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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 292-296, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287810


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To analyze abdominal drain on the first postoperative day and evaluate its predictive nature for the diagnosis of Pancreatic Fistula exclusion, seeking to establish a cutoff point from which lower values demonstrate safety in excluding the possibility of this complication. METHODS: From August 2017 to June 2020, data from 48 patients undergoing pancreatic resection were collected and analyzed from a prospective cohort. The patients were divided into two groups, one group consisting of patients who did not develop PF (Group A), and the other composed of patients who developed PF (Group B). The receiver operation characteristic curve was constructed, and cutoff points were evaluated by calculating sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: Group A brought 30 patients together (62.5%) and Group B brought 18 patients together (37.5%). The 444 U/L value was the most satisfactory cutoff point for the receiver operation characteristic curve (CI 0.690-0.941), with a sensitivity of 94.4% and a specificity of 60%, thus being able to select 18 of 30 patients who did not succumb to PF. CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal drain on the first postoperative day can be used as a predictive factor in the diagnosis of PF exclusion (CI 0.690-0.941), with the value of 444 U/L being the best performance cutoff point.

Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Pancreatic Fistula/diagnosis , Pancreatic Fistula/etiology , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Drainage , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Amylases
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 268-281, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886268


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the behavior of arterial circulation and testicular volume in patients submitted to conventional inguinal hernia repair without the use of a synthetic prosthesis to reinforce the posterior wall. Methods: A prospective observational clinical trial was performed on 26 male patients with unilateral inguinal hernia types I and II by the Nyhus classification, who underwent surgical correction using the modified Bassini technique. Bilateral Doppler ultrasonography was performed preoperatively, at the third and at the sixth postoperative month. The studied variables were: systolic peak velocity (SPV), diastolic peak velocity (DPV), resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) and testicular volume. Results: There were no statistically significant changes over time in the variables studied on the operated side: SPV (p = 0.916), DPV (p = 0.304), RI (p = 0.879), PI (p = 0.475), and testicular volume (p = 0.100). The variables on the control side also did not change statistically until the sixth postoperative month: SPV (p = 0.784), DPV (p = 0.446), RI (p = 0.672), PI (p = 0.607), and testicular volume (p = 0.413). Conclusion: Surgical correction of the inguinal hernia without the use of a prosthesis does not cause alterations in vascularization and testicular volume in the first six months postoperatively.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Testis/anatomy & histology , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Testis/blood supply , Testis/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging
Acta cir. bras ; 32(8): 673-679, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886232


Abstract Purpose: To analyze the use of this sponge in pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective study, including 35 pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation, divided into two groups according to the use of the sponge: 18 patients in Group A (no sponge) and 17 in Group B (with sponge). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. We observed greater number of reoperation due to bleeding in the wound area in Group A (10 patients - 55.5%) than in Group B (3 patients - 17.6%); p = 0.035. The median volume of red blood cells transfused in Group A was significantly higher (73.4 ± 102.38 mL/kg) than that in Group B (35.1 ± 41.67 mL/kg); p = 0.048. Regarding bile leak there was no statistical difference. Conclusion: The use of the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge, required lower volume of red blood cell transfusion and presented lower reoperation rates due to bleeding in the wound area.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Fibrinogen/therapeutic use , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Thrombin/therapeutic use , Surgical Sponges , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hemostasis, Surgical/methods , Reoperation , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery
Acta cir. bras ; 31(12): 783-792, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837654


ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To describe an animal model for acute liver failure by intraperitoneal d-galactosamine injections in rats and to define when is the best time to intervene through King's College and Clichy´s criteria evaluation. METHODS: Sixty-one Wistar female rats were distributed into three groups: group 1 (11 rats received 1.4 g/kg of d-galactosamine intraperitoneally and were observed until they died); group 2 (44 rats received a dose of 1.4 g/kg of d-galactosamine and blood and histological samples were collected for analysis at 12 , 24, 48 , 72 and 120 hours after the injection); and the control group as well (6 rats) . RESULTS: Twelve hours after applying d-galactosamine, AST/ALT, bilirubin, factor V, PT and INR were already altered. The peak was reached at 48 hours. INR > 6.5 was found 12 hours after the injection and factor V < 30% after 24 hours. All the laboratory variables presented statistical differences, except urea (p = 0.758). There were statistical differences among all the histological variables analyzed. CONCLUSION: King's College and Clichy´s criteria were fulfilled 12 hours after the d-galactosamine injection and this time may represent the best time to intervene in this acute liver failure animal model.

