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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918750

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Adolescents are at a special stage of physical and mental development, which is a susceptible period for mental disorders. Since the outbreak of coronavirus pneumonia in December 2019, long term stress may have negative effects on the mental health of the adolescents. In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the study was designed to investigate the mental and psychological health of adolescents in China and its possible related factors. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional study design was adopted using a structured questionnaire which were distributed through the Internet to measure depression, anxiety, life events and stress related factors. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were conducted to process the data. @*Results@#The final sample comprised 795 adolescents. The total detection rate of depression was 76.48% and the total detection rate of anxiety was 33.08%. ANOVA showed that there were significant differences in depression scores in terms of gender, anxiety scores, history of mental disorders, COVID-19 knowledge reserve, family and social contradictions (p<0.05). And there were significant differences in anxiety scores in terms of gender, depression scores, mental health knowledge reserves, family and social contradictions (p<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that anxiety score, health status and COVID-19 knowledge reserve were positively associated with depression score (p<0.01), and history of psychosocial disorders was negatively associated with depression score (p<0.05); depression score, family and social contradictions were significantly positively correlated with anxiety score (p<0.01), and history of mental disorders was significantly negatively correlated with SDS score (p<0.01). @*Conclusion@#During the outbreak of COVID-19, adolescent students with better understanding of the pandemic, more complete knowledge of mental health, and better family and social relationship had less impact on their mental health. Therefore, to ensure a sound social support system, elaborate health instruction, and family communication and mutual understanding are conducive to alleviating the psychological stress caused by the epidemic, and it is positive for adolescent students to maintain a good mental health.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 163-172, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Moxibustion, a common therapy in traditional Chinese medicine, has potential benefits for treating decreased ovarian reserve (DOR). The present study investigates the protective effect of moxibustion in a rat model of DOR and explores the possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, DOR, moxibustion (MOX), and hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The DOR rat model was established by intragastric administration of 50 mg/kg Tripterygium glycoside suspension (TGS), once daily for 14 days. MOX and HRT treatments were given from the day TGS administration was initiated. The ovarian reserve function was evaluated by monitoring the estrus cycle, morphological changes in ovaries, levels of serum estradiol (E2), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), pregnancy rate and embryo numbers. Terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end-labeling staining was used to identify ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis, while the protein and mRNA expressions of Bax, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT) in ovarian tissues were examined by immunohistochemistry, Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the DOR group, MOX improved the disordered estrous cycle, promoted follicular growth, reduced the number of atresia follicles, increased the concentrations of serum E2 and AMH, and decreased serum FSH and LH concentrations. More importantly, the pregnancy rate and embryo numbers in DOR rats were both upregulated in the MOX treatment group, compared to the untreated DOR model. Further, we found that the MOX group had reduced apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, increased Bcl-2 expression and reduced expression of Bax. Furthermore, the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was triggered by the moxibustion treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion improved ovarian function and suppressed apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells in a rat model of DOR induced by TGS, and the mechanism may involve the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Luteinizing Hormone , Moxibustion , Ovarian Reserve , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Pregnancy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930357

ABSTRACT

Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are the common infectious pathogens in children, which mainly infect the respiratory tract, digestive tract and eyes.Severe HAdVs may even be life-threatening.HAdVs enter the host and cause infection by binding to the host epithelial cells.At the same time, they are recognized by various immune cells and then activate the immune defense response.This study aims to review the interaction between HAdVs and the host, and the immune defense mechanism, thus improving the understanding of the immune response to HAdVs.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in rats with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), and to explore the protective mechanism of moxibustion on ovarian reserve function.@*METHODS@#Forty SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a moxibustion group and a hormone group, 10 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, moxibustion group and hormone group were treated with intragastric administration of tripterysium glycosides turbid liquid to prepare DOR model. The rats in the blank group were treated with intragastric administration of sodium chloride solution with the same volume, once a day for 14 days. The rats in the hormone group were treated with hormone sequential therapy for 14 days from the day of modeling; the rats in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at bilateral "Shenshu" (BL 23) or "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Zhongwan" (CV 12) from the day of modeling, and the two groups acupoints were alternated every other day, 10 min each time, for 14 consecutive days. The estrus cycle was observed every day by vaginal exfoliated cell smear, and the estrus cycle disorder rate in each group was calculated. After the intervention, the HE staining was used to observe the histological morphology of ovaries; ELISA was used to detect the contents of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the rate of estrus cycle disorder in the model group was increased (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could reduce the rate of estrus cycle disorder, improve the level of serum sex hormones and antioxidant stress in DOR rats, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Ovarian Reserve , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 443-446, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276077

