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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928209

ABSTRACT

An auxiliary dining robot is designed in this paper, which implements the humanoid feeding function with theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) theory and aims at the demand of special auxiliary nursing equipment. Firstly, this robot simulated the motion function of human arm by using the tandem joints of the manipulator. The end-effector used a motor-driven spoon to simulate the feeding actions of human hand. Meanwhile, the eye in hand installation style was adopted to instead the human vision to realize its automatic feeding action. Moreover, the feeding and drinking actions of the dining robot were considered comprehensively with the flexibility of spatial movement under the lowest degree of freedom (DOF) configuration. The structure of the dining robot was confirmed by analyzing its stresses and discussing the specific application scenarios under this condition. Finally, the simulation results demonstrate high-flexibility of the dining robot in the workspace with lowest DOF configuration.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Equipment Design , Hand , Humans , Movement , Robotics/methods
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637002

ABSTRACT

Condylar hyperplasia (CH) of human temporomandibular joint (TMJ) often occurs unilaterally, and causes occlusal disturbance and facial asymmetry. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high condylectomy with and without postsurgical orthodontic treatment. Forty patients were diagnosed as having active CH and treated with high condylectomy. Patients in group A (n=24) took the postsurgical orthodontic therapy immediately after surgery, and those in group B (n=16) did not take orthodontic therapy. For both groups, the mandibular ramus height on the affected side was decreased significantly after surgery. Orthodontic treatment promoted maxillary alveolar remodeling significantly by depressing alveolar bone of the affected side and increasing alveolar bone of the nonaffected side. Better improvement for facial midline deviations was observed in group A than in group B. In both groups, the condylar remodeling was observed and manifested by the smoothening of condylar surface and returning of condyle to normal position in glenoid fossa. It was concluded that high condylectomy in the treatment of active CH of TMJ improved the functional occlusion and facial aesthetic. Postsurgical orthodontic therapy could more effectively enhance maxillary alveolar and condylar remodeling, and more rapidly and meticulously establish the stable occlusal and normal position of condyle than the spontaneous remodeling.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331075

ABSTRACT

Condylar hyperplasia (CH) of human temporomandibular joint (TMJ) often occurs unilaterally, and causes occlusal disturbance and facial asymmetry. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high condylectomy with and without postsurgical orthodontic treatment. Forty patients were diagnosed as having active CH and treated with high condylectomy. Patients in group A (n=24) took the postsurgical orthodontic therapy immediately after surgery, and those in group B (n=16) did not take orthodontic therapy. For both groups, the mandibular ramus height on the affected side was decreased significantly after surgery. Orthodontic treatment promoted maxillary alveolar remodeling significantly by depressing alveolar bone of the affected side and increasing alveolar bone of the nonaffected side. Better improvement for facial midline deviations was observed in group A than in group B. In both groups, the condylar remodeling was observed and manifested by the smoothening of condylar surface and returning of condyle to normal position in glenoid fossa. It was concluded that high condylectomy in the treatment of active CH of TMJ improved the functional occlusion and facial aesthetic. Postsurgical orthodontic therapy could more effectively enhance maxillary alveolar and condylar remodeling, and more rapidly and meticulously establish the stable occlusal and normal position of condyle than the spontaneous remodeling.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Female , Humans , Male , Mandibular Condyle , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 362-364, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273214

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify and characterize mesenchymal stem cells from synovial membrane of temporomandibular joint in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Synovial mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs) were obtained by limited dilution method and expanded in 25 ml flasks. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to determine the cell growth cycles. The expressions of vimentin and keratin were respectively detected with immunocytochemistry, while the expressions of CD8, CD34, CD44, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were determined by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pure mesenchymal stem cells were of spindle shape and uniform in size, which were intensively positive in vimentin, but negative in keratin. The expression of CD44, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were also verified by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Mesenchymal stem cells could be purified from adult synovial membrane of temporomandibular joint.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Separation , Methods , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Synovial Membrane , Cell Biology , Temporomandibular Joint
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