Animals , Female , Rats , Liver Failure, Acute/chemically induced , Galactosamine , Time Factors , Rats, Wistar , Liver Failure, Acute/pathology , Liver Failure, Acute/therapy , Apoptosis/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Liver/pathology
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(2): 93-96, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787893


ABSTRACT Background: The solid pseudopapillary neoplasm is a rare tumor of the pancreas. However, it´s etiology still maintain discussions. Aim: To analyze it´s clinical data, diagnosis and treatment. Methods: A retrospective study of medical records of all patients treated from January 1997 until July 2015. Results: Were identified 17 cases. Most patients were women (94.11%) and the average age was 32.88 years. The main complaint was abdominal mass (47.05%). The most frequent location was in the body/tail of the pancreas (72.22%) and the most frequently performed surgery was distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (64.70%). No patient had metastases at diagnosis. Conservative surgery for pancreatic parenchyma was performed in only three cases. The rate of complications in the postoperative period was 35.29% and the main complication was pancreatic fistula (29.41%). No patient underwent adjuvant treatment. Conclusions: The treatment is surgical and the most common clinical presentation is abdominal mass. Distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy was the most frequently performed surgery for its treatment.

RESUMO Racional: A neoplasia sólida pseudopapilar é tumor raro de pâncreas de tratamento cirúrgico. No entanto, sua causa ainda gera discussões. Objetivo: Analisar os dados clínicos, do diagnóstico e do tratamento da dessa neoplasia. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com dados médicos de pacientes tratados entre janeiro de 1997 a julho de 2015. Resultados: Foram identificados 17 casos. A maioria era de mulheres (94,11%) e a média de idade foi de 32,88 anos. A principal queixa era massa abdominal (47,05%). A localização mais frequente era no corpo/cauda do pâncreas (72,22%) e a operação mais realizada foi a pancreatectomia corpocaudal com esplenectomia (64,70%). Nenhum caso apresentou metástase no momento do diagnóstico. Operação conservadora de parênquima pancreático foi realizada em apenas três casos. A taxa de complicações no pós-operatório foi de 35,29% e a principal complicação foi fístula pancreática (29,41%). Nenhum paciente realizou adjuvância no seguimento. Conclusões: A mais comum apresentação clínica da neoplasia sólida pseudopapilar é de massa abdominal. Ela é de tratamento cirúrgico e pancreatectomia corpocaudal com esplenectomia é o procedimento mais realizado para seu tratamento.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(3): 347-351, July-Sep. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761955


Objective To determine the overall survival of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and evaluate factors that impact prognosis in a private cancer center.Methods Data from the Hospital Cancer Registry at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein were retrospectively collected. The patients enrolled had metastatic cancer at diagnosis or earlier staging and subsequent recurrence. Cases of neuroendocrine tumors were excluded.Results A total of 65 patients were evaluated, including 63 with adenocarcinoma. The median overall survival for patients in all stages was 20.7 months (95%CI: 15.6-25.7), while the overall survival of metastatic disease was 13.3 months. Among the 33 cases with stage IV cancer, there was no evidence of a statistically significant association between median survival and CA19-9 dosage (p=0.212), tumor location (p=0.482), first treatment performed (p=0.337), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.286), and age (p=0.152). However, the number of lines of chemotherapy was significantly associated with survival (log-rank p=0.013), with an estimated median survival of 10.2 months for patients who received up to two lines of treatment and 23.5 months for those receiving more than two lines of chemotherapy.Conclusion The survival of patients treated was longer than that reported in the literature. The only statistically significant factor related to increased survival was higher number of lines of chemotherapy received. We believe that the higher socioeconomic status of patients surveyed in this study, as well as their greater access to treatment options, may have influenced their overall survival.

Objetivo Determinar a sobrevida global dos pacientes com câncer pancreático avançado e avaliar fatores com impacto prognóstico em um centro de câncer privado.Métodos Foram coletados retrospectivamente os dados do Registro de Câncer do Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Os pacientes incluídos apresentaram câncer metastático ao diagnóstico ou em estádio mais precoce com recorrência subsequente. Os casos de tumores neuroendócrinos foram excluídos.Resultados Foram avaliados 65 pacientes, incluindo 63 com adenocarcinoma. A sobrevida global mediana dos pacientes em todos os estádios foi 20,7 meses (IC95%: 15,6-25,7), enquanto a sobrevida global de doença metastática foi de 13,3 meses. Entre os 33 casos com câncer em estádio IV, não houve evidência de associação estatisticamente significativa entre a sobrevida mediana e CA19-9 ao diagnóstico (p=0,212), localização do tumor (p=0,482), primeiro tratamento realizado (p=0,337), invasão vasculo-linfática (p=0,286) e idade (p=0,152). No entanto, o número de linhas de quimioterapia foi significativamente associado com a sobrevida (log-rankp=0,013), com uma sobrevida mediana estimada de 10,2 meses para os pacientes que receberam até duas linhas de tratamento e de 23,5 meses para os que receberam mais de duas linhas.Conclusão A sobrevida dos pacientes tratados foi maior do que o relatado na literatura. O único fator estatisticamente significativo relacionado à maior sobrevida foi maior número de linhas de quimioterapia recebidas. Acreditamos que o nível socioeconômico dos pacientes pesquisados neste estudo, assim como seu maior acesso a opções de tratamento, pode ter influenciado em sua sobrevivência global.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Pancreatic Neoplasms/mortality , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/secondary , Brazil , Combined Modality Therapy/methods , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Karnofsky Performance Status/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasm Staging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/secondary , Retrospective Studies , Socioeconomic Factors , Survival Analysis , Time Factors
Acta cir. bras ; 30(1): 34-45, 01/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735704