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical effectiveness of Qilin Pills combined with sertraline in the treatment of secondary non-consolidated kidney qi premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 120 patients with secondary non-consolidated kidney qi PE were randomly assigned to groups A (aged [35.5 ± 5.4] yr), B (aged [36.2 ± 5.7] yr), and C (aged [35.2 ± 5.3] yr) in the ratio of 1:1:1 to receive Qilin Pills (once 6 g, bid), sertraline (once 50 mg, qd), and Qilin Pills plus sertraline, respectively, all for 4 weeks. The intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and PE diagnostic tool (PEDT) scores were obtained before and after medication and at 1 month after drug withdrawal, and comparative analyses were made among the three groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The IELT was dramatically prolonged in groups A, B, and C after treatment ([3.23 ± 1.84], [3.87 ± 2.43], and [5.92 ± 3.11] min) and at 1 month after drug withdrawal ([1.85 ± 1.27], [1.52 ± 1.06], and [ 4.26 ± 1.88 ] min) as compared with the baseline ([0.88 ± 0.45], [0.84 ± 0.47], and [0.85 ± 0.50] min) (P < 0.01), even longer in group C than in A and B (P < 0.01). The PEDT scores of the three groups were 5.1 ± 1.8, 4.9 ± 1.7, and 3.8 ± 1.2 after treatment and 8.2 ± 2.4, 8.1 ± 2.4, and 6.5 ± 2.1 at 1 month after drug withdrawal, significantly improved in comparison with 13.2 ± 3.2, 12.8 ± 3.1, and 13.1 ± 3.4 before treatment (P < 0.01), even more significantly in group C than in A and B (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qilin Pills combined with sertraline has a definite efficacy in the treatment of secondary non-consolidated kidney qi PE and therefore deserves wide clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Drug Therapy, Combination , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Ejaculation , Physiology , Humans , Male , Premature Ejaculation , Drug Therapy , Qi , Sertraline , Therapeutic Uses
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353075

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the diagnostic value between digital photography (DR) and multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) in fracture and dislocation of foot and ankle.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From August 2010 to August 2012, the DR and MSCT data of 52 patients with fracture and dislocation of foot and ankle were compared according to results of surgery or discharge diagnosis. There were 37 males and 15 females, aged from 15 to 49 years old. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of 52 cases of MSCT were matched with the postoperative or discharge diagnosis. A total of 172 fractures were found on MSCT and 98 fractures were found on DR, the results had significant difference in detecting fracture (V=1 081, P<0.05); A total of 24 dislocations were found on MSCT and 16 dislocations were found on DR,the results also had significant difference in detecting dislocation (V=21, P<0.05). Fractures of 6 cases with DR diagnosis were corrected and located by MSCT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSCT is significantly better than DR in diagnosis of fracture and dislocation of foot and ankle. The examination of two parts should be performed in DR. MSCT and multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) examination should be further performed if DR results are unclear or do not match with clinical symptoms, missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis can be avoided.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Ankle Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Foot Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , Fractures, Bone , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Joint Dislocations , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Methods , Photography
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420055

