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Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 743-748, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish risk stratifying criteria for acute rejection(AR)after kidney transplantation(KT)through analyzing the preoperative risk factors of KT recipients from deceased donor(DD).Methods:A retrospective study is conducted for 1 382 KT recipients of DD kidney at First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2020.According to the presence or absence of AR within 1 year post-KT, they are divided into two groups of acute rejection(group AR, 115 cases)and non-rejection(group non-AR, 1 267 cases). Clinical data of two groups are examined by univariate and multivariate analyses for determining the risk factors of AR and a scoring standard is established on the basis of regression coefficients.They are divided into three groups of low-risk(907 cases), middle-risk(450 cases)and high-risk(25 cases)according to the scoring results and the incidence of AR is compared among different scoring groups.Results:Univariate analysis indicates that donor age(AR, 793 cases; non-AR, 474 cases, P=0.033), age difference between recipients and donors≥25 years(AR, 63 cases; non-AR; 315 cases; P<0.001), recipient panel-reactive antibodies(PRA)plus donor-specific antibody(DSA)(+ )(AR, 96 cases; non-AR, 1 169 cases, P=0.002), donor kidney cold ischemic time≥12h(AR, 81 cases; non-AR, 1 064 cases, P<0.001), donor/recipient HLA mismatch≥3(AR, 70 cases; non-AR, 984 cases, P<0.001)and expanded criteria donor(ECD)(AR, 50 cases; non-AR, 790 cases, P<0.001)are high risk factors for AR(all P<0.05). Variables with statistical significance during univariate analysis are included for multivariate analysis.Five variables are finally determined, including age difference between recipients and donors≥25 years(β=0.61, P=0.006), PRA+ DSA(+ )(β=0.74, P=0.008), donor kidney cold ischemic time≥12 h(β=0.74, P<0.001), HLA mismatch(≥3)(β=0.81, P<0.001)and ECD(β=0.82, P<0.001). Score for each risk factor is calculated according to the relevant regression coefficient and scoring standard formulate on the basis of the above five risk factors with a total score of 36.With an overall incidence of AR at 8.32%(115/1 382), the incidence of AR is 4.3%, 14.7% and 40.0% in low/middle/high-risk group and the difference is statistically significant.It hints that immune risk stratification can effectively determine the risk of postoperative AR for KT recipients.The incidence of AR is significantly higher in middle/high-risk group than that in low-risk group ( P<0.001). Conclusions:For recipients with middle/high immune risk, intensity and dose of immunosuppressants should be appropriately boosted during preoperative induction and maintenance period.And the occurrences of AR and infection should be dynamically monitored.

2.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 684-689, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of herceptin(trastuzumab) plus adjuvant chemotherapy on the prognosis of patients with human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive early-stage breast cancer by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Search all of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on herceptin plus adjuvant chemotherapy for HER2 positive early-stage breast cancer in MEDLINE, EMBase, Cochrane library, Clinical Trails, ASCO Conference data, CHKD, Wanfang Database, VIP information, scholar.google.com and SIGLE. A Meta-analysis was carried out by collecting information based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria from all papers available.@*RESULTS@#The Meta-analysis included 4 trials. A total of 9116 patients were included in the analysis(4555 in the study group and 4561 in the control group). There were statistical differences between the study group(herceptin plus adjuvant chemotherapy) and the control group(adjuvant chemotherapy) in the disease-free survival rate [relative risk(RR)=1.08, 95% CI, 1.06-1.09, P<0.001], the overall survival rate(RR=1.01, 95% CI, 1.01-1.02, P=0.0003), the distant recurrence rate(RR=0.49, 95% CI, 0.42-0.57, P<0.001), and the cardiac events rate (RR=3.93,95% CI, 1.03-15.06, P=0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herceptin plus adjuvant chemotherapy can improve the disease-free survival rate and the overall survival rate, decrease distant recurrence rate of patients with HER2 positive early-stage breast cancer, but may cause heart toxicity, especially when combined with anthracycline (doxorubicin).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Genetics , Trastuzumab
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