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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888086

ABSTRACT

Wuwei Ganlu, a formula for medicated bath, consists of medicinal materials of Ephedra sinica, Platycladus orientalis, Myricaria squamosa, Artemisia carvifolia, and Rhododendron anthopogonoides, which is effective in inducing perspiration, resisting inflammation, relieving pain, regulating yellow water disease, and activating blood circulation. On this basis, a variety of formulas for Tibetan medicated bath have been derived for the treatment of diseases in internal organs, joints, nerves, etc. Modern studies have confirmed that Wuwei Ganlu has a good therapeutic efficacy on knee osteoarthritis(KOA). The present study explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Firstly, the chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained through literature mining and database retrieval, and corresponding potential targets were predicted according to the BATMAN-TCM database. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was obtained after the potential targets were input into the STRING database. The network function modules were analyzed by the Molecular Complex Detection(MCODE) algorithm, and the functions of the modules were annotated to analyze the action mode of Wuwei Ganlu. Secondly, the related targets of KOA were collected through the DisGeNET database, and the overlapping targets were confirmed to analyze the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA. Finally, the key targets were selected for molecular docking with the main components of Wuwei Ganlu to verify the component-target interaction. A total of 550 chemical components and 1 365 potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained. PPI analysis indicated that this formula could exert the effects of oxidation-reduction, inflammation resistance, bone absorption, bone mineralization, etc. Nineteen common targets were obtained from the intersection of potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu and KOA disease targets. It was found that the Wuwei Ganlu mainly acts on nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB), interleukin-1 beta(IL1β), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), IL6, IL1 receptor antagonist(IL1 RN), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) to treat KOA. Among the 550 chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu, 252 potential active components were docked with TNF and 163 with PTGS2, indicating good binding of the components with potential key targets. The study preliminarily explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA to provide a reference for the further development and utilization of Tibetan medicated bath that has been included in the UN Intangible Cultural Heritage.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Inflammation , Molecular Docking Simulation , Osteoarthritis, Knee
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275156

ABSTRACT

Synergistic effect is main pharmacological mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The research method based on the key targets combination is an important method to explore the synergistic effect of TCM. Peptide transporter 1 (PepT1) is an essential target for drug uptake into the bloodstream, accounting for about 50% of the total transporter protein content from the small intestine. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α(PPARα) is the lipid-lowering target of fibrates, which have a good hypolipidemic effect by activating PPARα. It has been reported that PPARα could activate the gene expression of PepT1s, and PPARα agonists can promote the uptake of PepT1 substrates, indicating their synergistic effect. In this paper, PepT1 substrates and PPARα agonists from TCM were discovered, and their synergistic mechanism was also been discussed based on the target combination of PepT1 and PPARα. The support vector machine(SVM) model of PepT1 substrates was first constructed and utilized to predict potential TCM components. Meanwhile, merged pharmacophore and docking model of PPARα agonists was used to screen the potential active ingredients from TCM. According to the analysis results of two groups, the TCM combination of Panax notoginseng and Ganoderma lucidum, as well as TCM combination of P. notoginseng and Salvia miltiorrhiza were identified to have the synergistic mechanism based on target combination of PepT1 and PPARα. In this study, synergistic mechanism of TCM was analyzed for absorption and hypolipidemic effect based on target combination, which provides a new way to explore the synergetic mechanism of TCM related to pharmacokinetics.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275468

ABSTRACT

Oligopeptides are one of the the key pharmaceutical effective constituents of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Systematic study on composition and efficacy of TCM oligopeptides is essential for the analysis of material basis and mechanism of TCM. In this study, the potential anti-hypertensive oligopeptides from Glycine max and their endothelin receptor A (ETA) antagonistic activity were discovered and predicted based on in silico technologies.Main protein sequences of G. max were collected and oligopeptides were obtained using in silico gastrointestinal tract proteolysis. Then, the pharmacophore of ETA antagonistic peptides was constructed and included one hydrophobic feature, one ionizable negative feature, one ring aromatic feature and five excluded volumes. Meanwhile, three-dimensional structure of ETA was developed by homology modeling methods for further docking studies. According to docking analysis and consensus score, the key amino acid of GLN165 was identified for ETA antagonistic activity. And 27 oligopeptides from G. max were predicted as the potential ETA antagonists by pharmacophore and docking studies.In silico proteolysis could be used to analyze the protein sequences from TCM. According to combination of in silico proteolysis and molecular simulation, the biological activities of oligopeptides could be predicted rapidly based on the known TCM protein sequence. It might provide the methodology basis for rapidly and efficiently implementing the mechanism analysis of TCM oligopeptides.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304861

ABSTRACT

In this research, a combined method of ligand-based pharmacophore (LBP), structure-based pharmacophore (SBP), and molecular docking was applied for virtual screening potential ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) openers from Chinese herbs. LBP models were generated by 3D-QSAR pharmacophore(hypogen) program, based on the training set composed of 48 KATP agonists. The best LBP model consisted of one hydrogen-bond acceptor, one hydrogen-bond donor, one hydrophobic feature, one aromatic ring and five excluded volumes. Besides, the correlation coefficient of training set and test set, N, and CAI value of the model were 0.876 4, 0.705 8, 3.304, and 2.616 respectively. Meanwhile, SBP models were also generated based on a 3D structure of KATP (PMID: PM0079770). The best SBP model consisted of six hydrogen-bond acceptors, eight hydrogen-bond donors, seven hydrophobic features and eighteen excluded volumes. The corresponding N and CAI value were 2.200 and 2.017. Then, the best LBP model and SBP model were applied to identify potential KATP openers from Traditional Chinese Medicine Database(TCMD), respectively. 349 hits were obtained after analyzed by drug-likeness rules. Moreover, 12 compounds with high docking scores were reserved after molecular docking evaluation. Interestingly, part of the results had been verified as hypotensive active ingredients by literatures. Therefore, this study uncovers a specific target effect contained in TCMD, and provides candidates for new KATP openers' research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275214

