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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225232, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354773

ABSTRACT

Aim: The objective of this study was to describe a case series concerning internal bleaching of anterior traumatized teeth that underwent regenerative endodontic procedures (REP). Methods: Seven non-vital maxillary anterior teeth discolored after regenerative endodontic procedures were included and divided into two groups according to the medication protocol used in the REP: (1) Triple antibiotic paste (TAP) group (n=4); (2) Calcium hydroxide and 2% chlorhexidine gel (HC+CHX) (n=3). The bleaching technique used was walking bleach, where sodium perborate associated with distilled water was used. Bleaching agent was replaced weekly until the darkened tooth was slightly lighter than the adjacent tooth. The color was recorded with the aid of a digital spectrophotometer in two moments (T1: prior the first session of bleaching, T2: fourteen days after the last session of bleaching). The change in color after the procedure (ΔE) was calculated and reported in a descriptive analysis. Results: The ΔE for all teeth showed color differences exceeding the perceptibility threshold (ΔE > 3.7). Both groups showed similar ΔE (TAP: 18.3 ± 11.5; HC+CHX: 14 ± 11.2) at the end of the treatment. The average number of sessions needed to achieve satisfactory results was 1.7 ± 0.6 for HC+CHX group and 2.3 ± 0.5 for TAP group. Conclusion: Internal bleaching with sodium perborate associated with distilled water is effective in treating discolored teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Discoloration , Regenerative Endodontics
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211194, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253930

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ethanol-conditioned dentin on endodontic sealer penetration into dentinal tubules by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Methods: Forty human maxillary anterior teeth were instrumented and divided into four groups (n = 10) according to the drying methods: 1) wet: vacuum only, 2) paper points: vacuum + absorbent paper points, (3) 70% ethanol: 70% ethanol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points, and (4) 100% ethanol: 100% ethanol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points. All root canals were filled with resin-based endodontic sealer. Four sections from each third (cervical, middle, and apical) were examined by CLSM. Root canal wall perimeter infiltrated by sealer, maximum depth of sealer penetration, percentage of penetrated area, and fluorescence intensity of rhodamine B were measured. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). Results: No statistical difference was found when percentage of root canal wall coverage infiltrated by sealer were compared. The groups in which ethanol solutions were used presented greater depth of sealer penetration, higher percentage of penetrated area, and higher fluorescence intensity of rhodamine B (p< 0.05) when compared with the wet and paper point groups. Overall, 100% ethanol produced better results than 70% ethanol, except for rhodamine B intensity (cervical third). In addition, the absorbent paper points drying method behaved better than did vacuum only group, except for rhodamine B intensity (apical third). Conclusion: Ethanol-conditioned dentin improved the penetration of resin-based sealer into dentinal tubules, especially at the concentration of 100%


Subject(s)
Humans , Wettability , Microscopy, Confocal , Resin Cements , Dentin , Ethanol , Endodontics
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(12): e00015920, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350420

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dental trauma in Brazilian children and adolescents. A systematic review was conducted considering eight databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS, BBO, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Open Access Theses and Dissertations, and OpenThesis. Only prevalence studies that used a probabilistic sampling method were included, without restriction on year or language of publication. The JBI critical appraisal tools for prevalence studies were used to assess the individual risk of bias. The individual studies were combined in the meta-analysis using the random-effects model. The heterogeneity between the studies was analyzed by Cochran's Q and the I-square statistics. A meta-regression analysis was performed to evaluate the sources of heterogeneity. The GRADE approach assessed the certainty of evidence across included studies. The search resulted in 2,069 records, of which 36 were included in the study. The eligible studies were published from 2000 to 2021, with a total sample of 40,194 children and adolescents. Most studies (75%) had a low risk of bias. In permanent teeth, the prevalence of dental trauma was 21% (95%CI: 16.0; 26.0) and in deciduous teeth; 35% (95%CI: 26.0; 44.0). The prevalence of dental trauma among boys was higher than among girls for both dentitions. Based on a low certainty, the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian children and adolescents is higher than that found worldwide both in deciduous and permanent teeth. Also, the prevalence of dental trauma among boys is higher than among girls.


Resumo: O estudo buscou investigar a prevalência de trauma dentário em crianças e adolescentes brasileiros. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática em oito bases de dados: MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS, BBO, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Open Access Theses and Dissertations e OpenThesis. Foram incluídos apenas estudos de prevalência que usavam métodos de amostragem probabilística, sem limitação de ano ou idioma de publicação. Para avaliar o risco individual de viés, foram utilizadas as ferramentas de avaliação crítica da JBI para estudos de prevalência. Os estudos individuais foram combinados na metanálise com o uso do modelo de efeitos aleatórios. A heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi analisada pelas estatísticas Q de Cochran e I-quadrado. A análise de metarregressão foi realizada para avaliar as fontes de heterogeneidade. A abordagem GRADE avaliou a certeza das evidências entre os estudos incluídos. A busca resultou em 2.069 registros, dos quais 36 foram incluídos no estudo. Os estudos elegíveis foram publicados entre 2000 e 2021, com uma amostra total de 40.194 crianças e adolescentes. A maioria dos estudos (75%) teve baixo risco de viés. Nos dentes permanentes, a prevalência de trauma dentário foi de 21% (IC95%: 16,0; 26,0) e nos dentes decíduos foi de 35% (IC95%: 26,0; 44,0). A prevalência de trauma dentário foi mais alta no sexo masculino que no feminino, para ambas as dentições. Com base na baixa certeza, a prevalência das lesões dentárias traumáticas em crianças e adolescentes brasileiros é mais alta que no resto do mundo, tanto nos dentes decíduos quanto nos permanentes. Além disso, a prevalência de trauma dentário é mais alta em meninos que em meninas.


