT and CRP levels in patients with G− bacterial infection were higher than in those with G+ bacterial infection and fungus infection. In the G+ bacterial infection group, a higher concentration of CRP was observed compared with fungus infection group, while the difference of PCT between G+ bacterial infection and fungus infection was not significant. Our study suggested that both PCT and CRP are helpful to a certain extent in detecting pneumonia caused by different types of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Calcitonin/blood , Pneumonia, Bacterial/microbiology , Lung Diseases, Fungal/microbiology , Biomarkers/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333994

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the lethal effect of cytotoxic lymphocytes against U266 cells induced by DCs pulsed with multiple myeloma (MM) U266 lysate and transfected with GM-CSF recombinant adenovirus. The cytotoxic lymphocytes against U266 cells were induced by culturing with DCs, which pulsed with MM U266 antigens and transfected with GM-CSF recombinant adenovirus. The effect of cytotoxic lymphocytes against U266 cells were measured by LDH release detection. Experiments were divided into 3 groups: N-DC group as control in which DCs were normal; U-DC group in which DCs were pulsed by U266 soluble antigen, and G-U-DC group in which DCs were stimulated by U266 soluble antigen and GM-CSF transfected with Ad-CMV. The results showed that there was significant difference on killing rate against U266 cells between 3 groups (F = 10.939, p < 0.05). The killing rate of G-U-DC group was the highest (p < 0.001), and killing rate of U-DC group was higher than that of N-DC group (p < 0.001). It is concluded that the cytotoxic lymphocytes against U266 cells can be induced by DCs pulsed with U266 lysate, and the lethal effect of CTLs can be enhanced when DCs transfected by recombinant adenovirus with exogenous gene GM-CSF.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cancer Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Recombinant Proteins , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Transfection
5.
Microbiology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686024

ABSTRACT

Four kinds of colophony were used to isolate the herbicidal substance from the toxin produced by isolate PAM1 of Pythium aphanidermatum, which had herbicidal activity to Digtaria sanguinealis L and the results showed X-5 was the best one for absorbing herbicidal substance among the four kinds of colophony used. Four solvents including 50% ethanol, 95% ethanol, ethyl acetate and acetone were used as eluting solvent and 2 procedures were tested, and the results of growth inhibition and seed germination indicated that the best eluting procedure was procedure 1.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 108-110, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281916

ABSTRACT

To synthesize and evaluate antimicrobial activity of novel heterocyclic compounds, the corresponding title aroyl ureas have been synthesized by the reaction of 2-amino-5-(3-pyridyl)-1, 3, 4-thiadiazole with aroyl isocyanates. Their antimicrobial activities in vitro were tested by disk diffusion methods and broth microdilution according to M-27A protocol recommended by NCCLS. Twelve new compounds were obtained, and their structures were confirmed by MS, IR, 1H NMR and elemental analysis. The biological screening tests showed that most of the compounds have some antifungal activities in vitro. Aroyl ureas incorporating pyridyl thiadiazole ring may be developed as novel antifungal candidate drugs and are worthwhile to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Candida albicans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Structure , Phenylurea Compounds , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Thiadiazoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology
7.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684920

ABSTRACT

Five fractions,Ⅰ(R_f0.06)、Ⅱ(R_f0.21)、Ⅲ(R_f0.45)、Ⅳ(R_f0.60)、Ⅴ(R_f0.75)have been obtained after HT-toxin from race 1 of Exserohilum turcicum 99-2 isolated by TLC. In all of these fractions,only fractions Ⅱ had specific toxicity to the corn leaves with Ht1 gene. Then fractions Ⅱ-1、Ⅱ-2、Ⅱ-3 were isolated from fractions Ⅱ by HPLC purification,and the bioassay result showed only fraction Ⅱ-3 was toxigentic to corn leaves with Ht1 gene but non-toxigentic to corn leaves without Ht1 gene. Fractions Ⅱ-1、Ⅱ-2 and Ⅱ-3 were scanned by UV-Vis spectrophotometer. It was shown that the fractions Ⅱ-1 and Ⅱ-2 had analogous spectrum,and especially the fraction Ⅱ-3 had a special peak at 300nm.

8.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684851

ABSTRACT

Melanin is formed by oxidative polymerization of phenolic compounds,basically different kinds of melanin come from different organisms.DOPA melanin and DHN melanin have same physical and chemical characters although they have different biosynthetic pathway.DHN melanin is common in plant fungi and plays an important role on infection.The melanin accumulates in the fungal cell walls and prevents organic and inorganic molecules penetrating out,that insures appressorium's pressure and infection ability.This paper has reviewed the kinds and characters,especially discussed the role of melanin during pathogen infection based on our some research.

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