PURPOSE: To evaluate the protective effects of chilling the bile ducts with cold (5°C) 5% glucose solution (GS) during radiofrequency (RF) administration. METHODS: Twenty male pigs (3 mos. old; 25-30 kg) were subjected to RF delivery with chilling (experimental group, N=10) or without chilling (control group, N=10). Half of the animals in each group were euthanized immediately after the operation, and half were euthanized one week later. The following histological variables in relation to the bile ducts were evaluated by a pathologist (blind examiner): degenerative changes to the epithelium; epithelial necrosis; ulceration, regenerative changes of the epithelium; polymorphonuclear neutrophil infiltration; and thermal effects. RESULTS: The experimental group (88 bile ducts examined) showed reduced thermal damage relative to the control group (86 bile ducts examined) as demonstrated by significant differences in the following histopathological parameters: epithelial detachment of biliary epithelium (84.1% vs. 59.3%; p<0.006); elongation/palisade arrangement of nuclei (65.1% vs. 87.5%; p<0.001); pseudo-goblet cells (32.9% vs. 56.8%; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Infusion of 5% glucose solution (5°C) has a protective effect on bile ducts subjected to heat (95-110°C, 12 min) from radiofrequency thermal ablation device. .

Animals , Male , Bile Ducts/injuries , Burns/prevention & control , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Cryotherapy/methods , Glucose/pharmacology , Liver/surgery , Bile Duct Diseases/prevention & control , Bile Ducts/pathology , Burns/etiology , Catheter Ablation/methods , Hot Temperature/adverse effects , Perfusion , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Swine , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 27(2): 126-132, Jul-Sep/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-713578


BACKGROUND: Gallbladder carcinoma presents a dismal prognosis. Choice treatment is surgical resection that is associated a high levels of both morbidity and mortality. Best knowledgement of prognostic factors may result a better selection of patients either for surgical or multimodal treatment. AIM: To evaluate tecidual immunoexpression of P53, E-cadherin, Cox-2, and EGFR proteins and to correlate these findings with resected gallbladder adenocarcinoma survival. METHODS: Clinical, laboratorial, surgical, and anatomopathological reports of a series of gallbladder adenocarcinoma patients were collected by individualized questionary. Total sample was 42 patients. Median of age was 72 years (35-87). There were seven men and 35 women. Lesion distribuition in according TNM state was the following: T1 (n=2), T2 (n=5), T3 (n=31), T4 (n=4). Twenty-three patients underwent radical resection (R0), while 19 palliative surgery (R1-R2). A block of tissue microarray with neoplasic tissue of each patient was confected. It was performed evaluation of P53, E-Caderine, COX-2, and EGFR proteins imunoexpression. These findings were correlated with overall survival. RESULTS: Five-year survival was 28%. The median of global survival was eight months. Only immunoexpression of EGFR protein was considered independent variable at multivariated analysis. CONCLUSION: Final prognosis was influenced by over-expression of EGFR protein in tumoral tissue. .

RACIONAL: O carcinoma de vesícula biliar apresenta mau prognóstico. O tratamento de escolha é a ressecção cirúrgica que está associado à alta morbimortalidade. O melhor conhecimento de fatores prognósticos pode resultar em melhor seleção dos doentes para o tratamento cirúrgico e multimodal. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a imunoexpressão tecidual das proteínas P53, E-caderina, Cox-2 e EGFR e correlacionar com a sobrevida do adenocarcinoma de vesícula biliar ressecado. MÉTODO: Os dados clínicos, laboratoriais, cirúrgicos e anatomopatológicos de uma série de doentes operados por adenocarcinoma de vesicula biliar foram coletados. A casuística total foi de 42 doentes. A mediana de idade foi de 72 anos (35-87). Foram sete homens e 35 mulheres. A distribuição da lesão de acordo com TNM foi a seguinte: T1 (n=2), T2 (n=5), T3 (n=31), T4 (n=4). Vinte três doentes realizaram ressecção radical (R0) enquanto 19 operação paliativa (R1-R2). Um bloco de tissue microarray foi confeccionado com tecido neoplásico de cada doente. para avaliação da imunoexpressão das proteínas P53, E-Caderina, COX-2 e EGFR. Esses achados foram correlacionados com prognóstico final dos doentes. RESULTADOS: A sobrevida estimada em cinco anos foi de 28%. A mediana de sobrevida global foi de oito meses. Apenas a imunoexpressão da proteína EGFR foi considerada variável independente no prognóstico dos doentes. CONCLUSÃO: Pior prognóstico teve relação com a imunoexpressão aumentada da proteína EGFR no tecido tumoral. .