Resumen: Este estudio tuvo como meta investigar la prevalencia de trauma dental en niños y adolescentes brasileños. Se realizó una revisión sistemática considerando ocho bases de datos: MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS, BBO, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Open Access Theses and Dissertations y OpenThesis. Solamente se incluyeron estudios de prevalencia que usaron un método de muestreo probabilístico, sin restricción sobre el año o lengua de publicación. Se usó las herramientas de evaluación crítica del JBI para estudios de prevalencia studies para evaluar el riesgo individual de sesgo. Los estudios individuales se combinaron en metaanálisis, usando un modelo de efectos aleatorios. La heterogeneidad entre los estudios se analizó mediante las estadísticas de Cochran Q e I-cuadrado. Se realizó un análisis de meta-regresión para evaluar las fuentes de heterogeneidad. El enfoque GRADE evaluó la certidumbre de evidencia a través de los estudios incluidos. La búsqueda resultó en 2.069 registros, de los cuales treinta y seis se incluyeron en el estudio. Los estudios elegibles se publicaron entre 2000 y 2021, con una muestra total de 40.194 niños y adolescentes. La mayoría de los estudios (75%) tenían un bajo riesgo de sesgo. En los dientes permanentes la prevalencia de trauma dental fue 21% (IC95%: 16,0; 26,0) y en los dientes deciduos la prevalencia de trauma dental fue 35% (IC95%: 26,0; 44,0). La prevalencia trauma dental entre niños fue más alta que entre niñas en ambas denticiones. Basado en una baja certidumbre, la prevalencia de lesiones traumáticas dentales en niños y adolescentes brasileños es más alta que la encontrada en el resto del mundo, tanto en dientes deciduos como en dientes permanentes. Asimismo, la prevalencia de trauma dental entre niños es más alta que entre niñas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Bibliometrics , Dentition, Permanent , Brazil/epidemiology , Bias , Prevalence
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e077, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278594

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the physicochemical, biological, and antimicrobial properties of a new hydraulic calcium silicate-based modified material, and compared it with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. The materials were assessed regarding color luminosity (L), color change, radiopacity, setting time, and ISO 6876:2012 linear flow. Volumetric filling and volume change were evaluated using microcomputed-tomography (µCT). Chemical characterization after 28 days in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) and pH analysis were also assessed. Biological characterization of cytotoxicity and microbiological assessment were also undertaken. Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA, Levene and post hoc analyses with Bonferroni correction were performed, adopting a 5% significance level (p <0.05). Bio-C Pulpo exhibited the highest L values after 90 days. All tested materials demonstrated color change during the analyses, and had radiopacity above 5 mm Al. MTA Repair HP set faster than Bio-C Pulpo, whereas the latter had the highest linear flow. MTA Repair HP had the highest volumetric filling in µCT analysis. Bio-C Pulpo showed the highest alkalinity during all tested periods, and the highest volumetric loss (above 9%), in comparison with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. Bio-C Pulpo did not form calcium hydroxide after hydration. MTA Repair HP demonstrated the highest cytocompatibility, and Bio-C Pulpo, the highest cytotoxicity. No inhibition halos were observed for any material, and similar higher turbidity values were seen after direct contact. Composition additives used in Bio-C Pulpo modified its properties, and both the absence of calcium hydroxide deposition after hydration, and the related cytotoxicity of this material are of particular concern.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Materials Testing , Calcium , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Drug Combinations
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e201109, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177474

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus outbreak (2019) represents a public health emergency of global concern. Several measures have been taken to minimise the risk of infection among the population, including social distancing, working from home, closure of non-essential activities since the detection of the first case in Brazil. This study describes the teaching experiences during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in a Brazilian School of Dentistry. The State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) was the first public university in Brazil to stop all the classroom activities on 13th of March 2020 due to COVID-19, followed by other universities. UNICAMP developed several initiatives and created a special support page for digital teaching, where it is possible to obtain guidance, support materials for teachers and a space for exchanging messages (e-mail and chat) for specific guidelines. UNICAMP has started lending computer equipment to undergraduate and graduate students according to socioeconomic criteria. Along with the equipment, 500 chips have been delivered with 10 GB of internet so that these students are able to access the network and carry out the remote activities related to their courses. In conclusion, quality education is the key-element in forming high-quality professionals that will in a near future provide health care for the community, be part in international research groups and become lecturers


Subject(s)
Coronavirus , SARS Virus , Dentistry , Infections
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200269, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134788

