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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879031

ABSTRACT

It is the core of the development for Chinese patent medicine enterprises to cultivate large varieties of Chinese patent medicine, and the selection of potential "seed" products is the prerequisite for the cultivation strategy. By constructing the evaluation model from multiple dimensions of value and risk, we can conduct specialized evaluation of Chinese patent medicines to effectively, professionally and objectively select the "seed" products with large variety cultivation potential. In this paper, the establishment of a multidimensional evaluation system would be discussed from the aspects of drug naming and prescription composition, safety risk and supply guarantee of raw materials and medicinal materials, competition situation, access to policy catalogue, scientific and technological support, clinical evidence and recognition, systematical and standardized collection of information on product instructions, quality standards, policy catalogue, scientific and technological literature, market competition and clinical application of Chinese patent medicines. Through the objective evaluation index and the range of objective index, the multi-dimensional evaluation model on values and risks of Chinese patent medicine products was discussed. Based on this model, a batch of Chinese patent medicine products can be quickly and comprehensively analyzed, and quantitative comparison can be formed among different types and fields of products. According to the evaluation results of the model and the comprehensive evaluation of experts, high-quality "seed" products can be selec-ted, laying a solid foundation for the next step of large variety cultivation. With use of this model, we can further clarify the external competitive advantages and internal priority levels of each product, and provide support for enterprises to optimize product structure and improve product strategic layout.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/adverse effects , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of serum sex hormones, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 25 (OH) D3] levels and islet function in patients with gestational diabetes mdlitus (GDM) , and to analyze their intrinsic relationships.Methods:50 GDM patients admitted to the Department of Clinical Medicine of Wuhan Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from Mar. 2018 to Sep. 2019 were selected as the study group, and 50 healthy pregnant women were selected as the control group. Serum level of sex hormones, 25 (OH) D3 level, islet function [Fasting insulin (FINS) , Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) , Islet β cell function index (HOMA-β) ], the correlations between serum sex hormones, 25 (OH) D3 levels, and islet function changes were analyzed using Person, and the influencing factors of GDM were analyzed using binary logistic.Results:The estrogen level, progesterone level, FINS level and HOMA-IR of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group[ (6525.28±2095.51) vs (2259.02±717.75) pg/ml, (554.34±32.85) vs (385.34±24.59) ng/ml, (12.69±3.93) vs (9.68±3.19) mU/L, (3.06±1.06) vs (2.01±0.63) ]. 25 (OH) D3 and HOMA-β in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group[ (17.46±5.59) vs (21.51±7.14) ng/ml, (137.31±32.11) vs (281.76±54.02) ], the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05) . According to Pearson analysis, sex hormones were positively correlated with FINS and HOMA-IR ( P<0.05) and negatively correlated with HOMA-β ( P<0.05) ; 25 (OH) D3 was positively correlated with HOMA-β ( P<0.05) and progestin was negatively correlated ( P<0.05) ; FINS was positively correlated with HOMA-IR ( P<0.05) , and HOMA-IR was negatively correlated with HOMA-β ( P<0.05) . 25 (OH) D3 and HOMA-β were risk factors for GDM ( P<0.05) , and FINS and HOMA-IR were protective factors for GDM ( P<0.05) . Conclusions:GDM patients have higher levels of sex hormones, lower levels of25 (OH) D3, HOMA-β, vitamin D deficiency or deficiency, and decreased insulin secretion. There is a correlation between 25 (OH) D3 and HOMA-β.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873310