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Gallbladder Neoplasms/immunology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Cadherins/biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , Gallbladder Neoplasms/mortality , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , ErbB Receptors/biosynthesis , Survival Rate , /biosynthesis
Arq. gastroenterol ; 51(2): 113-117, Apr-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-713587


Context The occurrence of severe dysphagia after laparoscopic total fundoplication is currently an important factor associated with loss of quality of life in patients undergoing this modality of treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Objectives Compare the incidence and evaluate the causes of severe postoperative dysphagia in patients undergoing laparoscopic total fundoplication (LTF) without short gastric vessels division, using the anterior gastric wall (Rossetti LTF) or anterior and posterior gastric walls (Nissen LTF). Methods Analysis of the data of 289 patients submitted to LTF without short gastric vessels division from January 2004 to January 2012, with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. Patients were divided in Group 1 (Rossetti LTF – n = 160) and Group 2 (Nissen LTF – n = 129). Results The overall incidence of severe postoperative dysphagia was 3.11% (4.37% in group 1 and 1.55% in group 2; P = 0.169). The need for surgical treatment of dysphagia was 2.5% in group 1 and 0.78% in group 2 (= 0.264). Distortions of the fundoplication were identified as possible causes of the dysphagia in all patients taken to redo fundoplication after Rossetti LTF. No wrap distortion was seen in redo fundoplication after Nissen LTF. Conclusions The overall incidence of severe postoperative dysphagia did not differ on the reported techniques. Only Rossetti LTF was associated with structural distortion of the fundoplication that could justify the dysphagia. .

Contexto A ocorrência de disfagia grave após fundoplicatura total laparoscópica representa atualmente um importante fator associado à perda da qualidade de vida em pacientes submetidos a esta modalidade de tratamento para doença do refluxo gastroesofágico. Objetivos Comparar a incidência e avaliar as possíveis causas da disfagia grave pós-operatória em pacientes submetidos à fundoplicatura total laparoscópica (FTL) sem liberação dos vasos gástricos curtos utilizando apenas a parede gástrica anterior (FTL à Rossetti) ou as paredes gástricas anterior e posterior (FTL à Nissen). Métodos Análise de dados de 289 pacientes submetidos à FTL sem liberação dos vasos gástricos curtos no período de janeiro de 2004 a janeiro de 2012, com acompanhamento mínimo de 6 meses. Os pacientes foram divididos em Grupo 1 (FTL à Rossetti – n = 160) e Grupo 2 (FTL à Nissen – n = 129). Resultados A incidência global de disfagia grave pós-operatória foi de 3,11%, sendo 4,37% no grupo 1 e 1,55% no grupo 2 (P = 0.169). A necessidade de tratamento cirúrgico da disfagia foi de 2,5% no grupo 1 e 0,78% no grupo 2 (P = 0.264). Em todos os pacientes reoperados após FTL à Rossetti foram observadas distorções das válvulas que podem responder pela ocorrência de disfagia, ao passo que no paciente submetido à reoperação após FTL à Nissen nenhuma alteração foi observada. Conclusões A incidência global de disfagia grave pós-operatória não apresentou diferença entre as duas técnicas relatadas. A FTL à Rossetti foi associada a distorções estruturais das válvulas que podem justificar a disfagia, fato não observado após FTL à Nissen. .

Humans , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Fundoplication/adverse effects , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Fundoplication/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors
Acta cir. bras ; 29(3): 171-177, 03/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703518


To compare the efficacy of different types of solutions (Belzer or Euro-Collins) for the preservation of rat pancreas during cold ischemia. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into three groups according to the perfusion or storage solution: Group E (perfusion and storage in Euro-Collins solution); Group B (perfusion and storage in Belzer solution) and Group BE (Perfusion in Belzer solution and storage in Euro-Collins solution). After perfusion, the pancreas was excised and stored at 4˚C for 18 hours. Amylase was measured at 6, 12 and 18h, and histological analysis of the pancreas was performed after 18h of cold storage. RESULTS: Amylase was elevated and comparable in Groups E and BE after 12 and 18 hours of ischemia (p<0.05). In the exocrine pancreas, histological differences in the amount of necrosis (p=0.049), lymphocytic infiltrate (p<0.001) and neutrophilic infiltrate (p=0.004) were observed, with more favorable features present in Group B. In the endocrine pancreas, Group B showed less edema (p<0.001), but other parameters were similar among all groups. CONCLUSION: The Euro-Collins solution is inferior to the Belzer solution for the preservation of rat pancreas during cold ischemia.

Animals , Ischemia/psychology , Pancreas/anatomy & histology , Pancreatitis/pathology , Rats/classification
Acta cir. bras ; 28(12): 807-814, Dec. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695963


PURPOSE: To evaluate of postoperative adhesion prevention and inflammatory response to polypropylene mesh, coated with reabsorbable hydrogel of polyethylene glycol (Coseal®) in contact with small bowel in an experimental model in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty female rabbits underwent laparotomy to implant two polypropylene meshes, 2x1cm, in the right and left flanks. The right mesh was protected with Coseal® spray (Group 1) and the left mesh received no treatment after implantation (Group 2). Thirty days after implantation, the rabbits underwent laparoscopy for adhesion analysis; the prosthesis were removed en bloc with the adjacent tissue for microscopic analysis of inflammation. Statistical analysis used the Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: There was adhesion formation in five meshes (36%) from Group 1 and in 14 meshes (100%) from Group 2, with statistical significance (p<0.01). There were no differences in the inflammatory response, fibrosis, foreign body reaction, presence of collagen and type of inflammatory cells between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Polypropylene mesh coated with Coseal® showed a significantly lower rate of adhesion formation when compared with uncoated meshes, without interfering with inflammatory response.

Animals , Female , Rabbits , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Polypropylenes/therapeutic use , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Collagen/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Fibrosis/pathology , Fibrosis/prevention & control , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Foreign-Body Reaction/prevention & control , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Laparoscopy , Materials Testing , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control
Acta cir. bras ; 28(8): 559-567, Aug. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680609


PURPOSE: To investigate if the ethyl-pyruvate solution could reduce mortality in AP and/or diminish the acute lung injury. METHODS: Forty male rats, weighing between 270 to 330 grams were operated. An experimental model of severe AP by injection of 0.1ml/100g of 2.5% sodium taurocholate into the bilio-pancreatic duct was utilized. The rats were divided into two groups of ten animals each: CT - control (treatment with 50ml/kg of Ringer's solution, intraperitoneal) and EP (treatment with 50ml/kg of Ringer ethyl- pyruvate solution, intra-peritoneal), three hours following AP induction. After six hours, a new infusion of the treatment solution was performed in each group. Two hours later, the animals were killed and the pulmonary parenchyma was resected for biomolecular analysis, consisting of: interleukin, myeloperoxidase, MDA, nitric oxide, metalloproteinases and heat shock protein. In the second part of the experiment, another, 20 rats were randomly divided into EP and CT groups, in order to evaluate a survival comparison between the two groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in IL-1B,IL-10, MMP-9, HSP70, nitric oxide, MPO, MDA (lipidic peroxidation) concerning both groups. The levels of IL-6 were significantly diminished in the EP group. Furthermore, the MMP-2 levels were also reduced in the EP group (p<0.05). The animals from the EP treatment groups had improved survival, when compared to control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The ethyl-pyruvate diminishes acute lung injury inflammatory response in acute pancreatitis and ameliorates survival when compared to control group, in the experimental model of necrotizing acute pancreatitis.

Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Cytokines/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/drug therapy , Pyruvates/pharmacology , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/enzymology , Disease Models, Animal , Immunoblotting , Isotonic Solutions/pharmacology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/mortality , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 39(5): 385-388, set.-out. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-656252


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados do Protocolo de Atendimento de pacientes com diagnóstico de pancreatite aguda grave. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados, consecutivamente, a partir de janeiro de 2002, idade, sexo, etiologia, tempo de internação, tipo de tratamento e mortalidade de 37 pacientes portadores de pancreatite aguda grave. RESULTADOS: A idade dos pacientes variou de 20 a 88 anos (média de 50 anos); 27% foram do sexo feminino e 73% do masculino. O tempo médio global de internação foi 47 dias. Treze pacientes foram tratados cirurgicamente; a média de operações realizadas foi duas por paciente. Ocorreram seis óbitos dentre os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico (46%) e dois óbitos no grupo submetido somente ao tratamento clínico (8,3%). A mortalidade global foi 21% CONCLUSÃO: Após a modificação na forma de abordagem dos pacientes com pancreatite aguda grave, houve diminuição da mortalidade e uma tendência para a conduta expectante.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of the Protocol for treatment of patients with severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We consecutively analyzed age, gender, etiology, length of hospital stay, type of treatment and mortality of 37 patients with severe acute pancreatitis from January 2002. RESULTS: The patients' ages ranged from 20 to 88 years (average 50 years), 27% were female and 73% male. Mean overall hospital stay was 47 days. Thirteen patients were treated surgically, the average operations per patient was two. There were six deaths among patients undergoing surgical treatment (46%) and two deaths in the group submitted to medical treatment alone (8.3%). The overall mortality was 21%. CONCLUSION: After modification in the form of management of patients with severe acute pancreatitis, there was a decrease in mortality and a trend for conservative management.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pancreatitis/therapy , Acute Disease , Severity of Illness Index
Acta cir. bras ; 27(6): 430-432, June 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626263


PURPOSE: To verify if titanium spiral tacks may contribute to intra-abdominal adhesion formation in rabbits. METHODS: Ten New Zealand white rabbits were used. Through videolaparoscopic surgery two titanium spiral tacks (ProTack®, Covidien®) were applied in the right flank. After 30 days the animals were submitted to evaluate peritoneal cavity by videolaparoscopy. RESULTS: No adhesion was found where the titanium spiral tacks were placed. CONCLUSION: Titanium spiral tacks for fixation do not cause adhesions in rabbits.

OBJETIVO: Verificar se grampos espirais de titânio podem contribuir para a formação de aderências intra-abdominais em coelhos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 10 coelhos albinos linhagem Nova Zelândia. Por meio de vídeo laparoscopia foram aplicados dois grampos metálicos espirais de titânio (ProTack®, Covidien®) na região do flanco direito. Após 30 dias, os animais foram submetidos à laparoscopia para avaliação da cavidade peritoneal. RESULTADOS: Não foi encontrada nenhuma aderência aos grampos aplicados. CONCLUSÃO: Os grampos em espiral de titânio para a fixação não causam aderências em coelhos.

Animals , Rabbits , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh , Titanium , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Abdominal Cavity , Laparoscopy/methods , Peritoneal Cavity , Postoperative Complications/etiology
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 25(1): 13-19, jan.-mar. 2012. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-622316


RACIONAL: A despeito da sua relativa raridade, o adenocarcinoma de vesícula biliar é neoplasia que apresenta comportamento biológico agressivo. O único tratamento curativo tem sido a ressecção cirúrgica radical com margem livre. Fatores prognósticos têm sido estudados por serem importantes para identificar pacientes que podem se beneficiar de ressecção cirúrgica agressiva. OBJETIVO: Avaliar preditores prognósticos em longo prazo de pacientes com câncer da vesícula biliar. MÉTODOS: Foram identificados e retrospectivamente revisados os prontuários médicos de todos os doentes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico que apresentavam diagnóstico histológico confirmado de adenocarcinoma de vesícula biliar durante período de 14 anos. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística uni e multivariada. RESULTADOS: A amostra total foi de 100 doentes. A mediana de idade foi de 71 anos (34 a 93). Houve 17 mulheres e 83 homens. A distribuição das lesões de acordo com o sistema de estadiamento TNM foi: I (n=22), II (n=59), III (n=6), IV (n=4) e desconhecido (n=9). Cinquenta e dois doentes foram submetidos à ressecção radical (R0) enquanto 48 à cirurgia paliativa (R1-R2). A morbidade global foi de 14% enquanto que a mortalidade pós-operatória (até 30º dia do pós-operatório) foi de 12 %. A taxa de sobrevida em cinco anos foi de 28% enquanto a mediana de sobrevida foi de 10 meses. A análise multivariada identificou seis fatores prognósticos: estádio T, nível sérico de CA 19.9, perfuração da vesícula biliar, embolização linfática, coorte cirúrgico histórico e linfadenectomia hilar. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento do câncer de vesícula biliar apresenta alta morbimortalidade. Os fatores prognósticos foram: estádio T, nível sérico de CA 19.9, perfuração da vesícula biliar, embolização linfática, coorte cirúrgico histórico e linfadenectomia hilar.

BACKGROUND: In spite its relative rarity, gallbladder adenocarcinoma is a neoplasm who presents an aggressive biologic behavior. The single curative treatment has been radical surgical resection with free margin. Prognostic factors has been studied because are very important to identify long-term survival patients which may benefit of aggressive surgical resection. AIM: To evaluate long-term prognostic predictors from gallbladder cancer. METHODS: The medical records of all patients that presented confirmed histological diagnosis of gallbladder adenocarcinoma operated over a 14 year period were identified and retrospectively reviewed. Uni and multivariate analysis was done. RESULTS: Total sample was 100 patients. Median age was 71 years (34 to 93). There were 17 men and 83 women. Lesion distribution according to TNM stage system was: I (n=22), II (n=59), III (n=6), IV (n=4) and unknown (n=9). Fifty two patients underwent radical resection (R0) while 48 to palliative surgery (R1-R2). Overall major morbidity was 14%, while postoperative surgical mortality rate (30th postoperative day) was 12 %. Five-year survival rate was 28% while median of survival was 10 months. Multivariate analysis identified six prognostic factors: T stage, serum level of CA 19.9, gallbladder perforation, lymphatic embolization, surgical historical cohort (after 2002) and hilar lymphadenectomy. CONCLUSION: Prognostic factors were: T stage, serum level of CA 19.9, gallbladder perforation, lymphatic embolization, surgical historical cohort and hilar lymphadenectomy.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/mortality , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Brazil , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Time Factors
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 8(4)Oct.-Dec. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-571973