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tricalcium silicate-based cement are materials used in reparative and regenerative procedures in endodontics. A recently proposed formulation aimed to enhance handling during clinical use with a versatile material applicable by syringe. Although, the use of bismuth oxide as radiopacifier and grey raw powder are drawbacks considering aesthetics. Objectives Evaluate physicochemical, biological, and antimicrobial properties of Grey-MTAFlow (Ultradent) and assess whether the addition of zinc oxide (ZnO) prevents dentinal discoloration caused by bismuth oxide. Methodology Grey-MTAFlow was manipulated in 'thin' consistency for all tests. Luminosity, color change, ion migration to dentine, radiopacity, setting time, ISO 6876:2012 linear flow, volumetric lateral flow and central filling of simulated grooves scanned using micro-computed tomography (μCT), pH, calcium release, volumetric change using μCT, chemical characterisation, cytotoxicity, and antimicrobial activity were assessed. Addition of 5% ZnO to Grey-MTAFlow and a bismuth-containing experimental composition were comparatively tested. Statistical analyses used Shapiro-Wilk, T-test, ANOVA, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov (p<0.05). Results The addition of ZnO to Grey-MTAFlow prevented dentine darkening after 90 days due to bismuth migration reduction, although no statistical difference was found (p=0.863). ZnO addition significantly enhanced Grey-MTAFlow radiopacity without differences in initial setting time. Grey-MTAFlow presented an ISO linear flow of 10.9 mm and a balanced volumetric lateral flow with central filling in μCT evaluation. All compositions presented an alkaline pH after immersion. Grey-MTAFlow had a significantly higher calcium ion release after 28 days in comparison to 24 hours (p=0.011) and volumetric expansion of 0.4±1.8% after immersion. ZnO addition altered the hydrated cement matrix once calcium hydroxide (portlandite) could not be detected in characterisation. Neither of the materials produced inhibition halos nor reduced bacterial turbidity, but all presented cytocompatibility above 100%. Conclusion Grey-MTAFlow expanded after immersion and exhibited higher luminosity values after the evaluation period when ZnO was added, but chemical modifications after this addition occurred.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Dental Cements , Anti-Infective Agents , Oxides , Bismuth , Materials Testing , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Drug Combinations , X-Ray Microtomography
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e021, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001593

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of XP-Endo Finisher (XPF) associated with XP-Endo Shaper (XPS) or Reciproc Blue (RB) files in reducing bacterial load in oval-shaped root canals (RC) during chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using 0.9% saline solution (NaCl) or 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Eighty mandibular incisors with single oval-shaped RC were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. The teeth were randomly assigned to eight experimental groups (n = 10) according to the CMP, as follows: G1: XPS, G2: XPS + XPF, G3: RB, and G4: RB + XPF. CMP was performed with NaCl or NaOCl. The reduction of bacterial load was assessed by colony-forming unit count before (S1) and after (S2) CMP. Data normality was verified by using Shapiro-Wilk test. ANOVA, Tukey's test, and Bonferroni post-hoc test were used at a 5% significance level. Culturable bacteria were present in all S1 samples (p>0.05). All instrumentation techniques were effective in reducing bacterial load, irrespective of the irrigating solution (p < 0.05). With the use of NaCl, RB was more effective than XPS (p = 0.035). With the use of NaOCl, XPS and RB presented similar effectiveness (p = 0.779). XPF enhanced the bacterial reduction of both systems tested (p < 0.05). The use of NaOCl improved the CMP, irrespective of the instrumentation technique used (p < 0.05). In conclusion, XPS and RB files are effective in reducing bacterial levels in oval-shaped RC. The use of XPF as a method of agitation of the irrigating solution improved the cleaning efficiency of both file systems tested. Mechanical preparation performed with saline solution decreased culturable bacteria from the root canal, but antimicrobial substances such as NaOCl should be used to achieve a significantly better disinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Bacterial Load , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Materials Testing , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Disinfectants/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Incisor
8.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 66(4): 345-351, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-984917

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This retrospective study evaluated the demographic profile of patients and the clinical characteristics of dental emergencies in a brazilian university outpatient clinic. Methods: During the period from June 2013 to May 2014, data were collected from 1.345 clinical records. Chief complaint, gender, age, systemic alteration, clinical inspection of the affected tooth, pulp and periapical diagnosis, the type of procedure performed and whether there was the need for post-operative systemic medication. Data were analyzed using the SAS software and chi-square test was used to verify the presence or absence of statistical significance at a level of 5%. Results: Dental pain (53.3%) was the main reason why people attended the emergency service, that is, female patients (63.1%), aged 29-48 years old (42%), patients without systemic conditions (75%), and patients with decayed teeth (25%). In addition, involvement of lower molars (29.81%) and diagnosis of irreversible pulpitis (30.42%) were the most frequent findings. Emergency endodontic treatment (45.8%) was the most performed procedure. Irreversible pulpitis (30.4%) and pulp necrosis associated with acute apical periodontitis (21.9%) were the most frequent conditions requiring emergency endodontic treatment, and in most cases, there was no need for post-operative systemic medications (95.7%). Conclusion: The prevalence of endodontic emergencies during the period of one year emphasizes the need for more accurate diagnosis and the importance of providing this service to the population.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo retrospectivo avaliou o perfil demográfico dos pacientes e as características clínicas das urgências dentárias em um Serviço de Plantão de Urgências de uma Faculdade brasileira de Odontologia. Métodos: Durante o período de junho de 2013 a maio de 2014, os dados foram coletados de 1.345 registros clínicos, com informações sobre a queixa principal, gênero, idade, alteração sistêmica, inspeção clínica do dente afetado, diagnóstico pulpar e periapical, o tipo de procedimento realizado e se houve necessidade de medicação sistêmica pós-operatória. Os dados foram analisados usando o software SAS e o teste do qui-quadrado foi utilizado para verificar a presença ou ausência de significância estatística ao nível de 5%. Resultados: A dor dental (53,3%) foi a queixa principal mais encontrada. Pacientes do gênero feminino (63,1%), com idade entre 29-48 anos (42%), sem condições sistêmicas (75%) e com dentes cariados (25%) foram os mais prevalentes. Além disso, o envolvimento de molares inferiores (29,81%) e o diagnóstico de pulpite irreversível (30,42%) foram os achados mais frequentes. O tratamento endodôntico de urgência (45,8%) foi o procedimento mais realizado. A pulpite irreversível (30,4%) e a necrose pulpar associada a periodontite apical aguda (21,9%) foram as condições mais frequentes que necessitaram de tratamento endodôntico de urgência e, na maioria dos casos, não houve prescrição de medicamentos sistêmicos pós-operatórios (95,7%). Conclusão: A prevalência de urgências endodônticas durante o período de um ano enfatiza a necessidade de diagnósticos mais precisos e a importância de oferecer esse serviço à população.

9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e18924, 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-970500

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated the effect of a sonic device on the bonding of fiberglass posts cemented with a self-etching adhesive combined with conventional cement or a self-adhesive cement to root dentin. Methods: Forty single-rooted bovine incisors were endodontically prepared using a step-back technique. Gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer were used for root canal filling, combined with a thermoplasticization technique. After 1 week, the post space was prepared and the roots were divided into four groups according to the following factors: adhesive system/resin cement (Ambar/ AllCem Core [FGM] and RelyX U200 [3M]) and application mode (manual or sonic). The posts were cemented and the roots were cut into discs and submitted to push-out bond strength (POBS) test. The failure mode was evaluated using a stereoscope at 25x magnification. The data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test (α = 0.05). Results: The sonically activated RelyX U200 group was superior to the other groups. RelyX U200 manually applicated showed similar results to those of sonically activated Âmbar/AllCem. These three groups outperformed the Âmbar/AllCem manually applicated group. Adhesive failure between dentin and resin cement was the most predominant pattern. Conclusion: Sonic application of self-etching adhesive and self-adhesive cement improved the POBS of fiber posts to the root canal


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Pins , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dental Stress Analysis
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e33, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889462

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the influence of different ethanol concentrations on dentin roughness, surface free energy, and contact angle between AH Plus and the root canal dentin. One hundred human maxillary anterior teeth were split longitudinally and 200 dentin specimens were polished to make the surface flatter and smoother. An acrylic bar was positioned between two dentin specimens and impression material was added to create a block, simulating an instrumented root canal space. Specimens were removed from the mold and cleaned in an ultrasonic bath for 10 min. Thereafter, dentin specimens were divided into four groups (n = 50) according to the drying methods used: a) wet: vacuum only, b) paper points: vacuum + absorbent paper points, c) 70% alcohol: 70% alcohol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points, and d) 100% alcohol: 100% alcohol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points. A rugosimeter and a goniometer were used to verify the roughness (Ra) and to measure the surface free energy and the contact angle between the AH Plus sealer and the root canal dentin. ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05) were used for statistical analysis. The 70% and 100% ethanol groups showed significantly decreased roughness as well as increased surface free energy in the root canal dentin when compared to the wet and paper point groups. In addition, ethanol significantly reduced the contact angle between the AH Plus sealer and the root canal dentin. Ethanol solutions (70% and 100%) provide better wettability of AH Plus sealer on dentin surfaces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Ethanol/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Tooth Root/chemistry , Tooth Root/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/ultrastructure , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties/drug effects , Wettability
11.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(4): 227-231, July-Aug. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-902656

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Blood is a biological material with high potential of infectious transmission in dental environments, including herpes simplex, hepatitis and AIDS. Aim: To investigate the efficacy of luminol in detecting blood in endodontic files before and after the sterilization process. Material and method: Luminol was used to investigate the presence or absence of traces of blood tissue in 50 endodontic files, visible to naked eye or not, after performing endodontic treatment and after the cleaning/sterilization process. The results obtained were tabulated and statistically analyzed by using the Friedman's test at a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). Result: By naked eye, it was found that 31/50 files showed no trace of blood, 8/50 showed a slight presence of blood and 11/50 showed a considerable presence of blood after endodontic treatment. After the use of luminol, however, 16/50 endodontic files showed no trace of blood, 19/50 showed a slight presence of blood and 15/50 showed a considerable presence of blood. After the cleaning and sterilization process, no blood was detected in the files. Conclusion: It was concluded that the luminol solution is effective in detecting blood tissue in endodontic files as well as in validating the cleaning/sterilization process.


