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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 346-351, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245079

ABSTRACT

A series of novel 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole derivatives were designed and synthesized, furthermore, their inhibition effect on acetylcholinesterase were investigated. 2-Amino-4-phenylthiazoles were prepared from alpha-bromoacetophenones by Hantzsch reaction, acylation reaction and substitution reaction. Moreover, their bioactivities as AChE inhibitors in vitro were measured with Ellman spectrophotometry. The results showed that most of them had a certain inhibition activity on AChE, and the compound 8a was the best of them. The IC50 of 8a to AChE is 3.54 micromol x L(-1), and the value was better than that of rivastigmine. 2-Amino-4-phenylthiazole derivatives showed a certain bioactivity in vitro, which were worth further investigation.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Metabolism , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Design , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Molecular Structure , Thiazoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 813-818, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245010

ABSTRACT

N-Acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines were designed and synthesized, moreover their effects on acetylcholinesterase activities were tested. N-Acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines were prepared from substituted 2-bromo-1-acetophenones by three steps reaction, and their AChE inhibitory activities were measured by Ellman method in vitro. The results showed that the target compounds had a certain inhibitory activity on AChE in vitro. Among them, 8c was the best, and IC50 of 8c was 0.51 micromol x L(-1), better than that of rivastigmine and Huperzine-A. The inhibitory activities of N-acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines on acetylcholinesterase are worth while to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Metabolism , Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Amines , Pharmacology , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Drug Design , Rivastigmine , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes , Pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Thiazoles , Pharmacology
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1289-1295, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299137

ABSTRACT

A series of novel N-acyl-thiochromenothiazol-2-amine derivatives were designed and synthesized, furthermore, their inhibition effect on acetylcholinesterase was investigated. N-Acyl-thiochromenothiazol-2-amines were prepared from thiophenol by Hantzsch reaction, acylation reaction and substitution reaction. Moreover, their bioactivities as AChE inhibitors in vitro were measured with Ellman spectrophotometry. The results showed that most of them had a certain inhibition activity on AChE, and the compound 10a was the best in them. The IC50 of 10a to AChE is 7.92 μmol x L(-1), and the value is better than that of rivastigmine. N-Acyl-thiochromenothiazol-2-amine derivatives showed a certain bioactivity in vitro, which were worth further investigation.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Metabolism , Amines , Pharmacology , Benzopyrans , Pharmacology , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Rivastigmine , Structure-Activity Relationship , Thiazoles , Pharmacology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 748-752, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method to determine underivatized endogenous amino acids in brain tissues after cerebral ischemia based on RRLC-QQQ.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Diamonsil chromatographic column C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) was adopted to determine 12 amino acids in 15 min, with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid for gradient elution. The flow rate was set at 0.5 mL x min(-1). With ESI as the ion source, positive ion scanning mode was adopted for multi-reaction monitoring.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Each amino acid standard curve (AAs) showed good linear relationship within the detection range (r > 0.996), with the limit of detection of less than 11%, the limit of quantitation of less than 3.09 microg x L(-1). The RSD of intra- and inter-day precisions at high, middle and low concentrations were less than 11%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The determination results of actual samples showed that compared with the levels of AAs of the sham operation group, all of the remaining amino acids apart from N-acetyl-aspartate increased in brain tissues. Some amino acids showed significant changes in a time-dependent manner after the operation. The method is so simple, rapid and sensitive that it can be used for finding biological metabolite markers of cerebral ischemia, and exploring cerebral ischemia molecular mechanisms and synergistic mechanism of combined administration of multi-component traditional Chinese medicines.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Amino Acids , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 614-618, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276271

ABSTRACT

Substituted phenols as the starting materials were transformed into substituted chromanones by substitution reaction and cyclization reaction, and then 3-(hydroxymethylene)chroman-4-ones were synthesized from substituted chromanones by condensation reaction; at last, the target compounds were synthesized from 3-(hydroxymethylene)chroman-4-ones by chlorination reaction. Their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and MS. The antifungal activity of the target compounds in vitro was measured by consecutive double dilution, and the result of antifungal experiment indicated that the target compounds had good antifungal action on most fungi tested in vitro. The MIC value of compounds 4c, 4e, 4g and 4h on M. gypseum is 1 microg x mL(-1), better than fluconazole and amphotericin B.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Fungi , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Structure , Structure-Activity Relationship
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2519-2523, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263895

ABSTRACT

Metabolomics is an emerging discipline subsequent to genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, aiming for systematically studying the regularity of changes in metabolite to revealing organism's nature of movement and metabolism. It is especially important in modern pharmacological studies. Metabolic fingerprinting analysis is a method for metabolic analysis on high throughput of all metabolites, studying changes in drugs, organisms and endogenic metabolites caused by drugs and finding out related biomarkers to reflect dynamic changes inside organisms more directly and explain the mechanism of drugs and their effects on diseases. This essay summarizes some new metabolic fingerprint analytical methods and data processing methods used for metabolic fingerprint, elaborates their advantages and disadvantages and looks ahead to their combination with studies on traditional Chinese medicines, providing room for the development of new methods and new approaches for studies on complexity theory system of traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Methods , Metabolomics , Methods , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 204-207, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301114

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the chromatographic behavior of cetirizine dihydrochloride on the proteinate- and amylose- based chiral stationary phases so as to optimizate the chromatographic condition of its enantiomers separation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>When using amylose-based, alpha1-acid glycoprotein and ovomucoid protein chiral stationary phase, the mobile phase was hexane-isopropyl alcohol-alcohol-trifluoroacetic acid (430:45:25:1), acetonitrile-10 mmol x L(-1) phosphate buffer solution (adjusted to pH 7.0 with sodium hydroxide) (4:96) and acetonitrile-20 mmol x L(-1) KH, PO4 solution (adjusted to pH 7.0 with triethylamine) (12.7:87.3), respectively. The temperature of proteinate column was 25 degrees C. The detective wavelength was 230 nm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The two enantiomers could be separated on the two kinds of chiral stationary phases without derivatization and the resolution was above 2.0. The methods developed on the two kinds of chiral stationary phases are accurate, sensitive and specific.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the proteinate- and amylose-based chiral stationary phases can be used to separate the enantiomers of cetirizine.</p>


Subject(s)
Amylose , Cetirizine , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Orosomucoid , Stereoisomerism
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