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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 33-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991245

ABSTRACT

Since 2016, Binzhou Medical University began to carry out the blended learning reform in the organ-systems based curriculum (OSBC) of the experimental class of clinical medicine. Based on the traditional face-to-face teaching method, the blended learning mode of the integrated course of endocrine system under OSBC has been carried out by using the small private online course (SPOC) of MOOC platform of China universities. Many teaching methods have been adopted and formed, including case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL), professional bilingual teaching, scientific research teaching and virtual simulation experiment teaching. The evaluation system for the combination of formative and summary assessment has been also adopted in the whole process to assess the students' academic achievement, and the teaching effect as well. The blended learning mode of the integrated course of the endocrine system under OSBC is still in the exploratory stage. There are some limitations, such as too high requirements for teachers' quality, long preparation time for teaching, and great difficulty in supervising online learning. However, the practice of teaching reform that has been carried out shows that it is effective, feasible, and worth popularizing.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1086-1091, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005946

ABSTRACT

Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the standard treatment for patients with early-stage of prostate cancer,but often causes urinary incontinence and other complications, which harm patients’ quality of life. The protection and reconstruction of urinary continence-related structures during the operation are significant approaches to reduce the incidence of urinary incontinence and restore urinary continence. This article reviewed the surgical approaches of radical prostatectomy, anatomy of urinary continence-related structures (bladder neck, functional urethra, supporting structures, nerves and vessels) and the protective skills,hoping to provide reference for the treatment of early-stage prostate cancer.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2046-2048, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697886

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors of preterm premature rupture of membranes and maternal outcomes. Methods 326 cases with PPRM singleton were selected as the study group in our hospital,and 300 singleton cases with preterm premature rupture of membranes as the control group. Retrospective investigation of the pregnant women and neonatal was performed. Results By single factor analysis,there was no significant difference between the two groups of gestational hypertension,gestational diabetes,uterine dysplasia, uterine scar incidence(P > 0.05);The incidence of reproductive tract infection and fetal abnormalities in study group was higher than that in the control group(P<0.05). The single factor analysis in multivariate logistic regres-sion with statistical difference analysis of reproductive tract infection and abnormal fetal position for preterm prema-ture rupture of the placenta affect independent risk factors. The incidence of neonatal asphyxia and neonatal pneu-monia in the study group was higher than that in control group,and the neonatal weight was lower than the control group,Apgar score was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion the reproductive tract infec-tion and abnormal fetal position of preterm premature rupture of the placenta membranes affect the independent risk factors for preterm premature rupture of membranes ,adverse neonatal outcomes,neonatal asphyxia and the incidence of pneumonia,and light weight need further research.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1539-1542, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501624

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of neferine on proliferation and invasion of human hepatocellular car-cinoma. Methods HepG2 and Bel-7402 cells were cultured in vitro with different concentrations of nefer-ine, then cell proliferation was observed by CCK-8 as-say; cell invasion was observed by transwell invasion assay; the protein expression of RhoA, RhoC and ROCK was detected by Western blot. Results CCK-8 results showed that neferine could significantly inhibit cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner compared with the control group. Transwell invasion assay showed that cell invasion was significantly decreased with neferine 3 μmol · L-1 . Western blot results showed that RhoA, RhoC and ROCK protein expres-sion was decreased when neferine was co-incubated with hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Conclusion Nef-erine can inhibit proliferation and invasion of HepG2 and Bel-7402 cells, which is mediated mainly by the inhibition of RhoA, RhoC and ROCK protein expres-sion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 8579-8584, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There are more ways of internal fixation in treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fracture;however, how to choose a fixed way is the key issue of ensuring the efficacy. OBJECTIVE:To compare the therapeutic effect of proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedul ary nail and proximal femoral locking plate in the treatment of elderly femoral intertrochanteric fractures. METHODS:Total y 100 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures who received the treatment at Qionghai City People’s Hospital from December 2009 to December 2013 were randomly divided into locking plate and anti-rotation intramedul ary nail groups. Patients in the anti-rotation intramedul ary nail group underwent internal fixation using proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedul ary nail. Patients in the locking plate group underwent internal fixation using proximal femoral locking plate. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the locking plate group, the amount of bleeding, operation time, postoperative bed activity time and hospital stay in the anti-rotation intramedul ary nail group significantly reduced, the excel ent rate of Harris scores was significantly increased after 1 year of internal fixation and the incidence of complications and adverse reactions was significantly decreased. There was no host response to the material in these two groups.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2843-2850, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275606

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (NONFH) is a debilitating disease that represents a significant financial burden for both individuals and healthcare systems. Despite its significance, however, its prevalence in the Chinese general population remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of NONFH and its associated risk factors in the Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A nationally representative survey of 30,030 respondents was undertaken from June 2012 to August 2013. All participants underwent a questionnaire investigation, physical examination of hip, and bilateral hip joint X-ray and/or magnetic resonance imaging examination. Blood samples were taken after overnight fasting to test serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. We then used multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate the associations between various metabolic, demographic, and lifestyle-related variables and NONFH.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NONFH was diagnosed in 218 subjects (0.725%) and the estimated NONFH cases were 8.12 million among Chinese people aged 15 years and over. The prevalence of NONFH was significantly higher in males than in females (1.02% vs. 0.51%, χ2 = 24.997, P < 0.001). Among NONFH patients, North residents were subjected to higher prevalence of NONFH than that of South residents (0.85% vs. 0.61%, χ 2 = 5.847, P = 0.016). Our multivariate regression analysis showed that high blood levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and non-HDL-cholesterol, male, urban residence, family history of osteonecrosis of the femoral head, heavy smoking, alcohol abuse and glucocorticoid intake, overweight, and obesity were all significantly associated with an increased risk of NONFH.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our findings highlight that NONFH is a significant public health challenge in China and underscore the need for policy measures on the national level. Furthermore, NONFH shares a number of risk factors with atherosclerosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Distribution , Asian People , China , Epidemiology , Femur Head Necrosis , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 843-847, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456983

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) combined with ultrafiltration in treatment of kidney injury induced by serious hemorrhagic shock in rabbits.Methods Models of pressure-controlled hemorrhagic shock was developed in 24 New Zealand white rabbits which were divided into unresuscitation group (n =8),ECMO combined with ultrafiltration group (combined resuscitation group,n =8),and fluid resuscitation group (n =8) according to the random number table.Heart rate was monitored via electrocardiograph and arterial pressure via fermoral artery catheter.Blood samples were collected pre-and post-shock and after resuscitation to measure levels of lactic acid,serum creatinine,IL-6,and TNF-α.Kidney samples were collected for measurement of histopathological changes via HE staining,expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) via immunohistochemical staining.Results Arterial pressure was (53.1 ± 11.4) mmHg in combined resuscitation group,higher than (41.3 ± 11.1) mmHg in fluid resuscitation group and (25.9 ± 10.5) mmHg in unresuscitation group (F =41.425,P < 0.05).Hemorrhagic shock induced significant up-regulation of lactic acid,serum creatinine,IL-6,and TNF-α(P < 0.05),but all were lowered after resuscitation,especially in combined resuscitation group (P < 0.05).HE staining showed the degree of kidney tissue necrosis and inflammatory cytokine infiltration in combined resuscitation group alleviated notably compared with fluid resuscitation group.Median and interquartile values of HSP70 were 17 828.960 0 (15 779.865 0-21 751.980 0) in unresuscitation group,2 714.270 0 (1 339.215 0-7 616.950 0) in fluid resuscitation group,and 262.930 0 (198.820 0-538.195 0) in combine resuscitation group,with statistical differences among groups(P < 0.05).Conclusion ECMO combined with ultrafiltration is superior to conventional fluid resuscitation in improving hypoxia tissue injury and inflammatory reaction after hemorrhagic shock and is beneficial to attenuating kidney injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 184-186, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318071

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To reveal the genetic characteristics of GII.12 Norovirus strains isolating from stool samples of adults with diarrhea in Beijing during 2008-2009.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RdRp, ORF2, ORF3 and ORF1/ORF2 overlap region were respectively amplified by primers using RT-PCR. The products were purified, cloned, sequenced and then aligned, phylogenetic and recombinant analyzed by softwares of DNAStar, MEGA and SimPlot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to the phylogenetic analysis, 11 strains belonged to G II.g in the RdRp region,while GII.12 in the ORF2 and ORF3. SimPlot analysis further confirmed the 11 strains were recombinant strains ( G II.g [RdRp]/G II.12 [capsid]).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>G II.12 Norovirus prevailing in Beijing and other regions of the world belonged to the same strain, and we identified the genetic characteristics of G II.12 Norovirus in Beijing.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Norovirus , Classification , Genetics , Phylogeny , Recombination, Genetic , Time Factors
9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 335-336, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301474