Introdução: Sangue é um material biológico com alto potencial de transmissão de infecção em ambientes odontológicos, incluindo herpes simples, hepatites e AIDS. Objetivo: Investigar a eficácia do luminol em detector sangue em limas endodônticas antes e após o processo de esterilização. Material e método: Luminol foi utilizado para investigar a presença ou ausência de vestígios tecido sanguíneo em 50 limas endodônticas, visíveis ou não à olho nu, após a realização do tratamento endodôntico e após o processo de limpeza/esterilização. Os resultados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados estatisticamente utilizando o teste de Friedman com nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). Resultado: A olho nú, foi observado que 31/50 limas não apresentaram vestígios de sangue, 8/50 apresentaram uma leve presença de sangue e 11/50 apresentaram uma presença considerável de sangue após o tratamento endodôntico. Após a utilização do luminol, entretanto, 16/50 limas endodônticas não apresentaram vestígios de sangue, 19/50 apresentaram uma leve presença de sangue e 15/50 apresentaram uma presença considerável de sangue. Após o processo de limpeza e esterilização não foi detectado sangue nas limas endodônticas. Conclusão: A solução de luminol é efetiva na detecção de tecido sanguíneo em limas endodônticas, validando o processo de limpeza/esterilização.


Subject(s)
Blood , Sterilization , Infection Control , Dental Clinics , Endodontics/instrumentation , Luminol , Therapeutics , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Hepatitis , Herpes Zoster
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(2): 201-205, mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839131

ABSTRACT

Abstract This clinical study aimed to evaluate the relationship of the delay between dental trauma and the initial attendance to the development of external inflammatory root resorption in permanent teeth affected by severe luxation. Sixty-seven patients, aged between 11 and 56 years, presenting 133 injured teeth with closed apex (56 extrusive luxation, 69 lateral luxation and 8 intrusive luxation) were followed up for a minimum of 24 months. The time elapsed between dental trauma and the initial attendance was recorded. The presence of necrotic pulp and external inflammatory resorption for each type of trauma was verified. Fisher’s exact test was used to verify the influence of the initial attendance date at the Dental Trauma Center and the development of inflammatory resorption (p<0.05). The odds ratio was used to check the risk of developing external inflammatory resorption due to delay in seeking treatment. Pulp necrosis was observed in 105 teeth (78.9%) and external inflammatory resorption was detected in 17.8% cases of extrusive luxation (10 teeth), 15.9% of lateral luxation (11 teeth) and 25% of intrusive luxation (2 teeth). For lateral luxation, extended delay between the date of injury and initial attendance influenced the occurrence of external inflammatory resorption (p=0.0174). Patients who began treatment 45 days after the injury were 3.4 times more likely to develop external inflammatory resorption than patients who sought treatment after the trauma. Treatment late after the occurrence of dental trauma can impair the prognosis and result in the development of external inflammatory resorption in luxated teeth.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo clínico foi avaliar a relação entre a demora na procura por tratamento e o desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em dentes luxados com ápice fechado. A amostra desta pesquisa foi constituída por 67 pacientes que apresentaram 133 dentes traumatizados, dos quais 56 foram acometidos por luxação extrusiva, 69 por luxação lateral e 8 por luxação intrusiva, proservados por no mínimo 24 meses. Foi registrado o tempo decorrido entre a data do trauma e o primeiro atendimento. Verificou-se a ocorrência de necrose pulpar e reabsorções inflamatórias externas em cada tipo de traumatismo. O Teste Exato de Fisher foi aplicado para verificar a influência da data do atendimento inicial e o desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em cada tipo de luxação e o teste de Odds Ratio foi aplicado para verificar o risco do desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em função da demora na procura por tratamento. Os resultados revelaram que a necrose pulpar foi verificada em 105 dentes luxados (78,9%) e a reabsorção inflamatória externa foi verificada em 17.8% das luxações extrusivas (10), sendo 15,9% das luxações laterais (11) e 25% das luxações intrusivas (2). A demora na procura por tratamento influenciou o desenvolvimento de reabsorções infamatórias externas nas luxações laterais (p=0,0174). Os pacientes que procuraram tratamento após 45 dias da data do trauma apresentaram 3,4 vezes mais chance de desenvolver reabsorção inflamatória externa do que os pacientes que procuraram tratamento logo após o traumatismo. Conclui-se que o tratamento tardio após a ocorrência do traumatismo pode prejudicar o prognóstico e favorecer o desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em dentes luxados com ápice fechado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , History, 17th Century , Young Adult , Inflammation/physiopathology , Root Resorption , Tooth Avulsion/physiopathology
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(4): 412-418, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794609