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of Qiyu Sanlong decoction on the growth of subcutaneous tumor in lung cancer mice and the expressions of key autophagy molecule, yeast Atg6 homologous (Beclin1), autophagy related genes5 (Atg5), and microtubule-associated protein1 light chain3 (LC3B). Method::Lewis lung carcinoma cells (LLC) were used to reproduce the lung cancer mice transplanted model. After the modeling, the mice were randomly divided into model group, Qiyu Sanlong decoction group, chemotherapy group and combination group, with 18 transplanted mice in each group. In model group, mice were fed with 0.9% saline 20 mL·kg-1 daily. In Qiyu Sanlong decoction group, mice were fed with Qiyu Sanlong decoction 80.48 g·kg-1 daily. The chemotherapy group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.4 mL cisplatin solution (DDP) at the 1st, 3rd and 5th day. The combination group was orally given the drugs at the concentration of 80.48 g·kg-1, and 0.4 mL DDP solution was intraperitoneally injected at the 1st, 3rd and 5th day. After 21 days of continuous treatment, tumor tissue was exfoliated and weighed, and the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histological changes of tumor. The expressions and localizations of Beclin1 and LC3B in tumor tissues were detected by immunohistochemical staining. Protein expressions of Beclin1, Atg5, LC3B-Ⅰand LC3B-Ⅱ were determined by Western blot, and the ratio of LC3B-Ⅱ/LC3B-Ⅰ was calculated. The transcription levels of Beclin1, Atg5 mRNA in tumor tissues were detected by Real-time PCR. Result::Qiyu Sanlong decoction had a mild inhibitory effect on transplanted tumor, with an inhibitory rate of 31.2%. Under microscope, patchy necrotic tumor cells were observed in the tumor tissues of Qiyu Sanlong decoction group. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis showed that Qiyu Sanlong decoction could up-regulate the expressions of Beclin1, Atg5 and LC3B protein (P<0.01), and promote the conversion from LC3B-Ⅰ into LC3-Ⅱ compared with the model group. Real-time PCR results showed that Qiyu Sanlong decoction could promote the transcription of Beclin1 mRNA and Atg5 mRNA compared with the model group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Qiyu Sanlong decoction has a mild inhibitory effect on lung tumors, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulating the expressions of autophagy key proteins Beclin1, Atg5 and LC3B, and promoting the conversion from LC3B-Ⅰ to LC3B-Ⅱ.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize medication law of prescription and clinical experience on the treatment of chronic cough through data mining technology. Method:The formula information of 650 cases of chronic cough cases diagnosed and treated by professor HAN Ming-xiang was processed with data mining technology, and system cluster analysis and factor analysis were conducted by SPSS Statistics 22.0. Result:High-frequency medicines of professor HAN Ming-xiang for treating chronic cough were Stemonae Radix, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Asteris Radix et Rhizoma and other 37 herbs, their frequency of occurrence accounted for 80.52%. According to the efficacy, the medicines could be classified into 10 categories, such as expectorant cough antiasthmatic drugs, tonifying deficiency drugs, and diaphoretic drugs. Cluster analysis showed 5 combinations of drugs. Factor analysis yielded 13 common factors, such as Stemonae Radix-Asteris Radix et Rhizoma-Farfarae Flos-Cynanchi Stauntonii Rhizoma et Radix, Asari Radix et Rhizoma-Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus-Zingiberis Rhizoma-Fritillariae Thunbergii Bulbus. Conclusion:Combined with clinical experience, it can be concluded that clinical treatment of professor HAN Ming-xiang for chronic cough attaches great importance to the pathogenesis of wind-evil, Yang deficiency and cold phlegm underlying lung, phlegm and blood stasis and Qi stagnation. The treatment mainly starts from the lung and spleen, with the method of warm and moist, or with some traditional Chinese medicines with the function of removing phlegm by warming the lung, dispersing cold by thinning the surface, strengthening the spleen and resolving phlegm, strengthening the lung and fixing the surface, and relieving spasmolysis by wind.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801850