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship of of subjective and objective scoring chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 159 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were analyzed. SPSS 18.0 software was used to analyze the data. Pearson regression was used to analyze the relationship.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Pearson correlation coefficient r between VAS score (16.380 ± 5.809)and the whole discomfort (5.070 ± 1.361) was 0.710, there were correlation (P < 0.01). The Pearson correlation coefficient r between Lund-Kennedy score (3.724 ± 1.107) and Lund-Mackay score (5.983 ± 2.984) was 0.513, there were correlation (P < 0.01). The Pearson correlation coefficient r between VAS score and Lund-Kennedy score was 0.417, there were correlation (P < 0.05). VAS score had no correlation with Lund-Mackay(r = 0.113, P > 0.05). The whole discomfort had no correlation with Lund-Kennedy score and Lund-Mackay score (r value were 0.309 and 0.022, all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The subjective and objective score of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps were contradict sometimes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Chronic Disease , Nasal Polyps , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Rhinitis , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Sinusitis , Diagnosis , Epidemiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 511-513, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301433

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effect and the influence factors after endoscopic surgery for chronic sinusitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 337 patients with chronic sinusitis treated by endoscopic surgery were analyzed, including gender, age, culture level, course of the disease, the days of hospitalization, medical history, smoking, drinking, early surgery history, allergic rhinitis (AR) history, clinical classification, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, nasal endoscopy score, nasal polyps, CT examination score, side, nasal adhesion and postoperative follow-up compliance. The clinical effect of endoscopic sinus surgery was evaluated 6 months after operation according to the 1997 Haikou standard. SPSS 18.0 software and conducted chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three hundred and thirty-seven chronic sinusitis patients were followed up after endoscopic surgery. It was found that 298 cases (88.4%) cured, 29 cases (8.6%) improved, 10 cases (3.0%) invalid. The clinical curative effect of the patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyp was better than that of the patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp, the difference was statistically significant (χ(2) = 10.932, P < 0.01). After many factors Logistic regression analysis, the most important effect factor in the clinical curative effect were clinical type, AR or not, VAS score, nasal endoscopic examination score, CT examination score, multiple nasal polyp or not, postoperative nasal adhesion or not and postoperative follow-up compliance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical effective of endoscopic sinus surgery is influenced by not only surgery itself, but also by clinical classification, whether and not with AR and so on.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Logistic Models , Nasal Polyps , Paranasal Sinuses , General Surgery , Rhinitis , Epidemiology , General Surgery , Sinusitis , Epidemiology , General Surgery
11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 480-482, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395035

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between methylenetetra hydrofolate reduetase (MTHFR) C677T genotypo and unstable angina pectoris(UA) in Chinese population. Methods The study consisted of 90 UA cases (UA group), and an age- and sex- matched healthy control cases (control group, n = 90). PC R-RFLP was used to analyze polymorphism of the MTHFR C677T genotypo. The relationship between MTHFR C677T genotype and UA was observed. Results MTHFR 677C→T mutation was found in 30 of 90 patients with unstable angina pectoris (33.33%) and in 15 of 90 control subjects (16.67%). This difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion MTHFR 677C→T mutation is closely related to the unstable angina poctoris.

12.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 280-282, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330930

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the changes of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) expression in residual hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), the expression levels of VEGF and bFGF expression in specimens surgically removed from 48 HCC patients were detected by immunohistochemical methods, and staining intensity of VEGF and bFGF was assessed by a computer-assisted image-analyzer. Among the 48 patients, 25 underwent partial hepatectomy alone (single operating group), and 23 were subjected to second stage surgical resection after TACE (TACE group). The results showed that the average absorbance value (A) of VEGF was higher in TACE group than that in single operating group (0.152 +/- 0.021 vs 0.131 +/- 0.012, P < 0.01). The Average A of bF-GF in TACE group was 0.127 +/- 0.023, higher than in single operating group (0.111 +/- 0.016, P < 0.05). These results suggested that TACE of HCC can up-regulate the expression of VEGF and bFGF in HCC tissues possibly due to anoxia and ischemia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemistry , Pathology , Therapeutics , Catheterization, Peripheral , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Cycloleucine , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Fluorouracil , Liver Neoplasms , Chemistry , Pathology , Therapeutics , Mitomycin , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 392-395, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330897

ABSTRACT

To clone the murine alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) gene, construct the eukaryotic expression vector of AFP and express in CHO cells, total RNA were extracted from Hepa 1-6 cells, and then the murine alpha-fetoprotein gene was amplified by RT-PCR and cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1. The recombinant of vector was identified by restriction enzyme analysis and sequencing. After transient transfection of CHO cells with the vector, Western blotting was used to detect the expression of AFP. It is concluded that the 1.8 kb murine alpha-fetoprotein gene was successfully cloned and its eukaryotic expression vector was successfully constructed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Humans , Mice , CHO Cells , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Eukaryotic Cells , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection , alpha-Fetoproteins , Genetics
14.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559688

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone the murine ?-fetoprotein gene,construct the DNA vaccine of mouse AFP and to observe the specific cellular immunologic responses and the anti-tumor responses in mice induced by this vaccine.Methods The murine AFP gene was amplified by RT-PCR from total RNA extracted from Hepa1-6 cells and cloned into the vector pcDNA3.1 to construct pmAFP.The DNA vaccine was identified by restriction enzyme analysis,sequencing and expression.EL-4(mAFP) was developed by stable transfection of EL-4 cells with pmAFP.Mice immunized with DNA vaccine by intramuscular injection were inoculated with EL-4(mAFP) cells at back to observe the inhibitory effect of the immunization on tumor.The frequency of cells producing IFN-? in splenocytes harvested from the immunized mice was measured by ELISPOT.Blood samples were collected from the immunized mice to check the functions of liver and kidney.Results The murine AFP gene was successfully cloned by RT-PCR.DNA vaccine was successfully constructed.The expression of mAFP mRNA in EL-4(mAFP) was confirmed by RT-PCR.The tumor volume in pmAFP vaccine group(1 042.42?123.71 mm~(3)) was significantly smaller than that of other groups(P

15.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 392-5, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634065

ABSTRACT

To clone the murine alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) gene, construct the eukaryotic expression vector of AFP and express in CHO cells, total RNA were extracted from Hepa 1-6 cells, and then the murine alpha-fetoprotein gene was amplified by RT-PCR and cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1. The recombinant of vector was identified by restriction enzyme analysis and sequencing. After transient transfection of CHO cells with the vector, Western blotting was used to detect the expression of AFP. It is concluded that the 1.8 kb murine alpha-fetoprotein gene was successfully cloned and its eukaryotic expression vector was successfully constructed.


Subject(s)
Cricetinae , CHO Cells , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Eukaryotic Cells/metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection , alpha-Fetoproteins/biosynthesis , alpha-Fetoproteins/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530810

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the changes of the subsets and HLA-DR expression of dendritic cells and their concerning cytokine levels in peripheral blood of patients with breast cancer.METHODS:The subsets of the precussors of dendritic cells(pDC)in the peripheral blood of 57 cases of patients with breast cancer before operation and a week or six months after operation and 20 cases of healthy controls were analyzed by four-color FCM.The levels of IL-12p40,IL-10,IFN-? and IL-4 in the plasmas were tested by ELISA.RESULTS:Among 57 cases of patients with breast cancer,2 cases in Ⅲ phase and 4 cases in Ⅳphase expressed deficiency of pDC,the ratios of pDC1/pDC2 in the other cases inⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ phase were respectively 1.62?0.59,1.41?0.63,0.91?0.32,0.81?0.29 before operation,which were markedly lower than those in controls(1.94?0.44).The ratios of pDC1/pDC2 in the cases inⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ phase were 1.71?0.47,1.52?0.54,1.04?0.36 a week after operation,which were the same as those in pre-operation,but markedly lower than those in controls.The ratios of pDC1/pDC2 in the cases inⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ phase were 1.92?0.72,1.63?0.65,1.28?0.34 six months after operation,which were markedly higher than those in pre-operation,meanwhile,to compare with controls,those were still lower for patients in Ⅱ,Ⅲ phase except in Ⅰphase.No difference between patients and controls in the expression of HLA-DR of pDCs and the levels of IL-12p40,IL-10,IFN-?,IL-4 in plasmas and the ratios of IL-12p40/IL-10,IFN-?/IL-4 was observed.CONCLUSION:The ratios of pDC1/pDC2 in peripheral blood of patients with breast cancer inⅠ-Ⅳ phase are decreased.Parts of patients in Ⅲ,Ⅳ phase are deficiency of pDCs.HLA-DR expression of DCs and the ability of DCs which secret the concerning cytokines do not change as pDC subsets change.pDC subsets improve markedly inⅡ,Ⅲ phase patients and recover to the normal level inⅠphase patients after operation.

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