ABSTRACT

Abstract This clinical study investigated and quantified cultivable bacteria and their levels of endotoxins in persistent endodontic infection, determining their antigenicity against macrophages and fibroblast cells by IL-1β and TNF-α secretion and evaluating their relationship with clinical and radiographic features. Samples from the root canals were obtained after root filling removal. Culture techniques were used to determine the bacterial count and the endotoxins were determined by LAL-assay. PCR analysis (16S rDNA) was used for bacterial detection. Raw 264.5 macrophages and V79 fibroblast were stimulated with endodontic contents. ELISA assay measured the amounts of IL-1ß/TNF-?#61537; secretion. Bacteria and endotoxin medians were 1.24x105 CFU/mL and 9.62 EU/mL, respectively. Porphyromonas endodontalis was the most frequently detected species. Higher levels of endotoxins were found in teeth with pain on palpation (23.56 EU/mL) rather than in its absence (8.21 EU/mL). Larger areas of bone destruction were related to higher levels of endotoxins and IL-1β and TNF-α secretion. The study findings revealed the presence of Gram-negative bacteria species in persistent endodontic infection, with their endotoxins related to both severity of bone destruction and development of symptomatology. Moreover, larger areas of bone destruction were related to higher levels of IL-1β and TNF-α secreted by macrophages and fibroblast cells.


Resumo Este estudo clínico investigou e quantificou bactérias cultiváveis e seus níveis de endotoxinas na infecção endodôntica persistente, determinando a sua antigenicidade contra macrófagos e células de fibroblastos através de IL-1β e TNF-α; e avaliando sua relação com características clínicas e radiográficas. As amostras dos canais radiculares foram obtidas após a desobturação. Técnicas de cultura foram utilizadas para determinar a contagem de bactérias e a quantificação de endotoxinas foram determinadas por ensaio de LAL. Análise por PCR (16S rDNA) foi utilizada para a detecção bacteriana. Células 264,5 macrófagos e fibroblastos V79 foram estimuladas com conteúdo endodôntico. IL-1β e TNF-α produzidas pelas células avaliadas foram medidas por ensaio de ELISA. As medianas de bactérias e endotoxinas foram 1,24x105 UFC/mL e 9,62 EU/mL, respectivamente. Porphyromonas endodontalis foi a espécie mais frequentemente detectada. Níveis mais elevados de endotoxinas foram encontrados em dentes com dor à palpação (23,56 EU/mL) quando comparado a sua ausência (8,21 EU/mL). Maiores áreas de destruição óssea foram relacionados com níveis mais elevados de endotoxinas e IL-1β e TNF-α. O estudo revelou presença de espécies de bactérias Gram-negativas em infecção endodôntica persistente, com níveis elevados de endotoxinas relacionados a maior destruição óssea periapical e presença de sintomatologia. Além disso, grandes áreas de destruição óssea foram relacionados com níveis mais elevados de IL-1β e TNF-α secretadas por macrófagos e fibroblastos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Periapical Periodontitis/microbiology , Cell Line , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e103, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952068

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the bacterial diversity of 10 root canals with acute apical abscess using clonal analysis. Samples were collected from 10 patients and submitted to bacterial DNA isolation, 16S rRNA gene amplification, cloning, and sequencing. A bacterial genomic library was constructed and bacterial diversity was estimated. The mean number of taxa per canal was 15, ranging from 11 to 21. A total of 689 clones were analyzed and 76 phylotypes identified, of which 47 (61.84%) were different species and 29 (38.15%) were taxa reported as yet-uncultivable or as yet-uncharacterized species. Prevotella spp., Fusobacterium nucleatum, Filifactor alocis, and Peptostreptococcus stomatis were the most frequently detected species, followed by Dialister invisus, Phocaeicola abscessus, the uncharacterized Lachnospiraceae oral clone, Porphyromonas spp., and Parvimonas micra. Eight phyla were detected and the most frequently identified taxa belonged to the phylum Firmicutes (43.5%), followed by Bacteroidetes (22.5%) and Proteobacteria (13.2%). No species was detected in all studied samples and some species were identified in only one case. It was concluded that acute primary endodontic infection is characterized by wide bacterial diversity and a high intersubject variability was observed. Anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes, followed by Bacteroidetes, were the most frequently detected microorganisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Abscess/microbiology , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Dental Pulp Diseases/microbiology , Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria/isolation & purification , DNA, Bacterial/isolation & purification , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Genomic Library , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Genome, Bacterial , Cloning, Molecular , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Microbiota
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e61, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952067

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the antimicrobial activity and substantivity of Uncaria tomentosa Willd DC (cat's claw, CC) in root dentin contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. Forty-eight human premolars were contaminated with E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) and randomly divided into four groups according to the irrigant used during chemomechanical preparation (CMP): CC group: 2% CC gel; CHX group: 2% chlorhexidine digluconate gel (CHX); NaOCl group: 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); and SS group: sterile saline (SS). Microbiological samples were collected before (S1) and after (S2) CMP and after 7 days (S3). Colony-forming units (CFU/mL) at the different sampling times and comparisons among the groups were statistically analyzed by Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests (p < 0.05). Significant bacterial reduction was achieved in all groups after CMP (p < 0.05). Results show no significant difference between S3 and S2 (p > 0.05) in the CC and CHX groups. Bacterial load was higher in S3 than in S2 samples (p < 0.05) in the NaOCl and SS groups. Our results suggest antibacterial effect of 2% CC gel against E. faecalis in infected dentin, in addition to antibacterial substantivity of 2% CC and 2% CHX up to 7 days.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Cat's Claw/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/microbiology , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Reference Values , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Time Factors , Colony Count, Microbial , Random Allocation , Chlorhexidine/analogs & derivatives , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Bacterial Load/drug effects
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 14(3): 214-218, July-Sept. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-770535