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a reference for prevention of trace elements deficiency in children by investigating the distribution and variation law of Ca,Cu,Zn,Fe,Mg of children in Beijing area.Methods Five kinds of trace elements( Ca,Cu,Zn,Fe,Mg) in peripheral blood of 7972 children of Beijing Children's Hospital for health examination from 2010 to 2011 were detected by atomic absorption spectrometer.The children were Beijing urban residents.They were divided into five age groups:infancy group ( 1 - 12 months,1506 cases),toddler age group ( 1 - 2 years,2766 cases),preschool age group ( 3 - 6 years,1918 cases),school age group (7 - 11 years,1576 cases) and adolescence group ( 12 - 18 years,206 cases).According to gender,each group was sub-divided into male and female group.The distributions of the 5 kinds of trace elements were analyzed among different age and gender groups.Results With the age increasing,the trend of the levels of Ca and Cu were downward,but the levels of Zn and Fe were upward,and the level of Mg was stable.For boys and girls,the levels of Cu in infancy group were (21.90 ±2.89) and(21.25 ±2.80) μmoL/L; in toddler age group,they were (21.76 ±2.78)and (21.29 ±2.69) μmol/L; in preschool age group,they were ( 21.32 ± 2.83 ) and ( 20.88 ± 2.84 ) μ mol/L; and in school age group,they were (20.81 ± 3.02 ) and ( 20.36 ± 3.37 ) μmol/L,respectively.The distribution of Cu showed significantly different among different gender groups ( t =4.640,4.475,3.290,2.894; P < 0.01 ).In adolescence group,the levels of Cu were ( 19.53 ± 2.91 ) and (20.30 ± 2.90) μmol/L for boys and girls respectively and there was no significant difference ( t =- 1.796,P > 0.05 ).In each gender group,the content of Ca,Zn,Fe,and Mg was not significantly different between boys and girls.It was common for the deficiency of Zn and Fe in all ages.Their total deficiency rates were 58.9% and 19.2%.The deficiency rates of Zn and Fe in infancy were 67.7% and 42.3%.Conclusions The distributions of Ca,Cu,and Mg in peripheral blood of children in Beijing become reasonable.Fe and Zn are deficient in different degree,and should be rationally used according to clinical guide.

8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 175-184, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323403

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the approach to detecting two biovars of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uu) in human semen and to investigate the relationship between the two biovars of Uu infection and the quality of human semen.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region, three pairs of primers were designed, the species specific primer and two biovars primers (Parvo primer and T960 primer). The two biovars of Uu were detected in the semen from 949 men by semen culture and PCR assay. Meanwhile, semen routine analyses were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 949 subjects, 199 were Uu positive both in Uu liquid culture and PCR assay (199/949, 21.1%), of which 136 (136/199, 68.3%) were Parvo biovar, 54 (54/199, 27.1%) T960 biovar, and 9 (9/199, 4.5%) both Parvo and T960 biovars. Compared with the Parvo and the negative groups, human sperm viability was significantly decreased (P < 0.05 ) in the Uu T960 infection group. The difference of sperm motility and density had no statistic significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A significant correlation has been found between Uu T960 biovar infection and human sperm viability</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 23S , Genetics , Semen , Microbiology , Sperm Motility , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Classification , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581575

ABSTRACT

The pigmentum was prepared by using alginic glue prepared by the authors as the film - forming material. It was compared with pigmentum of Alg. Na and PVA in antibacterial activity, stability, film -forming and drug -release. The results showed that alginic glue was better than both Alg. Na and PVA. This pigmentum is an effective treatment for exudative dermatosis .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568827

ABSTRACT

41 biopsies of rami cutaneous dorsalis of nerve peronaeus superficalis in neuro-pathies(12 inherited,8 dysglobulinemia,8 infective,3 vascular,3 other,7 unknown)and 9 biopsies from normal man were observed under electron microscope.It wasfound that 10 oud of the 4 biopsies(24%)oud 4 of the 9 biopsies(44%)had theperineurial canalicular system.The perineurial canalicular system can be divided into 2gradations.(1)The perineurial microcanaliculus consists of 1-2 layers of the perineurialcells,the lumen was irregular;(2)The perineurial canaliculus consists of 1-3 layers ofthe perineurial cells,the lumen was more regular.The luminal surface of the perineu-rial cells had no basal lamina but the external surface of them had basal lamina.The density in the luminal contents obviously lower than that of outside and glyc-ogen-like granules and myelin-like substance could be seen within the lumen.Pino-cytotic vesicles in the perineurial cells of the canalicular wall opened into the lum-inal surface.These canaliculi extraordinarily twisted between the perineurial cells ofvarious layers and the diameter of the lumen was generally 0.1-2.7?m.The originof the canaliculi situated in the inner layer of perineurium was separated from thesubperineurial space with complete basal lamina and intercellular space that contain-ed basal lamina-like substance between perineurial cells.Their termination was notknown yet.The role and function of the perineurial canalicular system were discuss-ed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568631

