Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 68
Filter
1.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Mar; 68(3): 510-512
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197840

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To describe the outcome of microscope integrated optical coherence tomography (MiOCT) guided removal of lenticulo-corneal adhesion and intralenticular lens aspiration (ILLA) in cases with anterior dislocation of the crystalline lens and corneal edema. Methods: MiOCT-guided ILLA was performed in three eyes of two cases of homocystinuria with spontaneous anterior dislocation of lens and corneal edema. Lenticulo-corneal adhesion was noted intraoperatively, which was not apparent pre-operatively. The lenticulo-corneal adhesion could be successfully peeled using intravitreal forceps and viscodissection with visco-dispersive viscoelastic under the guidance of MiOCT. Results: In all cases, the lenticulo-corneal adhesion could be successfully removed without any complication such as Descemet tear or worsening in corneal edema. Improvement in visual acuity was noted in all cases with resolution in corneal edema by 1 week. Conclusion: MiOCT-guided ILLA can be extremely useful in cases of lenticulo-corneal adhesion especially in cases with corneal edema.

2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Jan; 68(1): 232-233
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197775

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of Pseudomonas stutzeri endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent individual along with the review of the literature. A 39-year-old healthy lady presented with sudden painful loss of vision in her right eye. She was diagnosed with postcataract surgery acute endophthalmitis and underwent vitrectomy, intraocular lens explantation and intravitreal antibiotics. P. stutzeri was isolated from vitreous. Though the infection was controlled, the anatomy of the eye could not be salvaged and the right eye became phthisical. P. stutzeri is a rare cause of endophthalmitis with usually poor outcomes.

4.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Jan; 68(1): 141-144
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197727

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess the ability of multicolour imaging (MCI) to detect foveal cysts in diabetic macular edema (DME) and compare it with conventional color fundus photography (CFP) and foveal autofluorescence (FAF) pattern. Methods: It was a retrospective review of 112 eyes of 84 DME patients with central foveal thickness ?250 ? who underwent MCI, CFP and shortwave autofluorescence imaging. MCI was performed with Sepctralis spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany). Results: 97 (86.6%) eyes had cystoid increased autofluorescence (cystoid iFAF), 9 (8%) had spot iFAF and 6 (5.35%) had irregular decreased FAF (dFAF). Among eyes with cystoid iFAF, OCT detected DME cysts in 93 (95.6%) eyes, MCI in 75 (77.3%) and CFP in 5 (5.15%) eyes. In all these eyes, the location of cysts on OCT and MCI corresponded with the location of cystoid iFAF, whereas none of the eyes with cyst seen on CFP correlated with the location of cystoid iFAF. Conclusion: MCI was superior to CFP in detecting DME cysts at fovea. It also correlated with hyperautofluorescence pattern in these eyes. MCI may have a potential role in diabetic retinopathy screening by segregating eyes with DME which would require treatment. Our findings need to be further validated in a larger and prospective study design.

6.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Oct; 67(10): 1678-1683
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197538

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To describe treatment outcomes of eyes with pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) with PDT and anti-(vascular endothelial growth factor) VEGF therapy. Methods: Retrospective interventional case series. Records of six consecutive cases of PNV were reviewed. Four cases were treated with PDT+ inj ranibizumab. Two cases underwent only PDT. Final visual outcomes and functional outcome including macular status and choroidal thickness were assessed. Results: We analysed six eyes of six patients with PNV. There were four males and two females. Mean age of the patients was 56.5 years. Mean duration of follow up was 8.2 months. All patients received reduced fluence PDT. Four patients received ranibizumab along with PDT; mean BCVA at presentation was 0.41 log MAR units and mean BCVA at final follow up was 0.44 log MAR units. There was significant improvement at final follow up (P = 0.03). Mean subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) at presentation was 445 microns and mean SFCT at final follow up was 293 microns. There was a significant reduction at final follow up (P = 0.02). Conclusion: PDT with or without ranibizumab appears to be an effective treatment modality for PNV.