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: To evaluate canal transportation and centering ability of Protaper and WaveOne systems in curved root canals by cone-beam computed tomography. Methods: Twenty human molars were randomly divided into two groups according to the system used: Group GP (ProTaper Universal(r)) and group GW (WaveOne(tm)). CT scans were performed before and after the chemo-mechanical preparation on three points: 2 mm, 3 mm and 4 mm from the tooth apex. The cuttings in dentin were measured and results were statistically analyzed. Results: In GP, there was higher percentage in transport at 2 mm and 4 mm toward the mesial wall of the tooth root compared to GW (p<0.05). There was no difference between the systems regarding their centering ability. Conclusions: None of the systems was able to touch all the dentin walls and stay centered during the chemical-mechanical preparation.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Preparation , Endodontics , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 44(4): 200-206, jul.-ago. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-755981

ABSTRACT

ResumoIntrodução

Bactérias associadas ao insucesso do tratamento endodôntico são capazes de adquirir e expressar resistência aos agentes antimicrobianos comumente empregados para tratar infecções, o que torna necessário, em determinadas situações, a realização de testes laboratoriais para detectar a resistência ou a suscetibilidade antimicrobiana desses micro-organismos.

Objetivo

avaliar a suscetibilidade antimicrobiana das cepas de Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Actinomyces viscosus e Staphylococcus aureus isoladas de canais radiculares de dentes com insucesso endodôntico.

Material e método

Cepas clínicas de Enterococcus faecalis (n=3), Enterococcus faecium (n=3), Actinomyces viscosus (n=3) e Staphylococcus aureus (n=3), coletadas in vivo de canais radiculares com insucesso endodôntico, foram testadas quanto à suscetibilidade antimicrobiana por meio do método E-test em duplicata, utilizando os antibióticos: Amoxicilina (AC), Rifampicina (RI), Moxifloxacina (MX), Vancomicina (VA), Tetraciclina (TC), Ciprofloxacina (CI), Cloranfenicol (CL), Benzilpenicilina (PG), Amoxicilina + ácido clavulânico (XL), Doxiciclina (DC), Eritromicina (EM) e Azitromicina (AZ).

Resultado

Todas as cepas clínicas testadas foram suscetíveis aos antibióticos AC, XL, PG, DC, MX, TC e VA. Todos os isolados das espécies de S. aureus foram suscetíveis aos 12 antibióticos testados. As cepas de E. faecalis, E. faecium e A. viscosus mostraram padrão de suscetibilidade intermediário contra EM. Algumas cepas de E. faecalis e E. faecium foram resistentes a AZ e RI.

Conclusão

As ...


AbstractIntroduction

Bacteria associated with failure endodontic treatment are capable of acquiring and expressing resistance against antimicrobial agents usually used to treat infections, which makes necessary, in some cases, laboratory tests in order to detect the resistance or antimicrobial susceptibility of these microorganisms.

Objective

to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Actinomyces viscosus and Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from root canals of teeth with failure endodontic treatment.

Material and method

Enterococcus faecalis (n=3), Enterococcus faecium (n=3), Actinomyces viscosus (n=3) and Staphylococcus aureus (n=3) clinical strains collected in vivo from root-filled canals with failure endodontic treatment thad been their antimicrobial susceptibility tested by the E-test method in duplicate using the antibiotics: Amoxicillin (AC), Rifampicin (RI), Moxifloxacin (MX), Vancomycin (VA), Tetracycline (TC), Ciprofloxacin (CI), Chloranphenicol (CL), Benzilpenicillin (PG), Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid (XL), Doxycycline (DC), Erythromycin (EM) e Azithromycin (AZ).

Result

all the clinical strains tested were susceptible to AC, XL, PG, DC, MX, TC e VA. All the isolated S. aureus strains were susceptible to the 12 tested antibiotics. E. faecalis, E. faecium and A. viscosus strains showed intermediary susceptibility pattern against EM. Some E. faecalis and E. faecium strains were resistant against AZ and RI.

Conclusion

clinical strains isolated from radicular canals of teeth with failure endodontic treatment showed ...

18.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 44(4): 232-238, jul.-ago. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-755982

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective

This study investigated the short-term subcutaneous tissue reaction of a new endodontic paste, based on the association among calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2], 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) and zinc oxide (ZnO) in comparison with a control paste, and the individual substances alone.

Material and method

Twenty-four male wistar rats were used. Polyethylene tubes containing the materials were implanted into the dorsal connective tissue of rats. Empty implanted tubes served as controls. The materials used were: Ca(OH)2+CHX+ZnO paste in two different proportions (2:1:2) and (2:1:3), a control paste, Ca(OH)2+CHX (2:1), and the substances alone. After time intervals of 2, 3, 7 and 15 days, the animals were euthanized and the specimens prepared for histological processing. Data were evaluated qualitatively according to the levels of tissue repair and the degree of inflammation.