ABSTRACT

The structure of collagen fibers in the loose and dense connective tissues, from various sources (central tendon of dog diaphragm, tentorium cerebelli of hen, pericardium of adult man, etc.) were investigated with light microscope (LM), transmitting electron microscope (TEM) with ultra thin sections cut after reembedding with epoxy resin following orientation under LM, and ultrathin section under TEM coordinated with the semithin section under LM. It was observed that: (1) The logitudinal striated structure within the so called collagen fibers and the collagen fiber without the logitudinal striated structure under LM are all the closely arranged collagen fibril bundle in which the space between the fibrils is narrower than 0.2?m under TEM. So that both must belong to the same grade. (2) The collagen fibrils in vivo may be singlely dispersed, or in double, or in bundles formed from 3 to hundreds of fibrils; the space between fibrils varied closely to several ?m. (3) The diameter of collagen fibrils is genera ly 20—200 nm, but there are also thicker or thiner fibrils. According to these and other previous works, we suggest the following points on the nomenclature: (1) The collagen fibril is the collagen structure which has generally the diameter of 20—200nm and the cross striations of 64—70nm along its longitudinal axis under EM It should no longer be Called the collagen microfibril. (2) The collagen fiber is the bundle which is composed of three or more closely arranging collagen fibrils bound by a small amount of cement substance. Under EM, the space between the bundles is larger than 0.2?m but the space between the fibrils within the bundle is narrower than 0.2?m. Under LM, the collagen fiber is the structure without the visible subunit filament and may branch and anastomose- each other. (3) The collection of collagen fibers should be called collagen fiber bundle. It includes the so called "collagen fibers" (old routine nomenclature) with the visible subunit filaments under LM. This nomenclature should remove the confusion on the structural grading of collagen fibers and unify the concept of collagen fiber under LM with that under EM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568754

ABSTRACT

The perineurial cells of the small nerve branch of the normal human abdominal wall are observed with electron microscope. The fibrous long-spacing bodies (FLS) are found within the interstitial substance of the endoneurium. 1. 2-5 layers of the perineurial cells surround the nerve fasciculus. The perineurial cells are squamous in shape and the cytoplasm contains microfilaments and pinocytotic vesicles. Each perineurial cell has an obvious basement membrane on its basal surface but the fibroblasts, whatever situated in the endoneurium or on the outer surface of the perineurium, has no basement membrane. Numerous desmosome and some gap junctions between the close attached perineurial cells are demostrated. The collagen fibrils between perineurial cells can be often shown. FLS bodies and collagen fibrils about 45 nm in diameter in the interstitial substance of endoneurium inside perineurial cells are demonstrated. In the connective tissue surrounding the outside of perineurial cells, the collagen fibrils of 80 nm in diameter can be seen, but no FLS bodies present there. 2. FLS bodies in the endoneurial matrix can be demostrated. Most of them closely associated with the basement membrane of the Schwann cells surrounding the unmyelinated nerves but no FLS bodies are found associate with those of the myelinated nerves. A few FLS bodies do not relate to basement membrane and they are invested only with the collagen fibrils. In the longitudinal sections, most of FLS bodies are in spindle shape of various sizes, their longitudinal axes parallel to that of the adjoining collagen fibrils. Sometimes the FLS bodies continue with the collagen fibrils are found. Occasionally, FLS body like a bridge locate between two Schwann cells and its dark bands continue to the basement membrane of the Schwann cells. Two or three FLS bodies may fuse together but their cross bands do not registered at the same level. In the oblique sections, FLS bodies are nearly rectangular in shape, with the cross bands shown, and their appearance do not show greaty difference from those in longitudinal sections. The periodicity of FLS bodies is about 133nm in length; the dark band in it is about 53 nm, which is made of the dense granular substance; the light band is about 80 nm, which is made of a network with approximated parallel microfilaments. There are no further crossstriated structures within the periods. Some problems, such as the role of the perineurial cells, the relationship of FLS bodies with basement membrane, are briefly discussed.

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