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SJO-Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014; 28 (1): 12-18
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-136493


The human lacrimal gland is an essential component of the lacrimal functional unit [LFU]. Any perturbation of this unit can lead to the debilitating morbid condition called the dry eye syndrome [DES]. The current line of therapy available for dry eye remains supportive and palliative with the patient being dependent on life long and frequent administration of lubricating eye drops. Even advanced therapies like punctual plugs, cyclosporine B administration, and salivary gland auto-transplantation have led to a limited success. Under these scenarios, the option of cell based therapy needs to be explored to provide better and long term relief to these patients. This review gives an overview of the efforts in lacrimal gland regeneration and examines the past and ongoing research in cell based therapies in animals as well as human lacrimal gland cultures. The authors discuss their first of its kind functionally viable human lacrimal gland in vitro culture system from fresh exenteration specimens. A brief overview of research in near future and the potential implications of lacrimal gland regenerative therapies have been discussed

MEAJO-Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology. 2013; 20 (1): 80-82
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-146698


We report a rare case of a deep stromal keratitis with a chronic indolent course, diagnosed as microsporidial keratitis from corneal scrapings. The patient's condition worsened despite medical therapy and penetrating keratoplasty was performed. The histopathology of the corneal tissue revealed multiple microsporidial spores in the posterior stroma and the endothelial exudates, whereas there was no clinical or histopathological breach in Descemet's membrane. This is the second report in the literature to report that micropsoridial spores can cross the intact Descemet's membrane

Humans , Male , Keratitis , Microsporidia , Spores , Spores, Fungal , Descemet Membrane , Corneal Stroma , Keratoplasty, Penetrating , Visual Acuity/physiology , Eye Infections, Fungal/microbiology , Anterior Chamber
SJO-Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology. 2013; 27 (3): 141-146
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-161563


Advances in animal models of retinoblastoma have accelerated research in this field, aiding in understanding tumor progression and assessing therapeutic modalities. The distinct pattern of mutations and specific location of this unique intraocular tumor have paved the way for two types of models- those based on genetic mutations, and xenograft models. Retinoblastoma gene knockouts with an additional loss of p107, p130, p53 and using promoters of Nestin, Chx10, and Pax6 genes show histological phenotypic changes close to the human form of retinoblastoma. Conditional knockout in specific layers of the developing retina has thrown light on the origin of this tumor. The use of xenograft models has overcome the obstacle of time delay in the presentation of symptoms, which remains a crucial drawback of genetic models. With the advances in molecular and imaging technologies, the current research aims to develop models that mimic all the features of retinoblastoma inclusive of its initiation, progression and metastasis. The combination of genetic and xenograft models in retinoblastoma research has and will help to pave way for better understanding of retinoblastoma tumor biology and also in designing and testing effective diagnostic and treatment modalities

MEAJO-Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology. 2011; 18 (4): 277-284
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-144100


One of the most frequent types of corneal specimen that we received in our pathology laboratory is an excised corneal tissue following keratoplasty. Several of these cases are due to corneal infections or the sequelae, like corneal scar. Advances in the histological and molecular diagnosis of corneal infections and inflammations have resulted in rapid and accurate diagnosis of the infectious agent and in the overall understanding of the mechanisms in inflammatory diseases of the cornea. This review provides an update of histopathological findings in various corneal infections and inflammations

Humans , Keratitis/pathology , Corneal Transplantation , Inflammation
Oman Journal of Ophthalmology. 2011; 4 (3): 147-149
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-162968


Orbital solitary fibrous tumor [SFT] is a rare tumor originating from the mesenchyme. Initially described in the pleura and subsequently in other mesenchymal structures, orbit continues to be one of the uncommon extrapleural sites. The diagnosis of orbital SFT cannot be made with certainty on clinical or radiological evaluation and requires histologic studies with immunohistochemical confirmation for which CD 34 is the most specific diagnostic test. We describe clinical presentations, radiological and operative findings, and pathological features of a patient with orbital SFT along with a review of literature