Result

On the second day all the materials were observed to cause a severe inflammatory response. On the third day, the pastes Ca(OH)2+CHX+ZnO (2:1:2) and (2:1:3) showed reduction in degree of inflammation. On seventh day the tissue was already more organized with presence of collagen fibers in all materials. After 15 days it was found that compound Ca(OH)2+CHX+ZnO (2:1:2) showed areas with no inflammatory infiltrate.

Conclusion

The experimental pastes, Ca(OH)2+CHX+ZnO in two different proportions (2:1:2) and (2:1:3), showed favorable results with respect to biocompatibility, when evaluated for a short-term.

.

ResumoObjetivo

O presente estudo investigou a reação em tecido subcutâneo de ratos, por um curto período, de uma nova pasta endodôntica, obtida a partir da associação entre o hidróxido de cálcio [Ca(OH)2], clorexidina gel 2% (CHX) e óxido de zinco (ZnO), em comparação à pasta controle, e as substâncias isoladamente.

Material e método

Foram utilizados vinte e quatro ratos wistar machos. Tubos de polietileno contendo os materiais foram implantados no tecido conjuntivo dorsal de ratos. Tubos vazios foram utilizados como controle. Os materiais utilizados foram: Pasta de Ca(OH)2 + CHX + ZnO em duas proporções diferentes (2: 1: 2) e (2: 1: 3), pasta controle, Ca(OH)2 + CHX (2:1), e as substâncias isoladas. Após intervalos de tempo de 2, 3, 7 e 15 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e as amostras preparadas para processamento histológico. Os dados foram avaliados qualitativamente de acordo com os níveis de reparo dos tecidos e do grau de inflamação.

Resultado

No segundo dia observou-se que todos os materiais causaram uma resposta inflamatória grave. No terceiro dia, as pastas de Ca(OH)2 + CHX + ZnO (2: 1: 2) e (2: 1: 3) mostraram uma redução no grau de inflamação. No sétimo dia, o tecido encontrava-se mais organizado, com a presença de fibras colágenas em todos os materiais. Após 15 dias, verificou-se que a pasta de Ca(OH)2 + CHX + ZnO (2: 1: 2) mostrou áreas sem infiltrado inflamatório.

Conclusão

As pastas experimentais, Ca(OH)2 + CHX + ZnO, nas duas proporções avaliadas (2: 1: 2) e (2: 1: 3), mostraram resultados favoráveis em relação à biocompatibilidade, quando avaliada por curto período de tempo.

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19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(2): 158-163, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-746546

ABSTRACT

Phosphoric acid has been suggested as an irrigant due to its effectiveness in removing the smear layer. Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare the antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of a 37% phosphoric acid solution to other irrigants commonly used in endodontics. Material and Methods : The substances 37% phosphoric acid, 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid, 2% chlorhexidine (solution and gel), and 5.25% NaOCl were evaluated. The antimicrobial activity was tested against Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Actinomyces meyeri, Parvimonas micra, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Prevotella nigrescens according to the agar diffusion method. The cytotoxicity of the irrigants was determined by using the MTT assay. Results : Phosphoric acid presented higher antimicrobial activity compared to the other tested irrigants. With regard to the cell viability, this solution showed results similar to those with 5.25% NaOCl and 2% chlorhexidine (gel and solution), whereas 17% EDTA and 10% citric acid showed higher cell viability compared to other irrigants. Conclusion : Phosphoric acid demonstrated higher antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity similar to that of 5.25% NaOCl and 2% chlorhexidine (gel and solution). .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Burns/etiology , Hyperbaric Oxygenation/methods , Iridium/adverse effects , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation Injuries/therapy , Burns/physiopathology , Burns/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hand Injuries/diagnosis , Hand Injuries/therapy , Injury Severity Score , Occupational Health , Radiation Injuries/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing/physiology
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-1, 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777182

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the presence of the Treponema species in longstanding endodontic retreatment-resistant lesions of teeth with apical periodontitis, the association of this species with clinical/radiographic features, and the association among the different target species. Microbial samples of apical lesions were collected from twenty-five adult patients referred to endodontic surgery after unsuccessful root canal retreatment. Nested-PCR and conventional PCR were used for Treponema detection. Twenty-three periradicular tissue samples showed detectable levels of bacterial DNA. Treponema species were detected in 28% (7/25) of the cases. The most frequently detected species were T. socranskii (6/25), followed by T. maltophilum (3/25), T. amylovorum (3/25), T. lecithinolyticum(3/25), T. denticola (3/25), T. pectinovorum (2/25) and T. medium(2/25). T. vicentii was not detected in any sample. Positive statistical association was found between T. socranskiiand T. denticola,and between T. maltophilumand T. lecithinolyticum. No association was detected between the presence of any target microorganism and the clinical or radiographic features. Treponemaspp.are present, in a low percentage, in longstanding apical lesions from teeth with endodontic retreatment failure.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Periapical Periodontitis/microbiology , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Periapical Tissue/microbiology , Treponema/isolation & purification , Treponemal Infections/microbiology , Chi-Square Distribution , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , Periapical Periodontitis , Periapical Tissue/pathology , Periapical Tissue , Retreatment , Root Canal Therapy , Treatment Failure , Treponemal Infections
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