7.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Sep; 67(9): 1470-1471
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197478
9.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Jul; 67(7): 1167-1168
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197371
10.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Jul; 67(7): 1105-1108
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197349

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine the effect of ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFFA)-guided targeted retinal photocoagulation (TRP) in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) with macular edema after intravitreal Ranibizumab (RBZ). Methods: 33 eyes of 32 treatment naïve patients diagnosed as BRVO with macular edema were prospectively randomized to 0.5 mg Ranibizumab only (RBZ group) (n = 17) or Ranibizumab with UWFFA-guided laser (RBZ + TRP group) (n = 16). Both groups received three injections at monthly intervals and PRN henceforth. RBZ + TRP group additionally underwent UWFFA-guided TRP of peripheral capillary nonperfusion areas 1 week post injection. Outcome measures included improvement in visual acuity, central subfoveal thickness (CST), and the number of injections required with a minimum follow-up of 9 months. Results: Both groups showed significant improvement in mean BCVA (25.7 ± 8.19 letters, P < 0.001 vs. 23.38 ± 7.56 letters, P < 0.001; in RBZ and RBZ + TRP group, respectively) and reduction in mean central subfoveal thickness (379.12 ± 242.7 ?m, P < 0.001 vs. 253.75 ± 137.9 ?m, P < 0.001 in RBZ and RBZ + TRP group, respectively) at 9 months. The number of injections in the RBZ group (5.76 ± 1.3) was significantly greater than RBZ + TRP (4.06 ± 0.99) (P < 0.001). Both groups had significant improvement in contrast sensitivity and mean deviation on visual fields; however, the difference between the groups was not significant (P = 0.62 and P = 0.79, respectively). Conclusion: UWFFA-guided TRP reduced the number of injections of Ranibizumab in patients having BRVO with macular edema, while maintaining similar benefits in the improvement of BCVA, central subfoveal thickness without deleterious effect on the visual field, and contrast sensitivity.

12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-191977

ABSTRACT

Introduction: World Health Organization in 2015 had adopted “End TB Strategy” aimed at ending the global TB epidemic by 2035. Tobacco smoking has been reported to be associated with many aspects of TB disease, including increased vulnerability to being infected, recurrence with TB and related mortality. Aims & Objectives: To determine effect of smoking on treatment outcomes of tuberculosis patients at the end of six months of standardized tuberculosis treatment. Material & Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out among newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients of Shimla city of India. Data related to smoking status was collected using the standard questionnaire which was used for collection of data regarding tobacco use in Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Details of the participant’s final treatment outcomes after end of standardized treatment of 6 months was collected from the treatment records of the patients available in the office of district TB center. Results: 72 TB patients were included as study subjects. The prevalence of smoking came out to be 37.5% (95% CI: 26.4-49.7). In our analyses, the risk of unfavorable treatment outcomes was higher among smokers (p value 0.049), Smokeless tobacco users (p value 0.031) and those with history of harmful alcohol use (p value 0.002). Conclusions: Smoking and smokeless tobacco cessation programs need to be targeted at Tuberculosis patients.

13.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Apr; 67(4): 566-568
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197207

ABSTRACT

Acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) is a deep retinal ischemic manifestation. It has been reported after the use of sympathomimetics, childbirth, bee sting, oral contraceptives, flu-like illness, intravenous contrast agents and bodily trauma not directly involving the eyes. We report a case of AMN following blunt ocular trauma. An 18-year-old male presented with an acute history of blurring of vision following blunt trauma to the right eye. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) showed hyperreflectivity of the outer nuclear layer with ellipsoid layer disruption. This report highlights AMN as a manifestation of blunt trauma, presence of which may be an indicator of poor visual prognosis.

14.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Mar; 67(3): 412-414
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-197165

ABSTRACT

Interpretation of optic disc cupping and neuroretinal rim is challenging in myopic eyes because of large, shallow, and tilted disc, myopic crescent, and macular degeneration. Color and red-free optic disc photographs do not reveal the cup/disc ratio often in myopic eyes. We report characteristics of multicolor optic disc photography in three myopic eyes. All eyes underwent multicolor imaging Spectralis SDOCT system (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany). Owing to use of three laser lights in a confocal design, multicolor optic disc photography was able to delineate the neuroretinal rim and optic cup more clearly than color and red-free optic disc photographs.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL