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1.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200110, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135276

ABSTRACT

We aimed to investigate the association of CD14 -260C/T (rs2569190) polymorphism and Chagas cardiomyopathy and the functional characteristics of CD14+ and CD14- monocytes upon infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. We observed an association between the T- genotype (absence of allele -260T) related to low CD14 expression and the dilated cardiomyopathy type of Chagas disease. Furthermore, we observed that CD14- monocytes showed a more activated profile upon in vitro infection with T. cruzi than CD14+ monocytes. Our findings suggest that T- genotype is associated with susceptibility to develop Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy, likely linked to the T. cruzi-induced inflammatory profile of CD14- monocytes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/genetics , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/genetics , Trypanosoma cruzi , Chagas Disease , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Genotype , Heart Failure
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180529, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012507

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Dental composites release unreacted resin monomers into the oral environment, even after polymerization. Periodontal cells are, therefore, exposed to substances that potentially elicit the immune inflammatory response. The underlying molecular mechanisms associated with the interaction between resin monomers and human immune cells found in the gingival crevicular fluid are not fully understood yet. This study investigated the ability of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (BISGMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) to induce apoptosis and cytokine release by human leukocytes stimulated with a periodontal pathogen. Methodology: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 healthy individuals were included in this study. To determine the toxicity, the PBMC were incubated for 20 hours, with monomers, for the analysis of cell viability using MTT assay. To evaluate cell death in the populations of monocytes and lymphocytes, they were exposed to sub-lethal doses of each monomer and of heat-inactivated Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) for 5 hours. Secretions of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA after 20 hours. Results: UDMA and TEGDMA induced apoptosis after a short-time exposure. Bacterial challenge induced significant production of IL-1β and TNF-α (p<0.05). TEGDMA reduced the bacterial-induced release of IL-1β and TNF-α, whereas UDMA reduced IL-1β release (p<0.05). These monomers did not affect IL-10 and IL-6 secretion. BISGMA did not significantly interfere in cytokine release. Conclusions: These results show that resin monomers are toxic to PBMC in a dose-dependent manner, and may influence the local immune inflammatory response and tissue damage mechanisms via regulation of bacterial-induced IL-1β and TNF-α secretion by PBMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/pharmacology , Polyurethanes/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/physiology , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Necrosis
3.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(1): 5-9, Jan. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772601

ABSTRACT

The mechanisms involved in the symptoms of Sydenham’s chorea (SC) remain obscure. Taking into account the autoreactive antibody-mediated hypothesis of SC pathogenesis, the persistence of chorea may be associated with increased levels of B1 lymphocytes and other lymphocyte subsets. We evaluated lymphocyte subsets, including B1 and T cells, in patients with remitted (RSC) and persistent (PSC) SC by flow cytometry. Our results showed neither difference in the frequency of T and B lymphocytes subpopulations nor in their activation and functional states. These findings undermine the view of PSC as a sustained cytotoxic cellular-mediated condition. Alternative mechanisms may explain the pathogenesis of PSC.


Os mecanismos subjacentes aos sintomas da coreia de Sydenham (CS) permanecem desconhecidos. Considerando-se a hipótese de que a patogênese da CS é mediada por anticorpos autorreativos, a persistência da coreia está provavelmente associada a níveis aumentados de linfócitos B1 e outros subtipos de linfócitos. No presente trabalho, foram avaliados subtipos de linfócitos B e T em pacientes com CS em remissão (CSR) e persistente (CSP), por citometria de fluxo. Nossos resultados demonstraram que não há diferença na frequência das subpopulações de linfócitos T e B circulantes e no perfil de ativação e estado funcional dessas células. Esses resultados enfraquecem a hipótese de que a CSP seja uma condição imune sustentada mediada por células citotóxicas. São necessários estudos que investiguem mecanismos alternativos que expliquem a patogênese da CSP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Autoimmunity/physiology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Chorea/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Lymphocyte Count , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology
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