Objective: To determine the expression of p53, p16 and Ki-67 and its relevance in survival and cell differentiation. Methods: Fifteen duodenopancreatectomized patients were included. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, p16 and Ki-67 was determined in paraffin embedded tumor blocks. The relation of these expressions with different variables was studied. Results: Ninetythree per cent of tumors showed expression of p53 and p16. Ki- 67 was expressed in 86.66% of tumors (labeling index plus or minus LI 11.91 ± 9.47). The presence of combined alterations was not related to significant differences in tumor type, stage or survival; similar results were obtained analyzing isolated expressions. When groups of p16 and Ki-67 expressions where created, the median survival was not significant. However, there was a slightly better survival in patientswith focal expression of p16 (median survival 20.75 versus 14.34), when compared to patients with diffuse expression. Conclusion: The overexpression of p53, p16 and Ki-67 was not related to survival or tumor grade, when comparing isolated or combined expressions.

Objetivo: Determinar a expressão de p53, p16 e Ki-67 e sua relevância na sobrevida e diferenciação celular. Métodos: Foram incluídos 15 pacientes submetidos a duodenopancreatectomia. A expressão imunohistoquímica de p53, p16 e Ki-67 foi determinada em blocos tumorais embebidos em parafina. Foi estudada a relação dessas expressões com as variáveis. Resultados: Noventa e três por cento dos tumores apresentaram expressão de p53 e p16. Ki-67 estava expresso em 86,66% dos tumores (índice proliferativo mais ou menos IP 11,91 ± 9,47). A presença de alterações combinadas não estava relacionada a diferenças significativas no tipo tumoral, no estágio ou na sobrevida; resultados semelhantes foram obtidos com a análise de expressões isoladas. Quando foram criados os grupos de expressões de p16 e Ki-67, a sobrevida mediana não era significativa. Entretanto, havia uma sobrevida discretamente melhor nos pacientes com expressão focal do p16 (sobrevida mediana 20,75 versus 14,34) em comparação com pacientes com expressão difusa. Conclusão: A superexpressão das proteínas p53, p16 e Ki-67 não estava relacionada à sobrevida ou ao grau tumoral quando se compararam as expressões isoladas ou combinadas.

Humans , Male , Cell Cycle Proteins , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Survival , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Acta cir. bras ; 25(5): 449-454, Sept.-Oct. 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-558733


PURPOSE: To compare the effect of parenteral versus enteral nutritional support in severe acute pancreatitis, with respect to efficacy, safety, morbidity, mortality and length of hospitalization. METHODS: The study was comprised of 31 patients, divided into a parenteral group (n=16) and an enteral group (n=15), who met severity criteria for abdominal tomography (Balthazar classes C, D, and E). The patients were compared by demographics, disease etiology, antibiotic prophylaxis, use or not of somatostatin, nutritional support, complications and disease progression. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in the average duration of nutritional support, somatostatin, or antibiotics in the two groups. Imipenem was the drug of choice for prophylaxis of pancreatic infections in both groups. More complications occurred in the parenteral group, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.10). Infectious complications, such as catheter sepsis and infections of the pancreatic tissue, were significantly more frequent in the parenteral group (p=0.006). There was no difference in average length of hospitalization in the two groups. There were three deaths in the parenteral group and none in the enteral group. CONCLUSION: Enteral nutritional support is associated with fewer septic complications compared to parenteral nutritional support.

OBJETIVO: Comparar o efeito do suporte nutricional parenteral versus enteral, em pancreatite aguda grave, com relação à eficácia, à segurança, à morbi-mortalidade e ao tempo de internação. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 31 pacientes distribuídos em grupo parenteral (n=16), no período de 1995 a 1998 e grupo enteral (n=15), no período de 1999 a 2002, que preencheram os critérios de gravidade pela tomografia de abdome (Balthazar C,D,E). Os pacientes foram comparados quanto aos dados demográficos, etiologia, antibioticoprofilaxia, somatostatina, suporte nutricional, complicações e evolução. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos pacientes era Balthazar E, principalmente no grupo enteral, porém sem significado estatístico (p=0,21). Também não houve diferença estatística nos dois grupos em relação ao tempo médio de uso de suporte nutricional, somatostatina e antibiótico. O imipenem foi a droga de escolha para profilaxia da infecção pancreática nos dois grupos. Houve mais complicações gerais no grupo parenteral, sem significado estatístico (p=0,10). As complicações infecciosas do tipo sépsis do cateter e infecção do tecido pancreático foram mais frequentes no grupo parenteral, com significância estatística (p=0,06). Não houve diferença na média de internação nos dois grupos. Houve três óbitos no grupo parenteral e nenhum no enteral. CONCLUSÃO: O suporte nutricional enteral está associado à menor taxa de complicações sépticas do que o parenteral.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enteral Nutrition , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Parenteral Nutrition , Pancreatitis/therapy , Acute Disease , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Enteral Nutrition/mortality , Parenteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Parenteral Nutrition/mortality
Acta cir. bras ; 25(3): 249-256, May-June 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-546830


PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the detection of biliary complications in liver transplanted patients. METHODS: A study was conducted, with blinded review of 28 MRCP exams of 24 patients submitted to liver transplantation. The images were reviewed by two independent observers, at two different moments, regarding the degree of biliary tree visualization and the presence or absence of biliary complications. The MRCP results were compared, when negative, to at least 3 months of clinical and biochemical follow-up, and when positive, to the findings at surgery or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). RESULTS: The degree of intrahepatic biliary tree visualization was considered good or excellent in 78.6 percent and 82.1 percent of the exams by the two observers and visualization of the donor duct, recipient duct and biliary anastomosis was considered good or excellent in 100 percent of the exams, by both observers. Six biliary complications were detected (21.4 percent), all of them anastomotic strictures. Intra and interobserver agreement were substantial or almost perfect (kappa k values of 0.611 to 0.804) for the visualization of the biliary tree and almost perfect (k values of 0.900 to 1.000) for the detection of biliary complications. MRCP achieved 100 percent sensitivity, 95.45 percent specificity, 85.7 percent positive predictive value and 100 percent negative predictive value for the detection of biliary complications. CONCLUSIONS: MRCP is an accurate examination for the detection of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation and it is a highly reproducible method in the evaluation of the biliary tree of liver transplanted patients.

OBJETIVO: Medir a acurácia e reprodutibilidade da colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética (CPRM) na avaliação da visibilização de complicações biliares em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos ortotópicos. MÉTODOS: Realizado estudo retrospectivo de 28 exames de CPRM de 24 pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos. Os exames foram interpretados por dois observadores independentes, em dois momentos distintos, quanto ao grau de visibilização das estruturas estudadas e quanto à presença ou ausência de alterações nas vias biliares. Os resultados da CPRM foram comparados, nos casos de CPRM negativa, à evolução clínico-laboratorial por pelo menos 3 meses e, nos casos de CPRM alterada, aos achados de colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) e cirurgia, quando indicados. RESULTADOS: A visibilização das vias biliares intra-hepáticas foi considerada boa ou excelente em 78,6 por cento e 82,1 por cento dos exames pelos dois observadores. A visibilização da via biliar extra-hepática do doador e do receptor, bem como da anastomose biliar, foi considerada boa ou excelente em 100 por cento dos casos por ambos os observadores. Foram detectadas seis complicações biliares (21,4 por cento dos casos), todas elas estenoses anastomóticas. A concordância intra e intra-observador foi substancial ou quase perfeita (índices de kappa- k de 0,611 a 0,804) para a visualização das estruturas estudadas e quase perfeita (k de 0,900 a 1,000) para a detecção das complicações biliares. A CPRM apresentou sensibilidade de 100 por cento, especificidade de 95,45 por cento, valor preditivo positivo de 85,7 por cento e valor preditivo negativo de 100 por cento para a detecção de complicações biliares. CONCLUSÕES: A colangiopancreatografia por ressonância magnética (CPRM) é um exame acurado para a detecção de complicações biliares em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos ortotópicos por CPRM. Este exame configura-se como um método eficiente ...

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bile Duct Diseases/diagnosis , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , False Negative Reactions , False Positive Reactions , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Young Adult
Rev. chil. cir ; 62(1): 59-64, feb. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-561864


The conventional techniques of pancreatic resections, most of the time imply in the withdrawal of ex-tensive segments of pancreatic parenchyma, having as possible complications at the long time, the appearance of endocrine or exocrine insufficience. The central pancreatectomy consists in an alternative of pancreatic resection to resect benign or low grade malignant tumours located in the pancreatic isthmus. We present the clinical characteristics, image, and the surgical technique used, for withdraw of pancreatic isthmus nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm and pancreatic serous cystic adenoma.

Las técnicas convencionales de resección pancreática para el tratamiento de enfermedades neoplásicas, en la mayoría de las veces implican la extirpación de segmentos extensos del parénquima pancreático, existiendo como eventuales complicaciones a largo plazo, el surgimiento de insuficiencia pancreática endocrina o exocrina. La pancreatectomía central se constituye en una alternativa de resección pancreática, que limita esta resección solamente al sector comprometido, especialmente en las neoplasias benignas o de bajo grado de malignidad. Presentamos las características clínicas, de imagen y la técnica empleada en dos pacientes, para el tratamiento quirúrgico de un tumor endocrino no funcionante y de un cistoadenoma seroso, localizados en el cuello del páncreas, mediante la pancreatectomía central.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/surgery , Cystadenoma, Serous/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/diagnosis , Cystadenoma, Serous/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis