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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 7, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152749

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of a new formulation of a fixed dose combination of glucosamine sulfate (GS; 1500 mg) and bovine chondroitin sulfate (CS; 1200 mg) versus the reference product (RP) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: In this multicenter, randomized, single-blind trial, 627 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)—Kellgren-Lawrence grades 2 or 3 and mean score ≥ 40 mm in the WOMAC pain subscale—were randomized to receive GS/ CS or the RP for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the absolute change in WOMAC pain subscale score. The secondary endpoints included the following: WOMAC total and subscale scores, overall assessment of the disease by the patient and the investigator, SF-12 score, OMERACT-OARSI response rate to the treatment, and rescue medication use. Results: Mean reductions of WOMAC pain score were - 35.1 (sd = 23.2) mm in the GS/CS group and - 36.5 (sd = 24.9) mm in the RP group. The difference between the adjusted means of both treatments confirmed the noninferiority of GS/CS versus the RP. Improvement was observed in pain, stiffness, physical function and total WOMAC score, as well as in overall OA assessment by the patient and the investigator for both groups. No improvement was observed in SF-12. The rate of OMERACT-OARSI responders was 89.4% in GS/CS group and 87.9% in the RP group. Headache and changes in glucose tolerance were the most frequent treatment-related adverse events. Conclusions: The new formulation of a fixed-dose combination of glucosamine sulfate and bovine chondroitin sulfate was non-inferior to the RP in symptomatic treatment of knee OA, with a high responder rate and good tolerability profile. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; Registration number NCT02830919; Date of registration: July 13, 2016; First randomization date: December 05, 2016).(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chondroitin/therapeutic use , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Drug Combinations , Glucosamine/therapeutic use , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome
2.
RBM rev. bras. med ; 57(1/2): 16-: 22-: 24-18, 22, 24, jan.-fev. 2000. tab
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-319183

ABSTRACT

A dengue hemorrágica/síndrome do choque da dengue (DH/SCD) é uma arbovirose de notificaçäo compulsória provocada por um vírus da família Flavovirae que apresenta quatro subtipos. É transmitida principalmente pelo mosquito Aedes aegypti. Ela se caracteriza por uma febre alta de início repentino, trombocitopenia, hemoconcentraçäo, exudaçäo de plasma, tendência ao choque e às manifestaçöes hemorrágicas. Outros sintomas como artralgia, mialgia e dor retrocular também podem ocorrer. Sua principal hipótese de ocorrência é uma reinfecçäo por um vírus, heteróloga, ou seja, é uma infecçäo secundária por um vírus diferente da primeira infecçäo. Atinge principalmente crianças, asiáticos e caucasianos e é endêmica em alguns países do mundo, principalmente no sudeste asiático. Pode, na ocorrência de choque, levar ao óbito entre 12 a 24 horas. Por isso, o diagnóstico rápido e preciso é indispensável, consistindo basicamente na anamnese, exame físico e exames laboratoriais como o hemograma. Na clínica, devem ser observados sinais de aumento da permeabilidade vascular. No choque pode ocorrer bradicardia. O trratamento se dá basicamente através da infusäo de soro e a prevençäo deve ser feita, principalmente combatendo o mosquito (com a eliminaçäo de criadouros, pulverizaçöes, uso de larvicidas) e através de vacinas; contudo estas ainda estäo em estudo.(au)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dengue , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Severe Dengue/epidemiology , Severe Dengue/etiology , Severe Dengue/physiopathology , Severe Dengue/prevention & control , Severe Dengue/therapy
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