ABSTRACT

Inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes is the most common reasons for drug interactions, so the study on early prediction of CYPs inhibitors can help to decrease the incidence of adverse reactions caused by drug interactions.CYP450 2E1(CYP2E1), as a key role in drug metabolism process, has broad spectrum of drug metabolism substrate. In this study, 32 CYP2E1 inhibitors were collected for the construction of support vector regression (SVR) model. The test set data were used to verify CYP2E1 quantitative models and obtain the optimal prediction model of CYP2E1 inhibitor. Meanwhile, one molecular docking program, CDOCKER, was utilized to analyze the interaction pattern between positive compounds and active pocket to establish the optimal screening model of CYP2E1 inhibitors.SVR model and molecular docking prediction model were combined to screen traditional Chinese medicine database (TCMD), which could improve the calculation efficiency and prediction accuracy. 6 376 traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compounds predicted by SVR model were obtained, and in further verification by using molecular docking model, 247 TCM compounds with potential inhibitory activities against CYP2E1 were finally retained. Some of them have been verified by experiments. The results demonstrated that this study could provide guidance for the virtual screening of CYP450 inhibitors and the prediction of CYPs-mediated DDIs, and also provide references for clinical rational drug use.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284798

ABSTRACT

Cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) is a key regulator of high density lipoprotein (HDL). Owing to its important role in the reverse of cholesterol transport, CETP has become a hotspot target in modulating lipid drug design. In this paper, structure based pharmacophore (SBP) models for CETP inhibitors were built based on the protein structure 4F2A from Protein Database (PDB). The best pharmacophore contained six hydrophobic features, one hydrogen bond acceptor feature and nine excluded volume features, with the N and CAI value was 3.33 and 2.31 respectively. Then the model was used to search the traditional Chinese medicine database (TCMD) and 629 compounds originated from 315 TCM herbs were obtained. Molecular docking was also used to validate SBP by analyzing the critical amino acid residue and the interaction between potential active compounds and receptor. In this study, several TCM herbs, like Lycii Frutus and Schisandrae chinensis fructus, which contained more optimal SBP based screening results, have been reported hypolipidemic effect, and need to be studied deeply in a more focused research on herbal active constituents. Therefore, this study could provide reliable fundamental data for exploring the action mechanisms of TCM, and be applicable to identify lead candidates, which can be utilized as starting scaffolds for natural CETP inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337919

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has definitely clinical effect in treating hyperlipidemia, but the action mechanism still need to be explored. Based on consulting Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010), all the lipid-lowering Chinese patent medicines were analyzed by associated rules data mining method to explore high frequency herb pairs. The top three couplet medicines with high support degree were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Crataegi Fructus, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Crataegi Fructus, and Polygoni Multiflori Radix-Crataegi Fructus. The 20 main ingredients were selected from the herb pairs and docked with 3 key hyperlipidemia targets, namely 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase), peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-α (PPAR-α ) and niemann-pick C1 like 1 (NPC1L1) to further discuss the molecular mechanism of the high frequency herb pairs, by using the docking program, LibDock. To construct evaluation rules for the ingredients of herb pairs, the root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) value between computed and initial complexes was first calculated to validate the fitness of LibDock models. Then, the key residues were also confirmed by analyzing the interactions of those 3 proteins and corresponding marketed drugs. The docking results showed that hyperin, puerarin, salvianolic acid A and polydatin can interact with two targets, and the other five compounds may be potent for at least one of the three targets. In this study, the multi-target effect of high frequency herb pairs for lipid-lowering was discussed on the molecular level, which can help further researching new multi-target anti-hyperlipidemia drug.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Metabolism , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Hypolipidemic Agents , Chemistry , Metabolism , Membrane Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Molecular Docking Simulation , PPAR alpha , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Pueraria , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to study on effects of soy extract on energy metabolims in ovariectomized rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>90 Wistar rats were randomly divided into 9 groups: control group, sham group, model group, estrogen group, soy isoflavone group of high dose, soy isoflavone of low dose, soy extract of high dose, soy extract of low dose, 10 rats each group. Beside of control and sham groups, the rest rats were ovariectomized. One week after operation, the rats were treatmented with different drugs, measument of body weigh and feed weigh each week. Six week after operation, the rats were killed, serum were taken, abdomen lipid were removed and weight.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The ovariectomized rats took more food and got weight gain significantly; Body mess index(BMI), Abdomen lipid weigh and food transform rate in Model group increased significantly than control and sham groups. Administration of estrogen or soy extract or soy isoflavone could block these changes in ovariectomized rats, but soy polysaccharides did not have the effects.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ovariectomized rats have imbalance of energy metabolism, weigh gain and accumulation of abdomen lipid; administration of estrogen, soy extracts or soy isoflavone could attenuate these changes induced by ovariectomizing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Mass Index , Energy Metabolism , Estrogens , Pharmacology , Female , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Ovariectomy , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Soybeans , Chemistry , Weight Gain
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