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study and create the algorithm for the diversity (AD) of extensible markup language (XML) tree map, and provide a new tool for the identification of Artemisiae Annuae Herba. Method: According to the literature research, the key information of Artemisiae Annuae Herba was selected from the macroscopic, mesoscopic and microscopic information, etc. Based on the key information, the relevant upper standards of domestic and foreign professional fields were cited to assign the unique identification independent of language for each data element, and the coding rules of relevant data elements were established. The digital coding technology was applied to the flexible structure editor, and the tree map was created, which could be returned as the 5th version of hypertext markup language (HTML5) or XML format. Based on the diversity related algorithms, the authors innovatively developed the AD of XML tree map of Artemisiae Annuae Herba, which took into account both of topology and semantics, and the expression model of related mathematical functions of Artemisiae Annuae Herba was established. By comparing the calculation results with the reality, the algorithm model was debugged continuously until the convergence of the core-culvert algorithm model. Result: Through the research on AD, the diversity between two XML tree maps could be calculated, and the discrimination or identification model of Artemisiae Annuae Herba also could be finally optimized and established. After calculation and analysis of the tested tree maps, the effective rate of the model was 100%. Conclusion: In this study, the establishment of the AD of XML tree map can effectively assist in the identification of Artemisiae Annuae Herba, which provides certain technical support and theoretical guidance for the research on intelligent application of traditional Chinese medicine.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 344-346, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744873

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the echocardiographic features of cardiac valve myxoma in combination with cases and literature.Methods Retrospectively analyzed one case of tricuspid valve myxoma which was diagnosed and treated in our hospital.The clinical manifestations,pathophysiological changes and echocardiographic features of cardiac valvular myxoma were summarized in combination with literature.Results The valvular myxoma is extremely rare.Its clinical manifestations are obstruction,embolism and systemic manifestations.Because of its attachment to the valve,it mainly causes valve opening and closing function,resulting in stenosis or insufficiency of the valve orifice,and then causes corresponding hemodynamic changes.Echocardiographic manifestations are isoecho or slightly strong echo mass with pedicle attached to the valve,and its activity increases with the opening and closing of the valve.Conclusions The valvular myxoma is extremely rare.Echocardiography is the preferred imaging evaluation method for the timely and effective diagnosis of valvular myxoma.Combination of transesophageal echocardiography can better help to evaluate the disease.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbs in the treatment of sub-health systematically.@*METHODS@#Nine databases were systematically and extensively searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about Chinese herbs in the treatment of sub-health. The outcomes included overall effective rate, main symptoms, quality of life, etc. Literature screening, data extraction and quality assessment were conducted according to Cochrane Handbook 5.1. Meta-analysis was conducted to the included literature with Review Manager Software.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-two studies involving 9,296 patients with sub-health were included with 4,908 patients in experimental groups and 4,387 patients in control groups. The overall quality of included clinical research was not high. In the aspect of improving overall effective rate, relieving main symptoms, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score, Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) score, Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14), Cornell Medical Index (CMI) score and discontinuation rate, the effects of experimental groups were better than that of control groups. According to available research reports, adverse reactions in Chinese herb groups were mainly mild gastrointestinal symptoms, which did not affect the treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Chinese herbs have a curative effect in the treatment of sub-health. However, there are no clear criteria for diagnosis and curative effectiveness judgment globally, which would affect the accuracy of curative effect evaluation.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 928-934, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Positive surgical margins are independent risk factor for biochemical recurrence, local recurrence, and distant metastasis after radical prostatectomy. However, limited predictive tools are available. This study aimed to develop and validate a preoperative nomogram for predicting positive surgical margins after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP).@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to March 2016, a total of 418 patients who underwent LRP without receiving neoadjuvant therapy at Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively involved in this study. Clinical and pathological results of each patient were collected for further analysis. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression (backward stepwise method) were used for the nomogram development. The concordance index (CI), calibration curve analysis and decision curve analysis were used to evaluate the performance of our model.@*RESULTS@#Of 418 patients involved in this study, 142 patients (34.0%) had a positive surgical margin on final pathology. Based on the backward selection, four variables were included in the final multivariable regression model, including the percentage of positive cores in preoperative biopsy, clinical stage, free prostate specific antigen (fPSA)/total PSA (tPSA), and age. A nomogram was developed using these four variables. The concordance index (C-index) of the nomogram was 0.722 in the development cohort and 0.700 in the bootstrap validations. The bias-corrected calibration plot showed a limited departure from the ideal line with a mean absolute error of 2.0%. In decision curve analyses, the nomogram showed net benefits in the range from 0.2 to 0.7.@*CONCLUSION@#A nomogram to predict positive surgical margins after LRP was developed and validated, which could help urologists plan surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Male , Margins of Excision , Middle Aged , Nomograms , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775078

ABSTRACT

In recent years, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) has been recognized as an effective marker for myocardial injury in adults and can be used to diagnose acute myocardial injury and predict major adverse cardiovascular events. It is the gold standard for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in adults. Neonates are a special group, and due to the changes of various physiological processes during the perinatal period, many laboratory markers used in adults may have a low clinical value in neonates. So far, for example, there is still no suitable cardiac serum biomarker that can reflect the true condition of neonatal myocardial injury. In recent years, new breakthroughs have been made in the application of hs-cTnT in the field of neonates. In order to fully understand the role of hs-cTnT in neonatal diseases, this article reviews the research advances in the biological and physiological features of hs-cTnT and its application in neonates.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Heart , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Myocardial Infarction , Troponin T
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693091

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the important functional units of medical endoscopes and provide a theoretical basis for improving the maintenance and repair of hospital medical equipment.Methods The units of medical endoscopes were analyzed by the failure mode effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) method to determine the important functional unit.The maintenance methods of the important functional units were proposed and compared with those obtained by a medical equipment repair company.Results According to the risk priority number (RPN) score> 36,the important functional units of the medical endoscope were determined as electrical interface,water bottle interface,suction interface,housing,chain,pliers pipeline,water gas pipeline,jacket,charge coupled device (CCD) glass,guided beam glass and nozzles.These units require clinical operators to focus on and perform regular maintenances.Compared with the results obtained by the company,human factors were considered as a greater impact on the reliability of medical endoscopes.Conclusions For clinical operators,the operation training of medical endoscopes should be strengthened to avoid human-induced failures.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690589

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study the characteristics of serum metabonomics in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients diagnosed as phlegm or blood stasis pattern and explore effects of formula-pattern correspondence treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 102 stable CHD patients were enrolled and divided into phlegm group (P group, n=52) and blood stasis group (BS group, n=50) according to pattern identifification. Gualou Xiebai Banxia Decoction (, GXBD) and Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction (, XZD) were used as drug interventions. Relevant indicators of metabonomics were observed by ultra performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) and pattern recognition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Levels of amino acids and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in the CHD group were much higher than those in healthy control group, while the levels of unsaturated fatty acids, sphingosine, Lyso, phosphatidylcholine (PC) were signifificantly lower (P<0.01). Most of the differential metabolites between the CHD and the healthy groups were also common metabolites of phlegm and blood stasis. 7(Z), 10(Z)-hexadecadienoic acid and DPA were decreased in the P group and increased in the BS group. According to the quantity of retraced metabolites, improvement in metabonomics by formula-pattern correspondence was superior to that without correspondence in the BS group. Based on the varieties of metabolites, GXBD could improve the levels of docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), sphingomyelin (SM) (d34:1), and L-Lactic acid and XZD could ameliorate the levels of sphingosine and Vit E in the P group. In the BS group, GXBD could improve vitamin E level and XZD could make improvements in the levels of octadecanoic acid, phosphoglycerol, and SM (d34:1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Phlegm and blood stasis in CHD patients present specifific differential metabolites, and share common metabolites. Remarkable differences have been displayed in pathological properties and severity of phlegm and blood stasis. Patients with phlegm are more likely to have lipid metabolism disorders. However, in patients with blood stasis, problems mainly lie in glucose, protein and fat metabolism and the injury of vascular cell membrane is relatively severe. The metabolic disorder is more complicated in blood stasis pattern than that in phlegm pattern. Compared with non-correspondence, improvement of differential metabolites is more comprehensive and targeted in formulapattern correspondence with a better effect.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687293

ABSTRACT

Xiaochaihu decoction is a classic prescription of traditional Chinese medicine. Modern research has proved its anti-depression effect. However, its pharmacological mechanism for anti-depression effect is difficult to be unveiled because of the complexity of compound Chinese medicines. Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix is the core drug pair of Xiaochaihu decoction. In this research, Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix were analyzed by the integrative pharmacology platform to study its molecular mechanism for anti-depression. One hundred and sixteen active ingredients were predicted, 62 for Bupleuri Radix, mainly including saikosaponins, acids, alcohols, and 54 for Scutellariae Radix, mainly including flavonoids and glycosides. Its anti-depression effect was relevant to 118 core targets, including 22 known disease targets, such as serotonin receptor(HTR2C), activating transcription factor(ATF1, ATF2), δ opioid receptor(OPRD1), μ opioid receptor (OPRM1), κ opioid receptor(OPRK1), inositol monophosphatase(IMPA1), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), histamine H1 receptor(HRH1), neurotrophic factor tyrosine kinase receptor1 (NTRK1), Glycogen synthetase kinase 3β(GSK3β), etc. The antidepressant effect involved positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter, transcription factor binding, cytosol, transcriptional regulation of DNA template, enzyme binding, endocrine system, nervous system, neurotrophin signaling pathway, cell growth and death, signal transduction, thyroid hormone signaling pathway and other related biological processes and metabolic pathways. This study provides a scientific evidence for further study of the anti-depression mechanism of this drug pair.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702338

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanism of right ventricular pulmonary artery coupling by fitting the pressure volume loop of pulmonary arterial hypertension patients and calculating the related parameters.Methods During January of 2015 to December of 2015,34 patients with pulmonary hypertension and 5 patients with patent oval foramen(PFO)were admitted in Wuhan Asian Heart Hospital,. Inclusion criteria for the pulmonary hypertension group were in accordance with the newest European guidelines for pulmonary hypertension . All of the patients were conducted invasive pressure catheter intervention and MRI. All the pressure data were digitized by GetData software and the CMR tools3D was used to derive right ventricular volume data, fitting the pressure volume loop and calculate the Pmax, Ees, Ea and other related parameters. 5 patients with PFO and 34 patients with pulmonary hypertension were divided into three groupswhich included:the control group (i.e. the patients with PFO), patients with pulmonary artery mean pressure less than 50 mmHg as group A and pulmonary artery mean pressure greater than or equal to 50 mmHg as group B. The pressure volume loop of the three groups were compared and the related parameters were calculated.Results The right ventricular Pmax were(53.05±12.87) mmHg, (134.73±26.38) mmHg, (207.88±65.67) mmHg, in the control group, group A and B respectively. There were significant differences when compared among the 3 groups. There was no statistical difference in Ees between the control group and group A(P>0.05). The Ees of group B was significantly higher than the control group[(1.53±0.97)vs.(0.60±0.28),P<0.05]. The Ea of group B was higher than the control[(1.34±0.74) vs.(0.39±0.15),P<0.05]. The overall ratio of Ees/Ea was lower in group B as compared to the control group [(1.12±0.47)vs.(1.62±0.51),P<0.05].Conclusions In the early stage of pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular contractility preserves and can overcome the slightly elevated afterload .The right ventricle and pulmonary artery coupled with good work. With the increasing mean pulmonary artery,the afterload of right ventricular increases and right ventricular contractility needs further increase to fight against the elevated afterload. The elevation of contractility cannot overcome the change of afterload, resulting in the off paired of mechanical efflciency, causing the right ventricle- pulmonary artery coupling decreases.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 505-509, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779621

ABSTRACT

This paper was prepared to analyze and discuss the main content of the Botanical Drug Development Guidance for Industry by United States FDA's (the draft version of the 2015), especially focused on the guidelines for clinical research (mainly in late-stage clinical studies) recommendations and requirements sectiones. The key and difficult issues in the late clinic study were analyzed and discussed, and a series of countermeasures were proposed in this paper. At the same time, combined with the case of approved botanical drug products, analysis of the guidelines for the development of plant drug regulations, the enlightenment were presented in the last part, to guide the research and development of traditional Chinese medicine and the internationalization of Chinese medicine.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350174

ABSTRACT

To investigate the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP channel) protein expressions during different periods under hypoxia condition and explore the effect of Qibai Pingfei capsule medicated serum (hereinafter referred to as QBPF) on the correlation between the protein expressions of KATP channel and nitric oxide in rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells(PASMCs). Qibai Pingfei capsules were given to SD rats via continuous gavage for 10 days to obtain QBPF. Primary rats PASMCs were cultured by the direct adherent culture method. Western blot was applied to detect the protein expression levels of KATP channel (Kir6.1 and SUR2B) in PASMCs. Then the noncompetitive inhibitor of NO synthase--Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME) and KATP channel inhibitor--glyburide(GLYB) were applied respectively to evaluate the effect of QBPF on the protein expressions of KATP channel. The protein expressions of Kir6.1 and SUR2B were increased after 6-hour hypoxia treament, peaked at the 24-hour hypoxia treament, and decreased in both 48-hour and 72-hour hypoxia groups. Especially, QBPF could further up-regulate the Kir6.1 and SUR2B protein expressions under 24-hour hypoxia condition; however, such up-regulation effect could be blocked by KATP channel inhibitor GLYB and NO specific inhibitor L-NAME, indicating that QBPF played the role of opening KATP channel. The regulatory mechanism was probably associated with up-regulating KATP channel protein expression via NO relative pathway, involving pulmonary vasodilation, and thus relieving the occurence and development of COPD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335733

ABSTRACT

Based on the research of active liver targeting liposomes mediated by glycyrrhetinic acid ligand at home and abroad, this paper focuses on the liver targeting effect of liposomes mediated with 18-GA-Gly, a kind of glycyrrhetinic acid ligand. salvianolic acid B(Sal B)-tanshinone ⅡA (TSN)liposomes mediated by 18-GA-Gly as well as the liposomes with unmodified ligands were prepared by film dispersion-high pressure homogenization method, and then the particle size, potential, encapsulation efficiency and ligand binding rate were detected. Plasma samples of the heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney tissues were taken at different time points after tail vein injections. The contents of Sal B and TSN in each sample were determined with UPLC methods and the liver targeting effect of 18-GA-Gly ligands was evaluated. The results showed that the particle size, potential, encapsulation efficiency and ligand binding rate met the basic requirements; in vivo targeting investigation results showed no difference between GLY-TS-Lip group and TS-Lip group. The liposomes mediated by glycyrrhetinic acid derivative ligand 18-GA-Gly can increase the peak concentration of Sal B and TSN in liver, but showed no significant liver targeting effect.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853021

ABSTRACT

Determination of the absolute configuration is considered one of the most complicated works in the natural products study. Mosher's method provides a practical solution for the stereochemistry determination of natural products by means of NMR spectroscopy. This article, which reviews the classic application of Mosher's method, is one of the series of historical stories on natural product chemistry published in this journal.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609201

ABSTRACT

Data acquisition is one of the key links that influencing the quality of clinical research.Electronic data capture system (EDC) embodies the advantages of saving time,manpower and material resources and improving efficiency and reliability by data acquisition.CDISC has established worldwide industry standards to support the electronic acquisition,exchange,submission and archiving of clinical research data.The application of CDISC standards to EDC system is favorable in ensuring the validity and standardization of clinical data.This paper takes the Oracle's OC/ RDC (Oracle Clinical / Oracle Remote Data Capture) system as an example to discuss the application of CDISC standard to EDC system from the two aspects:direct application and indirect application.We suggest that data collection should be taken into account during the design phase of a clinical trial,and the CDISC standard be applied at the CRF design stage.A design for eCRF takes time and effort by the combination of EDC system and CDISC standard,while thoughtless design may collect the wrong data.Therefore,it is suggested that a specialized personnel should be put in charge of eCRF design and maintenance during the operation of EDC system,and a set of standardized eCRFs based on CDISC standard and standard operating procedures should be built in one organization.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3437-3440, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method of microbial limit test for liquid preparation of Iron sucrose injection before filtration and sterilization.METHODS:According to the microbial limit test in the 1005 and general rules 1006 of 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (vol.Ⅴ),plate method and membrane filtration method were used to measure total number of aerobic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Bacillus subtilis,Candida albicans,Aspergillus niger) and total number of molds and yeasts (C.albicans,A.niger).The optimal test method was obtained by comparing the bacterial recoveries.RESULTS:By plate method,the recoveries of P aeruginosa and B.subtilis were 2% and 5%.The test sample was diluted 10 times with pH 7.0 sodium chloride-peptone buffer solution,and the bacterial recoveries were in the range of 88% to 96%;but he medium was dark in color.By membrane filtration method,without rinse solution,the bacterial recoveries in the range of 88% to 95%.Add rinse solution,the bacterial recoveries were in the range of 91% to 103%.After validated,the recoveries of menbrane filtration method with tlushing fluid ranged 50%-200 %,which was in line with the requnements.CONCLUSIONS:The membrane filtration method established in this experiment has higher bacterial recovery rate than the plate method.The bacterial recoveries rate were higher after adding rinse solution,and no dark substance in the surface of filter membrane affect the accotmt.It can be used as the microbial limit test method for preparation liquid of Iron sucrose injection before filtration and sterilization.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661742

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of regional synergistic treatment system on the treatment time and short-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of STEMI patients who admitted to emergency center of Suzhou Kowloon Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) from January 2013 to January 2017 were conducted. All patients were divided into two groups, group A was the patients who underwent the PPCI before the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system (from January 2013 to December 2014), and group B was the patients who received the treatment after the establishment of the area co-treatment system (from January 2015 to January 2017). The length of time from onset of symptoms to the balloon dilatation (S2B), the length of time from the first medical contact to the balloon dilatation (FMC2B), the length of time from entering the gate of hospital to the balloon dilatation (D2B), and the incidence of 90-day end point events (including heart failure, all-cause death, and other related adverse events) were collected. The relations of the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system and the incidence of 90-day end point events were analyzed by multivariable Logistic regression analysis.Results Among the 221 enrolled patients with STEMI, 83 patients were in group A and 138 patients were in group B respectively. Compared with group A, S2B time [minutes: 180 (140, 210) vs. 201 (154, 225)], FMC2B time [minutes: 89 (78, 100) vs. 94 (83, 107)] and D2B time [minutes: 66 (62, 70) vs. 85 (72, 99)] were significantly shortened in group B (allP < 0.05), the incidence of 90-day end point events were significantly decreased (heart failure:20.3% vs. 32.5%, all-cause death: 1.4% vs. 7.2%, other related adverse events: 23.2% vs. 36.1%, allP < 0.05). It was shown by multivariable Logistic regression analysis that the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system could lower the incidence of 90-day end point events [heart failure: odds ratio (OR) = 1.904, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.968-1.004, P = 0.048; all-cause death:OR = 11.724, 95%CI = 0.955-1.048,P = 0.013; other related adverse events:OR = 1.925, 95%CI = 1.049-3.530,P = 0.034].Conclusion The construction of regional synergistic treatment system can shorten the emergency treatment time of STEMI patients and reduce the incidence of 90-day end point events including heart failure and death.

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